William Shakespeare.

The dramatic works of William Shakespeare, accurately printed from the text of the corrected copy (Volume 1) online

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With this remembrance, That you use the same
With the like bold, just, and impartial spirit,
As you have done 'gainst me. There is my hand :
You shall be as a father to mv youth :
My voice shall sound as you do prompt mine ear ;
And I will stoop and humble my intents

To your well-practis'd, wise directions.

And', princes all, believe me, I beseech you ;
My father is gone wild into his grave,
For in his tomb lie my affections ;
And with his spirit sadly* I survive,
To mock the expectation of the world ;

(1) Crown.

(2) Treat with contempt your acts executed by
a representative.

(3) In your regal character and office,



433



And flow henceforth in formal majesty.
Now call we our high court of parliament :
And let us choose such limbs of noble counsel,
That the great body of our state may go
In equal rank with the best-governM nation ;
That war, or peace, or both at once, may be

As things acquainted and familiar to us ;

In which you, father, shall have foremost hand.
[To the Lord Chief Justice.
Our coronation done, we will accite, 4
As I before remember'd, all our state : ^|^_^k.
And (God consigning to iny good intents,)
No prince, nor peer, shall nave just cause to sav,
Heaven shorten Harry's happy life one day. [xe .

SCE.VE III. Glostershire. The garden of Shal-
low's house. Enter Falstaff, Shallow, Silence,
Bardolph, the Page, and Davy.

Shal. Nay, you shall see mine orchard : where,
in an arbour, we will eat a last year's pippin of my
own grafting, with a dish of caraways, and so forth ;
come, cousin Silence ; and then to bed.

Fal. 'Fore God, you have here a goodly dwelling,
and a rich.

Shal. Barren, barren, barren ; beggars all, beg-
gars all, sir xJohn : marry, good air. Spread,
Davy ; spread, Davy ; well said, Davy.

Ful. This Davy serves you for good uses ; he is
your serving-man, and your husbandman.

Shal. A good varlet, a good varlet, a very good
varlet, sir John. By the mass, I have drunk top

much sack at supper : A good varlet. Now sit

down, now sit down : come, cousin.
Sil. Ah, sirrah ! quoth-a, we shall
Do nothing but eat, and make good cheer,

[Singing.

.fln d praise heaven for the merry year ;
When flesh is cheap and females dear,
*ind lusty lads roam here and there,

So merrily,

Jlnd ever among so merrily.
Fal. There's a merry heart ! Good master Si-
lence, I'll give you a health for that anon.
Shal. Give master Bardolph some wine, Davy.
Davy. Sweet sir, sit; [Seating- Bardolph and the
Page at another table.] I'll be with you anon :

most sweet sir, sit. Master page, good master

page, sit : preface ! c What you want in meat, we'll
have in drink. But you must bear ; The heart's
all. [Exit.

Shal. Be merry, master Bardolph ; and my little
soldier there, be merry.
Sil. Be merry, be merry, my wife's as all ;"

[Singing.

.For women are shreics, both short and tall :
'Tis merry in ludl, when beards wag all,

And welcome merry shrove-lide.
Be merry, be merry, &c.
Fal. I did not think, master Silence had been a
man of this mettle.

Sil. Who, I ? I have been merry twice and once
ere now.

(4) Gravely. (5) Summon.

(6) Italian, much good may it do you.

(7) As all women are.



430



SECOND PAftT OF KING HENRY IV.



r.



Re-enter Davy.



Davy. There is a dish of leather-coals' for you.
[Setting them before Bardolph.
Shal. Davy,

Davy. Your worship? I'll be with you straight.
[To Bard.] A cup of wine, sir?
Sil. <A cup of wine, that's brisk and fine,
Jlnd drink unto the Itinan- mine ;

[Singing.
Jlnd a merry heart lives long-a.

Fal. Well said, master Silence.
<Si/. And we shall be merry ; now comes in the
sweet of the night.
Fal. Health and long life to you, master Silence.

Sil. Fill the cup, and let it come ;

I'll pledge you a mile to the bottom.

Shal. Honest Bardolph, welcome : If thou want-
est any thing, and will not call, beshrew thy heart.
Welcome, my little tiny thief ; [To the Page.]
and welcome, indeed, too. I'll drink to master
Bardolph, and to all the cavaleroes 3 about London.



