William Henry Perrin.

History of Jefferson County, Illinois online

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cuit over the Hon. ,^ Charles H. Constable,
then of Wabash County. He continued upon
the bench until 1S54, when he was elected to
Congress as the Democratic candidate from
this district He was re-elected in 1856,
and declined to be a candidate in 1858, and
was succeeded by John A. Logan.

In March, 1861, Judge Marshall was again
elected to the bench and served as Judge of
the Circuit Court until 1864, when he was
1 again called by his party to bear its standard
'> for Congress, and was regularly re-elected
I in 1866, 1868, 1870 and 1872: was a candi
j date in 1874, and was defeated by Hon. W.
, B. Anderson, of this county, who had become
1 the leader in this district of that short-lived
tidal wave, the farmers' club movement
Judge Marshall had. daring his entire life,
adhered strictly to the Jeffersonian Democ -
racy, and refused to pander to the caprices of
the occasion for the sake of present political
preferment. Time has only proved the wis
dom of his course, for the mushroom hallu-
cination which placed Gen. Anderson and
many others for a time at the front was
scarcely born ere it began to die, and has
long since been numbered with things that



HISTORY OF JEFFERSON COUNTY.



175



were, " a schoolboy's tale, the wonder of an
hoiir." and. in its receding, has left many of
its followers stranded ufion the shores of the
uncertain and dangerous sea of politics.

Since Judge Marshall's retirement from
Congress, he has not been in public service.
As a prosecutor, he was faithful, feai-less and
unflinching; as a Judge, he was upright,
just and able: as a legislator in both State
and nation, he was strong, forcible and con-
vincing, and in every conflict he was found
watching and battling faithfully and hon-
estly for the people whom he represented.
Judge Marshall has ever enjoyed the full con-
fidence of his party; at one time he received
the vote of the Democrats in Congress for
Speaker of the House.

Space will not permit us to enter his Con-
gressional life: it would be a history within
itself. Sutfice to say that he was the peer of
any member, recognized as a man of strong
ability and great industry. As before stated,
from his youth he has been an unalterable,
uncompromising Democrat of the Jefferson
school, ever believing that within the Demo-
cratic principles are found the elements of
the most good to the most people, and in
every conflict to which our State and nation
is subject Judge Marshall may be heard
where the battle is hottest advocating the
political questions in an able manner from a
Democratic standpoint. In his official life,
he was always found at the post of duty,
and it is remai'ked of him that although in
poor health, he was never absent from the
court room when by law it was his duty to
be there. Talented and cultm-ed, of vmim-
peachable integrity, has been the life of Sam-
uel S. Marshall, a man known to the State
and nat'on and one who has not lived in vain.

Downing Baugh was born April 22, 1798;
is still living, hale and hearty. He is a na-
tive of Barren County, Ky., from which



State many of Illinois' early great men came.
He moved to this State in about 1820, lived
a short time in Bond County, and finally set-
tled in Mount Yernon. He married Milly
Pace, the youngest child of Joel Pace, sen-
ior sister of the late Joel and Joseph Pace,
of this county. Judge Baugh' s father was
a man of some education, and was a school
teacher in the early days. The Judge ac-
quired some education, and when a young
man also taught school. In those days the
scholar who could study the loudest was
considered the best; quite a contrast with
the present system. Could we step into one
of the Judge's old time schools to-day, we
would hear every student studying his lesson
" out loud," if he studied at all. After
teaching school awhile, he went to mer-
chandising, in which business he was not suc-
cessful. He was Postmaster here for many
years. At the age of forty-seven, he began
the study of law. which he finally completed,
and for some yeai's pursued the practice with
success. In 1854, he was appointed Judge
of the Circuit Court by Gov. Joel A. Matte-
son, to fill the unexpired term of Judge Mar-
shall, who had been elected to Congress.
Judge Baugh presided as Circuit Judge for
the nine remaining months. He was honest
and upright and performed his duties with-
out reproach to the judiciary or to himself.

In 1840 and 1841, he was Enrolling and
Engrossing Clerk of the Twelfth General As-
sembly. He was Probate Justice of this coun-
ty for a time, and many years a Justice of
the Peace. In 1857, he removed to McGreg-
or, Iowa, where he has since resided.
Shortly after his removal to Iowa, he was
elected Judge of the City Court, and so acted
until the Supreme Court declared the law
creating the City Coui'ts unconstitutional.

He has for many years been an enthusias-
tic Mason; is now Grand Chaplain of the



176



HISTORY OF JEFFERSON COUNTY.



