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The constitutional history of England in its origin and development, Volume 3 online

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346, 348 ; prisoner, ii. 35a

— James Touchet, lord, killed at
Blore Heath, iii. 178.

— John Touchet, lord, fftils to take
Calais, iii. 181 ; cbuiges sides, iii.
187.

AunUUe, honour o^ iiL 440 ; Odo cft, i.
249, 294.

— Stephen o^ competitor of William
Rufus, i. 294.

— William of^ earl, L 363 ; oppoaes
Henry II, L 452.

— Wilham of Mandeville, earl, L

497.

— William de Fon, eari, i. 541 ;

ii. 39. 32, 34-
~ Edward, duke ot See York.
Austrasian, influences in the Frank

empire, L 9.



Bacheleria, iL 81, 186.

Badlesmere, Bartholomew, lord, joins
with Pembroke to gain influence
over Edward II, ii. 343, 343;
hanged, iL 350.

Bagot, Sir WiUiam, ii. 494 ; iii. 19.

Banneret, dignity of, iii. 437.

Bannockbum, battle of, iL 334, 335.

Bankers, foreign, loans by, li. 397,

531.
Bardi and Peruzzi, fidlure of, iL 397,

53a.
Btfdol^ Hugh, justice, i. 500, 503,
516.

— Thomas, lord, rebels in 1405, iii.
49 ; flies to Wales, iii. 57 ; dies, iiL

Barons, institution of, L 365, 366.

— major and minor, i. 504-567 ;
iL 182; final definition of the
number, iL 201 ; qualification for
summons, iL 202 ; summoned in
smaller numbers to parliament than
to the host, ii. 203, 204; (onna of
summons, iL 249, 250.

— of the exchequer, i. 379.

— of 1 2 15, divisions among, L 539,
540.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Index,



623



Borons, nortbem, their action in re-
spect to the charter, i. 525, 540;
ii. 88.

Baronage, growth oi as a separate
estate, ii. 176-184, aoi-204; im-
portance of, ill. 520 sq.

Ba^ny, legal definitions of^ ii. 181 ;
by writ, ii. 204 ; by patent, ii. 615 ;

iii- 437-443-
Battle, trial by, i. 276, 395, 616.
Bavaria, i. 5, 63. 128, 152, 255.
Beauchamp, John, of Holt, created

a baron, ii. 481; iii. 437.

— of Bletso, ii. 432.

— William, ii. 541.

Beauforts, l^timised, ii. 490, 491 ;
iii. 58 ; with a reservation, iii. 59,
60 ; adhere to the prince of Wales,
iii. 60, 66, 68 ; to Bedford against
Gloucester, iii. 94.

Beaufort, John, earl of Somerset, ii.
494 ; marquees of Dorset, ii. 496, 498 ;
degraded, iii., 21; declarcMi loyal,
iii. 31 ; refuses to be restored as
marquess, iii. 38 ; at the head of the
fleet, iii. 45 ; dies in 1410, iii. 66.

— Henry, bishop of Lincoln, chan-
cellor, iii. 38 ; made bishop of Win-
chester, iii. 47, 58; opposes the
marriage of Clarence, iii. 66 ; chan-
cellor, iii. 76, 84 ; his loans, iii. 88,
91 ; resigns the great seal, iiL 88 ;
is chancellor again in 1423, iii.
99; his speech on the elephant,
iii. 100; his first quarrel with
Gloucester, iii. loi ; garrisons the
Tower, ib. ; sends for Bedford, ib. ;
defendjB himself against Gloucester's
charges, iii. 103 ; resigns the seal,
iii. 104; goes abroad, iii. X05 ;
made a cardinal, iiL 108 ; heads
the Hussite crusade, iii. 109; at-
tempt to exclude him firom council,
iii no; goes to France, iii. 112;
attempt to remove him, iii. 113;
his jewels seized, ib.; declared
loyal, iii. IT4; leads Uie council
after Bedford's death, iii. 122 ; at-
tacked by Gloucester in 1440, iii.
125 ; in tne king's chief adviser, iii.
131 ; death, iii. 138 ; his political
character, iii. 139 ; the king refuses
his treasure, iii. 139 ; his constitu-
tional speecihes, iii. 239.

