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writer, sixty thousand persons congregated together. MS. C.C.C.C.
No. 70. See our Chronicle, p. 8.

P> 3, 1. 2. Omnis iniquitatis auctore. Nearly the same expression is



NOTES. 115

used by the author of the Ramsey fragment: " Ut (licit Ysaias,
Iratus sum super populum meum, contaminavi heereditatem meant ; * quod
utique tempore regis Henrici tertii terrae Anglicanae nullus ambigit
evenisse. Cum enim prsedictus rex totius Angliae monarchiam XLVII.
annorum curriculis summa videretur pace rexisse, tandem, instigante
diabolo, inter regem proceresque suos pro statutis Oxoniae dirimendis
praestigialis est orta dissentio." MS. Cotton. Otho, D. vm. fol. 214,
r. Perhaps the following is a sensible view of the case : " Wherein
we see what effects it wrought, how no side got but misery and vexa-
tion ; whilst the one struggled to doe more than it should, and the
other to doe lesse than it ought, they both had the worst, according
to the usuall events of such imbroylements." Daniel's Collection of
the Historic of England, fol. Lond. 1617, p. 155. See also Nicolas's
London Chronicle, p. 20.

P. 3, 1. 12. Regno quoque. This sentence, to the end of the para-
graph, is most probably a quotation from some charter.

I. 22. Floruerunt autem. I insert here the following extract

from Taxter's Chronicle, although perhaps it more properly be-
longs to p. 8 :

" Hiis diebus, fratres regis Pictavenses, et parentes reginae Sau-
veienses, et etiam regina Angliae, unusquisque ubi dominabantur
tirannides regias intollerabiliter excercentes, proceres regni contra
eos exacuerunt. Unde post Pascham convenientibus cunctis proceri-
bus Angliae apud Oxoneford, promulgata sunt statuta quaedam, ut
dicebatur, ad exaltationem ecclesiastics libertatis et regiae coronae, et
etiam ad utilitatem totius regni Angliae, praesente domino rege et
ejus filio primogenito Edwardo, qui dictis statutis sigilli regii et
sacramenti auctoritate assensum praebuerunt, licet inviti. Proceres
enim regni sacramento et obligatione inter se condixerunt, quod pro
dictorum statutorum observatione, si necesse foret, morti se expone-

* Cap. xlvii. vers. 6.



116' NOTES.

rent, et in eos qui ea nollent observare cursuros. Unde ad dictum par-
liamentum, Audomarus electus Wintoniae, Willelmus de Valence, et
caeteri fratres regis Pictavenses et Sauveienses, a regno Angliae ex-
pulsi sunt. Quibus expulsis, praedictae tortuosae exactiones paulatim
cessare ceperunt." MS. Cotton. Julius, A. i. fol. 40, r.

P. 4, L 30. Si quis insuper. This fact is given with little variation
in our author's continuation of Matthew Paris, p. 989.

P. 6, 1. 12. Litteraturte. Rishanger, in his continuation of Mat-
thew Paris, bestows on Leicester, as Sir James Mackintosh says,
" the unwonted praise of literature," History of England, i. 238.
But I think Rishanger is a credible authority, and I see no reason
why the intimate friend of Grosteste should not have been attached
to learning.

L 30. Puce ecclesiee. Throughout the whole of his career,

Montfort showed respect for the Church, and the property of the
Church. In 1263, when the Archbishop of Canterbury at Boulogne
issued an excommunication against several of the barons, and even
including two sons of Leicester, for ecclesiastical depredations, yet
we do not find Montfort himself included in the sentence. See MS.
Bodl. 91. Bern. 1891, p. 136, where is an ancient copy of the original
document.

P. 7, I. 7. Beato Roberto. " Venerabilis Robertus Grosted, Lin-
coln, episcopus, in cathologo sanctorum merito connumerandus."
Mem. Willelmi Wyrcestre, MS. Cotton. Julius, F. vn. fol. 56, r.
But although Grosteste's piety was so universally acknowledged, that
he was often styled Beatus, yet that honour could never be obtained
from the Papal see, although solicited for him in the strongest terms.
See Pegge's Life of Grosteste, p. 217 ; Wharton's Anglia Sacra, ii.
343; and Bale, iv. 18.

