William Hutton.

The battle of Bosworth Field : between Richard the Third and Henry Earl of Richmond, August 22, 1485 : wherein is described the approach of both armies : with plans of the battle, its consequences, the fall, treatment, and character of Richard : to which is prefixed, by way of introduction, a histor online

. (page 13 of 14)
Online LibraryWilliam HuttonThe battle of Bosworth Field : between Richard the Third and Henry Earl of Richmond, August 22, 1485 : wherein is described the approach of both armies : with plans of the battle, its consequences, the fall, treatment, and character of Richard : to which is prefixed, by way of introduction, a histor → online text (page 13 of 14)
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garden ; the meadows and richly-eultivated
^^ fields a paradise. Codld a more esiquisite
^^ point of time have been selected ? I see
^^ at this moment the waving corn through
^^ which we walked to Sutton churchy so
^^ neatly delineated in Mr. Pridden's land-
^^ scape* ; the mantling ivy on the moulder-
^* ing gateway of the hall*house f , once the
^^ residence of the respectable family of JRo-
<^ berts; the curious devices, particularly the
^^ well^adapted roses, embossed on the walls
<^ of the buildirig now hastening to sad de**
^^ cay ; and the pleasing monument of sir
^^ William's benevolence in the chsuritable
^^ foundation established by him in the village.

^^ Determining to make it a day of philo-
^^ sophical and antiqj^uarian research, our

^ See a view of it in the History of Leicestershire,
Tol. IV. pi. LXXXVII. p, 544.

t See also a view of this old Gateway (since demo*
Jisbed) in the same volumei plate LXXXVII. p.>544.

•^ first

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^^ first dtage from Hinckley was only a single
^^ mile along the Derby road ; ipliere the
" Gravel-pit, so productive of curious Fossils,
^^ arrested oar attention, .and well deserved
it On these wonderful productions I
shall not here enlaige ; as your cabinet and
Mr. Robinson's have already furnished the
publick with a beautiful plate**


The celebrated Spreading Elm, in the
lane leading from the Gravel-pit to Bar-
well, which preserved the life of Captain
Shenton during the civil wars in a manner
^^ somewhat similar to the Royal Oak of hisf
*' Sovereign, I shall also barely mention, as^
^^ Mn Robinson has already given both a
^^ drawing and a particular description of itf .

* Sec the History of Leicestershire! vol. IV. Plate
LXXIII. p. 462 ; and the Natural History of the Vale
of Belvoir, in the First Volume, p. cxci.

t *^ This tree, which is a wich-elm, sends out large
** arms^ or branches, about ^ven or eight feet from the


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*^ Two miles further we reached Staple-
*^ ton, where Richard encamped the night

** ground, and the lower part of it is remark
*^ thick : the upper part looks much younger. — -
'^ This venerable old tree many look upon as a kind
^< of prodigy. As to the natural cause, it is ^ri-
^^ dent to the diligent observer, that a vast quantity
** of flies are produced in the leaves of the elm and
** many other trees. We are very sensible of this in
*^ our gardens, by the curling up of the leaves of
•' choice fruic-trees, especially when clammy mil-
** dews, &c. assist in the production of these insects ;
** for on the under-side of the leaves, where the eggs
** and spawn are deposited, the envenomM leaf swells
'< into a kind of blister, and forms a kind of -concavity
*^ for their security, and at the same time yields a
*< kind of ichor or humidity for their support. That
^ this has been the case with the tree in question I
^* doubt not, from the great number of small branches^
'^ and the protuberances on the large arms in the lower
** part of the tree. This tree is, however, well worthy
** of notice; and, I think, we may compute its age
^*at about 174 years at least; viz. about 40 yean
^* when sufficient for a hiding-place, to which if we
<* add 134 years since the Battle of Worcester, the

<< sum

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*^ before his fetal battle ; a village now re-
«( markable for little more than its plain un-
^^ ornamented church ; and at the fomth
^^ mile on the turnpike-road an easy turn
^f conveyed us tq Sutton Cheynell, where
we were to enter on the business of tracing
out, from actual observation, in conjnnc-
*• tion with our accurate companions, tlie
^^ precise situation of the two Armies, both
** before and at the time of their engage-
^^ ment ; a task that was the less diflBcult
^^ as both Mr. Robinson and Mr. Hutton
** had already taken much laudable pains to
^* investigate this curious desideratum in
English History,



^^ Our horses, you well remember, were
left at Sutton ; concluding that on foot we
^* should be better able to explore

^ sum will be 1 74. The girth in the middle of the
^ butt is five feet 10 inches.'' J. R.— See a view of
this remarkable Tree in the Fourth V61ume of the His-
tory of Leicestershire, vol. IV. pi. LXXVJ. p. 477.


