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" Rambures. He longs to eat the English.
Constable. I think he will eat all he kills."

40. Tax. Reproach, inveigh against. Cf. A. Y. L. ii. 7. 71, 86, Ham.
i. 4. 1 8, iii. 3. 29, etc.

41. Meet with you. Even with you, a match for you. Steevens says
that the expression is common in the midland counties, and quotes Hol-
iday, T%royjuia, 1618 : "Go meet her, or else she '11 be meet with me."

43. Victual. Elsewhere S. uses the plural. Bacon has both "Vict-
ual " and " Victuals " in Essay xxxiii. Cf. Exod. xii. 39 and Josh. i. n.

Holp. S. uses both helped and holp as past tense and as participle.
For the former use of 'holp, see K. John, i. i. 240, Cor. v. 3. 63, etc. ; and
for the latter, Temp. i. 2. 63, Rich. II. v. 5. 62, Macb. \. 6. 23, etc. We
find holpen in Ps. Ixxxiii. 8, Dan. xi. 34, etc.

44. Trencher-man. Cf. trencher-friend ( parasite) in T. of A. iii. 6.
1 06, and trencher -knight ( waiter) in L. L. L. v. 2. 464 (cf. 476) ; also
Lodge, Wifs Miserie, 1596 : " His doublet is of cast satten cut sometime
upon taifata, but that the bumbast hath eaten through it, and spotted
here and there with pure fat to testifie that he is a good trencher-man."

49. Stuffed. Fully endowed. Cf. R. and J. iii. 5. 183 : " Stuff 'd, as
they say, with honourable parts;" and W. T. ii. i. 185 : "of stuff 'd suffi-
ciency." Edwards observes that Mecle, in his Discourses on Scripture,
speaks of Adam as "he whom God had stuffed with so many excellent
qualities." Beatrice uses the word contemptuously - stuffed out, padded.



120 NOTES.

Farmer says that a stuffed man was " one of the many cant phrases for
a cuckold"

52. Stuffing. Halliwell says : " Beatrice seems to use the term stuff-
ing in a sense analogous to the Latin vestis fartum ; or, possibly, in ref-
erence to his mental qualities."

We are all mortal. One of the affected phrases of the time. Cf. Sir
Gyles Goosecappe, Knight, 1606 : " Sir Gyles Goosecap has always a
deathes head (as it were) in his mouth, for his onely one reason for ev-
ery thing is, because wee are all mortall."

57. Five wits. The wits, or intellectual powers, seem to have been
reckoned as five to correspond with the five senses, which were also
called wits. Cf. Chaucer, Persones Tale : " the five wittis ; as sight, here-
ing, smelling, savouring, and touching." Boswell quotes a prayer by Sir
Thomas More, in which he asks to be forgiven for his sins "in mispend-
ing of my five wittes." Schmidt says that "the proverbial five wits"
were "common wit, imagination, fantasy, estimation, memory." In
Sonn. 141. 9 we find the two meanings distinguished :

" But my five wits nor my five senses can
Dissuade one foolish heart from serving thee."

59. To keep himself warm. "To have wit enough to keep one's self
warm " was a common proverb. Cf. T. of S. ii. I. 268 :

" Petruchio. Am 1 not wise ?
Katharina. Yes ; keep you warm."

Steevens quotes among other examples of the phrase, B. J., Cynthia's Rev-
els: "your whole self cannot but be perfectly wise ; for your hands have
wit .enough to keep themselves warm."

Bear it for a difference. That is, for a mark of distinction ; a term in
heraldry. Cf. Ham. iv. 5. 183 : "you must wear your rue with a differ"
ence." '

62. Sworn brother. See Rich. II. p. 208 or A. Y. L. p. 199.

64. Faith. That is, his fidelity as a friend.

65. Block. Still the technical term for the wooden model on which
hats are shaped. Cf. Lear, iv. 6. 187 : "this' a good block." See also
Epigrammes by I. D., 1596 :

"He weares a hat now of the flat-crowne blocke,

The treble ruffes, long cloake, and doublet French ;
He takes tobacco, and doth weare a locke ;
And wastes more time in dressing then a wench ;"

and Dekker, Seven Deadly Sinnes of London, 1606 : "the blocke for his
head alters faster then the feltmaker can fitte him, and thereupon we are
called in scorne blockheads."

