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The constitutional history of England in its origin and development, Volume 3 online

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435.

— proclamation of charters in, i.
576 ; of military smnmons in, ii.
an.

^- before the itinerant justices, i. 605-
607.

— recognition in, i. 631 ; ii. 209.

— regulated by Henry III, ii. 37,

a73-

— constitution of, ii. 305. 306 ; busi-
ness of, ii. 208 ; military affairs of,
it 310, 311 ; remedial work of, ii*
212 ; fiscal work of, ii. 313; dis-
cussion of taxation in, ii. 214, 215 ;
negotiation with the crown, ii. 215,
216.

Courtenay, William, bishop of London,
ii. 428 ; his action againat Wycliffe,
ii. 438, 446 ; in favour of Wykeham,
ii. 438 ; archbishop of Canterbury,
ii. 461 ; chancellor, ii. 460, 461 ;
resigns, ii. 462 ; disliked by Richard,
ii. 469; a commissioner in 1386,
ii. 476; mediates, ii. 478; dies in
1396, ii. 485.

Court baron, i. 84, 104, 105, 399.

Court leet, i. 88, 104, 105, 399, 417.

— customary, i. 399.

— ecclesiastical, in Anglo-Saxon
times, i. 233; separated from the
secular courts, i. 277, 283, 284 ;
jurisdiction of, iiL 339-346; abuses
of, iii. 373«



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630



Index.



Coventry, parliament at, il. 46, 181 ;
iii. 387.

Creation money, iii. 433, 435.

Cromwell, Ralph, lord, a councnior
in 1422, iii. 98; mediates between
Beaufort and Gloucester, iii. 102 ;
removed from the ohamberlainship,
iii. 114 ; demands a reason in par-
liament, iii 115; becomes treasure,
iii. 117; his accounts, iii. 117, 118,
458; resignM in 144.^, iii. 132; leadg
the attack on Suffolk, iii. 144, 145 ;
quarrels with the duke of Exeter,
iii. 169; with Warwick, iii. 173.

Curagulus, i. 173, 177.

Curia r^s, i. 376, 387-390 ; trial of
the biidiop of Durham in, L 439,
440 ; reformed by Henry II, i. 486 -
488.

— machinery of, L 596-603 ; breaks
up into three courts, ii. 366, 267.

Customi*, grant of the ancient custom
to Edward I, ii. 109, 244, 523.

— on wool, amount o^ ii. 547, 548.

— new customs, ii. 156, 244, 324, 329,
523-525 ; abolished by the ordi-
nances, ii. 330, 525; re-estabUshed,

ii- 535-

— right of parliament to vote, ii.
244.

Cynebot, i. 144.
Cyne-hlaford, L 177.

D'Amoiy, Roger, ii. 340, 34a, 346,
348 ; dies, ii. 349.

Danegeld, i. 105. 133, 205, 239; under
the Conqueror, i. 279, 289, 301,
510 ; abolition of^ promised by
Stephen, i. 321 ; accounted for im
the Pipe Rolls, i. 381, 382; dis-
cussed in council, i. 462, 463 ; dis-
appears from the Rolls, i. 582.

Dane law, L 196, 545.

Danes, importance of the struggle
with, i. 173 ; consequences of their
union with the English, i. 197-200 ;
in church history, i. 239 ; referred
to, i. 612.

Darrein presentment, i. 535, 605, 615,
617.

De la Pole, William, arrested in 1341,
u- 385 ; negotiates loans for Ed-
ward III, ii 533.

— Michael, ii. 464 ; chancellor, ii.
467 ; earl of Suffolk, ii. 468 ; im-



peachment of, ii. 474, 475 ; asnsiB
Richard at Nottingham, ii. 478 ;
escapes, ii. 479; comJenined in his
absence, ii 480, 481 ; dies abroad,

ii. 4«3.
De la Pole, Michael, restored to the
earldom in 1399, iii. 22 ; his advice
on war, iii. 34.

