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to resign his or their said appointment or appointments, the supreme ex-
*'^' ouncil shall be, and hereby are, empowered and required to
nominate and appoint other person or persons in lieu of him or them so
deceased, or who has or have so resigned, which person or persons, from
and after such nomination and appointment, shall be, and hereby are de-
clared to be, vested with the same powers respectively, as any of the
deputies nominated and appointed by this act is vested with by the same :
Provided always, That the council are not hereby authorized, nor shall
they make any such nomination or appointment, except in vacavion, and
diuring the recess of the General Assembly of this State.
[I*, s.] Signed by order of the House.

THOMAS MIFFLIN, Speaker.

Enacted into a law at Philadelphia, on Saturday, December the 30th
in the year of our Lord 1786. PETER ZACHARY LLOYD, .

Clerk of the General Assembly,

I, Mathew Irwine, esq., master of the rolls for the State of Pennsyl-
Tania, do certify the preceding writing to be a true copy (or exemplifies
tion) of a certain act of Assembly lodged in my office.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal of office, the
El. iJ 15th May, A. D. 1787.

MATHEW IRWINE M M



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A supplement to the act entitled " An act appointing deputies to the con-
vention intended to be held in the city of Philadelphia, for the pur-
pose of revising the Federal Constitution/*

Sec. Ist. Whereas by the act to which this act is a supplement,- cer-
tain persons were appointed as deputies from this State to sit in the said
convention: And whereas it is the desire of the General Assembly, that
his excellency Benjamin Franklin, esq., president of this State, should
also sit in the said convention as a deputy from this state : Therefore,

Sec 2d. Be it cTiactedt and it is hereby enacted by the representatives
of the freemen of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, in General As-
sembly met, and by the authority of the same, that his excellency Ben-
jamin Franklin, esq., be, and he is hereby appointed and authorized to
sit in the said convention as a deputy from this State, in addition to the
persons heretofore appointed ; and that he be, and he hereby is invested
with like powers and authorities as are invested in the said deputies or
any of them.
Signed by order of the House.

THOMAS MIFFLIN, Speaker.
Enacted into a law at Philadelphia, on Wednesday, the 28th day ot
March, in the year of our Lord 1787.

PETER ZACHARY LLOYD,

Clerk of the General Assembly,

I, Mathew Irwine, esq., master of the rolls for the State of Pennsyl-
vania, do certify the above to be a true copy (or exemplification) of a
supplement lo a certain act of Assembly, which supplement is lodged in
my office.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal of office,
tL. s.] the 15th May, A. D. 1787.

MATHEW XRWINE, M. R.

THE STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA.
To the honorable Alexander Martin, esq., greeting:
Whereas our General Assembly, in their late session, holden at Kay-
etteville, by adjournment, in the month of January last, did, by joint
ballot of the Senate and House of Commons, elect Richard Caswell,
Alexander Martin, William Richardson Davie, Richard Dobbs Spaight,
and Willie Jones, esqrs., deputies to attend a convention of delegates
from the several United States of America, proposed to be held at the
city of Philadelphia in May next, for the purpose of revising the Federal
Constitution,



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^ We do, therefore, by these presents, nominate, commissionate, and
ippouit you, the said Alexander Martin, one of the deputies for and in
onr behalf, to meet with our other deputies at Philadelphia, on the first
day of May next, and with them, or any two of them, to confer with
such deputies as may have been, or shall be appointed by the other
States, for the purposes aforesaid : To hold, exercise, and enjoy the ap-
pointment aforesaid, with all powers, authorities, and emoluments to the
same belonging, or in any wise appertaining, you conforming, in every
instance, to the act of our said Assembly, under which you are ap-
pointed.

Witness Richard Caswell, esq., our Governor, captain general and
commander-in-chief, under his hand and our great seal, at Kingston,
the 24th day of February, in the eleventh year of pur independence,
A. D. 1787.
[L. s.] RICH. CASWELL.

By his excellency's command.

WINSTON CASWELL, P. Secretary.

A commission, precisely similar to the above, was given " to the
honorable William Richardson Davie, esq.," on the 24th February,
1787.

And also another, " to the honorable Richard Dobbs Spaight,
esq., on the 14th of April, 1787.

STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA.
His excellency Richard Caswell, esq., Governor, captain general and

commander-in-chief, in and over the Stale aforesaid.

