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GENEALOGY . JuLECTrON



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY



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Baildon, W. Paley 1859-1924.

Baildom and the Baildohe



Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center



http://www.archive.org/details/baildonbaildonsh01bail



I



B A



517

L D O N



A N D THE B A ILDONS

A HISTORY OF A YORKSHIRE
MANOR AND FAMILY
BY W. PALEY BAILDON F. S. A.




VOLUME I



PRIVATELY PRINTED

FOR THE AUTHOR BY

THE ST. CATHERINE PRESS



PREFACE

I8S5647

The Rev. Dr. Edmund Gibson, Vicar of Lambeth, afterwards
Bishop of Lincoln, writing to Ralph Thoresby, July 23, 1696,
says: " I am very glad to hear you talk of digesting your collec-
tions; it is a sign that you consider the fate of poor Dodsworth
and some other unhappy people, who were so greedy after
materials that they seem to have forgot at last tor what end they
were collected." 1

Sound, practical common sense, and as true to-day as it was two
centuries ago. Many people have met " the fate of poor Dods-
worth," and have died leaving their collections undigested. True
it is that if the collections are like unto Dodsworth's the world is
the richer for them, digested or otherwise; nevertheless, the
warning is not one to pass unheeded.

After all there is some excuse, and it lies here — the material
available for antiquarian research is so vast that it is impossible in
one lifetime to exhaust it or the half of it. The innumerable
manuscripts at the Record Office, the British Museum, the
Bodleian Library, the registries of wills, parish registers, private
muniment rooms and collections, afford so vast a field for research,
that there is not and cannot be anything approaching to finality in
such matters. It is this that make men put off the publication of
their labours, for there is always the possibility of some note of
paramount importance turning up, if not to-morrow, at least next
week. 2 Another point must also be considered: if some workers
spend too much time over their searches, and so produce little or
nothing, it is a melancholy fact that others spend too little time
and produce too much. Do we not see book after book published
with so little research as to be worse than useless, mere hotch-
potches of scissors-and-paste, giving a maximum of show with
a minimum of work? There is more to be said in favour

1 Thorabf 's CorrciponJer.ee, vol. I, p. 24.1.

2 While these sheets have been going through the press several items have turned up that
would have been printed in their proper places if I had known of them earlier; as it is, I
must include them in an Appendix.



ii PREFACE

of the collector who does not publish than for the publisher who
does not collect. I admit that I have been " greedy after
materials." I first began to make notes on family history in 1877,
and from about 1882 or 1883 onwards the collecting and digesting
of these has been my principal hobby.

I have already been told that there is a good deal in these pages
that is rather remote from the subject, and no doubt the accusa-
tion will be repeated. The charge is true to a certain extent, and
I make my apologies to any reader who may feel that they are due.
But I only admit a certain amount of remoteness, which is not
necessarily irrelevance. In writing the history of a manor to what
extent may one give information as to a particular lord or lords
which is not concerned with the special manor? Anything
showing pedigree or descent is clearly admissible, also intimate
personal documents such as wills; letters are more doubtful, and
so are details relating to other property which do not prove a
point of pedigree ; public services are perhaps on the border-line.
Now the general rule on which I have acted is this: printed books,
whether topographical or genealogical, I have quoted from as little
as possible, so as to avoid repetition; 1 other printed sources, such
as the various Record Office Calendars, are used freely, but by no
means exhaustively, and I hope with discretion ; unpublished
manuscript authorities are on an entirely different footing, and in
cases of doubt my leaning has been to inclusion rather than to
exclusion. Rightly or wrongly I believe that it is a sounder view
to err on the safe side, and to print a few notes that may perchance
interest nobody, rather than to omit some which may be of value.
A severe excision would doubtless have had the result of reducing
the size of these volumes by about a hundred pages, but they would
have been the poorer for it.

Apart from this, I have cut down commentary to the lowest
possible dimensions, leaving the documents for the most part to
speak for themselves; where explanation seemed necessary I have
given it, with here and there a few stray notes from my knowledge
and experience of records, which I hope may be useful.

