William Richards Castle William Roscoe Thayer.

The Harvard graduates' magazine online

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Lftw School, Total




Modloal School.
Fourth TMr










DoGton of PnhUe Health




QradnatM •








Third TMT


BmoB^TMUT 4.


Ffntyekr '. . '. \ \ '. \


UmiUMiflod .





Onnd Total in an Dopartmenta of the Unirerslty except Bad-
clilfe College and the Summer flohod . . . . .




* This number inohidee atodenU in thoee eonnee which are now giren at the Inatitato d Tech-
nology under joint aoapioee of the Unirenlty and the Inatltnte.

Digitized by


1916.] The Opening of the Year. 291

rale that all regular Btudents must be college graduates and, likewise,
that it has maintained in all branches of instmction an exceptionally
strict standard, the real merit of its achievement in getting together such
a substantial body of students will be readily apparent.

The Law School also shows a gain in numbers. It is now within striking
distance of having eight hundred students on its rolb. This year's enter-
ing class at the Law School numbers over three hundred, which is really
remarkable. The time has gone by when the entire first-year class can
be handled in a single section. Two or more sections are now necessary
in each of the important subjects of the first year, and even with this
arrangement rooms are pretty well filled.

Speaking of the Law School's increased enrolment, mention may also
be made of the fact that the graduates of Harvard College in that insti-
tution have made a much better relative showing this year in the elections
to the editorial board of the Law Eeview, Elections to this board, it
should be explained, are based wholly upon the results of the regular
Law School examinations. Three or four years ago the graduates of
Harvard College were not holding their own as compared with students
of other colleges in these Law Review appointments. Last year, how-
ever, considerable improvement was apparent, and this year the improve-
ment has been continued.

Occasionally one hears the suggestion that the Harvard Law School
is not maintaining its nation-wide reputation and not drawing from so
broad a constituency as it used to do. This may or may not
be so. It is something hard to determine by any statistics, ijw I

Certain it is, however, that, despite its stringent require- "'^
ments, the Law School manages to get more students almost every year.
Let it be borne in mind also that law schools in other parts of the coun-
try have made great improvements during the past few years, both in
equipment and in methods of teaching. It is no longer to be expected
that these schools will make a limited appeal in their own areas. If the
Harvard Law School fails to draw as many students as formerly from
the Middle West or West or South, this is not necessarily, or even prob-
ably, a sign of declining reputation. It may be, and probably is, due to an
ascending reputation on the part of other schools. In the graduate en-
rolment of the Law School this year (which means graduates of law
schools, not graduates of colleges), there are several professors from other
institutions. Eanzo Takayanagi, Professor of Law in the Imperial Uni-
versity of Tokyo, Japan, who is on leave of absence to study Anglo-
American Law, is taking the full three-years' course. P^fessor J. B.
Cheadle, Professor of Law in the University of Oklahoma and Exchange
Professor at Stanford University, Professor G. H. Robinson, Professor
of Law in Tolane University, New Orleans, and Professor A. E. Evans,

Digitized by


292 The Opening of the Year. [December,

of Washington State College, are stadying in the Jaw School for the de-
gree of Doctor of Liaw.

The rumor has apparently gone abroad through yarious newspapers
that a separate department for women has been established either by the
nt Btw Haryard Law School or by Radcliffe College this autumn.

^l^j^j^jJH^ Such is not the case. From time to time women have ap-
tor Womta plied to be admitted as regular students in the Haryard Law
School, but these requests have inyariably been declined. A few months
ago, howeyer, arrangements were made for the establishment of a " Cam-
bridge Law School for Women " and proyision was made for giying this
institution quarters in one of the Radcliffe buildings. The instruction is
giyen chiefly, but not entirely, by members of the Harvard Law School
staff, inclading Professor Beale, '82, and Mr. McLain, '13. One of the
courses, howeyer, is given by Professor Robinson of Tulane University,
who is spending this year, as above stated, in post-graduate study at the
Harvard Law School. The Cambridge Law School for Women has no
official connection with either Harvard or Radcliffe and, for the present
at least, it has no legal authority to confer degrees. What its future affili'
ation will be is a matter that has been left for the present entirely unde

