William Shakespeare.

The Yale Shakespeare online

. (page 1 of 10)
Online LibraryWilliam ShakespeareThe Yale Shakespeare → online text (page 1 of 10)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

i^j^Vs 22>ol§ SV«^i s

^QiaUNVSOl'^ •^/Sa3AlNfl-3tf^ ^tfWflWJO'^ ^

«^1iS\EUNIVEI% ^IflSANCflfi^ ^OFCAUF0«^ ^

^^uoNYsoi^ %a3AiNa-3ftV^ ^^AHvaan-^ ^





C^ 53



%3DNVS01^ "^















^tfOJIlVDiO'^ '^nVDJO'^ ^J3T]DNVS0# "^

I-JC/J |,^*^| |VS^| |Vf5^

^•smm'ss^ "^^tmmw %wnvDjo'^^ ^^nvwo'


%aAiNn-3V^^ ^^AHvaan-i^ "^^Aiivaan-iJ













^-•' ;^






%ji3AiNft3Vi^ ^omrn^


^jnvD-jo'^ ^jnYDjo"*^





Edited by
Wilbur L. Cross Tucker Brookx



Department of English, Yale University,

ON the Fund

Given to the Yale University Press in 1917

BY the Members of the

KiNGSLEY Trust Association

To Commemorate the Seventy-Fifth Anniversary

of the Founding of the Society

The Yale Shakespeare


With the Life and Death of
Henry, Surnamed Hotspur


. :.y



Copyright, 1917
By Yale University Press

First published September, 1917





The Text 1

NOT.ES . . . . . . .114

Appendix A. Variants . . . .129

Appendix B. Sources . . . .181

Appendix C. The History of the Play . 136
Bibliography ...... 141

Index of Words Glossed .... 142

R 305074

The map opposite represents the principal towns,
rivers, etc., mentioned in "The First Part of King
Henry the Fourth/^


King Henry the Fourth

Henry, Prince of Wales, ) „ . .1 -^^
T T ( ^on$ to the King

John of Lancaster, J ^

Earl of Westmoreland

Sir Walter Blunt

Thomas Percy, Earl of Worcester

Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland

Henry Percy surnamed Hotspur, his son

Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March

Richard Scroop, Archbishop of York

Archibald, Earl of Douglas

Owen Glendower

Sir Richard Vernon

Sir John Falstaff

Sir Michael, a Friend to the Archbishop of York





Francis, a Drawer

Lady Percy, Wife to Hotspur, and Sister to Mortimer

Lady Mortimer, Daughter to Glendower, and Wife

to Mortimer
Mistress Quickly, Hostess of the Boar's Head

Tavern in Eastcheap

Lords, Officers, Sheriff, Vintner, Chamberlain, Draw-
ers, two Carriers, Travellers, and Attendants

Scene: England."}

The First Part qf Henry the Fourth

With the Life and Death of Hkmrt, Surmamed Hotspttb


Scene One

[London. The Palace'\

Enter the King, Lord John of Lancaster, Earl of
Westmoreland, with others.

King. So shaken as we are, so wan with care.
Find we a time for frighted peace to pant,
And breathe short-winded accents of new broils
To be commenc'd in stronds afar remote. 4

No more the thirsty entrance of this soil
Shall daub her lips with her own children's blood;
No more shall trenching war channel her fields, ,

Nor bruise her flowerets with the armed hoofs d

Of hostile paces: those opposed eyes.
Which, like the meteors of a troubled heaven.
All of one nature, of one substance bred.
Did lately meet in the intestine shock 12

And furious close of civil butchery.
Shall now, in mutual well-beseeming ranks,
March all one way, and be no more oppos'd
Against acquaintance, kindred, and allies: 16

The edge of war, like an ill-sheathed knife.
No more shall cut his master. Therefore, friends,

4 stronds: coasts 5 Cf. n.