— Thomas, iii 58; condemns Scrope



and Mowbray, iii. 50, 51; chan-
cellor, ui 63-68; again, iii. 76;
earl of Dorset, iii. 82; duke of
Exeter, iii. 88 ; charged with the
care of Heniy VI, iii.*92, 98; dies,
iii. 104.
Beaufort, John, earl of Somerset, iii.
1 23 ; commands in France, iii. 1 25 ;
his expedition, iii. 132 ; duke of
Somerset, iii. 132; dies, ib,

— Margaret, heiress of Somerset, iii.
132 ; plan for nuurying her to John
de la Pole, iii. 135, 147 ; attainted,
iii. 229.

— £dmund, count of Mortain, his
early nvairy with the duke of
York, iii. 123, 132; marquess of
Dorset, iii. 136; at duke Humfrey's
arrest, iii. 136; lieutenant in
France, .iii. 140; made duke of
Somerset, iii. 141 ; loses Normandy,
iii. 142, 145; his antagonism to
the duke of Fork, iii. 154 ; returns
from Normandy, and is made con-
stable, iii. 156; petition for his
dismissal from court, iii. T58 ; at-
tacked by the duke of York in
1452, iii. 160 ; charges against, iii.
161 ; repeated by the duke of Nor-
folk, iii. 164, 165 ; arrested, iii.
165; released, iii. 170; killeid at
St. Alban's, iii 171.

— Henry, duke of Somerset, iii. 171 ;
at war with Warwick, iii. 175, 176 ;
fails to take Calais, iii. 181 ; is
absent from parliament, iii. 187;
wins battles at Worksop and Wake-
field, iii 188 ; escapes after Tow
ton, iii. 190; attainted, iii. 196;
pardoned by Edward IV, iii. 198 ;
rejoins Margaret, iii 199 ; be-
headed, iii. 199.

— Edmund, duke of Somerset, bro-
ther, iii. 208; put to death at
Tewkesbury, iii 210.

Beaumont, Henry de, ii. 330, 338,
353. 360.

— John, viscount of, arrests duke
Humf^y, iii. 136; killed, iii. 184.

— William, viscount of^ attainted,
iii 196.

— earls of Leicester, see Ldoester ;
their origin, i. 249.

Bede, his account of the Old Saxons,
i.41 ; importance of his terminology,



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



624



Index,



i' 70, 71, 155; mentions the An-
gulus, i. 65 ; hlB reference to
folkland, i. 154; his letter to Eg-
bert, i. 229, 230; his account of
the Northiflnbrian witenagemot, i.

Bedford, John of Lancaster, duke of,
iii. 58; defeats the rebellion of
1405, iii. 50 ; constable, iii. 41, 59 ;
made duke, iii. 82 ; lieutenant of
the realm, iii. 85, 86, 89, 90, 91 ;
left guardian of England and
France on Henry's death, iii.
92 ; his character, iii. 94 ; con-
nexion with the Beauforts, iJb.;
his position as regent, iii. 97 ;
thwarted by Gloucester, iii. 98, 99 ;
recalled by Beaufort, iii. 101 ; his
alliance with Gloucester, iii. 103 ;
mediates, iii. 103 ; undertakes to
respect the authority of the council,
iii. 104, 105 ; returns to France,
iii 106 ; quarrels with Burgundy,
iii. 116; returns home to defend
himself, iii. 117; proposes to econo-
mise, iii. 118; undertakes to be
chief counsellor, iii. 119; dispute
with Gloucester, iii. 1 20 ; dies, iii.
121; marriage of his widow, iii.
1 24 ; his treatment of the Maid of
Orleans, iii. 112.

— earldom of, i. 362, 451.
BeleKme, Robert of, i. 293, 308, 309,

311,433.527-

— Yvo of, i. 249.

