William Henry Perrin.

History of Jefferson County, Illinois online

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school. His father, Silas Downer, was a native
of New Hampshire. The mother of our sub-
ject, Sarah Neal. was born in Vermont ; she
died in this county. She was a daughter of
Walter Neal, a native of Vermont, and was the j
mother of nine children. Our subject went to \
the schools in this county before the free-school '
s3-stem. He has been a farmer all his life,
owning now a farm of 130 acres. Our subject
was married in this county to Sarah F. Brad-
ley, born August 13, 1834, in Oiiio. daughter
of Joseph and Mary (Van Cleve) Bradley, he a
native of Delaware and she a native of New
York. Mrs. Downer is the mother of nine
children, viz. ; Mary and Martha, deceased ;
Oscar M., who married Anna Maltby ; 0.
O., Amy B., Lydia M., Willie B., John
F. and Eunice. Mr. and Mrs. Downer are
religiously connected with the M. E. Church.
In politics he has been Democratic, but during
the last few j'ears he has been rather inde-
pendent. Mr. Downer has been the Collector
for three years, and is now the School Treas-
urer.

JOHN W. ESTES, farmer, P. 0. Mount
Vernon, was born January 4, 1837, son of
James Estes, born 1809, in Tennessee, a farmer,
who came to this county when a young man,
and died here in 1872 ; his father, Absalom
Estes, died here also. The mother of our sub-
ject. Temperance (McBrian) Estes, came from
Middle Tennessee. She died in 1871. leaving
three children, viz. ; John W., Mary C. Daven-
port, deceased, and James A. Our subject was
educated in the common schools in this town-
ship, and here he married Miss Susannah B.
Lynch, born November 17, 1838, in Jackson
County, 111., daughter of Marmaduke B. and
Sarah A. (Wolsey) Lynch, natives of Tennessee.
Six children now living are the result of this
happy union — Rosella F. Jones, born October



27, 1858 ; Anna E., born December 11, 1860;
James M. W., born December 19, 1862 ; John
E. L., born November 18. 1864 ; George E.,
born April 7, 1869 ; Charles R., born August
16, 1871. Our subject served in One Hundred
and Thirty-second New York Regiment, and
also the Fiftieth Illinois Regiment ; served till
the close of the war. He has a farm here of
eighty acres. He was the first Constable, was
also Township Clerk and Assessor. In poli-
tics, he is an Anti-monopolist man.

ISAAC GARRISON, farmer, P. 0. Mount
Vernon. This gentleman is one of that good
old class of settlers who have made their way
in the world amid privations and hardships that
would discourage the most of our young peo-
ple of the present day. He started with noth-
ing, and is to-day classed among our well-to-do
farmers. He was born January 16, 1814, in
Smith County. Tenn.. His father, David Gar-
rison, who is well known to the old pioneers as
the owner of a horse mill east of Mount Vernon,
was a native of North Carolina, and his father,
Moses Garrison, was also a native of that State.
The mother of our subject, Elizabeth (Newby)
Garrison, was a native of Tennessee. She and
her husband died in this county. She was the
mother of twelve children, of whom four were
twins. Of the children, only three are living,
viz.: Rebecca Bridges, Mary Vaughn and our
subject, who helped his father in his early life
a great deal, and whose earl}' career is remark-
able for his privations, perseverance and final
success. He never went to school, but learned
to read and write from his first wife, Margaret
Elder, who was the mother of seven children,
viz,: William C. James W., Elizabeth Ackerson
! and Rebecca Jones, living, and Dr. David Gar-
rison, Nancy and Azariah, deceased. His sec-
1 ond wife was Mrs. Margaret Davis, daughter of
James Murry. and the mother of Laura and
Mary Jackson, both deceased. His third wife
was Mrs. Elmyra Estes, daughter of Henry
Goodridge, and the mother of Isaac Newton,



DODDS TOWNSHIP.



