William Richards Castle William Roscoe Thayer.

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Fort Steadman, which required absolute
silence. The pickets were close to each
other and were in the habit of meeting
each other in a friendly spirit, swapping
salt, tobacco, newspapers and other
things, and playing cards together. Be-
tween the armies lay a cornfield, from
which the men of each side used to get
ears of com to roast. When the attack
was ready, and the men in column, a
Confederate rifle accidentally went off
and startled the Northern pickets.
General Gordon was much disturbed,
but a private from Mississippi said to
him: "I'll make that all right. General.
Say, Yank! we are only going to get
some roasting ears!" And the Union
men were quiet again. Then the attack
was ordered at once; but the soldier said
to General Gordon : " Wait a bit. General,
I told that Yankee that we were only
going to get some roasting ears, and I
must keep my word." After a while he
sang out : " Say, Yank ! Look out. Hell is
going to break loose pretty soon." And
they went through us and took the fort.

Let me speak of the men who stayed
at home, of the kind physicians and
friends who helped our cause in the
field and at home. You see the result in
our great President Emeritus and in the
Chairman of today. Dr. Waloott, both
of whom would have been glad to go to
the front, and both of whom were pre-
vented by circumstances beyond their
control from going. Think of their de-
votion to the state and the country, and
remember that one was the leading edu-

cator oi the country and another chosen
by the physicians to sit at the head
of the great Congress in Washington,
and the President of the Massachusetts
Board of Health for thirty years. Such
was their education and ours, and it is
no small part of what Ha!Kard has done
for the country.

May I repeat that the war so educated
the men of our day that they were liter-
ally forced toforget themselves and think
of their country, of its great importance
to the whole world. It is very ea^ to
sink into a quiet, comfortable life, but
it is '* man's perdition to be sale when
for the truth he ought to die" — or to
live and strive as these men have.

We have n't forgotten our Southern
brothers, the men with whom we used to
row or study. Tbey, too, got their lesson,
and they, too, suffered — worse than we
did. They were fully as gallant as we.
If I knew more about them I could re-
count to you their deeds of gallantly
also. I like to think of General Jeb
Stewart, a gallant man, who would gal-
lop through us and go all round us and
cut off our supplies. It is tragic to think
that at the battle of Antietam, opposite
to the 2d Massachusetts Infantry, —
Bob Shaw's regiment, — Breck Park-
man, his cousin, should have fought and
been killed. There were plenty of good
soldiers — Billy Elliot, Julius AUston,
and many more.

One closing scene — the surrender at
Appomattox Court House, which showed
a high spirit on the part of all. General
Lee had kept his men together, these
broken forces, in a wonderful fashion, and
when he surrendered to General Grant
and General Meade he advised his men,
his faithful, brave men, to accept the
situation and become once more good
citizens of the United States. General
Grant asked merely for their arms, and
bade them keep their horses and every-

Digitized by


1915.] Commmcemvnit. — AfUmoon Etktcmm.


tlung they had, for they would be sore to
need them. It was a very lofty mood of
generosity and of large common sense
on the part of all. And we have seen the
results. More, still, it seems to me an
episode in history — the generosity of it
all. As Getftral Lee was riding away,
Joshua Chamberiain — adergyman from
Maine who had gone out at the head
of a regiment and had become a gen-
eral — ordered his men into line and
saluted the fine old soldier. And so soon
as the surrender was known, our men
went inside the Confederate lines and
shared their rations with their Southern

What had we to off er to the men c^ the
South except, in the words of the poet,
"love and gentle visitation*' ?

But the man of all others whom the
United States is bound to honor above
anybody else, excepting Abraham Lin-
cdn, was the Honorable Charles Francis
Adams, our Ambassador at the Court of
St. James, who, single-handed, met and
overcame the tremendous forces of the
sristocracy of Great Britain. And John
Biglow in. Paris, our consul there,
thwarted the Emperor Napoleon, who
tried hard to break up the Republic.
The fact is, it was a fight of aristocracy
against democracy, and these men knew
it and they took their own side.