7 trenching: trench-digging channel: mak* channels in
12 intestine: internal, civil 13 close: grapple

14 mutual well-beseeming ranks: ranks which have, most properly, a
common interest

The First Part of

As far as to the sepulchre of Christ, —

Whose soldier now, under whose blessed cross 20

We are impressed and cngag'd to fight, —

Forthwith a power of English shall we levy,

Whose arms were moulded in their mothers' womb

To chase these pagans in those holy fields 24

Over whose acres walk'd those blessed feet

Which fourteen hundred years ago were nail'd

For our advantage on the bitter cross.

But this our purpose now is twelve months old, 28

And bootless 'tis to tell you we will go :

Therefore we meet not now. Then let me hear

Of you, my gentle cousin Westmoreland,

What yesternight our council did decree 82

In forwarding this dear expedience.

West. My liege, this haste was hot in question,
And many limits of the charge set down
But yesternight ; when all athwart there came
A post from Wales loaden with heavy news ; 37

Whose worst was, that the noble Mortimer,
Leading the men of Herefordshire to fight
Against the irregular and wild Glendower, 40

Was by the rude hands of that Welshman taken,
A thousand of his people butchered ;
Upon whose dead corpse there was such misuse.
Such beastly shameless transformation 44

By those Welshwomen done, as may not be
Without much shame re-told or spoken of.

King. It seems then that the tidings of this broil
Brake off our business for the Holy Land. 48

21 impressed: compelled into sermce 28 Cf.n. 29 bootless: useless

33 dear expedience : important expedition

34 hot in question: in hot debate 35 charge: expense
36 athwart: from an unexpected quarter 38 Mortimer; cf. n.
40 irregular : latvless

King Henry the Fourth, I.i 3

West. This, match'd with other, did, my gracious
For more uneven and unwelcome news
Came from the north and thus it did import:
On Holy-rood day, the gallant Hotspur there, 52

Young Harry Percy and brave Archibald,
That ever-valiant and approved Scot,
At Holmedon met.

Where they did spend a sad and bloody hour ;
As by discharge of their artillery, 57

And shape of likelihood, the news was told ;
For he that brought them, in the very heat
And pride of their contention did take horse, 60

Uncertain of the issue any way.

King. Here is a dear and true industrious friend.
Sir Walter Blunt, new lighted from his horse, ^o

I .R

Stain'd with the variatioiS of each soil 64

Betwixt that Holmedon and this seat of ours ;

And he hath brought us smooth and welcome news.

The Earl of Douglas is discomfited; W'^ A"

Ten thousand bold Scots, two and twenty knights, 68

Balk'd in their own blood did Sir Walter see

On Holmedon's plains : of prisoners Hotspur took

Mordake the Earl of Fife, and eldest son

To beaten Douglas, and the Earls of Athol, 72

Of Murray, Angus, and Menteith.

And is not this an honourable spoil ?

A gallant prize ? ha, cousin, is it not .''

West. In faith, 76

It is a conquest for a prince to boast of.

King. Yea, there thou mak'st me sad and mak'st

49 match'd: /ofn*rf 50 vineven: disconcerting

52 Holy-rood day; c/. n, 53 Harry Percy; c(. n.

54 approytd: well-tried 58 shape of likelihood: <>roi>awi»y

69 balk'd: piled up O) 71 Mordake; cf. n.

The First Part of

In envy that my Lord Northumberland

Should'be the father to so blest a son, 80

A son who is the theme of hoj[Our's_ tongue ;

Amongst a grove the very straightest plant;

Who is sweet Fortune's minion and her pride:

Whilst I, by looking on the praise of him, 84

See riot and dishonour stain the brow

Of my young Harry. O ! that it could be prov'd

That some night-tripping fairy had exchang'd

In cradle-clothes our children where they lay, 88

And call'd mine Percy, his Plantagenet. ^[^^1^1^=0- }^tM\^

Then would I have his Harry, and he mine.

But let him from my thoughts. What think you, coz,

Of this young Percy's pride? the prisoners, 92

Which he in this adventure hath surpris'd.

To his own use he keeps, and sends me word,

I shall have none but Mordake Earl of Fife.

West. This is his uncle's teaching, this is
Worcester, 96

Malevolent to you in all aspects ;
Which makes him prune himself, and bristle up
The crest of youth against your dignity.

