William Richards Castle William Roscoe Thayer.

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and to work out a plan of instruction through correspondence and
so to develop the system that men each year, while doing the fun-
damental work with troops, will have a portion of the day for
more advanced work with a view to their more thorough instruc-
tion in the duties of an officer.

The students' camps are on a sound basis. The attendance is
constantly growing, and they, like the camps for older men, will
furnish most valuable material for officers of volunteers. The men
who attended these camps will take to their universities and col-
leges sound ideas of military policy, a fair knowledge of our

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1915.] WlUary Instruction Camps. 245

military history, an a{^>reeiatioii of the absolute necessity of or-
ganization and training, a realization that it is not enough to be
wiUing but that <me must be prepared, and, I hope, a conviction
that men, one and all, owe a soldier's service to the country in
time of need, and that the discharge of this service is a patriotic
obligation and not something purely voluntary to be passed on to
some better man. All must pay the blood-tax alike. There is no
privileged class. Manhood suffrage should mean manhood obliga-

By " 1898."

To Harvard graduates belongs a considerable share of the
credit for the camps for business and professional men held at
Plattsburg in August, September, and October. The idea of
these camps was first worked out by certain Harvard graduates
in New York in cooperation with Greneral Wood, himself a grad-
uate of the Harvard Medical School, of the Class of 1884, and a
member of the Harvard Club of New York City.

At the Annual Dinner of the Harvard Club of New York City
held on January 29, 1915, General Wood spoke on military con-
ditions in this country and military preparedness. On that occa-
sion he expressed the desire for an opportunity to talk the situar
tion over more frankly than was possible at a formal dinner, and
subsequently an informal dinner of about fifty men particularly
interested was held in the private dining-room of the Harvard
Club, with General Wood and other officers of the army as
the guests. At this dinner the situation was frankly discussed
and questions asked and answered. Subsequently, in the spring,
certain Harvard graduates in New York, in discussing with Gen-
eral Wood the services which they could render in case of neces-
sity, evolved with him the idea of a military camp, along the lines
of the students' camps, but for older men in business and profes-
sional life. A committee of Harvard graduates in New York was
formed to take charge of the enrollment of Harvard men for this
camp, and this was followed by the formation of conunittees of
the graduates of other colleges. A mass meeting of college men
was then held in Harvard Hall on June 14, 1915, at which

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246 Military Instruction Camps. [December,

General Wood and Captain Gordon Johnston, U.S.A., were the
speakers. After this meeting committees were also formed in
other cities, and the plan was soon an assured success.

At the first camp for business and professional men, held at
Plattsburg from August 10 to September 6, about one third of
those in attendance were Harvard men, and at the second camp,
from September 8 to October 6, the number of Harvard men far
exceeded the representation of any other University.

The two camps for business and professional men are to be
organized into a permanent organization known as the First Train*
ing Regiment, of which the first two battalions compose the first
camp, and the second battalion the second camp. In working out
this permanent organization, Harvard men have also been to the
front. Robert Bacon, '80, is chairman of the committee on the
organization of the first two battalions, and on the committees
appointed by him are many Harvard men from various parts of
the country. It is also interesting to note that of the seven mem-
bers of the Harvard Corporation, one, Robert Bacon, '80, was in
attendance at the first camp, as were also two members of the
Board of Overseers, Langdon P. Marvin, '98, and John W. Hallo-
well, '01. Arthur Woods, '92, Police Commissioner of the City
of New York, not only attended the camp himself, but also
Arranged for the attendance of a number of New York policemen
at both camps.

It is a source of legitimate satisfaction to Harvard men that its
graduates should have taken so prompt and prominent a part in
this patriotic movement.


By " 1918."-

^^ Summer Camp," during the past year, has come to mean ^^ mili-
tary camp," and ^ military camp," to most Harvard graduates,
has, in turn, come to mean ^^ Plattsburg." This is but a natural
result of the fine work done there, and of the fact that a large
proportion of the famous ^^ Business Men's Regiment " was com-
posed of Harvard men. Moreover, the Plattsburg contingent, be-
cause of the large number of prominent men in it, was very well
advertised in the Eastern papers.

