William Michael Rossetti William Shakespeare.

The complete works of Shakespeare: With a critical biography online

. (page 136 of 224)
Online LibraryWilliam Michael Rossetti William ShakespeareThe complete works of Shakespeare: With a critical biography → online text (page 136 of 224)
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That the may long live here, God say— Amen !

'Eweunt



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DRAMA! i:^ PERSONS.



urlwV.



rAUX.



COtlSIITH. fl«mttoiBMvirAw to <^u«ll ZathaztiM.

Pir — 6«&tteiiuii.

Dootor BUTTS, phyviclan t tht Xlaff.

Oaner Klac at AmM.

Svrrwror to tlM Oau of BaeUiudiUL

B&ANDON.

A Bwgsant at Ama.

Ooor-KMpor of tlio OoancU Gbambtr.

Portor and hli Man.

Pa« to Oardlnar.

A Orier.

QoMB KATHABUTB, wife to Ktaf Hanrj,

aftorwanU dlvore«d.

AMHB BULLEN, maid of honoiir to Qaeen Kathartea,



An Old Lady, Criand to Ana Bvlleii.
?ATIEHGE, woman to Qnaea Katharlnt.
Bavaral Lord* and Ladles la the dumb thowe; Wonea
attendlmt upon tlie Qaeen ; Bnlxite which appear to her ;
Bolbei, Offlcen, Chiardi, ajul otliar Aktindaats,

Bo*,at



PROLOGUE.



I come no more to ma)ce yon laugh ; things now,
That bear a weighty and a serious brow,
Sad, high, and working, full of state and woe,
Such noble scenes as draw the eje to flow,
We now present. Those that can pity, here
Hay, if they think it well, let fall a tear ;
The subject will deserve it. Such as give
Their money out of hope they may believe,
Mav here find truth too. Those Uut come to see
Only a show or two, and so agree,
The play may pass ; if they be still, and willing,
III undertake may see away their shilling
Richly in two short hours. Only they
That come to hear a merry, bawdy play,
A noise of targets; or to see a fellow
In ft long motley coat, guarded with yellow.



Will be deceiv*d: for, gentle hearers, know,
To rank our chosen truth with such a show
As fool and fight is, beside forfeiting
Our own brains, and the opinion that we brmg
fTo make that only true we now intend).
Will leave us never an understanding friend.
Therefore, for goodness^sake, and, as yon are known
The first and happiest hearers of the town, '
Be sad, as we would make you : Think, ye see
The very persons of our noble story,
As they were living ; think, you see them great
And followed with the general throng and sweat
Of thousand friends ; then, in a moment, see
How soon this mightiness meets misery !
And if you can be merry then. 111 say
A man may weep apon Lis wedding-day.



ACT L



SCENE I.~London. An Antechamber in the
Palace,

Bitter ihe Duke of Norfolk, at one door: at the
other^ the Duke of Buokinoiiam, and the Lord
Abeboayennt.

Buck, Gtood morrow, and well met How have
you done,
Sinoe last we saw m France?

i\ror. I thank your grace :

Healthful ; and ever since a fresh admirer
Of what I saw there.

Buck, An untimely ague

Stay'd me a prisoner in my chambu', when
Those suns of glory, those two lights of men,
Met in the yale of Andren.

Nor, Twixt Gaynes and Arde:

I was then present, saw them salute on horseback ;
Beheld them, when they lighted, how they clung



In their embraoement as they grew together;
Which had they^ what four throned ones oould

have weighed
Such a compounded one?

Buck, All the whole time

I was my chamber's prisoner.

Nor, Then yon lost

The view of earthly glorjr : Men might say.
Till this time pomp was single, but now married
To one above itself. Each following day
Became the next day*s master, till the last
Made former wonders its : To-day, the French,
All clinquant, ill in gold, like heathen gods.
Shone down the English, and, to-morrow, they
Made Britain, India : every man that stood
Showed like ft mine. Their dwarfish pages were
As chembims. all eilt: the madams too.
Not us'd to toil, did almost sweat to bear
The pride upon them, that their veiy labour j

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Was to them as a painting: Now tliis mask ^
'Was cry'd incomparable; and tlie ensaing night
Made it a fool and beggar. The two Icings,
Equal in lustre, were now best, now worst,
As presence did present them ; him in eye
Still him in praise : and, being present both,
*rwas said they saw but one; and no discemer
Durst wag his tongue in censure. When tliese suns
(For 80 thej phrase them) hy their heralds chal-
lenge
The noble spirits to arms, they did perform
Beyond thought*s compass; that former fabulous

story,
Bchig now seen possible enough, got credit
That Bevis was believ'd.