To all to whom these presents shall come, greeting :
Whereas, by an act of the General Assembly of the said State, passed
the sixth day of January last, entitled " An act for appointing deputies
Irom this State to a convention proposed to be held in the city of Phila-
delphia, in May next, for the purpose of revising the Federal Constitu-
tion,*' among other things it is enacted, "That five commissioners be
appointed by joint ballot of both Houses of Assembly, who, or any three
of them, are hereby authorized as deputies from this State, to meet at
Philadelphia, on the first day of May next, then and there to meet and
confer with such deputies as may be appointed by the other States for
similar purposes, and with them to discuss and decide upon the most
effectual means to remove the defects of our Federal Union, and to pro-
cure the eoUrged purposes which it was intended to efieet ; and that



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tliey report such an act to the General Assembly of this State, as, when
agreed to by them, will effectually provide for the same." And it is by
the said act further enacted, ** That in case of the death or resignation
of any of the deputies, or of their declining their appointments, his ex-
cellency the Governor, for the time being, b hereby authorized to supply
such vacancies/* And whereas, in consequence of the said act, Richard
Caswell, Alexander Martin, William Richardson Davie, Richard Dobbs
Spaight, and Willie Jones, esqrs., were, by joint ballot of the two
Houses of Assembly, elected deputies for the purposes aforesaid : And
whereas the said Richard Caswell has resigned his said appointment as
one of the deputies aforesaid :

NoWi know ye J that I have appointed, and by these presents do appoint,
the honorable William Blount, esq., one of the deputies to represent this-
State in the convention aforesaid, in the room and stead of the aforesaid
Richard Caswell, hereby giving and granting to the said William Blount,
the same powers, privileges, and emoluments, which the said Richard
Caswell would have been vested with, or entitled to, had he continued
in the appointment aforesaid.

Given under my hand, and the great seal of the State, at Kingston,
the 23d day of April, A. D. 1787, and in the eleventh year of
[l. s.] American independence.

RICH. CASWELL.

By his excellency's command.

WINSTON CASWELL, P. Secretary.

STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA.
His excellency, Richard Caswell, esq., Governor, captain-general, and

commander-in-chief, in and over the State aforesaid.

To all to whom these presents shall come, greeting :
Whereas, by an act of the General Assembly of the said State, passed
the sixth day of January last, entitled *' An act for appointing deputies
from this State to a convention proposed to be held in the city of Phila*
delphia, in May next, for the purpose of revising the Federal Constitu-
tion,*' among other things it is enacted, " That five commissioners be
appointed by joint ballot of both Houses of Assembly, who, or any three
of them, are hereby authorized, as deputies from this State, to meet at
Philadelphia on the first day of May next, then and there to meet and
confer with such deputies as may be appointed by the other States for
similar purposes, and with them to discuss and decide upon the most
effectual means to remove the defects of our Federal Union, and to pro-
rure the enlarged purposes which it was intended to effect, and that they



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feport TOch an act to the Genertd Assembly of this State, as, wheA
•greed to by them, will efiectaally provide for the same." And it is by
the said act further enacted, ** That in case of the death or resignation
«f any of the deputies, or their declining their appointments, his excel*
}ency the Governor, for the time being, is hereby authorized to supply
•uch vacancies.'* And whereas, in consequence of the said act, Richard
Caswell, Alexander Martin, William Richardson Davie, Richard Dobbs
Speight, and Willie Jones, esqrs., were, by joint ballot of the two Houses
of Assembly, elected deputies for the purposes aforesaid. And whereas
the said Willie Jones hath declined his appointment as one of the depu«
ties aforesaid :

Now, know ye, that I have appointed, and by these presents do appoint,
the honorable Hugh Williamson, esq., one of the deputies to represent
this State in the convention aforesaid, in the room and stead of the afore*
said Willie Jones, hereby giving and granting to the said Hugh Wil*
liamson the same powers, privileges, and emoluments, which the said
Willie Jones would have been vested with, and entitled to, had he acted
under the appointment aforesaid.

Given under my hand, and the great seal of the State, at Kingston, the
third day of April, A. D. 1787, and in the eleventh year of
[l. s.] American Independence.

RICH. X; AS WELL.

By his excellency's command.

DALLAM CASWELL, Pnt Secrttaij.

