William Henry Perrin.

History of Jefferson County, Illinois online

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school, and in 1831, the father brought his
family to Montgomery County, Tenn., where
be died in 1856. Subject finished his educa-
tion in the schools of that county, and then as-
sisted on the home farm until 1849. Decem-
ber 19 of that year, he came to Jefferson Coun-
ty, and settled on a Government improvement,
in Pendleton Township, about a mile east of
Belle Rive; he, however, only farmed there for
four years, and then came to Mt. Vernon, where
he clerked in a general store then owned by
Thorn D. Balzell; remained with them but
one year and then returned to Pendleton Town-
ship, and there purchased the home farm. In



SPRING GARDEN TOWNSHIP.



103



connection with his farm, he also ran a store
for the accommodation of his neighbors in that
township; he only remained three jears, and
then exchanged his farm for a hotel in Mt.
Vernon, then owned by a Mr. Thomas. It stood
(1858) where Pavy and Allan's building now
stands. In that hotel he remained until 1865,
when he came to Spring Garden Township.
Here he first purchased a half-interest in a
flouring mill and still house which then stood
about one and one-half miles south of the vil-
lage, but only remained about a month there,
and then came to the village, where he has
since resided. His first venture in the town
was merchandising, and he followed that for
about two years; he then opened his hotel,
which he still continues to run; he also turned
his attention some to stock trading and en-
gaged in that for about three years. He next
purchased a harness shop and commenced fol-
lowing the occupation of a harness-maker. He
now carries a stock of about $1,500. Mr. Ang-
len was married in Montgomery County, Tena.,
on June 10, 1846, to Nancy J. Smith, a daugh-
ter of Joseph H. and Nancy (Clifton) Smith,
natives of that county. This lady was the
mother of five children, of whom four are now
living, viz.: H. V., in Princeton, Ky.; E. J., in
Huron, Dak.; Thomas, in Macon County, 111.,
and Lilly, in Princeton, Ky. This lady died
February 14, 1864, and subject was married
the second time, in Spring Garden Township,
May 11, 1865, to Mrs. Nancy F. Williams, a
daughter of Joseph Felps, of Robertson Coun-
ty, Tenn. The result of the marriage is one
child— Ora Maude. Mr. Anglen has served in
numerous county and township offices, among
which are Justice of the Peace of Mt. Vernon
Township, from 1859 to 1865, and since his ar-
rival in this township he has held the office al-
most continually ever since. In April, 1872,
was appointed School Treasurer, and is still
holding that office. Has also served as mem-
ber of the County Board of Supervisors. Is a



member of Williams Lodge, No. 242, I. 0. O.
F., of Spring Garden. Has held all the offices
in that lodge and is now Past Grand. For the
past fifteen years has also served as Trciisuror
of that organization; is a member of the Spring
Garden Baptist Church. In politics, is an In-
dependent.

C. M. BROWN, farmer, P. O. Spring Garden,
was born in Washington County, 111., Decem-
ber 24, 1827, and is a son of Stcplien and Eliza-
beth (Spoon) Brown, who came to this State
from Guilford County, 'N., C. Subject was
the sixth of eleven children, of whom six
are now living. His education was received
in the subscription schools of that da}'. He re-
mained at home with his fiither until twenty-
five, and then started out in life for himself;
settled on his present farm, where he now owns
840 acres, which lie principally in Sections 19,
20, 25, 29, 31 and 36. Of the whole, there are
about 700 acres under cultivation, about six-
teen acres in orchard. Mr. Brown was married,
April 9, 1851, in Ewing Township, Franklin
County, 111., to Ann Eliza Poster, a native of
Franklin County, and a daughter of E. H. and
Cynthia Freeman Foster, natives of Tennessee.
This lady is the mother of nine children, of
whom five are living— B. F., S. E., Margaret A.,
Martha F. and Melissa B. Our subject was a
soldier in the Mexican war. Enlisted in the
Sixth Regiment of Illinois Infantry, Col. Collins,
Company A, Capt. James Bowman, in May,
1846, and was out until July, 1847. Has been
a member of the County Board of Supervisors,
four terms, and is at present serving in that
capacity. He also served as School Director
of his district for the last twenty-five years. In
politics, Mr. Brown is an Independent.

