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William Rainey Harper.

The Bengal and Agra annual guide and gazetteer, for 1841- online

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THE



BENGAL AND AGRA
AHMVAlk

GUIDE AND GAZETTEER



FOR



1841



VOL. I.



TXiaS BSITIOH.



9«U«tt« :
WILLIAM BUSHTON AND CO.

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HABVABD COLLEeE LIBRARY



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TO THE RIGHT HONORABLE

THE EARL OF AUCKLAND, G.C.B.

GOVERNOR GENERAL OF INDIA.
ffc. j*c. J-c.

THESE yOLUXSS

ARE (WITH PERBHSSION) RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED.

BT HIS LOBD6HIP*8
MOST OBEDIENT AND HUMBLE SERVANTS,

WILLIAM RUSHTON & CO.



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3P5E31IF^(SIE.



In presenting the accompanying work to the public, the
Editor, or Compiler, has a few words to say, partly in
the way of explanation, but more in the form of apol-
ogy.

He, with others, had long felt the want of a current
and quasi official reference b6ok, and was aware that the
facilities afforded by a proper official position could alone
supply it. The Head of the Indian Government not on-
ly permitted, but encouraged the Editor to proceed with
the work, and free access was given to every record office
likely to afford useful materiel. The only stipulations were
— that all pecuniary risks should rest with the publishers,
and that all profit beyond a fair remuneration for their
outlay, trouble, and risk, should be devoted to some charit-
able institution. — Subsequently a scholarship in the Medical
College was selected for this purpose.

With this understanding Messrs. Bushton and Co. un-
dertook the publication of the work. A further number
of one thousand copies was put through the press, previous
to the completion of the original work, as a speculation of the
publishers, and which was not likely to prove a profitable one in
the then opinion of the Editor, with whose concurrence the
additional number w^ printed. Messrs. Bushton and Co. are
perfectly unfettered as to the disposal of whatever profits may

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6 FREFACE.

arise from the sale of this portion of the work. It would be
injustice to omit, stating, that any outlay suggested by the
Editor has been cheerfully complied with by the Publishers,
and that the &idt does not rest with the latter, if the
publication is not so complete as may be desirable.

It may be as well to add, that the Editor has not any,
the slightest, pecuniary interest in the work. He antici-
pated that there would be many material omissions in
these volumes, but that the ground plan of 1841 might,
with the aid of those who appreciate the honesty of his
purpose, secure for future years, a neater and certainly
a more elegant and agreeable edifice. For this purpose
the original maps of this work (the copies of which
are in many instances failures) with others now being re-
duced, will be forwarded to England to be engraved and
coloured in the style of a modem English Atlas.

As to typographical errors the Editor has much to apolo-
gize for and something to say in extenuation. The publication,
the largest ever issued from the Press in India, was commenced
only in September last; and the large mass oimateriely coming
in detail, irregularly, and from many quarters, added not
a little to the Editor's difficulties, by preventing the
detection of errors (otherwise sufficiently palpable) imtil too
late to apply the remedy. One thing, however, he pro-
mises, — to make up in the next volumes for the defici-
encies in these, and if kind subscribers and contributors
will only address to him suggestions on the.* subject, they
shall if possible be cheerfully followed.

If the Editor but shortly acknowledges the sources from
which he mainly derived his information, it will be under-
stood to proceed from a desire to be brief rather than from
a wish to appear original Indeed, he has not hesitated



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PRIEFACB. 7

to appropriate for the purposes of this publication whatever
appeared useful in other works, carefully abstaining (he
hopes^ and such was his intention) from interfering with
the interests of other compilers. He must however, tender his
thanks to the representatives of the late lamented Mr.
James Prinsep for permission, liberally conceded, to extract
from the revised edition of the Useful Tables much of the
valuable matter which appears in Part 1. voL 1.

