William Rainey Harper.

The Bengal and Agra annual guide and gazetteer, for 1841- online

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early peas for the main crop, also the early Washington and dwarf, Prussian and
marrow fat peas ; sow Masagon bean ; sow dwarf French beans, scarlet runners, and
JLima beans; plant potatoes: replant Jerusalem artichoke: sow Botan turnip, and knole
kole ; plant out knole kole ; sow early herb carrot, long orange carrot, parsnip,
dwarf red beet, and turnip rooted beet. Towards the close of the month sow long
blood beet, scarlet and turnip radish, round prickly spinach, Spanish spinach, white
beet, poi sag, Dutch and Portugal onions, small red onion, cabbage lettuce, endive,
and plant garlic ; plant out white celery in trenches ; sow Italian celery, early long
warted squash, early scollop squash, large red tomato^ small round tomato, parsley,
fennel, and dill, small leaved green sage, marjoram, sow anise and coriander.

FRUIT OARDBN.

Prune and thin loquat trees, and leechees ; trim orange, lemoo, and lime trees :
coen out and trim the roots of vines ; plant out strawberry suckers and divisions oi
tbc roots for fruiting beds.

SHRUBBBRT AMD FLOWER GARDEN.

Open out the roots of Bossorah roses for early blossoming, and plant cuttings ; sow
aimuaU.



NOVEMBER.

KITCHEN GARDEN.

Plant out the late sown eariy York and ejurly Batersea eid>baffe, also sugar loaf and
drumhead cabbage and savoy ^ plant out the red cabbage early in the month y sow
Brussels sprouU to prick out in twenty-five days ; plant out cauliflowers and brocco-
li : sow marrow fat, imperial blue, green marrow, and green scymetr4 pease ; sow
Windsor beans ; sow scarlet rtmuers ; sow American flat winter turnip, early Dutch
and stone tumip,and Botan turnip : plant out knole kole ; sow early bean, long orange
carrot, dwarf red beet, turnip-rooted t>eet. bug blood beet salsify, scarlet ana turnip
radish, Spanish radish, round spinach and Spanish spinach, and white beet; sow and
plant out sorrel ; thin out Bombay and Patna onions ; sow Portuguese and Dutch oni*
ons, and small red onions^ plant out leeks ; manure and prepare early asparagus beds ;
sow sea kale ; plant out arUchokes in fruiting beds ; sow cos lettuce, cabbage leUuce,
endiv^ red celery, early long warted squashy scollop squash, and parsley ; plant out



FRUIT GARDEN.

Prune mango trees that are in espalier, and thin out such as «re standard.

SHRUBBBRT AND FLOWER GARDEN.

Open out the roots of Bussorah roses for succession, also of rose Edward and Mad-
ras rose, cutting down the branches ; trim sweet briari and the many flowered rose ;
divide and repUat bulbs, continue to sow annuaU.

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PAST i.] KAUBKJDiJU CYII

DECEMBER.

KITCBBM QAMUmHf,

Plant out the Ute cauliflowers, sow knight's dwarf, and marrow hi peas, and yel-
low Canada beaiu ; plant out knole kMe : sow earl j horn carrot for a late crop :
sow long blood beet, salsif j, and turnip radian ; plant out BombaT onion ; sow smaU
red onions ; earth up leeks ; manure and make up asparagus beds, flood those made
last month for an early crop ; plant out artichokes if not done last month ; sow coa
leUuce, cabbage lettuce, and endive ; put out Italian celery in trenches ;, sow early
long warted squash, and early scollop squash.

FBUIT GARDEN.

Corer in the roots of peach trees ; die round the roots of the mango trees and gire
them manure ; tnin fruiting Tines, and fill in the roots with manure and rich earth.

8HRUBBEBY AMD FLOWBB OABDEN.

Open out the roots and prune such rose trees as are for late blossoming, pnme
China and Persian roses, &c.



PRODUCE OF THE GARDEN.



January.