DELAWARE.

His excellency Thomas Collins, esq., President, captain*general and
commander-in-chief of the Delaware State, to all to whom
these presents shall come, greeting : Know ye, that among the

[L. s.] laws of the said State, passed by the General Assembly of the
same, on the 3d day of February, in the year of our Lord 1787t
it is thus enrolled :

In the eleventh year of the independence of the Delaware State t

AN ACT appointing deputies from this State to the convention proposed
to be held in the city of Philadelphia, for the purpose of revising th»
Federal Constitution.

Whereas the General Assembly of this State are fully convinced of
the necessity of revising the Federal Constitution, and adding thereto
•ucfa further provisions as may render the same more adequate to th«

19



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•xigendet of the (Jnion : And whereas the Legislature of Vh'ginia har*
already passed an act of that Commonwealth, appointing and authorizing
certain commissioners to meet, at the city of Philadelphia, in May next,
a conyention of commissioners or deputies from the different States ;
and, this State being willing and desirous of co-operating with the Com-
monwealth of Virginia and the other States in the Confederation in so
useful a design :

Be it therefore enacted hy the General Assembly of Delaware, That
George Read, Gunning Bedford, John Dickinson, Richard Bassett, and
Jacob Broom, esqrs., are hereby appointed deputies from this State to
meet in the convention of the deputies of other States, to be held at the
city of Philadelphia, on the 2d day of May next : And the said George
Read, Gunning Bedford, John Dickinson, Richard Bassett, and Jacob
Broom, esqrs., or any three of them, are hereby constituted and ap-
pointed deputies from this State, with powers to meet such deputies aa
may be appointed and authorized by the other States to assemble in the
said convention at the city aforesaid, and to join with them in devising,
deliberating on, and discussing, such alterations and further provisions
as may be necessary to render the Federal Constitution adequate to the
exigencies of the Union, and in reporting such act or acts for that pur-
pose to the United States in. Congress assembled, as, when agreed to by
them, and duly confirmed by the several States, may effectually provide
for the same. So, always, and provided, that such alterations or fur-
ther provisions, or any of them, do not extend to that part of the fifth
article of the Confederation of the said States, finally ratified on the first
day of March, in the year 1781, which declares that, "In determining
questions in the United States in Congress assembled, each State shall
have one vote.**

And he it enacted. That, in case any of the said deputies hereby nomi-
nated shall happen to die, or to resign his or their appointment, the Pre-
sident or commander-in-chief, with the advice of the privy council, in
the recess of the General Assembly, is hereby authorized to supply
such vacancies.

Signed by order of the House of Assembly.

JOHN COOK, Speaker.

Passed at Dover, February 3, 1787.

Signed by order of the Council.

GEO. CRAGHED, Speaker.

All and singular vhich premises, by the tenor of these presents, I
nave caused to be exemplified. In testimony whereof, I have hereunto



/



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eubschbed my name, and caused the great seal of the said State to be
aflixed to these presents, at New Castle, the second day of April, in
the year of our Lord 1787, and in the eleventh year of the independence
of the United States of America.



THOMAS COLLINS.



Attest : JjLMES Booth, Secretary,



GEORGIA.

By the honorable George Mathews, esq., captain-general. Governor,
and commander- m-chief, in and over the State aforesaid.

To all to whom these presents shall come, greeting :

Know ye, that John Milton, esq., who hath certified the annexed copy

of an ordinance, entitled ''An ordinance for the appointment of deputies

from this State, for the purpose of revising the Federal Constitution,"

18 secretary of the i9aid State, in whose office the archives of the same

are deposited; therefore, all due faith, credit, and authority, are, and

ought to i^, had and given the same.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the

great seal of the State to be put and affixed, at Augusta, this

[l s.] 24th day of April, in the year of our Lord 1787, and of our

sovereignty and independence the eleventh.

GEO. MATHEWS.
By his honoris command.

J. MILTON.

An ordinance for the appointment of deputies from this State, for the
purpose of revising the Federal Constitution.