66. Not in your books. Evidently = not in favour with you, but the
origin of the phrase has been much disputed. Johnson gives it " to be
in one's codicils or will, to be among friends set down for legacies."
Steevens takes the books to be memorandum-books, or, perhaps, heraldic
records (cf. T. of S. ii. I. 225). Farmer says " to be in a man's books orig-
inally meant to be in the list of his retainers." K. explains it as a com-
mercial allusion =one to whom you give credit. Schmidt, like Steevens,



ACT I. SCENE I. 121

decides on "books of memory" (i Hen. VI. ii. 4. 101 and 2 Hen. VI. i.

1. 100), which seems the most plausible explanation.

68. Squarer. Quarreller, bully. Cf. square quarrel in M. N. D. ii. I.
30, A. and C. ii. I. 45, iii. 3. 41, etc.

74. Presently. Immediately ; the usual meaning in S. Cf. Temp. i.

2. 125, iv. i. 42, v. i. 101, etc.

75. A thousand pound. See Rich. II. p. 182.

77. Hold friends with you. Cf. M.for M. i. 2. 185 :

" Implore her in my voice, that she make friends
To the strict deputy."

89. Charge. Burden, incumbrance (Johnson). Douce thinks it means
" the person committed to your care."

94. You have it full. Schmidt explains this as = "you are the man,
you will do," and compares T. of S. i. i. 203 ; but it seems rather =you
get as good as you sent, you are well answered.

95. Fathers herself. Is like her father ; a phrase common in Dorset-
shire (Steevens). For the verb, cf. J. C. ii. i. 297, Macb. iv. 2. 27, etc.

101. Still. Continually ; as in 117 below. Gr. 69.

105. Is it possible, etc. Steevens compares Cor. ii. I. 93 : " Our very
priests must become mockers, if they encounter such ridiculous subjects
as you are."

107. Convert. For the intransitive use, cf. R. of L. 592, Macb. iv. 3.
229, Rich. II. v. I. 66, v. 3. 64, etc.

109. Of. By. Cf. Macb. iii. 6. 27, etc. Gr. 170.

112. A dear happiness. True good luck. Cf. R. and J. iii. 3. 28:
" This is dear mercy."

1 18. Scape. Not " 'scape," as often printed. See Macb. p. 214 or Wb.
s. v.

Predestinate is used by S. nowhere else. For the form, see Gr. 342.

121. Were. The Coll. MS. omits the word.

128. A jade's trick. Cf. A. W. iv. 5. 64: "If I put any tricks upon
'em, sir, they shall be jade's tricks ;" T. and C. ii. i. 21 : "a red mur-
rain o' thy jade's tricks !" Tor jade = 3. worthless or vicious horse, see
V. and A.T&\,J. C. iv. 2. 26, etc.

139. I am not of many words. Cf. M.for M. ii. I. 204: "Are you of
fourscore pounds a year?" Oth. v. i. 65 : "Are you of good or evil?"
Sir J. Hawkins says : " The poet has judiciously marked the gloominess
of Don John's character by making him averse to the common forms of
civility."

141. Please it your grace, etc. Will it please your grace, etc. Cf.
Temp. iii. 3. 42: "Will 't please you taste of what is here?" The to
is sometimes inserted ; as in iii. 5. 18 below : "It pleases your worship
to say so," etc. See Gr. 349.

149. Tyrant. That is, one who shows no mercy. Cf. M.for M. ii. 4.
169 : " I '11 prove a tyrant to him."

162. Sad. Serious. Cf. A. Y. L. iii. 2. 227 : " Speak sad brow and
true maid." See also i. 3. 54 and ii. i. 307 below.

Flouting -Jack. Cf. Temp. iv. i. 198 : " Monster, your fairy, which you
say is a harmless fairy, has done little better than played the Jack with



122 NOTES.

us." We \iZ.Mt flout ing-stock ( laughing-stock) in M. W. iii. I. 120 and
iv. 5. 83. Cf. the use of flout in ii. 3. 132, v. i. 95, and v. 4. 100 below.

To tell us Cupid is a good hare-flnder, etc. This puzzled Johnson and
Steevens, but Toilet explains it : "Do you scoff and mock in telling us
that Cupid, who is blind, is a good hare-finder, which requires a quick
eye-sight ; and that Vulcan, a blacksmith, is a rare carpenter ?" Schmidt
suspects a double meaning in hare-flnder.

164. Togo in. To join you in.

168. No such matter. Nothing of the kind. See on ii. 3. 198 below.

169. There 'j her cousin, etc. A hint of the half-liking for Beatrice
which is hidden under Benedick's depreciation of her.