/. 15. fili carissime. This is also related in our author's

continuation of Matthew Paris, p. 998.



NOTES. 117

P. 7, I. 18. Miracula. Cf. Bale, iv. 18. I am not aware tliat any
narrative of his miracles is extant.

/. 22. Durum foret. The reading in the Latin Vulgate is,

" Durum est tibi contra stimulum calcitrare." Act. ix.

P. 8, /. 8. Apud Oxoniam. " Apud Oxenford celebratum fuit
generale parliamentum, rege Henrico praesente cum omnibus nobili-
bus regni Anglise, et tractatum fuit generaliter ibidem de omnibus
negotiis regni emendandis : et juratum fuit ab omnibus, tarn a rege
quam ab archiepiscopo et ab omnibus episcopis, comitibus, baronibus,
et omnibus aliis, quod omnia secundum sua statuta ibidem provisa
emendarentur. Rex etiam ipse juravit, et statuta ilia et provisiones
ibidem factas sigillo regio confirmavit. Et quia Aymerus, electus
Wintoniae, et Willelmus de Valence, Galfridus de Liseni, Guido de
Liseni, fratres scilicet domini regis, ipsis provisionibus non assense-
runt, nee ordinationi parium suorum stare voluerunt, expulsi sunt a
terra Angliae et ejecti." Chronicon Dovoriae, MS. Cotton. Julius,
D. v. fol. 31, r. Henry afterwards deeply regretted his assent to
these provisions : " Eodem tempore, ex assensu totius barnagii, do-
minus rex statuta Angliae apud Oxoniam ordinavit et juravit ipse, cum
Edwardo primogenito suo et barnagio, eadem statuta irrefragabiliter
observari. Processu temporis, dominus rex penituit se juramentum
fecisse." Rishangeri opus chronicorum, MS. Cotton. Claud. D. vi.
fol. 115, v, a.

P. 12, /. 5. Johannes Maunstl. This person held seven hundred
livings, which brought him an income of 18,000 marks. Chron. de
Mailros, p. 239. When pluralism was carried to such an unprece
dented extent with the foreigners, it was no wonder that the native
clergy should express their dissatisfaction.

2. 9. Latenter. Cf. Annales Theoksbur. MS. Cotton. Cleop.

A. vii. fol. 65, v, et MS. Cotton. Otho, D. vm. fol. 217, v,/3.



118 NOTES.

P. 12, 1. 10. In qua rex. " Dominus autem rex et regina posue-
runt se in turri Londoniae cum consiliaribus suis, videlicet Johanne
Maunsel, Roberto Walrand, et aliis panels. Domiitus Edmundus,
filius regis junior, postea venit ad castrum Dovoriae cum Johanne
Mansel, qui, timens pelli suae, die sanctorum Petri et Pauli transfre-
tavit usque Bonon., praedicto domino Edmundo in castro Dovoriae
remanente, cum quodam milite de Francia, Gerardo de Rodes nomine,
et aliis paucis. Johannes vero Mansel apud Bonon. honorifice sus-
ceptus est." Chronicon Dovoriae, MS. Cotton. Julius, D. v. fol. 37,
v. These particulars are, as far as I know, new. Of. Calend. Rot.
Pat. p. 33.

P. 12, 1. 24. Intercepta est. Matthew of Westminster seems to have
borrowed his account of this event from our chronicle. A good rela-
tion may be seen in Miss Strickland's Lives of the Queens, vol. ii.
p. 131. " Regina vero volens se transferre ad castrum de Wynde-
lesor per fluvium in scapha, multitudo civitatis plebeia, ad pontem sub
quo transitura erat congregata, convitio earn maledicebat voce clamosa,
etjactu luti et lapidum adTurrim coegit reverti." MS. Hospit. Lin-
coln. Hal. 68 (73). The Queen was most unpopular, and deserv-
edly so,

" Dum rex Henricus Christi permansit amicus,
Et sine regina, nulla fuit illi ruina."

MS. Cotton. Otho, D. vur fol. 214, v, a, See also the same MS.
fol. 217, v, ft. We find no account of this affair in the Liber de
Antiquis Legibus. Cf. Nicolas's London Chron. p. 22. Chron.
Triveti, p. 197.