King. But I have sent for him to answer this ; 100
And for this cause a while we must neglect
Our holy purpose to Jerusalem.
Cousin, on Wednesday next our council we
Will hold at Windsor ; so inform the lords : 104

But come yourself with speed to us again;
For more is to be said and to be done
Than out of anger can be uttered.

West. I will, my liege. *^ Exeunt.

83 minion: darling

91 coz: cousin, used by the sovereign in addressing any nobleman

91-95 Cf.n. 97 Cf.n. 107 uttered; c/. n.

King Henry the Fourth, I. ii

Scene Two

[The Same]
Enter Henry, Prince of Wales, and Sir John Falstaff.

Fal. Now, Hal, what tinoe^f^aj^ is it, lad?

Prince. Thou art so fat-witted, with drinking
of old sack, and unbuttoning thee after supper,
and sleeping upon benches after noon, that thou
hast forgotten to demand that truly which thou
wouldst truly know. What a devil hast thou to
do with the time of the day? unless hours were
cups of sack, and minutes capons, and clocks
the tongues of bawds, and dials the signs of
leaping-houses, and the blessed sun himself a
fair hot wench in flame-colour'd taffeta, I see no
reason why thou shouldst be so superfluous to
demand the time of the day. IS

Fal. Indeed, you come near me now, Hal;
for we that take purses go by the moon and the
seven stars, and not by Phoebus, he, 'that wan-
dering knight so fair.* And, I prithee, sweet
wag, when thou art king, — as, God save thy
Grace, — majesty, I should say, for grace thou
wilt have none, — 20

Prince. What! none?

Fal. No, by my troth; not so much as will
serve to be prologue to an egg and butter.

Prince. Well, how then? come, roundly,
roundly. 25

Fal. Marry, then, sweet wag, when thou art

3 iAzV: sweet Spanish tvint 9 bawds: ^anrferj

10 leaping-houses: brothels 16 Cf. n. 19-33 Cf. n.

24 roundly: plainly, to the point

26 Marry: an interjection, well; originally an oath, by the Virgin


The First Part of

king, let not us that are squires of the night's
body be called thieves of the day's beauty: let
us be Diana's foresters, gentlemen of the shade,
minions of the moon; and let men say, we be
men of good government, being governed as the
sea is, by our noble and chaste mistress the
moon, under whose countenance we steal, 33

Prince. Thou sayest well, and it holds well
too; for the fortune of us that are the moon's
men doth ebb and flow like the sea, being go-
verned as the sea is, by the moon. As for proof
now: a purse of gold most resolutely snatched
on Monday night and most dissolutely spent on
Tuesday morning; got with swearing 'Lay by;'
and spent with crying 'Bring in:' now in as
low an ebb as the foot of the ladder, and by and
by in as high a flow as the ridge of the gallows.

Fal. By the Lord, thou sayest true, lad. And
is not my hostess of the tavern a most sweet
wench ? 46

Prince. As the honey of Hybla, my old lad of
the castle. And is not a buff j erkin a most sweet
robe of durance? 49

Fal. How now, how now, mad wag! what,
in thy quips and thy quiddities? what a plague
have I to do with a buff j erkin ? 62

Prince. Why, what a pox have I to do with
my hostess of the tavern?

Fal. Well, thou hast called her to a reckon-
ing many a time and oft.

29 Diana's: the moon's 30 minions: servants

40 'Lay by' : address of highwaymen to their victims

41 'Bring in' : a call for wine

47 honey of Hybla: Sicilian honey lad of the castle; cf. Appendix

48 buff jerkin: leather jacket worn by sheriff's officers; cf. n.

49 durance: a stuff noted for its durability

51 quips: jests quiddities: subtleties, puns

King Henry the Fourth, I. ii

Prince. Did I ever call for thee to pay thy
part ?

Fal. No; I'll give thee thy due, thou hast
paid all there. 60

Prince. Yea, and elsewhere, so far as my coin
would stretch; and where it would not, I have
used my credit.