Bench, court of king's, i. 487, 601 ;

ii. 266.
Benevolences, iii. 213, 217, 274, 376,

377 ; abolished, iii. 230.
Berkhampstead, honour of, i. 402,

^ 464-

Beverley, constitution o^ i. 411 ; iii.

583.
Bigod, Hugh, earl of Norfolk, i. 320,

322, 465» 479. 490-

— Hugh, earl, one of the executors
of the charter, i. 542 ; ii. 39.

— Hugh, earl, his son, i. 543 ; ii. 29.

— Hugh, justiciar, ii. 77.

— Roger, at the council of Lyons, ii.
64.

— Roger, earl of Norfolk, resists
Edward I, ii. 132, 135, 140, 146;
surrenders his earldoms, ii. 154;
his policy, ii. 398.



Bishops, i. 135, 317-346; their posi-
tion in the shire-moot, i. 103, 23a,
333 ; leaders of hosts, i. 107, 337 ;
treatment of, by William I, i. 383,
383 ; removal of sees, i. 287 ; their
sees kept vacant by William II, i.
398, 399 ; election of in council,
>• 134* 373; deposition of, L aSa ;
translation of, iii. 307.

— position of, in the estate of dergy.
ii. T69 ; as barons, i&.; in paiti*-
ment, iii. 443.

— political attitude o( under Edward
I, ii. 399-304.

— noble, ii. 402 ; iii. 366, 367.

— prisons of, iii. 345, 346.

— right of appointment o^ ilL 395-

317-

— fealty and homage o^ i. 357 ; iii
394, 396.

Bohun, Henry, earl of Hereford, one
of the executors of the charier, L
543 ; n. 38.

— Humfrey, eari of Hereford, takes
part in the Provisions of Oxford, ii.
75' 82. 88.

— Humfrey, son of the earl, is on the
side of the barons, ii. 88.

— earl of Heref(»xl, constable, reswts
Edward I, ii. 133, 135, I40, 146;
dies, ii. 148 ; his poli<^, ii. 398.

— earl of Herefoiii, son-in-law of
Edward I, ii. 155 ; aa ordainer, ii
337 ; pardoned, ii. 334 ; a council-
lor in 1 31 8, ii. 343 ; refuses to obey
Edward II, ii. 346, 347; proeecutee
the Despensers, ii. 348; killed at
Boroughbridge, ii. 349.

— heiresses, ii. 416.

Boniface VlII, pope, ii. 130 9q,\

claims Scotland as a fie^ ii. 153 ;

letter of the English to, ii. 153 ;

his episcopal nominations^ iii. 307,

308.
Boniface IX, pope, it 497 ; iii. 25,

315-
Bookland, 1. 76, 130, 143, 549.
Borh, Borhbryoe, i. 1 75.
Borhs ealdor, i. 87, 115.
Borough, 9U Town.
Boroughbridge, battle of, Ii. 349.
Bourohier, Robert, chanoelloir, ii. 387,

388, 39i» 394.

— Thomas, bi^op of Ely, made arch-
bishop of Canterbuiy, iii. 167;



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Index.



625



proceedings against Pecock, iii. 1 76 ;
mediates for peace, iii. 177; wel-
comes the Yorkist invasion, ill.
182; his conduct with respect to
the duke's claim, iii. 185 ; recog-
nises Edward IV, iii. 189; wei-
<!omes him on his return, iii. 211 ;
accepts Kichard III as king, ill.
226.

Bourchier, Henry, viscount, treasurer,
iii. 172; dismissed, iii. 176; sum-
moned to parliament and made earl
of Essex by Edward IV, iii. 194 ;
treasurer, iii. 214; dies, iii. 221.

Bracton, ii. 107, 268, 270 ; quoted, it
10, 12, 13, 180, 237, 294, 301 ; iii.

Breaute, Falkes de, ii. 12, 32; his

outbreak and fall, ii. 34, 35.
Brember, Nicolas, ii. 477, 479, 481 ;

iii. 575.