Buck, 0, you go far.

Hot, As I belong to worship, and aflfect
In honour honesty, the tract of everything
Would by a good di^courser lose some life,
Which action's self was tongue to.

Buck. All was royal ;

To the disposing of it nought rebel Kd,
Order gave each thing view ; the offioe did
Distin^y his fuil function. Who did guide?
I mean, who set the bodv and the limbs
Of this great sport together ?

ATor. As you g^ess:

One, certes, that promises no element
In such a business.

BucL I pray yon, who, my lord ?

Nor. All this was ordered by the good discretion
Of the right reverend the cardinal of York.

Buck. The devil speed him I no man's pie is
freed
From his ambitious finger. What had he
To do in these fierce vanities? I wonder
That sucli a keech can with his very bulk
Take up the rays o' the beneficial sun,
And keep it from the earth.

-ATor. Surely, sir,

There's in him stuff that puts him to these ends:
For, being hot propp'd by ancestry, whose graoe
Chalks successors their way; nor call'd upon
For high feats done to the oroMm ; neither allied
To em nent assistants; but spider-like.
Out of his self-drawing web, — 1 give us note I—
The force of his own merit makes nis way ^
A gift that heaven gives for him, which buys
A place next to the king.

Aber. I cannot tell

What heaven hath given him, let some graver eye
Pierce into that ; but I can see his pride
Peep through each part of him : Whence has be

that?
If not from hell the devil is a niggard^
Or has given all before, and he begins
A new hell in himself.

Buck, Why the devil,

Upon this French goingout, took he upon him,
W ithout the privity o* the king, to appoint
Who should attend on him ? lie makes up the file
Of all the gentry ; for the most part such
To whom as great a charge as Utile honour
He meant to lay upon : and his own letter

^he honourable board of council out)
ust fetch him in the papers.
Aber, I do know

Kinsmen of mine, three at the leant, that have
Bv this so sickened their estates, tliat nevei
They shall abound as formeriy.

Buck, O, many

Have broke their baoka with laying manors on
hem



KING HENRY VTIL



For thif great jonmejr. What did this Ttnity,
But minbter communication of
A most poor issue ?

Nor, Grievingly Ithinic,

The peace between the French and us not yalnei
The cost that did conclude it.

Buck. Every man.

After the hideous storm that foUow'd, was
A thing inspired; and, not consulting, broke
Into a general prophecy,— That this tempest,
Dashing the garment of this peace, aboded
The sudden breach ont

Nor. Which is budded out;

For France hath flaw'd the league, and hath

attach'd
Our merchants' goods at Bourdeaox.

Aber. Is it therefore

The ambassador is sfleno'd?

Nor. Marry, is't

Abcr, A proper title of a peace ; and purohas'd
At a superflnous rate I

Buck. Wh^, an this business

Our reverend cardinal carrieid.

Nor, 'Like it your grace.

The state takes notice of the private difference
Betwixt you and the cardinal. 1 advise you
(And take it from a heart that wishes towards you
Honour and plenteous safetjr)* that you read
The cardinal s malice and his potency
Together: to consider further, that
What his high hatred would effect wants not
A minister in his power: You know his nature,
That he's revengeful ; and I know his sword
Hath a sharp edge : it's long, and't may be said,
It reaches far ; and where 'twill not extend.
Thither he darts it. Bosom up my counsel,
Yoall find it wholesome. Lo, where comes that

rock
That I advise yon shunning.

Enter Cardinal' Woubbt (ihe purse home l^fbre
himL certain Of the Ouard^ and two Secretaries
with jpapere. The Cardinal in hie paasage
fixcth his eye on Buckingham, otiJBdciukouam
on hwit bothfuU of disdain,

WcL The Duke of Buckingham's surveyor? ha?
Where's his examination ?