Fal. Yea, and so used it that, were it not here
apparent that thou art heir apparent, — But, I
prithee, sweet wag, shall there be gallows stand-
ing in England when thou art king, and resolu-
tion thus fobbed as it is with the rusty curb of
old father antic the law? Do not thou, when
thou art king, hang a thief. 70

Prince. No; thou shalt.

Fal. Shall I ? O rare ! By the Lord, I'll be a
brave judge. 73

Prince. Thou judgest false already; I mean,
thou shalt have the hanging of the thieves and
so become a rare hangman. 76

Fal. Well, Hal, well; and in some sort it
jumps with my humour as well as waiting in
the court, I can tell you.

Prince. For obtaining of suits ? 80

Fal. Yea, for obtaining of suits, whereof the
hangman hath no lean wardrobe. 'Sblood, I
am as melancholy as a gib cat, or a lugged bear.

Prince. Or an old lion, or a lover's lute. 84

Fal. Yea, or the drone of a Lincolnshire

67 resolution: determination, boldness

68 fobbed: tricked 69 antic: buffoon 73 brave: fint
78 iumps: agrees hnmouT: temperament, inclination

81 obtaining of suits: the clothes of the criminal were the hangman's

82 *Sblood: God's blood

83 gib cat: torn cat lugged bear : bear Ted by a rope

The First Part of

Prince. What sayest thou to a hare, or the
melancholy of Moor-ditch? 88

Fal. Thou hast the most unsavory similes,
and art, indeed, the most comparative, rascal-
liest, sweet young prince; but, Hal, I prithee,
trouble me no more with vanity. I would to God
thou and I knew where a commodity of good
names were to be bought. An old lord of the
council rated me the other day in the street about
you, sir, but I marked him not; and yet he
talked very wisely, but I regarded him not; and
yet he talked wisely, and in the street too. 98

Prince. Thou didst well; for wisdom cries
out in the streets, and no man regards it. lOO

Fal. O! thou hast damnable iteration, and
art indeed able to corrupt a saint. Thou hast
done much harm upon me, Hal; God forgive
thee for it! Before I knew thee, Hal, I knew
nothing; and now am I, if a man should speak
truly, little better than one of the wicked. I
must give over this life, and I will give it over;
by the Lord, an I do not, I am a villain: I'll be
damned for never a king's son in Christendom.

Prince. Where shall we take a purse to-
morrow. Jack.'' Ill

Fal. 'Zounds ! where thou wilt, lad, I'll make
one; an I do not, call me a villain and baffle me.

Prince. I see a good amendment of life in
thee ; from praying to purse-taking. lis

87 hare; cf. n. 88 Moor-ditch; cf. n.

90 comparative: witty, i.e., full of witty comparisons

93 commodity: supply 101 damnable iteration; c/. n.

112 'Zounds: God's wounds

113 baffle: hang by the heels (o punishment inflicted on recreant

King Henry the Fourth, I, ii

Fal. Why, Hal, 'tis my vocation, Hal; 'tis no
sin for a man to labour in his vocation.

Enter Poins.

Poins ! Now shall we know if Gadshill have set
a match. O ! if men were to be saved by merit,
what hole in hell were hot enough for him ? This
is the most omnipotent villain that ever cried
'Stand !' to a true man. 122

Prince. Good morrow, Ned.

Poins. Good morrow, sweet Hal. What says
Monsieur Remorse.'' What says Sir John Sack-
and-Sugar } Jack ! how agrees the devil and thee
about thy soul, that thou soldest him on Good-
Friday last for a cup of Madeira and a cold
capon's leg? 129

Prince. Sir John stands to his word, the devil
shall have his bargain; for he was never yet a
breaker of proverbs : he will give the devil his due.

Poins. Then art thou damned for keeping thy
word with the devil.

Prince. Else he had been damned for cozen-
ing the devil. 136

Poins. But my lads, my lads, to-morrow
morning, by four o'clock, early at Gadshill!
There are pilgrims going to Canterbury with
rich offerings, and traders riding to London with
fat purses: I have vizards for you all; you have
horses for yourselves. Gadshill lies to-night in
Rochester; I have bespoke supper to-morrow
night in Eastcheap: we may do it as secure as
sleep. If you will go I will stuff your purses full

118 Gadshill; cf. n. s«t a match: planned a robbery

135 cozening: cheating 141 vizards: masks 144 Eastcheap; cf. n.