A year ago the University adopted the policy of making public each
autumn a list of the candidates for admission whose records were of
Tt99n9Muj honor grade, together with the names of the schools from
'^^^^^ It?* which such honor men had been admitted to college. The

new departure was commended in some quarters, but se-
verely criticised in others. It was urged by some, for example, that the
publication of any such list was sure to create unwarranted impressions
concerning the relative efficiency of different preparatory schools. There
are undoubtedly dangers of this sort ; hence it is highly desirable that the
tabulation which the University has once again issued this autumn should
be accompanied by some words of warning and explanation.

In the first place, let it be pointed out that the University authorities
base no definite conclusions of any sort upon these statistics. They realize,
for example, that a school may make a large showing among honor men
admitted to Harvard College in one year and a small showing in the next,,
yet with no change in the school's own efficiency. Preparatory schools
have widely different material in the way of sub-freshmen to work upon.
The public high schools, particularly those at a distance from Cambridge,
for example, are apt to send only their best boys to the Harvard ad-
mission examinations, whereas a private preparatory school which makes
a specialty of fitting boys for Harvard must, in the nature of things, send
forward a group of mixed quality. Not infrequently, moreover, a boy
who takes the Harvard admission examinations has been prepared at

Digitized by



The Opening of the Year,


more than one school. These published honor lists take account only of
the school which he has last attended, but his earlier school may really
deserve the credit. And there are many other factors to be considered.

It is higlily desirable, of course, that when schools make a good show-
ing at the Harvard entrance examinations, these successes should be made
known. Both the University and the schools ought to know where our
most promising students, judged by admission examination standards, are
coming from year by year. On the other hand, it is altogether unfair and
futile to attempt comparisons between schools on the basis of these lists.
It is not the University's intention that the figures should be so used, and
this point ought to be made perfectly clear.

Here are the schools which have contributed to this year's Freshman
class at least three honor students. The total number of boys admitted
this autumn from each of these schools is also given. By way of explana-
tion, it ought to be added, perhaps, that Group I includes those candi-
dates for admission whose examination records were entirely satisfactory
under the New plan and who in at least two subjects were worthy of high-
est honors, also those who came in under the Old plan with entirely satis-
factory records and who received honor grades (A or B) in subjects count-
ing not less than thirteen units — that is to say, in more than three fourths
of their various examinations. Group II includes those who under the New
plan obtained highest honors in one subject and honorable mention in at
least one other or, alternatively, received honorable mention in at least
three of the New plan examinations. It also comprises those who, enter-
ing under the Old plan, received honor grades in at least nine units, that
is to say, in more than half of their subjects. The two groups comprise
a relatively small fraction of the entire Freshman class, namely, 77 out of
683. The requirements for admission to Group I are so strict, in fact, that
this year only 24 students managed to attain them. This number, how-
ever, is double that of last year. In the appended list the schools are given
in alphabetical order. The showing made by the Springfield (Mass.) Cen-
tral High School is certainly remarkable. Eight Freshmen were admitted


Bo«Um EnftUah High School .

BortOD Latin School . . . .

Cambridge High School .

Coantry Day School for Boys of Boaton

OroCoa School

MiddloMX School

Phillipa Exeter Academy

RozhafT Latin School . . . .

Springlleld Central High School .

St Markka School

fit. Faal«8 School


























Digitized by


294 The Opening of the Year. [December,

from this school and all obtained honor rank. The Interscholastic Trophy
which is offered annually by the Harvard Chapter of Phi Beta Kappa to
the school making the best record at the Harvard admission examinations
goes this year to Springfield.

Speaking of the admission reqnirements and closely relate<l matters,
attention should be called to a new arrangement which the University has
AeksBftiatk* this year made with the College Entrance Examination
MlitBMptiOTs B^ji^pd, Beginning next Jane, Harvard will abandon the
practice of preparing its own entrance examination papers. The Univer-
sity will henceforth provide papers neither for tiie New nor for the
Old plan examinations. Instead of so doing, it will use the ordinary
papers of the college entrance board for admission under the Old plan,
and the board will provide a special set of papers to be called ^^ compre-
hensive examinations " for the use of students who wish to enter Harvard
under the New plan. Since the college entrance board conducts examina-
tions in June only, it will still be necessary for the University to retain
its own examinations in September and to provide its own papers for use
at that time. That, however, is a relatively small matter ; the great bur-
den of examining students for entrance has always come in June.

