William Henry Perrin.

History of Jefferson County, Illinois online

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the law under Judge Scales, then on the Su-
preme bench. Mr. Anderson was admitted to
the bar in 1857, but owing to failing health re-
sulting from a too close application to study,
he gave up a profession in which he was emi-
nently fitted to shine as an ornament, and be-
took himself to the more humble life of a
farmer. Thus was lost to the legal profession
a man who, had he remained at the bar, would
no doubt have become one of the leading law-
yers of Southern Illinois.

Mr. Anderson soon displayed an interest in
the political affairs of the county, and in 18,i6
was elected Representative in the Lower House
of the State Legislature, and re-elected in 1858.
He took an active part in both sessions, which
were rather stormj', as political controvers3-,
consequent upon the recent organization of the
Republican party, ran high. Such were the
strength and solidity of his abilities that he
won the most honorable position among the
members of those bodies. He introduced a
resolution in the session of 1856 to prohibit
special legislation, and to make all legisl.ation
general, as special legislation had been carried
to such excess as to become a nuisance, and
greatly retard business. He fought it all the
way to the end, but was overpowered at last.
But he could not give it up, and in the Consti-
tutional Convention, some fifteen years later,
lie again brought it up, and succeeded in hav-
ing it engrafted in the new constitution. It
was a sore stroke to Ciiicago. and still rankles



in her people. The onl3- way that Chicago can
now secure special legislation is through a gen-
eral act "applying to counties of 100,000 in-
habitants and upward."

But it is as a soldier, perhaps, that Mr. An-
derson is best fitted for a noble and brilliant
career. It has lieen said " that tiie poet is
born, not made," and to the soldier does the
saying apply with equal truth, as proven by
man}' of our citizen soldiers during the late
civil war. Scores of officers could be enumer-
ated who never saw West Point, and who re-
tired from the army at the close of the rebell-
ion, the equal in militarj" talent and ability oT
any graduate of West Point that ever wore
sword. It is the natural talent for a trade or
profession that qualifies a man to adorn that
trade or profession, and, while education may
the better fit him for them, yet education alone
will not make a mechanic, a lawyer, or a sol-
dier.

lu February, 1862, Mr. Anderson enlisted as
a private soldier in Companj' B, of the Sixtieth
Illinois Volunteer Infantry. But upon the
organization of the regiment, which took place
on the 17th, at Camp DuBois, Illinois, he was
made its Lieutenant Colonel, Silas C. Toler, of
Jonesboro, being Colonel. Col. Toler died
.March 2, 1863, and Lieut. Col. Anderson was
promoted Colonel in his place. March 13,
1865, he was promoted to Brigadier General for
brave and meritorious service, a promotion
more than merited, though long deferred. Un-
fortunately for Gen. Anderson's military pre-
ferment, he was of the wrong political faith,
and unlike some of his brotiier officers from
Southern Illinois, he refused to change his poli-
tics for the sake of official advancement. He
adhered to the principle that " the leopard can-
not change his spots, nor the Ethiopian his
skin " (consistently, at least), and saw frequent
examples of men selling their political opinions
for military rank. Lo3-al to the core, and brave
as a Roman warrior, he was doomed to the hu-



256



HISTORY OF JEFFEKSOX COUNTY.



miliation of witnessing promotion upon promo-
tion over his liead wliolly for political reasons.
And, when, in view of liis long and faithful
service, promotion could no longer be withheld,
it came somewhat grudgingly, or indifferently
rather, much as we might throw a bone to a
dog. The war then, was. in a measure, over,
and tlie hard fighting about through with, and
Gen. Anderson, soon after his promotion as
Brigadier General, resigned, and returned to his
home in Jefferson County.

Gen. Anderson was a brave and efficient
soldier, and seemed born for military service.
That he did not receive his just deserts, is a
shame and a reproach upon the Government he
faithfully served through four lon^ and terri-
ble years. As a Major General, he would have
won a name and a fame equaled by few and
surpassed by none of Illinois' citizen soldiers.
But his political principles, to which was no
doubt added a jealousy of his growing rep-
utation, conceived by other officers, whose
ambition led them to covet his hard-earned
laurels, kept him in the background, while
those less worthy and less qualified rose to
prominence. The language of the late
George D. Prentice seems eminently appro-
priate here :
^ ' ■ The flame

Had fallen, and its high and fitful gleams
Perchance had faded, but the living fires
Still glowed beneath the ashes."