P. 13, /. 3. Forma pads. From the Liber de Antiquis Legibus (fol.
85, v, /3 86, r, a) we learn, that on the morrow after the feast of
St. Margaret (July 21st) the King's writ to the mayor and citizens
of London was read in the Guildhall, setting forth that the differences
between him and the Barons were settled. " Igitur inter Regem et



NOTES. 119

Comitem pax conditionalis formata est. Imprimis, ut Henricus regis
Alemanniae filius, qui captus contra regem comitem adhaerebat, et
in custodia regis detentus fuerat, liberaretur. Deinde ut castra
regis per totam Angliam baronum custodiae traderentur. Item, ut
Provisiones Oxoniae inviolabiliter observarentur, et quod omnes alieni-
genae infra certum tempus regnum Angliae evacuerent, exceptis hiis
quorum moram fideles de regno assensu unanimi accepti essent. Sed
hiis non obstantibus, pars regia castrum de Wyndelesor victualibus
et armis fortiter munivit." MS. Hospit. Lincoln. Hale, 68 (73).

P. 13, /. 19. Venit Edwardus. Good accounts of this affair may be
found in MS. Harl. 68, (73), and in the Liber de Antiquis Legibus.

P. 14, 1. 5. InfestosanctiPetri. " Die tune sabbati." MS. Harl.
3775, iv.



P. 15, I. 11. Ornne regnum. Luc. cap. xi.



P. 16, I. 14. Se submittant. " Constitutus est igitur rex Francorum
Ludowicus multorum consilio arbiter in regem et proceres, ut ejus
arbitrio tarn rex quam barones immobiliter starent universi. Sed
ipse duarum sororum reginarum Anglorum et Francorum favens pre-
cibus, prius sacramento firmata statuta cassavit, regis in omnibus parens
voluntati, nullum ex omnibus articulis excipiendo." MS. Cotton.
Otho, D. vni. fol. 217, v, /3. See the next note. The following
extract is from Taxter's Chronicle, already mentioned :

" Ignis succensus in furore cameram regiam, minorem aulam, ca-
pellam, et alias domos consumpsit apud Westmonasterium septem idus
Februarii (1263). Orta est dissentio inter regem et barones, eoque rex
consilio reginae, et quorundam aliorum, et maxime alienigenarum,
absolvi impetravit a domino papa ab observatione statutorum Oxonise
et a sacramento. Unde missis praedonibus a baronibus per universam
Angliam, omnia bona reginae et consiliariorum regis, quorum instinctu



120 NOTES,

dictam absolutionem impetravit, nullo habito respectu ordinis aut
dignitatis, depraedabant. Nam episcopum Herefordensem ab ecclesia
abstractum incarcerabant ; episcopus Norwicensis, nisi ad Sancti
Edmundi libertatem cicius confugisset praesidium, nusquam tutum sibi
invenisset asilum. Tune enim in conspectu baronum valde preciosa
fuit libertas sancti Edmundi. Romanorum etiam bona ubicunque
inventa ipsis ab Anglia expulsis diripiebant, et ecclesias eorum vel
conferebant vel cui volebant tradebant, et similiter de alienigenis
faciebant. Vigilia sancti Edmundi, fratres minores locum quam infra
villam ejusdem sancti per intrusionem domini regis et contra liber-
tatem dictae ecclesiae per v. annos mensibus vj. diebus xxiiij. ocupabant,
relinquentes, dispositioni abbatis et conventus ejusdem loci absolute
se subdiderunt; sed ad hoc faciendum inducti erant quadam litera
papali a conventu sancti Edmundi impetrata, qui eos in virtute obedi-
entiae a dicto loco recedere praecipiebat. Unde, ne vi expellerentur,
sponte discesserunt palam omni populo, contestantes se injuste locum
praedictum possedisse. Ex mutuo assensu Henrici regis Angliae et
baronum, dictorum provisionum Oxoniae posita est super arbitrium
regis Franciae." MS. Cotton. Julius, A. I. fol. 41, r.

The following correspondence, which is copied from the original
documents preserved in the Archives du Royaume at Paris, relate
to this subject.

1. Letter from the King of England, consenting to the decision of the

King of France.

[Cart. Antiq. 630, num. 19.]