Bretwalda, i. 122, 162, 163.

Britons, condition of, at the Conquest,
i. 59-63 ; religion of, i. 62 ; exter-
mination of, i. 61.

Buckingham, Humfrey Stafford, duke
ot earl of Stafford, iii. 102 ; duke,
iii. 136 ; at duke Humfrey's arrest,
iii. 136 ; half-brother of archbishop
Bourchier, iii. 167; is surety for
Somerset, iii. 170; his son killed
at S. Alban*8, iii. 171; supports
Henry VI, iii. 175; killed at
Northampton, iii. 183, 184.

— Henry Stafford, duke of, grandson,
iii. 202 ; steward at Clarence's
trial, iii. 215; in the council, iii.
220 ; conspires with Gloucester, iiL
222 ; declares his claim to the
throne, iii. 223; rebels, iii. 226;
beheaded, iii. 227.

Bulls, papal, Laudabiliter, i. 558;
super muros JeruHalem, ii. 38 ;
clericis laicos, ii. 130 sq.^ 145.

— restraint on, in England, iH. 322.
Burgage, tenure by, i. 409 ; iii. 420.
Burghersh, Henry, bishop of Lincoln,

hu conduct to Edward II, ii. 355,

367; treasurer and chancellor, ii.

371, 384; heads the court party,

ii. 384 ; dies, ii. 387.
Burgorum, auxilium, i. 382.
Burhs, origin of, i. 92-95. See Town.
Burii-geatsetl, i. 106.
Burley, Sir Simon, ii. 464, 465, 477 ;

VOL. in. S S



chancellor, iii. 1 70-1 76 ; is im-
peached and executed, ii. 481, 495.
Bury St. Edmund's, parliameut of
1296 at, ii. 130; of 1447, iiL 135,

387. . ...

Butler, James, earl of Wiltshire, lii.
170 ; treasurer, ib. ; again, iii. 177 ;
executed, iii. 188; attainted, iii.
196.



Cade, Jack, rebellion of, iii. 151, 152,

163.179-
Csesar, Julius, his account of the

Gennans, i. 12-16, 20.
Cambridge, guild at, t 413, 414;

county court of^ i. 277.

— university of, represented in par-
liament, ii. 150.

— parliament at, ii. 482 ; iii. 387, 388.

— riots at, ii. 450.

— Bichard, earl o( his plot and &te,
iii. 85, 86, 154.

Camville, Gerard, i. 498, 499, 502.
Canon law, growth of, i. 284 ; ii.

170, 171 ; its authority in England,

iii. 321, 322.
Canterbury, primacy of, i. 217 sq.,

335f 336 ; iii. 294 ; alliance of the

West Saxon kings with, i. 236.

— guild of, i. 415.

— archbishop of, first adviser of the
king, i. 359; receives the first
summons to council, i. 567.

— archbishops of —
Laniranc, i. 281-296.
Anselm, L 306, 311, 3x6; iii.

295-
Ralph, iii. 302.
William of Corbeuil, i. 319 ; iii.

299.
Theobald, i. 325, 375, 454, 460 ;

iii. 303.
Thomas Becket, i. 458, 462-

475 ; iii- 294» 303.
Richard of Dover, i. 482.
Baldwin, i. 495, 498, 549.
Hubert Walter, i. 502-519.
Stephen Langton, i. 520-544; ii.

6-42, 196, 299 ; iii. 305.
Richard, it 42 ; iii. 305.
Edmund, ii. 49, 51, 57, 299 ; iii.

305.
Bonifece, ii 58, 65,^72, 197,
418; ui. 305, 341.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



6z6



Indea.