176. With suspicion. That is, "on account of the horns hidden under
it" (Schmidt). Cf. 212 and 232 below.

179. Sigh away Sundays. "A proverbial expression to signify that
a man has no rest at all" (Warb.) ; or more probably, as Steevens ex-
plains it, an allusion to the Puritanic observance of Sunday.

187. With who ? Cf. " To who ?" in Oth. i. 2. 52, Cymb. iv. 2. 75, etc.
Gr. 274.

189. If this were so, etc. " If this were the truth, so it would be ut-
tered" (J. H.).

190. Like the old tale, etc. Mr. Blake way gives this old tale as he heard
it in childhood from his great aunt: "Once upon a time, there was a
young lady (called Lady Mary in the story), who had two brothers. One
summer they all three went to a country-seat of theirs, which they had
not before visited. Among the other gentry in the neighbourhood, who
came to see them, was a Mr. Fox, a bachelor, with whom they, particu-
larly "the young lady, were much pleased. He used often to dine with
them, and frequently invited Lady Mary to come and see his house.
One day that her brothers were absent elsewhere, and she had nothing
better to do, she determined to go thither, and accordingly set out unat-
tended. When she arrived at the house and knocked at the door, no
one answered. At length she opened it, and went in. Over the portal
of the hall was written, ' Be bold, be bold, but not too bold.' She ad-
vanced over the staircase, the same inscription. She went up over
the entrance of a gallery, the same. She proceeded over the door of
a. chamber, ' Be bold, be bold, but not too bold, lest that your heart's
blood should run cold.' She opened it it was full of skeletons, tubs
full of blood, etc. She retreated in haste. Coming down stairs, she
saw, out of a window, Mr. Fox advancing towards the house, with a
drawn sword in one hand, while with the other he dragged along a
young lady by her hair. Lady Mary had just time to slip down and
hide herself, under the stairs, before Mr. Fox and his victim arrived
at the foot of them. As he pulled the young lady up stairs, she caught
hold of one of the bannisters with her hand, on which was a rich brace-
let. Mr. Fox cut it off with his sword : the hand and bracelet fell into
Lady Mary's lap, who then contrived to escape unobserved, and got home
safe to her brothers' house.

"After a few days Mr. Fox came to dine with them, as usual (wheth-
er by invitation, or of his own accord, this deponent saith not). Afier



ACT I. SCENE I.



123



dinner, when the guests began to amuse each other with extraordinary
anecdotes, Lady Mary at length said she would relate to them a remark-
able dream she had lately had. * 1 dreamed,' said she, * that as you, Mr.
Fox, had often invited me to your house, I would go there one morning.
When I came to the house, I knocked, etc., but no one answered. When
1 opened .the door, over the hall was written, " Be bold, be bold, but not
too bold." But,' said she, turning to Mr. Fox, and smiling, *it is not so,
nor it was not so.' Then she pursues the rest of the story, concluding
at every turn with, * It is not so, nor it was not so,' till she comes to the
room full of dead bodies, when Mr. Fox took up the burden of the tale,
and said, ' It is not so, nor it was not so, and God forbid it should be
so;' which he continues to repeat at every subsequent turn of the dread-
ful story, till she comes to the circumstance of his cutting off the young
lady's hand ; when, upon his saying, as usual, ' It is not so, nor it was
not so, and God forbid it should be so,' Lady Mary retorts, ' But it is so,
and it was so, and here the hand I have to show,' at the same time pro-
ducing the hand and bracelet from her lap : whereupon, the guests drew
their swords, and instantly cut Mr. Fox into a thousand pieces."

196. To fetch me in. Schmidt explains this "to take me in, to dupe
me ;" that is, to entrap me into a confession.

198. Spoke. The quarto reading; the folio has "speake." As Stee-
vens remarks, Benedick means that he spoke his mind when he said
" God forbid it should be so !"

208. In the force of his will. " Warburton's professional eye first
detected the allusion here to heresy, as defined in scholastic divinity ;
according to which it was not merely heterodox opinion, but a wilful
adherence to such opinion. The subject was a familiar one in Shake-
speare's day" (W.). For a different but less probable explanation, see
Schmidt.

212. Recheat. Notes sounded on the horn to call off the hounds.
Winded- blown. The meaning is, I will not wear a horn on my fore-
head which the huntsman may blow (Johnson).

