William Tooke.

A new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) online

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Online LibraryWilliam TookeA new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) → online text (page 19 of 48)
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to the church and city of Hamburg; and was fo famed for
his abilities and prudence, that, in i5OOj John king of
Denmark, and Frederick duke of Holftein, did not fcruple
to make him umpire, in a conteft they had with the Dith-
marfi. He died in ic 17, after having written fome verv good

*J - 1 * ' J O

works, which were afterwards publifhed : as, i. " Chronica
Regnoruai Aquilorum, Dania?, Suecis, Norvegiae. Argen-
torat. 1546," folio. 2. " Saxonia, five de Saxonicas Gentis
vetuila Origine, longinquis Expeditionibus fufceptis, et
Bellis Domi pro Libcrtate diu fortiterque geilis Hiftoria,
Libris .13 comprehenfa, et ad Annum 1501 deducla. Colon.
1520," folio. 3. " Vandalia, five Hiftoria de Vandaloruna
vera Origine, vari ; s Gentibus, crebris e Patria Migrationibus,
Regnis item, quorum vel Autores fuerunt vel Everfores,
Libris 14 a prima eorum Origine ad A. C. 1500 dedudla.
Colon. 1519," folio. 4. '* Metropolis, live Hiitoria Eccle-
VOL. IX. M iMica

K U H L M A N.

fiafHca Saxoniae. Bafil. 1548," folio; and fome fmaller

KUHLMAN (QuiRiNus), a celebrated fanatic, was born
at Breflaw in Silefia 1651, and gave great hopes by the un-
common progrefs he made in literature; but this was inter-
rupted by aficknefs he laboured under at eighteen years of age.
He was thought to be dead on the third day of his illnefs, but
had then, it feems, a moil terrible vifion. He fancied himfelf
fnrrounded with all the devils in hell, and this at mid-day,
when he was awake. This vifion was followed by another of
God himfelf, furrounded by his faints, and Jefus Chrifc in
the midft; when he faw and felt things inexpreffible. Two
days after, he had more yifipns of the fame kind , and when
he was cured of his diftenaper, though he perceived a vaft
alteration with regard to thefe fights, yet he found himfelf
perpetually encompafled with a circle of light on his left hand.
He had no longer any tafte for human learning, nor any
value for univeriity-difputes or lectures , he would have no
other mailer but the Holy Ghofl. He left his country at

> j

nineteen years of age. His defire to lee Holland made him
haften thither, even in the midft of a very terrible war; and
he landed at Amfterdam, Sept. 3, 1673, which was but three'
days before the retaking the city of Naerden. He went to
Leyden a tew days after, and met with Jacob Bellmen's works,
the reading of which was like throwing oil into the fire. He
was furprifed to find, that Behmen had prophefied of things,
of which he thought nobody but himfelf had the leaft know-
ledge. There' was at that time in Holland one Tohn Rothe,
a prophet likewife; for whom Kuhlmau conceived a high
veneration, and dedicated to him his " Prodromus quin-
quennii mirabilis," printed at Leyden in 1674. This work
was to be followed by two other volumes; in the nril of which
he intended to introduce the iludies and difcoveries he had
made fince his firft vifion till 1674. He communicated his
defign to father Kircher; and, commending fome books
which that Jefuit had published, he let him know, that he
had only fetched out what himfelf intended to carry much
farther. It is diverting enough to fee how Kircher managed
him: he wrote him civil anfwcrs, in which he did not
trouble himfelf to defend his works, much lefs to vie with
Kuhlman in knowledge : no ; he {truck fail before him, and
declared, that, having written only as a man, he did net
pretend to equal thofe who wrote by infpiration, " 1 frankly
own myfelf,** fays he, *' incapable of your fublime and ce-
leftial knowledge: what 1 have written, I have written after
an human manner, that is, by knowledge gained by fludy
and labour, not divinely infpired or infaied. 1 do not doubt