Today the struggle is that of aristoc-
racy against democracy in Europe. That
is the fight all over the world. If the aris-
tocrats wish to rule, we say they shall not
rule. If it costs a fight we will fight. It
does not seem to be dear to many men
what our objection is to what is going on,
and it is not quite understood. We do
not object to any nation; we do not ob-
ject to any people. We do object to the
kind <A prindple that rules Prussia.
And, what is more, we will not have it.
God knows we do not want war. Any
man who has ever seen anything of it

thinks it is horrible. But* as I had the
pleasure of saying to a high officer last
winter, if anybody strikes your mother
will you ask him to strike her again ?
Our country is our mother, and our race
is the human race; we bdong to it. We
will not give up what we fought for a
hundred and forty years ago, and what
we fought for fifty years ago.

I saw little of the later life of our army
comrades. They came home and have
done good work in their different fidds,
as you know. They have hdd to their
views of public duty, and East and West,
North and South, they have been the
pioneers and they have hdd and spread
abroad large views of life. The national
consdence has been awakened, the
national vision has been widened, and
to my mind the men of today have a
better, stronger sense of public duty
than we had — the men of my time be-
fore the war. It is a cheering thought to

A young friend, already gray, asked
me the other day to tdl to the Harvard
Alumni at Commencement these gallant
and generous deeds which have been re-
dted and to remind them that their
time might come. And so I venture to
say to you that the future is in your
hands, and if it was well that we in 1861
should try to save the Union and bind
fast together all the States, it is worth
while for you to hold the standards of
our country high in peace and in war.
God forbid that there should be any war;
but whether in peace or war you will do
your duty as well as we tried to do ours.

And one more thing — in fair weather
or foul, keep on deck. Do you remember
the words of Henry of Navarre after a
great victory, to his tardy general Cril-
lon? "Hang yourself, brave Crillon!
We fought at Arques, and you were not
there.*' Harvard men, we will always
be there.

Digitized by



CommencemenU — Afternoon Exercises. [September,


When John Harvard ao unconsciously
won his immortality by giving half of his
estate and the whole of his library to
Harvard College, he left not one of his
name to enjoy the benefit of that endow-
ment — down to the present day. A few
hours ago Lionel de Jersey Harvard took,
with distinction, his first degree in arts.
Loyal to his mother country he goes
home to render her such service as he
may. in this, her hour of greatest need.
We welcome him most heartily to our
ranks, and most sincerely wish him a
God speed in all his undertakingB.


Mr. President, Alumni of Harvard,
Ladies and Gentlemen: Dr. Walcott, I
am afraid, is responsible for having me
here this afternoon, and so I must ask
you to pardon the anomaly of having a
two-hour-old graduate standing at this
table. What I have to say will accord-
ingly be very brief.

It might well savor of platitudinism if
I were to tell you here what Harvard and
the last four years has meant to me; and
it would certainly be invidious if I were
to suggest that those years have meant
more to me than to most men who have
gone through them. Nevertheless, I feel
that any man who hails from another
country and comes here to be imbued
with something of the American spirit
must be able to discriminate, in no small
measure, and serve in his own country,
perhaps, as an ambassador of good will
and understanding.

It is undoubtedly a lack of knowledge
and lack of appreciation which accounts
for the great majority of the ills of this
world; and the cultivation of such a wide
sympathy is probably the highest gift
that Harvard has to give to her sons. I
do feel, though, that a man coming from

a foreign country, as I have, even though
that country may be at one with Amer-
ica in speedi and in ideals, yet must be
able to gain, perhaps, more than the
average man.

Mr. Frothingham was right when he
said that Harvard is a happy place to
live in; and whether it is true or not that
Oxford is not a particularly happy place
for Americans, it is undoubtedly true
that Harvard is a very, very happy place
for the foreigners, and especially for such
En^hmen as come within her walk.

A man who comes here from another
country has, especially, much to get
from this college, and he has also much
to give. The pity of that is that the all
too short four years are over bef<»e he
realises what opportunities there are of
giving here. And then the chance is be-
yond recall.

After he has returned to his own home
though, a man can do work which may
tell in the long run, however insignifi-
cant it must seem. No graduate is
worthy of the great gift he has recdved
or of the great name of the university he
bears, if he does not do everything in his
power to increase her fame and good wiU
among men.

And when a man comes from another
country that debt and that opportunity
are tremendously increased and he has a
duty and a privilege without which he is
unworthy of his university — a duty
and a privilege to increase the good will
and the understanding of one people to
another in such small measure as he can.

That is especially true when the two
countries concerned are at one in speech
and in most of what they hold dear, the
two countries which the Atlantic joins
and which must ever be one.

