William Thomas Boone.

A complete course of volumetric analysis for middle and higher forms of schools online

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ammonium compounds, 62. 64, 66.

antimony, 95.

arson ate, 95. 158.

arsenious oxide, 94.

barium compounds, 55, 68, 128.

bleaching powder, 100, 103, 128.

bone ash, 125.

borax, 135, 126.

bromide, 113.

bromine water, 99.

calcium compounds, 49, 57, 100, 103,

no, 125, 128.

carbon dioxide in soda water, 62.

carbonates, 50, 51, 58, 126.

caustic alkali, 47. 52, 58, 66, 127.

chloride, 66, no, 112, 127.

chlorine available, 100, 103, 128.

water, 99.

chromate, 106.

copper, 102, 120, xai.

cyanides, 113, 114.

dichromate, 87, 106.

halides, 107.

hardness of water, 60, 61.

hydrochloric acid, 39, 43, 48, 56, 128.

hydrogen peroxide, 85, 102.

hypochlorite, 100, 103, 129.

iodine solution, 92.

- iron, 81, 83, 87, 88, 133,. 134.

lead, 129.

lead dioxide, 104.

manganese dioxide, 105.

mercury, 130.

mixtures: acids, 128, 130.

acid and salt, 130.

alkali and salt, 58, 127.

ammonia and caustic soda, 66.

carbonate and chloride, 127.

carbonate and sulphate, 53.

chlorides, 66, 110, 112.

chloride and hydrochloric acid,

Ia 7-

chloride and sulphate, 54.

metals, 116, 119, 121.

nitric acid and silver nitrate, 109.

oxalic acid and a salt, 84, 127, 130,

131-

nitrite. 131.

organic acids. 67, 79, 126, 129.

permanganate, 76, 77, 79, 101, 127.
phosphates, 121, 124.

potassium dichromate, 87.

silver, no, 116.

soda ash. 58.

sulphate, 46, 54.

sulphite, 97.

sulphur dioxide solution, 96, 98.
tartar emetic. 95.

thiosulphate, 98.
tin, 132.

water molecules (combined), 46, 53.

zinc, 119, 132, 131.

Estimations, backward titration methods,

conditions necessary for, 3.



Estimations, direct methods, 36.

indirect oxidation methods, 90.

oxidation methods, 72.

precipitation methods, 107.
Etching flasks, 10.
Exercises, notes on, 151.
External indicators, 22.



Factors, 33 , 44 , 87.
Faraday. 134.

Ferric compound reduced to ferrous. 82,
83-

condition, to prevent, 77, 78.
Ferrous ammonium sulphate, to prepare,

75-

sulphate, 77.
Ferrum redactum, 133.

Flasks, to calibrate, dry, and etch. 9, 10.
Floats, 8, 12.
Friend, Dr., 75.

G

Gasometric method, 133, 134.
Gay-Lussac's method,' no.
Graduated vessels, 6, 7, 10.
Gramme equivalent, 28.
Gravimetric methods, i, 46, 57, 68.

H

Halogens as oxidizing agents, 90.

Hant/.sch, 139.

Hardness of water, to estimate, 60, 61.

Hehner's method, 60.

Heights of liquids, to read, 13.

Hydrion, 136.

Hydrochloric acid, to estimate, 39, 43, 48,

5 6 -

(standard), to prepare, 41.
Hydrogen peroxide, to estimate, 85, 102.
Hydroxidion, 136.
Hypochlorites, 99, 100, 103, 128, 129.

I

Indicators, 3, 15, 18. 22. 93, 109, 115. 116,
118.123,134.

choice of, in acidimetry, &c., 35.

theory of, 137.

two used in one estimation, 58.
Indirect methods, 62, 90.

Iodide of starch, 143.
Iodine, 22, 23, 92.

standard solution of, 91.

to purify, ox.

Iodized starch paper, 23, 143.

lodometry, 96.

Ions, 134, 136.

Iron, to estimate, 81, 83, 87, 88, 133, 134.

K

Rations, 135.
Kingzctt's method, 102.
" Known strength", a, 34



INDEX



163



Lead, alkaline solution of, 118.
to estimate, 1*9.
Liebig's method, 113, 114.
Lime water, to estimate, 49.
Litmus, 15, 19, 20, 35, 51, 138, 140.
Lowenthal's method, 132.



M

Manganese dioxide, estimation of, 104,

sulphate, use of, 75, 133.
Measurement of liquids, apparatus lor, 5.
Mercury, estimation of, 130.

Method, Bunsen's, 105.

Carnegie's, 87.

direct for estimating ammonia, 64.

gasometric, 133, 134.

Gay-Lussac's, no.

gravimetric, i, 46, 57, 68.

Hehner's, 60.

indirect, for estimating ammonia, 62.

Kingzett's, 102.

Liebig's, 113, 114-

Lowenthal's. 132.

M' Kay's, 158.

Mohr's, 109, 1 10.

Moody's, 41.

oxidation, direct, 72.
indirect, 90.

Parkes', 120.

Personnels, 130.

precipitation, 107.

Rakow's, no.

Volhard's, iis> 116.

Wenig's, 46.

Methyl orange, 20, 35, 141.
Mixtures, estimation of, 53, 54, 66, 81, 84,
109, no, 112, 113, 114, 116, 127, 128, 130,

of two salts with one radical in com-
mon, 112.

Mohr's burette, 7.

method, 109, no.

salt, preparation of, 75.
Mol, 49.

Molar and molecular solution, 25.
Molecular weight determined, 69, 70.
Molecules of combined water estimated,

46, 53, 81.
Moody s method, 41.



N



N.



N, , 2 N, &c., solutions, 26, 145.

