William Shakespeare.

Shakespere's Historical play of Henry the Fifth, arranged for representation in five acts online

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Henry the Fifth,

Arranged for Representation in Five Acts,













For the Explanatory Notes in this Edition of Henry the
Fifth the following authorities have been consulted :

Nicolas' History of the Battle of Agincourt.

Fabyan. Tyler. Stow. Froissart.

Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Sandford's Genealogical History.

Hall's Chronicle.

The Chronicle of Hardyng.

Holinshed. Monstrelet.

Sharon Turner. Hume.

The Notes on Heraldry, by Alfred Darbyshire, Esq. (See


Authorities consulted by J. D. Watson, Esq., for the
Costumes, Arms, and Armour of Henry the Fifth, as repre-
sented at the Prince's Theatre.

1. The Monumental Effigies of Great Britain, by C. A.

Stothard, F.S.A.
2 Dress and Habits of the People of England, by Joseph


3. Regal and Ecclesiastical Antiquities, by Joseph Strutt.
4. History of British Costume, by J. R. Planche, F.S.A.
5. Costume in England a History of Dress, by F. W.

Fairholt, F.S.A.
6. Dresses and Decorations of the Middle Ages, by Henry

Shaw, F.S.A.

7 Military Antiquities, by Francis Grose, F.A.S.
8. Ancient Armour and Weapons in Europe, by John


9. Old England, by Charles Knight.
10. A Manual of Monumental Brasses, by Rev. Herbert

Harries, M.A.
11. Enquiries into the Origin and Progress of the Science

of Heraldry in England, by J. Dallaway, A. M.
12. A History of Caricature and of the Grotesque in Art,

by Thomas Wright, M.A., F.S.A., etc.
13. Les Arts au Moyen Age, by P. Lacroix.
14. Moeurs, Usages, et Costumes, au Moyen Age, by P.




DUKEOFGLOSTER..( Brothersto )..
DUKE OF BEDFORD.. . ( the King ' J ..
DUKE OF EXETER, Uncle to the King,

DUKE OF YORK, Cousin to the King















Soldiers in

COURT 1 King Henry's

WILLIAMS . . . j

f Formerly Servants to
J Falstaff, now Soldiers
] in King Henry's


BOY, Servant to the above


CHARLES VI., King of France

LEWIS, the Dauphin







J French Lords. [
GRANDPRE, . . . . ( J ,


MONTJOY, a French Herald




DAME QUICKLY, (Pistol's Wife,) an Hostess,

ISABEL, Queen of France

ALICE, a lady attendant upon the Princess Katherine,

Civic and Ecclesiastical Dignitaries, Knights, Nobles, Pages,

Ladies of the Court, and other Attendants;

Soldiers, Citizens, etc., etc.

The following historical characters of the time are also
represented in the various scenes of the play: John de
Holland, Earl of Huntington ; Harry, Lord Fitzhugh ; William,
Sire de Willoughby; John, Sire de Clifford; Thomas of
Lancaster, Duke of Clarence ; Sir John Blount ; Thomas
Fitzallen, Earl of Arundell ; John Mowbray, Earl Marshall;
Thomas, Lord Camoys; Sir William Harrington; Gilbert,
Lord Talbot; Gilbert, Lord lloos; Richard de Vere, Earl of
Oxford ; Walter, Lord Ilungerford ; Thomas, Baron Carew ;
Clyntou ; John Cornwall, Knt., afterwards Lord Fanhope ;
Lord Ferris ; William-de-la-Zouche ; Sir Richard Hastings ;
Sir William Botelor ; Sir John Asheton, Knt. ; John, Lord
Maltravers; Hugh Stafford, Lord Bourchier; Stanley; Sir
Gilbert Umfreville, Earl of Kyme; Sir Simon Felbridge ;
Lewis Robsart, afterwards Lord Bouchier ; Edmond Mortimer,
Earl *f March ; Duke of Alencon.




RUMOUR appears as Chorus.

O for a muse of fire, that would ascend

The brightest heaven of invention !