Davy. I hope to see London once ere I die.
Bard. An I might see you there, Davy.
Shal. By the mass, you'll crack a quart together.
Ha ! will you not, master Bardolph ?
Bard. Yes, sir, in a pottle-pot.
Shal. ' " '



Assyrian knight, what is thy news ?
etua know the truth thereof.



Fal. O base

Sil. 3nd Robin Hood, Scarlet, and John.



f Sings,
icoi



Pist. Shall dunghill curs confront the Helicons ?
And shall good news be baffled ?
Then, Pistol, lay thy head in Furies' lap.

Shal. Honest gentleman, I know not your breed-
ing.

Pitt. Why then, lament therefore.

Shal. Give me pardon, sir ; If, sir, you come
with news from the court, I take it, there is but
two ways ; either to utter them, or to conceal them.
I am, sir, under the king, in some authority.

Pist. Under which king, Bezonian ? speak, or die.

Shal. Under king Harry.

Pist. Harry the fourth ? or fifth?

Shal. Harry the fourth.

Pist. A foutra for thine office !

ir John, thy tender lambkin now is king ;
Harry the fifth's the man. I speak the truth :
When Pistol lies, do this ; and fig me, like
The bragging Spaniard.



Fal. What ! is the old king dead ?
Pist. As nail in door : The things I speak are just.
Fal. Away, Bardolph ; saddle my horse. Mas-
;er Robert Shallow, choose what office thou wilt

.. , - ... - ,!_ i n the land, 'tis thine. Pistol, I will double-charge

hal. I thank thee : The knave will stick by thee with dignities

.J u~" aSSUre thee that : h WH1 " Ot Ut 5 hC - C< "'. (/ - Wful day !-I w

hood for my fortune.
Pist. What ? I do bring good news ?
Fal. Carry master Silence to bed. Master Shal-



Bard. And I'll stick by him, sir.



Shal. Why, there spoke a king. Lack nothing :
be merry. [Knocking heard.]' Look who's at door



there : Ho ! who knocks ?



[Exit Davy.



Fal. Why, now you have done me right.

[ To Silence, who drinks a bumper.
Sil. [Singing.] Do me rigid,
, Jlnd dub me knight :*

Samingo. 1
Is't not so ?
Fal. 'Tis so.
Sil. Is't so ? Why, then say, an old man can do
somewhat.

Re-enter Davy.

Davy. An it please your worship, there's one
Pistol come from the court with news.
Fal. From the court ? let him come in.

Enter Pistol.
How now, Pistol ?

Pist. God save you, sir John !

Fal. What wind blew you here. Pistol ?

Pist. Not the ill wind which blows no man to
good. Sweet knight, thou art now one of the



this world.

Pist. A foutra for the world, and worldlings base !
I speak of Africa, and golden joys.

(1) Apples commonly called russetines.

(2) Sweetheart. (3) Gay fellows.

(4) He who drank a bumper on his knees to the
health of nis mistress, was dubbed a knight for the
evening.



ould not take a knight-



low, my lord Shallow, be what thou wilt, I am for-
tune's steward. Get on thy boots ; we'll ride all
night : O, sweet Pistol : Away, Bardolph. [Exit
Bardolph.] Come, Pistol, utter more to me; and,
withal, devise something, to do thyself good.
Boot, boot, master Shallow ; I know, the young
king is sick for me. Let us take any man's horses";
the laws of England are at iny commandment.
Happy are they which have been my li iends ; and
wo to mv lord chief justice !

Pist. Let vultures vile seize on his lungs also !
Where is the life that late I led 1 say they :
Why, here it is ; Welcome these pleasant days.

[Excwit.

SCENE IV. London. Jl street. Enter Beadles,
dragging in Hostess Quickly, and Doll Tear-
sheet.

Host. No, thou arrant knave : I would I might
die, that I might have thee hanged : thou hast drawn
my shoulder out of joint.

1 Bead. The constables have delivered her over
to me ; and she shall have whipping-cheer enough,
I warrant her : There hath been a man or two



greatest men in the realm.

Sil. By'r lady, I think 'a be ; "bat goodman Pufl
of Barson.

