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William Richards Castle William Roscoe Thayer.

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Rumors of that vast music which resolves
Our discords, and to this, to this attuned.
Though blindly, it responds, in notes like these ;

There was a song in heaven of old,

A song the choral seven began.
When God with all his chariots rolled

The tides of chaos back for man ;
When suns revolved and planets wheeled,

And the great oceans ebbed and flowed,
There is one way of life, it pealed,

The road of law, the unchanging road«

The Trumpet of the Law resounds.

And we behold, from depth to height,
What glittering sentries walk their rounds,

What ordered hosts patrol the night.
While wheeling worlds proclaim to us,

Captained by Thee thro' nights unknown, -*
Glori/ that would be glorious

Must keep Thy law to find its own.

Beyond rebellion, past caprice,

From heavens that comprehend all change,
All space, all time, till time shall cease.

The Trumpet rings to souls that range.
To souls that in wild dreams annul

Thy word, confessed by wood and stone, —
Beauty that would he beautiful

Must keep Thy law to find its oum.



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42 TU Phi Beta Kappa Poem. [September,

He that can shake it, will he thrast

His careless hands into th^ fire ?
He that would break it, shall we trust

The sun to rise at his desire ?
Constant above our discontent,

The Trumpet peals in sterner tone, —
Might that wimld be omnipotent

Must keep Thy law to find its own.

Ah, though beneath unpitying spheres

Unreckoned seems our human cry,
In Thy deep law, beyond the years,

Abides the Eternal memory.
Thy law is light, to eyes grown dull

Dreaming of worlds like bubbles blown ;
And Mercy that is merciful

Shall keep Thy law and find its own.

Unchanging Grod, by that one Light

Through which we grope to Truth and Thee,
Confound not yet our day with night,

Break not the measures of thy sea.
Hear not, though grief for chaos cry

Or rail at Thine unanswering throne.
Thy law J Thy law, is Liberty,

And in Thy law we find our own.

So, to XTranian music, rose our world.

The boughs put forth, the young leaves groped for light.

The wild flower spread its petals as in prayer.

Then, for terrestrial ears, vast discords rose.

The struggle in the jungle, clashing themes

That strove for mastery ; but above them all,

£ver the mightier measure of Uie suns

Resolved them into broader harmonies.

That fought again for mastery. The night

Buried the mastodon. The warring tribes

Of men were merged in nations. Wider laws

Embraced them. Man no longer fought with man,

Though nation warred with nation. Hatred fell

Before the g^ze of love. For in an hour

When, by the law of might, mankind could rise



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1915.] The Phi Beta Kappa Poem. 43

No higher, into the deepening music stole,
A loftier theme, a law Uiat gathered all
The laws of earth into its hroadening hreaai
And moved like one fall riyer to the sea,
The law of Love.

The snn stood dark at noon ;
Dark as the moon before this mightier Power,
And a Yoiee rang across the blood-stained earth
/ am the Way, the Truth, the Life, the Light.
We heard it, and we did not hear. In dreams
We caught a thousand fragments of the strain,
Bat never wholly heard it. Yet we moved
Obeying it a litde, till oar world
Became so vast, that we coald only hear
Stray notes, a golden phrase, a sorrowful cry,
Never the rounded glory of the whole.
So one would sing of death, one of despair,
And one, knowing that Grod was more than man.
Knowing that the Eternal Power behind
Our universe was more than man, would shrink
From crowning him with human attributes.
Though these remained the highest that we knew ;
And therefore, falling back on lower signs,
Bereft of love, thought, personality,
They made him less than man ; made him a blind
Unweeting force, less than the best in man,
Less than the best that He himself had made.

Yet, though from earth we could no longer hear

As from a central throne, the harmonies

Of the revolving whole ; yet though from earth,

And from earth's Calvary, the central scene

Withdrew to dreadful depths beyond our ken ;

Withdrew to some deep Calvary at the heart

Of all creation ; yet, yet, we heard.

Echoes that murmured from Eternity,

/ am the Way, the Truth, the Life, the Light.

And still the eternal passion nndiscemed

Moved like a purple shadow through our world.

While we, in intellectual chaos, raised

The ancient cry. Not this man, hut BaraJbbae.