but that you, by means of the incomparable and vafl extent
of your genius, will produce difcoveries much greater and
more admirable than my trirles.. You promife great and in-
credible things, which, as they far tranfcend all human ca-
pacity, fo L affirm boldly, that they have never been at-
tempted, nor even thought of, by any perfon hitherto ; and
therefore I cannot but fufpe6r., that you have obtained by the
gift of God tuch a knowledge as the fcriptures afcribe to
Adam and Solomon: I mean, an Adamic and Solomonic
knowledge, known to no mortal but yourfelf, and inexpli-
cable by any other." Our fanatic took all this for ferious
compliment, not perceiving that he was ridiculed; and
carefully publifhed Kircher's anfwers, ufing capital letters in
thofe paffages where he thought himfelf prai fed The Jefuit,
however, gave him good advice, when Kuhlman confulted
him about writing to the pope : he told him ho\v nicely, and
with what circumfpecfion and caution, things were conducted
at Rome; and affured him, that his great work, which he
propofed to dedicate to the pope, would be applauded and
admired, provided he left nothing in it which might offend
the cenfors of books, and took care not to afcribe to himfelf
an infpired knowledge.

When Kuhlman left Holland does not appear; but it is
related, that he wandered a long time in England, France,
and the Eafl, and at laft was burnt in Mufcovy, Otober ?,
1689, ori account of fome predictions which were acluaily
feditious. This fanatic was not averie from women: he
married more than once, if we may call a marriage, and not
concubinage, that commerce between a man and a woman
which wants the formalities of the civil and canon law. He
was not fo removed from the things of this world but that
he would ufe even arts to get money. He ufrd to write
letters to ueople, in which he denounced terrible judgements.

.'._ JO

]f certain iums were not advanced for the promotion of the
new kingdom of God The celebrated Van Helmont re-
ceived one of thefe letters^ but was not fo iimple as to be
terrified with it, or to pay the leaft regard to it. Another
particular concerning this fanatic is worth obferving; which
is, that, while he was ready to write refpe&fully to the pope,
for the good of chriftianity, he was comforting himfelf with
Drabicius's prophefies relating to the deflrucTion of the pa-
pacy; and, at that very time, wrote to his friends letters full
of hopes that it was then approaching. Moll of thHe
fpiritual madmen have a ftrottg mixture, not only of carnality
and worldly-mindednefs, but alfo of a genuine knavery, in
their comppfi lions.

2 KUH-

1 64 K U S T E R.

KUHNIUS (JOACHIM), a learned German, was born in
1647 at Gripfwalde, a town of Pomerania, where his father
was a merchant. Great care was taken of his education ;
and, after he had finifhed his juvenile tludies in his own
country, he was lent to Stade in Lower Saxony. In 1668,
he went to the univerfity of Jena, where he applied himfeif to
divinity and the belles lettres. Travelling making one part of
the education of a German, he vifited the moil celebrated
towns of Francoma. His high reputation engaged Boccius,
a miniftef of Oetingeri in Swania, to employ him as a pre-
ceptor to his children ; which office he difcharged with fo
much credit, that he was in 1669 made principal of the col-
lege in this town. He held this pod three years, and then
went to Strafburg ; where, in 1676, he was elecled Greek
profeflor in the principal college, T en years he acquitted
himfeif honourably in this profeflbrfhip, and then was made
Greek and Hebrew profeflor in the univerfity of the fame
town. His uncommon ikill in the Greek language drew a
vaft number of fcholars about him, and from places and coun-
tries very diftant. He died Dec, 11, 1697, aged 56.

rle piiblifhed himfeif, i. " Animadveriiones in Pollucem,
1680," lamo. This was a fpccimen of an intended edition
of Pollux's IC Onomaflicon," which he was prevented by
death from executing. His labours, however, were not loft,
but inferred in the folio edition of that author at Amilerdam,
1706. 2. " .^Eliani varise hiftoriae libri xiv. Argent. 1685,"
Svo. His notes on this author are very exacl and learned,
and not only crincal, but explanatory, q. " Diogenes Laer-

*.) O

tins de vitis philofophorum, cxc. Amft. 1692," in 2 vol. 410.'
This is Menage's edition, in which the ihort notes of Kuh-


nins, as well as other learned men, are inserted. Thefe in his
life-time. After his death were publifhed, 4. i - QtiseiViones
philofophicas ex facris Veteris et Novi Teftamenti aliifque
icriptoribus. Argent. i6g3," 4to. 5. " Paufaniae Graecias
defcriplio, &c. Lipfiae, 1-16." folio. Kuhnius took great
pains with this author, whole text was much corrupted ; and
his edition is jufily reckoned a good one.

