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New Hampshire for six years from June
1. He graduated with high rank from
Dartmouth, and, since leaving the Har-
vard Law School has been practising
in Rochester as the partner of Gov.
Samuel D. Felker. He is also judge of
the Rochester Municipal Court.

Danid Allen Clarke, B.A.S. '04, has
proved in the Red Oak Nurseries, near
Fiskeville, R.I., that much of the so-
called useless land of the Eastern States
may be made productive and profitable.
Mr. Clarke has now over a hundred acres
under cultivation where he is raising
flowering shrubs and ornamental trees
for the market.

ba Walter Richardson, M.D. '15, has
been appointed junior house officer at
the Maiden Hospital. He graduated
from Colby College in 1910.

Reuben B. Hutchcraft, Jr., LL.B. '11,
who is a representative in the Kentucky
State Legislature, will next year become
an instructor in the College of Law of
the University of Kentudcy.

Dr. Robert M. Merrick, M.D. '00, has
been appointed by Gov. Walsh a mem-
ber of the Mass. SUte Board of Charity.
He has been an assistant professor of
children's diseases at Tufts College and
visiting physician at the St. Mary's In-
fant Asylum.

Edgar V. Frothingham, LL.B. '99, has
been appointed a magistrate in Manhat-
tan. He was formerly a commissioner of
public works.



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198



Literary Notes.



[September,



Burr F. Jones, A.M. '00, has been
elected Superintendent of Schools in
Amesbury.

Clifford Spence Anderson, LL.B. '08,
will have charge of the department of
law, applied economics, organisation
and finance, in the school of accountant
and business administration, which is to
be opened in the Worcester Y.M.C.A.
on the first of September. Mr. Anderson
is a graduate of Brown, and of the Har-
vard Law School, and has since been
practising law in the firm of Stiles and
Anderson in Worcester.

Peter Florence McCarty, LL.B. '11,
has announced his candidacy for the
position of Representative from Ward
80, Boston. He is a graduate of Dart-
mouth and has not before been a candi-
date for public office, although he has
been active in politics in Dorchester.

F. X. Mahoney, M.D. '05, has been
appointed by Mayor Curley, health
conmussioner of Boston. He replaces the
present unpaid board of three conunis-
sioners of which he has been chairman,
and it is expected that he will wholly
reorganize the board, probably in the
political interests of the Mayor. Dr.
Mahon^ is a graduate of Holy Cross
College and of the Harvard Veterinary
and Medical Schools.

The Rt. Rev. David H. Greer, D.D.
'15, Bishop of New York, is chairman of
a committee organised to raise funds for
the relief of suffering in Armenia. The
Armenians, who have always been perse-
cuted by the Turks, are now said to be
absolutely destitute as a result of the
war. The men have been forced unwill-
ingly into the war and thor families are
struggling against hunger and pestilence.

M. B. Hastings, who has been during
the past year a student in the School of
Business Administration, will next year
have charge of the new courses in Reed
College, Portland, Ore., intended for ad-



vanced students seeking preparation for
commercial careers in the Northwest.
This new department of Reed College
will have aims similar to those of the
Ebrvard Business School.

LITERARY NOTES.

V To SToid mimmdentanding, the Editor
bees to state that copies of booics by or about
Harvard men should be sent to the MaoaMin§
if a review is desired. In no other way oan a
complete rei^ter of Harvard publications be
kept. Writers of articles in prominent periodi-
cals are also requested to send to the Editor
copies, or at least the titles of their contribu-
tions. Except in rare cases, space will not
permit mention of contributions to the daily



Made to Otdtr: Short Stories' from a
College Course, is a coUection of thirteen
stories written in English 22 by Harold
Amory, '16, R. G. Carter, '16, G.Court-
n^, '10, Duncan Dana, '14, G. Lament,
'16, A. F. Leflingwell '16, P. R. Mediem.
'14, E. C. Park, '15, C. C. Petersen, '15,
W. E. Shea, '14, G. C. Smith, Jr., '15,
R. B. Southgate, '16, and Leonard
Wood, Jr., '16. The somewhat satirical
preface by Mr. G. H. Maynadier, the
instructor in the course, states the rea-
son for the publication, and concludes
by saying, "Like most good stories they
are intended primarily to entertain.
They did entertain the instructor as he
read them, and so he is glad to take this
opportunity to thank the authors heart-
ily for the pleasure which they — like so
many othersof his students — have given
him. No doubt the fortunate public
will now show their good taste by equal
appreciation." The stories themselves
are as good as most respectable maga-
zine stories. Whether it would not have
been wiser for the authors to run their
chances in getting them published in
some of the College papers is a question
for every reader to decide for himself.

