Copyright
William Salmon.

Polygraphice, or, The arts of drawing, engraving, etching, limning, painting, vernishing, japaning, gilding, &c. : in two volumes ... online

. (page 1 of 72)
Online LibraryWilliam SalmonPolygraphice, or, The arts of drawing, engraving, etching, limning, painting, vernishing, japaning, gilding, &c. : in two volumes ... → online text (page 1 of 72)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


■% 4



K^'^A •'







Y^^-J^



uUMnrut fJi




lii:



I.



POLTGRAFHICE:

O R,
The Arts of Drawing, Engraving,
Etching, Limning, Painting, Vcr-
nifliing, Japanjng, Gilding, d^c.



In Two Volumns.



CONTAINING,

I. The Arts nf^ Drawing Men, Women, Landskips, i&c*

II. <?/ Engraving, Etching, ^ni Limning.

III. 0/ Painting, Wafhing, Coloring, Gilding.

IV. Of the Original, Advancement and Perfeftion jf Point-

ing, tvich the Various Paintings of the Ancients.

V. Of the Arts of Beauti fying anflf Perfuming.
Vf. Of the Arts of Dying and Staining.

VII. (7/"Alcliymie,rffl(^?/!;? Grand Elixir of Philofophers.
vni. Of the 112 Chymical Arcana 0/ Peter Faber.

IX. (?/ Cliiromantical Signatures.

X. Of Staining <jnrf Painting Glafs, Enamel <J«</Gems.

XI. (?/ Vernifhing, japaaing, <j/ifl^ Gilding.

The Ej(rhth Editio?j,



Enlarged^ with Above Five Hundred confiderable Additions
thro' the whole IVork/-, nndthe Addition ofalmojifive whole
Boohs ^ not in any of the former Impreffiotis : Adorned with
XXV Copper Sculptures, the lili^ never jet Extant i



By WILLIAM SALMON, M. D.



Non ^uot^ Jed ^^anks.



London^ Printed for A. and 7- Churchill, at the B'acJ^StvaT!
in Paternofter-Roiv. And /. Nichnfm,3t the King%'Arm^
in Little-Britain. M DCCI.



To that

GREAT MAN

S^ Godf. Kneller, Kd



SIR,

T is Honor, as Qv*

cero Jap, which

gives Bei/ig, Life,

and Perfection to

Arts and Sciences^

audit is That in you which, I hope,

mil Indulge this Infant Product ion^

from MinervaV Stock : If it

A 2 Ob-



u


1



Epiftle Dedicatory.

Okains hat jowr Approhation, I
have my End ^ and therein Jljall
account viy Endeavors Eortunate,
and my Self Happy.

I have made bold to Jhelter it
under yotir Vroteclion, of which my
fmnll Confidence makes me believe
I am not deceived : But of this
I am certain. That if it perijles
not by your Difike, it will live
by your Ejliriuition : It is your
Countenance of the Work, which
will be as a Seal to it, and make
it as a Standart of Truth to fuc



c



eedinz Generations.



%b



As Univerfal Fame acknow-
ledges you the Chief of your Vro-^
fejiioUy and has made you a great
Judge of things of this Nature ;
(o I could not have c ho fen out
a more Vit or Excjui fit e Patron ;

a



Epiftle Dedicatory.

a Man ds excellently Accomplifi-'
ed to T>et ermine, (is you are ad-^
mirahly Skilful to ferforvL

The Work of it [elf is kit as a
Dead Body, hat as a Bod) with-
out a Soul 5 it is your Character
and 'Name inuji give it Life and
Spirit j and then with your Ade -
mtrry, I am fure it will be Confe-
crated to Eternity,

I am wholly unskilld in the
Arts of Adulat.iony and know
nothing of 'Flattery : hut this I
fay, that could I V/ritc as £:c-
cellentlyi^ as you can Defg'i^ and
Decipher in Words, as well as you
can with the Pencil, I would leave
to all Fofterity, the Great Life
of the Immortal Kntllcr,

I will not detain you any long-'

er ; hut I have this to Ooferve,

4 3 That



Epiftle Dedicatory.