Then Might grew Right once more, for who could hold



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44 The Phi Beta Kappa Poem. [September,

The Kght, when the rebellions hearts of men
Finding the Law too hard in life, thought, art,
Proclaimed that Right itself was bom of chance,
Bom oat of nothingness and doomed, at last.
To nothingness ; while all that men haye held
Better than dust — love, honor, justice, truth— «
Was less than dust, for the blind dust endures ;
But love, they said, and the proud soul of man,
Die with the breath, before the flesh decays.
And still, amidst the chaos. Love was bom.
Suffered and died ; and in a myriad forms
A myriad parables of the Eternal Christ
Unfolded their deep message to mankind*
So, on this last wild winter of his birth,
Though cannon rocked his cradle, heaven might hear,
Once more, the Mother and her infant child.

WUl the Five Cloek-Towers ehime tonight?

*- Child, the red earth would shake with scorn. —
But will the Emperors laugh outright f

If Roland rings that Christ is bom f

No belfries pealed for lliat pure birth.

There were no higl^stalled choirs to sing.
The blood of children smoked on earth ;

For Herod, in those days, was king. —

O, then the Mother and her Son

Were refitgees that Christmas j toof-^
Through all the ages, little one.

That strange old story still comes tme.-*

Was there no peace in Bethlehemf-^

Yes. There was Love in one poor Inn ;
And, while His wings were over them.

They heard those deeper songs begin. -«

WhcU songs were they f What songs were they f
Bid stars of shrapnel shed their light i^-'

O, little child, I have lost the way.
I cannot find that Inn tonight. — •



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1916-] . The Phi Beta ITappa Poem. 46

1$ there no peace, then, anywhere f —

Perhaps, where some poor soldier lies
With all his woands in front, out there. —

You weep f — He had your innocent eyes* —

Then is ii true that Christ *s a slave,

Whom all these wrongs can never roused -^

They said it But His anger drave

Hie money-changers from His House. .^

Yet He forgave and turned away. —

Yes, unto seventy times and seven.
But they forget. He comes one day

In power, among the clouds of heaven. •-•

Then Roland ringed — Yes, little soni
With iron hammers they dare not scorn,

Boland is breaking them, gan by gun,
Roland is ringing. Christ is bom*

Yes, Christ is bom ; for though the Christ we knew
On earth be dead for ever, who shall kill
The Eternal Christ whose law is in our hearts,
Christ, who in this dark hour descends to hell,
And ascends into heaven, and sits beside
The right hand of the Father. If for men
His law be dead, it lives for children stiU.
Children that men have butchered see His face,
Best in His arms, and strike our mockery dumb.
So shall the trampet of the law resound
Through all the ages, telling of that child
Whose outstretched arms in Belgium speak for God.

They crucified a man of old,

The thorns are shriveled on his brow*
Prophet or fool or God, behold,

They crucify thy children now.
They doubted evil, doubted good.

And the eternal heavens as weU,
Behold, the iron and the blood,

The visible handiwork of HelL



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46 The Phi Beta Kappa Poem. [September,

Fast to the cross they found it there,

They found it in the village street,
A naked child, with snnkissed hair.

The nails were through its hands and feet
For Christ was dead, yes, Christ was dead I

O Lamh of God, O little one,
I kneel hef ore yonr cross instead

And the same shadow Toils the snn. . • •

And the same shadow veils the son.

And they who did this deed, had they been wronged,

Were offered justice, and not once, nor twice,

But many times ; and they rejected it—

Rejected it again and yet again

For this, to ^ughter and to crucify.

O, yet in this dark hour of agony

Those thin sad outstretched arms conquer the world.

And we helieve, help Thou our unbelief,

That (since the noblest part of man is less

Than God from Whom it came, to Whom it goes)

There is a Power above the mightiest State,

The unconquerable minister of law

Which shall dispense the justice they denied

And show the mercy that they have not shown.

And you, O land, O beautiful land of Freedom,
Hold fast the faith which made and keeps yon great
With you, with you abide the faith and hope.
In this dark hour, of agonized mankind.
Hold to that law whereby the warring tribes
Were merged in nations, hold to that wide law
Which bids you merge the nations, here and now.
Into one people. Hold to that deep law
Whereby we reach the peace which is not death
But the triumphant harmony of Life,
Eternal Life, immortal Love, the Peace
Of worlds that sing around the throne of God.



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1915.] The MedicBvalism of an American College. 47



THE MEDLffiVALISM OF AN AMERICAN COLLEGE.

CoMMBKGEMBNT Day at Harvard iniist necessarily bring to Alumni
many memories and associations bound up with their youthful remem-
brance. A stranger can never fully share in this experience, even though
the sympathetic memory of a similar boyhood may take him a long way
towards an understanding comprehension. Nevertheless for this very
reason he is perhaps able to see more clearly than Alumni themselves
some of the things which distinguish Commencement at an American
college from parallel occasions in a European university. In any case,
the Commencement of 1915 was for me a revelation into the heart of
Harvard, and brought together into one many threads of feeling of which
I had been more or less vaguely conscious during the past year.

