William Tooke.

A new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) online

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Online LibraryWilliam TookeA new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) → online text (page 14 of 48)
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His character of arnbafTador, deemed facred by the law of
nations, could not protect him from the refentment of
Charles Xi I, , and, on the 20th of the fame month, he was
arrefted and imprifoned. As an amufement during his cap-
tivity, which was long, and for forne time extremely rigorous,
and, at the requefl of his fellow-prifoner, prince Trubetfkoi,
he began an abridgement of the " Ruffian Hiftory," from its
carlieft period to his own time ; which he completed before he
was reftored to liberty. Hitherto, though Ruffia abounded
in chronicles and annals relative to detached periods, yet, ex-
cepting a dry detail of fa -ls ? compiled for the ufe of Alexey
Michaelovitch, it poffefled no regular and connected hiflory.
The firft attempt towards fuch a work was undertaken by
prince Khilkof. After a confinement of 18 years, he expired
in his prilbn of Weileras, iu the moment when he was upon


K I D D E R. 117

the point of being releafed. His work, called " The Kernel
of the Ruffian Hiitory," is a mere abridgement, and was pub-
limed in 1770 by Mr. Muller. It forms only one volume in
8vo, and contains ieven books: the firu c ;mmences with the
creation of the world, and ends with the erection of the Ruffian
empire under Ruric ; the remaining fix carry down the hiflory
from that period to the year 1713. During for;. , .-r. of his
confinement, he was permitted to receive from Mofcr-. ] >ooks,
extracts from chronicles, and a few itate-papers ; but, as he
could not obtain the neceffarv documents io we'l as if he had
been upon the fpot, his performance unavoidably contains oc-
cafional errors, many of which the judicious editor has pointed
out and corrected. About the time of Ivhilkof 's death, ano-
ther native commenced a fimilar work upon a much larger
fcale, and who had more opportunities of obtaining informa-
tion. This perfon was Vallili Tatiiichef; of whom fome
memoirs will hereafter be given.

KIDDER (Dr. RICHARD), a very learned Englilh bifhop,
was born, as Wood fays, in SufTex, but, as others fay, in
Suffolk. In 1649, he was fent to Emanuel-college in Cam-
bridge, where he took his bachelor and mafter of -Arts degree
at the regular times. He was prefented by his college to the
vicarage of Stanground, in Huntingdonmire ; from which he
was ejected, for nonconformity, in 1662, by virtue of the
Bartholomew act : 'but, conforming icon after, he was pre-
fented, by Arthur earl of EfTex, to the rectory of Raine, in
EfTex, 1664. Here he continued till ^674, when he was pre-
fented to the rectory of St. Martin's Outwich, London, by
the Merchant-Tailors company. September 1681, he was
inftalled into a prebend of Norwich ; and, in 1689, made
dean of Peterborough, in the room of Simon Patrick, pro-
moted to the feeof Chichefter. Upon the deprivation of Ken,
bifhop of Bath and Wells, for not taking the oarhs to king
William and queen- Mary, and Beveridge's rufufal of that fee ;
Kidder, to whom it was offered next, did not prove fo fcru-
puious ; but, being nominated thereto in June 1691, was
confecrated the Augufl following. In 1693. he preached the
lecture founded by the honourable Roberl Boyle, being the
fecond that preached it. His fermons on that occafion are in-
ferted in, " Demonftration of the Ajeffias," in three parts;
the firfl of which was published in 1694, the fecond in 1699,
and the third in 1700, 8vo. It is levelled againft the jews;
and the author makes in it an excellent ufe of his great know-
ledge of the Hebrew and Oriental languages, for which he had
long been famous. He wrote alfo, " A Commentary on the
Five Books of tVlofes ; with a Differtation concerning the
Author or Writer of the laid Books, and a general Argument

It o Q

3 to

nS K I D D E R.