If the genealogist has not yet acquired a reputation equal to that
of the "expert witness" in the distortion of facts and the conceal-

1 Parts of Book I are exceptional; the printed accounts were the only sources of informa-
tion, and lengthy quotations unavoidable.



PREFACE iii

ment of the truth, it is not the fault of some of them, while for
deliberate invention they may rank with the first masters of fiction.
From the time when William Cecil, first Lord Burleigh, drew up
with his own hand several alternative descents (to see, we may
presume, which looked the best, before deciding on the one he
finally adopted), down to our own day, the compiling of fictitious
pedigrees has gone on apace. Some of these are no doubt set forth
iu all good faith, their worthlessness being due to credulity, ignor-
ance, and a lack of appreciation of what constitutes evidence.
Others, and these are not few, are deliberate concoctions, based on
fraudulent tampering with documents or absolute forgery. 1 Mr. J.
Horace Round and Mr. Oswald Barron have done admirable
service by exposing some very flagrant cases of dishonesty, but
there are many others.

Evidence in matters of pedigree may be divided into three
classes: (a) where the fact is absolutely proved; (b) where the
proof is not absolute, but the evidence points to such a strong
probability as might be accepted by a jury if the finding were left
to them; (c) where the evidence is consistent with one or more
probabilities, without a preponderance in favour of any one of
them.

The difficulty lies in the third category. Obviously different
men will give or make different interpretations and lean to different
views. A little colouring, a little glossing over or suppression of
inconvenient details, may be very misleading. The plain duty of
the historian has been well expressed by Prof. Sayce:

"All he is bound to do is to point out clearly where practical
certainty ends and mere probability begins, where the facts tell
their own tale, and where their broken and dislocated character
demands the hypotheses of the interpreter." 2

He is entitled, I hold, to put forward any hypothesis he pleases,
provided he makes it quite clear to the reader that it is hypothesis,
and to use all legitimate argument in its support; but he is not
entitled to present his hypothesis, unlabelled as such, as though it
were proven fact. I have tried to keep this sound precept, and I
hope I have succeeded. Where the evidence is inconclusive it
must be supplemented by guess-work, and I have indulged freely

1 Within recent years one man was convicted of wholesale forgery, including tombstones,
wills, etc., and another of adding names to a manuscript in the British Museum.
- A. H. Sayce, The " Higher Criticism " and the Verdict of the Monuments, 6th cd. 1901, p. :S.



iv PREFACE

in speculations in such cases, but I think that in every case the
reader will find due warning, so that he is at liberty to agree or not
with mv conclusions.

Many of the facts here recorded are in themselves trivial. The
lives of most of us are made up principally of trivialities, and it was
the same with our ancestors. I have therefore included in the
genealogical section practically every item that I have come across,
except a few of relatively modern date that might cause pain or
annoyance to living persons.

Even the most trivial detail may be of great importance as form-
in «■ a link in a chain of evidence, or as an indication of identity.
The minor facts cannot therefore be ignored altogether, and so I
have included them in the family history, but not in the accounts
of the other families who were at different times connected with
Baildon.

As a set-off to these insignificant details, I may point to the
many documents which have a distinct historical and sociological
interest. As Thomas Fuller quaintly puts it: "I confess the
subject is but dull in itself, to tell the time and place of men's
birth and death, their names, with the names and numbers of their
books; and therefore this bare sceleton of time, place and person,
must be fleshed with some pleasant passages." 1 And though I
cannot claim the "many delightful stories" that he inserted
("not as meat, but as condiment"), still, the "pleasant passages"
are not wanting.

One fact comes out very strongly in the family history, the
extraordinary love of litigation in the 14th and 15th centuries.
Perhaps the Baildons were particularly litigious, indeed I think
that they were so to some extent, but anyone familiar with the
records of the period will bear me out in saying that a man of any
substance at that time probably had more law-suits in his life than
three or four generations of his modern descendants.