JOSEPH CARROLL, blacksmith. Spring
Garden, was born in this county October 26,
1832. and was a son of James and Elizabeth
(DeLaney) Carroll, natives of Tennes.see, but
emigrated to this county about 1829, settling
first in Mount Vernon Township, and then



104



BIOGRAPHICAL



moved iato Dockls Township, where the father
died in 1849, and the mother in 1877. Our
subject was the third of eight children, of wliom
three are now living. His education was re-
ceived mostly in the schools of Mount Vernon
and Dodds Townships. On his father's farm he
remained until twenty -two, and then started out
in life for himself He settled in Dodds Town-
ship, where he farmed until about 1858. In
that year he came to Spring Garden Township.
Here he first farmed for about two years, and
then came to the village, where he has since
carried on the blacksmith trade. In connec-
tion with his shop he also carries a stock of
plows, wagons, etc., which generally runs on
the average to about $1,500. He also owns a
farm of 530 acres, part of which is in Section
7 and the rest in 15, of Town 4, Kange 3 east.
Also owns some in Elk Prairie Township. Of
the whole piece, there are about 320 acres in
cultivation. Mr. Carroll was married in this
county in August, 1854, to Martha Shaffer, a
native of Tennessee, and a daughter of David
Shaffer. She was the mother of four children,
two of whom are now living — Mollie (wife of
Harvey Gardner, of Colorado), and Charles H.
This lady died about 1866. Our subject was
married the second time, in August, 1868, to
Mrs.Sibyl Garrison, a daughter of Uriah Cramp-
ton, a native of Mississippi. The result of this
marriage is four children, two of whom are now
living, Willie and Clyde. He is a member of
Mount Vernon Lodge, No. 31, A. F. & A. M.,
and Williams Lodge, No. 242, of Spring Gar-
den. In politics, our subject is a Democrat.

LOGAN FITZGERRELL (deceased) was
born in Posey County, Ind., in 1837, and was a
son of Michael and Mary (Overton) Fitzgerrell.
The parents moved to Jefferson County as early
as 1840, and settled on the farm afterward
owned by our subject. Our subject was edu-
cated in the schools of his county, and at the
age of eighteen assumed the responsibilities of
life for himself, and settled on the farm which



his widow now occupies. Originally, the father
gave his son a tract of eighty acres, and that
has since been increased until at present the
farm contains 336 acres, located in Sections 21,
22, 23, 24 and 27, of Town 4, Range 3 east.
Of the whole, there are about 250 acres in proc-
ess of cultivation. Mr. Fitzgerrell was married
twice. The first time in 1855, on the celebra-
tion of his eighteenth birthday, to Miss Miranda
Johnson, a daughter of George and Elizabeth
Johnson, of this countj-. The result of this .
marriage was one child — James Michael (now
deceased). This ladj- died onlj' a few years after
her marriage, and our subject was married the
second time, Februarj- 20, 1858, to Nancy
Simpson, who was horn in Gibson County, Ind.,
July 12, 1836, and is a daughter of Richard
and Elizabeth Simpson, descendants of Old Vir-
ginia stock. This lady has been the mother of
the following children : Hiram R., Mary, Lu
cinda (wife of William Harmon), Melissa B.
Daniel L., Luther, Miranda S. and Nancy. Our
subject was a member of Williams Lodge, No
242, I. 0. 0. F., of Spring Garden. In his life
time, he sought to walk in the retired paths of
life as much as possible, and tried to follow out
his duty as a citizen good and true. His aspira-
tions did not tend toward public office-seeking,
but toward preparing for his famil3's wants.
And thus Mr. Fitzgerrell's life came to a close
January 1, 1879. His family was left well
provided, and as his neighbors, in words soft
and low, paid their respects to the bereaved
family, none spoke but to praise him. At
present, Mrs. Fitzgerrell, assisted by her sons,
is carrying on the farm.