to each of them." This commentary was publifhed in 1694,
in two volumes 8vo ; and the reader, in the preface, is thus
acquainted with the occafion of it: " Many years are now
parTed iince a considerable number of the London clergy met
together, and agreed to publifh ibme fhort notes upon the
whole Bible, for the ufe of families, and of all thofe well-dif-
pofed perfonR that defired to read the holy fcriptures to their
greateft advantage. At that meeting, they agreed upon this
worthy defign, and took their feveral mares, and afiigned forne-
part to them who were abfent. I was not prefent at that
meeting ; but 1 was foon informed, that they had aiTigned to
rn 2 the Pentateuch. The work was begun with common ccn-
fent . we did frequently meet ; and what was done was commu-
nicated from time to time to thofe that met together and were
concerned. The methods of proceeding had been ad jutted,
and agreed to ; a'fpecimen \vas printed, and an agreement was
made when it mould be put to the prefs. 1 finished mv part in
order thereto ; but fo it fell out, that, foon after all this, the
clouds began to gather apace, and there was great ground to
fear, that the popifh party were' attempting to ruirt the Church
of England. Hence it came to pafs, that the thoughts of pur-
fuing this defign were lai'd ; and thofe that were con-
cerned in it were now obliged to turn their ftudies and pens
againil that dangerous enemy. During this time alfo, feme of
the perfons concerned in this work were taken away by death ;
and thus the work was hindered, that mi :ht elfe have beem
finifhed long fince. f, having drawn up my notes upon this
occafion, do-now think myfelf obliged to make them public,"
&c. To the firft volume is prefixed a cliiTertation, wherein the
bifhop fets down, and anfwers, all the objections made againft
Mofes's being the author of the Pentateuch : and having con-
fide red, among the reft, one objection drawn by Le Glerc, from
Gen. xxxvi. 31, and fpoken in pretty ievere terms of him,
fome letters palled between them, which were printed by Le
Gere, in his " Bibhotheque Choiiie," wlier in farisfaction is
made 1 for the cenfnre that had been paffed upon him. Dr.
Kicider had likewife borne a part in the famous popilh con-
troverfy, during which he published the following tracts :
l. " A Second Dialogue between a new Catholic Convert and
a Proteftant ; (hewing why he cannot believe the Doctrine of
Tranfubftantiation, though he do firmly believe the Doctrine of
the Trinity" i. *' An Examination of Bellarmine's Thir-
tieth Note of the Church, of the Confeflion of Adverfaries."
3. " The Texts which Papifts cite out of the Bible for the
Proof of their Doctrine, ' of the Sacriiice of the Mais,' ex-
amined." 4. *' Reflections on a French Teflament, printed at
Bourdeaux 1686, pretended to be tranflated out of the Latin



by the Divines of Louvain." He publifhed alfo feveral fer-
mons and tracts, which we need not be particular about here.
This prelate died, Nov. 1703, in his palace at Wells, and
was privately buried in the cathedral. Through a molt un-
happy accident, in the night between the 26th and 27th of
that month, he was killed in his bed, with his lady, by the
fall of a ftack of chimneys, occafioned by the great florin. He
was a very clear, elegant, learned writer ; and one of the beft
divines of his time.

KIERiNGS (ALEXANDER), fcarcely known out of Hol-
land, where he flourilhed about the year 1686, and where he
was valued for his landfcapes. But the figures were generally
done by Poelemburg, whofe difciple he had been.

KILIAN (CORNELIUS), a native of Brabant, and for
fifty years corrector of the prefs to Plantin. The fkill and
diligence of Kilian materially contributed to the great reputa-
tion which his employer obtained ; and he alfo publiihed
" An .Apology for prefs Corrections againft the Corrections
of Authors ;" as \vellas " Etymologicon linguae Teutonics,"
into fome Latin verfes.

KILLIGREW, an Englifh name for many ingenious
perfons of both fexes, and of the fame family too. The firfl
we meet with, is CATHAR INE, the daughter of Sir Anthony
Cooke, who was born at Giddy-hall, in Eflex, about 1530 ;
and married to Henry Killigrew, Efq. a Corniili gentleman of
good abilities, who, for the fervice he, did his country in the
quality of an ambafiador, was knighted. This lady having
the advantages of an excellent education, joined to an elegant
natural genius., became, like many other ladies her contempo-
raries, very learned. She underitood the Hebrew, Greek,
and Latin tongues, and was famous for her fkill in poetry ; a
final! fpecimen of which is preferred by Sir John Harrington,
in his notes to the tranflation of " Arioilo ;" and by Fuller, in
his " Worthies."

