William Henry Perrin.

History of Jefferson County, Illinois online

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Sidney Place and Joseph Laur.

Horse Prairie Precinct — William Clampitt,
J. B. Wood and Joseph Hartley.

Elk Prairie Precinct. — William Wells,
Elisha Wilson and W. B. Anderson.

Gun Prairie Precinct — C. G. Vaughn,
Henry W. Williams and Solomon Goddard.

Jackson Precinct — F. jHicks, John Ham
and H. W. Goodrich.

Moore's Prairio Precinct —David Kiffin,
David Eotramel and John Lowry, Sr.

Lynchburg Precinct — Curran Jones, S. V.
Bruce and Jesse Laird.

Horse Creek Precinct — B. E. Wells, Eob-
ert French and E. H. Flowers.

Mount Vernon Precinct — Capt. H. B.
Newby, John Bagwell and D. Baltzell.

The foregoing Committee was selected
by a committee consisting of Dr. Green,
Samuel Schenck and William Dodds, which
had been appointed on the motion of Prof.
B. C. Hillman. The following committee:



Dr. Green, W. B. Anderson, J. R. Allen and
J. S. Bogan, was appointed and drafted a
constitution and by laws.

The first fair was held on the 23d, 24th
and 2r)th of October, 1860, and was well at-
tended and proved successful. The old
officers were reelected, except Charles T.
Pace was elected Treasm-er in place of Joel
Pace. In 1862, no fair was held, on account
of the excitement of the civil war then in
progress. The Directors elected this year
were F. S. Casey, Jesse A. Dees, William
Wood, J. J. Fitzgerrell, John Wilbanks,
Joseph Baldridge, P. T. Maxey, John
Arnold, C. G. Vaughn, S. Place, S. Cum-
mins, T. G. Holland and A. Kiffin.

For 1863, the following officers were
elected: J. E. Allen, President; S. V.
Bruce, Vice President; Charles T. Pace,
Treasurer; J. S. Bogan, Recording Secretary,
and E. J. Winton, Corresponding Secretary.
Directors — S. Cummins, Joseph Baldridge,
E. B. Harvey, William Wood, J. A. Dees,
Isaac Place, J. J. Fitzgerrell, John Wilbanks,
C. G. Vaughn, J. H. Smith, John Ai-nold,
J. C. Jones, R. S. Young and F. S. Casey.

For 1861— J. C. McConnell, President;
John Wilbanks. Vice President, Chai-les T.
Pace, Treasurer; T. H. Hobbs, Assistant
Treasurer; Dr. Welborn, Corresponding
Secretary; J. S. Bogan, Recording Secre-
tary. Directors — F. S. Casey, John Ai-nold,
W. Knowles, J. H. Smith, Curran Jones, S.
Cummins, J. C. Baldridge, Sr., E. B. Hai -
vey, William Wood, J. A. Dees, John Dodds,
J. J. Fitzgerrell, James Bodine and JMark
Hails.

For 1866*— G. H. Varnell, President: J.
C. Jones, Vice President; A. F. Taylor,
Treasurer; W. D. Watson, Assistant Treas-
urer; J. S. Bogan, Recording Secretary; J.
W. Baugh and A. M. Green, Assistant

*No election of officers fer 18ti5.




j^Jv^-}yy^^



LIBRAriy

1." THE

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS



HISTORY OF JEFFERSON COUNTY.



243



Secretaries. Directors — F. S. Casey, Will-
iam Wood, John Arnold, T. J. Williams, Q.
A. Wilbanks, J. Foster, B. E. Wells, J. C.
McConnell, Jacob Breeze, E. B. Harvey, J
A. Dees, J. Q. A. Bay, J. J. Fitzgerrell and
John W^ilbanks.