Pwt. Puff'?

Puff in thy teeth, most recreant coward base !
Sir John, I am thy Pistol, and thy friend,
And helter-skelter have I rode to 'thee ;
And tidings dp I bring, and lucky joys,
And golden times, and happy news of price. would make this a bloody day to somebody. But I

Fal. I pr'ythee now, deliver them like a man of pray God the fruit of her womb miscarry !

1 Bead. If it do, you shall have a dozen of



lately killed about her.

Doll. Nut-hook, nut-hook, 6 you lie. Come on:
I'll tell thee what, thou damned tripe-visaged
rascal ; an the child I now go with, do miscarry,
thou hadst better thou hadst struck thy mother,
thou paper-faced villain.

Host. the Lord, that sir John were come ! he



cushions' again ; you have but eleven now. Come,
I charge you both go with me ; for the man is dead,
that you and Pistol beat among you.

(5) It should be Domingo ; it is part of a song
in one of Nashe's plays.

(6) A term of reproach for a catchpoll.

(7) To stuff her out to counterfeit pregnancy.






Sctne V.



SECOND PART OF KING HENRY IV.



437



Dott. I'll tell thce what, thou thin man in a cen-
ser ! I will have you as soundly swinged for this,
you blue-bottle rogue! 1 you filthy famished cor-
rectioner ! if you be not swinged, I'll forswear half-
kirtles.*

I Bead. Come, come, you she knight-errant,
come.

Host. O, that right should thus overcome might!
Weil ; of sufferance comes ease.

Doll. Come, you rogue, come ; bring me to a
justice.

Host. Ay ; come, you starved blood-hound.

Doll. Goodman death ! goodman bones !

Host. Thou atomy, thou !

Doll. Come, you thin tiling ; come, you rascal !

1 Bead. Very well. ' [Exeunt.

SCE.VE V A pitilic place near Westminster
.ibbey. Enter two Grooms, strewing rushes.

1 Groom. More rushes, more rushes.

2 Groom. The trumpets have sounded twice.

1 Groom. It will be two o'clock ere they cornel
from the coronation : Despatch, despatch.

[Exeunt Grooms

Enter Falstaff, Shallow, Pistol, Bardolph, and
the Page.

Fal. Stand here by me, master Robert Shallow ;
I will make the king do you grace : I will leer upon
him, as 'a comes by ; and do but mark the counte-
nance that he will give me.

Pist. God bless thv lungs, good knight.

Fal. Come here, Pistol ; stand behind mo. 0,
if I had had time to have made new liveries, I
would have bestowed Hie thousand pound I bor-
rowed of you. [To Shallow.] But 'tis no matter;
this poor show doth better: this doth infer the zeal
I had to see him.

S/jrt/. It doth sa.

Fal. It shows my earnestness of affection.

Shal. It doth so.

F<d. My devotion.

Shal. It doth, it doth, it doth.

Fal. As it were, to ride dav and night ; and not
to deliberate, not to remember, not to have pa-
tience to shift me.

Shal. It is most certain.

Fal. But to stand stained with travel, and sweat-
ing with desire to see him : thinking of nothing
else: putting all affairs else in oblivion; as if there
were nothing else to be done, but to see him.

Pist. 'Tis semper idem, for absqne hoc nihil est : 3
'Tis all in ever}' part.

Shal. 'Tis so, indeed.

Pist. My knight, I will inflame thy noble liver,
And make thee ra'jre.

Thy Doll, and Helen of thy noble thoughts,
Is in base durance, and contagious prison ;
Haul'd thither

By most mechanical and dirty hand :
Rouse up revenge from ebon den with fell Alecto's

snake,
For Doll is in ; Pistol speaks nought but truth.

Fal. I will deliver her.

[Shouts irithin, and the trumpet? sound.

Pist. There roar'd the sea, and trumpet-clangor
sounds.

Enter the King and his train, the Chief Justice

among them.
Fal. God save thy grace, king Hal ! my royal Hal !

(1) Beadles usually wore a blue livery.

(2) Short cloaks.



e, 5 and more thy grace ;

ow, the gravejifith owe ^

i for -other men:-

ol-born jf st ;



Pist. The heavens thee guard and keep, most
royal imp* of fame !