213. Baldrick. A baldric k was a belt, girdle, or sash, sometimes a
sword-belt; generally passed round one side of the neck and under the
opposite arm. Turbervile, in his Book of Hunting, ed. 1611, gives a fig-
ure of a huntsman with his horn hanging from a baldrick worn in that
way. Sylvester (Du Bartas] calls the zodiac " heaven's baldrick." Cf.
Spenser, Prothalamion :

"That like the twins of Jove, they seem'd in sight,

Which decke the Bauldricke of the Heavens bright."

The invisibility of the horns of the cuckold is often alluded to by the
old writers, as Halliwell shows by many quotations.

215. Fine. End, conclusion. For the play on the word, cf. Ham. v. I.
115 : " the fine of his fines."

222. A ballad-maker's pen. Referred to contemptuously as a worth-
less instrument (Halliwell).

225. Argument. Subject (that is, for satire). Cf. M. N. D. iii. 2. 242 :

" If you have any pity, grace, or manners.
You would not make me such an argument ;"



124 NOTES.

and i Hen. IV. ii. 2. 100 : " it would be argument for a week, laughter
tor a month, and a good jest for ever."

226. Like a cat. Shooting at a cat hung up in a bottle or a basket
was one of the " manly sports " of the olden time. Steevens quotes
Warres, or the Peace is Broken : " arrowes flew faster than they did at
a catte in a basket;" and Cormi-copice, 1623 : "bowmen bold, which at
a cat do shoot."

228. Adam. Alluding to Adam Bell, an outlaw whose fame as an
archer is celebrated in a ballad which may be found in Percy's Reliques

230. /;/ time, etc. The line is taken from The Spanish Tragedy where
it reads, "In time the savage bull sustains the yoke." It had appeared
even earlier in Watson's Passionate Centurie of Love, 1582. In the origi-
nal copy (MS. Harl. 3277) it reads, "In tyme the bull is brought to beare
the yoake, but it was afterwards printed "weare the yoake." Cf. Ovid
Tristia, iv. 6. i : " Tempore ruricolae patiens fit taurus aratri ;" and De
Arte Amandt, i. 471 : "Tempore difficiles veniunt ad aratra juvenci "

240. In Vemce. Venice was then "the capital of pleasure and in-
trigue," as Pans is now. Cf. Greene, Never Too Late: "this great city
of Venice is holden Loves Paradice."

242. You will temporize, etc. You will come to terms in the course of
time. Cf. T. and C. iv. 4. 6 : " If I could temporize with my affection,"
etc.

248. Tuition. Guardianship ; the etymological meaning. S. uses the
word nowhere else.

252. Guarded. Faced, bordered. Guards were trimmings or facings
of lace or embroidery. Cf. M. of V. ii. 2. 164 :

" Give him a livery
More guarded than his fellows' ;"

Hen. VIII. prol. 16 : " In a long motley coat guarded with yellow ;" L.
L. L. iv. 3. 58 : " O, rhymes are guards on wanton Cupid's hose," etc.

253. Flout old ends. Make sport of old endings of letters, like those
just quoted by Claudio and Don Pedro. Reed cites Barnaby Googe's
dedication to the first edition of Palingenius, 1560: "And thus commit-
tyng your Ladiship with all yours to the tuicion of the most mercifull
God, I ende. From Staple Inne at London, the eighte and twenty of
March." Malone adds Drayton's ending of a letter to Drummond of
Hawthornden, in 1619 : "And so wishing you all happiness, I commend
you to God's tuition, and rest your assured friend." Cf. A', of L. 1308,
where Lucrece ends her letter thus :

" So I commend me from our house in grief;

My woes are tedious, though my words are brief."

Examine your conscience. " Examine if your sarcasms do not touch
yourself" (Johnson).

257. Thine to teach. " Ready to be taught by you" (J. H.). Walker
conjectured "use" for teach, but no change is called for.

262. Affect. Love. Cf. T. G. of V. iii. i. 82:

" There is a lady in Verona here
Whom I affect." etc.

263. Went onward. Started.



ACT I. SCENE II. 125

267. And that. For the use of that, see Gr. 285.

271. To wars, We adopt the pointing of Coll., Hallivvell, and W.
Don Pedro interrupts Claudio in his fine-twisted story.

275. Break with her. Broach the subject to her. Cf. 71 G. of V. i. 3.
44 : " now will we break with him ;" Hen. VIII. v. I. 47 : " Have
broken with the king," etc. S. uses break to in the same sense; as in
292 just below. He also has break with = break one's word to ; as in
M. W. iii. 2. 57 : "we have appointed to dine with Mistress Anne, and
I would not break with her for more money than I '11 speak of."