1 Seer, Here, so please yon.

WoL Is he in person ready?

1 Seer, Ay, please your grace.

Wol. Well, we shall then Know more; and
Buckingham
Shall lessen this big look.

{Exeunt WoLSBT and Train

BucL This butcher's cur is venom-mouth*d,
and I
Have not the power to muzzle him ; therefore, best
Not wake him in his slumber. A beggars book
Out-worths a noble's blood.

Nor, What, are you chafd?

Ask God for temperance ; that's the appliance only
Which your dise&se requires.

Buck, I read in his looks

Matter a^nst me ; and his eye reviVd
Me, as his abject object : at this instant
Ue bores roe with some trick : He's gone te the

king;
111 follow, and oot^tare him.

Nor. Stay, my lord.

And let your reason with your choler question
What 'tis you go about : To clhnb steep hills
Reouires slow pace at first : Anger is like
A f'uU.ho' horse ; who fe^e^'^feOg IC



KINQ HENRY VHI.



Salf-metile tires Mm. Not a man in England
Can advise me like 70a : be to jroorself
As TOQ would to your Mend.

^Sud, ni to the king:

And from a month of bononr quite cry down
This Ipswich fellow's insolence; or proclaim
There's difference in no persons.

Nor. BeadTis'd;

Heat not a ftimace for yoor foe so hot
That it do singe yourself : We may out run,
By violent swiftness, that which we run at,
And lose by over-running. Know you not
The fire that mounts the liquor till it run o*er,
In seeming to augment it, wastes it? Be advised :
I say again, there is no English soul
More stronger to direct you than yourself:
If with the sap of reason you would quencn,
Or but allay, the fire of passion.

Buck. Sir,

I am thankful to jon : and 111 go along
By your prescription :— but this top-proud fellow
(W horn from the flow of gall 1 name not, but
From sincere motions), by intelligence.
And proofs as clear as founts in J uiy, when
We see each grain of gravel, I do know
To be corrupt and treasonous.

Ncr. Hay not treasonous.

Buck. To the king 111 sa/t; and make my
Yooch aa strong
As shore of rock. Attend. 1 his holy fox,
Or wolf, or both (for he is equally ravenous
As he is subtle; and as prone to mischief,
As able to perform it : his mind and place
Infecting one another, yea, reciprocally),
Only to show his pomp as well in France
As here at home, suggests the king our master
To this last coatly treaty, the interview,
That swallowed so much treasure, and like a glass
Did break i' the rinsing.

Nor. Taith, and so it did.

Buck. Pt^Tt gi^e me &voQr, sir. This cunning
cardinal
The articles o' the combination drew
As himself pleased; and they were ratified,
As he cried. Thus let be : to as much end,
Asgiveacrutch tothedead: But our count-cardinal
Has done this, and *tis well; for worthy Wolsey,
Who cannot err, he did it. Now this follows
rWhich, as I take it, is a kind of puppy
To the old dam treasonL^Charles the emperor,
Under pretence to see tne queen his unt

?''or twas. Indeed, his colour; but be came
whisper Wolsey), here makes visitation :
His fears were, that the interview betwixt

VntrlanH ftud Franntt mtrrlt» thwmt^u ..k^:.. ^.^t^^



im



Eniar Bkahdoh; a Sergeant at Arma h^fiw km
and ttoo or three t(f the Ottard.

Bran. Tour office, sergeant { execute it

Serg. Sir,

Hy lord the Duke of Buckingham, and Earl
Of Hereford, Stafford, and Northampton, I
Arrest thee of high treason, in the name
Of our most sovereign king.

Buck. Lo you, my lord,

The net has fallen upon me ; I shall perish
Under device and practice.

Bran. I am sorry

To see yon ta*en from liberty, to look on
The business present : Tis his highness' pleasure,
Tou shall to the Tower.

Buck. It will help me nothing

To plead mine innocence ; for that aie is on me.
Which makes my whitest part blaotc The will

of Heaven
Be done in this and all things!— I obey.—

my Lord Aberga'ny, fare you well.

Bran. Nay, he must bear you company :— The
king [7b ABEROA.yBKHT.

Is pleas'd you shall to the Tower, till you know
How he determines further.

Aber. As the duke said.