Fal. God save thee, my sweet boy !

King. My lord chief justice, speak to that vain
man.

Ch. Just. Have you your wits ? know you what
'tis you speak ?

Fal. My king ! my Jove ! I speak to thee, my
heart !

King. I know thee not, old man: Fall to thy

prayers ;

How ill white hairs become a fool, and jester J
I have long dream'd of such a kind of man,
So surfeit-swell'd, so old, and so profane ;
But, being awake. I do despise my dream.
Make less thy body, hence, 5 and more thy grace ;
Leave gormandizing ; know, the f
For thee thrice wider than for-othe
Reply not to me ivitliafoe^borniv -
Presume not, thai I am the thing I was :
For heaven doth know, so shall the world perceive,
That I have turn'd away my former self;
So will I those that kept me company.
\Vhen thou dost hear I am as I have been,
Approach me ; and thou shall be as thou wast,
The tutor and the feeder of mv riots :
Till then, I banish thee, on pain of death,
As I have done the rest of my misleaders,
Not to come near our person by ten mile.
For competence of life, I will allow you ;
That lack of means enforce you not to evil :
And, as we hear you do reform yourselves,
We will, according to your strength, and quali-
ties,
Give you advancement. Be it your charge, mj

* lord,

To see perform'd the tenor of our word.
Set on. [Exeunt King, and his train.

Fal. Master Shallow, 1 owe you a thousand pound.

Shal. Ay, marry, sir John ; which I beseech
you to let me have home with me.

Fal. That can'hardly be, master Shallow. Do
not you grieve at this ; I shall be sent for in private
lo him : look you, he must seem thus to the world.
Fear not your advancement ; I will be the man
yet, that shall make you great.

Shal. 1 cannot perceive how; unless you give
me your doublet, and stuff me out with straw. I
beseech you, good sir John, let me have Dve hun-
dred of my thousand.

Fal. Sir, I will be as good as my word : this
that you heard, was but a colour.

Shal. A colour, I fear, that you will die in, sir
John.

Fal. Fear no colours ; go with me to dinner.
Come, lieutenant Pistol : come, Bardolph : I
shall be sent for soon at nijht.

Re-enter P. John, the Chief Justice, Officers, <$

Ch. Just. Go, carry sir John Falstaff to the Fleet ;
Take all his company along with him.

Fal. My lord, my lord,

Ch. Just. I cannot now speak : I will hear you

soon.
Take them away.

Pist. St fortu'na me tmwenta, spero me contents.
[Exe. Fal. Shal. Pist. Bard. Page, and officers.

P. John. I like this fair proceeding of the king's
He hath intent, his wonted followers
Shall all be very well provided for ;
But all are banlsh'd, till their conversations

(SJ 'Tis all in all, and all in every part.

(4) Child, offspring. (5) Hencefonvadr.



438



SECOND PART OF KING HENRY IV.



r.



Appear more wise and modest to the world.
Ch. Just. And so they arc.
P. John. The king hath call'd his parliament,

my lord.

Ch. Just. He hath.
P. John. I will lay odds, that, ere this year



expire,

We bear our civil swords, and native fire,
As far as France : I heard a bird so sing,
Whose music, to my thinking, pleas'd the king.
Come, will you hence ? [Exeunt.

EPILOGUE,

SPOKEN BY A DANCER.



FIRST, my fear; then, my ciurt'sy; last, my
speech. My fear is, yo;ir displeasure ; my eourlV.-,
my duty ; and my speech, to beg your pardons. If
you look for a good speech now, you undo me : for
what I have to say, is of mine own making ; and
what, indeed, I should say, will, I doubt, prove
mine own marring. But to the purpose, and so to
the venture. Be it known to you, (as it is very
well,) I was lately here in the end of a displeasing
play, to pray your patienco for it, and to promise
you a better. I did mean, indeed, to pay you with
this ; which if, like an ill venture, it come unluck-
ily home, I break, and you, my gentle creditors,
lose. Here, I promised you, I would be, and here
I commit my body to your mercies : bate me some,
and I will pay you some, and, as most debtors do,
promise you infinitely. ,

If my tongue cannot entreat you to., acquit me,
will you command me to use my.jlegs"? and yet
that were but light payment, to dance $ut of your
debt. _But a good conscience will make any possi-
ble satisfaction, and so will I. All the gentlewo-
men here have forgiven me ; if the gentlemen will
not, then the gentlemen do not agree with the gen-
tlewomen, which was never seen before in such an
assembly.

