William L. (William Loring) Worcester.

On holy ground : Bible stories with pictures of Bible lands online

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the famine of your houses : but bring your youngest brother unto me ; so
shall your words be verified, and ye shall not die. And they did so. And

they said one to another, We
are verily guilty concerning
our brother, in that we saw
the anguish of his soul, when
he besought us, and we would
not hear ; therefore is ' this dis-
tress come upon us. And
Reuben answered them, saying,
Spake I not unto you, saying,
Do not sin against the child ;

(Photograph by W. N. Bates.) , , , . , a ,-,

and ye would not hear/ there-
fore, behold, also his blood is
required. And they knew not that Joseph understood them ; for he spake
unto them by an interpreter. And he turned himself about from them, and
wept ; and returned to them again, and communed with them, and took from
them Simeon, and bound him before their eyes. Then Joseph commanded
to fill their sacks with corn, and to restore every man's money into his sack,
and to give them provision for the way : and thus did he unto them. And
they laded their asses with the corn, and departed thence. And as one of
them opened his sack to give his ass provender in the inn, he espied his
money; for, behold, it was in his sack's mouth. And he said unto his
brethren, My money is restored ; and, lo, it is even in my sack : and their
heart failed them, and they were afraid, saying one to another, What is this
that God hath done unto us? And they came unto Jacob their father unto
the land of Canaan, and told him all that befell unto them; saying, The
man, who is the lord of the land, spake roughly to us, and took us for
spies of the country. And we said unto him, We are true men; we are no
spies : we be twelve brethren, sons of our father; one is not, and the
youngest is this day with our father in the land of Canaan. And the man,
the lord of the country, said unto us, Hereby shall I know that ye are true
men; leave one of your brethren here with me, and take food for the
famine of your households, and be gone : and bring your youngest brother
unto me : then shall I know that ye are no spies, but that ye are true men :
so will I deliver you your brother, and ye shall traffick in the land. And
it came to pass as they emptied their sacks, that, behold, every man's bundle
of money was in his sack : and when both they and their father saw the
bundles of money, they were afraid. And Jacob their father said unto
them, Me have ye bereaved of my children : Joseph is not, and Simeon is
not, and ye will take Benjamin away: all these things are against me. And
Reuben spake unto his father, saying, Slay my two sons, if I bring him not



to thee : deliver him into my hand, and I will bring him to thee again. And
he said, My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and
he is left alone : if mischief befall him by the way in the which ye go,
then shall ye bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.

And the famine was sore in the land. And it came to pass, when they
had eaten up the corn which they had brought out of Egypt, their father
said unto them, Go again, buy us a little food. And Judah spake unto him,
saying, The man did solemnly protest unto us, saying, Ye shall not see
my face, except your brother be with you. If thou wilt send our brother
with us, we will go down and buy thee food : but if thou wilt not send
him, we will not go down : for the man said unto us, Ye shall not see my
face, except your brother be with you. And Israel said, Wherefore dealt ye
so ill with me, as to tell the man whether ye had yet a brother? And they
said, The man asked us straitly of our state, and of our kindred, saying,
Is your father yet alive ? have ye another brother ? and we told him accord-
ing to the tenor of these words: Could we certainly know that he would

Island of Philas, at the first cataract of the Nile.

say, Bring your brother down? And Judah said unto Israel his father,
Send the lad with me, and we will arise and go; that we may live, and not
die, both we, and thou, and also our little ones. I will be surety for him ;
of my hand shalt thou require him : if I bring him not unto thee, and set
him before thee, then let me bear the blame for ever: for except we had
lingered, surely now we had returned this second time. And their father
Israel said unto them, If it must be so now, do this ; take of the best fruits
in the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little balm,
and a little honey, spices and myrrh, nuts and almonds : * and take double

* " Balm," " spices," and " myrrh" are the same gums which the Ish-
maelites were carrying who brought Joseph into Egypt. " Honey" was
perhaps a syrup of grape juice. " Nuts" were pistachio nuts, and " almonds"
we all know.


money in your hand; and the money that was brought again in the mouth
of your sacks, carry it again in your hand; peradventure it was an over-
sight. Take also your brother, and arise, go again unto the man : and God
Almighty give you mercy before the man, that he may send away your
other brother, and Benjamin. If I be bereaved of my children, I am