For 1867— G. H. Varnell, President; J.
C Jones, Vice President; A. F. Taylor,
Treasurer; Dr. Welborn, Corresponding Sec-
retary; J. S. Bogan, Recording Secretary;
J. W. Baugh and T. J. Casey, Assistant Sec-
retaries. Directors— F. S. Casey, M. Fitz-
gerrell, J. K. Jones, J. C. McConnell, E. B.
Harvey, J. A. Dees, J. J Fitzgerrell, J.
Arnold, C H. Judd, B. E. Wells, Jacob
Breeze, William Wood, John Dodds and Col.
W. B. Anderson. The same oiScers were re-
elected in 1868, with one or two changes in
the directory. Mr. Varnell, during the year,
resigned as President, and J. C. McConnell
was elected, August 13, to till the vacancy.
The same officers served through 186U.

For 1870 — Jesse A. Dees, President; J.
M. Galbraith, Vice President; A. F. Taylor,
Treasurer; J. S. Bogan, Recording Secre-
tary; R. F. Pace and G. W. Johnsoa, Assist-
ant Secretaries; C. H. Patten, Con-esponding
Secretary. Directors— F. S. Casey, J. M.
Scott, John Gibson, G. L. Cummings, E, B.
Harvey, H. Moore, J. R. Knowle.s, J. Arnold,
J. Walters, B. E. Wells, Jacob Breeze, Will-
iam Wood, A. J. Norris and John Wilbanks.
For 1871— S. W. Jones, President; S. H.
Allen, Vice President; W. E. Collins, Treas-
urer; J. F. Baltzell, Assistant Treasui-er;
A. F. Taylor, Corresponding Secretary; J.
S. Bogan, Recording Secretary; Capt. J. R.
Moss, General Superintendent. Directors —
J. C. McConnell, G. L. Cummins, J. W.
Johnson, S. V. Bruce, S. K. Casey, B. W.
Towner, E. B. Harvey, J. A. Dees, John
Wilbanks, John Arnold, J. C Jones, C. H.
Judd, C. M. Brown, D. C. Jones, S. S. Man-



nen and Jacob Breeze. In 1872, there
seems to have been no election.

For 1873— Capt. J. R. Moss, President;
Edgar Jones, Vice President; A. F. Taylor,
Treasurer; C. D. Ham, Corresponding Sec-
retary; J. S. Bogan, Recording Secretary;
J. C. McConnell, General Superintendent.
Directors — John Hawkins, H. N. Maxey. G.
S. Cummins. R. Howell, Dr. W. D. Green,
T. C. Moss, T. B. Lacy, J. A. Dees, G. W.
Evans, John Frizell, J. Foster, M. McPher-
sen, C. M. Brown, J. C. Gwinn, J. Willis
and H. Breeze.

For 1876*— J. S. Bogan, President; T. B.
Lacy, Vice President; J. AV. Baugh, Record-
ing Secretary; G. M. Haynes, Corresponding
Secretary; A. F. Taylor, Treasurer and James
A. White, General Superintendent. Direct-
ors— J. C. McConnell, J. C. Maxey, J. M.
Gaston, A. Marlow, W. A. McConnell, J. C.
Johnson, W. R. Champ, T. H. Mannen, W.
Dodds, G. D. Jones, G. W. Clark, J. A.
Glazebrook, G. W. Bodine, Dr. T. F. White
and Jacob Breeze.

For 1878— S. Gibson, President; J. R.
Moss, Vice President; A. F. Taylor, Treas-
urer and J. S. Bogan, Secretary. Directors
— S. Moffitt, J. C. Gwinn, J. A. White, J. E.
Goodrich, E. Jones, J. C. McConnell, J. S.
Bogan, John AVilbanks, W. A. McConnell,
J. A. Dees and A. F. Taylor.

For some time, efforts had been made to
change the association into a joint-stock com-
pany. This was accomplished during the
year 1879, when, on the 10th day of May,
an agreemeat was "signed, sealed and de-
livered " to the Jefferson County Fair Asso-
ciation. The first officers under the new re
gime were as follows:

For 1879 — Jesse A. Dees, President; John
Wilbanks, Vice President; A. F. Taylor, Re-



• ThiB year (1876) soems to have been the next election of of
fleers.



