William Salisbury.

The Botanist's Companion, Volume II online

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90 Soapwort Saponaria Vaccaria
91 Stock purple 10-week Cheiranthus annuus
92 - - - scarlet 10-week Cheiranthus annuus
93 - - - white 10-week Cheiranthus annuus
94 - - - white Prussian Cheiranthus annuus
95 - - - purple ditto Cheiranthus annuus
96 Stock Virginian white Cheiranthus maritimus
97 - - - - - - - - red Cheiranthus annuus
98 Stramonium purple Datula Tatula
99 - - - - - white Datula stramonium
100 Spinage strawberry Blitum virgatum
101 Sunflower tall Helianthus annuus
102 - - - - - dwarf Helianthus annuus
103 - - - - - double Helianthus annuus
104 Sultan sweet purple Centaurea moschata
105 - - - white Centaurea moschata
106 - - - yellow Centaurea suaveolens
107 Toadflax three-leaved Antirrhinium triphyllum
108 Trefoil crimson Trifolium incarnatum
109 Venus's Looking-glass Campanula speculum
110 - - -Navelwort Cynoglossum linifolium
111 Xeranthemum yellow shining Xeranthemum lucidum
112 - - - - - - white Xeranthemum annuum
113 - - - - - - purple double Xeranthemum annuum
114 Zinnia yellow Zinnia pauciflora
115 - - - red Zinnia multiflora
116 - - - elegant Zinnia elegans
117 - - - violet-coloured Zinnia tenniflora
118 - - - whorl-leaved Zinnia verticillata


* * * * *


SECTION XIX.-BIENNIAL FLOWERS.


Biennial Flowers, i.e. such as do not bloom the same year they are
raised from seeds.

These should be sown in the month of May or June, and let remain in the
place till the month of September, when they should be planted into
beds, and in the following spring placed out where they are to flower.



1 Canterbury Bells Campanula media
2 Iron-coloured Foxglove Digitalis ferruginea
3 Hollyoak Alcea rosa
4 Honesty Lunaria rediviva
5 Stocks red Brompton Cheiranthus incanus
6 - - - white ditto Cheiranthus incanus
7 - - - purple ditto Cheiranthus incanus
8 - - - Queen Cheiranthus incanus
9 - - - Twickenham Cheiranthus incanus
10 Wallflower Cheiranthus fruticulosus


* * * * *


SECTION XX.-TENDER ANNUAL FLOWERS.


Such as are usually sown in hot-beds in the months of February or March,
and grown in the stove or green-house after the removal of the plants in
the summer months, for which purpose they are very ornamental.



ENGLISH NAMES LATIN NAMES

1 Amaranthus three-coloured Amaranthus tricolor
2 - - - - - two-coloured - - - - - bicolor
3 - - - - - globe white Gomphrena globosa
4 - - - - - purple Gomphrena globosa
5 Balsam Impatiens Balsamita
6 - - - scarlet Impatiens coccinea
7 Striped double white
8 Browallia blue Browallia elata
9 - - - - - white Browallia elata
10 Cacalia scarlet Cacalia coccinea
11 Capsicum large red Capsicum annuum
12 - - - - yellow Capsicum annuum
13 - - - - small red horn Capsicum annuum
14 - - - - yellow ditto Capsicum annuum
15 - - - - cherry Capsicum annuum
16 - - - - Cayenne Capsicum annuum
17 Calceolaria wing-leaved Calceolaria pinnata
18 Convolvulus large-flowered Convolvulus major
19 - - - - - - minor - - - - - - tricolor
20 Cockscomb dwarf Celosia cristata
21 - - - - - tall Celosia cristata
22 - - - - - branching Celosia cristata
23 - - - - - buff or yellow Celosia cristata
24 Egg plant white Solanum Melongena
25 - - - - - purple Solanum Melongena
26 Impomaea Scarlet Impomaea coccinea
27 - - - - wing-leaved - - - - Quamoclit
28 Ice plant Mesembryanthemum crystallinum
29 Love apple Solanum Lycopersicum
30 Sensitive plant Mimosa pudica
31 Stramonium double purple Datura Metel
32 - - - - - Double white - - - v. flore albo


* * * * *


SECTION XXI.-FOREIGN ALPINE PLANTS.