The will of heaven be done, and the king's pleasure
By me obey'd.

Bran. Hem is a warrant from

The king, to attadi Lord Montaoute; and the

bodies
Of the duke's confessor, John de la Car,
One Gilbert Peck, his chancellor,—

Buck. 8o,soi

These are the limbs of the plot: no more I hope.

Bran. A monk o' the Chartreux.

Buck. O, Michael Hopkins?

Bran. He.

Buck. My surveyor is false ; the o'er-great cardinal
Hath show'd him gold : my life is spann'd already :

1 am the shadow of poor Buckingham ;
Whose figure even this instant cloud puts on.
By dark*ning my clear sun. — My lords, farewell.

[^Sxeunt.

SCENE II.— ras OouncU-Chamber.

Comets. Enter King Hehrt, Cardinal Wolsbt,
the Lords of the Council, Sir Thomas Lovell,
Officers, and Attendants. The King enters,
leaning on lAs Cardinal's Jundder.
K. Hen. My life itself, and the best heart of it.
Thanks you for this great care . T stood i' the leve»
Of a fulf-charg'd confederacy, and give thanks



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Never name to ub ; 70a ha^e hidf oar power ;
The other moiety, ere jou ask, is given ;
Repeat jour will, and take it

Q, Kath, Thank yonr majesty.

That 70Q woQid love yonrself, and in that love.
Not unconsider'd leave joor honour, nor
The dignity of your o^ce, is the point
Of mypetition.
K, Hdu Lady mine, proceed.
Q, Kath, I am solicited, not by a few.
And those of true condition, that yonr sabjects
Are in great grievance: there liave been com-
missions
Sent down among them, which have flaw*d the

heart
Of all their loyalties: — wherein, althongh,
My good lord cardinal, they vent reproaches
Host bitterly on you, as putter-on
Of these exactions, yet the king our master,
(Whose honour Heaven shield m>m soil I) even he

escapes not
Language unmannerly, vea, such which breaks
The sides of loyalty, and almost appears
In loud rebellion.

Nor. Not almost appears.

It doth appear : for, upon these taxations,
The clothiers all, not able to maintain
The many to them 'longing, have put off
The spinsters, carders, fullers, weavers, who.
Unfit for other life, oompeird by hunger.
And lack of other means, in desperate manner
Daring the event to the teeth, are all in uproar,
And <unger serves among them.

K, Hen, Taxation I

Wherein? and what taxation?— My lord cardinal,
You that are blam*d for it alike with us.
Know you of this taxation ?

WoL Please you, sir,

I know but of a single part, in aught
Pertains to the state; and front but in that file
Where others tell steps with me.

Q, Katli, No, my lord.

You know no more than others : but you frame
Things, that are known alike, which are not

wholesome
To those which would not know them, and yet

must
Perforce be their acquaintance. These exactions
Whereof my sovereign would have noto, they are
Most pestilent to the hearing ; and to bear them
The back is sacrifice to the load. They say
They are devis'd by you ; or else you suffer
Too hard an excUmation.

K, Hen, Still exaction I

The nature of it? In what kind, let's know.
Is this exaction?

Q, Kath, I am much too venturous

In tempting of your patience ; but am bolden'd
Under your promis'd jiardon. The subject's grief
Comes through conmiissions, which compel nrom

each
The sixth part of his substance, to be levied
Without delay; and the pretence for this
Is nam'd, your wars in I< ranee : This makes bold

mouths;
Tongues spit their duties out ; and cold hearts

freeze
Allegiance in them ; their curses now
Live where their prayers did ; and it's come to pass,
This tractable obedience is a sUve
To each incensed will. I would your highneat
Would give it quick consideration, for *

There is no primer baseness.



KINO HENRY VHI.



KUem. By my life.

This is against our pleasure.

W6L And for me,

I have no further gone in this, than by
A single voice; and that not pass'd me, but
By learned approbation of the judges. If I am
Traduc'd by ignorant tongues, which neither know
My faculties, nor person, yet will be
The chronicles of mv doing, — let me say
Tis but the &te of pUu^ and the rough brake
That virtue must so through. We must not stint
Our necessary actions, in the fear
To cope malicious censures ; which ever,
As ravenous fishes, do a venel follow
That is new trimm'd ; but benefit no farther
Than vainly longing. What we oft do best,
By sick interpreters, once weak ones, is
Not ours, or not allow'd ; what worst, as oft.
Hitting a grosser quality, is cried up
For our best act. If we shall stand still.
In fear our motion will be mock'd or cai^'d at,
We should take root here where we sit, or sit
State statues only.