91



deceased. Our subject's present wife was
Mrs. Mar}' A. Beasley, daughter of Andrew and
Mary (McFall) Clark, both natives of Virginia.
Mrs. Garrison was born December 23, 1826, in
Smith County, Tenn. Mr. and Mrs. Garrison
are connected with the Baptist Church. He
has now nearly 600 acres of good land, which,
though he is almost seventy 3'ears old, he over-
sees. He is now a well-to-do man, and has
helped all his children in life, who are all well
to do. In politics, he has been a Democrat.
He has split rails for 25 cents per hundred, and
worked for $8 per month, being hired out by
his father, whom he had helped a great deal in
after life. He came here lirst in 1830, and af-
ter one year he went to Gallatin Count}', 111.,
where he first worked the farm of his uncle, and
lived in the county twenty years, returning to
this county in 1853. While in Gallatin Coun-
ty, he was Captain of the militia for seven
years.

WILLIAM C. GARRISON, farmer, P. 0.
Mount Vernon. This gentleman, who may
properly be classed among our thriftiest and
well-to-do farmers who are mainly self-made
men, without whom no count}' can be properly
developed, and who are the main stays in all
moral, financial and religious matters, was born
September 7, 1834, in Saline County, 111. His
father, Isaac Garrison, was born January 16,
1 814, in Smith County, Tenn. He is yet a farm-
er in this county, to which he came in 1829;
his father, David Garrison, was a native of
North Carolina. Our subject was educated in
Southern Illinois, but is principally self-educat-
ed. He came here with his father, and has
been identified with the county ever since, fol
lowing farming mainly. In 1862, he was ap-
pointed Deputy Sheriff by Sheriff J. B. Good-
rich, serving two years. He filled the oflSces of
Township Assessor and Supervisor twice, to
the entire satisfaction of the people. He has a
farm of 220 acres with good improvements and
well watered. In politics, he was formerly con-



nected with the Democratic party, but of late
years he has been identified with the Greenback
and Republican parties. Our subject was
joined in matrimony, April 26, 1866, in this
county, to Mrs. Mary J. Noel, born February
23, 1839, in Gallatin County, 111. She was a
daughter of George and Hannah (Pollard) Mills,
he a native of New York, she a native of York-
shire, England, and yet living, the mother of
seven children. Mr. and Mrs. Garrison have
been blessed with four children, viz.: Jennie,
born July 4, 1867; William E., born February
3, 1870; John C, born December 15, 1871;
James E., born June 5, 1874 ; and she is also
mother of Johnctte Noel, born April 11, 1858,
daughter of her first husband, John Noel. Mrs.
Garrison is a member of the Baptist Church.

J. W. GARRISON, ftirmer, P. 0. Mount
Vernon, was born June 21, 1839, in Saline
County, III, son of Isaac and Margaret Garri-
son, old settlers, who are mentioned elsewhere.
Our subject went to school in our old-fashioned
subscription schools in Southern Illinois. He
came to this county with his parents, and has
been a farmer all his life. He now owns 310
acres of land in this county. In 1862, he
joined the army, enlisting in the One Hundred
and Tenth Regiment Illinois Volunteers, Com-
pany G ; he served till the close of the war,
and was mustered out at Washington, D. C.
He participated in different engagements, and
after the war again went to farming. He was
married twice. His first wife, Nancy J. Vaughn,
was born and died in this county ; his second
wife, Lydia Hughes, was born August 8, 1850,
in Athens County, Ohio. She is a daughter of
Cyrus S. and Louisa E. (Dye) Hughes, and is
the mother of four children, viz., Louisa May,
born September 23, 187^; Ora E., July 17,
1878; Cyrus I., February 23, 1880 ; and Lee
Ann, February 4, 1882. Our subject is iden-
tified with the Greenback party, favoring the
anti-monopoly movement.