ADAPTED TO THE DECORATION OF ROCK-WORK.



The following list comprises a number of plants of great beauty and
interest; but, being in general too small for the open borders, are only
to be preserved either in pots; planted in rock-work, or in such other
places where they are not overgrown by plants of larger size. There are
many others of a similar kind that we grow in gardens, but which, being
difficult to keep, we have thought fit not to insert; as persons who try
to cultivate such in the open ground have in general the mortification
to find that they do not compensate for the care and trouble necessary
for preserving them.



1 Ancistrum lucidum Shining Ancistrum b.l.
2 - - - - - laevigatum Smooth ditto b.l.
3 - - - - - latebrosum Hairy ditto b.l.
4 Veronica aphylla Naked-stalked Speedwell b.l.
5 - - - - bellidoides Daisy-leaved ditto b.l.


TRIANDRIA MONOGYNIA.

6 Trichonema Bulbocodium Crocus-leaved Trichonema b.l.


TETRANDRIA MONOGYNIA.

7 Asperula crassifolia Thick-leaved Woodroofe b.l.
8 Houstonia caerulea Blue Houstonia l.
9 Mitchella repens Creeping Mitchella l.
10 Plantago alpina Alpine Plantain l.
11 - - - - subulata Awl-leaved ditto l.
12 Cornus canadensis Herbaceous Dog-wood b.
13 Alchemilla pentaphylla Five-leaved Lady's Mantle b.l.
14 - - - - - argentata Silvery-leaved ditto b.l.


PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA.

15 Cynoglossum Omphaloides Blue Venus's Navelwort b.l.
16 Aretia vitaliana Primrose aretia l.
17 Androsace villosa Hairy Androsace l.
18 Primula cortusoides Bear's-ear Primrose b.l.
19 - - - villosa Hairy Primula b.l.
20 - - - nivea Snowy ditto b.l.
21 - - - marginata Margined ditto b.l.
22 - - - Auricula Common Yellow Auricula b.l.
23 - - - lonigfolia Long-leaved ditto b.l.
24 - - - helvetica Swiss ditto b.l.
25 Primula integrifolia Entire-leaved Auricula b.l.
26 Cortusa Mathioli Siberian Bear's-ear Sanicle b.
27 Soldanella alpina Alpine Soldanella b.l.
28 Dodecatheon Meadia American Cowslip b.l.
29 Cyclamen Coum Round-leaved Cyclamen l.
30 - - - - hederaefolium Ivy-leaved ditto l.
31 Lysimachia dubia Purple Loosestrife l.
32 Phlox pilosa Hairy Lychnidea l.
33 - - - ovata Oval-leaved ditto l.
34 - - - suffruticosa Shrubby ditto l.
35 - - - stolonifera Creeping ditto l.
36 - - - subulata Awl-leaved ditto l.
37 - - - setacea Bristly ditto l.
38 Convulvulus lineatus Dwarf Bindweed l.
39 Campanulla pulla Dark-flowered Bell-flower b.l.
40 - - - - - carpatica Carpasian ditto b.l.
41 - - - - - pumila Purple-dwarf ditto b.l.
42 - - - - - v. alba White-dwarf ditto b.l.
43 - - - - - nitida Shining-leaved ditto b.l.
44 - - - - - barbata Bearded ditto b.l.
45 - - - - - azurea Azure-coloured ditto b.l.
46 Phyteuma hemisphaerica Small Rampion b.l.
47 Verbascum Myconi Borage-leaved Mullein l.


PENTANDRIA DIGYNIA.

48 Gentiana acaulis Gentianella l.
49 - - - - asclepiadea Swallow-wort Gentian l.
50 Bupleurum petraeum Rock Thorough-wax l.