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1915.] Military Instruction Camps. 247

There were, however, other camps at which much needed ex-
perience was gained. The ten days' trip of Battery A, of Boston^
at the Tobyhanna Artillery Camp, effected a marked change in
the efficiency of that regiment. Many of its members are either
graduates or undergraduates of Harvard, and the regiment as a
whole resembles, in the average type of member, the Plattsburg
regiments. Although undoubtedly the Battery is one of the best
of the militia artillery regiments, it is not actually ready to go to
the front in case of war, but it would probably be sent among the
first of the National Guard batteries. By '^ ready " is meant the
equal of a regular battery, or of, say, a German or French bat-
tery. It is, however, as nearly ready as it can be under present
conditions, and the regular officers appear to have been surprised
at the degree of efficiency obtained in spite of many hindrances.

Foremost among these hindrances is the lack of opportunity
for the drivers to get any considerable amount of practical work
with horses. This is due to the old armory in which mounted drills
are impossible, and will undoubtedly be remedied when the new
armory is opened. Last winter, however, the most a driver could
hope to learn was his arm signals, and the theory of going into
and coming out of action. This meant that, except for one turn-
out, our drivers were in many instances absolutely inexperienced
in the care and handling of horses. On the first day at Toby-
hanna, it took a remarkably long time for the Battery to get
hitched and harnessed before starting. At the end of the training
period our green drivers were doing it in very good time. More-
over, for several days the driving on the drill ground, and on the
road, was bad, but this, too, improved rapidly with practice.

In order to convey an idea of the work done, let me recount the
usual daily schedule. Reveille came at five, and soon after it
breakfast. About six or a little later the call for stables was
sounded. The horses were then groomed and watered, and as
soon as possible after this, the Battery hitched, harnessed, and
started off. If we were on a ^^ hike " the cannoneers broke camp
during ^^ stables " and had things ready when the order to hitch
and harness came. At noon a halt was made for an hour, or if we
were near the home camp we returned for mess. At one we started
off again. Sometimes the firing practice during the afternoon
would end early, sometimes a delay in the morning would make

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248 Military Instruction Camps. [December,

ns late, but uBually we reached our next camp about five or six.
After the horses were groomed and watered, we were free to
rush for the nearest water before mess and take a welcome batk
About one pipe after mess the lights went out, although retreat
did not come until nine o'clock.

In spite of very marked improvement, the stable work never
reached as high a standard as the other parts of the game, but
regulars remarked, when the Battery left, that they were several
degrees better than most of the militia, and that despite their fail-
ings, our drivers had not shirked. This, of course, was only
natural with men who did not "know horses," and would un-
doubtedly remedy itself with more constant practice, and associa-
tion with the animals themselves. All of these faults will be
greatly diminished when the new armory opens for mounted drill.

Another part of military life under service conditions, which
received special emphasis, was the pitching, and breaking-up of
camps on the road-marches. A very satisfactory improvement in
this important department resulted from the practical experience
gained during the camp period.

Perhaps the greatest benefit of the whole camp was that given
the cannoneers by their work on the range. Several days of
target practice with real shrapnel were had by each Battery, and
this was of almost incalculable value in raising the actual service
efficiency of the gun squads, for after all, the most important
function of field artillery is to concentrate an effective fire quickly,
at some given point.

The encouraging feature of the trip was the determination and
conservative enthusiasm displayed by every one. Willingness and
a desire to profit by the opportunities offered, marked the work
in every detail. There were no loafers, — consequently every one
learned a great many "tricks of the trade," and became thoroughly
acquainted with his own particular job. Our officers, and non-
commissioned officers got right into things and set a fine example
of " pep," and team-work which was largely responsible for the
good showing made. In short the encampment gave us a world
of experience, and was of inestimable value in fitting us to an-
swer the possible, but let us hope, improbable call to arms, which,
until recently, we have shamefully neglected to prepare for.

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1915.] John Dams Long. 249


Th£ memoir of Governor Long which was to have appeared in
this number has been unavoidably delayed in preparation. It will
probably appear in the next issue.