— William, earl of Suffolk, ambaaaa-
dor to France, iii. 132; conclade«
the marriage treaty of Henry VI,
iii* 133: thanked in parliament, ib.;
his ri^id rise, iii. 134; intends to
marry his son to Margaret Bean-
fort, iii. 1 35 ; question of his com-
plicity in the arrest of Gloucester,
iii. 137 «9- ; duke of Suffolk, iiL
142 ; his impeachment, trial, and
&te, iii, 145-150.

«— John, duke of, a Yorkist, iii 181 ;
married to a sister of Edward IT,
iii. 220.

— John, -earl of Lincoln, son ; de-
clared heir to Richard III, iii 331.

Demesne, of the crown, i. 402; re-
sumption of, by Henry II, i. 451 ;
by Heniy III. ii. 26, 32. 34, 555;
proposed under Henry IV, iii 24,
47. See Resumption, acts of.

«— gifts out o^ forbidden, ii ^9,

554-

— towns in, 1. 409 ; ii. 232-234.

— right of tallaging, ii. 517-521.
Despenser, Hugh le, justiciar, ii 84,

91 '95-

— Hugh le, son of the justiciar, ii
319, 336 ; &vours Gaveston. ii. 321 ;
his influence with Edward II, ii.
333, 336; removed from the council,
ii. 338; his impolicy, ii. 345; pro-
ceedings again:^t, ii. 347 ; adminis-
timticm, ii. 354 ; earl of Winchester,
ii. 360 ; hanged, ib. ; acts against
him repealed, ii. 49,7.

— Hugh le, the younger; married to
one of the Gloucester co-heiresses,
"• 336, 340 J chamberlain, ii 345 ;
<)uarrels with the eari of Hereford,
ib.i political views of, ii 353;
beheaded, ii. 360.

^- Henry le, bihhop of Norwich, ii.
402, 428, 459 ; his crusade, ii. 466;
defends Richard II, ii 502; re-
conciled, iii. 31.

— Thomas le, ii 494; made eari «l



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Index,



631



Glouoeeter, 11. 496, 498; iii. 16 ;
deprived of the earldom, iii. 21 ;
killed at Bristol, iii. 36 ; sentence
of forfeiture, iii 31 ; his widow
Constance, iii. 48.
Devonsliire, Thomas Courtenay, earl
of, iii. 160, 165 ; is on the king's
side at S. Alban*s, iii. 171.

— Thomas Courtenay, earl of, son, iii.
180, 187 ; executed after Towton,
iii. 190; attainted, iii. 196.

— Humfrey Stafford made earl ot
by Edward IV, iii. 285; put to
death, iii. 206.

— Thomas Courtenay, lawful earl,
killed at Tewkesbury, iii. 210.

— earldom of, origin of, i. 360.
Dioceses, formation of, i. 117, 224,

225 ; dates of the creation of, i. 226,

Dithmarschen, early constitution of^

i.57-
Domesday Book, i. 188, 259, 266, 275,

279, 385, 386; a new one projected,

i. 302, 386, 510.
^ boroughs mentioned in, i. 408.

— as illustrating yillenage, i. 427,
428.

— the ratebook of the country, i. 584.
Drengs, i. 262.

Dukes, dignity of, iiL 433, 434, 526,

537.
Dunstan, religious revival under, i.

241 ; king's oath prescribed by, i.

147 ; his policy, i. 208.

Ealdorman, i. 111-113, 114, 134, 170;
appointment of, i. 134, 140; func-
tions of, i. 158-160; hereditary, i.
112.

Earl, title of. supplants that of eal-
dornian, i. 160 ; institution of, under
William I, i. 270, 271 ; position of
under the Nonnan kings, i. 360,
361 ; how invested, i. 362, 363 ;
riow increase in the number of, i.

— creation of, in parliament, ii. 614 ;
"i- 435* 436.