PENTANDRIA TRIGYNIA.

51 Telephium Imperati True Orphine l.


PENTANDRIA PENTAGYNIA.

52 Statice cordata Heart-leaved Thrift l.
53 - - - - flexuosa Zigzag ditto l.
54 Linum flavum Yellow Flax l.
55 - - - austriacum Austrian ditto l.


HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA.

56 Convallaria bifolia Two-leaved Lilly of the Valley l.b.


HEXANDRIA TRIGYNIA.

57 Trillium cernuum Drooping-flowered Trillium b.
58 - - - - sessile Sessile-flowered ditto b.
59 Helonias bullata Spear-leaved Helonias b.
60 - - - - asphodeloides Grass-leaved ditto b.


OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA.

61 Rhexia mariana Hairy Rexia b.
62 Oenothera rosea Rose-flowered Tree Primrose l.b.
63 - - - - - pumila Dwarf Yellow ditto l.b.
64 Epilobium cordifolium Heart-leaved Willow-herb b.l.


OCTANDRIA DIGYNIA.

65 Moehringia muscosa Mossy Moehringia l.


DECANDRIA DIGYNIA.

66 Saxifraga Cotyledon Pyramidal Saxifrage l.
67 - - - - - Aizoon Margined ditto c.m.
68 - - - - - ligulata Strap-leaved ditto c.m.
69 - - - - - rosularis Rose-leaved ditto c.m.
70 - - - - - mutata House-leek ditto c.m.
71 - - - - - Androsace Blunt-leaved ditto c.m.
72 - - - - - caesia Gray ditto c.m.
73 - - - - - pilosa Hairy ditto c.m.
74 - - - - - sarmentosa Creping ditto c.m.
75 - - - - - cuneifolia Wedge-leaved ditto c.m.
76 - - - - - aspera Rough-leaved ditto c.m.
77 - - - - - rotundifolia Round-leaved ditto c.m.
78 - - - - - ajugaefolia Ground Pine-leaved ditto c.m.
79 - - - - - sibirica Siberian Pine-leaved ditto c.m.
80 - - - - - adscendens Ascending Saxifrage c.m.
81 - - - - - viscosa Clammy ditto c.m.
82 Tiarella cordifolia Heart-leaved Tiarella c.m.
83 Mitella diphylla Two-leaved Mitella c.m.
84 Gypsophila repens Creeping Gypsophila l.b.
85 - - - - - prostrata Trailing ditto l.b.
86 Saponaria acymoides Basil-leaved Soap-wort l.
87 - - - - superbus Feathered ditto l.
88 - - - - pungens Pungent ditto l.
89 - - - - alpinus Alpine ditto l.
90 - - - - capitatus Headed-flowered ditto l.
91 - - - - glaucus Glaucous ditto l.
92 - - - - virgineus Maiden ditto l.


DECANDRIA TRIGYNIA.

93 Silene anemoena Siberian Catchfly l.
94 - - - alpestris Mountain ditto l.
95 - - - rupestris Rock ditto l.
96 - - - saxifraga Saxifrage ditto l.
97 - - - vallesia Downy ditto l.
98 Stellaria scapigera Naked-stalk'd Stitch-wort l.
99 Arenaria tetraquetra Square Sand-wort l.
100 - - - - balearica Small ditto l.
101 - - - - saxatilis Rock ditto l.
102 - - - - striata Striated ditto l.
103 - - - - grandiflora Great-flowered ditto l.
104 - - - - liniflora Flax-flowered ditto l.


DECANDRIA PENTAGYNIA.

105 Sedum Aizoon Yellow Stonecrop c.m.
106 - - - Anacampseros Evergreen Orpine c.m.
107 - - - hybridum Bastard Sedum c.m.
108 - - - populifolium Poplar-leaved ditto c.m.
109 - - - virens Green ditto c.m.
110 - - - glaucum Glaucous ditto c.m.
111 - - - deficiens Round-leaved ditto c.m.
112 - - - hispanicum Spanish ditto l.
113 Lychnis quadridentata Small-flowering Lychnis l.b.