The Soi^f of Our Syrian Guest, by Rev.
William A. Knight, A.M. '05, of Brigh-



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Literary NoUt.



199



ton, is next autumn to be published in
Dutch. Since its publication several
yean ago in Boston, it has been trans-
lated into dght foreign languages.

After much discussion in the New
York Sun and other papas the impor-
tant decision seems to have been reached
that the historic ballad entitled The
Lone Fish Ball may properiy be called
a Harvard song and that it at least may
have been written by Prof. George
Biartin Lane, some time before 1860.
Even the New Haven Register is willing
to award Massachusetts the honor of
being the song's place of origin.

George Santayana, '86, although he
is living in Spain, has not g^ven up his
interest in things American. In a re-
cent number of the New Republie he
writes a rather pessimistic review of re-
cent American poetry, closing it with the
characteristic remark that "The aver-
age human, gented person with a heart,
a morality, and a religion is left for the
moment without any poetry to give him
pleasure or do him honor." Mr. Santa-
yana is himself a true poet who does not
forget, as so many of our young poets do
forget, that gentility, morality, and re-
ligion are as old as our worid, and are
as true today as they always have been.

An interesting and important venture
undertaken by Harvard men is the pub-
lication of the Eeonomie World, The
editor is A. R. Marsh, '88, the associate
editor Guy Emerson, '08, and the busi-
ness manager W. B. Marsh, '14. Mr.
A. R. Marsh, who has been president of
the Cotton Exchange of New York City,
some time ago took over two small
papers, the Market World, and the
Chronide, an insurance journal. About
a year ago he decided to unite the two
and to bring out the kind of business
journal which he believed was needed.
Mr. Emerson describes the paper as fol-
*It appeared to us that the busi-



ness papers of the country devoted
themselves too much to figures, and to
superficial comment. Mr. Marsh car-
ried the ideals of a Harvard professor
into the business world with him, and he
realized that the best business men suc-
ceed on the basis of ideas, and not on the
basis of being mere lightning calcula-
tors. We felt, in other words, that some
of the fundamental and constructive
thinking that is applied in the develop-
ment of other branches of American life,
can successfully be applied in the busi-
ness world. On this basis we attacked
the situation. We did not attempt to
compete with trade journals or existing
financial papers. We went among the
business men as an economic weekly at-
tempting to give them, in concise form,
sound discussions of the underlying
principles of business, written both by
men who had actually applied their ideas
to American conditions, and by men
who were frankly students of business,
but without practical experience." In
an admirable editorial entitied, "The
Call to American Business to Find
Itsdf," Mr. Marsh sums up, at the
end, the purpose of his paper, "to be
what Mr. Root has appositely denomi-
nated a ' missionary of good understand-
ing' to business men. Our messages will
perhaps not be called those of the 'new
freedom ' ; but we hope they will be called
those of a new creative, constructive,
contented, and prosperous period in the
United States." We have heard so much,
in recent years, of Harvard "radicals,"
that it is pleasant to record the work of
other Harvard men, whose radicalism
consists in a willingness to believe in the
honesty of business, who are spreading
sound economic doctrines soberly and
feariesdy. That the purpose of the
paper is approved by many Harvard
men is attested by the fact that it has
already printed important contributions



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200



LUerary Notes*



[September,



by Pres. Eliot, Prof. T. N. Carver, Gen.
Wm. A. Bancroft, '78» Maj. Henry L.
Higginson, 1*55], Roger A. Derby, '05,
and others.

The Naiion** Jubilee. — On July 8 the
Neu> York Nation celebrated the semi-
centennial of its ezistenoe and the begin-
ning of its lOlst volume by issuing a
jubilee number, containing nearly 80
pages of text. It printed a dozen special
articles, most of which had to do with
the origin, early days, founders, editors,
and contributors of that great journal.
Lord Bryce wrote on £. L. Godkin and
W. P. Garrison, '61; W. C. Brownell, a
former member of the editorial staff, de-
scribed "the Nation from the Inside";
Henry James, L.S. *62» had a character^
istically blurred note on its founding;
Henry Holt, in an artide on "A Young
Bian's Grade," not only showed the
great influence which the Nation exerted
on the thoughtful young men of fifty
years ago, bnt also contributed several
entertaining character studies of Godkin;
C. C. Nott had "Reminiscences of an
Octogenarian," which were less impor-
tant, whether in form or in substance,
than the artide of Fni. B. L. Gilder-
sleeve, who wrote on "The Haiards of
Reviewing"; Prof. A. V. Dioey gave
"An English Scholar's Appreciation of
Godkin "; Oswald G. Villard, '98, the
present proprietor, told of "The Nation
and its Ownership," and Arthur G.
Sedgwick, '64, — an eariy member of the
Staff, and since deceased, — stated the
prindples which Godkin laid down to
govern the Nation^a reviewers. Gustav
PoUak, a contributor of forty years'
standing, appropriately summarined the
list of contributors, mostly of the first
generation, but also induding some of
the patriarchs who still live, but have
laid down their pens. \^th equal appro-
priateness a long review of book-pub-
lishing from 1860 down to the present