K, Hen, Thuigs done well.

And with a care, exempt themselves from fear ;
Things done without example, in their issue
Are to be fear'd. Have vou a precedent
Of this commission ? I believe not any.
We must not rend our subjects from our laws.
And stick them in our wUl. Sixth part of each ?
A trembling contribution 1 Why, we take
From every tree, lop, bark, and (nrt o' the timber ;
And, though we leave it urith a root, thus hack'd,
The air wUl drink the sap. To every county.
Where this is question'd, send our letters, with
Free pardon to each man that has denied
The force of this oommission : Pray, look tot ;
I put it to your care.

W6L A word with you. [7b t%s Secretary.
Let there be letters writ to every shire.
Of the king's grace and pardon. Toe griev'd

commons
Hardly conceive of me ; let it be nois'd.
That through our intercession this revokement
And pardon comes : I shall anon advise you
Further in the proceeding. [EaeU Secretary.

J?n£er Surveyor.

Q, Kath, I am sorry that the Duke of Book-
ingham
Is run in your displeasure.

K, Hen, It grieves numy :

The gentleman is leam'd, and a most rare speaker.
To nature none more bound ; his trauiing such
That he may furnish and instruct great teachers.
And never seek for aid out of himself. Yet see
When these so noble benefits shall prove
Not well dispos'd, the mind growing once corrupt
They turn to vicious forms, ten times more ugly
Than ever they were fair. This man so complete,
Who was enroird 'mongst wonders, and when we.
Almost with ravish'd list'ning, could not find
His hour of speech a minute : he, my kdy.
Hath into monstrous habits put the graces
That once were his, and is become as black
As if besmear'd in belL Sit by us ; vov shall hear
(This was his gentleman in trust) of him
Things to strike honour sad.— Bid him recount
The lore-recited practices; whereof
We cannot feel too little, hear too much.

W6U Stand forth ; and with bold spirit relate
what you.
Meet like a careful sutgeot, have ooHeoted ^ ' 1 ^
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Out of the Duke of BuoUDgham.

K, Hen, Speek freelj.

Burr. First, it was Qsnal with him, every daj
It would infect his speech^ That if the king
Should without issue die, he'd carrj it so
To make the sceptre his : These verj words
I liave heard him utter to his son-in-law,
Lord Aberga'ny; to whom bj oath he menac*d
Revenge upon the cardinal.

WoL Please your highness, note

This dangerous conception in this point.
Not friended bj his wish, to your high person
His will is most malignant; and it stretches
Beyond you, to your friends.

Q, KtUh, My Ieam*d lord cardinal,

Deliver all with charity.

K, Hen, Speak on :

flow grounded he his title to the crown,
Upon OUT fail? to this point hast thou heard him
At any time speak aught?

Stiro, He was brought to this

By a vain prophecy of Nicholas Henton.

K, Hen. What was that Henton ?

Surv, Sir, a Chartrenx friar.

His ctnfesser ; who fed him every minute
With words of sovereignty.

K. Ben. How knowVt thou this ?

8urv, Not long before your highness sped to
France,
The duke being at the Rosej within the parish
Saint Lawrence Poultney, did of me demand
What was the speech among the Londoners
Coaceming the French journey : I replied.
Hen fear'd the French would prove perfidious.
To the king's danger. Presently the duke
Said, Twas the fear, indeed ; and that be doubted,
Twould prove the verity of certain words
Spoke by a holy monk : '' that oft,** says he,
** Hath sent to me, wishing me to permit
John de la Car, my chaplain, a choice hour
'1*0 hear from him a matter of some moment:
Whom after under the confession's seal
He solemnly had sworn, that, what he spoke,
My chaplain to no creature living, but
To me, should utter, with demure confidence
This pausingly ensued— Neither the king nor his

heirs
JTell ^a the duke] shall prosper : bid him strive
To gain the love of tiie oommonalty ; the duke
Shall govern England."