What is the significance of this new arrangement ? In the first place,
it will relieve many Harvard instructors of what has always been a time-
consuming and troublesome burden, namely, that of preparing entrance
examination papers. In recent years some departments have had to make
ready as many as a dozen of these papers, counting both June and Sep-
tember examinations and the requirement of different papers for use
under the two schemes of admission. Nor could a task of this sort be per-
formed in a purely perfunctory way. Instructors have had to bear in
mind that these papers would be scrutinized carefully by teachers in scores
of preparatory schools and that any errors of judgment would undoubtedly
entail a good deal of criticism. Making an entrance examination paper is,
after aU, about as bothersome a job as any that comes up during the coarse
of a college year. Too often, unfortunately, the work of preparing these
papers has been regarded by departments as a roatine chore to be pat
upon some hapless young instructor who could not well decline it. The
result has been that our admission papers have not invariably been all
that could have been desired. Not infrequendy they have failed to articu-
late with the actual teaching of subjects in the schools, particularly in the
public high schools. No other outcome could well have been expected in
view of the fact that the instructors who were delegated to prepare these
entrance papers often lacked any intimate knowledge of what the schools
were doing.

Under the new arrangements there will no doubt be a considerable
improvement in this regard. Harvard instructors will welcome relief from

Digitized by


1915.] 2%6 Opening of the Fear. 295

the necessity of prepaxing papers, doubtless, bat more important still is
the fact that the work will certainly be done in a way which will be more
satisfactory to the schoob. This does not mean, let it be added, that
entrance examination papers will call for more originality or serve bet-
ter the purpose of testing a candidate's real quality. Quite the reverse.
The board's papers will doubtless continue to be, as they largely have
been in the past, mechanical, carefully balanced, laborious productions
^''wooden" papers, as they have sometimes been called. They will,
however, suit school teachers better, and that is the main thing. In pre-
paring the board's papers at least one school teacher is on every com-
mittee, and it will be his business to see, presumably, that the questions
asked are those on which the average school teacher is likely to have
been prepared.

There will be various other advantages, — for example, in the fact that
the board examinations are held in about two hundred different places
throughout the country, whereas Harvard examinations have been con-
ducted at about forty different points only. This greater geographical
accessibility of the New plan examinations may tend to popularize them.

Looking back over the last half-dozen years, one can realize the re-
markable progress which Harvard has made in the way of adapting its
admission requirements to new conditions. Six years i^ we had only
the Old plan of admission, with its elaborate system of scoring by points,
its lack of reasonable flexibility, and its heavy premiums in favor of the
boy who came from the Harvard fitting school. In the interval, the New
plan has come into operation and has become thoroughly familiar to the
schools. The Old plan has been considerably remodeled until it is itself
a far better scheme of admission than it was a few years ago. Now comes
the adoption of the board papers for both plans of admission. Surely
this is evidence that Harvard has been neither indifferent nor stubborn
in admission matters.

Under the arrangement made some years ago with the various other
colleges of the Boston metropolitan district, Harvard is providing certain
extension courses during the present winter. Most of this miiay,ia»B«.
instruction is being given in Boston, but a part of it is con- tmslaii pr»-
ducted at the various University laboratories in Cambridge.
For the benefit of school teachers and others who are not free during the
morning and early afternoon hours, practically all the courses are held
in the evening or late afternoon. A nominal fee is charged for admission
to each course. The methods and requirements for credit are exactly the
same as those of corresponding courses regularly given at the University.
The following is the list of courses given by Harvard instructors : Super-
vision of Teaching in Elementary Schools, Profs. Ernest G. Moore

Digitized by


296 The Opening of the Year. [December,

and Heniy W. Holmes, '03 ; Teaching in Secondary Schools, Prof. A. J.
Inglis ; Elementary English Composition, Mr. F. W. C. Hersey, '99 ;
The History and Analysis of the Drama, Prof. 6. P. Baker, '87 ; John-
son, his Circle, and the Clab, Prof. C. T. Copeland, '82 ; Egyptian Art,
Prof. G. A. Reisner, '89 ; Introdnction to Ethics, Prof. Josiah Boyce,
h '11 ; Physiological Botany, Prof. W. J. Osterhoat ; Zoology, Prof. G. H.
Parker, '87.