A kingdom for a stage, princes to act,

And monarchs to behold the swelling scene !

Then should the warlike Harry, like himself,

Assume the port of Mars ; and, at his heels,

Leash'd in like hounds, should famine, eword, and fire,

Crouch for employment.

Suppose, within the girdle of these walls

Are now confin'd two mighty monarchies,

Whose high upreared and abutting fronts

The perilous, narrow ocean parts asunder.

Piece out our imperfections with your thoughts ;

Into a thousand parts divide one man

And make imaginary puissance :

Thirk, when we talk of horses, that you see them

Printing their proud hoofs i' the receiving earth :

For 'tis your thoughts that now must deck our kings,

Carry them here and there ; jumping o'er times;

Turning the accomplishment of many years

Into an hour-glass ; For the which supply,

Admit me chorus to this history.




Present, the Dukes of Bedford (a) and Gloster,(fy Exeter, Warwick,
Westmoreland; others in attendance.

Enter tlie KING.(C)

K. Hen. Where is my gracious lord of Canterbury?

Exe.(d) Not here in presence.

K. Hen. Send for him, good uncle.

West. Shall we call in the ambassador, my liege?

K. Hen. Not yet, my cousin ; we would be resolv'd,
Before we hear him, of some things of weight
That tasK our thoughts, concerning us and France.

Enter the Archbishop of CANTERBURY^) and Bishop of ELY,
with attendants.

Cant. God and his angles guard your sacred throne,
And make you long become it.

K. Hen. Sure, we thank you

My learned lord, we pray you to proceed :
And justly and religiously unfold,
Why the law Salique,($r) that they have in France,
Or should, or should not, bar us in our claim.
And heaven forbid, my dear and faithful lord,
That you should fashion, wrest, or bow your reading,
Or nicely charge your understanding soul,
With opening titles miscreate, whose right
Suits not in native colours with the truth ;
We charge you, in the name of Heaven, take heed :
For never two such kingdoms did contend
Without much fall of blood ; whose guiltless drops

(a) John, Dnke of Bedford, was the third son of King Henry IV.,
bis brother, Henry V., left to him the Regency of France. He die<
The year 1435. This duke was accounted one of the best generals of
royal race of Plantaganet.

(ft) Humphrey. Duke of Oloster, was the fourth son of King Henry
and on the death of his brother, Henry V., became Regent of Engh
It is generally supposed he was strangled. His death took place in
year 1446.

(c) Henry the V. of that name, nnd sonc of Henry the IIII. began
reygne over this reahne of Englando yi; xxi day of the monetl
Marche. * * * This man, before ye deth of hi.s fader, apply ed 1
unto all vyce and insolency, and drewe unto hym all ryot tours
wylde dysposed persons ; but after he wan admytted to the rule of
Uinde, aiione and sodaynly he became a newe man, and tourned all
rage and wyldnes into sobernesse and wyse sadnesse, and the vyce
COP tan t vertue. Fabyan.

He was Duke of Lancaster and Earl of Chester and Derby. Tyler.


Are every one a woe, a sore complaint,

'Gainst him whose wrongs gives edge unto the swords

That make such waste in brief mortality.

Under this conjuration, speak, my lord :

Cant.(h) Then hear me, gracious sovereign ; and you peers,
That owe yourselves, your lives, and services,
To this imperial throne : There is no bar
To make against your highness' claim to France,
But this, which they produce from Pharamond,
" In terram Salicam mulieres ne succedant,"
" No woman shall succeed in Salique land ;"
Which Salique land the French unjustly gloze
To be the realm of France, and Pharamond
The founder of this law and female bar.
Yet their own authors faithfully affirm
That the land of Salique is in Germany,
Between the floods of Sala and of Elbe :

K. Hen, May I, with right and conscience, make this claim?

Cant. The sin upon my head, dread sovereign !
For in the Book of Numbers it is writ,
When the son dies, let the inheritance
Descend unto the daughter. Gracious lord,
Stand for your own ; unwind your bloody flag ;
Look back into your mighty ancestors :
Go, my dread lord, to your great grand sire's tomb,
From whom you claim ; invoke his warlike spirit,
And your great-uncle's, Edward the Black Prince ;
Who on the French ground play'd a tragedy,
Making defeat on the full power of France ;
Whiles his most mighty father on a hill
Stood smiling, to behold his lion's whelp
Forage in blood of French nobility.