Universis presentes lit?as inspectur Henr Dei .... rex Angt
dns Hibri t dux Aqui? saltm. Novitis qd nos compmisimus in
dfim Ludovicu regem Franc illustrem sup pvisionib3 ordinacoibj
ofnib} Oxori t sup omib} contencoib3 t discordiis quas habemus ?
habuimus usq} in preteritum diem see Lucie vers 9 Barones nros



NOTES. 121

Angt. i ipi advers 9 nos occone pvisionu ordinacionu vl statute^
predcoi firmiter promittentes juramento in anima nra p ditcm t
fidelem nrm Johem de La Lynde militem prestito qd quicquid
idem Rex Franc sup pmissis ornib} vl eos aliquib} ordinavit seu
statuJitnos observabimus bona fide. Ita tamen qddcs Rex Franc
dicat sup hiis dcm suu citra Pentecos? pximo venturam. Et sup
ornib} que sup reb} in copmissum deductis vl circa ipas in?im
attemptari contig'it ordinandi t statuendi plenariam habeat potes-
tatem. Noluim 9 autem priori compmisso in dcm dnm Regem de
alto t basso in? nos t predcos Barones nros fco p compmissum
istud in aliquo derogari. Da? . . . Ambton in crastino beati Vin-
centii Martiris anno Dili M. cc. sexagesimo tercio.

2. Letter from the Barons consenting to the decision of the King of

France.

[Cart. Antiq. 630, num. 20.]

Universis psentes lit?as inspectuf. H. London. W. Wigorn
Epi. S. de Monteforti coin Leyc t sen Angt- Hug le DespenS
Justic Angt. Hunfr de Boun juvenf . H. de Monte Forti. S. de
Monte Forti juvenf. Ada de Novo M )cato. Petr 9 de Monte Forti.
Ract Basset de Sapecot. Baldewin Wake. Rofe de Ros. Wilts Le
Blund. Witts Marescatt. Walter de Colevile. Ric de Grey.
Witt Bardouf. Ric de Tanny. Henr de Hasting. Jon fii Joftis.
Rofc de Ve?i Ponte. Jon de Vescy. Nichoi de Seg""ve. Galf r de
Lucy salm in Dno. Novitis q. nos compmisim 9 in dnm Ludovic
Regem Franc illustrem sup pvisionib} ordinaconib} statutis t
obligacoib} oniib} Oxori et sup omibus contenconib} t discordiis
q"~s hemus t habuim 9 us<^ ad festu oium scojp nup p?itu v'sus dnm
nrm Regem Angi illustrem ? ipe advsus nos occasione pvisionu
ordinaconum statutes vel obligaconum Oxon predcoi firmi? pmit-
tentes ? jurantes tactis sacroscis ev^geliisqj q^cquid idem Rex

CAMD. SOC. 15. B



122 NOTES.

Franc sup omib3 predcis vel eo aliquib} de alto i basso ordinav'it
vl statulit nos ob^vabim 9 bona fide. Ita tn q> idem dns Rex Franc
dicat sup hiis dcm suu cit a Pentecost px ventur. Dat London
die see Lucie virgis anno dni M. cc. lx. ?cio.

3. Letter from the Barons to the King of France, appointing persons
with full power to act as their delegates before his judgment.

[Cart. Antiq. 630, num. 21.]