SAMUEL GIBSON, farmer, P. O. Mount



92



BIOGRAPHICAL:



Vernon, was bora October 23, 1827, in the
southeastern part of Ohio, son of James Gib-
son, a native of County Tyrone, Ireland. James
was a farmer, and came to this county before
the war, and died here. His father, Thomas
Gibson, was also a native of Ireland. The
mother of our subject, Mary (Gourley) Gibson,
was a native of Ireland, and died in this coun-
ty. She was the mother of eight children.
Our subject received his education in the com-
mon schools of Ohio, but is mainly self-edu-
cated, especially in latter years. He learned
the blacksmith trade in Zanesville, Ohio. In
1849, he came to this county, following his
trade in Mount Vernon when it was a small
village ; in 1854, he bought 160 acres of land,
farmed on it several years, and then returned
to Mount Vernon. In 1861, he again moved
on to his farm, and the next year entered the
armv as First Lieutenant in the One Hundred
and Tenth Regiment Illinois Volunteers, Com-
pany G ; the following year he resigned on ac-
count of sickness. Since then he has farmed,
and served the people in the capacity of Jus-
tice of the Peace for about twelve years, filling
the office to the present day. He has also
filled minor offices, and in politics is independ-
ent, voting for the best man. He has now 460
acres of land in this county, besides town
property. He was married, November 30,
1851, in Mount Vernon, to Miss Angeline New-
by, born July 10, 1835, in Illinois, daughter
of Hezekiah B. and Nancy (Brown) Newby.old
settlers, and highly respected people. This
union resulted in ten children now living — Au-
gustus, Mary I., John E., Oscar N., Thomas
0., Adela. William E., Samuel A.. Nancy E.
and Walter. Mr. and Mrs. Gibson are mem-
bers of the Presbyterian Church, of which he
is an Elder ; he is also a member of the I. 0.
O. F., Marion Lodge, No. 13, Mount Vernon, 111.
JOHN A. JOHNSON, farmer, P. O. Mount
Vernon. This gentleman, who is one of our most
energetic and enterprising farmers, is well de-



serving a place in the history of Jefferson Coun-
ty. He was born April 19, 1842, in Tennessee.
He came to this county with his parents when he
was quite young. He has been a tiller of the
soil all his life, and now owns about 300 acres
of land in this township. He was joined in mat-
rimony to Miss Margaret C. Daniel, born Novem-
ber 16. 1846, in this county. She is a daugh-
ter of Jacob and Emeline (Scott) Daniel, natives
of Kentucky. Mrs. Johnson is well worthy
the esteem and confidence with which she is re-
garded everywhere. She is the mother of six
children, viz.: Lillian Z., Vernadell, Laura B.,
A. Floyd, Gustavus and Virgil. Mr. Johnson
is no aspirant for public office and in political
matters he has been identified with the Repub-
lican party.

JAMES WILLIAM LINDSEY, engineer,
Opdj'ke. This gentleman is a native of Ross
County, Ohio, where he was born December 29,
1831, son of Abraham Lindsey. a native of
Ohio. The mother of our subject, Nancy Ban-
nOn Lindsey, was a native of Delaware, and
the mother of one son, our subject, who was
educated in Ohio, where he also learned the
engineering with his uncle. Sims Davenport.
He was joined in matrimony in Columbus,
Ohio, December 23, 1854 to Miss Catharine
Freck, born November 8, 1833, in Wurtemberg,
Germany, daughter of Tilman and Fannie
(Harmon) Freck, both natives of Germany. This
union was blessed with the following children:
Mary I., wife of William Snider; Alice P., wife
of Jeptha Jones; Emma L., wife of Owen M.
Smith; Charles F.. born May 1, 1863; Nancy E.,
born May 20. 1866; Catharine U , born June 26,
1868; Frank B., born January 14, 1871; Albert
R., January 8, 1875; John W., January 17,
1877. Mr. Lindsey came to this county in the
fall of 1877. He owns 196 acres of land, but at
times follows his trade as engineer. In poli-
tics, he is a Republican.

S. T. PACE, farmer, P. 0. Mount Vernon,
was born August 4, 1833, son of Joseph Pace.



DODDS TOWNSHIP.



