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for your subjection of women. Those traditions to which
she so defiantly clings she will never be persuaded to
discard in her present dependent condition. It may be
said to her honor that they are mistakenly pursued as the
only great method within her reach to indulge her concern
for human welfare. You must give her new duties, and
arouse in her new ambitions, before you can expect her
to take her proper place beside man in the march of
progress. It is only within the last two or three genera-
tions that a glint of the outside enlightenment has
penetrated her retired circle, and under its revelation she
is already in some quarters demanding her rights. She
is beginning to understand that procreation is not the
chief purpose in life, but only one of its incidentals ;
that its processes from first to last are guided exclusively
by animal instincts, among which men have compelled
her to sacrifice the best parts of her life ; that although
nature has imposed upon her the larger share in these
processes, and all their pains, it has also bestowed upon



224 "^^^ ^-^^ FROM MARS.

her capabilities which are clearly designed for more
exalted stations than mere breeders of men and gratifiers
of their animal pleasures, so unduly stimulated on the
earth as the unintellectual and chief attraction of the
sexes. You have perhaps but little conception of how
much that reckless sexual impulse to matrimony,
unrestrained by your laws, and encouraged by your
religion, has swollen your ranks of poverty, crime and
imbecility. Your women in their dependence and subjec-
tion have but one source of power at their service, and
they have used it for all it was worth. As a consequence,
even to the present period of your civilization, qualities
of mind cuts no figure against the voluptuous animalism
of person in securing husbands than it did in barbaric
times.

It is the rarest thing among you to find an intellectu-
ally mated husband and wife qualified by equal education
and opportunities to be in perfect accord and sympathy
in the pursuit of high purposes. Among your higher
circles are to be found occasionally one of these congenial
matings, the happiest conditions of matrimonial existence,
whereby good breeding and cultivation a man tactily
ignores his superiority under your unjust usages ; but



THE MAN FROM MARS. 225

although the wife may be in sympathy with the ambition
and purposes of her husband in his intellectual labors she
is seldom able to assist him owing to educational differ-
ences. With us the wife has more than encouragement
to offer. Her mind becomes a part of her husbands and
increases his capabiHties. Many of our highest achieve-
ments in brain work are the result of such colaboration
of two minds working as one. The rare cases instanced
among you are only to be found in your cultivated circles,
below these, in all degress to the bottom mental equality
in women is oftener the source of contention than happi-
ness, and you must expect to have this unhappy condition
increased until you have granted them their rightful
position in society. So long as their subjection to men
was hopeless and they were taught by their theological
superiors to obey their husbands, and by the same
advisors, their separation denied or discouraged, they
meekly submitted to abuse and suffering because without
a hope of reUef ; but as it is becoming more and more
apparent to you that the subjection of your women is one
of the many ancient fallacies, the gradual reasoning of
them out of existence is paving the way for woman's
liberty.



226 THE MAN FROM MARS.

Nature has designed that women shall only devote a
portion of her life to maternity and its attendant duties.
It has set her free of them at a time when her mind and
body are fully capable of most of the avocations of life.
Having fulfilled these great services to mankind, 3'ou
have ordained by custom and usage that she shall remain
thereafter a mere unconsidered supernumerary on the
world's stage. In your lower circles she becomes a help-
less drudge in the interests of her children, and in the
higher ones, either an unwelcome retainer in the house-
hold of a daughter, or a more or less constrained member
in the family of a son ; but in all of these her lot is a
happy one when compared with her utter desolation in
the world when her children have departed from her bj^
immigration or death. You have given her no part in
great aflfairs, and she has but little knowledge of or interest
in them. They afford her no entertainment amid her
loneHness, and by the narrow training of her faculties,
diverted only by the minor things of life, — its personal
episodes and gossiping incidents — she lives out her
remaining purposeless career. This mere lack of mind
expansion has been cited against her as a sex weakness,
but it is safe to predict that if men had been subject to



THE MAN PROM MARS. 227

such conditions, without her deep human sympathies and
her religion, they would have fallen into complete mental
imbecility, and if men for all the ages past had been
confined as she had been to duties requiring no high
attainments, the present balance of mind work could not
be shown in their favor.