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■ ' ^< each lane^ and every alley green^
Dingle, or busby dell of the wild wood^
And every bosky boom from side to side.**


Our guide was Mr. Robinson* ; who^ on
** the precise 300th anniversary from the day
on which the battle was fought^ had tra*
versed the ground ; and has given his opi*
nion in so concise a way^ that I cannot do
^^ better than transcribe his words : ^ I have
^^ often^' he says, * been on the spot. The
" few trees I have drawn repres^it the
^^ jlmhiem wood, which is but small. On
^^ the side next Hinckley is some tender
^^ ground, where it is said the King's horse
^^ was mired; and on the other side of the
wood is King Richard's Well. Thi^Ambiem
is supposed to be the place of the engage-
ment ; but there are many opinions of the
position of the line of battle^ which the

* See a Portrait and some Memoirs of Mr. Robin**

son in the History of Leicestershire^ vol. IV^ PL

CXVIILp. 693. ^ ^

'^ following^*


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*^ following, I tlunk, will stifBcieBtly deter*
*^ mine. Richmond is said to have taken a
** particular position for securing his right
^ wing, &ۥ ; and by so doing, it is agreed^
^^ he bad the sun on his back, and full in
^^ the face of his enemies ; and the battle b
'* reec»rded to have been fou^t on the 22d
*' of August, 1485, at two o'clock in the
^^ aftOTHoon. If, therefore, we draw a me-
'^ ridian on the spot, and another line to the
'^ Westward of the same, making an angle
** of 30**, and then intersect the same at right
angles, we have the position of the line of
battle as drawn in my Map. The King^s
army, consisting of 16,000, would make
*^ an extensive line ; and that of Richmond
*^ being hardly one-third of the number, it
" would be necessary to secure his wings in
^^ the best manner possible ; therefore, it is
" said, he secured the right wing with a
'^ morass, and probably the left with the
** brook at Shenton, in which position he
^* would have Dadlingtpn brook in his rear.'

*^ Assisted

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^ Assisted by the ingenioos ideas of 'Mr«
^^ Huttciv we again and again compsu*ed the
^ local sanation; and I have every reason
^^ to beBe've that' the plan now given is tole-
^* rably exact ; and to that I may venture to
^ refer, as the dearest account of the ^ot
^ that has ever yet been delineated*.

** With the repetition of historical facts, I
^^ shall not at present tire youf . If you are
^^ inclined to consult the Chronicles of the

times, you may find them amply detailed

in Holinshed, vol II. p. 7^3 ; in Speed,
^ p. 947 — 952 ; in the various particular
•^Biographers of Richard the Third and
" Henry the Seventh j or in any of the more

general Historians.

I remain, dear Sir, yours faithfully,

^ March 31, 1790. J. NicholsJ



♦ In the annexed Plate is given a conjectural View
of the BattTe, as delineated by Mr. Throsby.

t I bad fondly hoped to have gratified a worthy


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^^ R S. I herewith add^ in elucidation of
^* the Plan of the Battle of Bosworth^ care-
^* fully surveyed in its several points by us
^^ all^ and delineated by Mr. Pridden^ the
^^ result of the remarks of various explorers
^^ of this interesting and historic portion of
'^ the County^ and of our own inquiries and
** observations/'

friend by this recital of a day^s adventure, in wliich
he bore a considerable part; but ^what,** says Dr.
Johnson, << are the hopes of man !*' I am *' disap-
<< pointed by the stroke of Death !" So* lately as the
day on which the letter bears date, Mr. Wells saw it
in MS. and was delighted with the idea of its being
speedily to appear in print. Whilst the sheet which
Contained the letter was first actually passing through
thepresSj I learnt, with inexpressible concern, that
he died, of a putrid fever, on Saturday May 1, 1790.
^^ His studies had been various, and his acquaintsnce
''with books was great^* See his portrait, and a
biographical account of bim^in the History of Leicen
tmhire, vol. IV. Plate LXIX. p. 460.