John Davis Long was bom in Buckfield, Maine, on October
27, 1838, and died at Hingham, August 28, 1915. He prepared
at the common schools of his home town and at Hebron Academy,
entering Harvard in 1858. After his graduation he entered a law
office and had a year in the Harvard Law School. In 1862 he
opened an office in Bnckfield, but after a few months moved to
Boston to practise his profession. He made his home in Hingham.
He was active in politics ; was elected to the Massachusetts House
of Bepresentatives in 1875, Lieutenant-Governor in 1879, and
Governor in 1880, 1881, and 1882. In the ktter year he was
elected a Bepresentative to Congress, holding the office during
three terms. He was appointed Secretary of the Navy by Presi-
dent McKinley in 1897 and resigned that office in 1902, carrying
the Department through the Spanish-American War. He was a
delegate to the Presidential Convention in Chicago in 1904 and
assisted in securing the nomination of Theodore Boosevelt. His
association with Harvard College, as President of the Board of
Overseers, was long and of great value. Governor Long was well
known as a public speaker and had published several books,
including a translation of the ^neuf, a book of speeches, and,
in 1903, a valuable book on The New American Navy. Gov-
ernor Long was twice married, to Mary Woodward Glover in
1870, who died in 1882, and to Agnes Pierce in 1886. He is
survived by his wife, one son and one daughter.

Oovemor Lang*9 Connection with Harvard College,^

W. R. Thayer, *81.

In the delightful bit of autobiography which Governor Long
read to us at the June meeting of the Historical Society in 1909,
he recorded the smattering of education, as it would now be
reckoned, which he received at home and at the academy of

^ This paper on Qoremor Loiiir*s oonneotioii with Harraid was read at a meeting
of iha MaflMMhuettt Historical Soeiaty on Oct. 14.

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250 John Davis Long. [December,

Hebron, Maine. He was evidently one of those bookish boys,
qnick at his studies, whose parents early mark oat for them a
college career. He does not tell us how he came to be sent to Har-
vard rather than to the nearer Bowdoin College at Brunswick.
What he found at Cambridge and how far Harvard influenced
him will appear from the following quotation, taken from the
reminiscences I have just referred to :

The result of my few terms afc Hebron Academy was that I entered Har-
vard College in 1863, at fourteen years of age. ... I look back upon my col-
lege education with less satisfaction than any other part of my life. I was not
thoroughly fitted. I was too young. The mistake was made, with a well-meant
but mistaken yiew of saying me from the ** dangers of college life,*' of board-
ing me for the first two or three years a mile away from the college — as if
there were any dangers or, if there were, as if the best part of a college edu-
cation was not to get the rub of them. Hence it happened that I then formed
no personal association with my classmates, and always felt remote and as if
I presented the picture of a forlorn little fellow who ought to haye been at
home. To this day I haye neyer got oyer an awe of them that I haye neyer
had of anybody else. ... I recollect no instruction which was not of the most
perfunctory and indifferent sort, unless possibly it was that of Professor Cooke
in chemistry and Professor Child in English. The only impression made on
me by one professor was that of a pair of staring spectacles and an immovable
upper lip, and by another of a throaty growl in his Sophoclean larynx. There
was an entire lack, to me» of all moral or personal influences. I look back with
a certain pathetic commiseration on myself, unwarmed for the whole four
years by a single act or word ezpressiye of interest on the part of those to
whom my education was intrusted. And this is literally true. The element of
personal influence was entirely lacking. No instructor or officer eyer gave me
a pat on the shoulder physically, morally, or iptellectually.

We need not be surprised that Long, conscious of his great
shyness, his youth and his remoteness from undergraduate life, did
not figure in college societies, except in Phi Beta Kappa, to which
his excellent scholarship admitted him. It is quite evident also
that after leaving Harvard and taking up the practice of law, he
was thrown less with Harvard acquaintances than with others.
The mingling of politics and law, which came about very naturally,
tended also to bring him into association with all sorts of men.
So far as I discover, his first public recognition by Harvard was
in 1880, when the University conferred upon him the honorary
degree of Doctor of Laws, a distinction which then was bestowed
upon each governor of Massachusetts, irrespective of bis previous
condition or of his intellectual or moral attainments. It happened,

Digitized by


JOHN D. LONG, ^57,
As Secretary of the Navy.