For myself I can say little, but I would
like to speak for the Class which has just
graduated, and it must also be in a great-
er measure for myself . I have had four

Digitized by


1915.] CorniMncviMnt. — Afternoon Bxerciaes.


years here full to the brim of happiness
and ever increasing joy. To those
gentlemen, some known and some un-
known, who have made this place the
centre c^ so much that I hold dear, I
can never say enough in gratitude. I
may say "Thank you!'* but that word
was never charged with more fervor.


The Ckss of 1890 has followed the
custom of other Classes of the twenty-
five-year period and has made a generous
contribution to the resources of the
University. They have done, however,
more than this. They have given us a
great source of satisfaction in honorable
lives and in the performance of the many
duties of good citizenship.

I call upon Frederick P. Cabot.


Mr. President, Fellow Alumni: The
Ckss of 1890, through the act of gather-
ing here, has come to new consciousness
of the meaning of Harvard. Gladly giv-
ing to the College, we are the richer;
stirred by deep feeling, our vision is the
dearer. Her life is our life. We are a
part of her living personality.

Two hundred and fifty years before we
came the College was preparing, sending
forth ever a larger and larger stream of
life from her well-springs. Then we
came in the full playtime of our youth
and bathed in the waters, strove, strug-
gled, wondered what it all meant. Those
were four years of buoyant living.

At the culmination, in June, 1890, in
this Sever Hall, Major Higginson spoke
to us. He told us of the gift of Soldier's
Field; he told us of the happy memory of
his friends who gave their lives and all
they had or hoped for to their country
and to their fellowmen. And, as he spoke,
we realized that of him, too. Justice
Holmes spoke when he said that through

their great good fortune in their youth
their hearts were touched with fire, and
that it was given to them to learn at the
outset that life is a profound and pas-
sionate thing. That evening in Sever
Hall we felt the living inspiration of
friendships and we, too, were taken into
the intinuicy of his heart. Then and
since he has been generous in deeds but
infinitdy more generous in ever giving
of his inmost self.

We went forth feeling that we were
under the spell of lasting friendships;
that we had undergone some sort of
baptism in those waters; that we had
entered into a bond of comradeship.
Some few had accomplished acts of
prowess or of learning, but most of us
knew not from whom or what we had
learned, but were simply aware of great-
er powers. We were eager to think clearly
and realize our thoughts, and, with our
awakened might, to make good in the
world of men.

A generation has passed in our lives
and we have had our part in joys and
sorrows, in comforts, acquisitions and
achievements; and today we come from
a world that has cast aside its comforts,
destroyed its acquisitions, distorted its
achievements, and offered its youths un-
sparingly to maiming and death. Un-
questioning, loyal, they have gone forth,
bravely, daringly, giving all that they
have. From such giving, life is the richer.
Out of the struggle, strife and tumult,
out of the fires and ashes, is rising the
spirit that binds num to man. All that
we have or hope for b none too much for
us to give to free that spirit which shall
reveal the faith for which to live and die.

One gateway to this College was given
in memory of the President of our Class,
and writ thereon are the words: "Enter
to grow in Wisdom.** So to this great
Mother of us all we come, to this teacher
of freedom and the worth of each to all;

Digitized by



Commencement. — AJlernoon Exercises. [September,

and, we go forth, baptized anew» in-
spired by her living truth, confident in
our expectations, again with awakened
might, seeking the visions of our soul.


Whoever may speak for the Class of
1865 today will be a comparatively
young man among the number of those
who have spoken to you. But he is prob-
ably old enough to bring to you some
pleasant memories of the past or some
useful warnings gathered from his ex-

Charles Warren Clifford, the President
of the Class of 1865.


Mr. President, President of the Uni-
versity, Fellow Alumni, Ladies and
Gentlemen: Today our Reverend Mother
summons back those who graduated
fifty years ago and asks of them an ac-
count of their stewardship, of the talents
which she then committed to their
charge. To some of the classes she has
given ten talents, to others five, but in
view of her poverty then and abundance
now it is neither a complaint nor a criti-
cism to say that to the Class of '65 she
gave but one talent. She gave us all she
had to give, and our gratitude, Mr.
President, is commensurate, not with
the gift, but with the love with which she
gave it. And, Fellow Alumni, sad would
the day be for us if we brought that tal-
ent back today hidden in a napkin, with-
out gain. But it is not so. We bring it
back to our Mother with all the gain
that we have been able to earn with it by
honest, industrious, and faithful lives. It
is not for us to complain. We have done
with it what we could, and we come back
to her in the expectation of her verdict
of approbation.