It must not be supposed, however, though on his part
the Editor does not affect originality, that the Bengal and
Agra Guide and Gazetteer for 1841 is a mere compilation
from works already in print. On the contrary, the publica-
tion contains much that is new. In the Part under notice,
the Latitudes and Longitudes of places in India are sup-
plied by an officer employed in the Trigonometrical Survey
Department; to a like courtesy in the Master Attendant's
Office the Editor is indebted for the Tide Table; the labori-
ous calculations for the Almanac have been cheerfully made by
one of India's best Astronomers. Some valuable returns from
the Mint Office supply the Calcutta and Agra Mint Bules, and
give the Tables of the value of Scinde and Affghan coins.
The subdivisions of the Indian weights and measures, vary-
ing not only in each district but in parts of each district,
are on the authority of the District Officers and forwarded
by them for publication in this work.

If the reader inclines to censure the Editor for appro-
priating too large a space to the Acts of Parliament &c.
Part II. Vol. 1. he has to urge his own experience in Mofiissil
cutcherries and district villages. It is not always conve-
nient to transport ponderous folio volumes of Regulations
— neither is the heavy expense of the volumes at all times
agreeable. The Editor proposes not to republish these next

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5 PRBPACB.

year^ but continue the series by inserting whatever may be
put forth by either the Indian or English Government in the
interval between August 1840 and December 1841. The
Givil Service Code has been drawn up by the Editor — the
less he says about it the better. It cost^ however^ much time
and trouble.

The Military Code is from General Orders and authen-
tic regulations; the Staff Pay Table may be relied on;
the Staff, th6 (Hyderabad) Nizam*s, and (Cabool) Shah
Shoojah's Service Bules, as well as the Statement and
Rules of the Department of Public Works, and the
Ecclesiastical Code have been procured from authentic
sources. The Code for the Medical Service, with excep-
tion to a few special cases by the Editor, is abridged
from Dr. Hutchinson's valuable work.

The few first pages of Part HI. Vol. 1, are taken from
an early copy of Mr. Stocjq[ueler*s forthcoming work.
The details of Educational and other Institutions have been
drawn up with much care from information obligingly for-
warded to the Publishers by various parties in Calcutta.
It is a valuable statistical document. The Fort Regula-
tions, though promulgated some time ago, are not gener-
ally known.

The Route Book, Part 1 Vol. 2, is compiled from the
official copy in the Quarter Master General's Office; the
route across the Punjab is from another source. The Sta-
tistical Accounts of various provinces and districts in In-
dia, are, generally, original. , The Maps are not well exe-
cuted. We have already noticed the failure and adverted
to the proposed remedy. The failure is the more to be
regretted, as it occasioned much delay in the publication of
the work, moreover the remuneration given by the Pub-



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PREFACE. }f

lishers was abundantly liber^il. 'Ihe Editor has been com-
pelled to omit descriptions of many provinces in consequence
of the voluminous form the work had already attained, but
these illustrated by maps by artists in England will form a
portion of the work for the ensuing year. In the spelling
of the Indian names, varieties in the same paper occur, and
not unfrequently is the orthography of the maps diflferent to
that of the text. Here the reader must be indulgent;
the papers come from various quarters, — the maps are re-
duced from those in the Agra^hd Calcutta Survey Office-

The Sketch of British Indian History, has been com-
piled from various sources, — from Parliamentary Papers,
Colonel Sutherland's work, that termed ' Native Princes
of India*, Public Records, and from a memorandum by Mr.
D'Cruz on the Agra Native Powers. The Editor pro-
poses to continue this portion of the work in the next
volumes, but not to republish , that which is here presented
to the reader. He hopes also to be able to give a notice
of Political Pensions in a much more detailed form.

The Chronological Table of Events is compiled by
Major H. B. Henderson, (so far as lH35)and first published in
the First Edition of Prinsep's Useful Tables. The His-
tory of the Public Debt of India, the Memoranda on
Government Agency, Finance, General Trade, Post Office,
Customs, and Marine matters, together with the lists of
the various branches of the service, have been taken from
authentic sources, and the notes appended to each are such

as the Editor's position enabled him to supply.



Calcutta, lit April, 1841.



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DIRECTIONS FOR THE filNDER.

Map of the World to face the title.

Ground Plan of the Mint^ ...•••.„ page cxliii. Part I.

Plan of CalcutU „ „ 1 Part III.

Plant of the Fort. »> » 74 „ 111.

Mapofi^gra . . . , „ „ ^i^ „ HI-



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"WATLT I. ▼•£• t.