From a photofcraph by

Purdj, of Botton, eopyrl^, 180?.

Digitized by


Digitized by


1916*] John Davis Long, 251

however, that the next governor was Greneral Benjamin F. Butler,
and then the Harvard Governing Boards seized the occasion for
abolishing the ex officio honor. About that time Mr. X^iong was a
candidate for the Harvard Board of Overseers, but was defeated,
probably because the Harvard electorate then regarded him as
belonging rather conspicuously to the class, held in suspicion by
the fastidious, of so-called ^^ practical politicians."

But the Governor's time of vindication — if the word be not too
severe — came. From 1897 to 1902 he served as Secretary of the
Navy, and in the last year, having been chosen president of the
Harvard Alumni Association, he presided at the historic com-
mencement dinner, when President Boosevelt and Secretary Hay
spoke. At the election for Overseers on that day he led the poll.
On organizing in the following September, the Board made him
its president, a most unusual mark of confidence, because a new
member is seldom thought of for that office. During the ensu-
ing eleven years Governor Long was annually reelected, without
opposition, as president. On the completion of his first term of
six years as Overseer, he was immediately reelected, being nomi-
nated by certificate, in spite of the fact that a new rule required
a year's intermission between one term and another of an Over-

Governor Long not only fulfilled admirably the duties of presi-
dent, but he took an active part as a member of committees, and
he displayed much zeal and affection for the Alma Mater whom
he had regarded as an unsympathetic stepmother half a century
•before. His ability as a presiding officer can hardly be overrated.
As Speaker of the Massachusetts House of Kepresentatives in the
late seventies, he learned the rules which pertain to that office so
thoroughly that he was never surprised or puzzled by the spring-
ing up of a technical point. He directed an ordinary business
meeting with businesslike precision and despatch, guarding
against unnecessary talk, keeping the members to the subject
under discussion and applying the rules without favor. He was
dignified but always courteous, so that, although he allowed little
time to be wasted, he never failed in good humor; and if there
came a moment of tension, he relieved it by some good-natured
remark. As President of the Board of Overseers it fell to Gov-
ernor Long to induct Abbott Lawrence Lowell into the office of

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252 John Davis Long. [Deoember,

President of Harvard College, a duty which he performed with
memorable impressiveneas.

When his class celebrated their semi-centennial in 1907 the
sarvivors inevitably selected Governor Long to be their spcAns-
man, and he made the best of the thirty or more valedictories
which I have heard or read, a model of its kind, as this opening
paragraph will show :

I should be happy to speak for my claMmatet if I knew where they are. I
left them — it was only yesterday — clnstered in the College Yard, a merry,
brown-haired, beardless crowd of boys, with a college song on their lips and
the sunrise on tbeir faces, fiat all this forenoon I have been looking for them
and can find only a half-dozen, and even these have disguised themselves as
Rip Van Winkles in tbe last aet of that play. I am told that some of them are
off to the war, risking life for onion and freedom ; that some of them are saw-
iug the air in pulpit or court or forum, and that others are reaching up to make
their mark in letters or the professions or the industrial or business world.

I cannot find them. I am sure, however, that they are all here, a few with
their shields, though the rest are on them — all here are accoimted for, ready,
while their Alma Mater ealls the roll, to lay their record in her lap and hoping
to receive on their heads the pat of her benignant hand. Time would fail me
to do justice to the record of each of them ; it would be invidious to speak of
some of them and not of all. They have done the best they eould.^

Another Harvard distinction brightened the Indian summer of

Long's career, in which he enjoyed to the full.

That which should aeoompany old age,

As honor, love, obedienoe, troops of friends.

This was the presidency of the Phi Beta Kappa. He excelled alike
in introducing the orator and poet on the stage pf Sanders Theatre,
and in serving as toastmaster at the dinner in the Harvard Union.
His wit sharpened the wits of those whom he called up. He was
indeed an ideal toastmaster, adapting himself perfectly to the needs
of different occasions, and quite unrivalled, as far as my personal
observation goes, among the Massachusetts public men of the last
twenty years.