G. W. HAYS, farmer, P. 0. Mt, Vernon, was
born in Rutherford County, Tenn., July 4, 1840;
was a son of John and Rebecca (Maltus) Hays;
was the fifth of twelve children, ot whom eight
are living. When only two months old, his
parents moved to Jefferson County, where the
father settled in Spring Garden Township, about
one mile from where our subject now lives.



SPRING GARDEN TOWNSHIP.



105



but onl}- lived there a short time, and tlicii
came to Dodds Township. In that township he
held quite a number of offices of trust and
profit, and there he died in 1863 — the mother in
1862. Our subject attended the subscription
schools of his countj', and remained on the
home place until about twenty-. In starting
out in life for himself, he first settled in Elk
Prairie Township, but onl3- remained there a
short time, and then came to his present farm,
where he now owns 190 acres in Sections 5 and
6 of Township 4, Range 3 east. There are
about 180 acres under cultivation. Mr. Hays
was married in the fall of 1865, in Spring Gar-
den Township, to Margaret Howard, a native
of Illinois and a daughter of Charles and Jane
(Mendenhall) Howard. This lady is the mother
of three living children — Lilly. Josie and a
baby boy, born April 6, 1883. Our subject en-
listed in the Fifteenth Illinois Cavalry, Col.
Bacon, Company E, Capt. Hutchins, in the win-
ter of 1861. Was out three years and three
months. Was in the engagements of Hick-
man, Ky., Union City, Tenn., Corinth, Miss.,
Island No. 10 and many other smaller skir-
mishes. 3Irs. Hays is a member of the Easter
M. E. Church of Spring Garden Township.
Mr. Hays has held the offices of School Direc-
tor, Road Supervisor, etc. In politics, he is a
Greenbacker.

JAMES JONES, farmer, P. 0. Spring Gar-
den, was born in Todd County, Ky., November
9, 1822 ; is a son of William and Chrissie (Gib-
son) Jones, natives of Tennessee. Subject
was the elder of two children. The father
died when the son was about two years old, and
when eight years old his mother moved to this
county and settled in Spring Garden Township,
where she afterward married a man named Na-
thaniel Morgan. Subject's education was but
very meager as far as schooling goes, but after
his marriage he managed to teach himself some.
He remained at home on his step-father's farm
until twenty-one, then started out for himself.



He settled about a mile and a half from his first
farm, where he lived until 1871, when he came
to his present farm. He now owns about 1,000
acres, situated in Sections 11, 12, 1-1, 15, 19, 20,
22 and 23, of Town 4, Range 3 east. Has about
300 acres in cultivation. Mr. Jones was mar-
ried in Jeffor.son County, on January 1, 1845, to
Mrs. Elizabeth Allan, a daughter of Mrs. Nan-
cy Cochran, a native of North Carolina. This
union has resulted in the following children :
Mary E., wife of Martin Knowles, of this town-
ship ; John, Nathaniel, Chrissie, Josiah and
James, and- David. Mr. Jones has served in
numerous township and district offices ; in pol-
itics, is a Democrat.

WILEY KNOWLES, farmer, P, 0. Spring
Garden, was born near Savannah, Ga., April 25,
1809 ; was a son of Putaraan and Patsey (Greer)
Knowles. The parents went from Delaware to
Georgia, the mother, however, coming over to
the former State from Scotland when a child.
Subject was the fourth of ten children, of whom
only four are living. When two years old, his
parents came to Indiana, and settled near Black
River, in Gibson County. His schooling was
very limited ; remained at home with his father
until about twenty-two, and then purchased a
farm in Owensville Township, Gibson County.
On that farm, he remained until the spring of
1845, when he came to Illinois, and settled in
Spring Garden Township, Jefferson County, on
his present farm, where he now owns 240 acres
in Section 16, 130 acres in Section 4, 120 in
Section 9, 40 in Section 8, and 10 in Section 10,
all of Town 4, Range 3 west. He also has 120
in Dodds Township. Of the whole, there are
about 280 acres under cultivation. Mr.
Knowles was married in Gibson Count}', Ind.,
July 8, 1830, to Minerva Scott, a native of
Bullitt County, Ky., being born there in 1811.
She is a daughter of Mrs. Mary Scott, who was
one of the old pioneer residents of Gibson
County. The result of this union was eleven
children, ten of whom are now living — William



