William Hutton.

The battle of Bosworth Field : between Richard the Third and Henry Earl of Richmond, August 22, 1485 : wherein is described the approach of both armies : with plans of the battle, its consequences, the fall, treatment, and character of Richard : to which is prefixed, by way of introduction, a histor online

. (page 14 of 14)
Online LibraryWilliam HuttonThe battle of Bosworth Field : between Richard the Third and Henry Earl of Richmond, August 22, 1485 : wherein is described the approach of both armies : with plans of the battle, its consequences, the fall, treatment, and character of Richard : to which is prefixed, by way of introduction, a histor → online text (page 14 of 14)
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. And^ which Jiave tareljrbeene allied; by ll'at^

He did unite security and state. .

*f l^b^ft eaird a FarliMient, so to pfoblaitn'6
That Justice wslft the ^le he'de goVerne by ;

And that a cr^^ne alone #as riot his ayme ;
Thus Hep<aile», eonstelled in the skie,

Tbofigb with one band he at the Crowi^e doth readi.

He doth the other to the Balance stretch.

<< the^ ^h 8 getieriilllpsrdon h& Ahm
The ftli^at'ibf * adte»# pttttf: be did fintfe' ^

That feare lodgM in a^stit^t^ yfeSi i^ rki^
A dah^«¥ou^ pa^btt : a^ wi see cotnbin'd

Tb* dtdifcr* of causes in Ae chiin6 of Fat^

So^'slrfpassioiis; if^e Feare, vVehate." *

"The



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BOSWORTH FIELD. S6l

" The Battle of Bosworth, enameled on a
*^ jewel usually worn by King Henry VIII/*
was sold among King Charles the First's
pictures ; and is said by sir Joseph AyloflFe,
in I77^j to have been then in the posses-
sion of the Hon. Horace Walpole*.

Mr.Burton mentions majiy curiosities hav-
ing been found; of which several are yet
preserved.

A pair of gilt spurs, found on the site of
the Field of Battle, are kept with great care
in the church-chest at Bosworth.

In the very curious and extensive Museum
of my late friend Mr. Richard Greene, of
Lichfield, was " An amulet, or charm, being
^^ a ring of brass found on the Field of Bat-
^^ tie near Bosworth/'

* Archsologta, vol. III. p. 190. But I have Lord

Orford^s express authority, in a letter to myself, by

his immediate direction, for saying that it was not

there. J. N.

T In



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*<J« Tttfe BATTLE O^

In the same vety eurioas dabihet was the
vary elegant Cfoss-bovr, found also in Bos-
worth Field, and delineated in the annexed
Plate, % 1. a. h.

In the same Plate, fig. 2. and 3. are
iBpear-heads, of which, as well as of axrows,
4^at numbers hav^ been found*

Fig. 4. is a sword, with a very strong iron
guard, xsv basket, sufficient to repel a severe
blow, from an enemy. The outer part of the
hilt is gone ; the blade is long and narrow,
and has only one edge, except towards the
point ; the whole length, from the pommel
to the point, is four feet* This sword had
been in possession of the Darker family
many years ; and came, through the hands
of Mr. Wheatley of Hinckley (who bought
it at the daie of the effects of Mr. Darker
of BarweQ) to die well -stored Museum of
Mr. Richard Fowke of Elmsthorpe*

Two



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BOSWORTH FIELD. 263

Two other swords, fig. 5. and 6. are pre-
iKTved, by Mr. Perkins, at Orton-on-the-
HiU ; and Mr. Babington, at Rothley Temple*

Fig. 7- «• 2Lnd b. are in the extensive
Museum at Liverpool.

A braes thumb-ring, found in the field
where the battle was fought, impressed with
the moon and seven stars, and now in my
possession, is engraved in fig. 8.