KILLIGREW (WILLIAM), defcended from this family,
was the eldelt fon of Sir Robert Killigrew, knt. and born
at Hanworth in Middlefex, 1605. He became a gentleman-
commoner of St. John's college, Oxford, in 1622; where
continuing about three years, he travelled abroad, and, after
his return, was made governor of Pendennis caftle, and of
Falmouth haven in Cornwall. After this, he was called to
attend Charles 1. as one of the gentlemen-umers of his privy-
chamber; in which employment he continued till the
breaking- out of the civil wars, and then had the command
given him of one of the two great troops of' horfe that
guarded the king's perfon. He was in attendance upon th?
king when the court redded at Oxford, and was created

I 4 doctor

120 K I L L I G R E W.

doctor of civil law in 1642; and, when the king's affairs
were ruined, he fufFered, as the other Cavaliers did, and
compounded with the Republicans for his eftate. Upon the
Reftoration of Charles II, he was made gentleman ~u(her of
the privy chamber again; and, on that king's marriage, was
created his iirfl vice- chamberlain, in which ftation he con-
tinued twenty-two years. He died in 1693, an< ^ was buried
in Weftminfter-abhey. He was the author of four plays,
\vhich were printed at Oxford, 1666, in folio, and have
been applauded by men very eminent in poetry ; particularly
by Wallee, who addrefles a copy of verfes to him, upon his
altering *' Pandora'* from a tragedy into a comedy, becaufe
not approved on the (rage. There is another play afcribed
to him, called " The Imperial Tragedy, 1690," folio.
There is alfo a little poem of his extant, which was fet to
mufic by the noted Henry Lawes. Wood fays, that after he
retired from court, in his declining age. he wrote " The
artlefs midnight Thoughts of a Gentleman at court, who for
many Years built on Sand, which every Blaft of crois Fortune
has defaced,, but now has laid new Foundations on the Rock
of his Salvation, 1684." 8vo; of which the fecond edition,
with additions, was dedicated to Charles II. and another
work, intituled, " Midnight and daily Thoughts, in Prole
and Verfe, 1694." 8vo.

. K1LLIGREW (THOMAS), brother of the former, was
born in 1611, and diftinguiihed alfo by uncommon natural
parts. He was page of honour to Charles I, and groom of
the bed-chamber to Charles II, with whom he had fufFered
many years exile. During his abode beyond fea, he took a
view of France, Italy, and Spain; and was honoured by his
majefty with the employment of relident at the ftate of
Venice, whither he was fent in Aug. 1751. In this abfence
from his country, he applied his leiiure hours to poetry, and
the compoiidon of feveral plays ; of which Sir JoU*i Denham,
m a jocular way, takes notice, in his poem on our author's
return from his embaffy to Venice. Though Denham. men-
tions but fix, -our author wrote nine plays in his travels, and
two at London; all which were printed, with his picture
before them, in one volume folio, at London, 1664. There
is, befides thefe plays of his, 4< A Letter concerning the pof-
iemng and difpoffeffing of feveral Nuns in the Nunnery at
Tours, inFrarce;" dated Orleans, Dec. the 7 ib, 1635, and
printed in three fheets folio. He died in 1682, and was
buried in Weft mi niter-abbey. He had been twice married.
He was a man of very droll make, and had an uncommon
vein of humour, with which he ufed to divert that merry
iiionarch Charles II; who, on that account, was fonder of


K I L L I G R E W. 121

him than of his bed minifters, and would give him accefs to
his prefence, when he denied it to them. It was ufually faid
of him, that, when he attempted to write, he was nothing
near fo fmart as he was in convcrfation : which was juft the
reverfe of Cowley, who (hone but little in company, though
he excelled fo much with his pen. Hence Denham, who^
knew them both, has taken cccdion thus to characterife their
refpedlive excellences and defects :

" Had Cowley ne'er fpoke, Killigrew ne'er writ,
" Combin'd in one, they'd made a matchlefs wit."