Grand Chapter of Iowa and Grand Prelate
of the Grand Gommandery. He has lived a
consistent Christian life, and always com-
manded the respect of those among whom he
has lived.

For years, Judge Baugh has been entirely
blind. He is now in his eighty-sixth year,
yet his mind is as clear and vigorous as ever.
He may be termed one of those pioneers who
helped to form and mold the early senti-
ment of this country and get it started off on
the right foot.

He has two children living in Mount Ver-
non — J. VV. Baugh and Mrs. Elizabeth Fly.

William H. Green is among those once
members of the bar of this county, who have
attained distinction in their profession and
in politics. None, prehaps, stand more
prominent in the' profession than Judge
Green. He was born in Danville, Boyle
Co., Ky., December 8, 1830, and was the son
of Dr. Duff Green and Lucy Green (n6e
Kenton).

His ancestors were among the earliest set-
tlers of Virginia and extensive land-owners
in the Shenandoah Valley. They came
originally from the province of Leinster,
Ireland, about the year 1730. His mot' er
was a niece of Simon Kenton, the celebrated
pioneer and Indian lighter of Kentucky, and
was of Scotch parentage.

Judge Green was educated at Center Col-
lege, Danville, Ky. , and without graduating
became a fair classical scholar, and has all
his life been an extensive reader of history
and belles- letters, and kept pace with the mod-
ern investigations of scientists. His range
of thought and study has been upon the
higher plane.

In 1846, he came, with his father's fam-
ily, to Mount Vernon, where, after teaching
school for a time, he entered upon the study
of the law under the direction of Judge



"Walter B. Scates, was admitted to the bar in
1852, and for one year pursued the practice
of his profession in Mount Vernon. Then
he moved to Metropolis, where he remained
in active practice for ten years and then re-
moved to Cairo, where he has since resided.
He has served two tej-ms in the lower branch
of the State Legislature, 1858 to 1862, and
one in the Senate. In 1865, he was elected
Judge of the Circuit Court for the district
in which he lived, and since 1861 he has
been the attorney for the Illinois Central
Railroad except during the times his official
positions made it inconsistent for him to be
so.

He attended the foiu- National Democratic
Conventions as a delegate, at Charleston,
Chicago, Nesv York and Cincinnati; has for
years been a member of the State Democratic
Central Committee, and for twenty-two years
has been a member of the State Board of
Education, the only Democrat upon it.

Judge Green is now in he prime of intel-
lectual life, and already has he tilled the
measiu'e of a just ambition, not so much by
the eminence of the politics.1 or judicial po-
sitions he has tilled, as by the unalloyed re-
spec: and confidence he has inspired in all
men by his able and upright bearing to all.

Lewis F. Casey was bom on the 23d day
of April, 1821, in this county. By persever-
ance and industry, he acquired a fair educa-
tion and was elected County Surveyor in
1841. In 1843-44, he read law together
with Eobert F. Wingate in the law ofdce of
Judge Scates. He was admitted to the bar
in 1845. In 1846, he was a member of the
Legislature and voted for Stephen A. Doug-
las for the United States Senate. In about
1848, he formed a law partnership with
Judge Breeze, which continued for two
years. In 1852, he removed to Texas, and
in eighteen months after his arrival was



HISTORY OF JEFFERSON COUNTY.



177



elected Prosecuting Attorney for the district
in which he lived, and was also made the
financial agent of the State.

In 1861, Mr. Casey was elected to the
State Senate of Texas for four years. He
was a member of the Senate at the time the
State passed its ordinance of secession, voted
for Lewis T. Wigfall for member of the Sen-
ate of the Confederate Government, aud of
covirse voted for Jefferson Davis for Presi-
dent of the Confederate States. He returned
to the State of Illinois in 1806, and
located in Centralia, where he has since
practiced law. As a lawyer, he is able and
ready; in argument he is forcible and always
has the attention of the court he addresses.
He, in connection with Capt. S. L. Dwight,
enjoys a large practice in Marion, Clinton,
Washington and Jefferson Counties. He is
a nephew of the late Gov. Casey, and pos-
sesses much of the ability, energy and other
characteristic , which so marked the Governor.