West. Awake remembrance of these valiant dead,
And with your puissant arm renew their feats:
You are their heir, you sit upon their throne ;
The blood and courage, that renowned them,
Runs in your veins ; and my thrice-puissant liege
Is in the very May-morn of his youth,
Ripe for exploits and mighty enterprises.

Exe. Your brother kings and monarchs of the earth

(d) Exeter was half brother to King Henry IV., being one of the sons of
John of Gaunt, by Catherine Swynforn.

(e) Henry Chichely, a Carthusian monk, recently promoted to the see of

(/) John Fordham, consecrated 1388 ; died, 1426.

\g) THE LAW SALIQUE. According to this law no woman was permitted
to govern or be a queen in her own right. The title was only allowed to
the wife of the monarch. This law was imported from Germany by the
warlike Franks.

(h) The Archbishop's speech in this scene, explaining King Henry's title
to the crown of France-, ie closely copied from Holinshed's chronicle,
page 545.


Do all expect that you should rouse yourself,
As did the former lions of your blood.

West. They know your grace hath cause, and means, and

might :

So hath your highness ; never king of England
Had nobles richer, and more loyal subjects ;
Whose hearts have left their bodies here in England,
And lie pavilion'd in the fields of France.

K. Hen. Call in the messenger sent from the dauphin.

Exit Herald with Lords. The KING ascends his throne.

Now we are resolved ;(d) and, by Heaven's help
And yours, the noble sinews of our power,
France being ours, we'll bend it to our awe,
Or break it all to peices: there we'll sit,
Ruling, in large and ample empery,
O'er France and all her almost kingly dukedoms,
Or lay these bones in an unworthy urn,
Tombless, with no remembrance over them.

Enter Ambassadors of France. (&) Attendants carrying a
treasure chest.

Now are we well prepared to know the treasure
Of our fair cousin dauphin ; for, we hear,
Your greeting is from him, not from the king,

Amb. May't please your majesty to give us leave
Freely to render what we have in charge ;
Or shall we sparingly show you far off
The dauphin's meaning, and our embassy?

K. Hen. We are no tyrant, but a Christian king ;
Therefore, with frank and with uncurbed plainness
Tell us the dauphin's mind.

Amb. Thus, then, in few.

Your highness, lately sending into France,
Did claim some certain dukedoms, in the right
Of your great predecessor, King Edward the Third,
In answer of which claim, the prince our master
Says, that you savour too much of your youth ;
And bids you be advis'd, there's nought in France

(a) "About the middle of the year 1414, Henry V., influenced by the
pursuasions of Chichely, Archbishop of Canterbury, by the dying in-
junctions of his royal father, not to allow the kingdom to remain long
at peace, or more probably by those feelings of ambition, which were
no less natural to his age and character, than consonant with the man-
ners of the time in which he lived, resolved to assert that claim to the
crown of France which his great grandfather, Kiug Edward the Third,
had urged with such confidence and success." Nicolas's History of the
Battle of Agincourt.

(b) The charge of this Ambassade was committed unto the Erie of
"Vendosme to Mayster Bouratier, Archbyshop of Bourgues. * * *
And the King, sitting under his cloth of Estate, the said Ambassador had
accesse unto him. Stow.


That can be with a nimble galliard won :
You cannot revel into dukedoms there.
He therefore sends you, meeter for your spirit,
This tun of treasure ; and, in lieu of this,
Desires you, let the dukedoms that you claim
Hear no more of you. This the dauphin speaks.

K. Hen. What treasure, uncle ?

Exe. (Opening the chest.} Tennis-balls, my liege.