Earls, rebellion of, against William I,
i. 291 ; fiscal earls, made by Stephen,
L 324, 362 ; and degraded by Henry
II, i. 45 1 ; rebellion against Henry
II, L 476-480; attitude towards
John, L 513, 514.



Edgar, his regulation of the hundred,
i. 98, X05 ; his ealdormen, i. 117 ;
his fleet, i. 207 ; his system of
government, i. 208, 209 ; his legis-
lation touching tithe, i. 228; his
ecclesiastical laws, i. 242 ; his coro-
nation at Bath, i. 1 74.

Edhel, Ethel, portion of land, i. 52,

75. 549-

Edhilingi, i. 42, 44; ii. 165.

Ethel, noble, i. 149.

Etheling, wife of, restricted to the
king*8 kin, i. 158.

Edictum, Pistense, i. 80, 129.

Edmund, king of England, i. 127.

Edward, the elder, L 173, 175, 195.

Edward the Martyr, i. 136.

Edward the Confessor, i. 202, 203.

— ^laws of, i. 305 ; his seal and chan-
cellor, i. 352 ; translation of; ii. 97,
222 ; palace of, iii. 384.

Edward I, king, son of Henry III, ii.
79 ; sides with Simon de Montfort,
ii. 83 ; allegiance sworn to him, ii.
86; at war, ii. 87 ; a hostage at
Lewes, ii. 90 ; escapes, ii. 95 ; at
Evesham, ib. ; goes on crusade,
ii. 97, 98; his accession, ii. 100;
sketch of his reign, ii 100-157;
his legislation, li. 106 sq. ; his im-
portance in constitutional history,
ii. 291-304.

Edward U, as prince, ii. 136, 141 ;
knighted, ii. 156; hiii character, ii.
313 ; in disgrace with his father, ii.
3x4; his accession, ii. 315 ; sketch
of his reign, ii. 315-360; his death,
ii. 363-

Edward III, as earl of Chester, ii. 357 ;
calls a parliament, ii. 360 ; his ac-
cession, ii. 368 ; sketch of his reign,
ii. 36S-441 ; repeals the statutes of

1341. ii. 391-
Edward the Black Prince, ii. 423 ;
his marriage, ii. 416 ; returns trom
Gascony, ii. 419 ; resigns Aquitaine,
ii. 424 ; shares in the action of the
Good Parliament, ii. 429 ; dies, ii.

429. 432.
Edward, Prinoe of Wales, son of
Henry VI, iii. 164, 168; his right
to regency recognised, iii. 167, 174 ;
said to be a changeling, iii. 178;
goes to Scotland, iii. 190 ; killed at
Tewkesbury, iiL 210.



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6^2



Index.



Edward IV, as earl of March, iii.
179, 181 ; wins the battle of Mor-
timer'a Crods, iii. 188; becomes
king. iii. 189 ; history of bis reign,
iii. 189-219; his death, iii. 219;
character, ib. ; his reputed mar-
riage with Eleanor Butler, iii. 224.

— V, bom, iii. 211; succeeds iii. 220 ;
his reign, iii. 221-224.

— son of Richard III, prince of
Wales, iii. 226; dies, iii. 251.

Egbert, king of Wessex, i. 174, 203.
Eleanor, wife of Henry II, i. 448, 495,
500, 517, 563.

— wife of Henry m, ii. 52, 92, 531.

— wife of Edward I, ii. 320.

— wife of Simon de Montfort, ii. 55.
Election, forms of, i. 635.

— of kings, i. 135. 320, 330, 338, 339,
374; ii. 10, 14, 48; Hubert Walter's
speech on, i. 515.

— of knights of the shire, i. 622 ;
iii. 396, 403 «g.; ii. 225-229, 433;
attempts to influence, ii. 436, 479,
495, 617; legislation on, iii. 56, 65,
78, III, 116, 256-258; contested,
iii. 421-424.

— of bishops, i. 134 ; iii. 306-317.

— of borough magistrates, i. 626,
627.