244



HISTORY OF JEFFERSON COUNTY.



cording Secretary; J. S. Bogan, Correspond-
ing Secretary; G. W. Evans, Treasurer, and
J. C. McCounell, General Superintendent.

For 1880— J. A. Dees, President; John
Wilbank, Vice President; J. S. Bogan, Re-
cording Secretary; A. F. Taylor, Correspond-
ing Secretary; C. D. Ham, Treasurer, and
J. C. McConnell, General Superintendent.

For 1881— J. G. Gee, President; Dr. H.

F. White, Vice President; G. W. Evans,
Treasurer; J. S. Bogan, Secretary, and J. A.
Dees, Marshal.

For 1882— J. G. Gee, President; A. Gil-
bert, Vice President; J. S. Bogan. Secretary;

G. W. Evans, Treasurer, and Dr. H. F.
"White, General Superintendent.

For 1883— John Wilbanks, President: A.
Gilbert. Vice President; J. S. Bogan, Secre-
tary; G. W. Evans, Treasurer, and S. H.
Watson, General Superintendent. Directors
— S. H. Watson, J. Wilbanks, A. Gilbert, C.
D. Ham and E. A. Jones.

Horticulture. — Gardening, or horticulture
in its restricted sense, cannot be regarded as
a very prominent or important feature in the
histoiy of Crawford County. If, however,
we take a broad view of the subject, and in-
clude orchards, small fruit culture and kin-
dred branches, outside of agriculture, we
should find something of more interest and
value. The flourishing trade the writer has
witnessed in apples alone in the city of
Mount Vernon, since he commenced his work
of writing this history, is the most convinc-
ing proof that horticulture and fruit-grow-
ing is a valuable industry, to which the coun-
ty is well adapted. The following statistics,
Wb think, will bear us out in the assertion:

Number of acres in apple orchards 3,801

Number of bushels produced 139,487

Number of acres in peach orchards 65

Number of bushels produced 2,116

Number of acres in pear orchards 2

Number of busliels produced 40



Number of acres in vineyard 6

Number of bushels produced 240

Number of acres in fruits not included in

orchards 2

Value of same f 150

Number of pounds of grapes produced 11,979

There can be little doubt but that, if the
farmers were to devote more of ,_the attention
that is given to wheat — a crop that has. of
late years, proven to be very uncertain in this
latitude — to fruitgrowing, the experiment
would pay, and pay well. The climate of
this portion of the State is better adapted to
fruit culture than further north, though, as a
fruit-growing section, it is, perhaps, not to
be compared to some portions of our coun-
try.

The apple is the hardiest and most reli-
able of all the fruits for this region, and
there are more acres in apple orchards than
in all fruits combined in the county. The
first fruit trees wore brought here by the pio-
neers, and were sprouts taken from varieties
around the old home, about to be forsaken
for a new one hundreds of miles away.
Lewis Johnson, Sr., brought the first fruit
trees here that ever flourished in the county,
except the wild fruits found here by the
early settlers. Apples are now raised in the
county in great quantities, also peaches
somewhat, while small fruits are receiving
more and more attention every year. Many
citizens, too, are engaging, to a greater or
less extent, in grape culture.

That the cultivation of fruit is a union of
the useful and beautiful is a fact not to be
denied. Trees covered in spring with soft
foliage, blended with fragrant flowers of
white and crimson and gold, that are suc-
ceeded by fruit, blushing with bloom and
down, rich, melting and grateful through all
the fervid heat of summer, is indeed a tempt-
ing prospect to every land holder. A people
so richly endowed by nature as the people of



HISTORY OF JEFFERSON COUNTY.