Canterbury, abpg. of (continued) :—
Robert Kilwardby, ii 105, ill,

197, 418; iii. 305.
John Peckham ii. 1 12-114, '97>

418; iii. 305, 306.
Bobert Winchelsey, ii. 126, 129-

'58, 3>6-335» 418; iii. 306.
Walter Reynolds, ii. 335, 419 ;

iii. 311.
Simon Mepeham, ii. 371, 402,

419; iii. 313.
John Stratford, ii. 383-394, 403,

419; iii. 313.
Thomas Bradwardine, ii. 402.
Simon I.4ip, ii. 404, 413.
Simon Langham. ii. 451.
Simon Sudbury, ii. 426, 452.
William Courtenay, ii. 428, 429,

442. See Courtenay.
Thomas Arundel, ii. 485 ; iii. 315.

See Arundel.
Roger Walden, ii 485, 497 ; iiL

23» 315-
Henry Cbichele, iii. 83. See

Chichele.
John Stafford, iii. 114, 132, 144.
John Kemp, iii. 162-166. See

Kemp.
Thomas Bourchier, iii. 167-226.

See Bourchier.
Gantilupe, Walter, bishop of Wor-
cester, ii. 62, 302 ; iii. 366.

— Thomas, bishop of Hereford, ii.
91. 294,302; iii. 366.

Canute, i. 87, 121, 157. 169, 177,
178, 200, aoi, 202, 268, 507; his
huscarls, i. 150; his division of
England, i. 152, 160.

Capitularies, i. 10; ii. 107; illustra-
tion of Saxon institutions from, i.
45, 46 ; coincidences of, with Anglo-
Saxon law, i. 205, 206; issued ia
Frank assemblies, i. 128.

— illustrating military matten, i.
590, 591.

Carlisle, parliament of, ii. 156, 247,

581 ; iiL 326, 327. 387.
Carucajfe. i 501, 503, 583; great

carucage of 1198, i. 510; taken by

John, i. 516.

— under Henry IIT, ii. 30, 36.
Castles, built in Stephen^s reign, L

323-325. 328; ordered to be
demolished, i. 333 ; resumed by
Henry II, L 45a, 483 ; by Long-



champ, i. 498; by Henry m, iL
54 ; demolition of, ordered, ii. a? ;
fortification of, iiL 536-539.

— right of the duke of Normandy to
garrison castles, i. 250, 309, 451.

— to be committed to native Kngiiwh-
men, ii. 74; the aliens reliiae to
surrender, ii. 78.

— constables of, their unlawful



11. 324-
Cavendish, Sir Jcdm, murdered by the
rebels in 1381, ii. 459.

— John, fishmonger, his petiti«n
against Michael de la Pole, ii. 6ia

Centenarius, L 54, 100.
Ceorl, L 64, 80 ; becomes th e g n worthy,
i. 155, 162 ; his burh-bryoei, L

175.

— reduced to villenage, ii. 453.
Chamberlain, the king^s, office <ji, L

353. 354- 379-
Chancellor, office of, L 35'-353» 37^
598, 603; purchaseable, i. 604;
office 0^ in the house of Lords, uL

455-
Chanoellon —

William Gifford, i. 304.
Roger of Salisbury, L 353.
Roger le Poor, L 321.
Thomas Becket, i. 407, 449, 453-

461.
Ralph Wameville, L 482.
Geoffi^y, son of Henry II, L 480,

489.
William Longchamp, i, 497-506^
Hubert Walter, L 515-519.
Ralph Neville, ii. 41-50.
Heniy Wengham, iL 77.
Thomas Cantilupe, iL 9J, 204.
Walter de Merton, ii, 103, 104,

294.
Robert Bumell, IL 107, iii,

^94-
John Langton, ii. 327.
Ralph Baldock, ii. 320.
Walter Reynolds, ii. 328, 333.
Adam of Osgodby (keeper), iL

331.
John Sandale, ii. 338.
Robert Baldock, iL 353, 36a
John Hotham, ii. 368.
Henry Bui^ersh, iL 371, 384.
John Stratford, iL 384.
Robert Stratford, ii. 384.
Robert Beoichier, iL 387.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Index.