The glory of the Class of '65 — if I
may paraphrase a remark of Professor

Palmer in responding for the Class of '64
last year, in an address which I should
have liked to have used today, so iden-
tical were the conditions under which
his dass and my own lived at the Uni-
versity — the glory of the Class of '65 is
in its usefulness. We have not given to
the world many distinguished men. We
come today with no boast of heraldry
or pomp of power, but we come with the
simple record of useful lives.

Therefore if in our list you find in
government no Abraham Lincoln, you
will find no Catiline; in law, if no John
Marshall, yet no Aaron Burr; in medi-
cine, if no discoverer of ether, no bogus
discoverer of an antitoxin; and if in the
ministry no Edward Everett Hale or
Andrew P. Peabody adorns our list, yet
we own no unfrocked priest; and in
science and discovery if you find no
Columbus, yet no pseudo discoverer of
the North Pole. The year of our gradua-
tion — and I shall omit at this hour the
statistics of Class history which I had
prepared — the year of our graduation
was notable for two events. In the first
place, it was the year in which the legis-
lature of Massachusetts transferred to
the aliunni the control of the University
— a renundation which I doubt the
present legislature would adopt. The
generous nature of the alumni was shown
when they were charged with this duty,
in their selection as a memb» of the
Board of Overseers of an alumnus of
Brown, holding only an honorary degree
from Harvard, and his selection as Presi-
dent of the Board. As such President he
inducted into office Charles William Eliot
as President of this University, through
whose wise administration the College
of our day became the University of
later years. The other event has been
alluded to today. It will always be one
of my most cherished and valued memo-
ries of my University life that I heard

Digitized by



CoinmencemeTa. — Afternoon Exercues.


James Russell Lowell deliver the "Com-
memoration Ode" back c^ Holden
Cliiq>el. It was on that day that Har-
vard welcomed back the survivors of
those who had answered their oountry*8
call and participated in the war —
those fellow alumni who, as these gentle-
men have all been telling you were —

"... thoM who understood

The deeper teaching of her mystic tome.

And offered their fresh lives to make it good."

I also on that occasion witnessed that
ftiiring episode when General Francis
Bartlett of the Ckiss of '62, the Bayard
of Harvard, after trying three times to
find his voice amid the cheers of all, was
unable to respond and was told by Col-
onel Harry Lee, the chief marshal, "Sit
down, sit down. General Bartlett. Your
valor is exceeded only by your modesty."

But I appreciate after a professional
experience of nearly fifty years that I
cannot expect our Mother*s verdict of
approbation upon mere assertion. What
then, has the Class done to merit it? It
has given to the University a memorial
window in yonder hall which typifies
most beautifully the Harvard spirit;
and the benefactions of individual mem-
bers have been substantial. We gave to
the army and navy twenty of our Class,
more than fifteen per cent; and of those
the names of Sumner Paine, killed at
Gettysburg, and Cabot Russell killed at
Fort Wagner, are inscribed on the memo-
rial tablet at its foot. Thus we have the
distinction of being the youngest Class
recorded there. And George Russell be-
fore he was 23 years of age executed the
numdate of the Court upon Wilkes, the
Andersonville jailer, and afterwards,
during the reconstruction period, while
on the staff of General Auger, stood be-
tween the embattled lines and preserved
the status quo without bloodshed, by the
influence of his personality. And Jack-
son rode into Richmond upon its sur-

render with his colored cavalry. We
have given to the Conmionwealth of
Massachusetts a governor, who would
have been our spokesman today had his
health permitted. A faithful and up-
right and beloved governor, John Quincy
Adams Brackett has added distinction
to his historic name; and in the ministry,
Churchill, loved of the loved, who gave
up for conscience' sake a career in the
drama, where he would have rivaled
Jefferson and Irving, to raise the stand-
ardof pulpit delivery, and for conscience'
sake was subjected to the ignominy of
trial in the Andover controversy. And
FUvius Josephus Cook whose marvelous
personality enabled him "the applause
of listening" thousands "to command."
In law, Tweed, expert in his profession,
wise administrator of vast financial and
business interests; Brownell, ideal class
secretary, industrious collector of Har-
vard memorabilia; and Durant, Garter,
Stickney and Frost, rising to high posi-
tions. In education. Snow, for forty
years professor of history in Washington
University, several times acting chan-
cellor, ludd writer and able teacher; and
Leeds, brilliant professor of chemistry
in Stevens Institute, beloved of faculty
and students. In medicine, Putnam
and Chadwick, rising to the front rank
of their profession here in Boston; and
Hooper in Chicago, and Sturges in New
York. And many, many more who have
lived lives of usefulness and who have
carried into their activities the inspira-
tion which they received here.

