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THE UNIVERSITY OE CHIC A












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SEMITIC LANGUAGES
BIBLICAL GREEK



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LIBRARY

OF THE

University of California.



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V



THE STRUCTURE OF THE TEXT OF THE
BOOK OF AMOS



PREFATORY NOTE

An effort has been made in the paper that follows to present the text of Amos
with special reference to (1) its strophic structure; (2) the separation of later addi-
tions; (3) such modifications of the text as a conservative criticism would approve.

The justification of the modifications here presented and of the divisions suggested
is furnished in the author's Amos and Hosea ("International Critical Commentary,"
1904), where will be found also a presentation of the views of others upon the logical
or strophic structure. The general scheme of Amos, as given here, was first presented
in The Biblical World, Vol. XII (1898), pp. 86-89, 179-182, 251-256, 333-338.

In those cases of verbal modification which are supported by other students of
the text the principal authorities have been cited.

The translation is intended to follow closely the Hebrew idiom, and, inasmuch as
it was important to have it correspond line for line, the idiom is sometimes, perhaps,
more Hebraic than English.

The original text of the prophecy is printed in large type, explanatory glosses
and other later additions being in small type on the margin. The place of the gloss
in the Massoretic text is indicated by a star (*), except (a) where the gloss is an
entire clause, or verse, and therefore receives a verse number as in the main text, and
(6) within later additions where the glosses are inclosed in parentheses. Square
brackets are employed to indicate words or phrases supposed to have been lost from
the Massoretic text.

The following abbreviations are employed : jfHSD = The Massoretic text. (3 = The
Septuagint version. U = The Vulgate. C = The Targum. §> = The Peshitto.



THE STRUCTURE OF THE TEXT OF THE BOOK

OF AMOS

William Rainey Habpeb
§1. THE SUPERSCRIPTION, 1:1

rprrnwsc) diet "nm
-iek jnprna (ninpaa
yam b*n»i - by nrn
rffai rmrvnbtt rv>ty
I^e tnwp DW

§2. THE TEXT, OR MOTTO, OF THE BOOK, 1

nam)
owdi Trans mm
nbnp -jm ob»YWi

:bE"on »»n wn



§3. APPROACHING JUDGMENTS UPON THE SURROUNDING NATIONS, 1:3—2:5

A. JUDGMENT UPON SYRIA, 1:3-5

mrr laa ro *** i

w«» »b r»nn«-byi

bran ninna DiDivb*

lubarmt

b«Trrrvaa tdk wbrai 4 n

pTs^n ma Traxcn 5

■p«-nrpn» awn tmam m

prrraa tacsa "pirn
m^ -ma* •rnp D-tiroy itei



130



THE STRUCTURE OF THE TEXT OF THE BOOK

OF AMOS

William Rainey Harper
§1. THE SUPERSCRIPTION, 1:1

The words of Amos (who had
been among the shepherds)
of Tekoa which he saw con-
cerning Israel in the days
of Uzziah, king of Judah,
and in the days of Jero-
boam, son of Joash, king
of Israel, two years before
the earthquake.

§2. THE TEXT, OR MOTTO, OF THE BOOK, 1:2

(And he said)
Yahweh roars from Zion,
And utters his voice from

Jerusalem,
And the pastures of the

shepherds mourn,
And the top of Carmel

withers.

§3. APPROACHING JUDGMENTS UPON THE SURROUNDING NATIONS. 1:3—2:5

A. JUDGMENT UPON SYRIA, 1:3-5

i 1:3 Thus has Yahweh said:

For three transgressions of Damascus,
Yea, for four, I will not revoke it;
Because they have threshed with threshing instru-
ments of iron
Gilead.

ii 4 And I will send a fire in the house of Hazael,

And it shall devour the palaces of Ben-hadad;
5 And I will break the bars of Damascus.

in And I will cut off the inhabitant from the valley of

Aven,
And the scepter-holder from Beth-Eden;
And the people of Aram shall go into captivity to

Kir. * * Has Yahweh said.