98



The subject of this brief slietch is one of Jeflfer-
soii County's most unassuming but worthy citi-
zens. He has made farming his chief occupa-
tion and now owns GOO acres of hind near
Mount Vernon. In tlie fall of 18G1, he enlisted
in the Sixtieth Regiment Illinois "Volunteer In-
fantry, Company I. He served three years, par-
ticipating in many thrilling scenes and famous
battles, among others those of Missiou Ridge,
Kenesaw Mountain and Peach Tree Creek,
losing his right arm at Jonesboro, near Atlanta.
After the war, he returned home and again
turned his attention to farming. In politics, he
has been identified witii the Republican party.
CORNELIUS PEERY, farmer, P. O. Mount
Vernon, was born June 0, 1808, in Tazewell
County, Va. His father, James M. Peery, was
a native of Virginia, and also a farmer ; he
died in Perry County, 111. His father, Jolin
Peery, came from Ireland. The mother of our
subject, Phoebe Pickens, was a native of Vir-
ginia, and the mother of eleven children ; her
parents, Thomas and Sarah (Brown) Pickens,
were also natives of Virginia. Our subject was
educated in Kentucky. He came to Washing-
ton County, 111., in 1833 ; he commenced farm
ing there, and in 1867 he came to this county.
He was married more than once. His first
wife, llhoda B. Ayers, was born in St. Clair
County ; she died in Washington County, 111.
His second wife, Mrs. Polly Gore, is a daughtei
of Richard Hull. She is the mother of seven
children, viz., James M. Gore, Escalana Gore,
George M. (deceased, aged one year and six-
teen days), Jonathan A., Richard A. (a law stu-
dent in Belleville, 111.), Mary M. (deceased) and
Martha N. Gibson. Our subject began life with
nothing to speak of, and is to-day classed
among our well-to-do men in this county. In
politics, he has been identified with the Demo-
cratic party.

SILAS ROGERS, farmer, P. O. -Mount Ver
non, was born November 8, 1845, in this coun-
tv. His father, William A. Rogers, was a



native of Tennessee ; he came here in an early
day, and died January 1, 187-1, his father,
Abraham Rogers, being also a native of Ten-
nessee. The mother of our subject, Amanda
A. Pace, a native of Kentucky, was a daughter
of John M. Pace, and is the mother of ten chil-
dren. Our subject was educated here. He
was joined in matrimony, January 11, 1883, in
Brighton, Macoupin Co., 111., to Miss Mollie
McKenny, born January 25, 1860, in Union
County, Ky., daughter of John B. and Mary
(Church) McKenny, natives of Kentucky. Mrs.
Rogers is a member of the Methodist Episcopal
Church. In politics, Mr. Rogers is a Democrat.
JOHN TIPTON, fapner, P. 0. Opdyke, was
born January 9, 1838, in Knox County, East
Tennessee, son of Isaac Tipton, a native of
East Tennessee, where he yet resides. The
mother of our subject, Dama Tipton, was a na-
tive of East Tennessee, where she died. Our
subject has been a farmer all his life. He came
to this county in 1860, and the next year he
joined the Union army. Forty-fourth Illinois
Volunteers, Company I, serving till the close
of the war. He participated in many thrilling
scenes and battles, among others that of Pea
Ridge, Stone River, Chickamauga, Mission
Ridge, Strawberry Plains, Nashville, Atlanta,
and many minor engagements. He was only
about one week away from his command dur-
ing his entire term of service. After the war,
he came back to JeflTcrson County, where he
married Anna Bates, who died after giving
birth to four children, viz., Eva (deceased), Em-
ma. Lucinda, Lotta (deceased).* His secoud
wife, Mary Ann Presly, was born in North
Carolina. She is the mother of two children
now living, viz., James and Mima. Mr. Tipton
is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church.
He has a farm of 2-10 acres of land. In poli-
tics, he is a Republican. Mr. Tipton is a self-
made man in every respect. His great-grand-
father, Billy Tipton, was a soldier in the Revo-
lutionary war, being shot through the body,



94



BIOGRAPHICAL.



and his son, Jacob Tipton, was a soldier in the
Mexican war.