After his return from the army, Gen. An-
derson again entered upon farm life, but in
1869 he was elected to the Constitutional
Convention, and in 1871, upon the death of
Hon. S. K. Casey, he was elected to fill out
his unexpired term in the State Senate. In
1874, he was elected upon the Independent
Greenback ticket to the National Congress,
and in 1876 came within two votes of being
elected to the United States Senate, instead
of Hon. David Davis, and but for a little



private jealousy perhaps would have been
chosen to that honorable position. In 1882,
he was elected County Judge, which position
he now occupies.

Col. George W. Evans, who was mustered
out as the commanding officer of the Sixtieth
Infantiy, was a citizen of Johnson County,
111., at the breaking-out of the war. He
there recruited Company E. of the Sixtieth,
of which he was made Captain. He was
promoted Major of the regiment March 2,
1863, and on the 21st of May following, was
promoted Lieutenant Colonel, in place of
Col. Hess, who had resigned. Upon the res-
ignation of Gen. Anderson, Col. Evans suc-
ceeded to the command of the regiment, and
was promoted to Colonel May 11, 1865, but
never mustered as such. He was mustered
out with the regiment, July 31, 1865, as
Lieutenant Colonel.

Col. Evans was a brave, gallant and faith-
ful soldier. During his whole term of serv-
ice, he never missed a march or a battle in
which his regiment participated. He was in
all the principal battles from Nashville to
the sea. and was at the surrender of Gen.
Joe Johnston, and with his gallant old reg-
iment went to Washington via Richmond,
parti'^ipated in the grand review at Washing-
ton, and was finally mustered out with it at
Louisville, Ky. He then returned to Illi-
nois, and has since been a citizen of Jeffer-
son County.

Company C, of the Sixtieth, in which
Jefferson CounLy was largely represented,
was enrolled with the following commis-
sioned officers : John B. Moss, Captain ;
Thomas J. Rhodes, First Lieutenant, and
Mark Hailes, Second Lieutenant. Capt.
Moss resigned December 19, 1862, and Sim-
eon Walker was promoted to the vacancy.
His term expired March U, 1865, and John
B. Allen was promoted Captain, but de-



HISTORY OF JEFFERSON COUNTY.



257



clined the commission, and resigned as First
Lieutenant, April 5, 1865, -when Francis L.
Ferguson was promoted Captain, and as such
was mustered out with the regiment, July 31,
1865. First Lieut. Rhodes was promoted to
Captain of Company A, and Mark Hailes be-
came First Lieutenant. December 20, 1862,
John R. Allen succeeded him as First Lieu-
tenant, and upon his resignation Francis L.
Ferguson becames First and was promoted
Captain, when James H. Guthrie was pro-
moted First Lieutenant, and was mustered
out with the regiment. Second Lieut. Mark
Hailes was promoted, and Simeon Walker
became Second ; he also was promoted and
was succeeded as Second by John Tweedy,
who resigned January 25, 1864, and Edward
A. Patterson was promoted to Second Lieu-
tenant, but mustered out with the regiment
as Sergeant.

Company D, which contained some forty
odd men from this county, went into the
service with the following commissioned ofiS-
cers : Alfred Davis, of McLeansboro,
Captain ; Edmund D. Choisser, of Moores-
ville, First Lieutenant, and James Stull,
Second Lieutenant. Capt. Davis resigned,
and was succeeded by Capt. L. S. Wilbanks,
who also resigned, and was succeeded by
John B. Coleman. CajJt. Coleman was killed
July 26, 1864, during the Atlanta compaign.
Green S. Stuart then became Captain, re-
signed, and William H. Thorp was pro-
moted Captain and mustered out with the
regiment. First Lieut. Choisser resigned,
and was succeeded by Lieut. Coleman, who,
upon promotion, was succeeded by Anozi
Kuiffen. Lieut Knififen was killed May 12,
1864, and Green W. Stewart became First
Lieutenant, who was promoted, and suc-
ceeded as First by William H. Thorpe ; he
was also promoted and Eli Webb became
First Lieutenant. Second Lieut. Stull re-



I



signed and Anozi Kniffen was promoted in
his stead, and upon his own promotion was
succeeded by Alfred Kniffin, who resigned
January 9, 1864, and was succeeded by M.
W. Smith, who was mustered out with the
regiment.

Company G also contained a number of
Jefferson County men, and the following com-
missioned officers from the county: Jehu J.
Maxey, the First Lieutenant and the second
Captain of the company; Cornelius N. Breeze,
the second First Lieutenant, and E. H. Red-
burn the third Second Lieutenant of the com-
pany; while Company I also contained men
from the county, and the following com-
missioned officers: John Frizell, the first
Captain, Asa Hawkins, the secoud Second and
the second First Lieutenant, and John W.
Moses, the third and John A. Johnson the
foui'th Second Lieutenants of the company.