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^ 'Ji. A ithdi ibdf^i, or bag, ti6kr Which' it
iSf ^tf' teh^ Richard's lidHfe yfy^A mtreci.
Hia^ ^i ^ ftm&U dak; ani Several slimbs
^oWltlg taj[it)n it; M tAst of the groxifail
a%Atefiifef6lemblydiy. ' ^ ^

J3.* A fcttttegfe, late fiickiey's, hbw Mor-
ris's, uninhabited.

C. Hewitt's cottage, uninhabited.
^ jD. A small sparing, called ifiTig- itichdfS's

JS. Ilie White-moors, nearShentoh, where
Henry encamped the night before the bakle.
HRther Johh Herdwick, who lived at Lind-
l^y-Hall, about three miles off, led the van
d^owh into the field.

JP! Hanging - hill, near Nether Coton.
liere Sir William Stanley pitched his caihp.
This hill is very, steep on the side towards
t^e fi^tdi dnd herd he could obse'rvie th6 mo-
ttdiiiS 6f'A6 two Ankiies. liofd Stanley's
c&inp hking 6n th6 opposite hill, Whef e h6
hkfltti^*ameiavatrt!4gfe, they were enabled
^ s t«

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to act io conjunction^ by signals firpm each
other : this . plan was pre-concerted in the
interview with Heprj at Atherston. Sir
William Stanley halted at Temple-hall^ a
very high hill, where he threw up . some
breast- works, but found he was too hi frran
the main Army.

G. Bosworth Park.

J£. Cadeby. The Duke of Norfolk came
through this village, on his way to the camp;
and here he gained information how each
army was situated. ^

/. Duke of Norfolk's camp. The Qite of
this camp in 1485 was a wood, which Joined
the other. It was cut down in 1748 ; and
is now converted into a farm. In stubbing
up the roots, and clearing the ground, there
were found various instruments of war;
spears, swords, arrows, battle-axe§, (many of
them very sharp-pointed), scull-capa, breast-
plates, and above a dozen knives, one of
which was about 12 inches long. Most (^


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tfaMOv ciu4ost<MB are pre8erved^ by Mr^ Po^
chin^ at Bosworth HadL
. .&^Di^keii'fi( N^ok ; a hillock :ivhence King
Richatcl harangued *hia Army . Here the Duke
of l^orfolk joined the King. On the rising
ground to the North-west KingRichard drew
up hid forces before he engaged ; and on an
emipeikre ni^ar this ^adonthe Kii^ placed
his natural son^ to see the result of the day ;
who, if the battle should be lost, was to
malce off in disguise ; which he accordingly
did, and afterwards, it is said, learned the
trade of a stone-mason.

X. Stapleton; where King Richard en-
camped the night before the battle.

L. Ambien-wood.

M. Ambien-hill. At the top of this hill
was Lcurd Stanley^s camp.

N. Crown-hillj near Stoke Grolding. Hen-
ry pursued the King's forces to this place ;
and on it he was invested with the Royal
\ ... s2 Crown.

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Grown. It §till rtteii^s ibe Qim0>of CMMm
Hill, or JBangf Harry' t HUl

Q. PadUogton* Indbuted^paoea of ground^
prohably the graw9. of tbs victuM in thk
bloody battle, are viaiUe in several qpots
about this village^

P. Badmore-pkon^ oommcmly called Sut^^
ten CoW'pasture, where the battle began;
and where the two Stanleya, descending
from the acyoining hiUs with then? reserved
farces, cut the communj^tion off between; the
King andlws main Army } and led to the de-
cision of the business of thi^^ imp^taqt d»y/'

Sir John Savage junior, of Qift^n, co.
Chester (second earl Rivers), commanded
the left wing at the b^ttle>in Bosworth field;
for which Henry VIL gave hiai, oMm aUiSf
the manor of Shepeshed^^&C^ aind.thti^esiALtes
of sir Francis Lgveftf.

♦ Sir Peter Leycester, p. 232.


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Ridiard BbughCon^ sheriff foi Wai^ck-
shire and Letcestorahire^ was killed in Bos*
worth field.

A Sacheverell, kiHed there, is buried in
Morley church, near Derhy.