ThB EeA8 op AmCIBVT AMD MoDSEN TnfBfl AlfD OV YABIOITS CoUNTUBfl
WITH ▲ ViBW to THB COMPARISON OF THEIR RESPECTIVE DaTSS

AMD Computations or Ton.



Origin of the firtt division of Time — Solur and Lunar Year defined — ^The Ltini*
Solar Year — 'Vhe Roman Year, - - - - - • - Page I

Reckoning of time by the Romans-^Correction thereof— Variations of— And reme-
dies adopted to rectify the old Lunar, with the new Solar Year of the Romans
— Distinctions observed in the Roman Year, - - - * • t

The Olympiads— Greek computation of Time— Names of the Months— Months '
and Years— Errors of— And rectification of the Lunar with the Solar Year, - S

Reduction of the Olympiad date to the Christian Era — Errors in denominating
the Olympiads — ^l*he Uhristian Era — Extension of use — And date of— Division
and Comparision with the Roman Year — Ambiguity of reckoning it-^Excess in
the Christian or Julian Year — Rectification of the same— And prevention of
like irregularities in the Centuries called the new Style— Adoption into other
Parts, : - -^ .4

Old Style into New— Tlie Creation adopted as an epoch — Dissent of as to precise
time — ^The Era of Constantinople— Date of fixing— Use of it — Civil and ^lesi-
ftsiical Year- Reduction of it to the Christian Era— Era of Antioch and Alex*
andna— Difierence of 10 years in their formation — use of— Equalization of both
Eras— Dates of ditto with the Christian Era— The Abyssinian Era— Reckoning
of, - - • * . . . ^^

Barnes of Months— Reduction of with the Julian year— The Jewish Era— Em-
ployment of— New Mode— Date With Creation— Their year luni-Solar— Civil
year— Months and dates — intercalary years 30 — Omission of a Month — Year of
13 Months — Year of I. 'J months — Rc;];ulation of 19 years — Reduction to new
Style — Fluctuations — Year of Cycle computed, - - .. - «

Jewish with Christian Era— Ecclesiastical yeai^-Th^era of Nabonassar— Deriva-
tion of — Commencement of Jul iau with Nabonassar year— To Compute it — Rec*
tification of— The Egyptian Era— Identical with Nabonasaar era— Reformation
t>f— Coincidence with the Dioclesian *:ra— Reduction of— with tlie Christian
Era— Termination of the old Egyptian year— The Julian Period— CompuUtion
of— Employment of it— Julian with Christian period, - - - . f

The Era of Dioclesian called also the Era of Martyrs— Use of— Date of— Year-
Coptic months- Reduction of, with Chrisuan Bra— Ditto after leap year— The
Grecian Era or Era of the Seleucides— Date of— Use of— Commencement of year
—Reduction to Christian Era— Months of Greek's Syrian with the Roman— The
Death of Alexander— Date— Computation of similar to Julian year— Reduci ion
of it with the Christian Era— The Era of Tyre— Begun— Months similar
to Grecian Era— The Year to the Julian- Reduction to (Christian Era, - - 8

The Ciesarean Era of Antioch— Commencement of with Greeks— With Syrians
—The Era of Abraham— Begun— reduction with Christian Era— The Spanish
Era, or &a of the Ccesars— Commencement of— Used— Abolishment of—
Months and Years ulentrcal with the Julian— Comparison with Christian Era
—The Era of Yetdegird HI or the Persian Era— When Used— When Begun—
Year— Difference and reform of— Months— Reduction with Christian Era—
D^oroination of each day— The Era of Armenians— Commencement of —Year
—To find the day of the Week on which their Years begin— Reduction of
with Julian year— Armenian ecclesiastical year— Leap Years— Use of old
Julian style amon^ the Armenians, - - . . . . g

ae French Revolutionary Calendar— Republican Year— Months and Festivals
denominated— Olympic Years- Division of Months into Decades— And names
thereof— Table of— with theChristianEra-The Chinese— Reckoning of time by
cycles of 60 yetri— To every year in the cycle different names given, - - 10



Th.



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12 TABLB OF CONTfi.NtS.