Jens Iverson Westengard, I '98, has been appointed Bemis Professor
of International Law, thereby filling the chair which has been vacant
since the death of Prof. E. H. Strobel, '77, several years
ago. From 1898 to 1903 Professor Westengard was a mem-
ber of the Harvard Law School staff, bat since the latter year he has
served, first, as assistant general adviser and, later, as general adviser to
His Siamese Majesty's government, with the rank of Minister Plenipo-
tentiary. In 1911 Professor Westengard represented Siam as a member
of the Hague Arbitration Court. Melvin T. Copeland, g '07, of the
Graduate School of Business Administration, has been promoted to be
Assistant Professor of Marketing. Dr. Copeland received his A.B. from
Bowdoin in 1906 and his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1910. For some time
he has been instructor in the Graduate School of Business Administra-
tion at Harvard.

Frederick Law Olmsted, '94, who has held, since 1903, the Charles
Eliot Professorship of Landscape Architecture at Harvard, tendered his
resignation, to take effect on October 1, 1915. Edward Cor-
nelius Bnggs, d '78, Professor of Dental Materia Medica
and Therapeutics, retired from academic work at the beginning of the
present academic year and was granted the rank of Professor Emeritus.
Frederick Jesup Stimson, '76, Professor of Comparative Legislation, who
has been absent for a year or more while serving as Ambassador of the
United States to the Argentine Republic, also tendered his resignation.
It was accepted by the Corporation.

The Harvard Cooperative Society's annual report for 1914-15 shows
an increase of total business for the year, due mainly to various univer-
Tk« Oo«p«n- sity contracts (chiefly the contract for furnishing the Fresh-
wI&'tmIiSo^ ™^^ dormitories) which were handled by the University.
*i7 The regular business of the society, on the other hand,

shows a decline of about $18,000. A dividend of seven per cent was de-
clared on the year's business and this will involve the payment of about
$15,000 to members of the society. During the last six years the Cooper-
ative Society has paid out in dividends nearly $100,000.

A significant item in the society's annual report is that which announces
a forthcoming merger with the Cooperative Society of the Institute of

Digitized by



Corporation Records.


Technology. For many years the Technology Btudents have had a co-
operative society and have maintained a small store ; hut the husiness has
not grown appreciahly, and in connection with the removal of the Insti-
tute to Cambridge some reorganization seemed desirable. Next autumn
the Technology society will go out of existence. A branch store of the
Harvard Cooperative Society will be opened near the new Tech build-
ings in Cambridge, and all members of the Institute will be eligible to
join the Harvard Cooperative Society. This arrangement ought to give
the Harvard CoOp. nearly a thousand additional members together with
a large increase in business.

The James Gordon Bennett Prize for 1914^1915 has been awarded
to Marion Hobart Reynolds, '15, of North Bend, Oregon, for an essay
entitled ^^ Japanese Emigration to the United States." — MlMtllABMas
Two new clubs which have been formed at the University ■"* P«n««l
this autumn are the International Polity Club and '' The Old Bailey."
The latter is composed of about fifty second-year men in the Law School,
all of them having come to the School from distant parts of the country. -^
Registration at Memorial Hall dining-rooms has this year eclipsed all its
former records. Two years ago the figure reached the height of 1023 ;
this year more than 1100 students are registered on its books. — The
Harvard School of Landscape Architecture has received a gold medal
as the award for its exhibition of drawings, etc., which formed part of
the exhibit in the section of the Panama-Pacific Exposition at San Fran-
cisco which was devoted to the Fine Arts.


Meeting of September 97, 1915.