KILLIGREW (HENRY), brother of the former, was
born in 1612, educated in grammar learning under the cele-
brated Farnaby, and fent to Chrift-church, Oxford, in 1628*
In 1638, having taking his degrees in arts, he went into
orders, and became a chaplain in the king's army. In 1642,
he was created doctor of divinity; and the fame year made
chaplain to James duke of York, and prebendary of Weir-
miniter. Afterwards he fuircrcd, as an adherent in the
king's caufe; but, at the Reiteration, was made almoner to
the duke of York, fuperintendant to the affairs of his chapel,
rector of Wheatamiread, in Hertfordfhire, and mafter of the
arvoy hofpital in Weftminfter. He wrote, when only feven-
teen years of age, a tragedy, called, " The Confpiracy,"
which was admired by feme wits of thofe times; particularly
by Ben Jonfon, then living, " who gave a teitimony of it
(lays Langbaine) even to be envied/' and by lord Falkland.
An imperfect copy of this getting out in 1638, he afterwards
caufed it to be republiihed in 1652, with the new title of
* c Pallantus and Eudora." He published a volume of fermons,
which had been preached at court in 1685, 4 t0; anc ^ a ^ two
or three occalional lermons. The year of his death does not

KILLIGREW (ANNE), " a Grace for beauty, and a
Miife for wit, 5 ' as Wood fays, was the daughter of Henry
Killigrew, juft recorded; and born in London, a little before
the Reftoration, She gave the earlieft difcoveries of genius;
which being improved by a polite education, ihe became emi-
nent in the arts of poetry and painting. Dryden feems quite
laviih in her commendation; but Wood aftures us, that he
has not faid any thing of her, which ihe was not equal, if
not fuperior to. She was a great proficient in the art of
painting, and painted a portrait of the duke of York, after-
wards James 11. and alfo of the duchefs, to whom (he was a
maid of honour; which pieces are highly applauded by Dry-
den. She drew feveral hiftory-pieces, alfo fome portraits for


i2 K I L L I G R E W.

her diverfion, and likewife fome pieces of {till-life. Mr.
Eecket did her picture in mezzotinto, after her own painting,
\vhich is prefixed to her poems. Thefe Engaging and polite
accomphlhments were the leaft of her perfections; for fhe
crowned all with an exemplarv piety, and unblemifhed virtue.
This amiable woman died of the fmall-pox, June 1685, when
file was no more than in her 25th year: upon which fad
occalion Drydcn's Mufe put on the mourning habit, and
lamented her death moil movingly, in a very long ode. The
year after, were printed and published her (< Poems," in a
large thin quarto : which, befides the publisher's preface, and
Dryden's oce, contains an . hundred pages. She was buried
in the bavoy chapel, where is a very neat, monument fixed
in the wall, with a Latin inscription on it, fetting forth
Jherbeautv, her accomplilhments, her virtue, and piety.

KILL1GREW (MARGARET), memorable for writing no
lefs than thirteen folios, was the daughter of Thomas Lucas,
and fecond wife of William Cavendifh, duke of Newcastle.
The life of the dune her hufband is the molt valuable of all
her productions. I his has been translated into Latin. James
Briftow, of Corpus-Chrifli College, Oxford, undertook to
tranilate a volume of her philolophical works,' but was foon
forced to ciefiil from the undertaking. Such was the obfcurity
of the iubject, that he could not find words where he had no
ideas. Died 1673.