6%J



Chancellors {continued^ : —
John Paming, ii. 394.
John Sadington, ii. 394.
John Ufford, ii. 394.
John Tlioresby, ii. 413.
William Edin^n, ii. 413.
Simon Langham, ii. 413.
William of Wykeham, ii. 413,

420; again, ii. 483.
Robert Thorpe, ii. 422, 424.
John Knyvett, ii. 424, 418.
Adam Houghton, ii. 436.
Richard le Scrope, ii. 448 ; again,

ii. 466.
Simon Sudbury, ii. 448-458.
William Courtenay. ii. 400, 461.
Robert Braybrook, ii. 467.
Michael de la Pole, ii. 467.
Thomas Anmdel. ii. 474 ; fourth
time, iii. 59 ; fifth time, iii. 69.
Edmund Stafford, ii. 485 ; again,

iii. 33.
John Scarle, iii. 15.
Henry Beaufort, iii. 38-47;

again, iii. 76 ; again, iii. 100.
Thomafl Longley, iii. 48 ; again,

iii. 88 89.
Thomas Beaufort, iii. 63.
John Kemp. iii. 104. See Kemp.
John Stafford, iii. 114, 132.
Richard Neville, earl of Salis-
bury, iii. 167.
Thomas Bourchier, iii. 170-176.
William Waynflete, iii. 1 76, 1 79.
George Neville, bishop of Exeter,

iii. 189, 195, 203.
Robert Stillington, bishop of

Bath, iii. 203.
Thom;i8 Rotherham, archbishop

of York, iii. 21 4.
John Russell, bishop of IinooI%
iii. 22 a.
Chancery, petition*^ referred to, ii.
263 ; equitable jurisdiction of, ii.
268, 269; ceases to follow the
king, ii. 269.
— purchaseable, i. 384, 497, 604.
Charter, the great, i. 528-544; ii. a
8q. ; the maintainers of, excom-
municated, ii. 7, i( ; their later
history, ii. 28, 29.
— - reissued in 1216, ii. 21, 22; in
1 217, ii. 26, 27. and in 1225, ii. 37 ;
confirmed in 1 253, ii. 67 ; recognised
in 1275, ii. 109 ; ordered to be fixed



on church doors,!!, iia ; taken down,
ib. ; confirmation of, iL 140 s^.,

144. 148-
Charters, i. 339.

of Henry I, i. 305, 556, 532 ;
of Stephen, i. 320, 322,
of Henry II, i. 450,

— of towns, i. 4 1 1, 623 sq.

— of the forest, ii. 26->28 ; threat-
ened by Henry III, ii. 39.

Charles the Great, i. 45, 116, 129,

203, 206, 228, 441.
Charles the Bald, i. 129, 205, 237,

441.

Charles III, deposition of, ii. 365.

Chester, palatine earldom of, i. 363 ;
held by the heir apparent, ii. 47,
94; iii. 432, 511; exchanged wilJi
Simon de Montfort, ii. 94.

— Hugh of Avrancbes, earl of, L
361.

— Ranulf, earl of^ ally of Henry II,
i. 449. 452.

— Hugh, earl of, rebels against Henry

II, i. 477, 478.

— Ranulf, earl of, i. 541 ; ii. 46, 47 ;
his policy, ii. 297.

— John, earl of, ii. 47.

Cinque Ports, i. 592-594 ; assist Simon
de Montfort, ii. 89 ; representativee
of, summoned to parliament, ii. 93 ;
iii. 403, 420, 451 ; submit to Henry

III, ii. 95 ; at war with Yarmouth,
ii. 287 ; wardens of, ii. 289.

Chichele, Henry, archbishop of Can-
terbury, not responsible for the
French war, iii. 83 ; opens the par-
liament of 1422, iii. 96; mediates
between Beaufort and Gloucester,
iii. loi : again, iii. 102 ; threatened
with the loss of his legation, iii.
300, 301.

Cistercians, i. 503; ii. 65, 173, 191^
194.

Civitas, the German, i. 28, 29, 70.

Clarence, Lionel, duke of, ii. 394, 416;
Hi. 433.

