William Reed Prentice.

History of New York state (Volume 1) online

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England f-


1. The peace broken and the war that followed.

2. Cornelius Evartson and his voyage.

3. Recapture of New Netherland, 1673.

'!^ Dr. Colden says: "lam informed that when the
Dutch ships were under Staten Island, they had no
thought of attempting the re-capture of New York,
but only to take on wood and water; but being invited
by the burghers and informed also of the weakness of
the place, they proceeded to take the fort."

t The fort and city were taken by the Dutch July
30, 1673. The province was resigned to Andros by
Colve November 10, 1674.

1674] Holland loses Xew York forever 113

4. Effect of — change of names, etc.

5. Fate of Governor Lovelace.

6. Governor Colve.

7. The treaty of Westminster, 1674, nature and
effect of.


Under the English again

Sir Edmund Audros, 1674.— The lirst English
governor sent out after the
restoration was Edmund An-
dros. He had already been
governor of Virginia, was a
man of great energy, and
was educated in language
and art. He had great ca-
pacity for statesmanship,
and was ready to serve his
master, the duke.
siK EDMUND ANDRos, 1637-1714 ^^^^^ jj^ Yih administration

a difficulty arose. The best English lawyers insisted
rightly that the forcible capture of Xew York by the
Dutch had extinguished the title of the duke. A new
charter was necessary. Charles, therefore, issued a
new grant conveying the same territory as before, with
absolute powers of government which did not in any
way refer to any preceding grants he had made. By
this very simple process the duke once more came into
possession of the province of New Jersey so recently
sold to his friends, Berkeley and Cartaret.

The duke soon found himself in a strange position
in regard to this grant. The commission to Andros
comprehended Xew Jersey, hence Cartaret could claim



Gbxeral Pacification"


no power or authority to govern,
was to be


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Online LibraryWilliam Reed PrenticeHistory of New York state (Volume 1) → online text (page 7 of 34)