The following letter was presented:
June 24, 1915.
A. Lawrence Lowell, Esq.,

President, Harvard Univeraity.

Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Dbab Mr. Lowkll:

As Chairman of the Twenty-Fifth Anniver-
sary Fund Committee — Harvard College
Class of 1800, I hand you herewith check of
the Committee drawn on the American Trust
Company for $80,000.

In addition to this the Committee has on
hand subscriptions which it believes to be good
for $20,000 more, making in all $100,000. A
very large portion of these $20,000 subscrip-
tions is payable by instalments, some of which
do not come due until approximately three
years from date. As the money is received it
will be paid over to the University.

The Class of 1800 takes great pleasure in
making this gift to the College.
Very truly yours,
(Signed) Robert F. Herrick,


And it was thereupon Voted that the
President and Fellows desire to express
their gratitude to the Class of 1890 for
this generous and welcome gift, and that
the Class of 1890 Fund be established in
the records and accounts of the Univer-
sity, the income to be used for the gen-
eral purposes of Harvard College.

The Treasurer reported the following
receipts and the same were gratefully

From the executor of the will of WilUam
Endicott $25,000, "the income only to be
used for the purposes of the Cancer Commis-
sion of Harvard Univeraity."

Digitized by



CarporatUm Records.


F^om Chftrlei W. Moaeley, ■unriving eseeo-
tor of the will ol JuU* M. MoMley, and acting
und«r dnuM 22 of aaid will, Mcuritiea valued
mt $23»260 for the following purpoees and aub-
jeot to the following terms and conditions:

"Ftrd. To manage the same as capital of
a trust fund to be known as the 'Julia M.
Moseley Fund' with full power to sell said
property and invest and reinvest the proceeds
thereof, changing investments as it shall deem

"Second. To pay the income of said fund for
the work in the City of Boston of the Cancer
Commission of Harvard University.

"Third. If the purposes of said Cancer
Commission of said Harvard University shall
have been accomplished or if the work of that
Commiiaion shall for any reason be discontin-
ued, then, and in that event, to pay the income
of said fund for research work in the City of
Boston upon other unsolved problems of medi-

From William A. Qaston, ^eeutor under
the will of Sarah H. Gaston, $5000, to be
used as a Scholarship Fund, to be known as
the "William Qaston Scholarship," the same
to be a memorial of her late father, William

From the trustees under the will of Miss
Harriet N. Lowell, $2000, the semi-annual
payment on account of her bequest, to be
divided equally between surgieid pathology
in the Medical 8eho<4 and surgery and surgi-
cal pathology in the Dental School.

From the estate of James L. Whitney $23.07
additional in accordance with the twelfth
clause in his will, for the benefit of the Whit-
ney Library in the Museum of Comparative

Fotoi that the President and Fellows
desire to express their gratitude to the
following persons for their generous

To the Class of 1888 for the gift of $7000,
to be added to the principal of the Twenty-
fifth Anniversary Fund of that Class.

To Mr. Arthur T. Lyman for his gift of
$10,000, to be added to the principal of the
Arthur T. Lyman Fund.

To an anonymous friend for the gift of
$4000, to Mrs. W. Scott Fits for her gift of
$1000, to Mrs. Ernest B. Dane and Mr. Felix
M. Warburg for their gifts of $500 each and to
two anonymous friends for their gifts of $100
each for the purchase of a portrait by Van
Dyck f OT the Fogg Art Museum.

To the Class of 1863 for their gift of $5168.35.
to establish "The Scholarahip Fund of the
Class of 1863," to be held upon the following
terms: "The principal to be invested by itself
or as a part of the General Fund of the College,
and the income to be used in aid of any needy
student or students of the Collie, preference
being given to any application for aid made

by a de s cen d ant of a member of the Class ol

To an anonymous friend for the gift of
$5000 on acoount of his offer of $26/)00 to es-
tablish the Charles W. Eliot Travding Fellow-
ship in Landscape Architecture.

To the chiklren of the late Norwood Pen-
rose HalloweU, of the Class of 1861 for their

Online LibraryWilliam Richards Castle William Roscoe ThayerThe Harvard graduates' magazine → online text (page 40 of 103)