— of borough representatives, ii. 220,

335; iii. 413, 414-421.

— of grand jury, i. 621.

— of sheriffii, ii. 78, 207, 433.

— of other county officers, ii 213,
272.

— of ordainers, ii. 327.

— claim of^ to the great offices of the
state, ii. 40-64 ; authorized by the
ordinances, ii. 330; and in 1377,
ii. 444, 448 ; set U. 558, 559.

Electors, of 1264, ii. 90, 91.

— of knights of the shire, ii. 618 ;
iii. 56, 6;, 78, iii, 116, 256-258.

Emperor, Richard I surrenders his
crown to the, i. 504, 561.

— Otto IV, i. 522 ; ii. 14, 173.

— Frederick II, ii. 5 a, 63, 69, 107 ;
his great courts, ii. 160 ; his estate
of lawyers, ii. 189, 190; his cha-
racter as a legislator, li. 297.

— Sigismund, iii. 86, 261.

— Richard II calls himself ii. 491.
Englishry, i. 196, 549; presentment

of, abolished, ii. 382.



Eorl. i. 64, 80, 115, 151, 15a, 163,

170. 175.
Escheats, L 401, 484, 536 ; aUenation

of. ii. 555.
Escheators, wrongful dealings oC ii-

324.

Estates, theory of three, i. 583 ; ii. 5,
161-166; precedence of, ii. 168;
imperfection of the theory, ii. 193,
194.

Ethelbert, king of Kent, i. 158; 175,
217.

Ethelred, the Unready, deposed; i.
139, 210 ; his high claims aa king,
ii. 1 77 ; his regulation of the fleet,
i. 105 ; his imposition of Danegdd,
i. 105, 133 ; his oath at fx>ron|ktaon,
i. 147 ; his legislation, i. 194, 201.

Ethelwul^ donation of, i. 228, 237;
has a grant of land in witenagemot,
t 131 ; discarded by his subjects,

i. 139. 237.
Eustace, son of king Stephen, L 331,

341. 375. 407-
Exchequer, i. 376, 377-380 ; question
as to its origin, L 438, 439 ; restora-
tion of, by Henry II, i. 450 ; inquest
into receipts, i. 485 ; dialogue on«
L 491, 597 ; inquiry into, i. 508 ; as
affected by the great charter, L
536.

— machinery of, i. 596-598 ; changes
in, ii. 275, 276 ; all revenue to be
paid at, ii. 330.

— black book of^ i. 263, 264, 345,

584.

— red book o^ i. 584.

— petitions referred to, iL 263.

— court of, at Westminster, ii. 266 ;
chief baron of^ ii. 267 ; restriction
of business, ii. 330.

^ chancellor of, ii. 275.

— issue rolls of^ ii. 545.

Farm or Ferm, of the counties, i. 1 1 7,
380, 381 ; amount of, ii. 551.

Fealty, form of, iii. 5i4> 5I5'

Feorm-fultum, ii. 535.

Feudal government, logical develop-
ment of, i. 3, 58, 255.

— tenure, five marks of^ i. 383.

— revenue, L 383 ; militaty system,

i. 589.
Feudalism, theories of its origin, i
153, 251-256; its introduction into



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Index.



<533



England, i. ^59, 260 ; its character
in England, 1. 267 ; as expanded by
William. Bufus, i. 300-302 ; exem-
plified in the reign of Stephen, i.
328, 335, 336.

Feadum, origin of the word, i. 251.

Fifteenth, grants o^ ii- 36, 37; see
Taxes.

Fifteenths and tenths, estimated
amoimt o^ ii. 549.

Firma Burgi, i. 410, 624, 625.

Fleet, see Navy.

Fleta, i. 86; ii. 107, 268 ; iii. 517.

Folkland, i. 77, 130, 142, 184, 190;
becomes royal demesne, i. 193.

Folkmoot, i. 116, 120.

Folkright, i 104, 115, 208.