The Sixtieth Infantry was organized at
Camp Du Bois February 17, 1862, and
mustered into the United States service. On
the 22d, it was ordered to Cairo, and March
14 it moved to Island No. 10. After the
surrender of that place, it returned to Co-
lumbus, Ky., and afterward to Cairo. It was
ordered to the Tennessee River on the 7th of
May, and on the 12th arrived at Hamburg
Landing, where it was assigned to the Sec-
ond Brigade, First Division, Army of the Mis-
sissippi, Col. Charles M. Lynn of Michigan
commanding the brigade. The Sixtieth was
engaged in the siege of Corinth, and was a
part of the force that pursued the enemy
beyond Booneville, Miss. July 21, it was
ordered to Tuscumbia, Ala., thence to Nash-
ville, where it arrived September 12, and
where it remained during the siege. On the
7th of November it was engaged in repelling
an attack on Edgefield, made by Gen. Mor-
gan. December 12, it was transferred to
the Second Brigade, Third Division, Foiirth



258



HISTORY OF JEFFERSON COUNTY.



Army Corps, and on the 5th of January, 1863,
it had a skirmish with Wheeler's cavalry,
between Nashville and Miirfreesboro, in
which the latter were repulsed. After the
battle of Murfreesboro, the Sixtieth returned
to Nashville, and on the 2d of March Col.
Toler died, and Lieut. Col. Anderson suc-
ceeded to the command. July 20, the regi-
ment moved to Murfreesboro, and August 26
it proceeded via Columbia, Athens, Huntsville
and Stevenson, to Dallas, Tex., where it
arrived the 12th of November. Here the
Sixtieth was assigned to the First Brigade,
Second Division and Fourteenth Army Corps,
and participated in the battle of Chattanooga
and took part in the memorable march to
Knoxville. Ragged and footsore, the tat-
tered regiment returned to ChattaQOoara,
arriving December 24, and going into winter
quarters at Rossville. February 22, 1864,
about three fourths of the regiment re en-
listed, and on the 26th took part in the
reconnoissance toward Dalton, Ga., which
resulted in the battle of Buzzard Roost. In
this battle the Sixtieth suffered severely,
forty-two being killed and wounded. On
the 6th of March, the regiment, or the veterans
of it, was sent home to Illinois on furlough.
When its veteran furlough had expired, the
regiment returned to the iield via Louisville,
Nashville and Chattanooga to Rossville.
The Atlanta campaign commenced on the 2d
of May, and the Sixtieth bore an honorable
part in those stirring times. It participated
in the battles of Ringgold, Dalton, Resaca,
Rome, Dallas, New Hope Church, Kenesaw
Mountain, Nickajack, Peach Tree Creek,
Atlanta and Jonesboro. For its brave and
gallant conduct at Jonesboro, September 1,
the regiment received the highest praise, of
both the division and corps commanders.
It remained in camp at Atlanta until Sep-
tember 29, when it moved to Florence, and



October 10 it proceeded to Chattanooga. On
the 18th it marched from La Fayette, Ga., to
Gdtesville, and from thence to Atlanta.
It took part in the famous march to the sea,
and was in many ot the battles and skir-
mishes of that hard campaign, that at Ben-
tonville, March 19, 1865, being as severe as
any in which the regiment was engaged dur-
ing its long service. At one time, it was
surrounded on all sides, but behaved gallant-
ly, and finally extricated itself and escaped
capture. April 10, it moved to Raleigh, N.
C, and remained there until after the sur-
render of Gen. Joe Johnston, when it pro-
ceeded to Richmond, the quondam confederate
capitol, and from thence to Washington,
where, on the 14th of May, it participated
in the grand review.

The war was now ended, and the boys
were eager to exchange the sword for the
plow. On the 12th of June the regiment
was ordered to Louisville, Ky., where it
performed provost guard duty until July 21,
when it was mustered out of the United
States service. It then proceded to Camp
Butler, 111., wheve it received final payment
and discharge.