time was assigned to the veteran pub-
lisher, G. H. Putnam. W. R. Thayer,
'81, contributed a survey of the course
of historical writing during the past half-
oentury. On a aepanie folio the por-
traits of the editors and owners were
given. All save one of these held Har-
vard degrees, vis.: E. L. Godldn, h '71,
W. P. Garrison, '61, P. E. More^ p '98,
Hammond Lamont, '86, H. I>eW. Fuller,
'98, and O. G. Villard, '98. The pre-
dominating influence of Harvard on the
character of the Nation appeared from
the start. Prof. C. E. Norton. '46, was
one of its founders; J. R. Dennett, '62,
was a tirdess coadjutor; James Russell
Lowell, '88, F. J. ChUd, '46, W. W.
Goodwin, '51, and similar leading Har-
vard scholars in each generation, have
added authority to its literary and
critical artides. It is gratifjring to learn
that the circulation of the Nation has
been steadily increasing.

T. L. Stoddard, '05, who has made a
special study of Balkan politics, had a
popular artide in a recent number of the
Century Moffasdne entitled "Bulgaria,
the Hdr to Constantinople." Mr. Stod-
dard points out that whatever Bulgaria
finally deddes to do in the war her action
will be dictated only by sdf-interest;
that it is necessary in consideration of all
Balkan questions to leave out our ideas
of humanity, since all the Balkan peoples
are "crazed by racial fanaticism and
great ideas." He makes no prophecy,
but points out that the desire for the ful-
filment of her "great idea," the seating
of the Bulgarian ruler on the throne of
Constantinople, would seem more likdy
to be satisfied by an alliance with Aus-
tria than by one with Russia.

The History and Oenealoffy qf the John-
eon Family, by Alfred Johnson, '95, is a
far more interesting book to the layman
than are most genealogies. The sketch
of Capt Edward Johnson, the first of



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Literary Notes.



201



the family to oome to Americft, and the
author of that curious book, Wondet'
Working Providence, is delightfuL Inter-
esting, and historically important also,
are the chapters devoted to the Johnsons
in Connecticut and Maine. £ven the
genealogical lists have very human
touches, and one turns the pages of the
book with pleasure on account of the
excellent illustrations. •

A very informing and much-needed
article is that by Pres. Lowell in the Sep-
tember number of the Atlantic Monthly
on "A League to Enforce Peace.'* The
daily press has had much to say about
this newly formed league, of which Mr.
Lowell is himself chairman, but most
people still think of it as "some silly
pacifist idea." The object of the plan is:
(1) "that before resorting to arms the
members shall submit disputes with one
another, if justiciable, to an interna-
tional tribunal"; (2) "that in like man-
ner they shall submit non-justidable
questions to an international council of
conciliation, which shall recommend a
fair and amicable solution"; (8) "that
if any member of the league wages war
against another before submitting the
question in dispute to the tribunal or
councfl, aO the other members shall
jointly use forthwith both their eoonondc
and military forces against the state that
so breaks the peace"; (4) "that the mg-
natory powers shall endeavor to codify
and improve the rules of international
law." The idea is something like Mr.
Roosevelt's suggestion of an interna-
tional police force, but is far less cum-
bersome. It is more sensible than are
most peace plans because it does not
deny the possibility, or even the possi-
ble justice, of war. The plan is only in
its inception and therefore cannot be
blamed for its vagueness, for its avoid-
ance of details. The men reqwnsible f or
it are greatiy to be praised for what they



have done so far. It remains to be seen
whether they can persuade other nations

— even more periiaps this very nation

— to take up the idea seriously. It
would certainly take us very far away
from Washington's advice to avoid en-
tangling alliances.