William Gilj^n was slain in BoSworth

An Att 6f Attainder was j^sed in Par-
liament witJt all possible expedition^ which
begins^ thtrs : ^^ Foragrmoche as every King,
^^ Prince, atnd- Liegfe Lord, the mor^ hie
^^ tfiat he be in estate and prihcfni^iience,
^ tile ihbre singularly he is bound tb thfe ad-

varicementf and preferring of that indefie-

reni^vertue Justice; and proihtitdhge arid
^ rewatrdinge Vertiie, arid Bi'dppressihgie and
^punishinge Vice: Wherefore oune Sove-
*^nagne Lord^ calleinge untb hys blessed

rem^iribraunce thys hi^h and grete charge


* HutcUnson's History of Duikam^ vol. II. p. S49.

*^ adjoyned

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^* adjoyhed to Hys Hoyall Majestie and Es-
^^ tate^ not oblivious nor puttinge out of hys
^^ godly mind the unnaturally nkischeivous^
^^ and grete perjuries^ treasons^ homicides^
^* and murdres^ in shedding of infants blood,
*^ with manie other wronges, odious offences^
^^ and abominac'ons ayenst God and man,
and in esp'all oure said Soveraigne Lord,
committed and dpone by Richard late Duke
<^ of Glouc', callinge and nameijige hymself,
" by usvupfic'on, King Richard the iii^; the
^^ wbiph, with Jo^n lat? duke of NorlT,
^^ Thomas erle of Surrie, Francis !Lovell kn't
^^ vise' Lovell^ Walter Devereux kn't, late
*^lord Ferrers, John lord Zouche, Robert
^^ Harrington, Richard Charleton, Richard
'' Ratclifie, William Berkeley of Welley,
*^ Robert Brakenbury, Thomas Pilkinton,
^* Robert Midletoiine, James Harrington,
*' kn^ts ; Walter Hopton, William Catesby,
<* Roger Wake, V^liam Sapcott, Humfrey
^:^^ Stafford, William Gierke of Wenlocke,

^^ Jeflfrcy





Jeffriey S*t Jermin^ Richard Watkins, her*
^^ iauld of armes, Richard Revell of Derbi*
*^ shyre, Thomas Poulter of the countee of
*^ Kent the younger, John Walsh otherwyse
*^ called Hastinges, John Kendale, late se-
<^ cr^tarie to this said Richard late duke,
^* John Buck, Andrew Ratt, and A^Uiam
*^ Bramton of Burford, the xxi** daie of
'^ August, the first yere of the Teigne of oure
'^ Soveraigne Lord, assembled to theyme atte
Leicestre in the countee of Leycestre a
grete hoste, traiterously intendinge, ima*
gininge, and conspireinge, the destruc-
c'on of the Kinges royall p'soune, oure
*^ Soveraigne Leige Lord. And they, with
^* the same hoste, with banners ^pred, migh-
** tyly armed and defenced with all manner
** armes, as gunnes, bowes, arrowes, speres,
<^ gleves, axes, and all other manner articles
^^ apt or needfuU to gef and cause mightie
^^ battsdlle agen oure said Soveraine Lord,
^^ kept tbgedre firdm the said xsai^ daie of

" the

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^^. ^n^.tlieyfne cp9duoed to ^ fj^Xf^ yntb^n, the
f^ said shyjre pf lieig^^if^) theri?^ Uvgil^t?, ^pd
" contI^ue(| ^eUberac'on^, t^ter9\;M|ly levied
" wai;re a^fist our^ §aid ^pveraype tofd,
" ^nd h^s, true subjects, there being, in ^is
" 8(^ifW)e ap4 ^4iAtajp9e gilder «, Va^VQ!?fl.of
^^ owe^ 82ud Spvej;aine t^^^ io t;Ue, ^yemoB
" 0^ tljls ir^^^, JWid coln'o^, weale of the

." same**!'

By this Act, the above persons are all
declared traitors, and their estates forfeited ;
with an exception in favour of John Cates-
ble, knight, Thomas KenneU, and "William
Ashby, esquires, for tKe manor of Kirbie-
upon-Wretheck, in the county of Leicester,
and of other lands and tenements in Kirbie,
Stretton, Somerby, Thorp Segfeld, and Go-
debie, which they had of the g^ft and feoff-
ment of Thomas Davis and John Byef •

* Rot Pari 1 Hen, VI^ vol. YI. p. ?7g^, . , f .
t Ibid, 277.