Forest law, i. 289, 302, 322, 323, 384,
403; administered by Henry II,
i. 471, 483, 489; by Richard I, i.
511 ; in the great charter, i. 537 ;
clerical offenders against, iii. 342.

— of Canute, i. 200 ;

— charter, i. 26-28, 39, 150; ordi-
nance, ii 155.

— perambulations, ii. 39 ; Edward I's
conduct with respect to, ii. 150-152,

Forest revenue, 1. 402, 403.

Fortescue, Sir John, iii. 1 94 ; attainted,
iii. 196 ; taken at Tewkesbury, iii.
210 ; pardoned, iii. 213 ; his theory
of the English constitution, iii. 240
-246 ; on torture, iii. 281.

France, history of, as affected by
feudalism, i. 3, 4 ; legal systems in,
i.9.

— influence of, on English manners,

ii- 3091 310.

— states general of, ii. 160-162 ;
illustrating the policy of Edward I,
ii. 265, 291, 292, 295, 297.

— Edward Ill's war with, ii. 377,
405, 410; his assumption of the
title of king of, ii. 378, 383, 419.

— Henry V's war with, iii. 82, 268,
269.

Franconia, i. 5, 10.

Frankpledge, i. 87, 108, 275 ; ii.

434-
Franks, appearance of, in history, 1.
37, 38 ; their system illustrated by
the Sfdian law, i. 53-56; their
constitutional assemblies, i. 122,
123; oath of allegiance taken to



their kings, i. 148 ; relation of
Frank royijty to Anglo-^axon, i.

Franks, origin of inquests by jury, L

613.
Freeholders, f)o]itical position ot ii.

184, 185 ; iii. 551-558 ; see Electors

and Elections.
Frilingi, i. 42, 44; ii. 165.
Friscobaldi, ii. 323, 525, 532 ; banished,

ii. 330> 532.
Frisians, i. 40, 48.
Frith, i. 181, 183.
Frith-borh, i. 85.
Frith-gild, i. 414, 415.
Fulford, Baldwin, iii. 181.
Fulthorpe, Sir William, iii. 50.
Fyrd, i. 76, 117, 190-193, 268, 301,

433» 456, 589* 591 ; «« Armies.
Fyrdwite, i. 190, 259, 590.

€ra, or gau, the, i. 96, 11 1.

GaUoway, relaticms of, to England
and Scotland, i. 557 ; scutage of^ i.
489 ; mercenaries from, i. 588.

Garter, order of, founded, ii. 399.

Gascoigne, Sir William, iii. 50, 76, 77.

Gascony, petitions touching, ii. 263.

Gaveston, Piers ; his early associa-
tion with Edward II, ii. 31 4, 319,
320; banished by Edward I, ii.
320; recalled, and made regent,
banished again, ii. 321 ; returns, ii.
325, 328; banished by the or-
dainers, ii. 331 ; recalled and mur-
dered, ii. 332.

Gentry, origin and growth of, iii. 544
sq.

Gerefik, i. 82, 83, 90, 93, 95, 102,
274 ; heah-gerefa, i. 125, 343 ; port-
gerefa, i. 93, 404 ; tun-gerefa, i. 42,

82, 95-
Germany, development of history in,

i. 5, ; law in, i. 10.
-— Caesar^s account of, i. 12, 16 ; that

of Tacitus, i. 17-20; changes of

national nomenclature in, i. 38.

— civic history in, i. 422, 423.

— representatives in the diets of, ii.
160, 162 ; estates in the diet, ii.
165.

Gesithcund, i. 81, 156, 162, 190, 232.
Gesiths, i. 124, 149, 150 ; importance

of, in Anglo-Saxon history, i. 152-

'55-



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634



Indem.



Gingra, i. 104.

Gloucester, parliament of 1378 at^ ii.

446; of 1407, iii. 260. 387.
Gloucester, earl o^ Riduurii de Clare,

rival of Simon de Montfort, ii. 75,

80, 83, 85 ; dies, ii. 66 ; his policj,

ii. 207.