He had the satisfaction — and I believe that he greatly prised
it — of finding himself looked up to and appreciated by the Har-
vard constituency as one of the chief worthies of his generation,'
a graduate whose life work it crovmed with the highest honors it
can give.

^ Printed in fuU in the Harvard Oraduates' Maffoxine, September, 1907.

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1915.] From a Graduate's Window. 253


You need only look carefully into the world about you, in order
to realize that the same old tragedies and comedies are being
enacted. The dramatis personiB wear different cos- Bammn
tnmes — that is all. This is as true of the minutisB of "'**'* ^
erudition, as of the seemingly great affairs, — politics, and war,
religion and love.

Scholars have grown gray trying to detect and amend the text-
ual variants in the old codices. They have published disquisitions
on Shakespeare's text, or on Dante's, which, if heaped together,
would make Monadnock look like a wart. How could such errors
creep in? Who were the negligent copyists, the careless proof-

Alas, the same tendency to error prevails today. In proof, here
is an example, a trifle, if you choose to call it that, but quite repre-

Just ten years ago Mr. William L. Douglas was elected Gov-
ernor of Massachusetts. Other candidates were blessed with polit-
ical experience, partisan popularity, and the usual qualifications :
Mr. Douglas, so to speak, ran in his own shoes — and won. Dur-
ing the campaign it was rumored that Mr. Charles Francis Adams
and several of his kinsmen intended to support Mr. Douglas:
whereupon the following jingle, — author unidentified — went the

Here 's to MasBaohiuetts,

Home of the Saored God,
Where the AdamaeB Tote for Dong^laa

And the Gabots walk with God.

This simple statement of fact, setting forth the civic independence
and the God-fearing qualities of two Boston families, could hardly
be improved upon, whether for brevity, or comprehensiveness ; and
its catchy rhythm made it easy to remember.

But now observe how Error creeps in I At a recent gathering
of Yale brethren in Philadelphia, one of them, drawing a good-
natured contrast between Harvard and Yale — a Hamlet sort of
^^Look here, upon this picture, and on this" — summed up as fol-

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254 From a Graduate^ b Window. [December,

Harvard loquitur:

Yale loquitur :

I 'm from the town of Boston,
The home of the heui and the ood,
Where the LoweUs talk only with Caboti
And the Caboti talk only with God.

I 'm from the town of New Haven,

The City of Truth and Light,

Where God talks to Jones

In the very same tones

He uses to Hadley and Dwight.

Is there not a complete body of heresy in the stanza referring to
Harvard? An insinuation of exclusiveness not to be found in the
original ? And is there not more than a suggestion of irreverence
in the corrupt last line ? To ^* walk with God " is a devout habit,
which the verb to *^ talk " does not even faintly suggest.

And so the sensibilities of orthodox Harvard cannot fail to be
twinged by the picture which the Yale spokesman calls up. Error
has crept in. The text has become perverted. Does this perver-
sion correspond to a breaking down of old standards ? Only re-
cently somebody discovered that the Hebrew words on the Yale
seal don't mean ^^ Light and Truth," as was supposed, but '^ Farmr
ers and Blasphemers."

Why should the sacredness of the Cod be ignored, and the
common domestic Bean be introduced ? Why have the Adamses
been excluded ? Who is Jones, and why is he deified ?

The puzzle becomes too complicated! Let us leave it to the
textual critics. Let us commend it to the students of religious
atrophy. Perhaps even the experts on prosody ought to look into
it. But the fact is proved — Error will creep in. The pristine
truth of the original stanza must circulate henceforth with this
alloy of corruption.

N.B. Possibly our Yale brother merely intended to have fun
with us. He has had it — and we have enjoyed it, and are grate-

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1916.] W. R. Thayer's ''Life of John Hayr 256



A BIOOBAFHT of the first rank can only be written about a man
whose career warrants the book and by a man with the knowledge,
the training, and the gift of expression which will enable him to deal
in adequate fashion with the subject. It has been many years since

Online LibraryWilliam Richards Castle William Roscoe ThayerThe Harvard graduates' magazine → online text (page 35 of 103)