And the men took that present, and they took double money in their
hand, and Benjamin; and rose up, and went down to Egypt, and stood
before Joseph. And when Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the

ruler of his house, Bring
these men home, and slay,
and make ready; for these
men shall dine with me at
noon. And the man did as
Joseph bade; and the man
brought the men into Jo-
seph's house. And the men
were afraid, because they
were brought into Joseph's
house; and they said, Be-
cause of the money that
was returned in our sacks
at the first time are we
brought in; that he may
seek occasion against us,
and fall upon us, and take us for bondmen, and our asses. And they came
near to the steward of Joseph's house, and they communed with him at the
door of the house, and said, sir, we came indeed down at the first time to
buy food : and it came to pass, when we came to the inn, that we opened
our sacks, and, behold, every man's money was in the mouth of his sack, our
money in full weight : and we have brought it again in our hand. And other
money have we brought down in our hands to buy food : we cannot tell who
put our money in our sacks. And he said, Peace be to you, fear not : your
God, and the God of your father, hath given you treasure in your sacks : I
had your money. And he brought Simeon out unto them. And the man
brought the men into Joseph's house, and gave them water, and they washed
their feet; and he gave their asses provender. And they made ready the
present against Joseph came at noon : for they heard that they should eat
bread there. And when Joseph came home, they brought him the present
which was in their hand into the house, and bowed themselves to him to
the earth. And he asked them of their welfare, and said, Is your father
well, the old man of whom ye spake? Is he yet alive? And they answered,
Thy servant our father is in good health, he is yet alive. And they bowed
down their heads, and made obeisance. And he lifted up his eyes, and saw
his brother Benjamin, his mother's son, and said, Is this your younger
brother, of whom ye spake unto me? And he said, God be gracious unto
thee, my son. And Joseph made haste; for his bowels* did yearn upon

by W. N. Bates.)

The Second Pyramid.

* " Bowels" is used in the old sense of " feelings."



his brother : and be sought where to weep ; and he entered into his chamber,
and wept there. And he washed bis face, and went out, and refrained
himself, and said, Set on bread. And they set on for him by himself, and
for them by themselves, and for the Egyptians, which did eat with him,
by themselves : because the Egyptians might not eat bread with the Hebrews ;
for that is an abomination unto the Egyptians. And they sat before him,
the firstborn according to his birthright, and the youngest according to his
youth : and the men marvelled one at another. And he took and sent messes
unto them from before him : but Benjamin's mess was five times so much
as any of theirs. And they drank, and were merry with him.

And he commanded the steward of his house, saying, Fill the men's
sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put every man's money
in his sack's mouth. And put my cup, the silver cup, in the sack's mouth

of the youngest, and his
corn money. And he did
according to the word that
Joseph had spoken. As
soon as the morning was
light, the men were sent
away, they and their
asses. And when they
were gone out of the
city, and not yet far
off, Joseph said unto his
steward, Up, follow after
the men; and when thou
dost overtake them, say
unto them, Wherefore
have ye rewarded evil
for good? Is not this
it in which my lord
drinketh, and whereby
indeed he divineth % * ye
have done evil in so
doing. And he over-
took them, and he spake
unto them these same
words. And they said unto him, Wherefore saith my lord these words'?
God forbid that thy servants should do according to this thing: behold,
the money, which we found in our sacks' mouths, we brought again unto
thee out of the land of Canaan : how then should Ave steal out of thy
lord's house silver or gold 1 ? With whomsoever of thy servants it be
found, both let him die, and we also will be my lord's bondmen. And he
said, Now also let it be according unto your words : he with whom it
is found shall be my servant; and ye shall be blameless. Then they
speedily took down every man his sack to the ground, and opened every

Dom-palms of Upper Egypt.

* The Egyptians used bowls partly filled with water or other liquids in
" divining" or foretelling the future.



(Published by C. H. Graves, Phila.)

A Nile boat under full sail.

man his sack. And he searched, and began at the eldest, and left at

the youngest : and the cup was found in Benjamin's sack. Then they

rent their clothes, and laded every man his ass, and returned to the city.