The words and with her father ; Ami thou shalt have her, omitted in
the folio, were restored by Theo.

281. Salvd. Palliated. Cf. Cor. iii. 2. 70 :

k 'you may salve so,

Not what is dangerous present, but the loss
Of what is, past."

Treatise. Discourse, talk. Cf. V. and A. 774: "Your treatise makes
me like you worse and worse;" Macb. v. 5. 12: "a dismal treatise"
(that is, tale).

283. The fairest grant, etc. " The best boon is that which answers the
necessities of the case" (St.) ; or what will serve is fit, as the next line
gives it. Hayley suggested " to necessity." Hanmer reads "plea," and
the Coll. MS. "ground" for grant.

284. '7 'is once. "Once for all; 't is enough to say at once" (Stee-
vens) ; or " 't is a fact past all help " (Schmidt). So in C. of E. iii. I. 89,
"Once this"=this much is certain.

287. / will assume thy part, etc. Where is this spoken ? In the next
scene Antonio tells Leonato that a servant of his had overheard the con-
versation in an alley in his orchard ; and in the next scene Borachio
tells John that he had overheard it from behind an arras in tfte house.
Are we to suppose an interval of time between the first and second
scenes of this act ? Or were there two conversations between the Prince
and Claudio on this subject ? Or is it one of those instances of the
poet's carelessness in the minor parts of his plot to which reference has
already been made in M. N. D. p. 122 and Ham. p. 241 ?

289. Unclasp my heart. Cf. T. N. i. 4. 13 :

" I have unclasp'd

To thee the book even of my secret soul."
See also W. T. iii. 2. 168.

290. Take her hearing prisoner, etc. Cf. Cymb. i. 6. 103 : " Takes
prisoner the wild motion of mine eye."

292. After. Afterwards. Cf. Temp. ii. 2. 10 : " And after bite me,"
etc. Gr. 26.

294. Presently. See on 74 above.

SCENE II. 4. Strange. The quarto reading ; omitted in the folio.

5. They. S. uses news both as singular and as plural. Cf. Temp. v.
I. 221, Rich. II. iii. 4. 74, 82, Cor. i. I. 4, etc., with Hen. VIII. ii. 2. 39,
Oth. ii. 2. 7, etc. See also ii. i. 155 below : "these ill news;" and v. 2. 88 :
" this news."



126 A'OTES.

8. Thick - pleached. Thickly interwoven. Cf. Hi. I. 7 below: "the
pleached bower;" A. and C. iv. 14. 73 : "with pleach'd arms" (that is,
folded arms).

Orchard. Garden ; the only meaning Schmidt recognizes in S. See

y. c. p. 142.

9. Thzis much overheard. The quarto reading; the folio has "thus
overheard."

10. Discovered. Revealed. Cf. Lear, ii. I. 68 : "I threaten'd to dis-
cover him," etc.

13. By the top. Cf. A. W. v. 3. 39 : " Let 's take the instant by the
forward top."

For break with, see on i. i. 275 above.

17. Till it appear itself. Till it appear as a reality. H. suggests " ap-
prove "for appear.

18. Withal. With it. Cf. T. G. of V. ii. 7. 67: "he will scarce be
pleas'd withal," etc. Gr. 196.

21. Cousins. "Cousins were anciently enrolled among the depend-
ants, if not domestics, of great families, such as that of Leonato. Petru-
chio, while intent on the subjection of Katharine [T. of S. iv. i. 154] calls
out, in terms imperative, for his * cousin Ferdinand ' " (Steevens). For
the use of cousin in S. see Ham. p. 179 or A. Y. L. p. 147.

Cry you mercy. Beg your pardon. See M. N. D. p. 159.

SCENE III. i. The good year. Supposed to be corrupted from gou-
jere and = " Pox on 't !" ( T. N. iii. 4. 308). Cf. M. W. i. 4. 129, Lear, v. 3.
24, etc. The expression was, however, often used literally ; as in Holy-
band's French Littleton, ed. 1609 : " God give you a good morrow and a
good yeare, Dieu vous doit bon jour et bon an." Halliwell adds sev-
eral similar examples.

4. Breeds it. The // is not found in the early eds. but is given in the
Coll. MS.

8. At least. The quarto reading ; the folio has "yet."

11. Born under Saturn. An astrological allusion. Those born under
Saturn were supposed to be of a phlegmatic or saturnine disposition.
Cf. T.A. ii.3.3i:

" though Venus govern your desires,
Saturn is dominator over mine."