KUNCKELT (JoHN), author of many chemical difcoveries,
particularly with refpecl to vitrification, was born in the
duchy of Slefwic in 1630. He publifhed at London " Chy-
mical Obfervations," and purfued his chymical experiments,
chiefly with a view to the improvement of the arts. He was
a very moderate writer, but an able and fagacious philofopher.
He died in 1702.

KUSTER (LUDOLF), a learned critic, was born in 1670
at Bloraberg, a little town in Weftphalia, where his father
was a raagiftratc; he learned polite literature under his elder


K U S T E R. 165

brother, who taught it at Berlin. He diftinguifhed himfelf
early in life; and, upon the recommendation of baron Span-
heini, was appointed tutor to the two fons of the count de
Schevverin, prirae-minifter of the king of Pruffia. Ho had
the promife of a profefforihip at Berlin; but, till that fhould
be vacant, Kufler, who was then but about five-and-twenty,
refolvcd to travel if; to Germany, France, England, and Hol~
]and. He went firit to Frankfort upon the Oder, where he
itudied the civil law for fome time; and thence to Antwerp,
Ley-den, and Utrecht, where he (tayed a coniiderabie time,
and wrote feveral works. In 1699, he paflfed over into Eng-
land i and the year following into France, where his chief
employment was to collate Suidas with three manufcripts in
the king's library. About the end of this year he returned to
England, and in four years fin'ifhed his edition of Suidas,
upon which he had much fet his heart. He related himfelf,
that, being one night awaked by thunder and lightning, he
was feized with fo dreadful an apprehennon for this work, that
he rofe immediately, and carried it to bed with him, with all
the affection of a father for an only child. It came out at
Cambridge in 1705 ; and Le Clerc tells us, that it is very
correct and beautiful in all refpecls, and that the univeriity
furnifhed part of the expence of it. He was honoured with,
the degree of doflor by the univeriity of Cambridge, and had
feveral advantageous offers made him to continue there ; but

O 7

\vas obliged to wave them, being recalled to Berlin, to take
poffeflion of the profefforihip, which had been prom ifed him.
He afterwards refigned this place, and went to Amsterdam ;
where, in 1710, he publilhed an edition of *' Ariflophanes,"
which the public had been prepared fome time to expcft by an
account as well as a fpecirrien of that work, given by Le
Clerc in his *' Bibliotheque choifie" for 1708. He gave ail
edition alfo of " Mill's Greek Teftament" the fame year ; in
whic'h he had compared the text with twelve manufcripts,
which Mill never law. Of thefe twelve there were nine
in the king of France's library; but, excepting one,
which has all the books of the New Teftament, the reft con-
tain no more than the four Gofpels. r \ he tenth manufcript
belonged to Carpzovius, a miniiter of Leipiic, and contains
the four Gofpels. The eleventh was brought from Greece by
Seidcl, of Berlin ; but it has not the four ^-olpels. The laft,
which Kufter moft highly valued, was communicated by him
by Bornier, who bought it at the public fale of the library of
Francius, profeffor of rhetoric at Amilerdarn. After KLufter's
preface, follows a letter of Le Clerc concerning Mill's work.
From Amilerdam he removed to Rotterdam, and went fome
time after to Antwerp, to confer with the iefuits about fome
doubts he had in religious matters : where he was brought