Months Lunar — And regulation of with jeart— Computation of, with reference i0
Astronomy — Derangement of— Correction of— -Date of their cyclei — ^To find
Chinese time with Chri
No. XXII of 1839, the 9th September, Defence by Conntel, - - - 104

No. XXI II of 1839, the 33d September, Imprisonment by Court's Martial, - - i6.
No. II of 1840, the lOth February, ReguUtine the Sentences of Do. Do., - 105

No. XXVI of 1839, the 3d February, Trial ofPublic Officers, - - - i*.

No. XXVII of 1839, the 16th December, Execution of Decrees of 34-Pnrgnnnah8

Courts by Calcutta Court of Request, . . - .i 08

No.XXIXof 1839, the 16th December, Dower, - - - - i^.

No. XXX of 18.39, the 6th December, Law of Inheritcnce, - - - - 1 10

No. XXX of 1839, the 80th December, Interest on Debts, • - - -113

No. IV of 1840, the 17 th February, Affrays, - - - -llStolU

No, IX of 1840, the 34>th April, Arbitration of Damages, - - - t^.

No. XIV of 1840, the 39th June, Validity of Written Memoranda, • - 115

9th Geo. IV Chap. XIV, 9th May 1838, ditto ditto, - - - .116

No. VI of 1840, the 3nd March, Bills of Exchange. - - . . n

No. XVIII of 1837, the 7th Aupst, Warrant of Distress, - - - 118

No. IX of 1810, the 10th April, Customs, - - - - • . 119

Re8;ttlation III. of V830, the 30th January, Amendt. of Reg. XV. of 1839, and
. theenforcementof the payment of exportation duty, - • - -144

Regulation IV of 1833 the 3rd June, Goods imported by sea, - - 145

No. XIV of 1836, 30th May, the new Tariff, - - - - 147

Orders No. 37. the 30th May 1836, Notice relating to inward bound laden ships, 150
No. XVI of 3d July 1837, Export and Import Goods, - - - i^.

No, XXV of 1836, the 31st October, Warehousing Ports, regulations and dnties of, 158
No. XXXII of 1836, the 3801 November, Regulation of Sugar Import, .. .166
No. XIV of 1837, the 13th June, Irapori and Export of Sugar, • - 168

No. XV of 1839, the 10th June, Importation of Sugar, - - - t^.

No. XVI of 1837, the 3d July, Repeal of Reg. XV of 1817 and modificaUon of

rules on Customs, - - - • - • 170

No. XVII of 1837, 34th Jnly, Post Office, - - - • 173

No. XX of 1838, the 37th August, ditto Bhangee, - - - 1 79

No. XVII of 1839, the Ut July, ditto Postage Duties, - - - 180

No. XVII of 1835, the 17th August, Mint Rupees and Gold Mohurs, - - 180

No. XXI of 1835, the 7th December, ditto Pice, - - - -181

No. XIII of 1836, the 35d May, ditto Coinage, • - • . t».

No. XXXI of 1837, the SOth November, ditto ditto, - . .183

No. XXI of 1838, the 37th August, ditto ditto. . - . . ^.

No. XXXI of 1839, the 33d December, ditto ditto, - - - iA.

No. XXIV of 1838, the 34th September, Bank of Bengal, - • -183



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16 TABLE OF CONTENTS.

Ko. XIX of 1886, the 10th September, Bank of Bennil, • - • les

No. VIII of 1836, the 28th March, Native Judicial Officers, - - 184

No. XXV of 1837, the asd October, ditto, - - - . 195

No. XXII of 1838, the 10th September, ditto, - - - -186
No. XXVIl of 1838, the SiM October, ditto, .... a,^

Laws relating to Indigo Planters, • - - . - 187

Ditto British Subjects, - • - . . » 16,

Abridged Code of Regulations affecting Civil Employees, - - - 193

Abridged Code op Regulations Affecting Civil Employe'bs.

The Civilian at College, - - - - , . -I97

Statutes of the College of Fort William, - . . • 199

Prizemen at College A miongst Civil Servants, ... -205

Furloughs after ten years* service, - - - - . - 22*i

Modifi^ Furlough Resolution of 1839, .... .327

Miscellaneous.