See also 2 Hen. IV. ii. 4. 286.

Goest about. Dost undertake. See M. N. D. p. 177 or Hen. V. p. 174.

12. Mortifying. Used in the literal sense = killing. Cf. M. of V. i. I.
82 : "mortifying groans." See also Hen. V. i. i. 26.

/ cannot hide, etc. "This is one of our author's natural touches. An
envious and unsocial mind, too proud to give pleasure and too sullen to
receive it, always endeavours to hide its malignity from" the world and
from itself under the plainness of simple honesty or the dignity of
haughty independence " (Johnson).

14. Stomach. Appetite ; as in ii. 3. 232 below. See also T. G. of V.
i. 2. 68, T. of S. iv. i. 161, etc.

16. Claw. Tickle, flatter. The origin of the metaphor is illustrated



ACT I. SCEXE III. 127

by 2 Hen. IV. ii. 4. 282. See also Z. Z. L. iv. 2. 66. Reecl quotes Wil-
son, Discourse upon Usury, 1572 : "therefore I will clawe him, and saye
well might he fare, and godds blessing have he too. For the more he
speaketh, the better it itcheth, and maketh better for me."
* 1 8. Controlment. Constraint. Cf. T. A. ii. I. 68 and K. John, i. i. 20.
20. Grace. Favour ; as in ii. 3. 26 below : " one woman shall not
come in my grace," etc.

23. Canker. Canker-rose, or dog-rose. It is similarly contrasted with
the cultivated rose in Sonn. 54. 5 :

" The canker-blooms have full as deep a dye
As the perfumed tincture of the roses ;"

and in I Hen. IV. i. 3. 176 :

" To put down Richard, that sweet lovely rose,
And plant this thorn, this canker, Bolingbroke ?"

24. Blood. Disposition, temper. Cf. 2 Hen. IV. iv. 4. 38: "When
you perceive his blood inclin'd to mirth," etc.

25. Carriage. Bearing, deportment. Cf. C. of E. iii. 2. 14 : " Teach
sin the carriage of a holy saint," etc.

Rob love from any. Cf. Sonn. 35. 14: "that sweet thief which sourly
robs from me ;" and Rich. II. i. 3. 173 : " Which robs my tongue from
breathing native breath."

34. For I use it only. " For I make nothing else my counsellor "
(Steevens). For I make the folio has "I will make."

40. Model. Cf. 2 Hen. IV. i. 3. 42 :

" When we mean to build,
We first survey the plot, then draw the model ;
And when we see the figure of the house,
Then must we rate the cost of the erection ;
Which if we find outweighs ability,
What do we then but draw anew the model," etc.

41. What is he for a fool ? What sort of fool is he ? St. quotes B. J.,
Every Man out of his Humour, iii. 6 : " What is he for a creature ?" and
Ram Alley, iv. 2 : " What is he for a man ?"

43. Marry. See M. of V. p. 138.

46. Proper. For the ironical use, cf. iv. i. 304 below : "a proper say-
i ig !" See also Hen. VIII. i. i. 98, Macb. iii. 4. 60, etc. And for the
contemptuous squire, cf. I Hen. VI. iv. I. 23, Oth. iv. 2. 145, etc.

50. March-chick. That is, a chicken hatched in March ; a sneer at his
forwardness*

52. Entertained for. Employed as. Cf. T. of A. iv. 3. 496 : "To en-
tertain me as your steward still ;" Lear, iii. 6. 83 : " You, sir, I entertain
for one of my hundred," etc.

Smoking a musty room is suggestive of the uncleanly habits of the
time. Steevens quotes Burton, Anat. of Melancholy : "the smooke of
juniper is in great request with us at Oxford, to sweeten our chambers."
Jn a letter from the Lords of the Council in the reign of Edward VI. we
nre told that Lord Paget's house was so small that "after one month it
would wax unsavery for hym to contynue in ;" and in the correspond-
ence of the Earl of Shrewsbury with Lord Burleigh, during the confine-



I 2 8 NOTES.

ment of Mary Queen of Scots at Sheffield Castle, in 1572, we learn that
she was to be removed for five or six days "to klense her chambar, being
kept very unklenly." Again, in a memoir written by Anne Countess of
Dorset, in 1603, we read : " we all went to Tibbals to see the Kinge, who


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Online LibraryWilliam ShakespeareShakespeare's comedy of Much ado about nothing → online text (page 8 of 14)