William Richards Castle William Roscoe Thayer.

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annual occurrence. The most important feature of the Jubilee^ which
was held at the Freshman Hallsi was the interdormitory singing contest


Thursday, June S6, 1916.

^pxtisu in ftaaHent (S^eatte.

Once more Conmiencement was cool
and pleasant, a condition perhaps more
gratefully appreciated by the graduates
because it is so rare. The Yard was, as
usual, crowded by members of returning
dasses, and thii year, unlike all preced-
ing Commencements, there were also
several ladies lookiiig on. Theadmissbn
of ladies will not, however, create any
precedent. It was due to the dedication
of the Library which demanded that
once, at least, custom should be broken
in favor of Mrs. Widener and her friends,
and of the many wives of graduates, who
naturally wanted to avail themselves of
the opportunity to see the splendid new
building. For several hours after the
dedication exercises the Library was
thronged. The graduates were also inter-
ested in the new Dudley Gate, opposite
the entrance to the Union, in the Music
Bmlding, in the Freshman Dormitories,
which have survived their first year of
occupation, and in the Germanic Mu-
seum, which still, however, obstinately
refuses to look like anything but a queer
pile of brick and mortar.

The Commencement Exercises weie
sdieduled to take place a half-hour ear^
tier than usual, and by half-past nine the
students. Faculty, and guests had assem-
bled in their respective places. The can-
didates for degrees started on time and
formed, in the Delta and up the steps of
Memorial Hall, the double tine through
which the Faculty and the invited guests
passed. They had to wait some little
time, however, because Gov. Walsh was
late in arriving. The procession, undtf
the direction of Dr. John Warren, *96,
University Marshal, then proceeded by
the usual route to Sanders Theatre.

After music, and a prayer by Prof. £<
C. Moore, Plummer Professor of Chris-
tian Morals, Pres. Lowell called up the
following candidates for degrees, who
delivered the following parts: Paul Per-
ham Cram, *15, of Haverhill, the Latin
Oration; Edward Estlin Cummings, '15,
of Cambridge, "The New Art"; Henry
Parkman, Jr., *15, of Boston, "Neutrali-
zation: Its Past and Future"; and Clar-
ence Belden Randall, *12, of Cambridge
(candidate in law), "The Undertow in
Education." These parts were fewer in
number than last year, but did not make

Digitized by


1915.] Commencement. — JSxercises in Sanders Theatre. 70

up in quality for tlie lads in quantity.
The Latin Oration was admirable, but of
the other parts perhaps the less said the
better. It is astonishing that more int»-
esting speeches cannot be secured, and
even more astonishing that the enunci-
ation, sometimes even the pronunci-
ation, cannot be more nearly that of
educated men. More than one graduate
was heard to express the wish that
the parts might be altogether omitted,
yet it would be a pity to take away
from the students their only active share
in their own graduating exercises. At
the conclusion of the parts Pres. Low-
dl conferred degrees in course as fol-
lows. (Last year's figures are given for

1015 1014
BadMlon of Arts 4Ai 308

Badielon of Sdenoe
Aaomate in Arts

Mairtenof Arts ]

Dooton of Philosophy
Masters in Civil E^i^^ineeriag
Masters in Mechanical Encineering
Masters in Eleotrical Engineering
Masters in Arohiteoture
Masters in Landscape Architecture
Masters of Science in Civil Elngi-

Masters of Seience in Mechanical

Masters of Sdenoe in Electrical


















Engineering 10

Master in Mining and MetaUurgjr 1


Masters in Botany 2

Masters in Forestry 1


Master in Geology 1

Dooton of Science 8


Masters in Businsss Administration 27


Doctors of Dental Medicine 48



Doctors of Public Health 2 '


Bachelors of Law 144


Doctors of Juridical Scisnos 2


BaohelocB of Theology 6


Masters of Theology 8


Doctors of Theology 8



Degrees out of course 43


Honorary Degrees 12


Degrees at mid-year 102




Eigh Honor Men.