That jou who are the Honor ef
your Frofejjiony and the Glory tf
your Art, have by your Excellency
therein, ohtained a Vrecedency a-
hove other Men ; and all your
Verformances are fuch, not to make
Imitators, but Admirers, amongfi
whom is,

Sir,

Your Faithful,

AND

Humble Servant,

William SalmoJL



THE



PRE FACE



T



I.r ■ ^ i^E Si(hje[i of the enfuing Work^ is the
Art of Painting •, a Name not only too
fingular^ hut alfo too Jhort or narrow^
to exprcfs whit is here intended there-
by : For we do not only exprefs that Art^ ( oi it is
generally received ) but alfo Drawing, JEngraving,
Etching, Limning, Painting in Oil, Wafhing, Co-
loring and Dying : All winch being confidered in
their proper Extent^ infinitely exceed that curtaiPd
Name <?/ Painting •, which that we might join all in
one proper and comprehenfive Word^ zve made choice
of that Greek Compound, POLYGRAPHICE.

II. To perfwade any one to the Study or Praflice
of thefe Arts, would be a great holly j fince Igno-
rance (zohich is alzvays blind) can never be able to
judge aright : For to him that already under ft ands
it, the Labour zwuld be ufelcfs and unprofitable ; to
him which is already delighted therein, it zoould bs
needlefs andfuperjluous -, and to the Averfe and Ig-
norant , it zaould be the putting, a Jewel into a.
Staines Snout : The exquifite Knowledge of whicb^
if impofjible ever to be attained or underfiood by f neb

A 4 fre-



The PREFACE.

prejudicatc and cloudy Souls , although it is Suffici-
ently known to 7?hiny already ^ and its Vfefulnefs or
apparent as it is Excellent : To enumerate the one^
or rehearfe the other^ it is hut to perfvcade the
World ^ that it is day-light when the Sun is upon
the Meridian -, or at leaji to inculcate an Ignorance
of thofe things, which have been manijcftly known^
even a long time fince.

III. The Method of this Work is wholly nevo^
't^herein i^e have united and made one^ Juch various
Suhje^ls iiA' have been the uncertain^ opfcure and te-
dious Difcourje of a great number of variom and
large Volumes. What lliall we fay ? Things far a-

f under ^ we have laid together 5 things uncertain^
are here limited and reduced ^ things oh/cure^ we
have made plain •, things tedioi/s^ we have made
fhort •, things erroneous^ we have rectified and cor-
rected •, things hard, we have made facil and ealy ^
tJvngs various, we have colle£led •, things (in ap-
pearance ) Hcterogene, we have made Homogene :
And in a word, all thefe Arts we have reduced to
ccrrain Me;ids ;, brought under a certain Method 5
limited to practical Rides, and made them Perlpicu-
ous, even to a very mean Vnderjlanding,

IV. In the Compofure of this Work, ( hefides our
o^vn Olfervations ) wc have made ufe oj the befi
Authors now extant, that we could pojfbly procure
0) get ifito our hands ; wherein our Labour woi not
jmuU, what in Reading, Comparing, Trarfcribing,

Ciioofing, Correcting, DTpofing^WRtAiling^i;^';^
thing in refpe^t cj Matter, Form and (3rder. The
which had we any Precedent to have followed, any
Vddi to have traced, any Example to have imitated,
any Help to have ccnfulted, or any Subject entire :
Or otherwife^ had the Number oJ our Authors been
fmall, their Maxims Truths, their Rules certain,

t heir



The PREFACE.

■ their Meanings not ohfacre^ or f^Wr' Precepts been
reduced to Method or Order^ we might not only vsiib
much more Eafe^ Flcafure and Certainty ^ lefs La^
hoia\ Trouble and Tains •, greater Verfpcuity^ Tlainr
nefs and Singularity •, belter Order , Method and
Language •, but alfo in fhorter time have brought to
'Perfect ion^ what we here pre/entyou withal.

V. I/z //?/f Eighth Edition, we ha-be inferted above
Jive Hundred feveral Additions of fingular Vfe to the

Matter in hand^ and Jo neceffary to the Work^ that
7mthout them they anight really be accounted Defe-
^ €tive. There is the variom Depi^ings of the Anci-
ents^ according to the Cujioms of feveral Nations.^
drawn from the beft^ moft experienced and faithful-
left Authors^ whether Englifh, Italian or Latin ; tO'
gether with the Original Advancement and Terfe-
ition of thefe Arts.