Univsis psentes lit?as inspector. H. London. W. Wygorfi Epi
S. de Monteforti com Leyc. senescaft Angt. Hugo Le DespenS
Justic Angt. Humfridus de Bohun junior. Henr de Monteforti.
Simon de Monteforti junior. Adam de Novo Mlcato. 'Petr 9 de
Monteforti. Rads Basset de Sapecote. Baldewinus Wake. Ro-
bertus de Roos. Wifts Le Blund. Wifts Marescallus. Wal?s
de Colevile. rv Ricardus de Grey. Wifts Bardo& Ricard de Tany.
Henr de Hastinges. Johes fit Johis. Robtus de Ve?i Ponte.
Johes de Vescy. Nicns de Seg""ve. t Galfrs de Lucy, sattm in
Dno. Cum sup pvisionibj ordinaconib3 statutis 7 obligaconibj
omibj Oxofi i sup oinib3 coteconibus ? discordiis in? drim
nrm rege Angt illustre t nos occone pvisionu ordinaconii seu
statute^ huj 5 modi sbortis in dnm Ludovicu rege F"~ncie illustre b
certa forma copmisimus, quia ad psequed huj 9 modi copmissi
negotiu aliis occupati psonali? intedere [no] possum 5 dominos
Humfrdum de Bohun. Henr de Monteforti. Petr de Monte-
forti. Adam de Novo M)cato. Wttm le Marescaft. Wittm Le -
Blund. i magistros Thorn de Cantilupo, Galfrm de Cuberle ? Henr
de Branceston cticos pcuratores nros facim 9 i costituim 9 ad faciend
petend: % recipied p nob nomie nro quicqid idem negotiu requirit
dantes eisdem plena potestate i mandatu speciale obligandi nos
oms i prestandi omne securitate q""m dcs dns Rex F""ncie ordi-
nare volulit qd nos dcm ipius firmi? obsvabimus bona fide ? omia



NOTES. 123

faciendi que si psentes essem 9 facere possem 9 t deberemus. Dam 9
t eisdem spalem potestate cosentiendi ac coveniendi nomie nro qd
si postq""m dcs dns Rex ptulerit dcm suu aliq a ambigua vl obscura
ex vbis in dicto suo cotetis emserint, idem dns Rex ambigua
huj 9 modi in?pretandi t obscura declarandi semel t ptries usq3 ad
festu ofnium sco^ plenam heat potestate. Et pmittim 9 ratu nre
t firmu quicquid p eosdem pcuratores I pmissis nomie nro actu
funt seu procuratii. Volum 9 aute qd si pdco^ aliqui casu aliquo
pdcis exsequendis no in?fuerint quatuor vl q'nq} ipso^ quos in?esse
cotigit plenam in pmissis ofnibs heant potestate. Da? London die
Lune in vigit circumcisionis Dni anno ejusdem M. cc. lx ^cio.
Et in testimoniu pmissox nos London i Wygorn Epi Justic Angt
t Ricarct de Grey pdci de voluntate omium pdco^ t ipo& mandato
speciali psentib3 sigilla nra apposuimus.

P. 16, 1. 24. Contra barones. " Eodem igitur *mp , fraude mu-
lieris, scilicet reginse Angliae, serpentina et allocutione deceptus et
seductus idem rex Franciae. Sicut scripturn est, non estfraus super
fraudem mulieris, nam primum parentem, regem Salomonem, David
prophetam, et alios mulier decepit. Mutatum est cor regis ejusdem
de bono ad malum, de malo ad pejus, de pejori ad pessimum, ita
regiis mandatis literatoriae proceribus et magnatibus Angliae scripsit
in haec verba," &c. Chron. Tewkesbur. MS. Cotton. Cleop. A. vn.
fol. 66, r. I question whether Mahomet himself, with all his miso-
gynic spirit, would have been more severe on the tender amazon.
Cf. MS. Cotton. Otho, D. vin. fol. 217, v, 0.

" O rex Francorum, multorum causa dolorum,
Judex non rectus, ideo fis jure rejectus,
Judicium verum reticens cjuam mulierum,
Voces audisti prece quarum dicta tulisti,
In Montem-Fortem sibi conjunctamque cohortem,
Non jus jurandum voluisti scire probandum.



124 NOTES.

Quod rex juravit retinere, sed hoc reprobavit
Consilio fratris elect! Wyntoniensis,
Ejusdem patris. cito mortis quern tulit ensis,
Qui sibi donatum non videns pontificatum,
Parisius fortis subiit discrimina mortis."

P. 18, /. 9. Flange plorans. This poem has been printed by Mr.
Wright in his " Political Songs," p. 121124.

P. 20, /. 22. Villam destruxit. This was on the 2nd of the calends
of March. Chron. Wigorn. MS. Cotton. Calig. A.x. fol. 127, v.