10 The First Part of

of crowns; if you will not, tarry at home and be
hanged. 147

Fal. Hear ye, Yedward: if I tarry at home
and go not, I'll hang you for going.

Poins. You will, chops?

Fal. Hal, wilt thou make one?

Prince. Who, I rob? I a thief? not I, by my
faith. 153

Fal. There's neither^ honesty, manhood, nor
good fellowship in thee, nor thou camest not of
the blood royal, if thou darest not stand for ten
shillings. 157

Prince. Well, then, once in my days I'll be a

Fal. Why, that's well said. 160

Prince. Well, come what will, I'll tarry at ,
home. O

Fal. By the Lord, I'll be a traitor then, when
thou art king. 164

Prince. I care not.

Poins. Sir John, I prithee, leave the prince
and me alone: I will lay him down such reasons
for this adventure that he shall go. 168

Fal. Well, God give thee the spirit of per-
suasion and him the ears of profiting, that what
thou speakest may move, and what he hears
may be believed, that the true prince may, for
recreation sake, prove a false thief; for the poor
abuses of the time want countenance. Farewell:
you shall find me in Eastcheap. 175

Prince. Farewell, thou latter spring! Fare-
well, AU-hallown summer! [Exit Falstaff.']

150 chops: fat face

177 All-hallown summer: All Saints' summer; cf. n.

King Henry the Fourth, I. a ii

Poins. Now, my good sweet honey lord, ride
with us to-morrow: I have a jest to execute that
I cannot manage alone. Falstaff, Bardolph,
Peto, and Gadshill shall rob those men that we
have already waylaid; yourself and I will not be
there; and when they have the booty, if you
and I do not rob them, cut this head from my
shoulders. 185

Prince. But how shall we part with them in
setting forth?

Poins. Why, we will set forth before or after
them, and appoint them a place of meeting,
wherein it is at our pleasure to fail; and then
will they adventure upon the exploit themselves,
which they shall have no sooner achieved but
we'll set upon them. 193

Prince. Yea, but 'tis like that they will know
us by our horses, by our habits, and by every
other appointment, to be ourselves. 196

Poins. Tut! our horses they shall not see,
I'll tie them in the wood; our vizards we will
change after we leave them; and, sirrah, I have
cases of buckram for the nonce, to inmask our
noted outward garments. 201

Prince. Yea, but I doubt they will be too
hard for us.

Poins. Well, for two of them, I know them
to be as true-bred cowards as ever turned back;
and for the third, if he fight longer than he sees
reason, I'll forswear arms. The virtue of this
jest will be, the incomprehensible lies that this

195 habits: clothes 196 appointment: equipment 199 sirrah; cf. n.

200 cases of buckram: cloaks of coarse linen for the nonce: for tht

201 aoted: well-known 206 the third ; c/. n.

12 The First Part of

same fat rogue will tell us when we meet at
supper: how thirty, at least, he fought with;
what wards, what blows, what extremities he
endured; and in the reproof of this lies the jest.
Prince. Well, I'll go with thee: provide us
all things necessary and meet me to-morrow
night in Eastcheap; there I'll sup. Farewell.

Poms. Farewell, my lord. Exit Poins.

Prince. I know you all, and will awhile uphold 217
The unyok'd humour of your idleness :
Yet herein will I imitate the sim.
Who doth permit the base contagious clouds
To smother up his beauty from the world, 221

That when he please again to be himself.
Being wanted, he may be more wonder'd at.
By breaking through the foul and ugly mists
Of vapours that did seem to strangle him. 225

If all the year were playing holidays.
To sport would be as tedious as to work ;
But when they seldom come, they wish'd for come.
And nothing pleaseth but rare accidents. 229

So, when this loose behaviour I throw off.
And pay the debt I never promised.
By how much better than my word I am 232

By so much shall I falsify men's hopes ;
And like bright metal on a sullen ground.
My reformation, glittering o'er my fault,
Shall show more goodly and attract more eyes
Than that which hath no foil to set it off. 237

I'll so offend to make offence a skill ;
Redeeming time when men think least I will. Exit.