VI. for the farther Satisfaclion and Plea/ure of
young Art if s^ zgc have given you a Tra?tJl.ation out
^/ Latin, oj the One Hundred and Twelve Arcanums
of Petrus Johannes Faber , a mofi Learned and Fa-
mous Fhyfician (7/^Montpelier /';? France, and a very
great Chymift and Alchymift. They have been ear-
neftly fought for by many higcnious Gentlemen^ but
by reafon of the Scarcenefs and great Price of the
Bock^ they were not cafy to be had ^ arid being alfo
in Latin, not to be under flood by every one zoho had
a Curiofity that zvay. Kv thefe Rcafons we took the
T ains ef Tranflating the fame i, and in fo doings for
the better underflanding of the Matter^ have care-
fully claufed each Particular^ that the Safe of the
Author inight the better be apprehended. But truly
it is our Opinion^ that moft of the ?r^ if not all .^ need
a Clavis or Key to unlock them^ that their Meaning
and Intention might be underffood-^ and one Key, it
is fiid, will unfold them all^ except ii^o of them^

whofe



The PREFACE.

vohofe Meaning and Interpretation is according to
their literal ExpreJJion : The Invefiigation of the
Key, or finding out thofe two unriddled Arcanums,
we fhall leave to the Scrutiny of the Induftrioui Stu-
dent , who may at one time or other per Accideris
meet with that nnlookt for^ and unthought of which
is by many fo much defired^ and which peradventwe
by the fame Hand might have other wife been perpe^
rually fought f$r in vain.



WIUAAM SALMON.



THE




T



I. ^ J "^ HIS Book having in a few Years
time fo obtained in the World, as to
come to an Eighth Imprelhon, above
Fifteen Thoufand of them having been
already Sold ^ I was requefted once
more to give it a Review, not only to mend the
Faults efcaped in tlie former Impreflions, and to re-
duce it to fome betttr Order and Method ^ but
alfo to add to it fuch other new Matter as the
Nature of tlie Book might require, to fupply it in
feveral places, where it might be defeaive or
wanting : To Explicate it in fuch Places and Para-
graphs which were dubious, and not vulgarly In-
telligible : And further to Enlarge it with a num-
ber of New and moft Excellent Secrets, not yet
in many Mens Hands.

11. As to the particulars, which are added in tliis
Impreffon, you have, i. In the firft Book, an
Appendix containing five whole Ch pters. 2. The
Sixth Book of Dyi^ig and Staining ivholly new,
never any thing of that kind being publiflied in
Print to our knowledge before. It was the Manu-
fcript of an Experienced Dyer, who had pra£lifed
tliat Art above Fifty Years, and Dying, lefi: behind
him his Secret^ of that kind. I challenge nothing
of it, but the new Methodizing, and fitting it for
the Prefs. 3. In the Sevcntli Book, befides the
Additions in the Tenth Chapter, there are added

Eleven



FOSTSCRIPT.

Eleven whole Chapters concerning the Fhilofophick
Tinlfure or EV/a-//-, viz. Chap. XII. XIll. XI\^
XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII.

Which is the certain Work of a True Adept.

4. In the Ninth Book, the Additions are fcattered
throughout, ' but they are fo many as will make
compleatly three q'larters of that whole Book.

5. The Tenth Book, containing XLIII. Chapters,
is wholly new, there being exaftly laid down, and
in a facciu'El and brief Method., all the ways of
Painting, Coloring and Staining of Glafs,' Cryftal,
Enamel and Gems, and the way of making Adul-
terate or Counterleit Precious Stones fo exa8:, that
an Artift himfelf ihall fcarcely difcei'n the Artificial
from the True, without bringing thc-m to the Wheel.
6,. The whole Elcverah Book containmg the Aits
of Vernilhing, Japanning, and Gilding, reduced into
a (horter and much better Method, than ever was
done by any Author before. 7. Befides all which,
we ha\'c farther Enlarged and Compleated it, with
above Five Hundred other Additions, Paragraphs,
and Obfervatioijs, where the order and necellity of
the Work required it, which are interfperfed thro'
the other parts of the Work, viz. of the I. II. III.
IV. and V. Books, in their proper places ^ and are
either Explicatory or Directive to the matter in
hand.