Richard S.Nelson. Among the members of
the bar of early days no man figured more
conspicuously than did Richard S. Nelson.
He was born June 12, 1815, in the city of
Douglas, on the Isle of Man. His father was
an eminent divine in the Established
Church of England, and it was his desire
that the subject of this sketch should follow
in his footsteps and take the pulpit, but as
he gi'ew to manhood the young man's tastes
diflered from his father's, aud he chose that
other profession that is next of kiu to the
clergy — the law. He completed his studies
and at ouce turned his face to America, and
at twenty years of age he landed in New Or-
leans and began the practice of his profes-
sion. He, however, did not remain there
long, bat soon removed, coming directly to
Southern Illinois. He landed at Shawnee-
town and opened an office, but not meeting
with the success he desired, he removed to



Old Frankfort, Franklin County, and from
thence to Mount Vernon. After a few years'
residence at this place, he i-emoved to Me-
tropolis, Massac County, and there remained
for eight year.s. During his residence there,
he passed through, perhaps, the most excit-
ing scenes of his life.

It was during this period that the Regula-
tors aud Flatheads inaugurated what has
passed into history as the " Massac war. "
Mr. Nelson was strongly identified with the
law and order party, who were known as the
" Flatheads." Exciting and active demon-
strations were had by both sides, until at
last the opposing factions met in battle line,
and on the 7th day of December, 184:6, in
front of Mr. Nelson's house, proceeded to
tight it out. The Regulators finally won the
day and the Flatheads were put to flight.
Mr. Nelson made his escape by flat-boat to
Cairo and thence to St. Louis, and then to
Springfield. The Regulators after their vic-
tory held control of things for some months,
and until, at the earnest entreaties of Mr.
Nelson, Gov. French sent between 400 and
500 militia to the scene of the troubles. Mr.
Nelson returned with them aud did all in
his power to sustain the soldiers. In two
weeks his table furnished 316 meals, and he
fed and stabled 200 horses, for ^ which not 1
cent was ever paid to him or his family.
This should receive the early attention of
our State authorities, and restore to this
family the long delayed justice. Mr. Nelson
never resumed the practice in Metropolis,
but left his desolated home, which had been
reduced to ashes, and moved again to Mount
Vernon, where he at once entered upon a
large and remunerative practice. He soon
reached a high standard in his profession.
In 1862, amid the demoralizing influences of
the late war, he removed to Centralia, where
ho remained until his death, on the 19th day



178



HISTORY OF JEFFERSOX COUXTY.



of August, 1865. He was attending covurt at
this city when he was attacked by apoplexy,
and soon died.

Mr. Nelson was a man of more than ordi-
nary intellect. He applied himself with much
assiduity to his pi'ofession, and soon became
widely and favorably known thi'oughout the
southern part of the State. He was what
might be termed a self-made man, and rose
to prominence in his profession by his own
exertions. He occupied such a position only
as his own talents and moral worth com-
manded. He rose to distinction not only
without the patronage of influential friends,
but in opposition to a degree of prejudice
which is encountered by every foreigner.
His success was due to native talent and to
the energy with which he devoted himself to
his profession. His native energy of intel-
lect, his legal erudition and his imbending
integrity commanded respect and confidence
wherever he was known.

Hon. S. F. Crews was boru in 1845, in
"Wayne (bounty, 111., and came to Jefferson
County in 1872 and formed a law partner-
ship with George M. Haynes. In 1876, he
was elected State's Attorney, and in 1882 was
elected to the Legislature. Upon the ad-
journment of the Legislature, ilr. Crews re-
moved to Chicago, where he is at present en-
joying a reasonably good practice.

Of the present members of the Mount
Vernon bar, we shall but briefly speak, leav-
ing the histories of their triumphs and their
glories to the writers who shall come after us,
saying, however, in a general way that the
bar of Jefferson County will compare f avora
bly with that of any county in the southern
part of the State.

Robert H. Carpenter was bom September
30, 1837, studied law and was admitted in
1871.

A. M. Green was born in 1846, studied



law in Mount Vernon, attended at Ann Ar-
bor, Mich., and was admitted in 1870. In
1872, he was elected State's Attorney and
served four years. In 1877, he was elected
to the Legislature.

W. N. Green, born in , 1858,

read law and was admitted in 1878. In 1877,
he was appointed Master in Chancery and
served two years.

C. A. Keller was bom November 24, 1851;
read law, and was admitted in 1873. In 1877,
he was elected County Judge, serving
acceptably as such for four years. A more
extended sketch of his career will be found
in the biographical department of this vol-
lune.

George B. Leonard was bom December 16,
1849, and was admitted in 1876.

Norman N. Moss was born March 25, 1856,
and admitted May 5, 1882.

C. H. PattoQ was born May 9, 1834, came
to Illinois in 185- , taught school, was elect-
ed County Clerk and admitted to the bar on
March 21, 1862. For further particulars
the reader is referred to otu- biographical
department.