1 have great hopes that this book will stimulate those who are
interested in the history of small places and unimportant families.
There is no village so small but that a long and detailed history can
be dug out by anyone having the patience to delve; and though the
same general rule cannot be laid down about small families, yet I
think I have shown how much can be done in this direction by patient

1 Worthies of England, chap. 1.



PREFACE v

investigation. The Baildons at their best were but small squires;
I can only point to one knight, one Member of Parliament, and
two Sheriffs. The heads of the branch lines were yeomen, small
freeholders or copyholders, and the younger sons were "husband-
men," i.e. tenant farmers, or in various trades. They were never
a "clerical family," as some were, and the number of clerics is
small; there is no church dignitary, unless a Prior of Carmelite
Friars can be classed as such. None of them have attained high
rank or distinction in Navy, Army or Law. Notwithstanding
all this, they have left a record, great in bulk, if in nothing
else.

My references to all documents cited will, I trust, be helpful in
showing the kind of information likely to be obtained from various
classes of records, and, conversely, where to look for particular
facts required. The bad custom of omitting to give references is
happily on the wane, but it has not entirely died out. It is
generally due to carelessness or laziness, but it not infrequently
raises the suspicion that the real object is to prevent verification.
I have spent many hours in trying to discover the authorities for
various printed statements, and not always succeeded. A few
documents will be found here cited, as being "in private hands";
these are mostly family deeds which I was allowed to see on the
understanding that the owners' names should not be mentioned.
I regret this, but the condition was binding.

Two of the principal sources of information in these pages are
the De Banco Rolls and the Coram Rege Rolls; they are the
official records of the Courts of Common Pleas (or Common Bench)
and King's Bench. The Common Pleas Rolls especially are a
mine of wealth, sadly neglected; the results of searching such a
mass of documents, however, well repay the labour. It is a great
pity they are not indexed, and thus made more accessible.

With a few exceptions, I have not printed the text of Latin and
French documents, but have given a translation, sometimes full,
sometimes abridged. The point is debatable, but on the whole I
am of opinion that, apart from scientific text-books, such as the
publications of The Selden Society, Latin and French (old French
especially) are a weariness to the flesh. Many people, too, might
find some difficulty in following such documents without the help
of a translation, and if both had been given the bulk of these
volumes would have been largely increased. Whichever plan be



vi PREFACE

adopted, the personal equation of possible error remains the same,
the transcriber is no more infallible than the translator; therefore
the reader has to accept my translation, just as he would have
accepted my transcript if I had printed the text in full.

The various chart pedigrees are arranged on a device of my own,
which I first used in the Calverley pedigree prefixed to Calverley
Charters (Thoresby Society, vol. 6). Each generation is numbered,
and every individual in a generation from left to right has a con-
secutive letter, while instead of trying to crowd a mass of informa-
tion into a very insufficient space, I give only the dates of birth and
death, when known, and otherwise the earliest and latest date.
Each pedigree is placed at the end of the account of the family,
which enables me to give page references to all persons who are
treated separately in the text. The advantages of the plan are,
first, a simple and absolutely certain method of referring to any
given individual (a matter of some importance when the same
Christian names are repeated many times), which seems to me more
convenient and less pretentious than the way of numbering in the
semi-regal style sometimes adopted; secondly, a simpler and less
cumbersome form of pedigree ; and thirdly, each pedigree serves as
an index to the account of the family.

To those, and they are many, who have no interest in genea-
logical research, 1 have nothing to say. After all, it is not possible
to separate entirely the history of a country from the history of the
persons who have lived in it, and little details of manners and
customs of bygone times may have a value in building up more
important work. The labour has given pleasure to me; I have
learned much in the doing of it, and made many friends; ample
excuse, if any be needed. I will only add, in the words of a writer
many centuries ago,

Si enim alicui placet mea devotio, gaudebo. Si autem pro mei abiec-
tione vel pro viciosi sermonis rusticitate nulli placet, memet ipsum tamen
juviit quod feci !

The illustrations are mostly from my own photographs, except
where otherwise stated. The coats of arms have been specially
drawn for me by the Rev. E. E. Dorling, F.S.A.