Hi. In the Seventh Book, are fome Difcourfes of
Alchpiu\ and the very Procefs it felf, ( as it is be-
lieved) by which the'Maifers of that Learning, at-
tained to the Sum uf all their Glory. In the Per-
feclion thereof, there are Riches, Honor, Health,
and Long Liie : By -it Artcjim ( a Jew ) lived, as
is reported, a Thoufand \ cars ^ how true it i:>, I
will not lay ^ himfelf affirms it : And very Wile
Men, fuch as ^aracelfus.^ Vontaniis^ and ethers^ fcem
to give Credit to it. And tliereby ¥hiwmc1^ a t'rc/ich
Man. originally ll poor Scrivener in Farjs^ left fo

great



posrscRipr.

great Monuments behind him, as muft convince th«
molt Incredulous, that he knew the Secret, and did
fuch mighty Works, at his own proper Colts and
Charges, as the moft Opulent Prince in Europe can
never do the like. He built Twenty eight Hofpi-
tals in France^ alfo T^venty Churches and Chappcls>
and Endowed them all, with large Revenues and
Incomes.

IV. As to the many Additions to every Impref-
fion of this Book hitherto, 1 make bold to excufe
my felf : I confefs it is an abufe, and fuch an one
which I my felf, who have been a great buyer of
Books, have often complained of ^ it is indeed an
Oppreffion upon the Publick, for when a new Edi-
tion comes forth, with confiderable Additions, the
former Book is worth little or nothing. The truth
is, the Copy was formerly in the hands of fiicBi
Men, who thought much at every Penny they laid
out, and provided it would but anfwer their ends,
,and bring them Money, they cared not how meanly
the Publick was ferved by it. But now it is fallen
into the hands of more GenerSks Spirited Men,
who were delirous of having a good Work, and a
Compleat Thing, and ituck at no Money to bring
the fome to Perfection : And accordingly, you fee
to what a Maturity their Gentleman-like Ijifpofiti-
ons, and Noble Spirits have brought this Book :
'Tis through them, and their means, you have it
thus compleat ^ and to them you ought to (hew
your good Nature, in rendring your Acknowledg-
ments and Thanks, for that otherwife you muft
ha\'e been contented to have taken up with the
few Fragments, wliich the penuriouHiefs of the for-
mer Bookfellers had aflPorded you.

V. But to make you amends for this trefpading,
not fo m.uch upon your Patience, as upon your Pur-
ics, we oiTer you here the Valuable Additions
wliich tiiis IrapreifiOn is enriched withal ^ ivhich i

am



POSTSCRIPT.

am very confident, the ingenious Artift would no?-
be without for ten times all that tlie Book will
coft him, ( notwitliftanding all the other Editions
which he has foimerly bought, which are now like
an old Almanack, out of Date : ) This is enough,
we hope, to give fome fatisfa8:ion, and flop your
repining, efpecially when you fliall confider ( by
comparing this Edition with Ibme of the former )
, what Care and Pains I have taken in the Editing
thereof : This Copy alfo is all Correded from the
Prefs with my own hand, which I will not promife
any future Edition (hall be ^ and therefore may be,
on that account, more Valuable than any that (hall
be hereafter Printed. And withal I promife. That
ftom henceforth I will never make any more Alte-
rations or Additions to this Work.



From my Houfe ztBiackr William Salmon,

Fryers Stairs, Lmdm,
24 OSaber, 1700.



ERRATA.

^Ag. 44. lin. 29. and pag. 45. lin. ^o, for ReSl'tfiedy read Ke-
fieliii, pag. 774. lin. 30. for Cen(uralf read CmtrnU



THE



THE



CONTENTS.



Liber Primus.



Of Drawing.

Chap. ^ Page.

1 /If Polygraphice in General. I

2 Of the Injlruments of Dramng. 2

Of WAking Pajiils or Crions. 2, 3> 4, 5

Of u/ing Paxils or Crions. 6

Of ujtng Indian Ink. j

3 Of the Precepts of Dramng in General. 7

4 Particular ehfervations in Dramng. lO

5 Of the Imitation of the Life. 15

6 Of the Imitation of Draughts. I^

7 Of Dramng the fMe of a Man. iS
• 8 Of Dramng the extream Parts. 23

9 Of Dramng the whole Body. 21

10 Of Dramng a naked, Body. 22

11 Of fhadoTPing a naked Body. 24

12 Of the re ay and manner of Sh adorn ng. 25

13 Of exprejjing Pajfions in the Face. 26

28

16 0/



14 Of human Proportion,
35 Of Drapery.



The CONTENTS.