DODECANDRIA MONOGYNIA.

114 Asarum canadense Canadian Asarabaca l.b.


DODECANDRIA DIGYNIA.

115 Sempervivum globiferum Globular House-leek l.
116 - - - - - - arachnoideum Cobweb ditto l.
117 - - - - - - hirtum Hairy ditto l.
118 - - - - - - montanum Mountain ditto l.
119 - - - - - - cuspidatum Prickly-leaved ditto l.
120 - - - - - - sediforme Stone-crop-leaved ditto l.


ICOSANDRIA POLYGYNIA.

121 Rubus arcticus Dwarf Bramble l.b.
122 Potentilla sericea Silky Cinquefoil l.b.
123 - - - - - multifida Multifid ditto l.
124 - - - - - bifurca Bifid ditto l.
125 - - - - - tridentata Trifid-leaved ditto l.
126 Geum potentilloides Cinquefoil Avens l.
127 - - reptans Creeping ditto l.


POLYANDRIA MONOGYNIA.

128 Sanguinaria canadensis Canada Puccoon l.b.
129 Papaver nudicaule Naked-stalked Poppy l.
130 Cistus grandiflorus Great-flowered Cistus l.


POLYANDRIA POLYGYNIA.

131 Anemone Hepatica Common Liverwort c.m.
132 - - - - hortensis Star Anemone l.b.
133 - - - - dichotoma Forked ditto l.b.
134 Adonis vernalis Spring Adonis Flower c.m.
135 Ranunculus amplexicaulus Plaintain-leaved Crow-foot l.b.
136 - - - - - alpestris Alpine ditto l.b.
137 - - - - - glacialis Two-flowered ditto l.b.
138 Isopyrum thalictroides Thalictrum-leaved Isopyrum c.m.


DIDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMA.

139 Teucrium multiflorum Many-flowered Germander c.m.
140 - - - - pyrenaicum Pyrenean ditto c.m.
141 Dracocephalum denticulatum Tooth-leaved Dragon's-head c.m.
142 - - - - - - - austriacum Austrian ditto b.l.
143 - - - - - - - grandiflorum Great-flowered ditto l.
144 Scutellaria alpina Alpine Skull-cap l.
145 - - - - - - grandiflora Large-flowered ditto l.
146 Prunella laciniata Cut-leaved Self-heal c.m.
147 - - - - grandiflora Large-flowered ditto c.m.
148 - - - - hyssopifolia Hyssop-leaved ditto c.m.
149 - - - - latifolia Broad-leaved ditto c.m.


DIDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMA.

150 Erinus alpinus Alpine Erinus l.b.


TETRADYNAMIA SILICULOSA.

151 Draba aizoides Hairy-leaved Willow-grass l.b.
152 Lepidium alpinum Mountain Pepper-wort l.b.
153 Iberis saxatilis Rock Candy-tuft l.b.
154 Alyssum montanum Mountain Mad-wort l.
155 - - - - utriculatum Bladder-podded ditto l.
156 - - - - deltoideum Purple-flowered ditto l.
157 - - - - campestre Small yellow ditto l.


TETRADYNAMIA SILIQUOSA.

158 Cardamine asarifolia Heart-leaved Lady's Smock l.
159 - - - - - bellidifolia Daisy-leaved ditto l.
160 - - - - - trifolia Three-leaved ditto l.b.
161 Cheiranthus alpinus Alpine Stock l.
162 Arabis alpina Alpine Wall-Cress l.
163 - - - lucida Shining-leaved ditto l.
164 - - - bellidifolia Daisy-leaved ditto l.
165 - - - sibirica Siberian ditto l.b.


MONADELPHIA PENTANDRIA.

166 Erodium Reichardi Dwarf Erodium c.m.


DIADELPHIA HEXANDRIA.