JAMES T. WOLF, coppersmith, Mount
Vernon, was born Januarj- 23, 1853, in
St. Louis, Mo. His father, Abraham D. Wolf,
is a native of Penns^-lvania. His career in
life has been a checkered but a ver3- honora-
ble one. He came West long before Horace
Greelej- gave his advice on the subject, and has
been one of the pioneer boatmen of the Western
waters. He started as a ship carpenter, but,
through his own exertion and perseverance, he
worked his way up to mate, pilot and Captain,
acting in the latter capacities almost thirty-five



years. He is yet living on his farm of 320
acres. The mother of our subject, Virginia
Sexton AVolf, is a native of Virginia. Her par-
ents, John and Pha3l)e Sexton, were also na-
tives of Virginia. Mrs. Virginia Wolf is the
mother of nine children, of whom four are now
living, viz., James, George R., Fannie W. (Mc-
Knight), and Phoebe S. Our subject was edu-
cated in St. Louis, Mo., where he also learned
and followed the coppersmith trade. Li No-
vember, 1876, he came to this countj' with his
parents and here he has followed his trade part
of the time. In politics, he is identified with
the Democratic party.



BLISSYILLE TOWNSHIP.



JESSE^A. DEES, farmer, P. O. Laur. A
life of nearly fourscore years; launched upon
its tempestuous sea in circumstances poor and
lonely; hardships, trials, temptations on every
hand; peace and rest unknown; but he struggles,
the tide turns gradually in his favor, he slips,
falls back, only to strive again; time and perse-
verance are not to be baflSed; obstacles the
most formidable are grappled with at every step,
but to his matchless energy they succumb, and
are consigned to the rear ; onward he strides,
the land of peace and plenty is in sight; he is
there, the goal of his highest ambition is at
last reached, and as he turns and glances back-
ward o'er the rugged pathway' he has trod, can
it be other than with commingled feelings of
just pride and honor. Such is a circumstautial
outline of the lives of mau}' of our great and
noble men, and it is strikingly applicable to
that of the worthy subject of this sketch, the
necessary brevity of which compels us to do
him but meager justice. Jesse A. Dees was
born June 11, 1808, Abbeyville District, South
Carolina, being the place of his birth. His
father was Robert Gillam, and his mother Na-



omi Dees, whose name our subject retained.
He lived with her until becoming of age, she
having in the meantime married Lewis Green,
by whom she had one child. His advantages
of an early education being extremely deficient,
and his mother's circumstances poor, our youth
was compelled to rel_v wholly upon his own re-
sources to obtain the four-and-a-half months
schooling, which was all that he ever received.
This he paid for by setting bait for bee-trees,
and finding two of the latter, he disposed of the
honey secured to a Catholic seminary, at $1
per gallon, and was thus enabled to proudl}-
defray the expenses which his limited course of
study had incurred. This was in Perry County,
Mo., whence his step-father had removed, after
living awhile in Arkansas and still previousl}-
in Jefferson County, 111., having first come here
during the close of the year 1824. Our subject
was hired out by his step-father, and afterward
worked out on his own account. He went to
St. Louis in his twent3 - first j'ear, and was there
various!}' engaged for about six months. He
carried a hod to the fourth story of the court
house, then in course of construction, dug eel-



BLISSVILLE TOWNSHIP.



05



lars, labored on the wharves, and worked at
anything his eager hands could find to do. He
returned to this county, and with his hard-
earned savings built a little house, opened a
little farm, and last, though not least, married
a good little wife, and thus he commenced the
journey of life, with fair winds and a clear
head. His liappy affianced was Naomi Booth,
born March 4, 1809. She is still living, and the
venerable couple have long since celebrated the
golden anniversary of their wedded life. Hav-
ing no children of their own, they have raised
several during their life, most of whom have
grown up and started out for themselves. Mr.
Dees has farm property to the extent of 1,400
acres of selected land, all in this county, four or
five hundred of which constitute the home place,
on which he had moved in the spring of 1 837. In
1871, he erected a handsome and commodious
residence, the finest, perhaps, in the surrounding
country. During his life, he has engaged in
farming in its various. branches, and has given
particular attention to stock, having at times
large herds of cattle and mules, and at present
has a herd of sixty of the latter. Mr. Dees is a
member of the A. F. & A. M., Clay Lodge, No.
152, being also a Royal Arch Mason. He has
tilled most of the offices of his township, and
for many years has served as President of the
County Agricultural Society, and is a present
stockholder therein. Politically, he is a Demo-
crat of the Jacksonian school, but his votes
have repeatedlj' shown that he strives to secure
the services of an honest man, be his political
faith what it may. We have now given the
record dates in the life of Mr. Dees, and as
these mark the different periods therein, they
but feebly portray the many vicissitudes t hrough
which he has passed. Being born to a poor
mother, whose humble circumstances permitted
her to do but little for her child, he was thus
thrown upon his own resources, and the in-
genuity and energy which he displayed in his
endeavors to secure means to pay for an early