VtgetahUa. Early York and early Battersea cabbage, su^ loaf cabbage^ drumhead
calb^age, amroy, cauliflower, broccoh, marrow-fat pea» impenal blue pea, green marrow
pea, Masagon bean, dwarf Canada bean, potatoe,American flat turnip, early dwarf and
stone turnip, knole kole, earlv horn carrot, dwarf red beet, turnip, rooted beet, long
blood beety turnip radish, white beet,, sorrel, cos-lettuce, cabbage lettuce^ endive^ Italian
celery, acoUo|> squash, large and small tomato, gourd, briojal.

Fruit. Hair, orange, plantains, a few pine-apples but not in perfectioui a few early
or forced loquats, tipparee.

February.

VtmiaUu. Bed drumhead sugar loaf^ and earlr York cabbage, late eauliflower,
knight's nea, marrow-fat pea, Windsor bean, Lima bean, scarlet runner, mukunseem^
poUtoe, knole kole, early bom carrot, larffe oran^ carrot, parsnip, tumip-rooted
beet, long blood beet salsify, country radish, white beet, sorrel, orache or red sSg,
leek, asparagus, cos lettuce, cabbage lettuce, endive, scollop squash, large tomato,
okro, gourd.

FmUt, Loqnat, bullock's heart, strawberry, custard apple, but not good, mulberry,
strawberry, guavas in perfection.

March.

VegetahUM. Sugar-loaf cabbage, Brussels sprout, knight's pea, marrow fat pea,
lama bean, scarlet runner, roukunseem, Brazilian pea, potatoe, knole kole, early horn,
carrot, larg^e orange carrot, long blood beet, salsify, white beet, sorrel, orache or red
and green sag, leek, asparagus, endive, red celery,long warted squash, scollop squash,
pulwul, Iftrze tomato, long red pepper, okro.

Fruits. Kose apple, loquat, leechee, bullock's heart, strawberry, water melon.

April.

Vwtiadlm, Lima bean, mtdtunseem, potatoe, sugar-loaf cabbage, early horn car-
rot, long blood beet, salsify, sweet potatoes white beet, orache, or red and ffreen sig,
leek, asparagus, artichoke, red celery, dwarf cucumber, crook necked squash, scollop
squashy pulwul, lurge tomato, okro^ gourd.

FruUs. Peach, apricot, mango^ Apple, pear, rose apple, leechee, bullock's heart,
melon, water melon, corinda.

May.

Vegetat!U$. Potatoe, salsify, sweet p<»tatoe, large onion, small red enion, orache or
rsd and green siig, leek, garlic, asparagus, artichoke, dwarf cucumber, pulwul, turaee,
lam tomato, gourd, cabbage sprouts.

rrmka. Peach, mango, rose apple, leechee, wampee, jack fruit, fig, pine apple,
grap^ melon, water mefon, jnmrool, pomegranate, custard applet papiah.



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CVIII CALENDAR* [PART I.

June.

TtaetaibUs, PoUtoe, country radish, rweet poUtoe, small red onion, red and green
sag, asparagus, artichoke, dwarf cucumber, long warted squash, turaee, large tomato,
brinial. gourd. ^ . »

Frutts, Lougan, wampee, sweet sop, fig, pine-apple, grape, melon, mango, a few
peaches, guava, papiah, shaddock.

July.

VegttahUa, Pertab Sing's been, potatoe, country radish, red and green sag, aspara-
gus, long green cucumber, dwarf cucumber, long warted squash, turaee, brinjal, Indian
com, okro.

Fruits. Wampee, bullock's heart, sweet sop, fig, pine-apple, guara, cumrunga,
corinda, papiah.

August.

Vegetables, Assam bean, winged pea, poUtoes but indifferent, red and green sftr,
asparagus, Nepal cucumber, dwarf cucumber, long warted squash, turaee, brinjal,
Indian com, okio, mukumseem.

Fruits. Sweet sop, bullock's heart, alligator or arocado pear, a few pine-apples but
indifferent, guava.

Sbptbmbbb.