167 Fumaria cucullaria Naked-stalked Fumitory l.
168 - - - - nobilis Great-flowered ditto l.
169 Fumaria cava Hollow-rooted Fumitory l.
170 - - - - solida Solid-rooted ditto l.
171 - - - - spectabilis Scarlet ditto l.


DIADELPHIA DECANDRIA.

172 Hedysarum obscorum Creeping-rooted Hedysarum l.b.
173 Astragalus pilosus Hairy Milk-Vetch l.
174 - - - - - falcatus Sickle-podded ditto l.
175 - - - - - uliginosus Marsh ditto l.
176 - - - - - monspessulanus Montpelier ditto l.
177 - - - - - exscapus Stalkless ditto l.
178 - - - - - campestris Field ditto l.


SYNGENESIA POLYGAMIA AEQUAIS.

179 Leontodon aureum Golden Dandelion l.


POLYGAMIA SUPERFLUA.

180 Artemisia glacialis Creeping Wormwood c.m.
181 Gnaphalium plantagineum Plaintain-leaved Everlasting l.
182 Erigeron philadelphicum Philadelphia Erigeron l.
183 - - - - purpureum Purple ditto l.b.


SYNGENESIA MONOGAMIA.

184 Lobelia minuta Least Cardinal Flower
185 Viola palmata Palmated Violet b.
186 - - - cucullata Hollow-leaved ditto l.
187 - - - canadensis Canadian ditto l.b.
188 - - - striata Striated ditto l.b.
189 - - - pubescens Downy ditto l.b.
190 - - - biflora Two-flowered ditto l.b.
191 - - - grandiflora Great-flowered ditto l.b.
192 - - - calcarata Alpine ditto l.b.
193 - - - cornuta Pyrenean ditto l.b.
194 - - - obliqua Oblique-leaved ditto l.b.
195 Tussilago alpina Alpine Colt's-foot c.m.
196 Senecio abrotanifolia Southernwood-leaved Grounsel c.m.
197 Aster alpinus Alpine Star-wort l.b.
198 Doronicum bellidiastrum Daisy-leaved Leopard's-Bane l.b.
199 Bellis lusitania Portugal Daisy l.b.
200 Bellium minutum Bastard Daisy l.b.
201 Anthemis Pyrethrum Pellitory of Spain l.b.
202 Achillea tomentosa Woolly Milfoil l.b.
203 - - - - Clavannae Silvery-leaved ditto l.b.


GYNANDRIA DIANDRIA.

204 Cypripedium album White Ladies-Slipper b.


GYNANDRIA TRIANDRIA.

205 Sisyrinchum anceps Small Sisyrinchum c.m.
206 Arum tenuifolium Fine-leaved Arum c.m.


CRYPTOGAMIA FILICES.

207 Polypodium marginale Margin-flowered Polypody b.l.
208 - - - - - auriculatum Eared ditto b.l.
209 Onoclea sensibilis Sensitive Fern b.
210 Equisetum filiforme Fine Horse-tail l.


* * * * *


APPENDIX



BRITISH PLANTS CULTIVATED FOR ORNAMENTAL PURPOSES.


1. ALISMA Plantago. I cannot pass over this beautiful aquatic without
giving it a place amongst the ornamental plants with which our country
abounds. In pieces of water this is of considerable interest both as to
flowers and foliage, and no place of the kind should ever be destitute
of such a beauty. It is of easy culture; the plant taken from its place
of growth and sunk into the water with a stone to keep it in its place,
is a ready and easy mode of planting it, and there is no fear when once
introduced but it will succeed.



2. ANDROMEDA polifolia. This is a beautiful little shrub, and grown in
gardens for the sake of its flowers; it is also an evergreen. This plant
will not succeed unless it is planted in bog earth, - for a description
of which see page 152 of this volume.



3. AQUILEGIA vulgaris. COLUMBINE. - We have scarcely a plant affording
more beauty or greater variety than this. It is commonly, when found
wild, of a blue colour, but when the seeds are sown in the garden a
variety of tints is produced. It is a perennial, but easily raised from
seed, which should be sown in the spring.