P. 23, 1. 1. De captione. The following extracts relate to this:
" Memorandum quod die quinta Aprilis anno Domini M.CC.LXIIII.
cepit dominus H. rex villam Northamptoniae, ubi capti erant extra
castrum et incarcerati milites subscripti, scilicet, Simon de Monte-
forti junior, Ger. de Furnivalle, Will, de eadem, Ad. de Novo Mer-
cato, Rogerus Bertram, Will, de Ferrariis, Henr. de Pembrigge,
Will. Marescall, Symon fil. Symonis, Will, de Harecurte, Will, de
Gyleford, Will, de Warre, Joannes Esturmey, Ric. de Culewrth,
Radulfus Peroth, Ingram de Baylloll, G. Russel, senescallus Epis-
copi Lyncoln, G. de Lewkenorr, Ric.de Hemyngton, Rob. Butevilayn,
Will, de Monteforti, Job. de Dykelynge, Symon de Pateshyll,
Will, de Wheltoun, Eustach. de Watteford, Phil. fil. Roberti, Ead-
mundus de Arderne, Robertus Maloree, Rogerus de Hyda, Andreas
de Jarpenvilla, Rogerus de Hakelyngton, Will, de Preston, Hugo
Gobyun, Reginaldus de Watervilla, Symon frater ejus, Hamon de
Wycleston, Rogerus de Monteny, Will. Awngevyn, Radulphus de
Dyva, Ph. de Daventre, Ric. Everard, Rad.de Wodekyme, Rogerus
de Sancto Phileberto, Johannes de Rye, Will, de Lymare, Hugo de
Tywe, Joh. de Bosevilla, Rad. de Brotton, Job. de Bracebrige, et
Phil, de Dryby. Item die sequenti redditum fuit castrum North-
amptoniae domino regi, ubi subscripti barones et milites capti fuerunt



NOTES. 125

et incarcerati, scilicet, P. de Monteforti, P. filius ejus, Baldewynus
Wake, Osbertus GifFard, Johannes de Habn. Item Robertus fil.
Petri de Monteforti, Johannes le Despensere. Johannes de Sancto
Johanne, Nicholaus Wake, Johannes de Bathonia, Will, de Goldyng-
ton, Henricus de Eyvilla, Will, de eadem, Johannes de Bayvilla,
Thomas de Arcy, Eustach. de Solevilla, Robertus fil. Walteri, Rogerus
de Wanton, Rogerus de Balune(?), Galfridus de la Mare. Item
clerici, Ric. de Wyke, sen. Episcopi Lyncoln., Stephanus de Hole-
well (?) ; item Grimbaldus Pauncefot, serviens." MS. Bodl. 91,
Bern. 1891, fol. 138, v.

" Rex vero Henricus iiij. secum illustres habens principes, Ricar-
dum germanum suum regem Alemanniae, ac filium simni Edwardum,
Willelmum de Valenciis fratrum uterinum, clarissiraosque milites,
Johannem Coniyn de Scocia cum multitudine Scottorum, Johannem
de Balliolo dominum Galwadise, Robertum de Brews dominum de
Vallis Anandiae, Rogerum de Clifford, Philippum Basset, Rogerum
de Mortuo Mari, cum exercitu progrediens villam de Northamtone
obsedit, quam dominica in passione effracto muro intravit. Cepitque
ibi milites vexilliferos quindecim, videlicet, Symonem minorem, Wil-
lelmum de Ferrariis, Petrum de Monteforti, Baldewynum Wake,
Adam de Novo Mercatu, Rogerum Bertrandi, Symonem filium
Symonys qui primo vexillum erexit contra regem Henricum, Beren-
garium de Watevyle, Hugonem Gybyoun, Thomam Maunsel, Ro-
gerum Botevyleyn, Nicholaum Wake, Robertum de Newyntoun,
Philippum de Driby, Grymbaldum Paunesfot. De quibus Symonem
minorem ad castrum de Wyndelesor transmisit, caeteros ad alia tuta-
menta. Capti sunt et alii milites minoris gradus, circiter quadra-
ginta; scutiferi non pauci." MS. Hospit. Lincoln. Hale, 68 (73).

To the above list may be added Robert de Byngham, who was on
the side of the barons. MS. Cotton. Cart Antiq, xi. 18.