The following received decrees with

A,B. 8umma cum lands: Robert Leo-
pold Wolf; Leslie Gale Burgevin (Eng-
lish); Harold Grershom Files (English);
Albert Sprague Coolidge (Chemistry);
Henry Gilman (Chemistry); William
Leonard Langer (Germanic Languages
and Literatures); Henry Epstein (His-
tory); Carl Wallace Miller (Physics).

M,D, cum laude: Paul Appleton, Ph.B.
(Broum Unw.) 1911; Artie Vernon Bock,
A.B. {Upper lotoa Univ.) 1910; Freeman
Pell Ckson, A.B. (Bates CoU,) 1911;
Edwm Nelson Cleaves, A.B. 1911; Heniy
Anthony Durkin, A.B. (Holy Grose CoU,)
1911; George Francis DwinelL A.B.
(Dartmouih CoU.) 1911; Sumner Ed-
wards, A.B. {Botedain CoU.) 1910; Har-
old Maurice Frost, A.B. (Broum Unie.)
1909; GusUve Phitip Grabfield, A.B.
(WiUiams CoU.) 1912; Arthur Morison
Jackson, S.B. (Dartmouth CoU.) 1911; Jul
Heng Liu, S.B. 1909; Lawson Gentry
Lowrey, A.B. (Univ. of Missouri) 1909,
A.M. (Und.) 1910; Donald John Mac-
Pherson, S.B. (Univ. of Rochester) 1911;
James Blaine Montgomery, A.B. (Dart-
mouth CoU.) 1911; Martin William Peck,
S.B. (Dartmouth CoU.) 1902; Horace
Kennedy Sowkss, A.B. (Clark Univ.)
1910; Neuton Samuel Stem, A.B. 1912;
Langdon Thom Thaxter, A.B. (WUliame
CoU.) 1911; De Wayne Townsend, A.B.
(Univ of Wisconsin) 1912; Louis Tomp-
kins Wright, A.B. (Clark Univ. Atlanta,
Oa.) 1911.

LL.B. cum laude: Julius Houseman
Amberg, A.B. (Colgate Univ.) 1912;
Montgomery Boynton Angell, Litt.B.
(Prineeton Univ.) 1911; Earle Conklin
BuUe, A.B. (Univ. of Minnesota) 1912;
Chaunc^ Belknap, Litt.B. (Pruieeiofi
Univ.) 1912; James Dwight Dana, A.B.
(Tale Univ.) 1911; Paul Yakey Davis,
A.B. (Indiana Univ.) 1912; John Bourne
Dempsey, A.B. (YcUe Univ.) 1911; Sey-
mour Parker Gilbert, Jr., A.B. (Rutgers
CoU.) 1912; Henry Ely McElwain, Jr.,

Digitized by


80 Commeruiement — Exercises in Sanders Theatre. [September,

A.B. {Dartmouih CoU.) 1912; Chester
Alden McLain, A.B. 1913; Edward
Willoughby Middleton, A.B. (CoU. of
Charleston) 1912; Robert Porter Patter-
son. A.B. (Union CoU.) 1912; Clarence
Belden Randall, A.B. 1912; Raymond
Sanger Wilkins, A.B. 1912.

|)oiuirarp ^effree^.

Honorary degrees were conferred by
the President in the following words:

By virtue of authority conferred upon me
by the two Governing Boards I now create
MaiUr of Arta:

Albxandbr Hamii/fon Ricb, explorer of
tropical America, adventurouB and hardy, who
heard the wild call of nature and revealed her
hiding place.
M Oder of Arta:

Bela. Lton Pbatt, a sculptor who has
taught bronse and marble to whisper hia
secrets of beauty and power.
Matter of ArU:

Chablus Lawrkncb HxrrcHiNflox, public-
spirited citisen of Chicago, who after a career
of influence and success in business has de-
voted his strength to civic work, and to the
cause of education and of art.
Matter of Arta:

HoRACB Tbumbaubr. Architect of the Harry
Glkins Widener Memorial Library. They who
entOT its doors will ever admire the design and
the adaptation to the use of a company of
Doctor of Divinity:

Paxtl Revbbb FROTHnvoHAM, a preacher
elear and forcible, exponent of whatsoever
things are true, honest, of good report; one of
the line of New England ministers, and worthy
to carry on their work.
Doctor of Divinity:

David Hummbll Orbbr, Bishop of New
York; a preacher of righteousness; a pastor
with large conceptions of his work; an admin-

istrator with expanding vision of the service
the Church can render among m<n.
Doctor of Lam:

John Farwbix Moors, a reformer who has
wrought reforms, deep and lasting, in the
school system and city government of Boston.
A man of public spirit who seeks no recogni-
tion, and wants no reward from men but toil
and strain in serving them.
Doctor of Law»:

Isaac Sharplbsb, President of Haverford
College, who put aside the lure of expansion
and made the college eminent for sound leam-
ilig, scholarship, and character.
Doctor cf Seienee:

Frank Bilunos, physician and citisen of
Chicago; powerful in his prof^ossion and his
community, who has inspired medical research,
improved medical administration in his own
State and promoted a higher grade of medical
education throughout the land.
Doctor of LawK

Thbodorb Nbwton Vail, large in thought,
generous in siurit, munificent in action, he has
administered with broad humanity the great-
est American business enterprise, and given
freely of his wealth and wisdom in the cause of
sound education.
Doctor €f Lam:

Edgar MoMTooinBRT Cttllbn, lately Chief
Justice of the Court of Appeals of New York.
A magistrate who has added to the high repute
of that tribunal, who presided with rare impar-
tiality over a passionate political trial, and
retired from public service honored by the
bench, the bar, and the people.
Doctor of Lavn:

Mtron TmoisT Hbrrtck, an American
honored at home and abroad. An ambassador
who won affection in peace; for his countrymen
a pilot in a day of bewilderment; for the French
nation a minister to suffering in a time dL dis«

And in the name of this Society of Scholars
I declare that these men are entitled to the
rights and privileges pertaining to their several
degrees, and that their names are to be borne
forever on its roll of honorary members.^

» The Latin of the Diplomas by Prof. E. K.
Rand, *04, follows:

Alexandrctm Hamilton Ricb, Araericae
torridae ezploratorem dura audentem, qui
voce solitudinum audita latebras Naturae
aperuit, Artium Magistrum.

Bbla Lton FliATr, sculptorem qui aes et
marmor docuit pulchritudinem et robur,
arcana sua, spirare, Artium Magittrum.

Carolum Laurbntiitm Hutchinson, civem
Chieaginiensem boni publici studiosum qui
quondam negotiator magnae auetoritatis et
felicitatis nunc in opera civilia. disciplinaa ar-
tesque fovendaa incumbit, Artium Magistrum.

Horatittm Trumbaubr. bibliothecae archi-
tectum Henrici Elkins Widener manibus dedi-
catae cuius fores qui intraverint dispositionem
aedifid ad usum doctae gregis apti semper
mirabuntur, Artium Magistrum.

Paulum Rbvbrb Frothinoham, eorum
quae vera, iusta bonaeque famae sunt lucidura
et gravem praedicatorem, dignum ministro-
rum Dei Novanglorum stirpis inorementum,
Sacroianetao Theologiae Doctorem.

DAViDBif Hummbll Grbbr. episcopum
Noveboracensem, sanctum iustitiae praedica-
torem, magnorum officiorum studiosum pas-
torem, cui utilem hominibus esse Ecclcsiam
magifl magisque daresdt, Sacroaanetae Thoo*
logiae Doctorem.

loHANNBM Farwbll Moors, rerum emen-
datorem, in rebus publicis administrandis
magna et diutuma conficientem, qui nullum a
concivibus praemium poetulat nisi sumptum
pro eis liU>orem et contentionem, Legum

Isaac Sharplbss. Colle^ii Haverfordianl
praesidem, qui rerum amplificandarura ambi-

Digitized by


1914-] C<mimefM^menJt, — Dedication of the Library.



1909. George Irving Cross.

1910. Samuel Arthur Peters.

1911. Walter William Spencer Cook,

1912. Stedman Shumway Hanks.
George Tucker Spencer, Frederick Wil*
liam Stuart, Jr.

191S. Richard Dudley Fay, cvmloiMftf,
James Edward Groldsbury, Jacob Joseph
Hamburg, Grover William Harrison.