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BO&WORTH f tBLD. jsa

^^ A co'mi&gioQ to i41, Q^&cer3>. ^erqiorsj
^^ tenents^ aii4 otjber occupyeraof A]wlm!d9]»i|h
^^ of Matkfit Botfwor^^ to aceept'Sir Marma-
^^ dnke'Ootistabk as owner of y*^ said lord-
" ships, and to content unto him all there
^^ rents and duties of there fermes and tenures,
** from Michaelmas last past/ and so for
** thensforth ; and to ayde him in entring
** into the said lordships. Yeven th^ x;^viU
*^ day pf JV^arch, a° primo*/'

The death of Richard, and subsequent
conduct of Henry, are thus related by Chiles

<< He like a E|ore (bi&.baariag:^¥9«rthe^$fO)^;^
A co^nisaiice ^bich with biaiowcla'^reQs)^

Broke up the cukes, tq Bicbmond'^ selfo, an4 U>re
Men up like tree$ ; men that ai:e like to trees

Inverst ; but Richmond he extirped not.

^ Non tibi spir^,^ was this Rosens mott.

♦ Harl. MSS. 4S3. p. 16^. a.

t In his «* History, of Henry the Sevcntb.**^

X See the seal in the Plate, fig. 9, p. 363^

« There

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' ** There an untutour^d fortitude did try
Experimental! valoilr^ personall strength i

That i», soft Richmond Ricbsrd^d defie»
And warded the Boreas tuskes at his sworde's length :
You could not have a cleaner valour seene.
Though Magnanimity had incarnate beene.

<' And his impression in his souldiers* hearts
Made them his medals ; he like cbymicke fire

Put soules of gold into their earthy parts ;
And by his mountures taught them to aspire :

Actions of King^ are precepts ; what they doe

Seeme to be precedents, and warrants too.

<' Exempli gratia^ s teach not ; but coropell ;
There^s no such Canon as Authoritie ;

They do their doctrine tacitly refell.
Who with their acts doe not exemptifie :

Men practise what they see by Leaders done ;

Not Caesar's ItOy but his Vent won*.

^^ Now Conquest with her wings fanM every side
With equall hope, and strooke with equall feare :

Like scales with constant motion they sKde,
Now that is upward, and now this is there ;

And Henrie*s faith with feares, yet hopes was mix'd,

Like to those starres which tremble, yet are fix*d*


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B^'SWORtfl'FfjfcLD. 255

" The Ancients gave a spheare to Victory,
On wbicti her feete stand giddie and uneven ;

But hence just causes draw alacrityi
Her hands are holden by the hand of HeaVen :

Here's Henrie's feare, she on a spheare doth stand ;

Here's Henrie's hope, Jove holds her by the hand. ,

*^ As thus the question doubtfully did stand.
And unconcluded ; Stanly did come on

With sword, and a decision in his hand :
Thus under the Equator, when the Sunne

With hottest flames tosteth the people's skinne^

The constant breeze brings a coole rescue in.

** The case at worst Stanley determines it.
The souldiers' cries this martiatl court adjourhe ;

And temper Danger in her highest fit.
Were Daphne woman still, she'd sooner tume

A Laurell to crowne him, than to escape

The lustful! charges of Apollo's rape.

*^ Yet Richard with such rage himselfe commits
With the whole hoast, that be may make the story [fiti

Questron'd 'though writ by Truth : but these strong
Were lightnings before death ; for this world's glory

-Is figur'd in the Moone, they both waxe duU,

And suffer their eclipses in their fiilL


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'< Andnawlseehiiasuike: 14$ egm^did mak^
A shot like falling starres : fteah euty and done :

Groaning he did a tt^t^ly fai^well takt^ ,

And in.lna i>igbt of de^lb wt like the Simne ;

For Richard in his West seemed greater^ than

When Riohaffd shinM in hi» Meridian;

^< Tlu^ee jeares he acbed ill^ these tvro houretw^II,
And with unmated reaoltttiod strove :

He fought a* bratfrely^ . as he justly* fell;
As did the Capitoll to Manlius pro¥^

So Bosworth did to bioi) the monument

Both of his glory and his^pumshmebt.

^ Here leave his dust incorporate with mould ;
. He was a^ King ;. that cdballeng(eftb respect :

Passe by his tombe in silence^ as of old
They did their heroes temples^ and erect

An altar, to Oblivioiii, while* I>

Another build to Henrie^s memory*

** This fortune swelM not^ Henry to a brave ;
Mercy«8iep'd io^' and^Mrougbl'a probibitioit :

Those^aire beat temper- d fortitudes which bare
Some grainea of pitti# in their composition :

Valcur^s the iron virtue ;. yet abates

Nought of herselfib with silke upon her pi atesJ


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^^The wreath of cooqueit in a generous miode
Is an induocoient to a mocleration ;

In all exalted spiriti yo« shall finde
Something of hanrfileneste for nidgatioa :

Ai\d Old Aome bwhf as Manut tfaougbt bet^

The Fane of Hononr lower than t)ie rest.