245



Southern Illinois should give more attention
than they do to an art that supplies so many
of the amenities of life, and around which
cluster so many memories that appeal to the
liner instincts of our nature. With a soil so
well adapted to fruits as that of Jefferson
CouQty, horticulture should be held in that
high esteem which becomes so important a
factor in human welfare.

Tlie Forests.— Our rapidly disappearing
forests have awakened apprehensions in the
minds of many close observers, and is calling
out much discussion of the subject. A late
writer has remarked: " The disappearance
of our old forests threatens to fulfill the pre-
diction of Frederick Gerstaecker, who pro-
phesied that the progress of our reckless
civilization would soon make the United
States as barren as Western Asia. But be-
fore the end of this century, protective legis-
lation would not come too laie. Our mount-
ain ranges at least, have still forests enough
to preserve the agricultural regions from any-
thing like an Asiatic drought." Forest cult-
ure has already attracted the attention of
the Legislatures of many of the older States,



and steps are even now being taken to not
only protect the forests, but for planting for-
ests in the less timbered regions of the coun-
try. Indeed, the only measure of relief thus
far suggested, with any definite prospect of
success, is the planting of new forests. Much
has been said, and many plans proposed, for
the preservation of those that remain, but
the words seem meaningless in view of the
fact that private property is beyond the con-
trol of the Government, and Congress de-
clines even to grant means to prevent the
destruction of that which still pertains to the
public domain.

No one now living, it is true, can reason-
ably expect to see our forests entirely de-
stroyed, yet that they are disappearing more
rapidly than new forests, of spontaneous
growth, attain maturity, it naturally follows
that, unless some means are adopted to pro-
tect them, sooner or later Frederick Ger-
staecker's prediction will be fulfilled. No
doubt the time will conie, and that soon,
when the protecticm and improvement of our
forests will receive the attention they un-
questionably merit.



CHAPTER XII.



WAR HISTORY— THE REVOLUTION AND THE WAR OF 1812— WHAT WE GAINED BY THEM-

MEXICAN WAR— JEFFERSON COUNTY'S PART IN IT— HER OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS—

THE LATE CIVIL WAR— SKETCHES OF THE REGIMENTS IN WHICH THE

COUNTY WAS REPRESENTED— GEN. ANDERSON, COL. HICKS

AND OTHER VETERANS— INCIDENTS, ETC., ETC.



■THE



"Rash fruitless war, from wanton glory waged.
Is only splendid niunler." — Thomson.

AS a nation, we have had liut few wars aside
from our troubles with the Indians.
Wliile still colonies we took part in the old
French and Indian war, which, for a time,

*Bj W. H. Pcrriu.



settled the question as to the ownership of the
vast Northwest Territory. The war of the
Revolution transferred this magnificent domain
to us, and the war of 1812 settled its owner-
ship perhaps for ages to come. The result of
these several wars was the securing to the
puny Republic of the thirteen American Colo-



246



HISTORY OF JEFFERSON COUNTY.



nies, an empire greater than that over which
the Roman eagles soared in gilded triumph.
A grand result truly, and one that has made
the American Republic, or contributed very
largely to making it, the foremost nation on
the globe.

It is not known that any of the early
settlers of Jefferson County participated in
the Revolutionary war, but it is altogether
probable that they did. Many of the early
settlers in Southern Illinois were Revolutiouarj'
soldiers, and hence, some of the pioneers of
Jefferson County may have been ; but if so, we
have not learned their names. Quite a number
of them, however, took part in the war of 1812.
But as both of these wars occurred before there
were an^- settlements made in the county, they
are of no special interest to this work, except
as a kind of introduction to the general war
history- of the county, and to show the ad-
vantages we as a people received from them.