Besponsibilitj for delaj of Audit— Transfer Rules, - . , 345

General Consultation, 8th May 1839, in cases of transfer of public Officers, - 247
Miscellaneous connected with leave, &c. Rejoining, &c. • . . 248

Establishment of the several Offices of the Agra Presidency, - . . 249

Resolutions relating to China Servants, - . . . 350

Departures of Governor General, Governor Councillor or Commnnder-in-Chief

from India— Filling up vacancies in the Civil line— IndenU for Ci\il servanu, - 251
Private Trading, - - - « . -S59

Sale of Property to Natives — Ditto to Native Princes, - - - tft.

Charges of Corruption — Borrowing, Lending, - • . . 254

Sales to Natives— Borrowing articles from Natives or other private individuals

prohibited - • . . _ _ _ 255

The merit fosteiing order as at present in force, No. «27l, of 20th December

1 836— CasXialities— Custochr of effects of estates and public property, - 257

Gazetting, Military, Civil— Exchanges— Law Officers of Government, how lobe
consuheil— Assay Master's retiring Pension— Retention of Political presenU
by Military Officers— Khelut to politico-medical officers— Deputation allow-
ance, - - - . . . ^ , 2^S
2iid Assistant, ludore— Tentage on Political Deputation— Office rent, - 259

Bengal Civil Service Annuity Fund.

Regulations sanctioned by the Hon*ble the Court of Directors, . . 260

Abstract of Abridged Civil Code and Notes on Civil Service Annuity Rules, • 268

Proceedings of Meetings of Civil Service Annuity Fund from 1st April 1840, - 272

Requisition referred to ditto, . . . . , 274

Notice regarding Bon'ble Court's order referred to ditto, . . . 276

Notice above referred to, - - - - . , 278

Rules of the Civil Fund, - - • . . . 279
Appendix to ditto, ....._ 23g

Abstract of Benpil Civil Fund Rules with Notes. - . . . 290

Proceedings of Meetings of Civil Fund 18th February 1840. . .294

Abridged Code op Military Regulations.

Standing Orders for the guidance of Bengal Light Cavalry, - - - 80S

Standing Orders por the Bengal Native Inpantry.

Appendix to the Infantry Standing Orders regarding Pay and Allowances, - . 353
Pontings and removals — Reports, - - . . * , 3^

Form of ReporU referred to in section 28 of the Infantry Standing Orders —
Ditto of Indent and Letter of report of route, - - . * . 350

Notes on Military Standing Orders.
Sick Officers— SUff— Address, - - . . . . . g^^

Advances— Baggage— Boat Allowance, - . - . - I 358

Correspondence, - • - -«. 350

Furlough, - - - .-.I 8gO

Form of Certificate— Notes on Furlough, 362

licave of Absence, - - - -.. 3^3

Memorials,— Orders, - - .-. I 3^5

Orders Relative to the Uniform and Appointments of the Army.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS. 17



MlSCBLtANKOtJS R(7LE8 OF THB DEPARTMENT OF FUBLIC WoREi.

Ral«, - . - . . .414

Monthl J Current oxprnse Billa — Monthly progresf report, - - -419

Transfer of Buildings, - - • • . -416

Civil Department, - - - . . , a^ig

Abstract of Important Public Works of Bengal and Agra, • - • 420

Revised Rules and Regulations op Nizam's Armt.

Augmentation — Botta — Brigadiers— Chargers, - - • 439

Command -alio wance and reckonings — Couits Martial and Courts of Request, - 443
General ()fficers — General Officers and Staff Appointments, General Officers and

Promotion, - ...•• 443

General OtKcers — General Officers and Superintending Surgeons, - 444

nrnntA or purchase of lauds in the Colonies, .... 445

Ditto ditto, - - • • • • * . 447

Ditto ditto— Restrictions of ditto ditto to certain class of Officers, - - 44g

Grants ur ptirchaae of lundx in the Colonies, regulating price of land, - ARl

House and lands in Cantonment, - . . . • 454

Houses in Cantonment — Leave and Retirement — Leare of Absence — Ditto ^ith

reference to disbursements of Pay, - • • . 456

Leave of Absence and Furluuzh, . . • • • 457

Military (Officers holding Civil Situations — Leare of Absence and Furlough, - 458
Passage Money — Passage and Table Money, • - • 46O



Online LibraryWilliam Rainey HarperThe Bengal and Agra annual guide and gazetteer, for 1841- → online text (page 1 of 162)