William Tooke.

A new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) online

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Online LibraryWilliam TookeA new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) → online text (page 3 of 48)
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high an idea of him a* the above eloge : among which are,

'* L'Hiftoire d'un voyage literaire," in France, England,

and Holland ; " Un Recueil de Literature, de Philofophie,

& d'Hiftoire ;" " A Life of M. de la Croze, in French,

TOR.DAN (THOMAS), a dramatic author' in the time of
Charles the Firft, He wrote two comedies and a mafque, and
is mentioned by Langbaine in terms of fufficient refpeft to
entitle him to a place here.

JORDAN (JoHN CHRISTOPHER), privy counfellor to
the king of Bohemia, wrote many learned and elaborate
works, and well illuftrated the chronology of Polybitis, Diony-
lius HalicarnafTbnfis, Diodorus Siculus, and Livy. He was
.alfo an excellent antiquarian, and -died about the year 1740.

JORDANO (LucA), an eminent italian painter, was
born, in 1632, at Naples, in the neighbourhood of Jofeph
Ribera, whole works attracted him fo powerfully, that he
left his childifh amufements for the pleafure he found in look-
ing on them. So manifeft an inclination for painting deter-
mined his father, a middling painter, to place him under the
directions of that rnafier ; with whom he made fo great ad-
vances, that, at feven years old, his productions were fur-
prizing. But hearing of thofe excellent models for painting,
that are at Venice and Rome, 'he quitted Naples privately, to
go to Rome. He attached himfelf to the manner of Pietro da
Cortona, whom he afiifted in his great works. His father,
who had been looking for him, at laft found him a: work in
St. Peter's church. From Rome, they fet out together to
Bol< gna, Parma, and laftly to Venice-: at every place Luca
made Iketches and ftudies from the works of all the great



rs, but efpecially Paul Veronefe, whom he always pro-
pofed for his model. Tt is faicl, that Jordano had been fo
great a copier, that he had dcfigned the rooms and apartments
of the Vatican a dozen, and the battle of Conilancine twenty,
times. He afterwards went to Florence, wiiere he began
afrefh to ftudy, copying the works of Leonardo da Vinci,
Michael Angelo, and Andrea del Sarto. He went back to
Rome, whence, after a very fhort flay, he returned to Naples ;
and there married againft his father's inclinations, who appre-
hended fuch an engagement mieht k fieri his attention to his
profeilion. After feeing the paintings at Rome and Venice,
Luca quitted his mailer's manner, and formed to himfelf a
tafle and manner which partook fomewhat of all the other
excellent mailer? ; whence Bellori oils him the ingenious

+ O

bee, who extracted his honey from the flowers of the beil


artiils. His reputation was loon fo well eflablifheJ, that all
public works were truiled with him, and he executed ihern
with the greateil facility and knowledge.

Some of his pictures, being carried into Spain, fo much
pleafed Charles II. that he engaged him to his court in 1692,
to paint the Efcurial, in which he acquitted himfelf as a
great painter. The king and queen often went to fee him
work, and commanded him to be covered in their prefence.
In the fpace of two years, he finifhecl the ten arched roofs
and the flair-cafe of the Efcurial. He afterwards punted
the grand faloon of Buen Retiro; the facriily of the great
church at Toledo ; the chapel cf the lady Atocha ; the
roof of the royal chapel at Madrid ; and federal other works.
He was fo engaged to his buiinefs, that he did not even reil

O O '

from it on holidays, for which being reproached by a painter
of his acquaintance, he anfwered,. " If I was to let my pencils
reil, they would grow rebellious, and 1 ftiould not be able to
bring them to order without trampling on them." His lively-
humour and faiart repartees amu'ed the whole court. The
queen of Spain, one day enquiring after his family, wanted to
know what fort of a woman his wife was. Jordano painted
her on the fpot in a picture he was at work upon, and fhewed
her to the queen ; who was the more furprized, as me had
not perceived what he was about, and was fo pleafed, that fhe
took off her pearl necklace, and deiired him to prefent his wife
with it in her name. He had fo happy a memory, that lie
recollected the manners of all the great mailer* ; and had the
art of imitating them fo well, as to occaiion frequent miOakes,
The king fliewed him a picture of BaiLmi, expreffing his
concern that he had not one companion : Jordano painted one
for him fo exactly in BaiTani's manner, that it was taken for a
pi&ure of that mafter.