Pamphlets received: City qf Cambridge.
Report qf the Special Committee on Study
qfthe Local Real Eetate Aeeeeement Situa-
tion, tDith Recommendations, March 26,
1916. Of this Committee Stoughton Bell
'06, is chairman and Prof. C. J. Bullock,
of the Department of Economics, repre-
sents the University. The Carnegie
Foundation/or the Advancement qf Teach-
ing: Ninth Annual Report of the President
and qf the Treasurer, 1916, containing in
Part n many interesting and important
papers on "Current Educational Prob-
lems." The Foundations of a League qf
Peace, by G. Lowes Dickinson. (World
Peace Foundation, Boston, April, 1915.)
The pamphlet g^ves a plan which Mr.
Diddnson is sure will make war impossi-
ble in the future. It is leas absurd than
are most suggestions of the professional
pacifists. More Race Questions, by A. F.
Griffiths, '09. This is a paper read before
the Social Science Club of Honolulu. It
is an interesting discussion of the possi-
ble future of the Japanese in Hawaii.
A Conference of Neutral States. (World
Peace Foundation, Boston, June, 1915.)
Problems about War for Classes in Arith-
metic, by D. £. Smith, Pfa.D. (New York,
1915.) This is a collection of simple
problems intended to show that war is a
useless expense to a nation. All possible
moral sanctions of war are, of course,
omitted, since arithmetic has nothing to
do with ideals. Long Distance Submarine
Signaling by Dynamo-Electric Machinery.
A lecture by R. A. Fessenden. (Law-
rence Scientific Association, June, 1914.)
Some Notes on the Dunciad and The Dun-
ciad of ires, by R. H. Griffith, Professor



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lAUirafy Note9.



[Septembert



In th« Univcnity of Texfti, two pam-
phlets reprinted from If oiitfni Fkikiofgy,
Fni, Griffith is one of the most ardent
students of the work of Alexander Pope
in America. The information here col-
lected is primarily bibliographical and
much new light is thrown on the yezed
question of the editions of that most diffi-
cult of Pope's works, the Duneiad. Prof.
Griffith has made use, in his researches,
of the wonderful Pope Collection in the
Harvard Library. The Henry Draper
Memorial, by Annie J. Cannon of the
Harvard College Observatory (reprinted
from the Journal of the Royal Astro-
nomical Society of Canada, May-June,
1015), is an interesting history of the
Memorial established by Mrs. Draper in
1880 in memory of her husband. Many
good plates increase the interest of the
pamphlet. A Trip io South America, by
Walter Lichtenstein, '00, published by
Northwestern University, is an inter-
esting account of the author's trip on
behalf of the Harvard College Library,
the Harvard Law School Library, the
Northwestern University Lilffary, and
others. About 9000 books were secured,
many of them of great importance, of
some of which the title-pages are repro-
duced in the pamphlet Fourteenih An-
nutd Report cfUke Metropolitan Water and
Sewerage Board, (Boston, 1915.) A pub-
lic document of importance because,
under the leadership of Dr. H. P. Wal-
cott, this board has done admirable
service to the city of Boston and has
led other similar boards throughout the
country. Depredation in the Retail Shoe
Buiineee, (Bulletin No. 4 of the Bureau
of Business Research, Harvard Univer-
sity Press, 1915.) This pamphlet is
based on information supplied by mem-
bers of the shoe trade, and, although it
deals specifically with the retail shoe
business, it discusses principles which
relate to any mercantile business. It is a



good example of the valuable work being
done outside the walls of the University
by the Graduate School of Business
Administration.

■BOBT RCVUBWB.

An Interpretation of the Ruseian People,
By Prof. Leo Wiener. (New York:
McBride, Nast k Co. Cloth, $1.25.)
When the war began one heard many
suggestions of the ^vic Peril. Great
hordes of uncivilised and ferocious ^vs
were to swarm out from the misty plains
of Asia and overrun Europe, annihilat-
ingour hard-won civilization, and thrust-
ing us back into mediaeval anarchy.
These terrible prophecies were sedu-
lously spread abroad by the Gomans,
who daimed to be the bulwark of West-
em civilisation. As the war progressed,
it is true, Europe and America began to
realise that military autocracy might be
quite as ferocious, quite as dangerous to
liberal institutions as any Asiatic peril.
Indeed, unprejudiced people began to
wonder whether the peril was anything
more serious than a menace to the terri-
torial ambitions of Crermany and Aus-
tria in the Near East and in the Balkans.
But there still remained, in many minds,
a suggestion of forthcoming trouble from
Russia. It was to aUay this suspidon
that Prof. Wiener wrote his book. He
might easily have written an ephemeral
treatise on Russia's part in the war; he
might have pointed out, with the same
trenchant humor which carried his audit-
ors by storm when he spoke at the Bos-
ton Harvard Club, that Russia, more
than any other nation, had been a pupil
of Germany, but that, having learned,
she was unwilling to be unrighteously
dominated. He chose the leis appealing,
probably less lucrative, but certainly
fnore permanently useful, method of pre-
senting to American readers a futhful
interpretation of the Russian people and



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Literary Notet.