Hon. James M. Pollock was born in ;

came to Moimt Vernon in 185- ; in 1864, was
elected Judge of the Circuit Covirt and re-
elected in 1866. His life and histcry will
also be found in the biographical department

W. C. Pollock was born July 12, 1853,
and admitted in Jime, 1877.

James L. Pollock was born March 1, 1859,
and admitted February — , 1881,

James M. Pace was born in Mount Ver-
non on the 29th day of November, 1826, and
is said to have been the first white male
child born in the city. For a number of
years he was County School Superintendent,
and tipon the organization of the city gov-
ernment was elected the first Mayor. He was
admitted in 1870.



HISTORY OF JEFFERSON COUNTY.



179



W. T. Pace was born December 22, 1853,
and was admitted June 6, 1878.

Norman A. Pearcy was born January 4,
1856, and admitted in 1SS2.

E. V. Satterfield was born January, 1836,
and admitted .

W. N. White was born October 17, 1856;
was admitted in 1879, and elected State's At-
torney in 1880, which position he still holds.

Albert Watson was born April 15, 1857,
and was admitted in September, 1880.

George M. Haynes was born August 27,
1847, and was admitted in 1870.



Robert A. D. Wilbanks, born in 1846,
was admitted in 1867; for twelve years was
Clerk of the Supreme Court of this grand
division ; is now Clerk of the Appellate
Court.

There were and have been many other
members of the bar of this county, among
them Gen. R. F. Wingate, F. D. Preston,
and others, of whom we have been unable to
obtain sufficient data from which tu write
them. Also Col. S. G. Hicks, whose history
and life is fully given elsewhere in this vol-
ume.



CHAPTEK VII.*



POLITICAL HISTORY— BIRTH OF THE WHIG AND DEMOCRAT ORGANIZATIONS— PARTY STRIFE AND
SCRAMBLE FOR OFFICE— JOEL PACE, FIRST CLERK OF THE COUNTY— POLITICIANS OF
THE TIMES— ZADOK CASEY— HIS LIFE AND OFFICIAL SERVICES— GOV.
ANDERSON— SKETCH OF HIS PUBLIC CAREER— NOAH JOHNSTON
AND OTHER DISTINGUISHED CHARACTERS— SENA-
TORS AND REPRESENTATIVES, ETC.

over the elder Adams. At this election (1824),
the candidates were Gen. Jackson, with the



"The greutest frii-nd of Truth is Time;
Her greatest enemy is Prejudice."

IN the early history of Jeflerson County, there
was but little, if, indeed, any, party strife. The
exciting events of the war of 1812, which had
closed a few years prior to the organization of
the county, had wiped out the old Federal par-
ty — a party that had bitterly opposed President
Jeflierson and his official acts. The war meas-
ures of President Madison, and the dominant
party in Congress were very generally, and even
earnestly, supported by the people throughout
the country. The Presidential election of 1824,
the second after the formation of Jefferson
County, was attended with unusual excitement,
probably with more than any election that had
ever taken place in the Republic, with the ex-
ception of the Presidential election of 1800,
which resulted in the success of Mr. Jefferson

»Bj W. U, Perrin.



laurels of New Orleans still blooming upon his
brow; Henry Clay, the sage of Kentucky; John
Quincy Adams, a born statesman, and William
H. Crawford, of Georgia, all intellectual giants,
truly. Each of these distinguished gentlemen
had his friends, who supported their favorite
candidate from personal preference and not
from party predilection. None of them, how-
ever, had a majority of the votes in the elec-
toral college, and under the Constitutional rule,
upon the House of Representatives, for the first
and the last time in the history of the country,*

*OriginaiIy, It was the law for the candidate receiving the high-
est n'lmberof Totesin the Electural f^oliegeto Ik. declared President.
an 1 the one receiving the next highest to bo declared Vice Presi-
dent. In 1800, Thomas .letTen*on and Aaron Rnrr received the same
number of votes, and thy question wont to the House of Represent-
atives for its deciBion, where it was hotly contested by Burr but
finally decided in favor of Jefferson. The law was afterward
changed, and candiilates nominated for President and Vice Presi-
dent, which rule is still followed, and the election of IS'li is theonly
cne in which the House of Representatives had to deride between
the Presidential candidates atone, and make a President.