106



BIOGRAPHICAL:



R., residing in Missouri; Meniecs, wife of
Joseph Wilbanks, of Logan County, 111.; Patse)-,
wife of George Farrish, of Clackamas Count}'
Oreg.-; Martin, farming in Spring Garden Town-
ship ; Asa, in Custer County, Colo.; Ananias, in
Moore's Prairie Township, his sketch appearing
in that part of the work ; Leander, also farming
in Spring Garden Township ; Francis M., on
the home farm ; Sarah, wife of Richard Davis,
of this township ; and Lizzie Caroline, wife of a
Mr. Gamber, of Portland, Oreg. Mr. and Mrs.
Knowles are members of the Mount Nebo Cum-
berland Presbyterian Church. Mr. Knowles
has been a Democrat, but in the last few years
has been voting the Greenback ticket. Francis
M., the eighth child of Wiley and Min-
erva (Scott) Knowles, was born in Spring Gar-
den Township, Jefferson County, September 1,
1848. In his youth, he attended the free
schools of his county, and helped on the home
place until he married, and then erected a fine
countrj- house ; has settled down near his fa-
ther, and now has the management of the home-
stead. He was married in Moore's Prairie
Township, this county, April 17, 1879, to Flor-
ence Smith, who was born in this county Janu-
ary 28, 1852, and is a daughter of Jesse H. and
Jane Bliss Smith, whose sketches appear else-
where. This lady is the mother of three chil-
dren — Norman Smith, Eliza and Wiley H.
In politics, Mr. ^nowles is at present a Green-
backer, but formerly, like his father, voted the
Democratic ticket.

J. W. MARSHALL, farmer, P. 0. Spring
Garden, was born in Jackson County October
15, 1836. His parents were William and
Judith (Minor) Marshall, who came originally
from North Carolina. When subject was three
3'ears old, his parents carne to Franklin Coun-
ty, and settled in Goode Township. There
subject was permitted to attend school but
slightly, but since coming to manhood's estate
he has taught himself He early commenced
to render all possible assistance to his father



on the home farm, and remained with the lat-
ter until twenty-four, and then on a rented
farm near the old homestead he commenced
life for himself There he remained three years,
and then came to Spring Garden Township,
Jefferson County; he settled on the farm which
be still owns, of 120 acres in Section 11, of
Township 4, Range 3 east, and of that there
are about 110 acres under cultivation. Sub-
ject was married, October 25, 1860, in Jeti'ersou
County, to Sarah Farlow, a native of Spring
Garden Township, and a daughter of John and
Frances (Williams) Farlow; the father was a
native of Maryland, the mother of Tennessee.
This lady is the mother of seven children, and
of that number six are now living — W. H., G.
B., C. E., Rosa, Lilly B. and Daisy E. Mr.
Marshall is a member of the Spring Garden
Baptist Church. Has served as Township
Trustee, Justice, Collector and School Director.
In politics, he is a Greenbacker.