131



The Structure of the Text of the Book of Amos



B. JUDGMENT UPON PHILISTIA, 1:6-8



: mm ^d-ik tq» » e



mm ntta ro 9 1
ns vno rrBbtrb*
iDn^wx »b nyn-«-bn
mabra mba DTaorrb*

tm»b
: DTix m-o tot Kbi

-nEinn m ^nnbsn 10 11
mni3Bi» nboxi



mm tok ro 11 1

Di"i« iy«B rrobtrby

laawnt Kb nya-ijrbyn

ttik nnnn iB-n _ by

(nam nrwi)

■»» -trb inbTi

onm rrvai& in-on)

■pava ek Tinbci 12 n
:msa matna nbaai



rnrr n^s pd e 1

ht? ws rrabizrb?

•earn* sb frmrbn

rrabio nibs Dmb:rrb?

:onab Tacnb

■pnprb? t tvcncffi 8 c

pbpiD^a tarns "pnwi
D^mrbs mam Tram »<*



C. JUDGMENT UPON TYRE, 1:9,10



D. JUDGMENT UPON EDOM, 1:11,12



i iWE CHIS" 1 ! ; as above 5, F, Olshausen (on Ps. Hirscht (Zeitschrift filr wissenschaftliche Theologie, Vol.
103:9), Gkaetz, Wellhausen, Guthe, Driver, Elhorst, XLIV, pp. 11-73).
Oettli (Amos und Hosea, 1901), Oort (Emendationes),

132



William Rainey Haepee



B. JUDGMENT UPON PHILISTIA, 1:6-8

Thus has Yahweh said:

For three transgressions of Gaza,

Yea, for four, I will not revoke it ;

Because they carried into complete captivity,

To deliver them up to Edom.

And I will send a fire in the wall of Gaza,
And it shall devour her palaces ;
8 c And I will turn my hand against Ekron;

rii 8 o, 6 And I will cut off the inhabitant from Ashdod,
And the scepter-holder from Askelon,
8d And the remnant of the Philistines shall perish.*



ji



♦The Lord Yahweh has said.



C. JUDGMENT UPON TYRE, 1:9,10



D. JUDGMENT UPON EDOM, 1:11, 12



I 9 Thus has Yahweh said :
For three transgressions of

Tyre,
Yea, for four, I will not

revoke it ;
Because they carried into

complete captivity to

Edom,
And did not remember the

brotherly covenant.

II 10 And I will send a fire in

the wall of Tyre,
And it shall devour her
palaces.



I 11 Thus has Yahweh said :
For three transgressions of

Edom,

Yea, for four, I will not
revoke it ;

Because he pursued his
brother with the sword,

(And destroyed his com-
passion)

And cherished his anger
perpetually,

(And kept his anger
forever).

II 12 And I will send a fire in

Teman,
And it shall devour the
palaces of Bozrah.



133



The Structure of the Text of the Book of Amos
e. judgment upon ammon, 1:13-15

mr n?ja to 13

■pay-aa ^yras rrabizrby

isa^a «b nya-iarbyi

Tyban rvnn oypn-by

jobmrna amn pab



insno era nyoa*



navnwo iz)« "ram ^ n

rrrvaana nbiDtfi
♦rranba dyq nynru



nbiaa D5b?j -jbm 15 m
nm rnoi wn
mrr tdk

if. JUDGMENT UPON MOAB, 2:1-3

mrr ton to 2: 1 1
aaia "yiDB.rrabw-by

Wisa »b nyan»-byi
DT7»"|bl2 masy isnra by
aaia-riaiBa nan 2 rrab 2 C



aaiaa tstt h nnbisi 2 a, & n
rvmpn rraana nbsai
ibitb bipa nynna



ranpa EBiifl ^mam

lay arris mfc-bai

mrr tbh

G. JUDGMENT UPON JUDAH, 2:4, 5
mm "ttStf HD 2:4 1

mm 'Wit rrabtrb*

"\snom »b nyaia-byi

mirrna noira~by

mm

•mo tub nipm

Dmara myrm)

oma» "Dbn t»k

com-ina

rmrra vk vmbm 5 n

2 * 1 T>iB5; for above reading see my "Amos and Hosea" (International Critical Commentary 4), p.

134



2d

3 III



William Rainey Haepeb



E. JUDGMENT UPON AMMON, 1:13-15

i 13 Thus has Yahweh said:

For three transgressions of the children of Ammon,

Yea, for four, I will not revoke it ;

Because they have ripped up the women with child

of Gilead,
That they might enlarge their border.

ii 14 But I will kindle a fire in the wall of Rabbah,

And it shall devour her palaces,
With shouting in the day of battle,*



* With a storm in the day of
tempest.



hi 15 And their king shall go into exile,

He and his princes together;
Yahweh has said.