180



HlSTOKl' OF JEFFERSON COUNTY.



devolved the dutj- of making choice of Presi-
dent, each State, bj- its delegation in Congress,
casting one vote. Gen. Jackson led Mr. Adams,
in the Electoral College, by a small plurality;
Mr. Crawford was the third on the list of can-
didates, and Mr. Clay, who was the hindmost
man, was dropped from the canvass. Mr.
Adams was chosen President by the casting
vote of the State of Kentuck}-. Jlr. Clay was
a member of the National House of Represent-
atives, and its Speaker, and it was at once
claimed by many of his political enemies, that it
was through the great influence of Ohio, which
State, as well as his own, Mr. Clay had carried
in the Presidential contest, that the delegation
from Kentuck}^ was induced to cast the vote
of that State for Mr. Adams, an Eastern man,
in preference to Gen. Jackson, a Western and
Southern man. By that coup d'etat, Mr. Clay
was instrumental in organizing political parties
that survived the generation of people to which
he belonged, and ruled in turn the destinies of
the Republic for more than a quarter of a cent-
ury.

In the new Cabinet, Mr. Clay was placed at
the head of the State Department by Mr.
Adams, which gave rise to the charge of '' bar-
gain and sale " between the President and his
chief Secretary', that threw the country into a
blaze of excitement from one end to the other.
At this time, when Henry Clay has been dead
for more than thirty years, and his faults and
errors have been enveloped in the mantle of
charity, no one will presume or dare to ques-
tion his patriotism or honesty; but the charge
was persistently made bj' the partisans of Gen.
Jackson, it greatly injured Mr. Clay in the
public estimation, and contributed largely to
the General's success in the Presidential race
of 1828, and forever sealed Mr. Clay's own
doom, so far as regarded the Presidency. At
the Presidential election of 1828, party lines
were closely drawn between Gen. Jackson and
Mr. Adams, and the result of a hot and bitter



contest was the triumphant election of the hero
of New Orleans, both b}- the electoral and pop-
ular vote. At this time parties were known
throughout the country as the Jackson and
Anti-Jackson parties.

The gubernatorial election in Illinois, follow-
ing this contest, presented a curious phase of
the politics of the times. There were two tick-
ets in the field for Governor and Lieutenant
Governor, all professing strong Jacksonism,
but really were what to-day would be termed,
perhaps. Stalwarts and Half-breeds. Mr. Kin-
ney was the stalwart candidate for Governor,
or as he was called then, the " out and outer"
Jackson candidate, while Zadok Casey was the
candidate for Lieutenant Governor on the same
ticket. John Reynolds was the " Half-breed"
candidate for Governor, but claimed to be as
good a Jackson man as Kinney; and associated
with |him as a candidate for Lieutenant Gov-
ernor was Rigdon B. Slocumb, of Wayne Coun-
ty. The peculiar feature of the election was,
that Rej'nolds and Casey were elected, repre-
senting the two different wings of the Jackson
party. And as an illustration of the great
power and influence Casey ever wielded over
his constituency, is the fact that he was the only
stalwart candidate elected in the State in that
contest. With but few changes in their plat-
form of principles, the Jackson and Anti- Jack-
son eventually became the Whig and Demo-
crat parties.

The scramble for the " loaves and fishes " of
office in the earl}- period of the county's exist-
ence, compared with later years, was almost
nothing. But few offices were sought for their
emoluments, and much ofteuer then than now
the office sought the man. The most lucrative
offices were filled by appointment, and not by
popular vote, as they are now. It was not for
years after the formation of the county that
local offices were made elective, and it is even
now a question for discussion, whether the lat-
ter is the best policy. In most cases, the offices



HISTORY OF JEFFERSOX COUNTY.



181



were filled by faithful and competent men. The
appointing power conferred bj' the Legislature
upon the Commissioners and the courts, al-
though anti-Republican in principle, seems to
be. judging from the experience of the past,
the best calculated to secure efficienc}' and
competency in office. Experience has shown
pretty conclusively that the less frequentlj-
changes are made the better it is for the public
service, notwithstanding the present political
war-cry of " turn the rascals out." Chancellor
Kent has said that the great danger to this
country is " the too frequent recurrence to pop-
ular election." The early records of the county
show, under the appointing power, but few
changes. From the organization of the county
in 1819 to 1837, the duties of both County and
Circuit Clerk were laithfuUy performed by Joel
Pace, an excellent and competent man. It is
not inappropriate in this connection to devote
a few words to the county's first Clerk.

Joel Pace was born in Virginia, and his father,
Joel Pace, Sr., emigrated to Kentucky, locating
in Woodford County. ^ On reaching manhood,
young Joel went to Frankfort, Kj-., where he
engaged to work for one Thomas Long. The
latter gentleman had a brother-in-law — Owen



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