GABRIEL PEAVLER, farmer, P. 0. Spring
Garden. The gentleman whose name heads
this sketch, is probably one of the oldest set-
tlers in this part of the county. He was born
on the Holstein River, in Sullivan County,
Tenn., January 27, 1813, and is a son of Jacob
and Margaret (Steward) Peavler. The parents
were both born in Virginia, the father of Ger-
man parents, the mother of Irish. Our subject
was the youngest of four children, of whom two
are living — James, in Cooper Count}-, Mo., and
Gabriel Peavler. When about seven months
old, his father went to Norfolk, Va., where he
enlisted in a Virginia regiment being formed
to fight the British in the war of 1812. At
that time the city of Norfolk itself was threat-
ened, and the regiment was stationed at that
point. While serving at his post, the father
was stricken with an epidemic which was then
raging in that town, and died, as did thousands
of his comrades. The mother also died when
subject was about five years old, and he was
; left at the mercy of the world. His half broth-



SPRING GARDEN TOWNSHIP.



107



ers helped him some, however, and at the age
of twelve 3-ear.s he was bound out to a man bj-
the name of Allan, at Monticello, Wayne Co.,
Ky., and under him subject learned the trade
of making and laying brick. He remained
there until seventeen, and then deciding to fol-
low that occupation for himself, he came to
Clark County, Ind., and worked for some time
at that point. Next went to Bloomfleld, Greene
County, and from there to Marion County,
when Indianapolis was but a small village, and
there he made and laid liricks on the State
road leading from that point. The next few
years were spent in running around in different
points in Indiana working at his trade, and
tlien made Washington County, Ind., his home.
In regard to his education, our subject never
had a chance to go to school but about a month
in his life, but after he had settled down at this
point, he first commenced to teach himself, and
has since obtained a rather fair education.
His first occupation in Washington County
was that of farming, and followed that occupa-
tion for about two years and then went to
Providence, Clark County, and there opened a
grocery store which he conducted for nine
months, and then sold that out and opened a
dry goods store, but after running that store
six months at that point, he went to Pekin,
Washington County, and there carried on the
same business. Here he ran a store for three
years, and then turning his attention again to
farming, he purchased a farm near that town,
which he operated for nine years. In connec-
tion with his farm he also ran a store for the
accommodation of his neighbors. In 1850, he
came to Illinois and first settled in Clark Coun-
ty, where he both farmed and carried on a
store. The first year of his residence there he
opened up and put under cultivation a farm of
160 acres. In that county he lived six years,
and then came to Spring Garden, Jefferson
County, and settled on his present farm. Here
he now owns about 4.56 acres in Sections 22.



23, 26 and 27; has about 370 acres in cultiva-
tion — about eight acres in orchard. Mr. Peav-
ler was married, November 27. 1834, in Wash-
ington County, Ind., to Nancy McKinney, a
daughter of Alexander and Susannah (Turner)
McKinney. natives of Virginia. This union
resulted in twelve children, six of whom are
now living — Dr. J. W. (whose sketch appears
elsewhere in this work), born July 20, 1840;
Mary Jane (wife of J. W. Fitzgerald), born
December 31, 1842; Henrietta (wife of Will-
iam H. Dorr), born September 3, 1844; W. T.
C. mow in Huron, Dakota Territory), October
18, 1846; Nancy Frances (wife of George Will),
October 20, 1858; and G. N. E., February 18,
1862. Our subject is a member of the Spring
Garden Methodist Episcopal Church; also of
Williams Lodge, No. 242, I. 0. 0. F. In poli-
tics, is a Republican. Mrs. Peavler is a mem-
ber of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church.

DR. J. W. PEAVLER. One of the most suc-
cessful physicians of this county is the gentle-
man whose name heads this sketch, and who
was born in Washington County, Ind., July 20,
1840. Our subject is a son of Gabriel, whose
sketch appears elsewhere in this work, and
Nancy (McKinney) Peavler. The father was a
native of Teimessee, the mother of Washington
County, Ind. Subject was the tliird of twelve
children, and of that number six are now living.
When two years old, his father came to Clark
County, Ind.; there our subject was first per-
mitted to attend school. In 1856, his father
came to Jefferson County, and settled in Spring
Garden Township, and here subject attended
school until eighteen, and then taught for two
years in that township. He next went to
Mount Vernon, where he read medicine with
his uncle, Dr. H. J. Peavler. With this gentle-
man he remained three years, and then went to
the Medical Department of the Michigan State
University, located at .\iin Arbor, from which
institution he graduated in 1864. He immedi-
ately located at Knob's Prairie, this county,