Vegetables. Borecole or kale, a few Tery early peas, Assam bean, black bean, yam,
green Nepal spinach, small cabbage lettuce, dwarf cucumber, Nepal cucumber, brin-
jal, Indian com.

Fruits. Sweet sop, guara, shaddock. ,

OCTOBBB.

Vegetables. Turnip, skirret, scarlet radish, yam, sweet potatoe, round spinach,
Spanish spinach, cabbage lettuce, small endive, Nepal cucumber, dwarf cucumber.
Fruits. Sweet sop, pomegranate.

NOTBMBEB.

Vegetables, Early York and early Battersea cabbage, cauliflower, early pea for
regular succession, dwarf French beans, eurly new potatoes, Botan tumip, knoie kole,
white carrot, skirret, scarlet and turnip radish, yam, sweet potatoe, round and prickly
spinach, Spanish spinach, white beet, young onion, cabbage lettuce, endive, Nepal
encumber, dwarf cucumber, large capsicum, Nepal pepper, oaro.

Fruits. Orange, shaddock, (scarce,) papiah, plantain.

Dbcbmbbb.

Vegetables. Early York and early Battersea cabbage, savoy, cauliflower, early pea,
dwarf French bean, potatoes, early dwarf tumip, knole kole, white carrot, dwarr red
beet, scarlet tumip, and Spanish radish, yam, sweet potatoe, round spinach, white
beet^ cos lettuce, cabbage lettuce, endive, white solid celery, scollop squash, small
tomato, black round pepper, okro, brinjal.

Fruits, Orange^ Tipparee, plantain.



EmuLCT FBOM ▲ Lettbb fbom De. J. Forbes Rotlb to J. C. Mbltill,
Esq., Secbetabt to the hon'ble the Court of Directors op the
East India Company, dated 318t December, 1838.

The southern provinces of India, including Bengal and the Lower provinces, with
much of the Peninsula, being of a tropical nature and climate, vrith little cold weather,
are chiefly suited for the cultivation of the plants, whether annual or perennial of
the intratropical Islands and of America and Africa. As the tropic, like the rainy
season, however, extends over all India, the peculiarities of a tropical climate, heat and
moisture, with considerable uniformity of both, prevail over a great extent of territory
fbr a few months in the year, and therefore in the most nonhera parts we have the
cultivation of rice, songhun, Indian corn and other tropical grains, m the very same
fields where, in the cold weather months, we have wheat and barley, with peas and
beans. This double climate and double culture it is necessary to notice in order



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PABT I.] KALENDAB. CIX

to hftTe m complete riew of the nature of the country and climate of North India.
The mean temperature of the year at Seharunpore in 30* of north latitude is about
73*, and of the months of January ft2, February 55, March 67, April, 78, May 65,
June 90, July 85, Aueuit 83, September 70, October 74, November 64, December 55.
From the middle of April the various uieful and ornamental plants of European
climates mar be successfully cultivated ; the minimum of temperature in January ia
S5* Fah. and the maximum 105^ in June.

The nursery which I established at Mussooree in the Himalayas,at 6,500 feet of eleva-
tion, though 50 miles distant, is very ronvenient for the introduction of European plants.
Mussooree has a minimum of only 25* and a maximum of 80* of Fan. shewing
that the equability is ereater than in the neighbouring plains. The mean tempera-
ture is about 57*, and of the months of January 42, February 45, March 53, April 59,
May 66, June 67, July 67, August 66, September 64, October 57, November 50, De-
cembe, 45. The season for cultivation in the Mussooree climate is from March to Oc-
tober, but between the Seharunpore garden and Mussooree nursenr a complete year of
moderate climate may be obtained for the germination of seeds of temperate climates.

At Seharunpore in November 64, December 55, January 52, February 55, and
March 57.

At Mussooree in April 59, May 66, June 67, July 67, August 66, September 64, and
October 57.