Be it ordainedt by the representatives of the freemen of the State of
Georgia, in General Assembly met, and by the authority of the same,
that William Few, Abraham Baldwin, William Pierce, George Walton,
William Houston, and Nathaniel Pendleton, esqrs., be, and they are
hereby, appointed commissioners, who, or any two or more of them,
are hereby authorized, as deputies from this State, to meet such deputies
as may be appointed and authorized by other States, to assemble in con
vention at Philadelphia, and to join with them in devising and discussing
all such alterations and farther provisions as may be necessary to render
the Federal Constitution adequate to the exigencies of the Union, and
in reporting such an act for that purpose to the United States in Congreie



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fttsembled, m, when agreed to by them, and duly confirmed by the
several States, will effectually provide for t)ie same. In case of the
death of any of the said deputies, or of their declining their appoint
ments, the executive are hereby authorized to supply such vacancies.

By order of the House.

(Signed) WM. GIBBONS, Speaker

Augusta, the 10th February, 1787.

Georgia, Secretary's Office.
The above is a true copy from the original ordinance deposited in my
office. J. MILTON, Secretary.

Augusta, 24th April, 1787.

The State of Georgia, by the grace of God, free, sovereign, and inde-
pendent.

To the honorable William Few, esq.

Whereas you, the said William Few, are, in and by an ordinance of
the General Assembly of our said State, nominated and appointed a
deputy to represent the same in a convention of the United Stutes, to be
assembled at Philadelphia, for the purposes of devising and discussing
all such alterations and farther provisions as may be necessary to render
the Federal Constitution adequate to the exigencies of the Union :

You are therefore hereby commissioned to proceed on the duties re-
quired of you in virtue of the said ordinance.
Witness our trusty and well-beloved George Mathews, esq., our
captain-general, Governor, and commander-in-chief, under hia
|l. s.] hand, and our great seal, at Augusta, this 17th day of April, in
the year of our Lord 1787, and of our sovereignty and inde-
pendence the eleventh.

GEO. MATHEWS.

By his honor's command.

J. MILTON, Secretary.

Commissions precisely similar to the above were given, on the
■aid 17th April, 1787, to—
The honorable William Pierce, esq.
The honorable William Houston, esq.



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STATE OF NEW YORK.

By his excellency George Clinton, esq., Governor of the State of New
r 1 York, general and commander-in-chief of all the militia, and
admiral of the navy of the same :

To all to virhom these presents shall come.
It is by these presents certified, that John M'Kesson, who has sub-
scribed the annexed copies of resolutions, is clerk of the Assembly of
ffais State.
In testimony whereof, I have caused the privy seal of the said State
to be hereunto affixed, this ninth day of May, in the eleventh
year of the independence of the said State.

GEO. CLINTON.

State op New York, in Assembly, Febrxti-rt 28, 1787.

A copy of a resolution of the honorable the Senate, delivered by Mr.
Williams, was read, and is in the words following, viz. :

Eesolvedi If the honorable the Assembly concur therein, that three
delegates be appointed, on the part of this State, to meet such delegates
as may be appointed on the part of the other States, respectively, on the
second Monday in May next, at Philadelphia, for the sole and express
purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation, and reporting to Con-
gress, and to the several legislatures, such alterations and provisionn
therein as shall, when agreed to in Congress, and confirmed by the
several States, render the Federal Constitution adequate to the exigen-
cies of Government, and the preservation of the Union ; and that, in
case of such concurrence, the two Houses of the legislature will, on
Tuesday next, proceed to nominate and appoint the said delegates, in
like manner as is directed by the Constitution of this State for nomi-
nating and appointing delegates to Congress.

Sesolved, That this House do concur with the honorable the Senate in
the said resolution.

In Assembly, March 6, 1787.

Hesolvedf That the honorable Robert Yates, esq., and Alexander
Hamilton and John Lansing, jun., esqrs., be, and they are hereby nomi-
nated by this House, delegates on the part of this State, to meet suck
delegates as may be appointed on the part of the other States, respec-
tively, on the second Monday in May next, at Philadelphia, pursuant
to concurrent resolutions of both Houses of the legislature on the 28th
ultimo.

Besolvedt That this House will meet the honorable the Senate imme-
19*



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diately, at «uch place as they shall appdnt, to compare the lists of per-
sons nominated by the Senate and Assembly, respectively, as delegates
on the part of this State, to meet such delegates as may be appointed on
the part of the other States, respectively, on the second Monday in May
neit, at Philadelphia, pursuant to concurrent resolutions of both Houses
of the legislature on the 28th ultimo.