F. JUDGMENT UPON MOAB, 2:1-3

I 2: i Thus has Yahweh said:

For three transgressions of Moab,
Yea, for four, I will not revoke it ;
Because they burned the bones of the king of Edom,
2 c In order to desecrate the dead on account of violence
done to Moab.



ii



hi



2 o, b But I will send a fire in Moab,

And it shall devour the palaces of Keryyoth,

2 a With shouting, with the sound of trumpet.

3 And I will cut off the judge from the midst of her,
And all her princes I will slay along with him ;
Yahweh has said.

Q. JUDGMENT UPON JUDAH, 2:4, 5



12:4 Thus has Yahweh said :
For three transgressions of

Judah,
Yea, for four, I will not

revoke it ;
Because they have rejected

the law of Yahweh,
And have not observed his

statutes.
(And their lies have caused

them to err,
After which their father

walked.)

II 5 But I will send a fire in
Judah,
And it shall devour the
palaces of Jerusalem.



135



10 The Structure op the Text of the Book of Amos
§4. JUDGMENT AGAINST THE NATION ISRAEL, 2:6-16

A. THE INJUSTICE AND OPPRESSION IN ISRAEL, 2:6-8

mrr ia« re 2:« i
barnr ws rrabizrby
iaa-is» ab ?ra"«-b:n

pnx r,C3n onsa-b?

:d^d -nam itohi

rata bs bsa
:orrnba rra

psr-ay-by* trbi »ma * 3 D^s^n 7 ra

id" 1 d-i» frn

'rnj'srrba isb -1 V3«i urai

Y^wip Durna bbn "prab

U. THE EFFORTS MADE BY YAHWEH TO BUILD UP ISRAEL, 2 : 9-12

ffnsra para D^nx Trbyn *ssik\ 2=10 1
jnaan p«-n« rnznb »[mn tttraw]



tmb«s firrrpm ima DTwrcafi -noa
:win» rowi bras ns tswhi






3j3aa; D^SSTBn; as above «5, £, F, and Bade, *iKE m^SH ; as above, Hoffmann, Zeitschrift fiXr

Wellhausen, Geaetz, Nowack, Toeeey (Journal of die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft, Vol. Ill, pp. 99 ff.
Biblical Literature, Vol. XV, p. 151), G. A. Smith, and

Lohb (Untersuchungen z. Buch Amos, 1901). J> These words are found in S>.

136



William Kainey Harper 11

§4. JUDGMENT AGAINST THE NATION ISKAEL, 2:6-16

A. THE INJUSTICE AND OPPRESSION IN ISRAEL, 2:6-8

I 2: 6 Thus has Yahweh said:

For three transgressions of Israel,
Yea, for four, I will not revoke it ;
Because they sell the righteous for money,
And the needy for a pair of shoes.

ii 8 And because garments taken in pledge they spread

out
Beside every altar,

And the wine of such as have been fined they drink,
In the houses of their gods.

Ill 7 Who Crush the head of the poor,* *to the dust of the earth.

And the way of the humble they turn aside,

And a man and his judge deal according to

agreement,
And so profane my holy name.

B. THE EFFORTS MADE BY YAHWEH TO BUILD UP ISRAEL, 2:9-12

I 2:10 And yet it was I who brought you up from the land

of Egypt,
And led you in the wilderness forty years,
[And brought you hither] to possess the land of
the Amorite.

II And it was I who destroyed from before them the

Amorite,
Whose height was like that of the cedars, and he

was strong as the oaks ;
But I destroyed his fruit from above and his roots

from beneath.

in n a Moreover I raised up some of your sons for prophets,

and some of your youths for nazirites;
12 But ye made the nazirites drink wine, and upon

the prophets ye laid prohibition.* * saying, "Ye shall not proph-

n b Is not this indeed so, O children of Israel ? It is

the oracle of Yahweh.