K. Hen. We are glad the dauphin is so pleasant with us ;
His present, and your pains, we thank you for :
When we have match'd our rackets to these balls,
We will in France, by Heaven's grace, play a set
Shall strike his father's crown into the hazard :
Tell him, he hath made a match with such a wrangler,
That all the courts of France will be disturb'd
With chaces.

But this lies all within the will of God,
To whom I do appeal ; and in whose name,
Tell you the dauphin, I am coming on
To venge me as I may, and to put forth
My rightful hand in a well-hallow'd cause.
So, get you hence in peace ; and tell the dauphin,
His jest will savour but of shallow wit,
When thousands weep, more than did laugh at it.
Convey them with safe conduct. Fare you well.

[Exeunt Ambassadors and Attendants.

Exe. This was a merry message.

K. Hen. We hope to make the sender blush at it.

[Descends from his throne,
Therefore, my lords, omit no happy hour,
That may give furtherance to our expedition.
For we have now no thought in us but France ;
Therefore, let our proportions for these wars
Be soon collected ; and all things thought upon,
That may, with reasonable swiftness, add
More feathers to our wings ; for, Heaven before,
We'll chide this dauphin at his father's door.




Bard. Well met, Corporal Nym.

Nym. Good morrow, Lieutenant Bardolph.

Bard. What, are Ancient Pistol and you friends yet?

Nym. For my part, I care not : I say little ; but when tima
shall serve, there shall be smiles ; but that shall be as it may.
I dare not fight, but I will wink, and hold out mine iron;
It is a simple one ; but what though ? It will toast cheese ;
and it will endure cold as another man's sword will ; and
there's an end.

Bard. I will bestow a breakfast to make you friends ; and
we'll be three sworn brothers to France ; let it be so, good
Corporal Nym.

Nym. 'Faith, I will live so long as I may, that's the certain
of it ; and when I cannot live any longer, I will do as I may ;
that is my rest, and that is the rendezvous of it.

Bard. It is certain, corporal, that he is married to Nell
Quickly: and, certainly, she did you wrong; for you were
troth-plight to her.

Nym. I cannot tell ; things must be as they may ; men
may sleep, and they may have their throats about them at that
time ; and, some say, knives have edges. It must be as it may ;
though patience be a tired mare, yet she will plod. There
must be conclusions. Well, I cannot tell.

Enter PISTOL, Mrs. QUICKLY, and the BOY.

Bard. Here comes Ancient Pistol, and his wife: good
corporal, be patient here. How now, mine host Pistol ?

Fist. Base tike, call'st thou me host ?
Now, by this hand I swear, I scorn the t3rm ;
Nor shall my Nell keep lodgers.

Quick. (Perceiving Nym). O well-a-day, Lady, if he be not
here. Now we shall see wilful burglary and murther com-
mitted. Good Lieutenant Bardolph

Bard. Good corporal, offer nothing here.

Nym. Pish!

Pist. Pish for thee, Iceland dog ! thou prick eared cur
of Iceland.

Quick. Good Corporal Nym, show thy valor and put up thy

Nym. Will thou shog of ? I would have you solus.

[tiheathing ?iis sword.

Pist. Solus, egregious dog ? viper vile !
The solus in thy most marvellous face ;


The solus in thy teeth, and in thy throat,
And in thy hateful lungs, yea, in thy maw, perdy ;
And, which is worse, within thy nasty mouth !
I do retort the solus in thy bowels ;

Nym. I am not Barbason, you cannot conjure me. I have
an humour to knock you indifferently well. If you grow
foul with me, Pistol, I will scour you with my rapier, as I
may, in fair terms; if you would walk off, I would prick
your hide a little, in good terms, as I may ; and that's the
humour of it.

Pist, O braggard vile, and damned furious wight !
The grave doth gape, and doting death is near ;
Therefore exhale. [PISTOL and NYM draw.