2

Neutralization, 36, 38, 136.
Nitric acid, estimation of, 109.
Nitrite, estimation of, 131.
Normal solutions, 26, 145.
Notes on exercises, 151.



o

Organic acids, estimation of, 67.

equivalent of, 67.

molecular weight of, 69.
Oxalic acid, 70, 79, 84, 126, 127.
Oxidation methods, 72, 90.
Oxygen available, 86, 101, 102.



Parkes' method, 120.

Peroxide of hydrogen, estimation of, 85,

102.

Personne, 131.

Phenolphthalein, ai, 36, 138, 139.
Phosphates, estimation of, 122, 124.
Picric acid, 139.
Pipettes, 7, n. .

Potassium carbonate, estimation or, 51.

chloride, estimation of, 1 10.

chromate, 142.

cyanide, 120, 121, 122, 137.
estimation of, 114, 120.

dichromatc, 22, 30, 86, 87.
estimation of, 106.

ferricyanide, 24, 81, 144.

ferrocyanide, 123.

iodide, 98, 99, 102, 103.

permanganate, 16, 28, 72, 77, 82, 127.

thiocyanate, 114, 115.
Precipitation methods, 107.
Preparation of iodized starch paper, 23.
litmus solution, 19.

methyl orange solution, 20.

Mohr's salt, 75.

oxalic acid, 79.

phenolphthalein solution, 21.

sodium carbonate (dry), 38.

chloride crystals, 108.

standard solutions, 30.

of arsenious oxide, 94.

barium hydroxide, 68.

calcium phosphate, 1 24.

caustic soda, 52.

copper salt, lai.

ferrous sulphate, 77.

hydrochloric acid, 41.

iodine, 91. _

microcosmic salt, 123.

permanganate, 76.

potassium cyanide, 121.

dichromate, 87.

silver nitrate, 109.

sodium carbonate, 38.

chloride, 108.

sulphide, 117.

thiosulphate, 92.

sulphuric acid, 45, 46.

tartaric acid, 68.

thiocyanate, 1 1 5.

uranyl acetate, 123.

starch solution, 22.

Purification of arsenious oxide, 95.
iodine, 91.



i6 4



VOLUMETRIC ANALYSIS



Q

Questions, answers to, 153.



Rakow's method, no.

Reading- heights of liquids, 13.

Record of work, yj, 40.

Reduced iron, estimation of, 133, 134.

Reducing- solution to standard strength,

Reduction by ammonium bisulphite, 86,
88.

stannous chloride, 86, 89.

zinc, 82, 83, 86

factor, 33, 44, 87.

methods, 72.

Residual methods of analysis, 55.
Results, how to calculate, 40, 52, 56, 63.
tabulate, 40.



Salammoniac, estimation of, 62.
Salts, standard solutions of, 28.
Silver, estimation of, no, 116.

chromate, 18, 109.

nitrate, standard solution of, 109.
use of, 107.

Soda ash, estimation of, 58.
Soda-water, estimation of carbon dioxide

in, 62.
Sodium acetate, 137.

arsenite, 23, 94.

bicarbonate, use of in iodometry, 93,
95, 96.

carbonate, estimation of, 50, 58.
(dry), preparation of, 38.

chloride, estimation of, 66.

crystals, preparation of, 108.

to prepare standard solution of, 109.

hydrogen sulphate, estimation of, 54.

hydroxide, estimation of, 47, 52, 66.

hypochlorite, estimation of, 129.

nitrite, estimation of, 131.

oxide (in carbonate), estimation of, 50.

phosphate, 137.
estimation of, 124.

sulphide, standard solution of, 116, 117.

sulphite, estimation of, 97.

thiosulphate, 92, 97.
estimation of, 98.

Solubility of calcium compounds deter-
mined, 49, 57.

oxalic ncid determined, 126.

Solution of known strength, 2, 3.

litmus prepared, 19.

methyl orange prepared, 20.

phenolphthalein prepared, at.

Solutions, empirical, 145.

molar, 25.

molecular, 25.

normal, 26.



Solutions of " equal strength", 27.

reduced to standard strength, 43*

standard, 25, 145.
table of, 145.

to reduce very strong, 39.

volumetric, 25.
Specific gravity method, 45.
Standard solutions, 25, 145. (Also see"

Preparation of standard solutions.)
Stannous chloride as reducing agent, 86,

89.
Starch, 22, 142.

paper (iodized), 23, 143.
Strength of solutions, 3, 4, 25, 145.
"Strong" acids, bases, &c., 67, 135.
Sulphur dioxide, estimation of, 96, 98.
Sulphuric acid, estimation of, 45, 46, &-c.
Sutton, 140.



Table of atomic weights, 150.

standard solutions, 145.

Tabulating results, 40.

Tartar emetic, estimation of, 95.

Tartaric acid, equivalent determined. 69.

Thiocyanate, use of, 114..

Thiosulphate, use of, with iodine, 97.

Tin, estimation of, 132.

Titration, 33, 36.

backward method, 54.

Tropseolin D, 141.

Turmeric, ai, 142.

u

Uranyl acetate, 122, 123.



Vinegar, its acidity estimated, 67.
Volhard's method, 115, 116.
Volumetric methods, i, 2.
solutions, 25, 145.



w

Water combined, estimation of, 46, 53,81.
hardness of, estimated, 60, 61.
Weak acids and bases, 67, 135.
Weighing bottle, 50.
Weight of a litre of water, 5.
Wemg's method, 46.
Wollaston, 71.
Work, how to record, 37, 40.



Zinc as reducing agent. 82, 83, 86.
estimation of, 119, 132, 133.



QD111 Boone, Tf.T. 42217
B72 A complete course of volu
1918 metric analysis...



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Online LibraryWilliam Thomas BooneA complete course of volumetric analysis for middle and higher forms of schools → online text (page 11 of 11)