The climate having been proved favorable little diiBculty will be experienced with
the soil or with irrigation ; as far as the experiments are concerned the subsequent dis-
tribution of planu which have succeeded in the depot eardeos must of course be
determined br various circumstances, but the first should only be sent to favorable
localities, as udlure is apt to discourage further attempts. The next subject of atten-
tion and for which the preceding observations are onlv preparatory, is the kind of
plants best suited to the northern paru of India and the Himalaya Mountains. Here
we must be guided not only by the nature of the plants with respect to vicissitudes of
temperature, but also their usefulness, their annual or perennial nature, and in
noticing the climate into which we wish to introduce them, take care to conlpare it with
that &om which they are to be introduced, llie plants to be introduced may be con-
sidered with respect to their usefulness, or to their fitness for different kinds of climate.
In the former case we should arrange them under the heads of food for the inhabitants,
or fodder for their cattle — such as are likely to be useful in any of the ordinary arU of
life, or those which may afford products likely to become articles of commerce. Merely
ornamental plants should not be neglected, nor those remarkable for their odour,
as both gratify the senses and offer inducements to many to pay attention to garden-
ing, when other more useful plants are necessarily introduced and with little addition-
sd expense. Fruit trees might appear to many as not included among useful plants,
but independent of their increasing the pronortion of esculent matter in a cotmtry,
they mif ht become sources of consjderabie commerce between the plains and moun-
tains of India, as is now the case with Cashmere.

There is another class of plants to which I paid considerable attention when in In-
dia, and which, form the chief objects of ray present duties, and that is medical plants.
I was first requested to do so by the Medical board of Beojgal, and I cultivated many
articles which were pronounced, after trial in the General Hospital at Calcutta, to be
of the best quality. Dr. Falconer, the present able superinlenaent of the Saharuopore
Botanic Garaen, writes me, that extracts of Henbane, which I first cultivated and
manufactured, still continue to be supplied from the Saharunpoiip garden to the
Hospital depots. In the same situation and in the Hill Nursery, many other medicin-
al planU now sent from this country might there be successfully cultivated, and thus
be not only more cheaply produced but also prescribed in a fresher state.

Keeping these several objects in view. I have thought it preferable for practical
purposes, that is, the operations of horticulture and the selection of sites for the ex-
periments, to arrange tnose plants, I have as yet been able to think of, in separate
lists, according to the situations for which they are suited.

1. Annuals fit for cultivation in the plains of India in the cold weather and in the
iommer of the Himalayas.

2. Perennials probably suited to the plains of N. W. India.

3. Perennials suited to the Himalayas.

I hove long thought it a very interesting subject of inquiry to ascertain by experi-
ment whether the grains the people of India possess in common, with Europe, are of
the same degree of goodness and equally {froUfic. As for instance, their wheat, barley,
rice, and mustard seeds, &c.. Some of the plants which I have included in my
list are intended to be useful for their products, which may become objects of com-
merce, bat this involves another subject of enquiry, and that is whether the



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ex KALENDAB. FART V[

MUklofocu rabtUaoM which India luUvrmllT posaeatef art tnpeiior or inferior ine-
quality to those cultivated in other parts of the world.

It IS probable that some of those enumerated in the lists* may'* not be suited
to the localities indicated, andastiU greater number that might be suited to them^
are, I am well aware, entirely omitted, but thia has been from want of time to give the
subject the full consideration it deserves, but as this, to be successful to any great
degree must necessarily be carried on for a few years, I shall be happy to return to
the subject if required, or point out the plants suited (or cultivation in other parts of



Though failure may attend some, I am well satisfied that success will attend the
majority of instances, and feel the utmost confidence in steting that if the subject of
the introduction of useful plants suited to the difierent parts of India be continued,
and the principles which should guide their attempts not be neglected, that very be-
neficial results will in a few years m evident to all, and that if thia be combined with
an investigatiou of, and publication to, the manufacturing world, of the very varied na-
tural procracts of India, an increase of the commerce and resources of that empire will
•Dtue, to an extent anticipated by few, but of which, after long attentioa to the subject
I feel well assured, and hope to be able to prove to the sceptical.

I have, &c.

(Signed) J. Forbes Royle^ M.D.