137



12 The Structure of the Text of the Book of Amos

c. the impending calamity, 2:13-16

■^Da n:n ["pb] 2=13 1

wnnn p*ya

nbayn p-?n nraatt

:tsj nb naban

bpa tm lawi 14 n

ins yajr-ab pTm

nantb nrcpn rasro «a

6 ttbir-»b vbra bpi 15 6 in

crTian mb "pan »«
■rasa t^-ab T ttron i5c



5. THE ROAR OF THE LION; DESTRUCTION IS COMING, 3:1-8

bx-itp ■*»• ♦wb* mrr nnTiics nTmnnrma i*ot s : 1 i

:Ta»b trwa-yum ^rvb?n nrca nnsiDarrbs-b*



n^nari mnsnfl^-bD^ tot Dina pn 2 n

itewrrta ri« wby ipsa "p-b*
two-Da ^nbn tttp eras iDb^n 3



ib "pa cptfi ->ra ma skizjti 4 m
•ftb-na "nba irwja ibip tbs ■pvn
nb -pa apiai "pan "gyb* niss bsnn 5
msb* xb tobi rrBTHTrie ns-nbrn



6$a& ta^TQ 1 ); as above, ffi, S, S, F, Hitzig, Geaetz, sjaff JIB i as above, S and Perles, Analekten zur

Nowack, Deivee, Elhobst, Ooet, Oettli, Hiescht, ei al. Text-Kritik des Alten Testaments, 1895.
7 iHE 0*Hjp ; for above reading see Amos and Hosea, p. 63.

138



William Kainey Harper 13

c. the impending calamity, 2:13-16

i 2:13 Therefore, behold, it is I

Who will make you groan in your places,
Just as the threshing-wagon makes groan
(The floor) filled with sheaves.

ii u Then shall refuge fail the swift,

And the strong shall not strengthen his force,
And the warrior shall not deliver himself,

15 a And he that handles the bow shall not stand.

in is 6 And the swift of foot shall not rescue himself,

16 o And the stoutest of heart among the warriors ;

15 c And the skilled shall not deliver himself,

16 6 And he that rideth a horse shall flee away in that

day.* *It is the oracle of Yah weh.

§5. THE ROAR OF THE LION; DESTRUCTION IS COMING, 3:1-8
i 3: l Hear this word which Yah weh has spoken against

yOU, * * O children of Israel,

Against the whole family that I brought up from
the land of Egypt, saying,

ii 2 You only have I known of all the families of the

earth,
[But you have forsaken and rejected Yah weh, your

God;]
Therefore will I visit upon you all your iniquities;
3 Can two walk together if they be not agreed?

in 4 Does a lion roar in the forest when there is no prey

for him?
Does a young lion utter his voice from his den
unless he has taken something?
5 Does a bird fall upon the ground if there is no

hunter ?
Does a snare fly up from the ground without
catching anything?



139



14 The Structure of the Text of the Book of Amos

mrr-»b Dan T?a ibud yprp-D« e iv
jnwrab mm t» nn n^nn-os

nm rnrr n Dia rrar-ab "0 7
itnraan rnnrba mo nbs pars



«tp ab 12 jwd rn« s v

i»ar-»b ra "Qi mrr ^a



§6. THE DOOM OF SAMARIA, 3:9—4:3

■psa maaia-bn ittoks nww-b* iraofi s: 9

nnpn oyiwv * Hiiro man riOTta urn ■fnaw , irrby lsc»H

HIIT DM rra m^3? irp-«bl 10

: Drrnwija wi can trnawn



ynan "aajr-is mrr tt« -mro pb u n
j-rtiww 17331 -p* -pa mm
■ppn rvo-b* tprn rra *vsm 15
rnrv-Mw* *ffon dto ibci TOrrro TTam



S"Cnn b h 2T 11D«3 mrr TOSTD 12 in

"(Tjrbin ih crro -mo "mrrm

ynnwz\ D'oizrn binw^aa ibsr p
: 12513? praami ntaa nasn



9»ff ">"^n; as above, <£, &, Syro-Hexaplar, Oobt lOiKE 21201; as above, M, and Steineb, Gunning,

(Theologisch Tijdschrift, Vol. XIV, p. 129), Wellhausen, SebOk, Wellhausen, Geaetz, Valeton, Nowack, Deivee,

Nowack, G. A. Smith, LOhb, Elhobst, Oettli, Baumann Lour. Elhobst, Hibscht, Oettli, Mabti.
(Der Aufbau der Amos-Reden, 1903), and Mabti (Kurzer ' V

Hand-Commentar, 1903). I |

140



William Rainey Harper 15



iv 6 Can a trumpet be sounded in a city and the

people not tremble?
Can evil happen in a city and Yahweh not have
caused it?
7 But the Lord Yahweh does nothing,

Except he reveal his purpose to his servants the
prophets.

v 8 The lion has roared ; who is there that does not fear ?