1914. Stratford Bell Allen, Samuel
Latham Mitchlll Barlow, Carleton Mau-
rice Burr, John Leslie Cahill, Robert
Stone Grinnell, James Rufus Lincoln,
Kenneth Colbum Parker, William
Arthur Perrins» Jr., Harold Eustace
Pierce, William Masten Tugman, Jr.,
Raphael Vicario, Meredyth White-

1907. Henry Kempton Craft.
1914. Robert Gilman Dort, Elbridge
Cook Grover, Walter Edward Wolff.


1912. Arthur Kenneth Reading, A.B.
{Univ, of North Dakota) 1909; Simon
Peter Williams, S.B. (Ohio Northern
Univ.) 1906, S.M. (ibid,) 1909.

1913. Adrian Vere Shaw, A.B. (Ohio
State Univ.) 1909; Frederic Charles
Squires, A.B. (Univ, of New Brunewick)

1914. Lawrence Maxwell Bament,

A.B. (Pnneeton Univ.) 1911; Charles
Edgar Blake, A.B. (Yale Univ.) 1911;
Francis James Blake, A.B. (Univ. of
Santa Clara) 1911; William Henry Clif-
ford, A.B. (Bowdmn Coll.) 1911; Burt
Randall Cooper, A.B. (Dartmouth CoU.)
1911 ; John James Devine, A.B. (Bowdoin
CoU.) 1911 ; John Marshall Holcombe, Jr.
A.B. (YaU Univ.) 1911; Beecher Amett
Jackson, A.B. (Fisk Univ.) 1910; Daniel
Morris Smith, A.B. (Princeton Univ.)
1910; Fk^nds Warton Kaan Smith, S.B.
(Tufts Coll.) 1908; Morton Ludwig Wal-
lerstein, A.B. (Univ. cf Virginia) 1911;
Cecil Randolph Warner, A.B. (Univ. of
Arkansas) 1911; Harry Seymour Warren,
A.B. 191L

SeHication of tde Ltbrarp*

After the exercises in Sanders Theatre
the students marched across the yard be-
tween Sever and University and formed
again in double lines on the steps of the
Library. Looking on, also, were crowds
of the graduates who had begun to as-
semble for their class spreads. The aca-
demic procession, headed by the Presi-
dent and Prof. A. C. Coolidge, '87,
Director of the College Library, march-
ed between the students to the main
door of the Library. Here, at the top of
the steps, Mrs. Widener, with a few
words of welcome, gave the key to
President Lowell, who accepted the
great gift in the name of the University.
The procession then entered the build-
ing and mounted the steps to the outer

tione abieota in Ban* dootrina, sdentia mori-
busque nobile illad oollegium reddidit, Leffum
• Dodorem.

FuASCWCxnt BiLLDTos, Chioaginiensem et
medioum et eirem potentem, renim mediear
nun inveBtisationie fautorem, qui eas melios
in sua civitate administrandas et in tota patria
dooendas ouravit, Sdmtiae Doctorem.

Thbodohum NawTON Vail, sapientem, be-
nignnm, munifioum, in n .T ii«fiTn artium mer-
candi nostramm humane proourantem, qui ad
Sanaa diseiplinaa fovendas et copias et coosil-
ittm liberafiter contuiit, Legum Doctorem.

Edoabuic Montoombrt CkrxxBN, nuper
Curiae Appellationiun Noveboracenma iudi-
cem prinoipem lumenque, qui oum liti fac-
tionum ardore incenaae rara aequitate prae-
sediaaet publica offida et ab iudicibua et ab
actoribua cauaarum et a populo honoratua
reliquit, Legum Doctorem.

Mtromsm TxMOTHBTTif HsBRicx, Ameri-
canum domi et apud ezteroa honoratum, lega*
turn in pace carum, suorum in trepidaUone
ductorem, gentia Gallicae in rebua arduia
dolentia praeeidium, Legum Doctorem.

Digitized by



Commencement* — AJUmoon Exerdses. [September,

room of the Widener Memorial. Here
as many of the guests as possible were
seated, but many stood in the back of
the room and in the hall outside. Prof.
CooUdge held in his hand the only
remaining volume of the collection be-
queathed to the College by John Har-
vard, the first of the University collec-
tion to be placed in the new library.