— Thomas of Lancaster, duke of^ iii.
33 ; lieutenant of Ireland, iii. 38, ^9 ;
marries Ms im?le*s widow, iii. 66 ;
commands an army in alliance with
Orleans, iii. 69 ; made duke, Hb^ ;
killed, iii. 90.

— George, duke uf, iiL 195 ; intrigues
with Warwick, iii. aoa, 205 ; married



BS%



Digitized by VjOOQIC



628



Index.



to Isabella Neville, iii. 305 ; joins

in Warwick's invasion, iii. 206 ;

pardoned, iii. 207 ; flies to France,

i&. ; succession settled on him, iii.

ao8 ; goes over to Edward, iii. aio ;

accused and attainted, iii. 315 ; his

death, iii. 215, 216.
Clarendon, assize of, i. 105, 467-

469, 484, 505. 599» 600.
•— constitutions of, i. 431, 464-466,

599; ii. 169; iii. 295,341-

— Sir Roger, iii. 36, 49.

Clement V, pope, absolves Edward I
from his oath, ii. T55, 336; hears
his charges against Winchelsey, ii.
154; negotiates with Edward II,
ii. 316, 322, 324, 325 ; his usurpa-
tion of patronage, iii. 311, 312.

Clement VI, pope, iii. 31 3.

Clergy, the estate of, ii. 169-176 ;
causes of its politioed imity, ii. 1 70
tq. ; relation of, to the state, iii.
287 sq,

— assemblies ofi iL 170, 175, 194-
198, 408.

— social importance of, iii. 363-368 ;
great numbers of, iii. 364 ; want of
unity in, iii. 367, 368 ; political im*
portance of, iii. 520-525.

-— paiiiamentary representation of,
ii. 126, 129, 199-201, 252, 407;
iii. 318,319.

— revenue of, estimated valuation o^

ii. 550.

— share in legislation, ii. 591, 593,
595» 596.

— protests of, ii. 598.

— benefit of, iii. 341, 342.

— convict, iii. 346, 347.
Cloveeho, i. 77, 129, 218, 222, 231.
Coinage, ancient laws on, i. 206, re-
form of, i. 334, 488; ii. 264, 316,

324* 33^ 393, 544.

— profits of, ii. 551.
Collector, papal, iii. 334.
Colonus, the Roman, i. 23.
Comitatus, theory of, i. 22, 24-26,

55t 75i Bo; among the Anglo-
Saxons, i. 149, 150, 153, 154, 254.

Commendation, i. 153, 254.

Commons, estate of, ii. 166-168.

— representation of^ ii. 220-224;
wages of members, ii. 229, 335;
iii, 425; numbers 0^ ii 235; iii.
448 »J.



Commons, do not share the judicial
power of parliament, ii. 248 ; but
the legislative, ii. 247 ; iii a6i-
263 ; and the taxative, iii. 263, 264.

— privileges of, iii. 490 tq.

— debate on all public matters, iii.
260, 261.

— rising of the, ii. 405-460.
Communa, i. 411, 412-419; iii. 559,

560.
-» French, as contrasted with Eng-
lish, i. 420-422.

— totius terrae, i. 539.

— liberorum hominum, i. 591.
Communitas, meanings of, ii. 167.
Constable, office of, i. 354, 379;

strained jurisdiction o^ ii 324 ; iii
282, 283.
Constables —

Miles of Hereford, L 363, 390,

39a.
Henry of Essex, i. 454, 455, 460.
Humfrey Bohun. S€4^ Bohun.
Henry Percy, iii. 15.
John of Lancaster, iii. 41.
Richard Wydville, iii. 302, 282,

283.
John Tiptoft, iii. 208, 281-283.
Edmund duke of Somerset, iii

156.

Hennr duke of Buckingham, iii
226.
Constitutio domus regis de procura-

tionibus, i. 345.
Convocation, of the clergy, ii. 194-
199 ; its relation to parliament, ii
aoo, 30I ; iii. 319, 320 ; conference
of the two, ii. 198, 199; proceedings
in, iii 463.