The Lord Yahweh has spoken; who is it that
cannot prophesy?



§6. THE DOOM OF SAMARIA, 3:9—4:3

i 8: 9 Proclaim over the palaces in Ashdod, and over the

palaces in the land of Egypt:* * and say

Gather ye upon the mountain of Samaria, and see

the manifold tumults therein;* *and the oppressions within

10 And how they know not to do good, it is the oracle her '

of Yahweh,
These who treasure violence and oppression in
their palaces.

ii n Therefore, thus has the Lord Yahweh said: An
adversary shall surround the land,
And he shall strip from thee thy strength, and thy
palaces shall be plundered;
15 And I will smite the winter house together with
the summer house,
And the houses of ivory shall perish, yea many

houses 8hall Cease.* *lt is the oracle of Yahweh.

in 12 Thus has Yahweh said: As the shepherd rescues,
From the mouth of the lion, two legs or a piece of

an ear,
So the children of Israel shall be rescued, they

who dwell in Samaria
In the corner of a couch, in the damask of a divan.



141



16



The Structure of the Text of the Book of Amos



mm 0318) DX3*

:(rn«axn ^nba)



♦apy^rraa rrym vara « iv
vb? bawdies ^ps ora h s m
burrs mrata by tnpv\
i"p«b ib«n rntan rwp vrai



jran rvns nin imn vara *= 1 v
^"i^id Tn tiara*] nra«

innran naran Dmrwb rtnaan



mm"D«3t mas wdk*



iranpa mm "rw yaraD

DD-b? n^a era" hdh "s

rnYmrroa "pmrifco mass DDn« ksti

ttrmavin "irobram *nD»sn trs-wi



VI



§7. ISRAEL'S FAILURE TO UNDERSTAND THE DIVINE JUDGMENTS, 4:4-13

TOBl b&UTl 1«a 4: 4 I

yrasb iann bsbsn

Da-raT npab wnm

jDaTnrasa ora" nrabrab



rmn yarn: itspi
varan nmiD impi

:mm "s-rs oaw



ii



Dab iw "wan

aa^rbaa D*3ra fTps.
oaTraipa-baa anb xtn
:mm"DM ■h? anara-abi



6 III



1 i®& mrO^tPm ; as above, <E, F, and Hitzig.



142



William Rainey Harper



17



iv 13 Hear ye and testify against the house of Jacob,*
That in the day when I visit the transgressions of

Israel upon him,
I will inflict punishment upon the altars of Beth-el,
And the horns of the altar shall be cut off and fall
to the ground.

v 4: 1 Hear this word, ye kine of Bashan,

Who [dwell] in the mountain of Samaria,
Who injure the poor, and crush the needy,
Who say to their husbands, bring that we may
drink.

vi 2 The Lord Yahweh has sworn by his holiness:
Behold days are coming upon you,
And ye shall be taken with hooks, even the last of
you with fish-hooks,
3 And through breaches ye shall go forth,* and
ye shall be cast toward Harmon.*



*it is the oracle of (the Lord)
Yahweh (God of Hosts).



* each woman straight before

her.
*it is the oracle of Yahweh.



§7. ISRAEL'S FAILURE TO UNDERSTAND THE DIVINE JUDGMENTS, 4:4-13

i 4: 4 Go ye to Bethel and transgress,
In Gilgal increase transgression,
And bring every morning your sacrifices,
Every third day your tithes.

ii 5 And burn of leavened bread a thank-offering,

And proclaim free-will offerings, make them

known,
For so ye love to do, O children of Israel;
It is the oracle of the Lord Yahweh.

in 6 I also it was who gave to you

Cleanness of teeth in all your cities,
And lack of bread in all your places,
But ye did not return unto me; it is the oracle of
Yahweh.