Ordered, That Mr. N. Smith deliver a copy o[ the last preceding
resolution to the honorable the Senate.

A copy of a resolution of the honorable the Senate was delivered by
Mr. Vanderbelt, that the Senate will immediately meet this House in
the Assembly chamber, to compare the lists of persons nominated by
the Senate and Assembly, respectively, as delegates, pursuant to tho
resolution before mentioned.

The honorable the Senate accordingly attended in the Assembly
chamber, to compare the lists of persons nominated for delegates, as
above mentioned.

The list of persons nominated by the honorable the Senate, were the
honorable Robert Yates, esq., and John Lansing, jun., and Alexander
Hamilton, esqrs., and on comparing the lists of the persons nominated
by the Senate and Assembly, respectively, it appeared that the same
persons were nominated in both lists ; thereupon,

Resolvedt That the honorable Robert Yates, John Lansing, jun., and
Alexander Hamilton, esqrs., be, and they are hereby declared duly
nominated and appointed delegates, on the part of this State, to meet
such delegates as may be appointed on the part of the other States,
respectively, on the second Monday in May next, at Philadelphia, for
the sole and express purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation,
and reporting to Congress, and to the several legislatures, such altera-
tions and provisions therein as shall, when agreed to in Congress, and
confirmed by the several States, render the Federal Constitution adequate
to the exigencies of Government, and the preservation of the Union.

True extracts from the journals of the Assembly.

JOHN MCKESSON, Clerk.

STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.

By his excellency Thomas Pinckney, esq.. Governor, and commander

in-chief, in and over the State aforesaid.

To the honorable John Rutledge, esq., greeting :

By virtue of the power and authority in me vested by the legislators

of this State, in their act passed the eighth day of March last, I do



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herebf commissioii you, the said John Rutledge, as one of the depnties
•ppointed from this State, to meet such deputies or commissioners as
may be appointed and authorized by other of the United States, to as-
iiembie in convention at the city of Philadelphia, in the month of May
next, or as soon thereafter as may be, and to join with such deputies or
commissioners (they being duly authorized and empowered) in devising
and discussing all such alterations, clauses, articles, and provisions, as
may be thought necessary to render the Federal Constitution entirely
adequate to the actual situation and future good government of the con-
federated States ; and that you, together with the said deputies or com-
missioners, or a majority of them who shall be present, (provided the
State be not represented by less than two,) do jom in reporting such an
act to the United States in Congress assembled, as, when approved and
agreed to by them, and duly ratified and confirmed by the several States,
will efiectually provide for the exigencies of the Union.

Given under my hand, and the great seal of the State, in the city of
Charleston, this 10th day of April, in the year of our Lord 1787,
{l. s.] and of the sovereignty and independence of the United States
of Amierica the eleventh.

THOMAS PINCKNEY.

By his excellency's command.

PETER FRENEAU, Secretary.

Commissions precisely similar to the above were given, on the
said 10th April, 1787, to—

The honorable Charles Pinckney, esq.

The honorable Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, esq.

The honorable Pierce Butler, esq.

COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS.
By his excellency James Bowdoin, esq.. Governor of the Common-
wealth of Massachusetts.
To the honorable Francis Dana, Elbridge Gerry, Nathaniel Gorham,
Rufiis King, and Caleb Strong, esqrs., greeting:
Whereas Congress did, on the 2l8t day of February, A. D. 1787,
resolve, " That, in the opinion of Congress, it is expedient that, on the
second Monday in May next, a convention of delegates, who shall have
been appointed by the several States, to be held at Philadelphia, for the
•ole and express purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation, and



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reporting to Congress, and the several legislatures, such alterations and
provisions therein as shall, when agreed to in Congress, and confirmed
by the States, render the Federal Constitution adequate to the exigencied
of Government and the preservation of the Union." And whereas the
general court have constituted and appointed you their delegates, to at-
tend and represent this Commonwealth in the said proposed convention,
and have, by a resolution of theirs of the tenth of March last, requested
me to commission you for that purpose.

Now, therefore, know ye, that in pursuance of the resolutions afore-
said, I do, by these presents, commission you, the said Francis Dana,
Elbridge Gerry, Nathaniel Gorham, Ruins King, and Caleb Strong,



Online LibraryWilliam HickeyThe Constitution of the United States of America .. → online text (page 12 of 41)