Such is the record, and we await in
confidence our Mother's "Well done!"

One word more, even at this hour.
Professor Palmer, in his address last
week, spoke of the wider development of
the University and of the obligations
that imposed upon us. Another thought
occurs to me, — the wider development
of the world into which the graduates of

Digitized by


104 Meetings. — Dental Alumni Association. [September,

today enter, and the obligation« it puts *^- ^- !>»▼*■. '00. of St. Louis, Mo. 1561 687

.1 -n . ..1 . J. .1 Benjamin Carpenter, *88, of Cbi-

upon them. For notwithstanding the ^^, m 1509 651

awful cataclysm of lust and greed which Joeeph Lee, '83. oi Boston 1284 679

we are daUy witnessing on both conU- %^h.^.\ .^* °'. T***^.'ll82 461

nents, I do most solemnly believe that Hu^ Bracroft. '98. of Boston. . ! !ll42 474

this is a greater and a better world than M. A. DeW. Howe, '87. of Bos-

. . «,^ ^ , ^, ton lOSo 899

It was fifty years ago; greater m the Perry D. Trafford, '89 1076

sense that the mind of man has wrested J»™«« Byrne, '77 1071

^ .^ , , , Maloolm Donald. '99 1021

vast spaces to ito use from darkness. Xa^ , p,^; .»6. ......... . 1018

superstition and ignorance, and carried Henry Jackton, '80 988

tothemthelightofknowledge:andbet- ^^,^tV^!^^:^::: — :: JJi

ter in that the average moral standard j. h. Parker, '93 477

of the world has been raised and that the xhe total Postal Ballot was 4766 and
spirit of brotherhood now goes out to the total Commencement Vote was
every human being. As Dickens said: 14^0, as against 4906 and 1S2S last year.
"It is a world we must be careful how j^ 1914 the highest candidate, W. C.
we libel. God forgive us! for He alone Forbes, '9«, received 116« votes at Corn-
knows what lies beneath the surface of mencement.
His lightest image.**

Into this world of larger opportunity Diredon of Alumni Astoeiation.

the graduatesof today enter. They need jhe vote on Commencement was as

a larger and more comprehensive prepa- follows, the first three candidates being

ration than we did, and it is the glory of elected :

the University that she is able to and r^,^,^ Q^een Fessenden 800

does give it. And I have no doubt that Frederick Winsor 622

fiftyyearshen«they wiUbeable tobring f^s^^!'/.: ^i:: V. i: /.tS

bivck to their Mother a record of greater George Cabot Lee 410

eflSciency and accomplishment than the FrankUn Spilman Newell 402

u # »fl» L i_ 1.1 M. John Wing Prentiss 394

men who were of 06 have been able to

earn with the one talent which our The total number of votes cast wai

Mother gave us. ^^^*

The exercises closed with the singing ^^ *

of the first verse of "Fair Harvard** led dbntal alumni AsaociATioir.

by the Alumni Chorus. The Association held exercises in the

Harvard Dental School in the morning of
election of ®^«etr<* the «Sd of June, illustrating the work of
There were five vacancies for Over- ^« School. At twelve o'clock those
seers this year, all for the full term of members who cared to do so partid-
six years. The results of the postal and P*^^^ "* "» automobile run to South-
Commencement votes follow. bridge, where lunch was served at the
PowtalCom, Southbridge Arms, and the afternoon
Vou Vott was spent in field sports. At five o'clock
*Robert Grant, '73, of Boston. . . .2746 1097 xu^ AA»k .n».s.1 ^^«:»» -«/4 K.T«r.,.^ »•«

Online LibraryWilliam Richards Castle William Roscoe ThayerThe Harvard graduates' magazine → online text (page 13 of 103)