One word more, I beseech you. If you be not
too much cloyed with fat meat, our humble author
will continue the story, with sir John in it, and
make you merry with fair Katharine of France :
where, for any thing I know, Falstaff shall die of a
sweat, unless already he be killed with your hard
opinions ; for Oldcastle died a martyr, and this is
not the man. My tongue is weary ; when my legs
are too, I will bid you good night : and so kneel
down before you; but, indeed, to pray for the
queen.



the First and Second Paris of Henry the Fourth.
Perhaps no author has ever, in two plays, afforded
so much delight. The great events are interesting,
for the fate of kingdoms depends upon them ; the
slighter occurrences are diverting, and, except one
or two, sufficiently probable; the incidents arc
multiplied with wonderful fertility of invention ;
and the characters diversified with the utmost
nicety of discernment, and the profoundest skill in
the nature of man.

The prince, who is the hero both of the comic
and tragic part, is a young man of great abilities,
and violent passions, whose sentiments arc right,
though his actions arc wrong; whose virtues are
obscured by negligence, and whose understanding
is dissipated by levity. In his idle hours he is
. rather loose than wicked ; and when the occasion
If forces out his latent qualities, he is great without
effort, and brave without tumult. The trifler is
roused into a hero, and the hero again reposes in
the triSer. The character is great, original, and just.

Percy is a rugged soldier, choleric and quarrel-
some, and has only the soldier'? virtues, generosity
and courage.

But Fafstaff! uniinitated, unimitaljle FalstaflT!
how shall I describe thee? thou compound of sense
and vice ; of sense which may be admired, but not
esteemed ; of vice which may be despised, but
hardly detested. Falstafl" is a character loaded
with faults, and with those faults which naturally
produce contempt. He is a thief nnd a glutton, a
coward and a boaster; always ready to cheat the
weak, and prey upon the poor ; to terrify the timo-
rous, and insult the defenceless. At once obsequi-
ous and malignant, he satirizes in their absence
those whom he lives by flattering. He is familiar
with the prince only as an agent of vice ; but of
this familiarity he is so proud, as not only to be
supercilious and haughty with common men, but
to think his interest of importance to the duke of
Lancaster. Yet the man thus corrupt, thus despi-
cable, makes himself necessary to the prince that
despises him, by the most pleasing of all qualities,



I fancy every, reader, when he ends this play,
cries out with Desdemona, ' O most lame and im-
potent conclusion!' As this play was not, to our
Knowledge, divided into acts by the author, I could
be content to conclude it with the death of Henry
the Fourth :

' In that Jerusalem shall Harry die.'

These scenes, which now make the fifth net
Henry the Fourth, might then be the first of Henry
the Fifth; but the truth is, that they do not unite
very commodiously to either play. When these
plays were represented, I believe they ended as they
are now ended in the books ; but Shakspeare seems
to have designed that the whole series of action,
from the beginning^ of Richard the Second, to the
end of Henry the fifth, should be considered by
the reader as one work upon one plan, only broken
"nto parts by the necessity of exhibition.

Np.ne of "Shakspeare's plays are more read than



perpetual gaiety ; by an unfailinsr power of exciting
laughter, which is the more freely indulged, as his
wit is not of the splendid or ambitious kind, but
consists in easy scapes and sallies of levity, which
make sport, but raise no envy. It must be ob-
served, that he is stained with no enormous or san-
guinary crimes, so that his licentiousness is not so
offensive but that it may be borne for his mirth.

The moral to be drawn from this representation
is, that no man is more dangerous than he that, with
a will to-corrupt, hath the power to please ; and
that neither wit nor honesty ought to think them-
selves safe with such a companion, when they see
Henry seduced by Falstaff. JOHNSON.