— Gilbert, refuses to swear allegiance
to Edward in 1263, ii. 86; his
neutral position, ii. 88 ; at Lewes,
ii. 89, 90; takes part ia govern-
ment, ii. 91, 93 ; quarrels with
Simon, ii. 94 ; seices London in
1267, ii. 97 ; takes the oath of
allegiance to Edward I, ii. 103;
his private war, ii. lao, 123, 124;
marries Johanna of Acre, U. 121 ;
bis policy, ii. 297.

*- Ralph de Montbermer, ii. 148,

— Gilbert of Clare ; his sister married
to Gavt^ton, ii. 320 ; takes Gaves-
ton*8 part, ii. 325 ; an ordainer, ii.
327; mediates in 131 2, ii, 333;
killed at Bannockbum, ii. 335 ;
coheiresses of, ii. 340.

— Thomas of Woodstock, duke of, ii.
416 ; earl of Buckingham, iL 442 ;
growth of his influence, ii. 463 ;
made duke, ii. 468 ; heads the
baronial party, ii. 469 ; remonstrates
with Richard, ii. 473 ; his notion as
an appellant, ii. 478, 479 ; renewed
dislike to Richard, ii. 491 ; leaves
the court, ii. 493 ; arrested, ii. 494 ;
accused and dies, ii. 495 ; his
enemies accused, iii. 19-22 ; his
descendants, iii. 168.

— Humfrey of Lancaster, duke o^
iii. 58 ; made duke, iii. 82 ; lieu-
tenant of the realm in 1420, iii. 90;
charge of Henry V to, iii. 92 ; bis
character, iii. 94 ; opposition to the
Beaufort's, ib. ; vicegerent in Eng-
land, iii. 95 ; bis position settled by
parliament, iii. 97, 98 ; his foreign
intrigues and expedition, iii. 99 ; his
first quarrel with Beaufort, iit loi ;
his league with Bedford, iii. 102 ;
reconciled with Beaufort, iii. 103,
104 ; agrees to act by the advice of
the council, iii. 105 ; bis power as
protector defined, iii. 107 ; attacks
Beaufort again, iii. 109 ; his pro-
tectorate ends, iii. no; lieutenant



during the king's absence, Si. lis;
makes a third attack on Beaufort,
iiL 113; compromises, iiL 114;
defence of lord Cromwell against^
iii. 117; dispute with Bedford, iiL
1 21 ; his campaign in 1436, iii. 1 23 ;
bitterly attacks Beaufort in 1440,
iii. 125 ; his wife tried as a witch,
iiL 127 ; his exposition to the peace
and to Henry *H marriage, iiL 1 3^ ;
his arrest and death, iii. 135, 130-
138 ; trial of his servants, iii. 138.
Gloucester, Reginald Bowlers, abbot
of, iii. 159.

— Robert, earl of, see Robert.

— Greoffirey Mandeville, ead o( L
540; iu 9, 28.

Croths, L 10; first appearance o^ L

Graf, position of the, 1. 55, loi.
Green, Sir Henry, iL 494, 498.
Gregory I, his eoclesiastioal division

of England, L 217.
Gregory VII, iii. 291 ; his dimlinga

with William I, i. 285 ; iiL 292.
Gregory IX, ii. 39, 42, 68, 174. 305,

306, 310.
Gregory X, ii. 427 ; iii. 314.
Grey, of Ruthyn, Reginald lord, iiL

34. 36» 38 ; iuit of; against Haa^ngi,

iii. 534-

— Thomas, marque» of DoiBet^ iiL

220, 321.

Grith^L 181, 183.

Grosseteste, Robert, bishop of Tiiaooh,
ii* 57> ^* 294 ; bis opposition to the
pope's usurpations, ii. 66, 67 ; hii
grnavamina, iL 73; death, iL 72;
his principles) ii. 300-304; main-
tains clerical immunities, iiL 341 ;
on the Jews, iL 123, 530.