— votes of money in. ii. 534, 535.

— its constitution, ii. 194-200; iii
318 ; royal interference with, iii
319. 3^0, 338, 339.

Cornwall, Reginald, earl of^ son of
Henry I. i 363, 478.

— Richard, earl of. ii 41, 44, 51. 55 ;
opposes Heniy HI in 1243, ii. 58 ;
his second marriage, ii. 60; Sicily
offered to, ii 69 ; is made king <^
the Romans, ii. 70; supports Heniy;
ii. 73 ; mediates, ii. 87 ; taken at
Lewes, ii. 89 ; his son Henry, ii
93 ; dies, ii. 98.

— Edmund, earl of^ ii. 1 19.

— duke of, ii 417 ; iii 433, 433.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Index.



926



Cornwall, small sbirds of, i. 100.

— Sir John, iii. 102 ; made a baron
in parliament, iii. 116, 128, 437.

Coronation, origin of, i. 144 ; of queens,
^* 34^) 517; second coronation of
Kichard I, i. 504; of John i. 517 ;
second coronation of Heniy III, ii.
31.

Coronation days, courts of the Nor-
man kings held on, i. 369; of
Henry U. i. 455. 562.

Coronation oath, i. 146-148; of Wil-
liam I, L 258 ; of William II, i
395 ; of Henry I, i. 304 ; of John,
L 515; of Henry III, ii. i8; of Ed-
waixi I, ii. 105, 150 ; of Edward II,
ii. 346, 316-318 ; of Henry IV, iii.

14. '5.
Coroners, institution of, i. 505, 506,
535 ; in boroughs, i. 627 ; election
of, ii. 309, 227; jurisdiction of, ii.

331.
Council, the royal, of the Norman
kings, i. 35^360.

— under Henry II, i. 486, 487, 603;
its judicial work, i. 603.

— under Henry III, ii. 40, 255, 256;
powers claimed by, in competition
with the national council, ii. 340,
245 ; proposals for election of, ii.
357 ; imder Edward I, ii. 358 ; re-
lation to parliament, ii. 359, 260.

-— the national, or commune conci-
lium, i. 564-566 ; composition of^
i. 566-570 ; deliberations of, under
Henry II, i. 570-573 ; instances of
opposition to the royal will, i. 571,
573 ; view of, at the close of the
thirteenth centuiy, iL 194.

— of the barons, magnum concilium,
ii. 304, 360.

— Privy, ii. 360 ; jealousy of parlia-
ment towards, ii. 406 ; vote of con-
fidence in, iii. 55, 348 ; Fortescue's
plan of, iii. 345, 246; president of^
iii. 345-

^ names of^ declared in parliament,
iii. 44, 248 ; wages and oaths, iii.
350, 251 ; rules for, iii. 251, 252;
powers of, defined, iii. 252, 253 ;
petitions in, iiL 254.

— legislation, ii. 261, 264; ordaining
power, ii. 587; iii. 353.

— jurisdiction of, ii. 606.

— executive power of^ iii. 254, 255.



Councils, ecclesiastical, of Anglo-
Saxon times, i. 230-232 ; under the
Norman kings, i. 374, 375 ; under
Henry II and his sons, i. 572 ;
growUk of representation in, ii. 197,
198.

— diocesan and archidiaconal, ii.
196.

— provincial, iii. 319, 320. Sec Con-
vocation.

— national church, rare, ii. 198, 199.

— limitations of action of, iii. 323.
Counsel and consent, i. 127, 194, 370,

371 ; ii. 37. 350-252, 264.
County courts, imder the Norman

kings, i. 392» 393 ; practice of jury

in, L 397 ; political importance ol,

ii. 186, 187
^- use of summons to, i. 568.

— election of knights in, i. 568 ; ii.
209, 227-331, 435, 433 ; iii. 56, 65,
78, III, 116, 356-358, 401, 403^



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