If one compares Harvitfd Commencement with the Dies of a Dutch
university or even with Commemoration at Oxford, two things emerge as
representing points in which the American college of today has an advan-
tage over anything which exists in Europe at the present time, and the
historical imagination is reminded by them of the Middle Ages, when
the great universities of the Old World were in the full power of their
youth. These things are the consciousness of the Alumni of their mem-
bership in the University, and the spirit of religion — in the best sense
of the word — which inspires the corporate consciousness of the College.

The procession of Alumni at Commencement Day is a unique thing.
In Oxford at Commemoration there is a procession which is more splen-
did in ceremony and more brilliant to the eye, but it is short and official,
consisting of the members of the faculty and the guests whom they desire
to honor. In the same way in Leiden at the Dies, on the 8th of February
(which corresponds to Commencement), there is indeed a procession —
in this case neither splendid nor brilliant, — but entirely confined to
professors and curators. In America alone it is recognized both in act
and in words that the University is the whole body of Alumni through-
out the world, and that Harvard or any other of its peers is a living
organism which cannot be expressed in terms of buildings. It is because
of this consciousness that the American Alumni do so much to support
their colleges. To Americans this may seem natural — O fortunatos
nimium sua si bona norint — but English Universities envy them for it
more than anything else. In England a man remains a member of the
'^ Convocation " of the university so long as he pays his dues, but the
result of the dues system is the growth of the fatal feeling that that is
all which is required. It always seems to me that the Oxford custom
of charging Alumni $2.50 a year is inadequate finance and bad senti-



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48 The MedicBvalism of an American College. [September,

ment. Bat in the Middle Ages the spirit was dijfferent, and it is a very
remarkahle thing how medi»yal America is in this respect. The great
donations which American colleges receive correspond in spirit and in
purpose with those of our <' founders and benefactors " at Oxford, and
Mrs. Widener is the modem analogue of Sir Thomas Bodley.

When Commencement Day was over one of those who had received
an honorary degree remarked, " I feel as though I had been ordained."
That was the very happy expression of the feeing which seemed to be
present, not only among those who received honorary degrees but quite
as obviously among those who were taking the ordinary A.B. The
College man seems impressed to a wonderful extent with a lively sense
that he has been called with a great vocation. To most of them this is
much more vivid than the feeling that they have received some sort of
teaching which will be useful to them in their personal careers. This is
religion, even if it be not formulated in terms of traditional theology,
and be independent of any church, though opposed to none. It is the
recognition of responsibility to a Purpose in life external to ourselves, as
well as inmianent within us, which we dare not ignore, though we can-
not define ; it is animated by a faith which trusts in its g^uidance, and is
supported by the lively sense of the obligation to be loyal to our fathers,
and to prepare the way for the generations that are yet to come. So also
it was in the Middle Ag^s, which recognized the religions nature of all
learning by the concession of clerical rank to all scholars. The college
men or women of today can rarely speak or understand the language of
the Middle Ages, but they seem often to have been " stung by the splen-
dour " of the same thought as inflamed the hearts of the men of those
days. To many of them graduation is an act of ordination with a clearer
sanction, opening a wider field of service, than ever was given to the
young g^raduate in the Middle Ages when he was promoted to his degree
*' in nomine Fatris et Filii et Spiritus sancti."

It is the fashion, especially among those whose pride in the present is
greater than their knowledge of the past, to regard the Middle Ages as
a synonym for stagnation, and ^' Medieval " as a term of reproach, but
the truth is rather that the spirit of the Middle Ages was extraordinarily
progressive, and that the work done by the benefactors of Oxford and
Cambridge was the necessary foundation for modem society. They were
men inspired by a love of religion, coupled with a distrust of those who
arrogated its name to the monastic orders, and while founding great in-
stitutions they subordinated their preservation to the propagation of prin-
ciples. They stood on the threshold of a New Age, and by their faith
they saved their country from the loss either of learning in the hour of
political convulsion, or of religion in the day of theological bankruptcy.



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1916.] iVewj Boohs. 49

Life at the present time shows signs of a retom to some of the condi-
tions of those troabled days, and it is not a small thing for the future
of this country that the American College has so marked an element of
the victorious spirit of the Middle Ages, though it has so little of their
outward trappings.

jr. Lake.