A gold seal-ring*, fig. 9, on which was
enaioeled a white boar, fell into the hands of
the late Dr. Charles Mason, of Trinity G>1-

* ^^ I was always disposed to think this seal be-
*^ longed to one oi Richard the Third's followers ; and
*^ that the boar was his bad^e or cognizance ; and the
^ motto his too, Fraunche^ Frank ; Free^ liberal ; add
'^ that Shakespeare alluded to it in a vefy perverted
** s^nse : * My son George Stanley hath he franked in
** hold ;• from boars being fed freely, though con-
^ fibed : but the S prefixed makes me doubt. Q. Ste-
'** phen, or Simon, Fr. ? Usually it would stand for
^* Sigillum; but then, I think, a Christian name
^ would follow**^ Q, ASHBY.

T 2 lege,



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364 THE BATTLE OF

lege, Cambridge ; after whose death, it was
bought for William the fifth Duke of De-
vonshire, and thus illustrated by Dr. Pegge,
in a letter to Dr. Lort :

^^ The Duke of Devonshire's seal-ring, of
^^ which, by his Grace's favour, I have an
^' impression, is a very fine jewel. It weighs
^' nearly 12 dwts. and is in the best arid
^^ highest preservation, being perfect, as I
" remember, in every respect. The inscrip-
*^ tion over the boar is, S. th: JEnche, or
^^ Euche. That is, when written at length,
" /Sigillum TAomae JEuche^ for so I would
*^ read it rather than Enche^ and my reason
*^ will obviously appear below.

^^ The French motto in the inside of the
^^ orbicle of the ring is, Honeur if joye.
^^ To bestow a few words on the subject :
** This, Sir, is the only example I have ever
** seen, of an inscription placed in a sealrring
^' in the area of the gem along with the de-
*^ vice ; the legends being commonly written
*^ in a circle round the stone^ and not cut
** upon it as here.

"As



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BOSWQRTH FIELD. a6s



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As I find no English family of the name
^* of JEncke or Muche in my books, nor at
" the Heralds^ Office, which I have con-
" suited for the purpose, I incline to thuik
" that Euchcj pronounced JEukcj is a Bri-
^^ tish or Welsh name. Hwchy in that Ian- ^
*^ guage, is a hog or a boar, and our Eng-
" lish word hog is borrowed from it. 1 need
" not observe to you. Sir, that the Heralds, in
^^ assigning both their bearings and cogni-
^^ zances, very frequently allude to the sound
*^ or meaning of the person's name j just as
" here they appear to have given the device
" of a boar or hog, Hwch in British, to a
^* person of the name of JEuJce. I have
^^ knovm people of the names of Pig, Boar,
" and Hog, in England, just as we have in
** Latin jiper. Verves^ Scrqfa, &c *. ; and
^* why not Euke or Hwch among the Bri-
*^ tons ? It certainly is not the name of a
place, whence many of our surnames are
taken, because it wants^the necessary pre*
^* fix de. Many, no doubt, will recollect
** the story of Arrius Aper^ upon this oc-
^^ casion ; but, as every body may not, I will






* Carr. Sigon. <le Nom. Rom. p. 356. 358. 359. 360.

" briefly



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u66 THE BATTLE OF



^^ briefly report it : ^per was fatber-iD-kw
^* to the promising J omig emperor Numeri*
^^ anus, and his murderer ; but was immedi*
^^ ately seized, and laid in prison. Diocletian
" succeeded Numerianus; and he, when a
^^ private man, had been told by a Druidejss,
^^ that he should obtain the empire when he
*^ kad killed a boar. After he was proclaimed
^^ emperor by the soldiers, he caused ^per
^* to be brought to him, reproached him
*^ with the murder of his prince, and then,
^^ coming down from the tribunal whence he
*' had been speaking, he stabbed him him-
'^ self, and observed upon it, ^ that he had
" killed the fatal boar/ And the Historian
" observes, he would never have begun his
^^ reign with an act of cruelty, had he aot
^^ had in his eye the Druidical prediction
'^ above - menticmed, and been desirous <^
^^ fulfilling it. This, Sir, you must allow,
^^ is exceedingly dpropos^ since there is an
^^ allusion in the (reature or animal to the
*^ name, in the very samf3 manner as the
" device on the ring points, accordii^ to our
*^ interpretation, to the name oi the owner.