4. ANTHEMIS maritima. A double-flowering variety of this plant used to
be common in the gardens near London, but is now scarce: it is very
beautiful, and constantly in bloom during summer. It is propagated by
planting the roots in the spring and autumn.



5. ANTIRRHINUM linaria, v. Peloria. - I cannot pass over this singular
and beautiful flower without notice. There is a fine figure of it in the
Flora Londinensis: it is very ornamental, and the structure of the bloom
is truly interesting. It is easily propagated by planting the roots in
the spring months, but it is not common.



6. ANTIRRHINUM majus. SNAPDRAGON. - This is also a plant deserving the
attention of the lover of flowers: it is capable of culture into many
very beautiful and interesting varieties.



7. BELLIS perennis. DAISY. - This plant affords us many very beautiful
varieties for the flower garden. The large Red Daisy and all the other
fine kinds are only this plant improved by culture.



8. BUTOMIS umbellatus. This is an aquatic, and well adapted to ornament
pieces of water. Its beautiful flowers in the summer months are inferior
to scarcely any plants growing in such places, and its foliage will form
protection for any birds, &c., which are usually kept in such places. It
is easily propagated by planting it in such places.



9. CALTHA palustris. MARSH MARIGOLD. - This fine yellow flower is also
made double by culture, and finds a place in the flower garden.



10. CHEIRANTHUS fruticulosus. WALLFLOWER. - Is a plant possessing great
beauty, and very interesting on account of its fine scent. We have this
plant also improved by culture, making many fine double varieties. It is
a biennial, and easily raised from seeds, which should be sown in June.
The double varieties are cultivated by cuttings of the branches.



11. CYPRIPEDIUM Calceolus. LADIES SLIPPER. - A flower of the most
uncommon beauty, but is now become scarce; it is a native of the woods
near Skipton in Yorkshire, but has been so much sought for by the lovers
of plants as to become almost extinct. It is difficult to propagate; but
when the plants have been for some years growing, will admit of being
parted, so that it may be increased in that way: it will not bear to be
often removed, and should be left to grow in the same place for several
years without being disturbed. It succeeds best in bog earth or rotten
leaves.



12. DELPHINIUM Ajacis. LARKSPUR. - This is also an annual flower,
affording a pleasing variety in the flower garden in the summer months.
For it culture, see p. 188.



13. DIANTHUS Caryophyllus. THE CARNATION. - All our fine varieties of the
carnation are the produce of this plant.

The common single variety produces seed in great abundance, but the
improved double varieties are sparing in produce: the fine kinds of this
flower are reared by layers put down about the month of July; they may
also be propagated by cuttings, but the other is the most eligible and
certain mode.



14. EPILOBIUM angustifolium. A plant of singular ornament. There is also
a white variety of this found in gardens.



15. ERICA vulgaris. There is now in cultivation in the gardens a
double-flowering variety of this plant, which is highly interesting and
of singular beauty. It grows readily in bog earth, and is raised by
layers.



16. ERICA Daboeica. IRISH HEATH. - A plant of singular beauty and of easy
culture; and being of small growth and almost constantly in bloom, has
also obtained a place in the shrubbery.



17. FRITILLARIA Meleagris. A very ornamental bulbous plant, of which the
Dutch gardeners have many improved varieties, varying in the colour and
size of the blossoms: these are usually imported in August, and should
be immediately planted, as the bulbs will not keep long when out of
ground, unless they are covered with sand.



18. GALANTHUS nivalis. SNOWDROP. - The first of the productions of Flora
which reminds us of the return of spring after the dark and dreary days
of winter. This plant is also made double by cultivation, but is not
handsomer than the common wild one. The best time for planting the bulbs
of Snowdrops is in the month of September.


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Online LibraryWilliam SalisburyThe Botanist's Companion, Volume II → online text (page 21 of 23)