P. 25, /. 2.- Fere omnes. The following accormt is given of this
persecution in the Liber de Antiquis Legibus : " Hoc anno postfestum



126 NOTES.

Sancti Martini vesperas, cum quid am Judeus vulnerasset quodam
anelacio quendam Christianum in vico de Colechurch, accurrerunt
multi Christiani, scilicet innumerabilis populus, ad Judeum perse-
quendum, etfregerunt quamplurimos domos Judeorum ; et de hoc non
concepti postea nocte superveniente asportaverunt omnia bona dicto-
rum Judeorum, et multo plures domos fregissent et bona asportavis-
sent, cum Major et Vicecomites accedentes ibi cum armis illos male-
factores amovissent, qua de causa facta est inquisitio in crastino, et sic
de die in diem per Majorem et Vicecomites in Guilhald' per duodecim
viros juratos, de quibus nulla fuit suspitio quantum ad istam feloniam,
de singulis wardis London. Et postea universi Aldermanni fecerunt
inquisitionem super boc quilibet in Wardemoto suo, unde qui indic-
tati fuerint vel accusati capti fuerunt per Vicecomites et imprisouati,
partim in Newgate et partim in Creplegate." This is copied in MS.
Hargrave, 142, fol. 30. " Judaei Londoniae interfecti sunt per cives
Londoniae usque xlvij., qui fecerunt ignem Graecum ad comburendum
civitatem." Chron. Hagneb. MS. Cotton. Vespas. B. xi. fol. 24, v.
" Eodem anno in quadragesima Judaei capti sunt in Northamtonia
et combusti, qui ordinaverunt inter se ignem Graecum* ad comburen-
dum civitatem Londoniarum." MS.Hospit. Lincoln. Hal. 68, (73.)
" Occisi sunt Judaei manentesLondoniisad numerum .B.ccetamplius,
et reliqui spoliati sunt." MS. Cotton. Vespas. A. II. fol. 59, r. The
Worcester chronicle agrees with this last authority. MS. Cotton.
Calig. A. x. fol. 128, r.

P. 25, /. 14. De obsidione Roucestrice. Cf. MS. Cotton. Otho, D.
vni. fol. 214; MS. Lansd. 229, fol. 91, v, ft ; Chron. Wigorn.
MS. Cotton. Calig. A. x. fol. 128, v. The following very curious
account of this siege is interpolated in a copy of the chronicle of
Matthew of Westminster in MS. Cotton. Nero, D. II., which was
written in the monastery at Rochester :

" Tempore illo Johannes comes Warenniae venitcum domino R. de

* Much discussion has arisen on the real composition of the Greek fire ; a curious
early receipt for making it is in MS. Arundel. 164, fol. 192, v.



NOTES. 127

Leyburne et quibusdam aliis Rofam, ut civitatem et castrum muni-
rent et custodirent. Comes vero LeycestriaB et barones qui erant
Londoniae et apud Tonebregge hoc audientes, venerunt cum multitu-
dine gravi, et villam obsederunt et viriliter pugnaverunt ; sed, parte
adversa strenue resistente ilia die, nil perfecerunt, exceptoque horrea
sancti Andreae et quasdam alias officinas combusserunt extra murum
existentes, suburbio circumquaque et aula regia castri a domino R. de
Leyburne primitus combustis. In crastino autem die, quo Dominus
pro peccatoribus extitit crucifixus, Symon comes pontem et propug-
nacula superedificata mirabili artis ingenio fecit concremare; sicque
post multas plagas stragesque suorum civitatem est ingressus, G. de
Clara ex parte alia cum multitudine armatorum illam hostiliter in-
pugnante et prevalente, quasi uno momento et una hora, sicuti inter se
conduxerunt. Circa horam vespertinam ingressi, tota civitas, et quic-
quid erat inea,ut morisest, praedefiebatdiripientium. Ecclesiaminsu-
perbeati Andreae satellites diaboli, gladiis evaginatis introgressi, filios
ipsius et quosque repertos in ea cum timore et honore crucifixerunt
cum Domino qui patitur in suis electis, auro etargento aliisque preciosis
inde violenter ablatis. Multa etiain, inter alia regum cartae et muni-
menta alia ecclesiae Roffensis, necessaria in capella prioris extiterunt
deperdita ac dilacerata. Quidam etiam monachi ipsius ecclesiae nocte
ilia custodiebantur incarcerati. Equites vero in equis armati circa
altaria discursantes quosdam ad ilia confugientes nefandis manibus


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