One pleasing task remains, to record my thanks^ to those
numerous helpers without whose assistance many most interesting
and valuable facts would never have come to my knowledge.
For permission to examine private muniments I am indebted to



PREFACE vii

the late Mr. Ayscough Fawkes of Farnley; Mr. William Ferrand
of St. Ives; Col. Maude of Rillston; Mr. W. A. Littledale, F.S.A.;
Mr. Marmaduke Myddleton ; the late Miss Wentworth of
Woolley, Mr. E. T. Clark, F.S.A., of Snaith (Snaith Court Rolls);
Messrs. Stewart and Chalker of Wakefield (Wakefield Court Rolls);
Mr. William Lipscomb (Mirfield, Emley, and other Court Rolls);
and Mr. F. Beadon, agent to Sir John Ramsden, Bart. (Almond-
bury Court Rolls).

Most of the parochial clergy whose registers I have searched
have allowed me to do so either without payment or for very
nominal fees. The majority of these searches were made a good
many years ago, and I regret that I cannot give the names or the
rectors and vicars at the time. In this connection I must especi-
ally mention Mr. Margetts, until lately Vicar of Baildon, who has
on various occasions given me the run of his documents and his
study regardless of his own convenience.

To the freemasonry which happily exists among those interested
in antiquarian pursuits I owe more than I can tell. Many friends,
both old and new, have made it a practice to note all references
which thev thought would interest me. The list of names which
follows will give an idea of the number of helpers I have had, and
I fear there may be some I have omitted. Alike to those who are
alive to read these lines and to those who have passed the Great
Divide I hereby record my gratitude.

Dr. Henry Appleton, M.D.; Mr. W. Bruce Bannerman, F.S.A.;
Mr. Oswald Barron, F.S.A.; Mr. W. K. Boyd; Mr. C. Angell
Bradford, F.S.A.; Mr. William Brown, F.S.A.; the late Mark W.
Bullen; Mr. W. A. Caffall; Mr. S. J. Chadwick, F.S.A.; Mr.
J. W. Clay, F.S.A.; Mr. R. B. Cook; Mr. E. A. Fry; the late
George Goldsmith; Mr. Henry Gray; the late James Greenstreet;
Mr. John Harley; the late General Plantagenet-Harrison; Mr.
Arthur F. Heintz; the late T. M. Holmes; Mr. N.J. Hone; Mr.
A. J. [ewers; Mr. W. T. Lancaster, F.S.A.; Mr. John Lister;
Mr. G. D. Lumb, F.S.A.; Mr. R. C. Marsden; the late Walter
C. Metcalfe, F.S.A.; the late James W. Mitchell (Lyon Clerk);
Mr. Harry Plowman, F.S.A.; Major Poynton; Mr. W. E.
Preston; Mr. A. L. Reade; Mr. R. Garraway Rice, F.S.A.; Mr.
William Scruton; Mr. F. W. Sidgwick; Mr. Harry Speight; Miss
Ethel Stokes; Mrs. Tempest of Broughton; the late J. A. C.
Vincent; the late Miss Walford; Mrs. Sutcliffe Watson; Miss



v "i PREFACE

Ethel Lega-Weekes; Mr. A. Jowett Whitwell; the late Henry
Whit wham; Mr. James S. Young.

In addition there are the numerous members of the family who
have given details on pedigree matters. These I cannot specify by
name, but they will understand that I greatly appreciate the infor-
mation supplied by them.

Lastly, my brother, Dr. Baildon of Southport, has been good
enough to read the proof-sheets, and has made many useful
suggestions.

W. Palev Baildon.
5 Stone Buildings,

Lincoln's Inn.