And Judah and his brethren

came to Joseph's house; for

he was yet there: and they

fell before him on the ground.

And Joseph said unto them,

AYhat deed is this that ye have

done? wot ye not that such a

man as I can certainly divine?

And Judah said, What shall we

say unto my lord? what shall

we speak? or how shall we clear

ourselves? God hath found out

the iniquity of thy servants :

behold, we are my lord's ser-
vants, both we, and he also with

whom the cup is found. And

he said, God forbid that I

should do so : but the man in

whose hand the cup is found,

he shall be my servant; and as for you, get you up in peace unto your


Then Judah came near unto him, and said, my lord, let thy servant,

I pray thee, speak a word in my lord's ears, and let not thine anger burn

against thy servant : for thou art even as Pharaoh. My lord asked his

servants, saying, Have ye a father, or a brother? And Ave said unto my

lord. We have a father,
an old man, and a child
of his old age, a little
one ; and his brother is
dead, and he alone is
left of his mother, and
his father loveth him.
And thou saidst unto
thy servants, Bring him
down unto me, that I
may set mine eyes upon
him. And we said unto
my lord, The lad can-
not leave his father : for
if he should leave his
father, his father would
die. And thou saidst
unto thy servants, Ex-
cept your youngest

brother come down with you, ye shall see my face no more. And it

came to pass when we came up unto thy servant my father, we told

(Photograph by E. W. Strawbridge. )
The patient ass.



him the words of my lord. And our father said, Go again, and buy
us a little food. And we said, We cannot go clown : if our youngest
brother be with us, then will we go down: for we may not see the man's
face, except our youngest brother be with us. And thy servant my
father said unto us, Ye know that my wife bare me two sons : and the
one went out from me, and I said, Surely he is torn in pieces; and I
saw him not since : and if ye take this also from me, and mischief befall
him, ye shall bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave. Now
therefore when I come to thy servant my father, and the lacl be not with
us; seeing that his life is bound up in the lad's life; it shall come to pass,
when he seeth that the lad is not with us, that he will die : and thy servants
shall bring down the gray hairs of thy servant our father with sorrow to the
grave. For thy servant became surety for the lad unto my father, saying,

If I bring him not unto thee,
then I shall bear the blame to
my father for ever. Now
therefore, I pray thee, let thy
servant abide instead of the
lad a bondman to my lord;
and let the lad go up with
his brethren. For how shall
I go up to my father, and
the lad be not with me? lest
peradventure I see the evil
that shall come on my father.

Then Joseph could not re-
frain himself before all them
that stood by him ; and he
cried, Cause every man to go
out fi*om me. And there stood
no man with him, while Jo-
seph made himself known
unto his brethren. And he
wept aloud : and the Egyp-
tians and the house of
Pharaoh heard. And Joseph
said unto his brethren, I am
Joseph; doth my father yet
live ? And his b r e t h re n
could not answer him; for they were troubled at his presence. And
Joseph said unto his brethren, Come near to me, I pray you. And they
came near. And he said, I am Joseph your brother, whom ye sold into
Egypt. Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves, that ye
sold me hither: for God did send me before you to preserve life. For
these two years hath the famine been in the land : and yet there are five
years, in the which there shall neither be earing nor harvest. And God sent
me before you to preserve you a posterity in the earth, and to save your
lives by a great deliverance. So now it was not you that sent me hither,
but God : and he hath made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his

(Copyright, 1903, by William H. Rail, Phila.)
A Cairo street.


house, and a ruler throughout all the land of Egypt. Haste ye, and go up
to my father, and say unto him, Thus saith thy son Joseph, God hath ma.de
me lord of all Egypt : come down unto me, tarry not : and thou shalt dwell
in the land of Goshen, and thou shalt be near unto me, thou, and thy chil-
dren, and thy children's children, and thy flocks, and thy herds, and all that
thou hast: and there will I nourish thee; for yet there are five years of
famine; lest thou, and thy household, and all that thou hast, come to
poverty. And, behold, your eyes see, and the eyes of my brother Benjamin,
that it is my mouth that speaketh unto you. And ye shall tell my father
of all my glory in Egypt, and of all that ye have seen; and ye shall haste
and bring down my father hither. And he fell upon his brother Benjamin's
neck, and wept; and Benjamin wept upon his neck. Moreover he kissed
all his brethren, and wept upon them: and after that his brethren talked
with him.