KIMCH1 (RABBI DAVID), a famous Jewilh commen-
tator -upon the Old Tcftament, who lived at the end of the
i2th and beginning of the i Qth century. He was by birth a
Spaniard, fon of the rabbi jo'.eph Kimchi, and brother of
rabbi Mofes Kimchi, both men of eminent learning among
the Jews: but he himfelffar exceeded them both, being the
betl* grammarian in the Hebrew language the Jews ever had.
This abundantly appears, not only from his Commentary on
the Old Teftament, which gives great light into the literal
fenfe of the Hebrew text; but alfo from a grammar and dic-
tionary, which he wrote, of the Hebrew language ; both, by
many degrees, the beft in their kind. The firft of theie he
calls Michol, and the other Sepher i>horalhim, that is, " the
Book of Roots." Buxtorf made his " Theiaurus Linguae
Kebraeai" out of the former; and his " Lexicon Linguae
Bebraese" out of the latter. Kitnchr, was not only remark-
able for his zeal, but alib for his uncommon abilities and
learning; and his writings have ever been held in fuch ellima-
tion among the Jews, that none can rife to any degree of
reputation for letters and theology who has not read and
ftudied them.


KING. 123

KING (JoHN), a learned Englifh bifliop, was born at
Wornall about 1559, educated in Weftminfter-fchool, and
fent to Chrift-church, Oxford, in 1576; where he took,
indite time, his degrees in arts. He was afterwards chaplain
to queen Elizabeth; archdeacon of Nottingham in 1590;
doctor of divinity in 1601 ; dean of Chrift-church in 1605;
and bifhop of London in 1611. Belides his " Lectures upon
Jonah," printed in 1594, he pubhfhed feveral fermons.
James I. ufed to ftyle him " the king of preachers;" and lord
chief jnftice Coke often declared, that 4t he was the belt
fpeaker in the liar-chamber in his time." He was fo conftant
in preaching, after he was a bifhop, that he never miffed a
funday, when his health permitted. He died, March 30,
1621 ; and, foon after, the Papifts reported, that he died a
member of their church; but the falfity of this ftory was
fufficiently expofed by his fon Henry, in a fermon at St.
Paul's crofs ; and by bifhop Godwin, in the appendix to his
" Commentarius de Praefulibus Anglian."

KING (HENRY), ion of the preceding, was born at
Wornall, in January 1591 ; educated partly at Thame in
Oxfordfhire, and partly at Weftminfter; and elected ftudent
of Chrift-church, Oxford, in 1608. After taking his de-
grees, and entering into orders, he became chaplain to James I.
afterwards archdeacon of Colchefter ; then reiidentiary of St.
Paul's, and canon of Chrift-church ; doctor of divinity in
1625; afterwards chap.'ain to Charles 1; dean of Rochefter
in 1638 ; and bifliop of Chichefter in 1641. Though he
was always efteeined puritanically affected, and had been pro-
moted to Chichefter in order to pleafe that party ; ver, upon
the breaking-out of the civil wars, and the ciiffolution of
epifcopacy, he was treated by them with great feverity. At
the 'Reftoration he recovered his bilhopric ; and Wood tells
us, that " he was efteemed, by many persons of his diocefe
and neighbourhood, the epitome of all honours, virtues, and
generous noblenefs, and a perfon never to be forgotten by his
tenants and the poor." He died October 1669, after having
published feveral works viz,, I. " Sermons," printed at dif-
ferent times. 2. " Expofition of the Lord's Praver, 1628,"
4to. 3. " The Pfalms of David, from the new Translation
of the Bible, turned into Metre, &c. 1651," lamo. 4, " A
deep Groan fetched at the Funeral of the incomparable and
glorious monarch king Charles I. 1649," in one Sheet. 5.
" Poems, Elegies, Paradoxes, Sonnets, 1657," 8vo. 6. Di-,
vers Latin and Greek poems, publiihecl in feveral books.
7. There is a letter of his to Mr. Ifaac Walton, concerning the
three imperfect books of Hooker's EcclefiafticaJ policy ; dated



124- KING.

at Chichefter, Nov. 17, 1664, and prefixed to Walton's life
of Hooker.

KING (EDWARD), an excellent youth, whom we here
mention rather with a view to gain than to give information,
was a fellow of (Thrift's college, Cambridge, in 1632
and 1633. He was unfortunately drowned in his pafTage
from Chefler to the Iriih feas; a c i re u mft a nee which gave
birth to the admirable " Lycidas" of Milton. How well

" He knew

Himfelf to ling, and build the lofty rhyme,"

may be feen by the admirable fpecimens exhibited in the
*' Collection" which furniihes this brief memorial. It is
not eafy to determine whether his hexameters, his Alcaic
Odes, or his iambics, have the greateft lhare of merit.
Even his epigrams, allowing the method of them to be truly
epigrammatic, fhew the hand of a mailer; and the whole of
his performances prove him to be poiTeded of a genius which
\vas by no means over-rated with the attention and the
friend (hip of Mi iron.