schooling . and to obtain a start in life, devel-
oped traits in his character upon which a solid
foundation could rest. He was virtually his
own educator, his own genius was his teacher,
and he was likewise the architect of his own
fortune, for he never inherited a dollar. His
life was at first varied. He was a great lover
of the cha.se, and many bear, and hundreds of
deer have succumbed to his unerring aim. Still
hale and hearty, Mr. Dees and his noble wife
have, apparently, j'ears yet to live, and as they
go down in the evening of life, the blessings
and well-wishes accompany them of the com-
munity in whose midst they have lived and
toiled for so many years.

ELI PAIRCHILD, f^u-mer, P. 0. Laur. is a
native of Wabash County, Ind., born Decem-
ber 11, 1829. to Erastus and Elizabeth (Gid-.
dings) Fairchild, he of New York and she of
England. The fivther was a farmer. He
moved to Ohio, then to Indiana, where Eli was
born, and afterward back again to Ohio. He
came to Jefferson County in 1839, and located
in Blissville Township, but removed again to
Bond County, 111., where he died. He was
married a second time to Edith Shelton. By
his first wife he had eleven children, of whom
three are living — Eli, Melissa- and Ann M.
Our subject obtained but a limited education,
and he has alvva^'s given his attention to farm-
ing pursuits; he has 320 acres of land, and in
1871 he erected a fine frame residence. He
was first married to Maranda L. Haines, who
bore him one child — Maranda L. His second
marriage was with Sarah L. Place, by whom he
had nine cliildren — Ilhoda, George W., Emily,
Luna, Daniel S., Eli W., Dora M., Minnie F. and
Eunice. Mr. Fairchild was married a third
time, to Susan E. Boswell,|wlio has also depart-
ed this life, the mother of one child — Mary E.
Politicallj-, Mr. Fairchild is a^Republican.

CYRUS GILBERT, farmer, P. O. Laur. was
born in Washington County, Ohio,'' January
26, 1823, a son of Kli and Susanna (Gale) Gil-



96



BIOGRAPHICAL:



bert, natives of New Hampshire. Tlie father
was a cloth dresser by trade, and worked at it
for several years in Ohio; he also ran a water
mill, a'nd in after years gave his attention to
agricultural pursuits. He was a very enter-
prising man, and after coming to Jefferson
County in 1839, built the house where our sub-
ject now resides, out of lumber brought from
Ohio. The old folks had a family of seventeen
children, of wliom there are living Ira, Tru-
man, Josiah, Philo, Cyrus, Malissa, Menzis R.,
Waldo, Lois and Alvin. Our subject received
a little schooling in his native State, and after
coming to this countj' with his parents, attend-
ed the old schools here. In 1842, he contract-
ed a scrofulous disease, which was cured under
the skillful treatment of an Indian doctor, who
resided in this State. Mr. Gilbert studied
with him a year, and he has since been called
upon himself to attend to many cases of this
nature, and his knowledge of the various herbs
which seem to possess remarkable medicinal
qualities has rendered his services of value to
the afflicted. Mr. Gilbert has several hundred
acres of land, and he engages mostly in farm-
ing. He married Eliza J. McClendon, and has
a family of four children — Mary E., Stephen



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