^^ He oonqnerM^ jet ajr prostrate in the field
(His sacred canape did like a tes»ple looke) :

Where Heniy. first -did standi :»ow Hcnrjr kntel*d,
And changed his sword into a piBjrex4.bQoke ;. .

And solemnefy did % 7!r. Jkmn^ any ;

Heaven^s a kinde deditbuif vhoih thaakes oui pay.

^ Care and has. Crowne met at lus head together ;
He is no soooer kitig^ fattilie. must be

An CEdipuSy and s(d«e tUe riddle, whether
He*le claime by wile, or birtb^ or victory :

But for thia triple knot, Bewy had stor'd

A trqile wedg% and brol^e thistbreefold cord.

^' If by his, Wifir^ he iO}e£EBct bad sagrd
The line of Yorl^e vfts faell^Mbao bis Ofmm: ; - .

Or why should man, who is the woman's head.
To a woman's hand dfoe lioiiiag6 f6r a crowne i

And Henry idiought it an uhkingly thing.

To have his crowne indebted to bis ring.

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'^ Nor would he claime by ponqaest^ or fpre part
Unto the sword : for. that: would bat aflPcigfat

The Realme to forcM obedience, and start
Men into giddy subjects ; : for it might

Make their faith stagger^ and obediootae mele^

If Henrie's scepter had beine made of Steele.

** At last his love to faimselfe made the case plaine.
That titles royall in his blood did flow^

And e^ery veine^ was a basilick veine :
This made him absolute r Henry did koow^ '

That Princes were- most independent when

Their crowne do hold of Nature, not of men. .

^ Having thus definM, which sodwiely was done,
(For^s consultation and his choyse did goe

Together,) in a progresne be set on
For London, in a cocu:h* iinseene, and so

Appearing not, some God appearM to be.

Whom men adore, and yet no shape doe siee.

'^ Then orisons and hymnes at Pauleys were sung,
And (as before) Te Dcum ^^trng tgeni

* One should like to see the picture pf it. Richard
II. rode through London in a whirl^te. Btow. —
Grammont has told us that the first glass^coach ap-
p^ed in Charles the Second's time« G. Ashby.


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His banners in the church for offerings hung.
When Henry pray'd in th* armie, the campe then
AppearM a church ; when he his banners reared
Within the churchy the church a camp appearM.

^ Suspicion now whisper'd these aires abont.
That Henry was not rcall : erery head

That could not cleare^ yet could create this^donb^
That Henry never would with El»gland wed.

And joyne with Yorke : how can a sheete •nfold '

Two Houses, which a Kingdome could not bold ? .

*^ This doubt had ground ; for he had gi^ea some
To match with Brettaigne : but his case required

Some reservation, and another scope
Than he pretended, or than they desirM :
In common tracts great actions must not goe,
Here that^s the King's highway, , which fewest
know. , / '

'^ To hush th^ talke, he promis'd faithfully i' •>
To match at hoijae ; and make this upisiQ appear;

A fable, gotten in adultery, . ... , ;

Bctweene a scandalous tongue an4,itph^9g e^^ : . .

Bad them trust Henry, i^^j^^h^ buzze oiFame,: ^

Which, like some hound, op^ns. inhere is no^gaoiev


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** His Comfefttibli tftto he hastened
Whiiih (that th6 titie'^ght be all his ovroe)

B^crre the marriige was accomplished/
Least dhe might seeme a sharer ih the crowne :

For, thouigh in other loves 'ti;s strange, j^ he

Knew that his lov^ might here bis xivM be.

.^^ Aiid fbf bis glef^ Mid i»9 sftfecy too,
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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 13

Online LibraryWilliam HuttonThe battle of Bosworth Field : between Richard the Third and Henry Earl of Richmond, August 22, 1485 : wherein is described the approach of both armies : with plans of the battle, its consequences, the fall, treatment, and character of Richard : to which is prefixed, by way of introduction, a histor → online text (page 13 of 14)