With us maternity is not allowed to absorb the whole
of a woman's life. While we accord to her, in consider-
ation of its responsibilities and pains, an exemption from
all the physically exhausting occupations, she is encour-
aged in all others to which her capabilities are adapted ;
accordingly with us she is an open competitor with men
in many lines of business, some of which are entirely
given over to her by general consent. By multiplying
her opportunities in this way, she is not, as with you in
most cases, helpless and dependent. She moves around
among men as their equal, discussing matters of business
and questions of public policy like one of them. She
joins them in out door sports and athletics, in which she
often excels, and these relations which the sexes hold to
each other, so differing from yours, entirely changes their
lines of attraction. In their closer association with us
it becomes possible for men and women to thoroughly



228 THE MAN FROM MARS.

understand each other. They do not move in two
separate worlds as with you, artfully disguising their
characters and feelings from each other, wearing a differ-
ent manner as occasions require for deception. Men
select matrimonial companions with us as they choose
friends among themselves, sympathy of feeling and
sincerety being primary motives of attraction. It is only
the general untruthfulness of your society carried into
matrimony which makes it in so many cases unhappy.
You have so inculcated the arts of deception and false-
hood into your lives that they have come at last to be
openly pursued as legitimate methods of thrift. One
could not find a better indication of the insincerity of
your society than this metropolitan journal on your table.
Here is a strong editorial commending truth, another a
well written homily on honesty, and on the connecting
pages, authorized by the same hands, hundreds of adver-
tisements in all shades of deception to catch the unwary.
With the gradual decadence of force as a means of
preying upon one another, you have so cultivated false-
hood to take its place that the life of each individual
among you is kept constantly on the watch to protect
his interests. Hypocrisy in religion, and deception in



THE MAN FROM MARS. 229

matrimony, belong to those vices which at present
disgrace your civilization, and of which your women
must always suffer most so long as you keep them
excluded from a free intercourse in the world's affairs.

The difference in our treatment of women has very
materially changed their points of attraction. While we
can see no beauty in a woman without enlightenment,
and can find no full companionship in her without her
knowledge of our world and its affairs, these qualities
are not so much considered by you. The idea of a fitness
to live together, as equals in everything, is not enter-
tained, by either the one or the other of you, in these
serious life contracts. Your women submit their depen-
pence as a virtue, and it is accepted, as well as their
gentleness, — so often assumed, — as a flattering offer to
men's vanity of power. There is seldom a marriage
among you without the hidden satisfaction of a man with
his new entrance into authority. Any subsequent
development of individuality or independence of character
in the women, must result in discord. We meet each
other, in such contracts, on the common ground of
equality. There are no political or domestic rights which
both do not equally enjoy ; consequently, women are not



230 THE MAN FROM MARS.

tempted into blandishments, and deceptions, for the
conquests of men. Owing to their independence and
helpfulness, the marriage proposal is never accepted as an
extreme opportunity, leading them to take desperate
chances, among conditions that are not promising to
happiness. This, you have forced them to do, by closing
all other doors against them.