143



18



The Structure of the Text of the Book of Amos



D^znn n»b» tiya*

TBpb

"itaan nna npbn 7&
T'tattn Kb TB8 npbm
wi itoa^n mby »a
- bs n-ny rcbic D^nra
dti rnnrcb nnx Ty



nna ry-by "ffiwaffi

n"t27i« Mb nn« Ty-byi

hut-dms ,ta iy annw-abi

■pp-rsi ^wnoa Dsna tvwi
tara-oi DDtvoa "TOinn

DT3H b^&T DSTffi DWMtVl

jmrr-D»3 -ny Dmurabi



7 a IV



86



9 V



D^oio inn? oy*



onsta-prn im wdzl wbw w

♦Eft'nirn aira twi

13 D5Ssn Dwrta wan nby«l

jmrr-DMa "ny Dnaio-Mbi



VI



***** DDi "'rosn ii
may-riMi mcrnM D^nba nssrra
nsnwa bana tims vnni

jmrr-DMa h iy Draw-Mbi



VII



D^nn -uni nsn ^ 13

nin *nm
lmrraa onab tsw
ns^y -in© may
■p» vrtaa"by tm



bM-vur -jb-rraya ro pb
law rmasmbM rrrr

-jb"moyM riMT"^ npy
:b&nw -j"nbM-nMipb pn



12 a

13 e
12 6, c



VIII



§8. A DIRGE ANNOUNCING ISRAEL'S COMING DESTRUCTION, 5:1-6, 8, 9

riTH "OTJTIM lyttffl 5: i i

ib*oizr rrn nrp

nilT ^31X 153M-rD "5 3 a

i 2 iKE FllZnn i as above, Wellhausen, Nowack, machus, and Wellhausen, Geaetz, Nowack, LOhr,
LOhr, Baumann, and Marti. Hirscht, Oettli, Halevy (Revue simitique, Vol. XI,

13 »E, DDS^ni; as above, ffi, «, F, Aquila, Sym- P- 18), Baumann.

144



William Kainey Harper



19



♦while yet there remained
three months to the harvest.

*7 6 One field being rained
upon and another field,
which was not rained upon,
drying up; (8a) two or
three cities staggering unto
one city to drink water
without being satisfied.



♦together with the captivity
of your horses.



iv la I also it was who withheld from you the rain,*
And I sent rain on one city,
While upon another city I sent not rain;*
8 6 But ye did not return unto me; it is the oracle of
Yahweh.

v 9 I smote you with blight and decay,

I laid waste your gardens and vineyards ;
Your fig-trees and olive-trees the locust devoured;
But ye did not return unto me; it is the oracle of
Yahweh.

vi 10 I sent among you the pestilence after the manner

of Egypt;
I slew your young men with the sword;*
And I caused the stench of your camps to rise in

your nostrils;
But ye did not return unto me; it is the oracle of

Yahweh.

vn n I overthrew among you *****

As God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah ;
And ye were as a brand snatched from the blaze ;
But ye did not return unto me; it is the oracle of
Yahweh.

viii 12 a Therefore thus will I do to thee, O Israel,
13 e Yahweh, God of hosts, is his name ;
12 b, c Because I will do this to thee,

Prepare to meet thy God, O Israel.

13 a-d. For, lo ! he forms the
mountains and creates
the wind,
And he tells man what is

his thought ;
He makes dawn darkness,
And treads upon the heights
of the earth.

§8. A DIRGE ANNOUNCING ISRAEL'S COMING DESTRUCTION, 5:1-6, 8, 9

i 5: i Hear this word

Which I take up against you,
Even a dirge, O house of Israel;
3a For thus has said the Lord Yahweh:



145



20



The Stbucture of the Text of the Book of Amos



tow mm **** s/
b^ooi noTo nicy 8 a-c

rvnab* npnb ism
Twnn l6 nrbb Dm

dti ^b smpn s d, e

•pan iDD"b7 DOBWn

w"by "-aw Fbaon 9
it :ktt isafe-by -ran



Dip qwrab nbss 2 n
bun-tin nbira
nrona b^ rriotaa

qb» n»sTi myn 35 m
PIKO twdti



nboKV



mrr Ta«-rtD to 4 iv

b&oizr rrab

■nam «b yaw-nto 1 ) s c

barra liETin bai smv
i«an ab batam
nby nb3 bsbsn to 5d, e
ifiab irrr barrai

[b&otzr rvo rwi] e vi
vm rnrr-rw wn
•Epr^traa o» nbizr-jB
ibarvib nns?j fai



"iKd I"p3 t3$3 nbS" 1 . ; as above, Wellhausen, isptE ^flj • as above, (S, and Ewald. Hitzig, Ooet,

Elhoest, Lohb, and Gunning (Theologische Studien, Vol. Gbaetz, G. A. Smith, Nowack, Oettli, Maeti.
XVIII, p. 221).