77ie Mexican War. — The Black Hawk war —
a war which personally- effected the people
here — has been noticed in a preceding chapter.
Next in order comes the Mexican war. Early
in 1846, war was declared against Mexico, and
Illinois was required to furnish three regiments.
Later she was allowed to furnish another regi-
ment, making four altogether. Jefferson.
County' contributed two companies, one under
the first call and one under the second call for
troops. The first was enrolled in June, 1846,
as Compan3- II, of the Third Regiment, Col.
Ferris Foreman, of Vandalia, commanding.
The roster of Company H is as follows :
Stephen Gr. Hicks, Captain ; Lewis F. Casej-,
First Lieutenant (resigned November 1, 1846,
at Matamoras, Mexico) ; William A. Thomas,
promoted from Second to First Lieutenant
November 1, 1846 ; Thomas S. Livingston,
Second Lieutenant. Sergeants — John Bag-
well, Gazaway Elkins, J.acob Casey and
Marcus D. Bruce. Corporals — • Joseph F.
Thomasson, John Q. A. Bay, William Summers



and John McConnell. Privates — Thomas J.
Atchison, Peter Bean, James R. Brown,
Thomas H. Ballard, Eli Blalock, John Brady,
Samuel Bullock, John Butler, James C. Bate-
man, Benjamin Buckout, Loring R. Beal,
James F. Caldwell, James A. Donohoo, Will-
iam H. Dorris, Jesse J. Fly, Abraham W.
Fields, Nicholas Gray, J. J. Garrison, James
M. Galbraith, James Hull, Thomas Harlow,
John Hawkins, Jesse Hawkins, Marcus
Hailes, William Hicks, Albert Hailes, Johnson
Hatfield, George Knox, James Kelle}-, John B.
Lynch, John T. Lisenby, James W. Lewty,
James Murphy, John Nielburn, Alexander
Moore, James McCarver, Pleasant McFarlaud,
Andrew McGivin, Edward McAtee, James C.
Overbay, Benjamin Patterson, John M. Poston,
James Scott, H. H. Wilkerson, Quincy A.
Wilbanks. James Westcott and David H.
Warren. Discharged — Sergt. William B.
Braden, and Privates Joseph T. Atchison,
Samuel W. Avant, William Foster, Alexander
M. Hill, E. B. Harvey, Benj. Ivey, William J.
Crisel, L. C. -Moss, William R. McClenden, S.
R. Owens, John E. Xewby, Robert B. Rankin,
Charles W. Stearns, James E. Summers, Will-
iam J. Stephenson, Daniel Smith, P. T. Thur-
man, James Teeters, Benjamin Veasy, J. A.
Wallace, V. P. Williamson, Harrison Wilkey,
John Yearwood, John Williams, all on surgeons
certificate of disability. Died — Corporals James
Bruce, January 16. 1847, en route to Tampico.
Mexico, and James Wimberl}- (killed) April
30, 1847, near Jalapa, Mexico. Privates
Jonathan H. Breeze, died December 6. 1846,
in general hospital at Blatamoras ; Moses
Harlow, died October 26, 1846, in hospital at
Matamoras; Joseph Harvey, May 13, 1847,
fell overboard on the way to New Orleans ;
James C. Newby, died August 13, 1846, at
Brazos Santiago,)Texas.

The company left Mount Vernon on the 18th
of June, and marched to Alton, the place of
rendezvous, where the regiments, after they



HISTORY OF JEFFERSON COUNTY



347



were organized and equipped, embariced for
Mexico. They saw hard service during their
term, and were at Vera Cruz, Cerro Gordo, and
in other battles and sliirmishes. At Matamo-
ras, the companj- was divided, a part of it under
Lieut. Casey going to Comargo in charge of a
wagon train, the main part, under Capt. Hiclis,
remaining on guard duty at Matamoras. Lieut.
Casey's squad, after remaining a month at
Comargo, was ordered back to Matamoras to
report to Gen. Taylor. Lieut. Casey, from
failing health resigned here and returned home.
In January, Gen. Taylor marched for Buena
Vista, but Gen. Shield's command, to which the
Mount Vernon troops belonged, was ordered to
report to Gen. Scott at Vera Cruz. After the
surrender of Vera Cruz, the next move was on
Cerro Gordo. In the operations here, they
were actively engaged, and acquitted them-
selves with honor and distinction. Their cour-
age at Cerro Gordo elicited from Gen. Twiggs
the well-merited compliment ; " Well, I never
saw such fellows as you Illinois men are in my
life 1 Here the regulars are broke down and
the horses are all given out, and you darned
ragged rascals pitching around like squirrels,
or something that never get tired and hungry."