The Eightieth Infantry is the next regi-
ment in which the county was rej^resented.
Company E was a Jefferson Coanty company,
while Company H contained some Jefferson
County men. Comjaany E was enrolled with
the following commissioned officers: Stephen
T. Stratton, Captain; Newton C. Pace, First
Lieutenant; and Charles W. Pavey, Second
Lieatenant. Capt. Stratton resigned De-
cember 22. 1862, and was succeeded by
Lieutenant Pace, who was honorably dis-
charged May 15, 1865. Lieutenant Pavey
was promoted to Captain, but was absent on
detached duty at the muster out of the regi-
ment. He is now Collector of Internal Rev-
enue for this district. William Randall was




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263



HISTORY OF JEFFERSON COUNTY.



ing and Bhoes. January 27, 1864, it broke
camp and moved to Blue Springs, via Chat-
tanooga, Cleveland and Charleston. It was
engaged in the Atlanta campaign, and par-
ticipated in the battles of Dalton, Resaca,
Adairsville, Cassville, Dallas, Pine Mountain,
Kenesaw Mountain, Marietta, Peach Tree
Creek, Atlanta, Jonesboro and Lovejoy Sta-
tion. During this stirring campaign, the
Sixtieth lost twenty-five killed, and sixty
wounded. It pursued Hood in his long re-
treat, and December 15 and 16 took part
in the battle of Nashville, where it behaved
with great gallantry. On the 5th of January,
1865, it arrived at Huntsville, Ala., where
Maj. Bates, who had returned from captivity,
assumed command of the regiment. The
remainder of its service was in marching and
skirmishing, and Jane 10, 1865, its term of
service having expired, it was mustered out
of service, and sent home to Camp Butler for
final discharge. During its term of service,
the Sixtieth traveled over 6.000 miles,
and took part in more than twenty bat-
tles. Only four of the captured officers
ever)' returned to the regiment.

The One Hundred and Tenth Infantry also
contained a company from Jeiferson County,
together with its first Colonel, Thomas S.
Casey; its Quartermaster, Thomas H. Hobbs;
and its First Assistant Sargeon. Hiram S.
Phimmer. Sketches of Col. Casey and Dr.
Plummer will be found in other chapters of
this work. Company B, the company from
this county, had for its commissioned officers
the following: Charles H. Maxey, Captain;
Samuel T. Maxey, First Lieutenant; and John
H. Dukes, Second Lieutenant. Capt. Maxey
resigned March 22, 1863, and was succeeded
by Lieut. Maxey, who was mustered out
under the consolidation of the regiment.
Lieut. Dukes was promoted to First Lieu-
tenant, and transferred to Company A, under



the consolidation, and promoted to Captain,
and as such mustered out with the regiment
at the close of its term of service. Thomas
J. Maxey was promoted to Second Lieuten-
ant March 22, 1863, and transferred to Com-
pany A, under the consolidation.

On the 8th of May, the One Hundred and
Tenth was consolidated, by reducing the regi-
ment to a battalion of four companies, under
the following special field order: "Maj. Gen.
Palmer, commanding Second Division, Twen-
ty-fu'st Army Corps, will cause the consoli-
dation of the One Hundred and Tenth Regi-
ment Illinois Volunteers, under the instruc-
tions contained in General Order No. 86,
War Department, current series. The officers
to be retained in the service to be selected by
him. The Assistant Commissary of Musters,
Second Division, Twenty-first Army Corps,
will muster out of service all officers rendered
supernumerary by the consolidation. By com-
mand of Maj. Gen. Rosecrans." Under the
consolidation, Col. Casey, Quartermaster
Hobbs and Surgeon Plummer were mustered
out of service, and the battalion given in
command of Lieut. Col. Crawford, who after-
ward resigned. E. B. Topping, of Spring-
field, was promoted Lieutenant Colonel, and
remained in command of the battalion until
the close of its term of service.

So far as we have been able to obtain in-
formation, this completes the sketch of those
regiments in which the county was repre-
sented by commissioned officers or an organ-
ized tiody of men. Many men, however,
from Jeflerson County served iu the late wai',
besides those belonging to the regiments we
have described. In nearly every regiment
recruited in Southern -Illinois, Jeiferson
County was represented with more or less of
enlisted men, while they were even found
scattered through more than one Indiana.
Missouri and Kentucky regiment A clo-e



HISTORY OF JEFFERSON COUNTY.



263



perusal of the history of the Black Hawk
and Mexican wars, and the rebellion, will
tell the story of Jefferson County, and of
Illinois soldiers generally. A hundred bat-
tle-fields attest their bravery in the late civil
war. and their depleted ranks, as the broken
regiments struggled homeward, disclosed the
sad evidence that they had met foes aa brave
as themselves. Many who went out came not
back, but sleep in peace — now that their bat-
tles are ended — in the unknown graves where
they fell. Requiescat in pace!