17 $&%, R*Q1 ; as above, «5, F, £, K, and Vatee, Ooet,

is J©® npT3 ; as above in many codices, and so Dathe, Hoffmann, G.*A. Smith, Nowack, Elhoest, Oettli,
Mitchell, Ooet, and Elhoest. Halevtt, Maeti.

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William Rainey Harper



21



ii 2 She shall fall not to rise again,
The virgin Israel ;

She shall be hurled down upon her own soil,
With none to raise her up, —

in 3 6 The city that goeth forth a thousand
Having but a hundred left;
And she that goeth forth a hundred of the house

of Israel
Having but ten left.

iv 4 For thus said Yahweh
To the house of Israel,
Seek me and live,
5 c But to Beersheba ye shall not cross over.



VI



5 o, 6 And do not seek Bethel,

And Gilgal ye shall not enter,

5 d, e For Gilgal shall surely go into exile

And Bethel shall become [Beth]-aven

6 [And now, O house of Israel]
Seek Yahweh and live,

Lest he cast fire on Joseph's house*

And there be none to quench it for Bethel.



♦and it devour



8/ • * * * whose name is

Yahweh,
8 a-c The Creator of the
Pleiades and Orion,
Who turneth deep gloom

into morning,
And day into night dark-
eneth,

8 d, e Who calleth the waters

of the sea,
And poureth them on the
face of the earth,

9 Who causeth violence to

burst upon the strong,

And causeth devastation to

come upon the fortress.



147



22



The Structure of the Text of the Book of Amos



9. TRANSGRESSORS SHALL COME TO GRIEF, 5:7, 10-17

itmn yi«b npT2tt
rrsta n?raa ifioto 10
nanr cn:n "ati
bi-by !8 t»D*cqr pb n

"WW mpn ' na-naurai

Drra ma *na

Da lawn abi

Dn?BD Tan "ire

jor^-ns Tnz:n »bi



19 D^at:n cnon
tss h npb p^T2 h Ti^
nttfi ^wa D-oraai
dt Brrrrrcpa b^rm pb «

vnn pab
m«as tiba mrr p-rn



11



mxas Tib»»



to vrr 2i nsott bsi*



aitt lanao n imso

DBuwa "vwa warn

rrrr pr *bia

JCiCV nrowj niaa^ribtf

•mrr t?j« to pb

TB©a mann-bsa "?rwi

irnn rw*r nirrrbini

*ba&rba ts« i&rpi

tbob d^TD bsai

:wr tb« ~a^pa nay« "3



in



16



17



is $aji Q3DT5"Q ; as above, Oettli ; cf. Wellhausex, *> M& 'tiTX ; for above reading see Amos and Hosea,

Nowack, Elhobst, Cheyxe (Encyclopaedia Biblica, col. p. 124.
155), and LOhb. l

21 jWE 5tf TSOtt"! ; as above, IT, *, and Oobt, Well-

laiEHSn; 03*>riXt3n ; as above, Wellhausex, Nowack, hausex, Nowack, Geaetz, Oettli, Elhoest.
LOhb, Oettli.

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William Rainey Harper 23

§9. TRANSGRESSORS SHALL COME TO GRIEF, 5:7, 10-17

i 5: 7 They who turn judgment to wormwood,

And cast righteousness to the ground,
10 Who hate him that reproveth in the gate,

And one who speaks uprightly they abhor, —
n Therefore, because ye trample upon the meek,

And take from him exactions of grain,

Houses of hewn stone ye have built,

But ye shall not dwell in them,

Vineyards of delight ye have planted,

But ye shall not drink their wine.

ii 12 Surely I know that many are your transgressions,

And great are your sins ;

Persecutors of the righteous, takers of bribes!

Yea, the needy in the gate they thrust aside,
is Therefore, since the prudent man at such a time is
keeping silence,

It is surely an evil time,
u Seek good and not evil,

That ye may live;

That so may be Yahweh, God of hosts,

With you, as ye have said.

in is Hate evil and love good,

And establish justice in the gate;


1

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