You may suspect that the admission of women amongst
us, in the affairs of business and government, has
coarsened them, and given them a character of what is
known among you as masculinity. That is not so.
Their amiability of manner, instead of being lost, is
conveyed and multiplied among our business methods.
All men, among the civilized nations of the earth, are
softened by female association. Outside your regions of
degradation, this has been invariably the case, and you
have proofs of it already in the instances among you
where women have taken a hand in affairs outside the
household. When, by superior intelligence and force of
character, they have made their way to success and fame
among the pursuits of men, they have carried with them,
in every case, that soft femininity of which they are
naturally endowed. Your often expressed fears of



THE MAN FROM MARS. 231

hardening, or in some injuring them, by an admission to
equal rights, is not entirely sincere. To keep on good
terms with them, and to retain their approbation, you
have been led to conceal from them many of your
doubtful business and political methods, and you hesitate
to admit them into these fields with you, not more from
the dread of their contamination, than the exposure it
would bring about of ways, which you have heretofore so
carefully concealed. There is many a successful politi-
cian, or business man among you, who poses before his
wife and lady friends as a hero of finance, or stateman-
ship, who could not do so, did they share with him a
knowledge of the incidents and manipulations which
brought about his success. Deferance to women, and a
regard for their esteem beyond that of men, is a human
attribute apparent in your whole history. It has been
the inspiration of your best poetry, and your most stirring
romance. In your middle ages, under what is known
among you as chivalry, it has led you to deeds of virtue
in upholding the right, far beyond the prevailing oppres-
sion. How much the conduct of men is modified, and
their evil tendencies checked, by a regard for the good
opinion of women, every man can judge by examination



232 THE MAN FROM MARS.

of himself. In how many dangerous moments has
temptation been cast aside, by the fear of evil report to
some fond wife, mother, sister, daughter, or lady friends,
when, to sacrifice the good opinion of men alone, would
have been no bar ?

By our greater attention to the laws of health, and our
governmental restriction of unhealthful marriages, which
I will describe to you further on, we have developed a far
greater average of physical perfection in women that
exists with you. In connection with this there are other
advantages which our women enjoy beyond yours, which
greatly enhance their personal attractiveness and beauty.
Their equal educational opportunities under our system,
of which they are not slow to avail themselves, the hope-
fulness and lack of austerity in our religion, and the
interest they are led to exhibit in great afiairs, are so
marked in their demeanor and physiognomy as to render
them very diflferent beings. As we estimate beauty, you
have only a women here and there who compares with
them. Among your mass of women, the facial expression
of their long subjection, and its attendant conditions are
strikingly observable to us. Features, no matter how
perfectly lined, without the light of cultivation and



THE MAN FROM MARS. 233

knowledge, and which are destined to become, in conju-
gal association, clouded with the cares of an overwrought
maternity, and dejected by a threatening and superstitious
religion, would have no charms to any member of our
society. With us, their faces reflect the consciousness of
absolute equality, and are illuminated with daily religious
duties, which consist, in accordance with our belief, in
making the ways of life pleasant, and its paths peaceful,
and in assisting in all things toward the improvement of
ourselves and society, in the process of which it is our
religion to assist, and in the performance of which, they
work with us as equals to attain.



234 THB MAN FRO:.I MARS.



CHAPTER XIII.

You must have suspected before this that, so far as the
rapid accumulation of wealth is concerned, our society
was in that stationary condition so much dreaded by
your economists as the end of all material progress. An
assumption among your thinkers that any permanent
diminishment of the production of wealth is the fore-
runner of disaster to society, is one of those mistakes
easily accounted for by the surroundings of your present
stage of development. Your experience teaches you that
where the wealth producing energies are in the highest
stage of action, your civilization shows all its other
forces equally advancing ; and where on the other hand,
capital and wealth are restricted, there is a state of general
stagnation. These opposite conditions, however, you
will find to be, more than anything else, the result of
difference in degrees of intelligence, knowledge, and
consequently ambition. Your aims, even the higher
ones, are so indissolubly connected with wealth as the
means by which most of them are promoted, that your



THE MAN FROM MARS. 235

incentives to acquire riches have become a part of your
intellectual constitution. Where the penalty of a
straightened financial condition is the forfeiture of every-
thing which makes life desirable, even a denial of the
opportunities of association with the better class, and a
surrender of offspring to the degradation and contempt
which comes of limited knowledge, it may reasonably be
expected that the struggle for wealth would be keen.
Equally as an incentive also are the innumerable avenues
of gain, which are everywhere open for the investment of
capital, and the remarkable profits which accrue to keep
up the spirit of money-making adventure. You will
certainly agree with me that this crushing, elbowing, and
treading on each other's heels in the attempt to get money
is not the best possible form or type of society: more
especially since you are not all fairly and evenly equipped
in this struggle, the mass of your people reap no benefit
from it, and its result is only to double up the incomes of
the few.