KING (DR. WILLIAM), an ingenious and humourous
Englifh writer, was born in London 1663, fon of Ezekiel
King, a gentleman. He was allied to the noble families
of Clarendon and Rochefter. From Weilminiler fchool,
where he was a fcholar on the foundation under the care
of Dr. Bufbv, he was at eighteen elected to Chrifc-Church,
Oxford, and admitted a iludent there in Michaelmas term

Early in life, Mr. King became pofTefTed of a fmail pa-
ternal eirate in Middlefex. From his occasionally mentioning
*' his tenants in Northampton and Leicefterihire," his bio-
graphers have fuppofed him to have been a landholder alfo
in thofe counties ; but there is little authority for fuch a
fuppofition. However, from his going out compounder when
he took his fir [I degree, it is plain that he had a tolerable
fortune, which enabled him to indulge his genius and in-
clination in the choice and method of his fludies. He took
his fir ft degree in arts, Dec. 8, 1685; proceeded regularly
to M. A. July 6, 1688; and the fame year commenced
author. A religious turn of mind, joined to the warmeft
regard for the honour of his country, promoted him to refcue
the character and name of WicklifFe, our firft reformer,
from the calumnies of Mont". Varillas. The thing had been
publicly renuefted alfo, as a proper undertaking for fuch as
were at leilure. and would take the trouble. Mr. King,
therefore, deeming himielf to be thus called forth to the




charge, readily entered the lifts; and, with a proper mixture
of wit and learning, handfomely expofed the blunders of
that French author, in " Reflexions upon Ivlonf. Varillas*
Hiftory of Herefy, Book I. Tom. I. fo far as relates to
Englifh Matters, more efpecially thofe of WicklifFe." About
this time, having fixed on the civil law as his profeffion, he
entered upon that line in the univerfity.

In 1690, he tranflated, from the French of Monfieur and
Madame Dader, "The Life of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus,
the Roman Emperor ; together with fome felect Remarks
on the faid Antoninus's Meditations concerning himfelf,
treating of a natural Man's Happinefs, &c. as alio upon the
Life of Antoninus." About the fame time he wrote " A
Dialogue fhewing- the Way to Modern Preferment i" a droll
fatire, which contains fome folid truths, under the difguife
of a converfation between three illuftnous perfonages ; the
Tooth-drawer to Cardinal Porto-Carero ; the Corn-cutter to
Pope Innocent XI; and the Receiver-general to an Ottoman
Mufti, [uly 7, 1692, he took his degree of B. and D. LL.
and Nov. 12, that year, by favour of abp. Tillotfon, obtained
a Fiat-, which, admitting him an advocate at Doctors Corn-


mons, enabled him to plead in the courts of the civil and
ecclefiaftical law. In 1693, he published a tranflation of
"^efr Manners and Characters of the two great Brothers,
the Duke of Bouillon and Marefchal Turenne, written in
French by James de Langdale, Baron of Saumieres." Either
in this, or early in the following year, appeared a very ex-
traordinary morceau. under the title of Ci An Anfwer to a
Book, which will be published next week, intituled, A Letter
to the Reverend Dr. South, upon occaiion of a late Book,
intituled, Animadverfions on Dr. Sherlock's Book, intituled,
A Vindication of the Holy and Ever-blefFcd Trinity. Being
a Letter to the Author." In Augufl 1694, Mr. Molefworth
publiihing his " Account of Denmark as it was in the year
1692," our author took up his pen once more in his country's
caufe, the honour of winch was thought to he blemifhed by
that account; Mr. Scheel, the Danilh minifter, -having
prefented a memorial againil it. Animated with this fpirit,
he drew up a cenfure of it, which he printed in 1604,

Online LibraryWilliam TookeA new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) → online text (page 14 of 48)