And the fame thereof was heard in Pharaoh's house, saying, Joseph's
brethren are come: and it pleased Pharaoh well, and his servants. And
Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Say unto thy brethren, This do ye; lade your
beasts, and go, get you unto the land of Canaan; and take your father
and your households, and come unto me: and I will give you the good of
the land of Egypt, and ye shall eat the fat of the land. Now thou art
commanded, this do ye; take you wagons out of the land of Egypt for
your little ones, and for your wives, and bring your father, and come. Also
regard not your stuff ; for the good of all the land of Egypt is yours. And
the children of Israel did so : and Joseph gave them wagons, according to
the commandment of Pharaoh, and gave them provision for the way. To
all of them he gave each man changes of raiment; but to Benjamin he gave
three hundred pieces of silver, and five changes of raiment. And to his
father he sent after this manner; ten asses laden with the good things of
Egypt, and ten she asses laden with corn and bread and meat for his
father by the way. So he sent his brethren away, and they departed: and
he said unto them, See that ye fall not out by the way. And they went up
out of Egypt, and came into the land of Canaan unto Jacob their father, and
told him, saying, Joseph is yet alive, and he is governor over all the land of
Egypt. And Jacob's heart fainted, for he believed them not. And they told
him all the words of Joseph, which he had said unto them : and when he saw
the wagons which Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit of Jacob their
father revived. And Israel said, It is enough ; Joseph my son is yet alive :
I will go and see him before I die. — Genesis XLII., XLIIL, XLIV., XLV.


We must look again at the map and see the way by which
Jacob and all his family came from Canaan into Egypt.
Many were walking, leading the flocks and driving herds of




cattle. The feeble ones and little children were riding in
the wagons that Pharaoh had sent.

They left the home in Hebron, and stopped in passing
at Beersheba in the South Country. When they came to

the strip of green which
reached from the mead-
ows of the Nile towards
the east, they were in the
rich pastures of Egypt.
And Pharaoh commanded
that this very district
should be their home,
where there was such
good pasture for their
flocks and herds.

You cannot fix the
boundaries of the land
of Goshen exactly, but it
was on the eastern border of the rich meadow land. You
ride through it to-day if you go by the railroad from Cairo
to Ismailia on the Suez Canal. ' ' The land of Rameses ' ' was
another name which included Goshen and probably more.

(Copyright, 1904, by C. H. Graves, Phila.)
Sheep and cattle, Egypt

And Israel took his journey with all that he had, and came to Beer-
sheba, and offered sacrifices unto the God of his father Isaac. And God
spake unto Israel in the visions of the night, and said, Jacob, Jacob. And
he said, Here am I. And he said, I am God, the God of thy father: fear
not to go down into Egypt; for I will there make of thee a great nation.
I will go down with thee into Egypt; and I will also surely bring thee up
again : and Joseph shall put his hand upon thine eyes.* And Jacob rose
up from Beer-sheba : and the sons of Israel carried Jacob their father, and
their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to
carry him. And they took their cattle, and their goods, which they had
gotten in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed
with him : his sons, and his sons' sons with him, his daughters, and his sons'
daughters, and all his seed brought he with him into Egypt. . . .

And he sent Judah before him unto Joseph, to direct his face unto
Goshen ; and they came into the land of Goshen. And Joseph made ready
his chariot, and went up to meet Israel his father, to Goshen, and presented
himself unto him ; and he fell on his neck, and wept on his neck a good while.
And Israel said unto Joseph, Now let me die, since I have seen thy face,
because thou art yet alive. And Joseph said unto his brethren, and unto
his father's house, I will go up, and shew Pharaoh, and say unto him,

Joseph should be with him when he died.


My brethren, and my father's house, which were in the land of Canaan,
are come unto me; and the men are shepherds, for their trade hath been
to feed cattle; and they have brought their flocks, and their herds, and all

(Photograph by G. L. Kobiuson.)

In the Land of Goshen.

that they have. And it shall come to pass, when Pharaoh shall call you,
and shall say, What is your occupation? that ye shall say, Thy servants'
trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, and
also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every
shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians.