Guilds, L 405, 41 2, 415 ; Anglo-Sazoiv

L 4i3» 414. .
^merchant, 1. 411, 416, 417, 624,
625 ; iii. 661-565.

— craft, L 417 ; »". 565 sq,

— cnihten, i. 407, 415.

— thegns, L413.

^- illegal or adulterine, i. 418 ; iiL

566.
*- political importance o( L 419.
<— legislation on, iL 485.

Hans, Hans-bus, L 411.

Harolajr* Sir Andrew, iL 349 ; eari of



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Indem,



^iS



Carlisle, ii. 353 ; his treason and
death, u. 353, 354.
Hastings, «ee Pembroke.

— WilUara lord, captain of Calais, in.
220, 221 ; beheaded, ill. 223.

Haxey. Thomas, his bill, ii. 492, 5^7,

693 ; "i. 33.

Hengham, Justice, iL 107, 120.

Henry I, his accession, i. 303 ; sketch
of bis reign, i. 303-318; his oath
and charter, L 304^ 305 ; overthrows
Bobert of Normandy, i. 306-309 ;
his policy, i. 312-318.; revenue of,
i. 385; his laws restcH-ed, i. 526,

5«7. 532. ,

— of Blois, bishop of Winchester, L
335» 330, 461.

Henry II, crown secured to, i. 332 ;
sketch of his early career, i. 446,
447 ; his accession, i. 450 ; and re-
forms, i. 451, 452 ; reduces the
hostile barons, L 453; survey of
his reign, i. 450-494.

Henry, son of Heniy II, crowned, i.
474, 475 ; his rebellion, i. 476-480 ;
second rebellion, i. 490 ; character,
•&. ; death, ib. ; referred to, i. 563.

Henry III, fixes the holding of hun-
dred courts, i. 605 ; his accession,
ii. 18; sketch ef his reign, ii. 18^
99; constitutional results of his
minority, it 40.

Henry IV, as earl of Derby, li 416 ;
leads ^e baronial party, ii. 469 ;
&voured by the Londoners, ii. 471 ;
is one of thie appellants, ii. 479, 480 ;
defeats the duke of Ireland, ii. 479;
goes on crusade, ii. 487 ; death of
his wife, ii. 490 ; at court, ii. 493 ;
at Arundel's trial, ii. 495 ; duke of
Hereford, ii. 496 ; his banishment,
ii. 500; succeeds his father, ii. 501 ;
lands in Yorkshire, t6. ; claims the
crown, it 506 ; iii. 12; sketch of
his reign, iii. 12-76 ; his character,
iii. 7-9; summary of results, iii.
70-72 ; relation of his reign to the
next, iii. 72, 73 ;

— his household expenses, ii 552 ;
income, ii. 546.

Henry V, as prince of Wales, iii. 18 ;
duke of Aquitaine and Lancaster,
iii. 23 ; lieutenant in Wales, iii. 38 ;
crown settled on, iii. 45, 56 ; his
friendship with the Beaufixts, iii



58 ; takes t^ lead in council, iii. 65 ;
allies himself with Burgundy, iii.
66 ; attacked in council, iii. 69 ; hii
fathor asked to resign, iii. 68 ; suc-
ceeds, iii. 70 ; his character, iii. 73-
76; sketch of his reign, iii. 76-
96.

Henry VI, birth o^ iii, ^2 ; his acces-
sion, t&. ; sketch of his reign, iii.
92-189; arrested and imprisoned,
iii. 201 ; restored and holds parlia-
ment, iii. 208; taken by Edwsrd IV,
iii. 210; death and burial, iii. 211.

Herbert, Sir William, iii. 189 ; lord
Herbert, iii. 195, 202, 203; made
earl of Pembroke, iii. 204 ; put to
death, iii. 206.