• Veiu^cua, NmueyriM. p. 302*

*^To



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BOSWORTH FIELD. W7



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To return. Henry VIL landed m Wales,
f^ when he came to England, and upon hif
** expedition against Richard III. ; and h^
^^ had many Britons, particularly gentlemen,
*^ in his army. Euche was probably one of
** them, as he seems to have been a person
** of note : and therefore, though the white
*^ boar was ihe badge of Richard, aiui
'^ though, considering the plioe where the
^* ring was found, ««. in Bosworth Field,
^ soipe people may be led to imagine Tho-
^ maB £uke might be a retainer of his^ es-
^^ cially as it in^s common for dependants to
^ take the arms, or crests, or badges, of
" their patrons, with the prc^r variations,
^' yet this ring may much more reasonable
^* be thought, upon the ground of history,
^* to belong to one of Henry's pco^ than to

" one of Richard's. Sam. Pegge.'*

Fig. 10. is one of the knives found in the
JXdsje of Norfolk's Camp^.

Fig* 11. is an old bridle found on the site
of the Field of Battle, but not likely to be
60 andent as the time of Richard*
* bee i»e£or«9 p, 2iS,

Fig.



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JM THE BATTLE OF

Fig, 12. 13. are a Cornu AmmoBis, and a
Fibula^ found at Barkby ; and communicated
by the Rev. Henry Woodcock.



At the distance of 160 years. Bos worth
Field again became the theatre of war ; as ap*
pears by the following letter, which was pub-
lished in 1644 by Parliamentary authority*.

** Worthy Sir — This day's success, so far
" beyond expectation^ hath hastened .these
^* lines, as I promised, to give you a speedy
*^ account of our proceedings here. This
morning intelligence ws^ brought to our
horse-quarters that the enemy were plunder-
ing about Hinckley ; whereupon my noble
Lord Gray, being ever ready of any oppor-



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♦ Extracted from " A Copy of a Letter sent from
'^ the Lord Fairfax to the Mayor of Hull ; and by him
^^ sent to the Committee of both Kingdoms ; concern-
«* ing the great Victory obtained against Prince Ru-
'^ pert about the Raising the Siege at York. Also a
'' true Relation of a defeat given to Colonel Hastings
"by the Lord Gray's Forces, July 1, 1644, at Bos-
" worth Field, in. the very Place where King Richard
" the Third was slain : With the Names of such Com-
^^ manders and Soldiers as were slain and taken.
"Printed, according to Order, July 6, 1644.'*

" tunity



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BOSWORTH FIELD. 269



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tunity to serve his country, forthwith sent
out a well-resolved party, under the com-
mand of Captain Babington, consisting of
80 good horse. They marched towards Bos-
worth Field, where they overtook 120 of
Hastings's forces, and there fought with
them, in the very place where King Richard
was slain. At the first charge, the enemy fled ;
our men made a hot pursuit for three miles,
** killed six, wounded many, took 40 prisoners,
^^ a Ibt whereof I have inclosed, as truly col-
" lected as the short time will permit ; for I
*^ believe, upon further examination, there
^^ will be found a greater number of officers
^^ than are here named ; for the habits and
^^ postures of many of the prisoners give just
" cause to suspect their condition to be far
^^ above common Troopers. Wc lost not one
^^ man ; Captain Babington shot in the hand^
" whose behaviour I cannot pass : At the
" discovery of the Enemy, he made a stand,
^^ and gave strict command to his soldiers to
" forbear plunder, but to go on courageously
^^ with him; and promised them, on the
" word of a Gentleman, that if the day
f< proved theirs (which he feared not, with