After the capture of Jalapa, they remained
in camp on the Puebla road until their term of
service had expired, when they returned home
and were discharged.

The second company was enrolled at Mount
Vernon June 3, 1847, under the President's
second call for troops. The rank and file were
as follows : James Bowman, Captain ; he died
at Jalapa December 28, 1847, and L. H. Powell
became Captain ; Eli D. Anderson was
First Lieutenant ; he died at Vera Cruz Sep-
tember 11, 1847, of yellow fever, and Willis B.
Holder was promoted to First Lieutenant ; he
died at Jalapa January 2, 1848, and James B.
Hinde became First Lieutenant ; H. B. Ncwby,
Jr., Second Lieutenant ; he died at National
Bridge September 16, 1847, of yellow fever.



and J. J. Anderson became Second Lieutenant.
A. H. Cox and Jacob Keller were also pro-
moted to Second Lieutenants. Sergeants —
Jonathan Wells, Gilford D. Connolly, John P.
Newell and Jonathan S. Cook. Corporals^
Edward Bond, Robert R. Ingram, Elias M.
Holmes and William Bullock. Privates — John
Ames, R. C. Anderson, Calvin M. Brown, Will-
iam Cassidy, James Cummins, Richard Chil-
ders, Martin Clark, Thomas D. Crey, Julian
Elee, John B. Green, Caleb Godfrey, Newton

A. Gastin, R. S. Hillhouse, Lewis Johnson
Henderson Kimball, Peter Kaltenbach, A. J.
Kinman, Damon C. Kennedy, Josiah McCor-
mick, Preston McCulloch, William McCassilin,
Thomas Mullen, Aaron Messecher, Martin
McRorgh, James McDonald, Job A. Orton,
James L. Osborne, Welcome Root, John Rose,
Andrew Stephens, Alonzo Soule, Oliver Safford,
Laurence Stull, Jacob Sanders, William A
Thornton, Thomas J. Vance, Isaac Wilson
John D. Watts, Thomas Weymon, Bennett M.
Weldon, Sherman D. Wood and Henry Went-
worth. Died— Sergeant James Mathewson, in
hospital at Vera Cruz October 28, 1847 ; Ser-
geant Benjamin F. Bogan, in hospital at Jalapa,
Mexico, January 11, 1848; Corporal William
0. Cook, in liospital at Jalapa December 2,
1847 ; Corporal Jonathan Reilly, in General
Hospital at New Orleans September 14, 1847.
Privates, died — John Bodine, November 13,
1847, General Hospital at New Orleans ; Mat-
thew Ballard, November 22, 1847, General
Hospital at Vera Cruz ; Hiram Bruce, May 17,
1847, at Puebla; William Cummins, December
18, 1847, in Regimental Hospital, Jalapa ; John
Crooms, February 1, 1848, at Jalapa ; Dillard

B. Caster, January 15, 1848, at Jalapa; Will
iam Clark, December 14, 1847, at Jalapa ;
Isaac Dawson, January 2, 1848, at Jalapa ;
Joseph Dorrell, September 10,1847, in General
Hospital at Vera Cruz ; George W. Dornell,
August 17, 1847, at Jalapa ; James F. Griffith,
December 16, 1847, at Jalapa ; Robert Good-



248



HISTORY OF JEFFERSON COUNTY.