Chap. Pag<j;

16 Of mixed and uncertain Formt. 28

17 Of Landskip. tg

18 Of Diapering and Antiijue. ai
Ip Of taking the true Draught of a Figure. 42

To take the fhape of a Leaf^ Herb, &c. 42

To tab the Picture of an Herb from an old Pi-

El'4re, 43

20 Of expending or c6ntra[}:in^ a Piciure. 44

21 Of Perfpeciive in General, 44

22 0/ f/jf Aciive part of PerfpeSlive. a6
2'^OfthefubieSitobejieen. aj

24 Of the general praEtife of PerfpeElive. 4p

APPENDIX.

25 0/ the UJes of Perfpeciive. ^i

26 Of the meafures of human Bodies. 5?

27 Offome General Obfervations. <±

28 Of Light, Shadow and Color. ^7
Sp 0/ the Explication of Terms of Art. 62



Liber Seamdus*



Of Engraving, Etching, and Limning.

I f\P Graving and the Infiruments thereof. 6cf

^^ 2 Of Polifhing the Copper Plate. 71

Of holding the Graver. . 71

Of the vnay and manner oC- Engraving. 72

^ Of Imitation of Coppies or Prints. 7^

6 Of Engraving in Wood called Cutting. 74

7 Of Etching, and the AiateriaU thereof * 75
To make the hard f^arnifh. j6
To make thejoft P^arnifh. 76
To make the Aqua-fortis. 77

8 Of uftng the hard J^arnifh. ■^p
y Of the yray and manner of Etching. 80



The CONTENTS.

Chap. Page."

Of Etchmz Landslips. 82

10 Of ufmg the Aqua-fortis. 84.

11 Of finlping the Work, 8"^

12 Ofn/tng the Joft Farnifh. 86

13 Of Etching upon the Joft yarniffj. 87

14 Of uflng the Aqua-fortis and fimfhing the W-.rh.. 8S
I') Of Limning and the Materials thereof i 90

16 Of the Gums and their Ufe. 91

17 Of the feven Colors in General, 9 2
1% Of Colors in Particular. > 94

Ohfervations on Reds. 9^

Ohfervations on BrofpnL 99

Ohfervations on Greens. it>iJ.

Ohfervations on Tsllows. ibid

Ohfervations on Blems. too

Ohfervations on Whites. ibid

Ohfervations on Blacksi ibid

-f4 glorious color of Eaft-Iiidi.l Cz^^/. } ot

19 0/ /z?/Vv^ and compound Colors. ibid

20 Of Colors for Drapery. 1 05

21 Of Liquid Gold and Silver, 107

Argentum Muficum- ibid

Autum Muficum^ . p ^- icS

22 Of preparing the Color). t^ailUfa .' ic^
Mixtures for fhadomng Hi [lories. j i r
Mixtftres for fhadomng Faces. ibid
Mixtures for fhadow.ing Hair. ibid

23 0/ f/)# manual Injlruments. 112

24 Of Preparations for Limning, 1.14
2^ Of Limning in A^iniature,.. n6

26 Of Limning Drapery. lip

27 0/ Limning Landslip. 1 24

28 Of Light and Shadamy 1 26

29 Of Colors more particularly. :, ■. \-..y. 1^0

30 Of making fome Original Color s:^- , 1

31 Of Limning to the Life in General c i



m-



?^



71;^ JDf^^ coloring of a Figure.

To draw rcith Indian Ink. 1 3 5

^2 Of Limning Landslip parikularly. , J:^9

33 Of the various forms or degrees of, Coloring,* I I'a

34 0/ Limning the She, Clo-dsj ,&c. " i f,'

35 Of Limning Towns, Ceiftlesj R^tini.



i.^. -



a . 36 Of



The CONTENTS.

Chap. Pgae

36 Of Mountains, Hills and the like. J45

37 Of Trees, Boughs, Cottages, &c. 146

38 Of Limning naked Figures. 147
3P Of Limning^ Hair. 145

40 Of Walls, Chambers and the like. ^ 14^

41 Of Marble Pillars, Rocks, &ic. I^o

42 0/ Coloring Metals. ibid

43 Of Limning Florvers. 151

44 Of Radifhes, Turneps, Melons, Cucumhrs. 152

45 0/ Limning Fruits. 1 55

46 Of Limning Birds. 1 54

47 Of Limning Beajis. 1 55

48 0/ Limning Serpents. 157
^p Of LimningWaters and Fijh. 158



Li^^r Tertius.