* These Usts are too volomniouk for insertion here— but doubtless Botanists may be
aUe to obtain copies on application to the Secretary to Government in the Public Depart-



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Jl©S]SIPgIi©c



1S40— C Feb. 17, 2 h. a., 4J dig., Sydney.

O March 4, 4 fa. m., c, Nnbia, China, Japan. N.E.

C Aag. 13, 74 h. m., 7^ di(<., Califbriiia.

O 99 27, 7 h. m., c, south-west of Africa, S.E.

1841* <L Feb. 6, 2^ h. m., t., 19i dig., Brazil.

O 99 21, 1 1 h. m., v., Greenland, Europe, small at Spotb.

J uly 18, 2 h. a., v., Europe and west of Asia, small at South.

C Aug. 2. 10 b. m., t., 184iig., Otaheite.

18^— C Jao* 26, 6 h. a., 9 dig., Bengal.

O July 8, 7 h. m., c, Madeira, Caspian, China.

C „ 22, 11 h. m., 3 dig., Behring's Straits.

O Dec. 31, 7i h. a., c. New Hebrides, South Pacific, South
America.

1843 — O June 27, 7 h a., c, Otaheite, Gallipagos, Paraguay.

C Dec. 6, midnight, 2i dig., London.

O 99 21 , 5i h. m., c, Arabia, Malacca, the Ladrones.

1844— O June 14, midnight, v.. New Holland, New Zealand.

C May 31, 11 h. a., t., 15i dig., Germany.

( Nov. 24, midnight,!.; 18^ dig.> London.

Dec 9, 8 h. a., ▼., North America, small at South.

1845— O May 6, lOi b, m., ▼., Canada, all Europe, except S.E.

C 99 21, 4i h. a., t., 121 dig., China.

O Oct. 30, lOi h. a., ▼., New Holland, New Zealand.

(£ Nov. 14, 1 h. m.. Canaries.

1846— O April 25, 5 h, a., c , thfi Marquesas, Cuba, Senegal.

O Oct. 20, 8i h. m., c, Guinea, Madagascar, Swan River.

1847— <L March 31, 9i b. a., 2} dig., Russia.

April 15, 6i b. m., v.. Cape of Good Hope, c, N. of Now
HoHand.

C Sept 24, 3 b. a., 4i dig., Japan.

Oct. 9, 9i h. m.. c, Scotland, Persia, Cochin China.

1848—0 March 5, H b. a., v., Canada, smalL

C „ 19, 9i h. a., t , 17 ^tg., Russia.

C Sept. 13, 6i h. m., t., 20 dig., Mexico.

„ 27, 10 h. m., v., Russia, Siberia, small.

1849 — Feb. 23, U h. m.,c.,China,North of Japan,N.W. America.

C March 9, I h. nw, 81 di<r.. Canaries.

Aug. 18, 5} h. m.. c, Mozambique, S.E.

(C Sept. 2, 5i h. a., 7 dig., Burmese Empire.

1850 — Feb. 12, Si h. m.,c., Cafiraria, Java, Ladrones.

Aug. 7, 10 h. a., c, Caroline Islands, Owhyhee, S.E.

1851 — <C Jan. 17, 5 h. a., 5| dig., west of China.

Feb. 1, 5 h. m., c. Van Dieman^s Land, New Zealand.

C July 13, 7i h. m., 8i dig., California.

„ 28, 2i h. a., c, N. W. America, Iceland^ Caspian.

1852— C Jan. 7, 6i h. m., t., 16 dig., Mexico.



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[part I.



1852— C July 1, 3 h. a., t., 17i dig., Japan.

O I^ec. 11, 4 b. m., c, Siberia, Japan, Molgrave Island.

C 99 26, 1 h. a., 8 dig., New Caledonia.

1853 — O JuD® 6, 8 b. a., c, Society Islands, Gallepagos, Pern.

C >9 21, 6 h. m., 2^ dig., Mississippi.

O ^ov. 30, 7f h. a.,0,. Sandwich Islands, Peru, Rio Janeiro.

1854— C May 12, 4 h. a., 2 di}?.. East of China.