« God's



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«70 THE BATTLE OP

** God^s assistance)^ what prize should be
** gained from the Enemy should be theirs.
^' This succeeded, and is performed accord-
^ ingly. There was also wounded on our
^* party the Quarter-master to Sir £4ward
*' Hartof)p ; he is shot in the thigh, and a
common soldier or two slightly wounded.
And, to make our success the greater, this
was done after we had three days hard
•* mardb, and but four hours refreshment
^* before this design was undertaken (our
fordes being called back from their march
to sir William Waller, upon intelligence of
the enemy's design to plunder our country.)
^* We attribute all to the Giver of Victories.
*^ I pray you let us hear what good news
•* the West affords ; which will be as wel-
*^ come to us, 33 I am confident this will be
** to you. If you intend correspondency, be
^^ as diligent to take opportunity as is,
•^ Your most affectionate friend and servant,

" Lekedety July 1, 1644.

" My Lotd is now gone out in person, in
•* pursuit of Colonel Nevill and colonel Pate,

^* who



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BOSWORTH FIELD. 271

*^ who are plundering the other side of the
^^ country. We pray for his good success.

^* Three-score horses taken. Onfe hun-
*^ dred cattle, besides sheep and other goods
^^ in a very great proportion, rescued and re-
*^ stored to the owners.'*



LIST OF PLATES.



^ 1 . Portrait of Richard III. - to fate the Title.

" 2. Portrait of Edward IV. -• -p. xiu

^3. Portrait of Henry VIL * • - - xiii.

^ 4. Mr. Button's Plan of the Battle- - - 1

^ 5. Blue Boar Inn, and Bedfetead- • - - 48
6. Mr. Kobinson's Map of the Countfy

round Hinckley - * 183

^ 7. Shenton Hall, in its antient state - - 235
^ 8. Mr. Throsby's Conjectural View of

the Battle «43

' 9. Mr. Priddetfs Plan of the Battle - - «44

10. Curiosities found on Bosivorth Field 262

11. Another Plate of the Curiosities 26i



Frinted by Nichols, Son, and Bentlbt,
Rtd Lion Passage, FlMt Slftet, Loadoa.



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4t^4e The first part of this Woik (180 pnges) having heen printed at a

CouDtiy Press, the Reader is requf^Rted to luirdon the foliuwinff

ERRATA:

TMge xvii* * line 14, read shot.

xlii. 1, catastrophe.

— xlvii, — - 8, — too.

liii. 5, 1 . . ;

Uxvii. — tI f - pnncpa/.

Ivi. 15 J ^. . ,

Ixviii. —14; J attainder.

Ixxi. 10, pa//.

——Uxii. 8, humble.

— ^Ixxix. -—10, interim.

■ ' — — 15, *~ sal down.

^— *ixxxii. 8, — challenge.

— 1 1 , • ....... challenging.

Ixxxiii. — - 2, attendee?.

— 19, 15, — unparalleled.

20, 15, Holinsbed.

48, 18, Throsbj'.

i=7ti.4'^d8:f— S"'''"'-"-

— — 64, 16, after London put a comma only.

— S9f — — 3, for * four or five hundred * read • four
or five.' See the Advertisement, p. v.

-^— 98, line 1, — corroborate.

-^— 99, 8, — losers.

— — 103, >, — — coi^rse.

■ 118, — 9, conqueror.

— 130, ~ 18, — in /Ae centre,

— 137, f , particularly.

•-^—139, 16, : struck.

• .1S6, 3. letter V

——139, —17,— mortgage.

— 141, — -II,— wearing.

— 144, — 3, — — depredate.

150, 17, for « brother ' read • related.'

....^l^l^ ««— 13, read timoiout.




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Online LibraryWilliam HuttonThe battle of Bosworth Field : between Richard the Third and Henry Earl of Richmond, August 22, 1485 : wherein is described the approach of both armies : with plans of the battle, its consequences, the fall, treatment, and character of Richard : to which is prefixed, by way of introduction, a histor → online text (page 14 of 14)