208



of their dominant ideals. The result is
that he has produced a book of lasting
value. Prof. Wiener makes no attempt
to idealise Russia, to whitewash its fail-
ings. He gives, instead, a sincere and
honest picture of a great people, strug-
gling, sometimes against heavy odds,
toward a perfection which it is still very
far from attaining. There is, perhi4>s, a
little too much insistenoe on the deaden-
ing influence of the bureaucracy and of
the Orthodox Church, which are, after
all, phases of Russian development; one
prefers to think of the Tsar as a little less
wicked than he is here painted; not every
one would agree as to the infallilnlity of
Tolstoy. But no book worth reading
was ever written that did not, in some
measure at least, reveal the passionate
beliefs of its author; and these matters,
springing from Prof. Wiener's heart, in
no way obscure the dear picture which
his scholarly and accurate intellect has
drawn. One who knows Russia, as the
traveler knows it, superficially, finds
here the solution of many perplexing
problems. To one who does not know
the country or the people at all, there is
a mine of precise, philosophically con-
sidered information. The Russian peo-
ple is treated in its different aspects and
in its various activities. The chapters
on art, music, literature, religion, are
illuminating. And the result is complete-
ly destructive of that bogie, the Slavic
Peril, — unless one fears, too, an Ameri-
can Peril. For the book leaves one with
the impression, gained by so many trav-
elers, that Russia is, in many ways, curi-
ously like America; that the Russian
people, like the American, is moved by
high aspirations; that both are trying to
derive, from the meti^hysical qieciila-
tions of Old- World philosophers, a prac-
ticable and workable thec»y of life.
Ph>gre8s, daring under repression, steady,
practical in its aims — this seems to be



the modem outcome of generations of
mysticism and silence.

TkeD%j)UmaeffoftheWarofl9U, By
EUery Stowell, '98. (Houghton Mifflin
Co., 1915. 8vo, Cloth, $5.00.) This is a
careful and dispassionate analysis of the
various diplomatic papers iisued by the
different European governments in ex-
planation of their participation in the
War. It will always be important as a
reference book, but is also something
more than this. Mr. Stowell is a student
of international law, but he does not
allow himself to become involved in
technicalities. His analysis extends to
comparison, to estimate, and, in placing
the greatest blame on Germany for pre-
cipitating the conflict, he points out what
seems an insufficiently understood truth:
that not the Kaiser, not even primarily
the military aristocracy, but the state of
mind of the whole Grerman people, im-
pelled the nation to a war of conquest
The idea of the super-man, of the super-
nation, is not conducive to world peace.
So, from this, Mr. Stowell points out that
if Germany wins the war all idea of inter-
national federation must give way to the
ideal of selfish national perfection. But
it is hardly fair to the author too much
to emphasise thii minor aspect of a schol-
arly and extraordinarily useful book. It
is nuunly an unpartisan discussion of the
facts, indisputable or distorted, which
are brought out by the different "pa-
pers" and through debates in the differ-
ent legislatures. A valuable book for all
who want really to understand the war.

Tks dreai War: The Second Phase, By
Frank H. Simonds, '00. (New York:
Mitchell, Kennerley & Co. 1015. Cloth,
$1.25.) People in general seem to be
agreed that Frank H. Simonds has, more
successfully than any other American
writer, given vigorous, accurate accounts
of the war in Europe. In his articles in
the New York Sun and later through his



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Literary Notes.



[September,



leaden in the New York TrUnme, Mr.
Simonda gave, from day to day, the best
analyais of what was goixig on at the
front. He seemed intuitively to know —
he knew really through careful study —
what were, every day, the most import-
ant elements of the situation. The sub-
stance of these editorials Mr. Simonds
has now published in book form, but he
has cut out, rearranged, and composed
more than in his first book, and this sec-
ond volume is, in consequence, a much
better book than the first. It carries the
story of the war from Oct 1 to May 1,
the beginning of the spring campaign.
It is primarily narrative, but includes
critidsm and explanation when this is
necessary to make the situation dear.



Online LibraryWilliam Richards Castle William Roscoe ThayerThe Harvard graduates' magazine → online text (page 28 of 103)