Bard. Hear me, hear me, what I say: he that strikes
the first stroke, I'll run him up to the hilts, as I am a


Pist. An oath of mickle might ; and fury shall abate.
Give me thy fist, thy fore-foot to me give;
Thy spirits are most tall.

Nym. I will cut my throat, one time or other, in fair terms ;
that is the humour of it.

Pist. Coupe le gorge, that's the word ? I defy thee again.
O hound of Crete, think'stthou my spouse to get?

Bard. Come, shall I make you two friends. We must to
France together. Why the devil should we keep knives to
cut one another's throats ?

Pist. Let floods o'erswell, and fiends for food howl on !

Nym. You'll pay me the eight shillings I won of you at
betting ?

Pist. Base is the slave that pays.

Nym. That now I will have ; that's the humour of it.

Pist. As manhood shall compound : push home.

Bard. By this sword, he that makes the first thurst I'll kill
him ; by this sword, 1 will.

Pist. Sword is an oath, and oaths must have their course.

Bard. Corporal Nym, as thou wilt be friends, be friends :
and thou wilt not, why, then be enemies with me too. Prithee,
put up.

Nym. I shall have my eight shilings I won of you at betting.

Pist. A noble shalt thou have, and present pay ;
And liquor likewise will I give thee,
And friendship shall combine, and brotherhood :
I'll live by Nym, and Nym shall live by me ;
Is not this just ? for I shall sutler be
Unto the camp, and profits will accrue.
Give me thy hand.

Nym. I shall have my noble ?

Pist. In cash most justly paid.

Nym. Well, then, that's the humour of it.

Pist. Bardolph, be blithe f Nym, rouse thy vaunting veins ;
Boy, bristle thy courage up ; for Faletaff he is dead.
And we must yearn therefore.


Bard. Would I were with him, wheresome'er he is.
Quick. Nay, sure, he's in Arthur's bosom, if ever man went
to Arthur's bosom. 'A made a finer end, and went away an
it had been any christom child; 'a parted even just between
twelve and one, e'en at the turning o' the tide: for after I
saw him fumble with the sheets, and play with flowers, and
smile upon his fingers' ends, I knew there was but one way
for his nose was as sharp as a pen, and 'a babbled of green
fields. How now, Sir John, quoth I : what, man ! be of good
cheer. So 'a cried out Heaven, Heaven, Heaven ! three or
four times: now I, to comfort him, bid him 'a should not
think of Heaven : I hoped there was no need to trouble him-
self with any such thoughts yet : So, 'a bade me lay more
clothes on his feet: I put my Land into the bed, and felt
them, and they were as cold as any stone.
Nym. They say, he cried out of sack.
Quick. Ay, that 'a did.
Bard. And of women.
Quick. Nay, that 'a did not.

Boy. Yes, that 'a did ; and said they were devils incarnate.
Quick. 'A could never abide carnation ; 'twas a colour he
never liked.

Boy. Do you not remember, 'a saw a flea stick upon Bar-
dolph's nose ; and 'a said it was a black soul burning in flames?
Bard. Well, the fuel is gone that maintained that fire ;
that's all the riches I got in his service.

Nym. Shall we shog? the king will be gone from South-

PUt. Come, let's away. My love give me thy lips.
Look to my chattels, and my moveables :
Let senses rule ; the word is, " Pitch and pay ; "
Trust none :

For oaths are straws, men's faiths are wafer-cakes,
And hold-fast is the only dog, my duck ;
Therefore, caveto be thy counsellor.
Go, clear thy crystals. Yoke-fellows in arms,
Let us to France ! like horse-leeches, my boys ;
To suck, to suck, the very blood to suck !

Boy. And that is but unwholesome food, thby say.
Pist. Touch her soft mouth, and march.
Bard. Farewell, hostess. [Kissing her.

Nym. I cannot kiss, that is the humour of it ; but adieu.
Pist. Let housewifery appear ; keep close, I thee command
Quick. Farewell ; adieu. [Exeunt.