1854 — O May 26, 10b.a.,c., Ladrones, N. W. America, United
States.

a Nov. 4, 9i h. a., 1 dig., Russia.

1855— C May 2, 4i h. m., t., 19^ dig., Canada.

O f9 16, 2i b. m., ▼., north of Asia.

C Oct. 25, 8 b. m., t., IBJ dig.. New Albion.

1856 — O April 5, 5 h. ra., v.. New Holland ; c. New Zealand,

C „ 20, 9^ h. m., Society Islands.

O Sept. 29, 4 h. m., v., all north of Asia.

C Oct. 13, Iki h. a. lli dig., France.

1857— O March 25, II b. a., c. New South Wales, Pacific, South
California.

O Sept. 18, 6 h. m , c, Greece, India, New Guinea.

1858— C Feb. 27, 10 h. a., 4 dig., Poland.

O March 15, noon, c. Barbadoes, Spain, St. Petersburg.

C Aug. 24, 2i b. a., 5i dig., New Guinea.

O Sept. 7, 2i h. a., c. Chili, S, E. ; ▼,, South of Africa.

1859— C Feb. 17, 11 b. m., t., 19i dig., Bchring's Straits.
O March 4, 10 h. m., v., Greenland.

O July 29, 9 & half b. a., v., north of North America.

C Aug. 13, 4i b. a., t., 19 dig., China.

1860— C Feb. 7, 2J b. ra., 9i dig., Brazil.

O July 18, 2 b. a.,c., New Mexico, Newfoundland, Upper

C Aug. 1, 5i h. a., 4J dig., Ava.
1861— O Jan. ^11, 3i h. ra., c. Isle of France, New Holland, N.E.

O July 8, 2 h. m., c, Java, Caroline islands. Society islands.

C Dec. 17, Si b. m., 2 die:., Nootka.

O „ 31, 2i h. a.,c.. United States, CapeVerd, Sicily.
1862— C June 12, 6i b. m., t. 14i dig., Mexico.

O „ 26, 7 h. m., v.. Cape of Good Hope, Van Diemeu*8
L^nd.

a Dec. 6, 8 h. m., t., 17| dig.. New Albion.

O 99 21, 5i b. m., V. all north of Asia.
1863 — O May 17, 5 b. a., v.. North ^America and Europe, small at
South.

C June 1, midnight, t, 14^ dig., London.

C Nov. 25, 9 h. ro , II dig., Pitcairn^s Island.
1864 — O May 6, Oi b. m., c, Borneo, Sandwich Islands.

O Oct. 30, 3i b. a., c, Gallipagos, Rio Janeiro, Cape of
Good Hope.
1865— C April 11, 5 h. m., U dig., Jamaica.

O 99 25, 3 h. a., c, South Pacific, Brazil, Cape of Good
Hope.



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1865— C Oct. 4, 11 h. a., 31 dig., Italj.

O sy ]9» 5 b. a., c, Sla?e Lake, United States, Cape Verd.

1866-»0 March 16, 10 b. a., ▼. N.E. of Asia, N.W. of America.

C »9 31, 5 h. in., t. 16 dig., Jamaica.

C Sept. 24, 2^ b. a., t. 19 di<c.. Van Diemen's Land.

O Oct. 8, 5 h. a., v., north of America, N.W. of Europe.

1867 — O March 6, 10 b. m.,c., Cape Verd Islands, France, Tobolski.

<C „ 20, 9 b. m., 9i dig^., Pitcairn's Island.

O Aug. 29, 1 b. a., c, Buenos Ayres, S.E.

C Sept. 14, 1 b. ra., 8 dig.. Canaries.

1868— O Feb. 23, 2} h. a,,c. ,South Pacific, Guiana, N.E. of Africa*

O Aag. 18, 5i h. m., c, Egypt, India, Caroline Isles.

1669— C Jan. 28, IJ b. m., 6i dig.. Cape Verd.

O Feb. 11, noon, v.. South Africa, Madasrascar.

C July 23, 2 h. a., 6i dig., New South Wales.