Stagnation is not necessarily a condition of the
stationary state, as many of your writers lead you to
believe. It is merely a revolution in the aims of society,
brought about by changes which are inevitable, and



236 THE MAN PROM MARS.

which your civilization is sooner or later bound to reach.
Kvery newly applied science and invention, and above all
every acre of land brought under cultivation, render this
period so much dreaded by you more remote ; but you
will come to it all the same. It will merely be a using
up of all the resources of capital to rapidly multiply
itself. During your present progressive period, so far as
that term is applicable to the speedy gathering in of
wealth, your society presents to us an aspect of mercenary
abandonment beyond anything we have ever experienced
ourselves, and with a full knowledge of the end that will
come we look forward with a high degree of interest to
that time when you will arrive at the stationary condition.
As you approach that period where the diminished
profits of capital will discourage the great activity and
aggressiveness which now characterize it, some very great
changes will gradually be brought about. Assuming that
labor will continue to enlighten itself it will slowly
change its relations with capital, so that in the end
instead of being below, as it is now, it will be on top, as
with us. Many of the ways by which wealth now multi-
plies itself will be shut off, and with its acquirement no
longer indispensable to the honors of life, and the diffi-



THE MAN FROM MARS. 237

culties of its attainment in any large volume increased,
society will not be given so intensely to its individual
accumulation. Your intellectual activities will be turned
more in the direction of other motives. To repair waste
and provide for the necessities of the living will be about
all that is left to employ your industries, and there will be
enough for capital to do within these limits to moderately
enlarge itself; while yet within this narrowed field,
limited wealth will be able to provide itself with income
enough to sustain and reward habits of prudential saving.
Although great wealth will be exceedingly difficult to
obtain, a fair competency will be within the reach of all ;
since labor coming to the front, owing to the weakened
powers of wealth, will assume its deserving place in the
forces of economy and legislation, and will demand and
receive a fairer share of the profits of industry.

After the advance of civilization and knowledge beyond
a certain period, the ambitions and necessities of a people
will furnish abundant incentives to keep society in a
state of activity. The energies of life are stimulated, not
so much by the large occasional rewards which come to
a few, like prizes in a lottery, as the steady and certain
remuneration of each day's output of action to all. The



238 THE MAN FROM MARS.

ability to obtain from industry a considerable margin
beyond the daily expenses of life is sufficient to keep alive
the mental and physical energies, and is certain to bring
about that general state of hopefulness, which more than
anything else promotes thrift and stimulates ambition.

It may be somewhat at variance with your views of
political economy, to believe that any reduction of the
power and value of capital will not in a corresponding
degree depress labor. You must bear in mind, however,
that the stationary state, as exemplified by our society,
differs from your progressive condition, not in the lesser
abundance of capital, but in its better diffusion, more
dependent relations, and smaller comparative profits. It
follows from this as a matter of course, that it requires
the possession of a larger amount of the products of
labor to bring about that condition of life known as a
competency than it does with you. But by a well deter-
mined arrangement in all ways in favor of those who toil,
by which a fair margin is secured between income and
expense, the coveted independence is always within
reach.

Under our system, capital becoming diffused among the
masses in comparatively small portions, and having no



The man from mars. 239

such extraordinary uses, nor such high rates of interest
as with you, it assumes its natural place as an adjunct to
all the enterprises of labor. All our factories are conse-
quently carried on by co-operation. No such a thing is
known on our planet as the owner of a manufacturing
establishment depressing at his will and pleasure the pay
of perhaps a whole community of working people. When
an establishment is required for the manufacture of some
product in demand, our workmen undertake it as a busi-
ness belonging wholly to themselves, and there is never
any lack of means among them to do it.