Boy. As young as I am, I have observed these three swash-
ers. I am boy to them all three ; but all they three, though
they would serve me, could not be man to me ; for, indeed,

three such antics do not amount to a man. For Bardolph, he

is white-livered, and red-faced ; by the means whereof a' faces
it out, but fights not. For Pistol, he hath a killing tongue
and a quiet sword ; by the means whereof a' breaks words,
and keeps whole weapons. For Nym, he hath heard that
men of few words are the best men ; and therefore he scorn?


to say his prayers, lest a' should be thought a coward : but his
few bad words are match'd with as few good deeds ; for &'
never broke any man's head but his own, and that was against
a post, when he was drunk. They will steal anything, and
call it purchase. Bardolph stole a lute-case ; bore it twelve
leagues, and sold it for three halfpence. Nym and Bardolph
are sworn brothers in filching. They would have me as
familiar with men's pockets, as their gloves or their handker-
chers : I must leave them and seek some better service : their
villainy goes against my weak stomach, and therefore 1 must
cast it up. [Exit.

Chorus Appears.

Now all the youth of England are on fire,

And silken dalliance in the wardrobe lies ;

Now thrive the armourer's, and honour's thought

Reigns solely in the breast of every man :

They sell the pasture now, to buy the horse ;

Following the mirror of all Christian kings,

With winged heels, as English Mercuries.

For now sits expectation in the air ;

And hides a sword, from hilts unto the point,

With crowns imperial, crowns and coronets,

Promis'd to Harry and his followers.

The French, advis'd by good intelligence

Of this most dreadful preparation,

Shake in their fear ; and with pale policy

Seek to divert the English purposes.

O England 1 model to thy inward greatness,

Like little body with a mighty heart,

What might'st thou do, that honour would thee do

Were all thy children kind and natural !

But see thy fault 1 France hath in thee found out

A nest of hollow bosoms which he fills

With treacherous crowns ; and three corrupted men,

One, Richard Earl of Cambridge ; and the second,

Henry Lord Scroop of Masham ; and the third,

Sir Thomas Grey, knight, of Northumberland,

Have, for the gilt of France (O guilt, indeed !)

Confirm'd conspiracy with fearful France ;

And by their hands this grace of kings must die

(If hell and treason hold their promises),

Ere he take ship for France.

The sum is paid ; the traitors are agreed ;

The king is set from London ; and the scene

Is now transported to Southampton :





Lords, Soldiers, and Attendants discovered.

Bed. 'Fore Heaven, his grace is bold, to trust these traitors, (b)

Exe. They shall be apprehended by and by.

West. How smooth and even they do bear themselves !
As if allegiance in their bosoms sat,
Crowned with faith and constant loyalty.

Bed. The king hath note of all that they intend,
By interception which they dream not of. (c)

Exfi. Nay, but the man that was his bedfellow,
Whom he hath dull'd and cloy'd with gracious favours,
That he should, for a foreign purse, so sell
His sovereign's life to death and treachery !
.. .

(a) The King had a vessel 186 feet in length from the onmost end of the
stern onto the post behind. The stern was in height 96 feet, and the keel
in length 112 feet. The topcassles were not the lorecassles, but were cas-
tellated enclosures at the mast heads, in which the pages to the officers
were stationed during an engagement, in order to annoy the enemy with
darts and other missiles. Vide Illuminations to Froissart.

Some had three and others only two masts, with short topmasts, and
a'-forestage" or " forecassle," consisting of a raised platform or Htatre,
which obtained the name of castle from its containing soldiers, and prob-
ably from its having bulwarks. Enc. Britt.

Tyler holds the opinion that Henry of Monmouth should be regarded as
the founder of the British Navy. Sir Henry Ellis, in his publication sug-
gests the same view, and many facts tend to confirm and illustrate it.

The Bett Rolls record the payment of a pension, which bears testimony
to the interest taken by Henry in his infant navy, and to the kindness with

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Online LibraryWilliam ShakespeareShakespere's Historical play of Henry the Fifth, arranged for representation in five acts → online text (page 1 of 6)