O Aug. 7, 10 b. a.,c.,Manchoo Tartary, New Albion, Mexico.

C July 12, lib. a., t. 19 dig., Italy.

1870 — O Dec. 22, Oi b. a., c, Mexico, Spain, Black Sea.

1871— C Jan. 6, 2i b. a., 8 dig., Russia.

O June 18, 2i b. ro.,c., Java, New Guinea, Friendly Islands.

<C July 2, lib. a., 4 dig., Kamschatka.

O T>ec. 12, 4i h. m.,c., Persian Gulf, north of New Holland,
Mulgrave Island.

1872— C May 22, Hi b. a., IJ dig, France.

O June 6,3i b. m., c, Lacradives, Pekin, Sandwich Islands.

O Nov. 30, 7 b. a., c. Friendly Islands, Cape Horn, S. E.

1873— C May 12, Hi, b. m., t, 17i dig.. Friendly Islands.

O May 26, 9i b. m.,v.. North Atlantic, north of Europe

C Nov. 4, 4i h. a., t., 18 dig., China. [and Asia.

1874— O April 16, l| b, a., v.. Cape of Good Hope.

C May 1, 4i b. x, 9i dig., China.

O Oct. 10, Hi h. m., c. Bailings Bay, Norway, Tobolski.

C „ 25, 8 h. m., t., 12 dig.. New Albion.

1875^0 April 6, 7 b. m., c, Caffraria, Maldives, Philippines.

O Sept. 29, 1^ b. a., c. United States, Sierra Leono,
Mozambique.

1876— a March 10, 6i b. m., 3i dig., Mexico.

O 99 35,8 b. a.,c., Mulgrave's Island, Nootka, Greenland.

<C Sept. 3, 9i h. a., 4 dig., Russia.

O t> 17, 10 h. a., c. New Guinea, Cape Horn.

1877— <L Feb. 27, 7i b. a., t. 191 dig., east of Persia.
O March 15, 3 h. m., ▼.» north of Asia.

O Aug. 9, 5tb. ra., v., north of Asia and America.
C »9 23, Hi b. a«, t. central France.

1878— C Feb. 17, lib. m., 9i dig., Behring's Straits.

O July 29, 9i h. a., c, Mancboo Tartary, Behring's Straits,

United States.

C Aug. 12, midnight, 5i dig., Lopdon.

1879— O Jan. 22, noon, c. Peru, St. Helena, Maldives.

O July 19, 9 b. m., c, Guinea, Abyssinia, N.W. of New
Holland.



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187©— C Dec. 28, 4^ h. a., 1 J dig., China.

1880— O Ja>*' 11, 1 1 h- a., c, Pellew Island, Scarboro*s California.

C June 22, 2 h. a., t. 12| dig^.. New South Wales.

O July 7, 1 h. a., v., Cape of Good Hope.

C Dec. 16,4 h. a., (. 16| dig., east of China.

O 9» 31, 2 h. a., v.. North America and Europe, small at
south.

1881 — O May 27, midnight, v.. East of Asia, N.W. of America.

a June 12, 7 h. m., t, 15| dig., New Mexico.

C Dec. 5, 5| h. a., 11 J dig., Ava.

1882 — O May 17, 8 h. m., c, Guinea, Persia, China.

O Nov. 19, midnight, c, Borneo, Norfolk Island, Easter
Island.

1883— O May 6, U J h. a.,c., Philippines, Tonga Island, Pitcaim's
Island.

C Oct. 16, 7i h. m., 3 dig., California.

O >» 30, midnight, c, nonh of Japan, Owyhee, S.E.

1884— O March 27, 6 h. m., v., N.E. of Europe, north of Asia,
small at East.

C April 10, noon, t. 15 dig".. New Zealand.

C Oct. 4, 10 J h. a., t. 18| dig, Greece.

O 9» 19, 1 h. m., v., east of Asia, North America.



Online LibraryWilliam Rainey HarperThe Bengal and Agra annual guide and gazetteer, for 1841- → online text (page 17 of 162)