NEW BOOKS.



THB QXTINQUIENNIAL.

Thb new Harvard Quinquennial Catalogue is out A copy of it lies
before us, clean, neat, attractive. It is the same old book, not much
changed except in size, for this edition contains 5188 more names of
graduates, with 5223 more degrees, and occupying 137 more pages of
matter than did the preceding edition. To the lover of fiction who is
interested merely in stories, it is as unattractive as ever. To the recent
graduate who sees therein his name for the first time, it is exceedingly
attractive. To the statistician who wishes to know about the University
what figures alone can show, it is invaluable. To the graduate who loves
his Alma Mater and that for which she stands, the book is an object of
veneration.

The index of graduates presents several matters of interest. It includes
7967 surnames, from the Siamese Aab, who possesses no given name, to
the German Zllllig. The names range in length from 2 letters, in the
case of Ng and the Chinese Ho, Hn, Ju, li, Lo, and Ma, to 16 letters,
in the case of the only pure-blooded Indian ever graduated from Har-
vard, Cheeshahteaumuck. There b one hyphenated name 15 letters in
length, Baines-Oriffiths, and two foreign names containing 14 letters
each, Bamachandrayya, an East Indian, and Schereschewsky, a Pole.

That Harvard is cosmopolitan is evidenced by the fact that names of the
leading nationalities appear on her rolls. Intermixed with such pure Anglo-
Saxon names as Ames, Adams, Smith, and White, occur the Scotch Fitz-
hugh, Macbeth, and MacGregor ; the Irish Mahoney, Murphy, Donahue,
O'Brien, and Patrick ; the French Bdcher, De Blanc, Du Bois, and La
Fayette ; the German Althoff, Bach, Feld, Elein, and Lichtenstein ; the
Spanish Diaz, Ofiativia, and Santayana ; the Italian Abmzzi, Goggio,
Lanciani, and Verdi ; the Dutch Van Daell, Van Wie, van*t Hoff , and
Roosevelt ; the Danish Jungersen and Kapteyn ; the Swedish Arvedson,
Enebuske, and Lindh ; the Norwegian Thorvaldson ; the Russian Vino-
gradoff, Panin, Tschitschkan, Tsanoff ; the Polish Schereschewsky ; the
Hungarian GyOrgy and Boros; the Bulgarian Kazanjieff; the Greek



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50 New Books. [September,

Kalopathakes and Sophocles; the Turkish SavTidis; the Armenutn
Adamian, Halladjian, and Kazanzian ; the Chinese Chang, Chin, Li, and
Yeh; the Japanese Kaneko, Hisa, Eikkawa, and Eomara ; the East
Indian Bamji and Ramachandrayya ; the American Indian Cheeshah-
teaamack; and the Jewish Solomon, Moses, Nathan, and Samuels.

Many interesting groaps of names appear. The seasons are repre-
sented by Fall, Winter, Spring, and Summers ; the points of the com-
pass by South, West, North, and Easton ; and the calendar by Janvier,
May, August, Day, Noon, and Weeks. The countries mentioned are
England, France, Holland, Ireland, Poland, Prussia, and Wales, while the
nationalities are Austrian, Dane, Deutsch, Dutch, English, Frank, French,
Hun, Irish, Prussian, and Welsh. The colors mentioned are White,
Weiss, Blanc, Black, Schwartz, Brown, Gray, Green, Scarlett, Roth, and
Reddy. The letters of the alphabet spelled out are See, Dee, Gee, Jee,
Jay, Kay, Ells, Kew, Wye, and Zee. The European war is recalled by the
names of Battles, Fite, Shott, Camp, Cannon, Spear, Shields, Sergeant,
Flagg, Fleet, Ship, Mast, Ensign, and Steel. The Catalogue mentions
no one by the name of Harvard, but does make mention of one graduate
by the name of Yale.

The statistics show how thoroughly Harvard its graduates are. Ap-
proximately 45 per cent of the graduates hold but one university degree,
and that from Harvard ; 30 per cent hold two or more degrees from
Harvard ; and nearly 75 per cent hold degrees from no other institution.
In other words, only about one fourth of the graduates of Harvard owe
allegiance to any other college. This is shown most strongly in the gradu-
ates of the College and of the Graduate School. Of the former 85 per
cent hold degrees from Harvard alone, while of the latter only 35 per
cent, thus showing that the Graduate School is patronized largely by
graduates of other colleges.