The exercises were opened with the
recitation of the Lord's Prayer, after
which Bishop Lawrence read the prayer
of dedication. Senator Henry Cabot
Lodge, '71, followed with his great ad-
dress on '*The Meaning of a Great
Library," which is printed on pp. 81-88
of this number. President Lowell then
made a short address, as follows:


This meeting means much in the hia-
tory of the university. We are met here
to dedicate a great new Library, and
this great new Library stands for two
things. Li the first place it is a memorial
of a mother's love for her son who was
cut off untimely in the midst of his

Those of us who knew Harry Widener,
even slightly, felt his charm. The open
frankness and the kindliness that he
showed drew us quickly to him. He was
no usual man. He had the means of
pleasure, and he sought the higher pleas-
ures of this life. No memorial of him
could be better than the collection of
books in this inner room; for he did not
simply spend his money and allow others
to buy his books; he displayed for his age
an extraordinary knowledge and skill in
making his selections, — and a very rare
collection it is. He expressed the hope at
one time to one of his friends that his
name might be associated with a great
university library. His name is indelibly
associated with the greatest university
library in this country, in the fullest

sense in which any man's name could be
so associated. The memorial is worthy
of him; every detail of this building has
been carefully studied by the giver, that
it might be worthy of him in whose mem-
ory it was built.

But the Library means another thing
also. It means, as Mr. Lodge has said,
vast benefit to the human race and to the
University. A library is a reservoir of
accumulated human knowledge, an
arsenal of humane civilisation. For
years we have longed for a library that
would serve our purpose, but we never
hoped to see such a library as this.

But howevtt valuable a library may
be, it can be reaUy useful only if it is
used aright, and therefore I ask Bishop
Lawrence to dose this meeting with a

The exercises ended with the benedic-
tion by the Bishop.

9lftf nmon C;:rrctae0«

The Chief Marshal, Robert F. Her-
rick, '90, held his spread in the Living
Room of the Harvard Union. The alum-
ni began to gather in the Yard soon after
1.80, rather later than usual, as the dedi-
cation exerdses in the Library had left
little time for luncheon. The Chief Mar-
shal called the roll of the classes. Frederic
H. Hedge, '51, led the procession which
proceeded to the quadrangle back of
Sever. Among those at the high table
were Dr. Walcott, President of the Alum-
ni Association, Pres. Lowell, Gov. Walsh,
Myron F. Herrick, P. R. Frothingham,
Major Henry L. Higginson, Judge Edgar
M. CuUen, Frederick P. Cabot, '90,
Charles W. Clifford, '65, and Lionel de
J. Harvard, '15. After the singing of
" Domine Salvum Fac, " by the Alunmi
Chorus, the audience joined in singing
the 78th Psalm.

Dr. Henry P. Walcott opened the
speaking with the following address:

Digitized by



Cbmmeficemen^. — Afternoon £!xercise8.



BrethTen,,tlie fleeting year has brought
us again to this liigh f estivaL out of a
world of many interests and many activ-
ities, back to the days of our associa-
tions in the studies of youth and early
manhood. The statesman who a year
ago filled the place which I, today, by
your kind favor, am occupying, bade us
think in terms of centuries. In this time
of universal convulsion among the civil-
ised nations on the other side of the
Atlantic it is a satisfaction to use the
terms of centuries in connection with
events in our own history.

In 1815 the last contest waged by a
foreign foe took place within the limits
of these United States. For 100 years,
along a boundary of 8000 miles, not a
sw<Nrd has been drawn in strife; not a shot
has been fired, and no armament exists
capable of inflicting an injury upon Uie
inhabitants on the other side of the
boundary, and it is impossible, even in
these times, to believe that any question
can arise between this country and Great
Britain that will not be submitted to
some form of arbitration, without resort
to the relentless decisions of war.