Q. Kaih, If I know you well,

Tou were the duke's surveyor, and lost your office
On oomplahit o' the tenants : Take good heed
Ton charge not m your spleen a nohle person,
And spoil your nobler soul I I say, take heed ;
Te». heartily beseech you.

A. Hen. Let him on :—

Go forward.

Suro. On my soul. Ill apeak but truth.
I told my lord the duke, by the devil's illusions
The monk might be deoeiv'd; and that twas
dangerous for him



KING IIENKY VIU.



671



K.Hm Proceed.

Buro. Being at GreenwiolL

After your highness had reprov'd the duke
About Sir William Blomer,*-

K, Hen, I rememher

Of such a time— Being mv sworn servant.

The duke retain'd him his. But on; What

hence?

JSurv. *' If," quoth he, " I for this had been oom-
mitted,
As, to the Tower, I thought,— I would have play'd
The part my &ther meant to act upon
The usurper Richard ; who, heing at Salisbury,
Made suit to oome in his presence; which, if

granted,
As he made semblance of hb duty, would
Have put his knife into him."

K. tlen. A giant traitor!

WoL Now, madam, may his highness live in
freedom.
And this man out of prison?

Q.Kath. God mend all I

Jl. Em. There^ something more would out of
thee? whatsay'st?

awv. After—'' the duke his fSather,*'— with *' the
knife,"—
He stretch'd him, and, with one hand on his dagger.
Another spread on his breast, mounting his eyes,
He did dischargee horrible oath ; whose tenour
Was, — were he evil us'd, he would outgo
His father, by as much as a performance
Does an irresolute purpose.

JT. Hen. There'b his period,

To sheath his knife in us. He is attach'd *
Call liim to present trial : if he may
Find mercy m the law, *tis his; if none.
Let him not seek 't of ua : By day and night.
He's traitor to the height. [ExeunL

SCENE Uh-^A Ram m the Bdaee.
Enter ihe Lord Chamberhiin and Lord Sakdb.

Chain. 1st possible the spells of France should
juggle
Men into such strange mysteries?

Somds. New customs,

Thouffh they he never so ridiculous^
Nay, let them be unmanly, yet are follow*d. •

Cham. As far as I see, all the good our English
Have got by the late voyage is but merely
A fit or two o'the face ; but they are shrewd ones;
For when they hold them, you would swear directly
Their very noses had been counsellors
To Pepin, or Clotharius, they keep state so.

Sanoi. They have all new legs, and lame ones ;
one would take it.
That never saw them pace before, the spavin,
A springhalt reign'd among them.

Cham. Death! my lord.

Their clothes are after such a pagan cut too.
That, sure, they have worn out Christendom.
How now?



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To think an English oonrtier may be wise,
And neyer see the Loavre.
Lon, Thej most either

g^or 80 ran the conditions) leave those remnants
f fool and feather, that tney got in France,
With all their honourable points of ignorance,
Pertaining thereunto (as fights and tireworlcs ;
Abusing better men tnan they can be,
Oat of a foreign wisdom), renouncing clean
The faith they have in tennis and tall stockings,
Short blister'd breeches, and those types of trarel.
And understand again like honest men ;
Or pack to their old playfellows: there, I take it,
They may, cum privuegio, wear away
The lie end of their lewdness, and he langh'd at.

Sands, Tis time to give them physic, their
diseases
Are grown so catching.

Cham, What a loss our ladies

Will have of these trim vanities I

Loo, Ay, marry,

There will be woe indeed, lords; the sly whoresons
Have g^t a speeding trick to lay down ladies;
A French song and a tiddl6 has no fellow.

Sands, The devil fiddle them I I am glad theyYe
going
(For, sure, there s no converting of them) ; now,
An honest country lord, as 1 am, beaten
A long time out of play, may bring his plainsong,
And have an hour of bearing; and, byT lady.
Held current music too.

Cham, Well said, Lord Sands ;

Tour colt^ tooth is not cast yet.

Sands, No, any lord;

Nor shall not, while I have ft stump.



Online LibraryWilliam Michael Rossetti William ShakespeareThe complete works of Shakespeare: With a critical biography → online text (page 136 of 224)