lOti



BIOGRAPHICAL:



and there practiced some five years. From
that location he went to Chicago, and there
practiced for about one year, also attending
lectures. He next came to his present location
in Spring Garden Township, where he has prac-
ticed most of the time since, except in 1878,
when he attended the American Medical Col-
lege at St. Louis, from which he graduated, and
in 1879, when he attended the Eclectic Medical
College, Cincinnati, and also graduated from
that institution. His present practice extends
over a large portion of this count}- and portions
of Franklin Count}'. The Doctor is at present
a member of the Missouri State Medical Soci-
etj'. Dr. Peavler was married, August 4, 18{)7,
to Victoria Hagle, a daughter of John ^X. and
Mabalia Boswell Hagle. This lady is a native
of this county, and is the mother of six chil-
dren, five of whom are now living — Eugene,
Minnie, Mazie, Ethel and Harry. Subject is
a member of Williams Lodge, No. 242, L 0. 0.
F., of Spring Garden, and No. 765, Ewing
Lodge, A. F. & A. M. In politics, is a Repub-
lican.

DR. J. B. SCARBOROUGH, physician.
Spring Garden, was born in Ewing Township,
Franiilin Count}-, 111., March 12, 1842, and is a
son of Dr. Bennent and Allie (Bennett) Scar-
borough. The father was a native of Wilson
County, Tenn., and came to this State in
1832. The mother is a native of Posey County,
Ind. Subject was the third of five children,
and was permitted to attend the schools of his
county until about tweutj-, and then the Doctor
commenced reading medicine with his father.
Remained with him until twenty-four, reading
and assisting the elder Scarborough in his
practice. Then our subject tooli up his chosen
practice for himself at the town of Macedonia,
Franklin County. In that locality he only re-
mained about six months, when he again be-
took himself to his native county, and there
took up the practice of his father, the latter
having become too old to attend to it (his



death subsequently occurred in 1879), and in
that localit}' our subject remained until 1873.
In that year he removed to Ham's Grove, Pen-
dleton Township, this county, and there prac-
ticed until October, 1879, when he came to his
present location at Spring Garden. In this
locality he now has a practice that extends
over territory which lies for miles north and
east of Spring Garden, and where he has tlie
confidence of the people of that locality, in
Pendleton Township. Subject was married,
September 20, 1865, to Miss Ada Yates, a native
of Providence, R. I., and the daughter of
John I. and Hannah (Stewart) Yates, na-
tives of Maine, but settling in Ohio, where the
father died, and the mother married Bennett
Woodworth, and subsequentl}' the twain came
to this county (in 1853), and settled in Moore's
Prairie Township, where they have subsequent-
ly resided. The result of this union has been
three children, two of whom are now living,
Lizzie (wife of Edgar Bernard), born October
20, 1866, and Ida May, born July 22, 1870.
Alice was born December 17, 1868, and died
July 24, 1869. Mr. and Mrs. Scarborough and
daughter Lizzie are members of the Metliodist
Episcopal Church, ajid he is a member of Ham's
Grove Lodge, No. 405, I. 0. 0. F. In politics,
he is a Republican.

BENJAMIN SMITH, farmer, P. 0. Spring
Garden, is a great-grandson of Alexander and
Joanna Smith, who settled in North Carolina.
They had the following children born to them
in Tyrrell County, that State, viz.: Ann, born
February 6, 1771 ; Joanna, January 23, 1774 :
Isaac, January 19, 1779 ; Ananias, December
12, 1780 ; Zilpha, April 10, 1782 ; Euphemia,
November 1, 1783 ; Loef, March 2, 1789 ;
Azilla, October 4, 1792 ; and Jose, February
12, 1797. The third child of this family, Isaac,
was the grandfather of our subject. This child
grew to manhood in North Carolina, and there
married Millie Hassle. The twain came to



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