CONTENTS OF VOL. I



BOOK I. TOPOGRAPHICAL



?;'



Introduction 3

Chap. i. Situation, Natural Features, Boundaries, etc. q

Chap. 2. Bridges, Streets, and Roads 13
Chap. 3. The Old Chapel and the New Church; other Places of

Worship 2 1

Chap. 4. Outlying Hamlets; The Hall; Old Houses; Inns; The

Mill; Field and other Names 35

Chap. 5. Statistics and Dates 69

Chap. 6. Derivation of Baildon; Variations of Spelling 71

Chap. 7. Antiquities 81



BOOK II. HISTORICAL

Introduction 117

Baildon before the Conquest 119

Domesday and After 131

The Leathleys of Leathley 143

The Church and its Ministers 157

Lay Subsidies, Court Rolls, etc. 205

Chap. 6. The Wardes of Givendale and Guiseley 221

The Sherburnes of Stonyhurst and Esholt 277

8. The Poitevins of Altofts 287

The Neirfords of Baildon and Melsonby 301

The Stapletons of Stapleton-on-Tees, Haddlesey, etc. 319 k*4./K'

The FitzWilliams of Emley and Sprotborough 343

The Hawksworths of Hawksworth 383

The Later Descent of the Manor 423

The Stophams of Weston and Baildon 435

The Cathertons of Catherton 487

The Vavasours of Weston 505

The Rooses of Helmsley and Belvoir 553



Chap.


1.


Chap.
Chap.
Chap.
Chap.
Chap.


2.

3-

4-
5-
6.


Chap.
Chap.


7-
8.


Chap.
Chap.


9-

10.


Chap.


1 1 .


Chap.


[2.


Chap.
Chap.
Chap.


13.
[4.
15-


Chap.


16.


Chap.


•7-



LIST OF PLATES

Baildon Hall; conjectural restoration Frontispiece

Ordnance Map of Baildon, 1852 To face page x

'Map of the district round Baildon r

Diagrammatic Sections through Baildon £

Browgate r .

Lane Ends l .

Doorway in Butler Lane jg

Kelcliff Bridge x g

Northgate x g
Towngate

The Cross and Stocks
Plan of the Old Chapel
Elevations of the Old Chapel
The Old Chapel

The Church; The Church-yard Cross 2^

The Church; The Church Plate 2 ±

The Church, interior; the Pulpit 2 r

The Meyer Monument 2 6

Kellcliff' "q

The Moravian Church ,

Wesley's House, Browgate „ 2

Midgeley Farm , .

Baildon Green „T

The Cloven Rock Jt

Cupboard at Elmfield , c

Plan of Baildon Hall S A

Baildon Hall and Francis Baildon's Cottages 57

Baildon Hall, front %

Baildon Hall, front door and north end ,o

Baildon Hall, garden front (2) ,

Baildon Hall, garden door; mantel piece 4!

Baildon Hall, garden front; Francis Baildon's cupboard 42

Baildon Hall, the stair-case (2) ?,

Baildon Hall, drawing-room 4.

Baildon Hall, drawing-room ceiling ,r
Brackenhall Farm
Hope Farm
Brackenhall Farm, front door



46
46



47



Old door, North gate '