211 "ffArds: guards in fencing 212 reprooi: refutation

218 unyok'd humour: unrestrained caprices

220 contagious: pestilential 229 accidents: events 234 sullen: dull

King Henry the Fourth, I. Hi 18

Scene Three

[The Same]

Enter the King, Northumberland, Worcester, Hotspur,
Sir Walter Blunt, and others.

King. My blood hath been too cold and temperate,
Unapt to stir at these indignities.
And you have found me; for accordingly
You tread upon my patience : but, be sure, 4

I will from henceforth rather be myself.
Mighty, and to be fear'd, than my condition.
Which hath been smooth as oil, soft as young down.
And therefore lost that title of respect 8

Which the proud soul ne'er pays but to the proud.

Wor. Our house, my sovereign liege, little deserves
The scourge of greatness to be us'd on it;
And that same greatness too which our own hands 12
Have holp to make so portly.

North. My lord, —

King. Worcester, get thee gone; for I do see
Danger and disobedience in thine eye. 16

O, sir, your presence is too bold and peremptory,
And majesty might never yet endure
The moody frontier of a servant brow.
You have good leave to leave us ; when we need
Your use and counsel we shall send for you. 21

Exit Worcester.
[To Northumberland."] You were about to speak.

North. Yea, my good lord.
Those prisoners in your highness' name demanded,
Which Harry Percy here at Holmedon took, 24

3 iound me: guessed my character 6 condition: natural disposition

13 portly: stately

19 moody: angry frontier: the outworks of a fort, used figuratively

14> The First Part of

Were, as he says, not with such strength denied

As is deliver' d to your majesty:

Either envy, therefore, or misprision

Is guilty of this fault and not my son. 28

Hot. My liege, I did deny no prisoners :
But I remember, when the fight was done.
When I was dry with rage and extreme toil.
Breathless and faint, leaning upon my sword, 32

Came there a certain lord, neat, and trimly dress'd.
Fresh as a bridegroom; and his chin, new reap'd,
Show'd like a stubble-land at harvest-home:
He was perfumed like a milliner, 36

And 'twixt his finger and his thumb he held
A pouncet-box, which ever and anon
He gave his nose and took't away again ;
Who therewith angry, when it next came there, 40
Took it in snuff: and still he smil'd and talk'd;
And as the soldiers bore dead bodies by.
He call'd them untaught knaves, unmannerly.
To bring a slovenly unhandsome corpse 44

Betwixt the wind and his nobility.
With many holiday and lady terms
He question'd me ; among the rest, demanded
My prisoners in your majesty's behalf. 48

I then all smarting with my wounds being cold.
To be so pester'd with a popinjay.
Out of my grief and my impatience
Answer'd neglectingly, I know not what, 52

He should, or he should not ; for he made me mad
To see him shine so brisk and smell so sweet
And talk so like a waiting-gentlewoman

26 delivcT'd: reported 27 misprision: misapprehenstcrn

36 milliner; cf. n. 38 pouncet-box: a perforated box for perfumes

41 in snuff: as an offence (with play on the word snuff')

46 holiday and lady terms: choice and ladylike expressions

SO popinjay: />orro* 51 grid : pain

King Henry the Fourth^ I. in 15

Of guns, and drums, and wounds, — God save the
mark ! — 56

And telling me the sovereign' st thing on earth
Was parmaceti for an inward bruise ;
And that it was great pity, so it was.
This villainous saltpetre should be digg'd 60

Out of the bowels of the harmless earth,
Which many a good tall fellow had destroy'd
So cowardly; and but for these vile guns.
He would himself have been a soldier. 64

This bald un jointed chat of his, my lord,
I answer'd indirectly, as I said;
And I beseech you, let not his report

1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Online LibraryWilliam ShakespeareThe Yale Shakespeare → online text (page 1 of 10)