rich, August 28, 1847, in General Hospital at
New Orleans ; John Gilbert, May 4, 1848, in
General Hospital at Puebla ; John A. Jenkins,
September 17, 1847, in General Hospital at
Vera Cruz ; William Knox, April 21, 1848, at
Puebla; John Kfller, January 11, 1848, at
Jalapa ; John Mylett, December 16, 1847, at
Jalapa ; Hiram Leonard, December 2, 1847, at
Jalapa ; Thomas A. Long, November 24, 1847,
at Vera Cruz ; Henry Lawson, December 1,
1347, at New Orleans ; Reuben Light, Decem-
ber 2, 1847, at Jalapa ; Zedick Marlow, De-
cember 1, 1847, at Jalapa ; William R. Maynor,
June 30, 1847, at Carrolton, La., James Mc-
Connell, September 12, 1847, at Camp Bergara,
Mexico ; William N. Moss, August 16, 1847,
at Alton, 111. ; John McLaughlin, April 2, 1848,
at Puebla ; Henry Piper, December 5, 1847, at
Jalapa; William Pierce, October 12, 1847, at
Vera Cruz ; John Redmon, December 29. 1847,
at Jalapa ; William Reynolds, March 5, 1848,
at Jalapa ; William G. Stewart, January 23,
1848, at Jalapa ; John H. Stull, December 20,
1847, at Camp Bergara ; Wright Taylor, May
6, 1848, at New Orleans ; William G. Worley,
September 10, 1847, at Vera Cruz ; Charles
Weston, September 2, 1847, at Camp Bergara ;
Thomas A. White, February 1, 1848, at Jalapa,
and Daniel Wallace, February 15, 1848, at
Jalapa. Discharged — Sergeant Jeremiah Mor-
gan, disabilitj- ; Privates William Baker, Will-
iam C. Brooks, Clinton Brown, Robert Ballard,
Oliver Forward, George W. Green, S. A. Honey,
Arthur Leach, Robert Osborne and John
Vickey for disability. The company was A of
the Second Regiment, commanded by James
Collins, Colonel, Stephen G. Hicks, of Mount
Vernon, Lieutenant Colonel, and Thomas S.
Livingston, Major.

The company proceeded to Alton, and there
on the 26lh of June, 1847, was mustered into
the United States service. Maj. Noah John-
ston, of Mount Vernon, was Paj'master of the
army during the last years of the war, and a



more faithful officer in that important line of
duty never wore the livery of Uncle Sam. The
troops did not leave Alton until the 13th of
August, and on the last day of the month they
arrived at Vera Cruz. They were on active
duty until after the close of the war, though
they were engaged in no hard fighting. On the
2d of June, they were ordered home, and
arrived at Alton July 7, where they were in
due time paid off and discharged.

The Rebellion. — After the close of the Mexi-
can war, for a little more than a decade, we
remained in peace and tranquillity, save an oc-
casional skirmish with the Indians. But war
clouds were gathering, and our political atmos-
phere foreboded the coming storm. No outside
foe or foreign enemy, however, now opposed
us. Internal dissensions were shaking the
countr}' from center to circumference, and it
bade fair to become a " house divided against
itself" In 1860, the storm grew dark and
angry, and at the election of Abraham Lincoln
to the Presidency, and his inauguration in 1861,
it burst in all its fury. It involved us in a
civil war, the magnitude of which the world
had never before seen. When the stars and
stripes were hauled down from the battlements
of Sumter, and the palmetto of the so-called
Confederacj' raised in its stead, it set the coun-
try in a blaze of excitement. Old soldiers who
had fought in the Black Hawk and Mexican
wars came to the front, and scarcelv had the
President made his first call for troops ere the
quota was filled, and many left out who were
clamoring to enlist. JeflTerson County was no
laggard in the path of dutj-, and her patriotism
was equal to any of her sister counties. She



Online LibraryWilliam Henry PerrinHistory of Jefferson County, Illinois → online text (page 31 of 76)