Then Joseph came and told Pharaoh, and said, My father and my
brethren, and their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have, are come
out of the land of Canaan; and, behold, they are in the land of Goshen.
And he took some of his brethren, even five men,, and presented them unto
Pharaoh. And Pharaoh said unto his brethren, What is your occupation 1 ?
And they said unto Pharaoh,
Thy servants are shepherds,
both we, and also our fathers.
They said moreover unto Pha-
raoh, For to sojourn in the
land are we come; for thy
servants have no pasture for
their flocks; for the famine is
sore in the land of Canaan :
now therefore, we pray thee,
let thy servants dAvell in the
land of Goshen. And Pha-
raoh spake unto Joseph, say-
ing, Thy father and thy breth-
ren are come unto thee : the
land of Egypt is before thee;
in the best of the land make

thy father and brethren to dwell; in the land of Goshen let them dwell:
and if fchou knowest any men of activity among them, then make them

(Copyright, 1004, by C. H. Graves, Phila.)

A Nile farm : divided for irriffatinj



rulers over my cattle. And Joseph brought in Jacob his father, and set
him before Pharaoh : and Jacob blessed Pharaoh. And Pharaoh said
unto Jacob, How old art thou? And Jacob said unto Pharaoh, The days
of the years of my pilgrimage are an hundred and thirty years : few and
evil have the clays of the years of my life been, and have not attained unto
the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their

pilgrimage. And Jacob
blessed Pharaoh, and went
out from before Pharaoh.
And Joseph placed his
father and his brethren,
and gave them a posses-
sion in the land of Egypt,
in the best of the land, in
the land of Rameses, as
Pharaoh had commanded.
And Joseph nourished his
father, and his brethren,
and all his father's house-
hold, with bread, according
to their families. . . . And
Israel dwelt in the land of
Egypt, in the country of
Goshen; and they had pos-
sessions therein, and grew, and multiplied exceedingly.

And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years : so the whole
age of Jacob was an hundred forty and seven years. And the time drew
nigh that Israel must die : and he called his son Joseph, and said unto
him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, put, I pray thee, thy hand
under my thigh, and deal kindly and truly with me; bury me not, I pray
thee, in Egypt : but I will lie with my fathers, and thou shalt carry me out
of Egypt, and bury me in their buryingplace. And he said, I will do as
thou hast said. And he said, Swear unto me. And he sware unto him. And
Israel bowed * himself upon the bed's head. — Genesis XLVI. 1~7, 28-34;
XLVII. 1-12, 27-31.

Copyright, 100-i, by C. H. Graves, Phila. )

A Nile farm : threshing lentils.


Some three hundred and fifty years passed by and things
were changed in Egypt. Joseph had died long ago, and the
Pharaoh who made him rnler. He was one of the Hyksos,
or "shepherd" kings who came into the country from the

Bowed in prayer.



east, and for a while ruled northern Egypt. Afterwards
the native Egyptian kings from higher up the Nile grew
strong and drove out the invaders and brought all Egypt,
including the land of Goshen, under their rule. The "new
king who knew not Joseph" was one of these.

We can learn a great deal about Egypt in those days
when the children of Israel were persecuted and made slaves.
Many of the great temples which still stand were built at
that time, and the great Rameses II., whose statues and mon-
uments are found everywhere in Egypt, and whose very
mummy is preserved, was the king who oppressed the people
most cruelly.

The capital of Egypt in those days was Thebes, far up
the river, but the king held court in other places, and when

Statues of Eameses IT. cut in the cliff, great temple, Aboo Simbel.

he was at Zoan in the Delta he was near to Goshen and the
children of Israel.

The pictures on the walls of temples show us this king
going to war. Other pictures show us how the poor people
were made to work at making bricks and building, with
masters standing over them with sticks to keep them to their
task. So the children of Israel had to build for Pharaoh the
store-cities, Pithom and Raamses. These were in the part
of Egypt where the children of Israel lived, and were no
doubt used to store grain for Pharaoh's armies which went



out to war in Asia. Pitliom has been found in the eastern

Online LibraryWilliam L. (William Loring) WorcesterOn holy ground : Bible stories with pictures of Bible lands → online text (page 6 of 42)