Half a century ago we met within these
grounds to celebrate the return of our
heroes, to oonunemorate those who had
died in the service of their country, and
to listen to the words of the great poet
who, in lofty strains, sang of a country
saved. We have witnessed the return of
the hosts that had battied for years to
the peaceable pursuits of ordinary life,
and, when this great contest is over, may
we not hope that the warring peoples of
today may be equally content to reduce
their swollen armies to proportions suffi-
cient for defence but not so large as to
tempt to aggression.

Who can deny the mysterious power
that inheres in the inanimate objects

which surround us? The walls of Craigie
House, the immemorial dm, type of our
destinies, the spot beneath its branches
where our greatest leader drew the sword,
never sheathed until his great work was
done and never drawn again in a meaner
cause, all speak to us of Washington, and
now, more than ever before, we seem to
hear the words of his Farewell Address,
urging his fellow dtisens to keep them-
sdves by suitable establishments in a
respectable defensive posture, to avoid
entangling alliances; not to commit the
folly of one nation looking for disinter^
ested favor from another, an illusion
which experience must cure, which a
just pride ought to discard.

Within the College Yard the dedica-
tion of the Harry EUdns Widener Li-
brary has given an exceptional character
to this day. A great library, that surest
of all monuments, survives in the mem-
ory of the world even where ignorance or
superstition or ruthless war has destroyed
its substance. May the happiest fate
attend this structuro reared by a mother
in the loving remembrance of her son,
and may its contents hand down to fu-
ture ages the records of the thoughts, the
hopes and the history of the world.

How varied are the influences which
here determine the ideals of the student
and have the most lasting influence on
his 'life might be easily shown by asking
any of you what course of study or what
teacher has been of the highest service
to you. The probabilities are that your
successful life has been in fields quite
remote from those which your chosen
master cultivated. To some teacher or
teachers in the student life of every one of
us has this supreme quality been given. It
may have been in some one department
of the arts and sdences, or by great good
fortune in more than one. Do we realize
that membership in this university body
gives to each one of us a potential daim

Digitized by



Commencement. — Afternoon Hxercises, [September,

to all the traditions of the past and to all
the hopes from the indefinite future?
Our lives must be ennobled by the
thought that we are, in a sense, compan-
ions of the scholars and of the heroes,
through the history of the oollege* of the
state and of the nation.

The older graduate looks with some-
thing akin to envy upon the enlarged
opportunities of the present day, but the
feeling has nothing in it of reproach for
the mother who has generously given, at
every period, the best that she had, and
has spared no effort to obtain the best.
Sooner or later each man chooses a defi-
nite course in life. In accepting the lim-
itations of his career he must become
master of all the knowledge and skill that
are requisite for success in it, and the
experience of the world has demonstrated
that the measure of this success is to be
found in the breadth and quality of his
general attainments.

This preparation the college should
give; it is the apprenticeship for the in-
tellectual pursuits of life and cannot be
too broad, provided a substantial foun-
dation has been laid for it. Academic
communities have long since discarded
the complacent belief that some tradi-
tional exercises of the human intellect
have a more liberalizing influence upon
the student than are possessed by many
of the exact sciences of today. Under
some of the limitations formerly imposed
upon our courses of study it would have
been difficult to find a place for Pasteur;
his original investigations had for their
object the study of certain phenomena
which were of a purely scientific value,
but they opened the way to the discovery
of remedial agencies which have added
beyond all expectation to the well-being
of mankind. To my mind his character,
his life and his works are as liberal, for
educational purposes, as any subjects
taught in any university which has re-

mained constant to the traditbns of the

The so-called natural sdenoes seem to
occupy the centre of the stage. Discov-
eries and generalisations from them, dur-
ing the past half-century, have estab-
lished new and advanced stations, far
beyond the limits set by the boldest
imagination of an earlier day. The sci-
ences of nature have not only contrib-
uted to the elevation of the best faculties
of the mind but have been the ministers
of material benefits of a prodigious

The recent years have witnessed, in
the fields of scientific endeavor, unselfish
devotions to the wellbeing of mankind
which equal anything told of the reckless
daring of the battlefield. Thecampugn
of Dr. Strong in Manchuria against the
most deadly of the pestilences which

Online LibraryWilliam Richards Castle William Roscoe ThayerThe Harvard graduates' magazine → online text (page 10 of 103)