Heresy, legislation against, ii. 465,

597 ; "i. 25, 31, 32, 333, Ih^'l^l J

petition on, iii. 63.
Heretoga, i. 41, 66, 113.
Heriot,!. 157, 261,443.
Hide, of land, i. 21, 74, 167, 264.
Hlaford, i. 79, 80 ; and mundbora, L

176.
Holland, John, eari of Huntingdon,

ii. 464, 467, 494 ; duke of Exeter,

ii. 496 ; degraded, iii. 19 ; joins in

the conspiracy of 1400 and is killed,

iii. 26; forfeited, iii. 31.

— John, son of John, restored to the
earldom, iii. 84, 87; victorious at
8ea, iii. 89 ; duke of Exeter, iii. 281.

— Henry, son of John, duke of Exeter,
iii. 169 ; escapes after Towton, iii.
190 ; attainted, iii. 196 ; returns to
England, iii. 208.

— Thomas, earl of Kent, ii. 464.

— Thomas, son of Thomas, ii. 494 ;
duke of Surrey, ii. 496 ; degraded,
iii. 19 ; conspires and is kiUed, iii.
26 ; forfeited, iii. 31 .

"— Edmund, earl of Kent, brother of

Thomas, iii. 48.
Homage, mutual obligation of, ii. lO ;

importance of, iii. 513-520.

— of bishops, i. 357 ; ii. 201, 202 ;
iii. 294, 296.

-— of Uie kings for Normandy and
Aquitaine, i. 559, 560; to them,
for Scotland and Ireland, i. 555-

559-

— of the king to the pope renounced,

ii.415-
Honorius III, pope, ii. 18-38, 42;



Digitized by VjOOQIC



6^6



Index.



his demandi for money and patron-
age, u. 38.

Honours and liberties, i. 106, 400.

Household, royal, commissions for
reform of, u. 462, 557, 558.

— expenses o^ ii. 552, 553; attack
on, iii. 43.

— charges of, separated from the
national acconnts, iii. 265.

Howard, John, lord, iii. 220; made
duke of Norfolk, iii. 226.

Hucbald, his accoimt of the old
Saxons, i. 43, 45, 57.

Hundreds, i. 7a; theories of the in-
stitution in England, i. 96-108 ;
how administered under the Nor-
man kings, i. 394, 398, 400; how
&rmed, ii. 149 ; not to be granted
by patent, ii. 434.

— Edgar's law of, i. 98.
HundreJs-ealdor, i. loi, 102.
Hundred-moot, i. 102-105 ; under the

Norman kings i. 394, 398. 399;

modified by Henry 111, i. 605, 606 ;

"• 273 ; by Edward III, ii. 382.
Hundred-roUs, ii. no.
Hungary, apostolic legation of the

kings of, iii. 293.
Hungerford, Walter, lord, iii. 98;

treasurer, iii. 104, 113.

— Eobert, lord, iiL 180

— Robert, lord Moleyns, iii. 180 ;
attainted, iii. 196; beheaded, iii.
199.

Huntmgdon, earldom of, i. 361, 455,
555 ; Guichard d'Angle, earl of, ii.
442 ; earls of^ tee Holland; election
at, in 1450, iii. 409, 43a.

Hus-carls, i. 150.

Hussite crusade, iii. 106, 109.

Iceland, early constitution of, u 56,

57; division of^ i. 72; grith in, i.

80.
Impeachment, practice of, ii. 431, 474,

481, 495. 562; iii. a66.
Infantry, equipment of, ii. a8a, 383 ;

wages of, ii. 285.
Innocent III, his dealings with John,

i. 520, 521, 561; ii. 6-17; iii

304-
Innocent IV, ii. 63 ; iii. 310.
Inquest, Norman system of, I. 275,

395 ; under Henry II, i. 613 eq,

— of sheriffs, in 11 70, i. 472, 473.



Inquest by sworn knights, to execute

the great charter, i. 622.
— • of quo warranto, ii. no, in.

— of office, iL 324.

Ireland, conquest of, projected, i. 453 ;
effected by Henry II, i. 475 ; Joiin



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