The utter helpless condition of your workmen, as a
class, is not entirely owing to their enforced scant share in
the profits of industry. Whoever among them, by greater
abstinence or otherwise, succeeds in saving any consider-
able portion of his earnings, hastens either to change his
situation for that of employer, where self-interest inclines
him to favor low wages, or to seek among the greater
encouragements outside a change of occupation. By this
process capital and labor are constantly being divorced,
and the ranks of your workmen are left to contain only
those whose necessities hold them there.

In the condition of things with us, bestowing upon



240 THE MAN FROM MARS.

labor all the emoluments of industry, it becomes the most
advantageous pursuit of life. With wages at a uniform
and fixed sum, from which there can be no deviation
except to increase, the working man proceeds to lay by
his surplus, until, in a reasonable time, it can be made to
do service in adding to the fruits of his toil.

In our society there is no possibility, and no one has
hopes of gaining money by chance. We hold it to be a
demoralizing evil that wealth should be obtained without
industry. The quality of mind which you honor under
the name of shrewdness, and which seldom hesitates to
profit by the losses and even the miseries of others, would
find life a burden on account of the odium attached, in
any community on our planet. The privilege to build up
an individual fortune, by taking from the substance of the
whole people in any unlimited degree which an unscrupu-
lous ingenuity can devise, is one of the peculiarities of
your civilization. To this general license, with its very
small limitation, is to be ascribed most of your social
miseries. The lessons presented to your youth at the very
first glance at the affairs of life are calculated to impress
them with the belief that success is not so much for the
strong and considerate, as it is for the wary and cunning;



THB MAN FROM MARS. 24I

and that the business of creating wealth is of the slightest
importance, when compared with the many successful arts
and schemes for capturing it after its production. The
example is witnessed everywhere among you of money-
making without loss of honor or respect, by the method
of drawing from others, by taking advantage of their
necessities, excessive and unfair portions of their substance
for some sort of service rendered. The consequence is
that life with you is constantly renewed, on the one hand,
by persons with more or less inherited capital, who are
educated to believe that existence is a game, whose win-
ning instances are the best guides to follow; and on the
other by the great mass of hereditary toilers who submit
themselves as victims under sheer force of necessity and
usage. This state of your civilization brings into play
many of your lower feelings, as indispensable instruments
of success. When selfishness is the chief promoter of
thrift, practical charity is only aroused by unusual provo-
cation. The miseries of existence are unseen and unfelt
by others than the suflferers themselves among you, just
as your senses become oblivious to the presence of dis-
turbing influences which you find it unprofitable to sup-
press. The necessity for each one looking out for himself



242 THE MAN FROM MARS.

in your fierce battles of life makes him unmindful of
others. Yet benevolence dwells within all your hearts as
a divine attribute, which cannot be wholly destroyed, no
matter how neglected its cultivation. Like the retarded
germination of seed in a too deeply surmounting soil, it
comes to the light among j'-ou here and there, under favor-
able conditions, with an increasing frequency which reveals
your destiny as unerringly as the golden horizon presages
the coming of the sun.

The difference in the degree by which each individual
holds the common welfare in comparison with his own,
marks the stage of progress towards perfection in society.
You hold within yourselves, by a divine provision, the
elements to this end. Your history is full of instances to
prove that self-sacrifice is an act which inspires a
greater commendation than any other. All your normal
mental organizations are endowed with the propensity to
benefit others, which only the conditions of your society
circumscribe by a conflict of interest. What is now in
your higher faculties, during your present development,
a pleasure, will become a passion by further progress and


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Online LibraryWilliam SimpsonThe man from Mars; his morals, politics and religion → online text (page 12 of 14)