A few words of tribute, in conclusion of
this chapter, are due to the noble women
whose zeal and patriotism were as pure and as
strong as those who bore the brunt of the bat-
tle. They could not shoulder their guns and
march in the ranks, but they were no idle
spectators of the struggle. How often was
the soldier's heart encouraged; how often his
right arm made stronger to strike for his
country by the cheering words of patriotic,
hopeful women! And how of ten the poor lad
upon whom disease had fastened, was made
to thank devoted women for their ceaseless
and untiring exertions in collecting and
sending stores for the comfort of the sick
and wounded. A war correspondent paid
them the following merited tribute: " While



soldiers of every grade and color are receiving
the eulogies and encomiums of a grateful
people, patient, forbearing woman is forgot-
ten. The scar-worn veteran is welcomed
with honor to home. The recruit, the col-
ored soldier, and even the hundred days'
men receive the plaudits of the nation. But
not one word is said of that patriotic wid-
owed mother, who sent, with a mother's bless-
ing on his head, her only son, the staff and
support of her declining years, to battle for
his country. The press says not one word of
the patriotism, of the sacrifices of the wife,
sister or daughter, who, with streaming eyes
and almost broken heart, said to husbands,
brothers, fathers, ' Much as we love you, we
cannot bid you stay with us when our coun-
try needs you,' and with Spartan heroism
they bade them go and wipe out the insixlt
offered to the star-spangled banner, and to
preserve unsullied this union of States. "

Brave, noble, generous women! your deeds
deserve to be written i q letters of shining gold.
Your gentle ministrations to the unfortunate,
and your loving kindness to the poor, war-
worn soldiers will never be forgotten while
one soldier lives; and your noble self-sacri-
ficing devotion to your country will live,
bright and imperishable as Austerlitz's sun.




264



HISTORY OF JEFFERSON COUNTY.



CHAPTER XIII,



ODDS AND ENDS— DE OMNIBUS REBUS ET QUIBUSDAM ALUS— A BRIEF RETROSPECTION— MILLERS
AND MILLS— BLACKSMITHS AND OTHER MECHANICS— BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, DEATHS—
A BATCH OF INCIDENTS— BUCK CASEY PLAYING BULL CALF— DONNY-
BROOK FIGHTS— FOREST FIRES— A RUNAWAY NEGRO— COUN-
TERFEITING— THE POOR FARM, ETC.. ETC., ETC.



"It is not now as it hath been of yore."

— Wordsworth.

"VXT^E have followed the history of Jeffer-
V V son County from the period of its
occupation by the aboriginal tribes down to
the present, and may now take time to look
back and to stop and breathe. When the
county was formed —nearly sixty-five years
ago — it was a wild waste, with only here
and there meager settlements of hardy pio-
neers, but few of whom are now living to
tell over the strange story of their early lives
in the wilderness. They have passed away
in their day and generation, and the very
few who have come down to us from a former
era have forgotten and forgiven the early
hardships that encompassed them, and re-
member only the wild freedom and joys of
their eager childhood. "We look back over
the departed years and see a wilderness, un-
inhabited by white people, its solitudes un-
broken by a sound of civilization. We look
around us to-day and what do we see? The
red man is gone, and has left nothing behind
him but fading traditions. The verdant
wastes of Jefferson County have disappeared,
and where erst was heard the dismal howling
of the wolf, or the far-off screech of the hun-
gry panther, are now productive fields, cov-
ered with flocks and herds and with growing
grain. Rapid as have been the changes in

•By W. H. Peiiin.



this section, Jefiferson is only well upon her
course. The energies which have made the
present will not falter, for

" Lo! our land is like an eagle, whose young gaze
Feeds on the noontide beam, whose golden
plumes
Float moveless on the storm, and, in the blaze
Of sunrise, gleams when earth is wrapped in
gloom."

In our sketch of the county, we have touched
upon most of the principal facts connected
with it of a historical character. By
way of conclusion of the general history, we
design, in this chapter (composed of the
odds and ends) to gather up the scattered
threads and weave them into a kind of vale-
dictory to the first part of the volume. A
few items and incidents have been over-
looked and omitted in the preceding pages,
and these we shall group together in this
chapter.

The rifle and the fish hook antedated the
grater and the stump mills among the very
earliest settlers in supplying food. The first
famines that occurred among the people
were caused by the lack of salt, notwith-
standing the close proximity of the Saline,
as they could make bread of meat by using
their lean meat for bread and the fat for
meat when driven to it. Mr. Johnson says
that bear meat was used for bread and the
venison for meat. The question of bread



HISTORY OF JEFFERSON COUNTY.



Online LibraryWilliam Henry PerrinHistory of Jefferson County, Illinois → online text (page 33 of 76)