M 3 over

166 K U S T E R.

over to the roman catholic religion, and abjured that of the
Proteftants, July 25, 1713, in the church of the Noviciates
belonging to the jefuits. The king of France rewarded him
with a peniion ot scco livrcs ; and, as a mark of diftinftion,
ordered him to be admitted fupernu'merary aifociate of the
Academy of Infcripticns. But he did not enjoy this new
fettlement long ; for he died O dibber 12, 1716, of an ahfcefs
in the pancreas, aged only 46. He published feveral work 1 ? of
a fmalier kind, upon which we have not thought it necefiary
to enlarge ; among the reft, '* Jamblichi de vita Pythagoras
liber, cui accedit Porphyrius de vita Pythagorse," and ibme
pieces, which were inferted in the collection of Greek and
Roman antiquities, publifhed bv Grsevius and Gronovius.
His chief excellence \vas his ikill in the Greek language, to

O C3 '

which he almoft entirely devoted himfelf. He thought the
hiftory and chronology of Greek words the mofl folid enter-
tainment of a man ot letters, on which account he dd'pifed all
other parts of learning ; and, it, is reported of him, that, one
day, taking up Bayfe's " Commentaire Philofophique," in a
bookfeller's (hop, he threw it down, and faid, " This is no-
thing but a book of reafoning : non lie itur ad allra." There
is, in the General Dictionary, under this aruicle, a letter
from Mr. Jofeph Waffe, the learned editor of Saliuft, con-
taining feveral curious particulars relating to this critic ; of
which we will here give an abrVracl:, fmce it is quite to our
purpofe, and cannot fail of entertaining :

4i Dr. Kufter, a tall, thin, pale man, feemingly unable to
hear fatigue, was, nevcrthelefs, indefatigable, and of an un-
common application to letters. He formed himfelf under
Graevius. 1 was acquainted with him from 1700 to 1/14.
Upon my collecting the remains of Anacreon for Mr. Barnes,
about 1702, he introduced me to Dr. Benrley. You muft be
known, fays he, to that gentleman, whom 1 look upon, not
only as the fivil fchohr in Europe, but as the bed of friends.
1 only hinted to him the difficulty I lay under, in relation ro the
officers of the Cjtrftoms ; and. prefently after, he accommodated
that troublefome afniir to my entire fatisfadtion, without fo
much as once letting me know he had any hand in it till near
a year after : ,unJe iaiir compcrtum mihi Bcntleium elle re
ofBciofum non vet bis. IV^any an excellent emendation upon
Suidas have 1 received from him. 1 the rather mention this,
lays Mr. Waffe, bccauic, when that Lexicon was in the prefs,
Kufter with indignation fhewed me an anonymous letter in
Latin, addreiied to him, wherein he was advifed not to treat
the doctor \viih that difUnHon, if he intended his book fliould
make its way in the learned world. But to proceed ; when he
came to wiite upon SuiJas, he found himfelf under a neceflity


K U S T E R. 167

of making indices of all the authors mentioned by the ancients ;
Euftathius particularly, and nineteen volumes of Commen-
taries upon Ariftotle, &c. of the hiftory, geography, and
chronological characters occafionally mentioned. Dr. Bent-

o -* - x

ley prevailed upon me to give him fome afliftance. Thofe
that fell to my lot were chiefly Euftathius on the OdvfTey,
feven or eight Scboliafts, Plutarch, Galen. You may judge
of Kuiler's difpatch and application, when I tell you, I could
by no means keep pace with him, though I began the laft
author Jan. 9, 170^, and finished him March the 8th of the
fame year, and in proportion too the remainder. Though I
corrected all the meets of the firll volume, yet 1 never per-
ceived he had omitted fome lefs material words, nor ever knew
the true reafon. 1 have heard him blamed too for mentioning
the names of one or two perfons, who lent him a few notes :
but this was occafioned, I am confident, by the hurry he was
always in, and the great number of letters, memorandums,
and other papers, he had about him. As I remember, he
tranflated de novo in a manner five or fix fheets a week, and
remarked upon them ; fo that the work was haftily executed,
and would have been infinitely more perfect, had he allowed
himfelf time. Some people thought they affifled him when
they did not. A perfbn of figure took him into his clofet
after dinner, and told him he would communicate fomething
of mighty importance, a K E /unfa.iov, which, in all difficulties, had
been his oracle. In an ill hour I met Kufter tranfported with
delight. We found it was Budaeus's Lexicon, large paper,
with only the names of the authors he quotes written in the
margin, without one fingle remark or addition. Kufter, the
beft-natured man alive, was terribly put to it how to treat one
that meant well ; and continually enquired what fervice it did
him, and triumphed that he was able to contribute fo largely to
the worthy edition of Suidas. Towards theclofe of the work,
Kutter grew very uneafy, emaciated to the laft degree, cold as
a flatue, and juft as much alive as a man three parts dead.
Sure L was to hear, every time I called upon him, ' O utinam
illucefcat ille dies, quo huic open manum ultimam imponam !'
It may now be proper to acquaint you, in what manner this
gentleman ufed to relax, and forget his labouis over a bottle,
for even Scipio and Laeiius were not fuch fools as to be wife
always ; and that was generally in the poetical way, or in
converfations that turned upon antiquities, coins, infcriptions,
and obfcure paffages of the ancients. Sometimes he performed
on the fpinnet at our mufic-club, and was, by the connoifleurs,
accounted a m after. His chief companions were Dr. Sike,
famous in Oriental learning; Davies and Needham ; Mr.
Oiidy, who wrote Greek pretty well, and has left notes upon