Of Painting, Wafhing, Gilding, Colors, ^r.

I /^^ Painting in General. 1 59
^^ 2 0/ Painting in Oil and the Materials there-
of. 161

3 Of Colors in General and their Jiguifications. 163

4 O/" fitting colors for Painting. 1 64

5 O/^ Co/or J- /o/- Velvet. . 165

6 0/ Colors for Sattins. 1 66

7 O/" Co/or; /<9r Taffety, Cloth, Leather. 1 67

8 Of Colors for Garments in General. 168
p Of Colors for Metals and Precious Stones. j6p
10 Of Colors for Landskip. 1 70

II Of Painting the Face. 1 71

12 Of clean ftng eld Paintings. 1 72

13 Of a Picture in General. 174

14 0/ //)^ c/;{)zf(? ofCoppies or Patterns. 1 76

15 0/ dijpofmg of Pitlures and Primings. ijy

16 Of



Oiap. _ ^ Pigc^

16 Of Frefcoe, or Painting of Wijlls . 17S

ly Of Painting Sun dials ^ Tl^hcr-worl, Sici lyp

How Colors are to he Jet off. 185

To transfer the drasfght of a Dial upon the Plane:. iSo

To Gild the Figures of Sun dials. 1S7

18 Tvafhing Maps, PiEiurcs, Sic. i^p

ip Of Colors fimple for rcafhin^JUfaps-i S/x. ipi

To mah Verdigrife according to Glauber. ip'i, ,

■30 Of Colors compound for wa/hing Maps, &c, ip.y

2i Of mixing Colors and Shadomng. ip6

22 Of Colors for ivafl:^ing Landskips. ipS^

23 Of the PraBice of WafJping. ipp ,
HoTv to lay on your Colors. 200

^iJ. Ohfervations on Vegetable Colors. 23 2:

25 Ohfervations on Mineral Colors. 226

16 Of Metals. [ \\ . 20p'

2y Of the way and inafiTisr of Gilding. 215
28 0/ making vploite Colors, and wmt^ning PUijfer Walls.

2p 0/ Mczzotinto, and taking ojf an old PHm on ivhite

Paper. 220

30 Of making various forts of Ink. 221



Liber QuarUis.



The Original, Advancement cind Perfedrion
of the Arc of Painting : E)cemplified m the
various Paintings ofdie Ancicnrs.



C\t^ the Original of thefe Arts.

^-^ 2 Of tbe Proirrefs of thefe Ans.



3 Of the PerfeEiion ef^the Art of Painimg. . ^16

4 Of the Ancients de pitying their Ggds,. 4t]iftf-fiof S4t.iirn.

■■■-.' ■ ' ■ ' 3'3i>

a 2 5 Ca*^



The CONTENTS.

Chap. Page,

5 Of the Ancients depi^ing Jupiter. , 327

6 Of tke Ancients depi^iing Mars. 529

7 Of the Ancients depiUing Phcebus or Sol. 330

8 Of the Antients depiEling Venus. 332

p Of the Ancients depi^ing Mc^ccmy- 335

10 Of the Ancients depicting Diana or Luna. 335

1 1 Of the Ancients depiBing Janus. 337

1 2 0/ the Ancients dcpiBing Aurora. 338

13 Of the Ancients depi^ing Juno. 33P

14 or the Ancients depiEiing Ops or Tellu?. 340

15 Of the Ancients depiBingNt[)\.imQ and Sea-gocls. 341

16 Of the Ancients dcpi^ing Ncmeiis. 343

17 Of the Ancients dcpitlingVstn. ibid

1 8 Of the Ancients dcpiEiing Plato. 345

1 9 Of the Ancients depicting the Vsmcx. 346

20 Of the Ancients depi^ing Minerva or Pallas. ibid

21 Of the Aficients depicting Vulcdn, 347

22 Of the Ancients depiBing Bacchus. 348

23 Of the Ancients depicting Fortune. 349

24 Of Virtue, Trmh, Peace , Honor , Fume, Opinion, 352

25 Of Ni^ht, Sleep, Silence, Pleajure, Fear 353
"26 Of Pmlofophers, Law-givers, Kings, Qneens^ 355

27 Of the Painting of the Sybils. 357

28 Of Arts, Virtues, Pajfions, and minor Gods. 359

29 Of cxprfjjing the Powers. 362

Eternity. ibid

Time. Fate, Fortune. ' 363

Ecjuality, ViBory, Peace, Providence, Concord, Fame,

Dcftiny. 364

::50 Of depicting Virtues and Vices. 365

31 Of depict in g Rivers. ^6j

Tiber, Nilus, Tigris. ibid

Ganges, IikIus, Tliamifis, Ainu-, Po, Daiuibius.