xii LIST OF PLATES

Old Cottage at Brackenhall 48

Interior of same 4.0,

Butler House 50

Barn at Elmfield 50

Elmfield, north and south fronts 5 1

Hall Garth, Westgate 52

Trench House 56

The Malt Shovel Inn, Northgate 56

Trench House, front door and barn door 57 ^_

Royal Arms, the Bull's Head Inn, Westgate 58

Baildon Gill (2) 59

Baildon Gill (2) 60

Baildon Glen (2) 61

Waterfalls (2) 62

Flint implements 80

Flint spear-head and bronze celt 81

Bronze celts; contents of urn 82

Urn from Penythorne Hill 83

Quern 84

Earthworks at Dobridding, 1845 85

Urns and barrow 86

The Soldiers' Trench 88

Cup-and-Ring Carvings 92

Ditto 92

Ditto 94

Ditto 96

Ditto 98

Ditto 100

Medieval jug 109

Ladderbanks Lane 110 •*

Causeway at Hope no

Cottage door, Baildon Hall 112

Robin Hood's Seat . 112

Robin Hood's House 114

Facsimile from Domesday Book 133

Facsimile of Charter 464

Map of Baildon, 1610 539



BLOCKS IN THE TEXT

Page

Dated stones in Browgate and Butler Lane 15

The old Font, Baildon Chapel 22

Dated stone in the Church School 23

Dated stone in the Vestry 23

Two old Tomb-stones 29

Old lintel at Baildon Hall 38

Dated stone at Baildon Hall 39

Initials on Cupboard at Baildon Hall 40

Sketch-plan 43

Date and initials at Brackenhall 45

Dated stone at Elmfield 49

Dated stones at Hall Garth 5 1

Initials at Hope Gate 53

Dated stone in Northgate 54

Seal of Sir }ohn Warde 246

Seal of Sir Simon Warde 252

Anns of Warde 266

Anns of Constable 276

Arms of Musgrave 276

Signature and seal of Sir Richard Sherburne 278

Arms of Sherburne 285

Arms of Poitevin 300

Arms of Neirford 317

Arms of Stapleton 342

Signature of Gervase FitzWilliam 378

Arms of FitzWilliam 381

Signature of Walter Hawks worth 413

Signature of Sir Richard Hawksworth 416

Signature of Sir Walter Hawksworth 419

Arms of Hawksworth 421

Signatures of Joseph and Nancy Scatchard 426

Signatures of William and Nancy Meeke 427

Signatures of William Meyer and Mary Stainsby 429

Signature of William Thompson 431

Signature of Anna Jane Meeke 433

Seal of Grace de Lisle 442

Seal of William de Etchingham 442

Seal of Robert de Stopham 44 2

Seal of Mauger Vavasour 44 2



xiv BLOCKS IN THE TEXT

Page

Seal of Robert de Glamorgan 443

Seal of William de Stopham 475

Tomb of William de Stopham, Weston 484

Arms of Stopham (2) 486

Seal of Alan de Catherton 494

Arms of Catherton 503

Signatures of William, Mary and Mauger Vavasour 543

Signature of Thomas Vavasour 545

Arms of Vavasour 550

Arms of Roos 570



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS



Utken, Robert, Edinburgh.

Vmbler, The Misses, Ripon.

\mbler, Louis, F.R.I.B.A., London.

Appleton, Henry, M.D., London, (the

! late).

Armytage, Sir George J., Bart., D.L.,

'< F.S.A., Kirklees Park.

: Baildon, Miss B. N., Liverpool.
> Baildon, Christopher Nevile, Liverpool.
'Baildon, Miss, Edinburgh.
, Baildon, Ferdinand, Broslawitz, Ger-
many.
■ Baildon, Francis Joseph, M.B., CM.,
Southport.
Baildon, Frederic Nevile, Liverpool.
Baildon, Geoffrey Nevile, Liverpool.
Baildon, Miss M. E., London.
Baildon, Miss M. ]., London.
Baildon, Mrs. S. E., London, (the late).
Baildon, William Edward, Bognor.
Bannerman, W.Bruce, F.S.A., Croydon.
Barber, Christopher, Sheffield.
Barber, Jarvis William, Hathersage.
Bartin, Joseph Baildon, Bilton, Harro-
gate.
Bayldon, Daniel Henry, Richmond,

Surrey.
Bayldon, Edward Herbert, D.L., Daw-

lish, (the late).
Bayldon, Miss E. S., Ealing.
Bayldon, Francis Joseph, R.N.R., Syd-
ney, N.S.W.
Bayldon, George Peter, Lincoln.
Bayldon, Henry C, Richmond, Surrey.
Bayldon, John, Stamford.
Bayldon, Owen Hague, Newton St. Loe.
Bayldon, Hon. Robert Corbet, R.N.R.,
Nairobi, East Africa.



Bayldon, Capt. Thomas Cooke, Thames,

N.Z.
Beanlands, Canon Arthur J., M.A.,

F.S.A., Weald, Sevenoaks.
Bergwelt-Baildon, Erwin von, Lubie,

Germany.
Bethune-Baker, A.A., F.S.A., Lincoln's

Inn.
Binns, Miss Hannah, Bridgeport, Conn.,

U.S.A.
Booth, Mrs. Michael, Clayton, Brad-



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