M 4 Dio,

i63 K U S T E R.

Dio, and a verflon of Apollonius Rhodius, which are re-
pofited in lord Oxford's library ; he is the perfon, whofe
conjectures upon Avicnus were printed by Dr. Hudfon, at
the end of his Geographers : and Mr. Barnes the Greek pro-
feffor. Upon the publication of his Suidas, Kufter in a little
time grew very fat ; and, returning into Pruflia, found his
patrons retired from court, and his falary precarious. What
is more, his principles, which inclined to what is now called
arianifra, rendered him not very acceptable to fome perfons.
In a little time, meafnres were taken to make him uneaiv ; and
he retired to Amfterdam. Here he reprinted Dr. VI ill's New
Teftament, and published Ariftophanes, and fome additional
remarks upon Suidas under Mr. Le Glare's cover. But, his
banker foiling, he was reduced to extreme poverty ; and, hap-
pening at that very juncture to be invited to Paris by his old
friend 1'abbe Bignon, was unfortunately prevailed upon to
join himfelf to the'GaUician church. He defired me to write
to him, as nfual, but never on the article of religion ; de-
claring, at the fame time, how he had not been obliged to
make a formal recantation, or condemn the reformed by an
.exprefs acl of his, but merely to conform. How far this is
true, I n v not; what is certain is, only- that he was
pro mi fed all the favour and diitini'rion any convert could
expect. He was prefently admitted a member of the
Royal Acad / of Infcriptions ; and in 1714, in return.
for a paper of verfes I fent him, made me a prefent of his
book, De vero ufu verborurn mediorum; ^pV?* ^a/W^.
The laft I had from Kufter contained only queries upon
Hefychius ; on whom, before he left England, he had made
about 5000 emendations. His queries were not over difficult ;
and thence 1 gueffed his health much impaired. And

it oroved ib indeed : for we heard foon after, that he had been


blooded five or fix times for a fever, and that, upon opening
his body, there was found a cake of fand along the lower
region of his belly. This, I take it, was occasioned, by his
fitting in a manner double, and writing on a very low table,
furrounded with three or four circles of books placed on the
ground ; which was the Situation weufually found him in. He
had a clear head, cool, and proper for debate ; he behaved in
a very inofFenfive manner; and, I am perfuaded, the Jaft error
of his life was almoit the only one, and by charitable perfons
will be placed in a good meainre to the account of his deplo-
rable circumftances ; for, if oppreflion, which only affects a
part, will, why ihall not the lofs of all one's fortunes, pur-
chafed with fo much labour, * make a wife man mad ?' Let
jhofe only cenfure him, who, in plentiful circumilances, have
the fpirit tp ferye their country without place or tide.

2 K YD

K Y N A S T O N.