If the number of degrees a man holds is an index of the esteem in
which he is held by the educated community, then the Hon. James Bryce
is the most illustrious of those who have received degrees from Harvard,
for he holds 28 degrees. His Harvard degrees, however, are honorary.
The genuine Harvard graduate who has received the largest number of
degrees is Col. Roosevelt, A.B. 1880, upon whom have been conferred
19 degrees. And incidentally it may be noted that the three leading po-
litical parties in the presidential campaign three years ago were led by
holders of the Harvard LL.D. degree : Roosevelt having received his in
1902, Taft in 1905, and Wilson in 1907.

Several of the graduates of Harvard hold doctors' degrees only, but
the largest number of such was held by Prof. James, M.D. 1869, upon
whom have been conferred 9. The largest number of different degrees



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1915.] New Books. 61

u held by Frof . Richards, A.B. 1886, — 8. It is a qaestion, however,
whether Neweomb, S.B. 1858, should not be recorded as holding the
same namber. The instances in which men have received the same degree
from different colleges are frequent The degree thus duplicated the
greatest number of times is that of LL.D. Roosevelt has received it
from 14 different colleges. In this respect, he is exceeded by Bryce alone
who has received it from 21 institutions.

The number of degrees granted out of course numbers 1916. 1275, or
almost exactly two thirds of these, are A.B. deg^rees, and 721, or more
than one half of the latter, were granted in the year following the gradu-
ation of the class of which the holder was a member, and most of the
remainder were granted within 5 years of the graduation of the class.
One was granted 60 years, one 68 years, and one 80 years after the
graduation of their respective classes, and 8 have had their names placed
on the alumni roll after their death. The name of Paine, who died in
1863, was in 1904 enrolled among the graduates of the Class of 1865.

From a table on p. 115, it appears that the number of different de-
grees granted by Harvard is 31. It seems strange that the maximum
number of Harvard degrees ever held by any one person is 5, and that
only one person can lay claim to this honor, and that he graduated from
the College as far back as 1796.

The number of honorary degrees conferred by Harvard has been 1390,
of which 516, or 37 per cent, have been on her own graduates. Groodwin^
A.B. 1851, and Bancroft, A.B. 1817, each received the degree of Fh.D.
from Gi)ttingen twice, the first time for actual work performed in the halls
of that university, and the second time as an honorary degree, conferred
50 years later, the only graduates from Harvard thus honored by any
educational institution.

It used to be a common practice for g^raduates of other colleges to en-
ter advanced classes in Harvard and receive the Harvard degree of A.B.,
after one or two years of work. This custom is disappearing of late.
Previous to 1827, Uiere were 55 such cases, from 1827 to 1845, there was
none, and since 1845, 577 holders of A.B., 44 of Ph.B., and 18 of LittB.
degrees granted by other institutions have later taken the Harvard A.K
On the other hand, there are but 15 cases in which Harvard College
graduates have taken an A.B., from any other institution after taking
the Harvard degree of A.B., and all were taken from English universi-
ties, — 3 from Cambridge and 12 from Oxford.

Students rarely graduate from Harvard College after graduating from
the Harvard professional schools. There are only 4 such cases : 2 in law
and 1 each in medicine and theology, and 3 of these 4 had already gradu-
ated from some other college before taking their professional course.



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52 New Books. [September,

There are 3 instances where Harrard Dirinity graduates are also grado'
ates of other Harvard professional schools : 2 from the Law School and 1
from the Medical.

The Catalogue calls attention to many cariosities in the granting of de-
grees. The change in the meaning and the yalae of the A.M. degree is
noteworthy. Until 1870, any graduate of Harvard College of three years'
standing could, on payment of $3 or $5 into the College treasury, receive
the degree of A.M., without examination or producing any evidence of
fitness to receive the same. For the last 45 years, however, the A.M. de-
gi'ee has been conferred only after one year of study followed by an
examination. So little was it valued at first that, although 64 per cent of
all graduating before 1870 had taken the A.M. degree, only 2 of the 131
graduates of the Class of 1870 cared to spend a year in studying for it
and they only after graduation from the Law School.

Another practice which ended in 1829 was the granting of the ad eun-
dum degree, i.e., conferring upon any applicant without examination the
same degree that he had previously received from another institution. Li
all, 196 such degrees were conferred by Harvard : 34 A.B., 159 A.M.,
and 3 M.D. As a result Harvard carries on her rolls the names of Daniel



Online LibraryWilliam Richards Castle William Roscoe ThayerThe Harvard graduates' magazine → online text (page 6 of 103)