Mr. Upton thinks these two plays improperly
called the First and Second Parts of Henry the
Fourth. The first play ends, he says, with the
peaceful settlement of Henry in the kingdom by
of the defeat of the rebels. This is hardly true ; for
the rebels are not yet finally suppressed. The
second, he tells us, shows Henry the Fifth in the
Various lights of a good-natured rake, till, on his
father's death, he assumes a more manly character.
This is true ; but this representation gives us no
idea of a dramatic action. These two plays will
appear to every reader, who shall peruse them
without ambition of critical discoveries, to be so
connected, that the second is merely a sequel to
the first ; to be two, only because they are too
Jong to be one. JOHNSON.



( 439 )



KING HENRY V,



PERSONS REPRESENTED.



King Henry the Fifte.



Duke of Exeter, unAe to the king.

Duke of York, cousin to the king.

Earls of Salisbury, Westmoreland, and Warwick.

Archbishop of Cauterburv.

Bishop of Eh.

Earl of Cambridge, )

Lord Scroop, > conspirators against the king.

Sir Thomas Grey, )

Sir Thomas Erpingham, Gower, Fluellen, Mac-

morris, Jamv, officers in king Henry's army**
Bates, Court, Williams, soldiers in the sar.ie. J
iNym, Bardolph, Pistol, formerly servants to Fal-

staff", now soldiers in tfe same.
Boy, servant to them, .i Herald. Chorus.



Charles the Sixthj king of France.

Lewis, the dauphin.

Dukes o/Burgundv, Orleans, and Boarbon.

The Constable of France.

Rainbures, and Grandpre, French lords.

Governor o/Harfleur. Montjoy, a Frmcli lieraUL

slmbassadors to the king of England.

Isabel, queen nf France.
Katharine, daughter of Charles and Isabel.
Alice, a lady attending on the princess Katharine.
Ciuickly, Pistol's wife, a hostess.

Lards, ladies, officers, French and English soldier*,
messengers, and attendants.

The Scene, at the beginning of the play, lies in
England ; bnt afteiicards, wholly in France.



Enter Chorus.

\J, FOR a muse of fire, that would ascend

The brightest heaven of invention !

A kingdom for a stage, princes to act,

And monarchs to behold the swelling scene !

Then should the warlike Harry, like himself,

Assume the port of Mars ; and, at his heels,

Leash'd in, like hounds, should famine, sword, and

fire,

Crouch for employment. But pardon, gentles all,
The flat unraised "spirit, that hath dar'd,
On this unworthy scaffold, to bring forth
So great an object : Can this cockpit hold
The vaity fields of France? or may we cram
Within tliis wooden O, 1 the very casques, 1
That did affrisht the air at Agincourt?
O, pardon ! since a crooked figure may
Attest, in little place, a million ;
And Itt u?, cyphers to this great accompt,
On your imaginary forces 3 work:
Suppose, wi'.hin the girdle of these walls
Are now ccnfm'd two mighty monarchies,
Whose high-upreared and abutting fronts
The perilous, narrow ocean parts asunder.
Piece out our imperfections with your thoughts :
Into a thousand parts divide one man,
And make imaginary puissance :
Think, when we talk of horses, that you see them
Printing their proud hoofs i'the receiving earth :
For 'tis your thoughts that now must deck our

kinsjs,

Carry them here and there ; jumping o'er times ;
Turning the accomplishments of many years
Into an hour-glass; For the which supply,
Admit me Chorus to this history ;
Who, prologue-like, your humble patience pray,
Gently to hear, kindly to judge, our play.

(1) An allusion to the circular form of the
theatre.



ACT I.

SCENE I. London. An ante-chamber in the
King's palace. Enter the Archbishop of Canter-
bury, and Bishop o/Ely.

Canterbury.

MY lord, I'll tell you, that self bill is urg'd,
Which, in the eleventh year o'the last king's reign
Was like, and had indeed against us pass'd,
But that the EC ambling and unquiet time
Did push it out of further question.*

Ely. But how, my lord, shall we resist it now?

Cant. It must be thought on'. If it pass against us,
We lose the better half of our possession :
For all the temporal lands, which men devout
By testament have given to the church,
Would they strip from us ; being valued thus,
As much as would maintain, to the king's honour.
Full fifteen earls, and fifteen hundred knights
Six thousand and two hundred good esquires ;



Online LibraryWilliam ShakespeareThe dramatic works of William Shakespeare, accurately printed from the text of the corrected copy (Volume 1) → online text (page 98 of 105)