KYD (THOMAS), an eminent F " writer, or
translator, in the time of E 1 :th. H<- \ iec! ^

1^95, called, " Poniney the Great, bis fvr Cor
gedy, effected by bor Father's and Huftan
Death, and Fortune." This was trand .'. om tlv: 1
of Robert Gamier, who, in the time of le iro,;:

France, was efteerned no defpicable poet

KYDER MYNSTER. (RICHARD), w born in Wor-
ceiKTihire, and educated in a convent of Benediftines, ,-.t
Winchcombe in Gloucefterfbire, and afterwards f:n r to Ox-
ford, where be finilbed his {Indies. In 1487, he made

lord abbot of his convent, and afterwards went to Ro;r. ,
where he fpent feveral years. Upon his return to I ,

he wrote the hiftory of his abbey in five books, feme . S.
copirs of which are now in the hands of private families.
He was the author of feveral pamphlets written againft the
reformation, but they are all become exceeding fcarce. He
died at his abbey 1531.

KYNASTON (JOHN), fon of Humphry Kynafton, r-.i-
zen of Chefrsr (clefcended from a younger branch of
nations of Bronguin, in the county of Montgomery )
was born at Chefter, Dec. 5, 1728 ; admitted a commoner .1
Brazen-Nofe College, Oxford, March 20, 1746; elet d
fcholar, on the foundation of Sarah dutchefs dowager of So-
nierfet, in the faid college, Aug. i, of the fame year; took
the degree of B- A. Oct. 16, 1749; was/elefted fellow June
14, 1751; and took the degree of M. A. June 4, 175:. He
obtained no faiali reputation by an Oratiuncula, intituled,
" De fmpietate C. Cornelio Tacito falso objeclata ; Oratio
ex Inftituto Yiri cl. Francifci Bridgman [K], Militis, habita
in Sacello ColleG;ii J&nei Naii Oxon. Feflo Sancli Thorns,

O *

Decembris 21, A. D. 1761, a J. K. A. M. Coll. ejufdem
Socio:" in which he endeavoured to difprove the falfe allesja-

' r o

tions (for fuch he really thought them) of Famianus Strada
(the excellent critic, and mofl elegant writer) againft Tacitus,
on that very hackneyed topic, his DARING impiety and
fovereign contempt of the Supreme, On the appreheniion of
the notorious Mifs Blandy, Mr. Kynafton took an active

[K] " The founder of this oration, liberal fciences, or any other literary

Sir Francis Bridgraan, bequeathed topic, We happily fecurecl the poffeffion.

Twenty pounds a year for ever for of the founder's gratuity ; and the ora-

a Panegyric to be fpoken annually (in tion is fpoken regularly in rotation,

Brazen-Noi'e College, by a Fellow) on upon whatever fuits the turn and tafte

King James the Second!!! By an of the fpeaker. It is a pretty addition

application to the Court of Chancery, to the income of one year's fellowship;

about the year 1711, I think, the to prevent one from fuffering one's

College was (I doubt not) well pleafed Latin to grow rufty."
to have the fubjecl: changed ; and was Mr. Kynallon, MS.

left at liberty to harangue on any of th



K Y R L E.

part, from the time of her conviftion till her body was
fecured from indecent treatment. In this bufinefs he barely-
fleered free from cenfure. His method was, to be with -her
as much as poiTiblc when the Ordinary (the learned, well-
known, but credulous, Mr. Swinton, whom fhe gained to
countenance her hypocrify) was abfent; and was fufpecled to
have given hopes of pardon, in concert with another perfon,
alfo of Brazen-Nofe College, to the morning of her execu-
tion, when fhe appeared in that ftudied genteel drefs and
attitude (he could not poflibly have put on had Ihe been
watchfully attended by a firmer-minded inftru&or. In 1764,
lie publifhed " A Collection of Papers relative to the Pro-
fecution, now carrying on in the Chancellor's Court in Ox-
ford, againft Mr. Kynafton, by Matthew Maddock, Clerk,
Rector of Cotworth and Holywell, in die county of Hun-
tingdon, and chaplain to his grace of iVlanchefter, for the
Charge of Adultery alleged againft the faid Matthew Mad-
dock." Svo. From the date of this publication (the caufe of
which operated too feverely on his high ienfe of honour and

Online LibraryWilliam TookeA new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) → online text (page 19 of 48)