• 3^S

AcheJou?, Niger. 369

-3 2 Of depiBing the Nymphs. ibid

Napjea, Dryades, Naiade?, llictis, Galatea, Iris.

370

Nymph.'c dianx, Aurora. ^71

3 3 Of depicting the nine A'laje.:. 'ibid

^^ O'- the foHr Winds. , 372

^5 Of the Alanths of the Tear- 373

Liber



The CONTENTS.



hiber Suintns,



Of Beautifying and Perfuming.

Chap. Page:

I ^\P Painting the Face and Skin. ^ 375
^^ ^OfCofmmchwhichhaMifymthofitPaint. 380

3 OfX^ofmeticks for the Fices of the Skin. 384

4 Of other admirable Beautifiers, 3°^

5 Of cleanfing the Teeth. ^91

6 Of making a fweet Breath. 35?3

7 Of beautifying the Hair. ^90

8 Of Perfuming in General. 3PP
p Of the Aiatter of which Per fumes are ?nade. . ibid
10 Of the Oil of Ben. , 400

II 0/ Svpeet V/aters. 401
J 2 Of Perfuming Oils and Spirits. 404
1 ^ Of Perfuming Ejfences. 406
l^ Of Perfuming Unguents. 408

1 5 0/ Perfuming Ponders. 409

16 Of Perfuming Baljams, 4^4

1 7 0/ Perfuming Tablets. \ 415

1 8 Of Pomanders for Bracelets. 41 6
IpOfPerfumingWaJh-balls. 4x9
^o Of Perfuming Soaps. 421

21 Of burning and boiling Perfumes. 422

22 Of Animal and Mineral Perfumes. _ 425

23 Of ?/jf Adulteration of Musk, Civet, Ambcrgrije, 426
2\ Of Perfuming Cloth, Skins, Gloves. 428



* 5



Liher



The CONTjEHTS.



Liber Sextus,



Of the Arts of Dying and Staining.

Chap. Page,

"^ (\^ ^y'"S ^fh Colors. 431

^^ 2 Of Dying BUds. 433

3 Of Dying B I cm. ^ 436

4 Of Dying Broy.ns. 438
% Of Dying a CinnamonColor. 44O

6 Of Dying Clove Colors. . 442.

7 O" Dying Flejh Colors. ' 443

8 Of Dying Gnyy RHJfet^ or Lead Colors^ 444
p Of Dying Greens. 445

I o O,^ Z); j/z^ H.?/V Co/or/. 449

I I Of Dying Ahiife Colors. 45Q

1 2 Of Dying Pink Colors. 453

1 3 Of Dying a Rofe Color. 453

14 Of Dying Red Rofe or Carnation Color. 454
150,^ Dyins^ Red Colors . 455

1 6 or D).//;ir ^ Re:{ Blufh Color. 45a

17 0/ 7^;/;.'_^ Scarlet nnd the Bon-dy:. 459.
1% Of Dying Sand Colors. ^ 461

19 Of Dying Sn^-^ Colors. ^ " 462,

20 O/" T^T'wj ^/£'/iff <?«(^ Purple Cehrs. 4^3

21 Of Dying ycllons and orange Tanny. 465

22 Of Watering Stf^s., tahngom Spots. /!^6y

23 O^' T^T^//^ P.?/jfrj P.p-chwent, Leather, d.69
^■\. Of Dying Wood, HornSj Bowsy 6:c. 472
123 The Conclufion. 474



The CONTENTS.



Liber Septimus,



Of Alchimy, and the Philolbphers Elixir.



Online LibraryWilliam SalmonPolygraphice, or, The arts of drawing, engraving, etching, limning, painting, vernishing, japaning, gilding, &c. : in two volumes ... → online text (page 1 of 72)