C ^ The


The great woiks fordano had executed in Spain gave him
{till greater reputation when he returned to Naples ; fo that he
could not fupply the eagernets of the citizens, though he
worked To quick. The Jefuits, who had hefpoke a picture of
St. Francis Xavier, complaining to the viceroy that he would
not finifh it, and that it ought to be placed on the altar of that
faint on his/eftival, which was juft at hand; finding himlelf
preffed on all hands, he painted this piece in a day and a half.
Oftentimes he painted a Virgin holding a Jefus, and, without
any reft, in an hour's time would finim a half-length j and,
for difpatch, not waiting the cleaning of his pencils, would
lay on the colours with his finger. His manner had great
lightnefs and harmony : he underftood fore-fhortening-, but, as
he trufted to the great practice of his hand, he often expoted,
to the public, pictures that were very indifferent, and very little
ftudied, in which he appears alfo to have been incorrect, and
little acquainted with anatomy. Nobody ever painted fa much
as Jordano, not even Tintoret; his fckool grew into fuch
repute, that there was a great refort to it from Rome and all
quarters : he loved his difciples, whofe works he touched with
great readinefs, and affiited them with his derigns, which he
gave them with pleafure. His generofity carried him to make
p efents of altar-pieces to churches that were not able to
purchafe them. He painted, gratis, the cupola of St. Bridget
for his reputation, and touched it over a fecond time. By a
particular dexterity, that roof, which is rather flat, fee ms very
much elevated by the lightnefs of the clouds which termi*
nate the perfpedtive.

Two Neapolitans, having fat for their pictures/ neglected
to fend for them when they were fmifhed. Jordano, having
waited a great while without hearing from them, painted an
ox's head on one, and a Jew's cap on the other, and expo fed
them to view in that manner: on the news whereof they
brought him money, begging him to efface the ridiculous
additions. Though his humour was gay ? he always fpoke
well of his brother-painters, and received any hints that were
given him with gre;t candour and docility. The commerce
he had with feveral men of learning was of great ufe to him :
they furnifhed him with elevated thoughts, reformed his own,
and inflructed him in hiftory and fable, which he had never
read. His labours were rewarded with great riches, which he
left his family, who loft him at Naples in 1705, when he was
73. His monument is in the church of St. Bridget, be-
fore the chapel of St. Nicolas ^ de Ban, which js all of his

He engraved three plates in aquafortis -one, of the wo-
man taken in adultery another, of the prdphet Elias order-

J O Pv D A N S. 21

kig the priefts of Baal to be killed, in prefence of king Ahab
and St. Anne.

JORDAN S (JAMES), an eminent painter of the flemifh
fchool, was born at Antwerp in 1593. He 1 a-ned the prin-
ciples of his art, in that city, from Adam Van Ort, to
whofe inftrucYions, however, he did not fo confine himfelf
as not to apply to other matters there, whofe works he ex-
amined very carefully. He added to this the ftudy of nature
from the originals, {truck out a manner entirely his own,
and by that n eans became one of the mofl able painters in the
Netherlands. He wanted nothing but the advantage of feeing
Italy; as he himfelf teflified, by the efteem he had for the
italian matters, and by the avidity with which he copied the
works of, Titian, Paul Veronefe, the BafTani's, and the
Caravagioes, whenever he met with any of them. What
hindered him from making the tour of Italy, was his marriage,
when very young, with the daughter of Van Ort, his.mafter.
Jordan's genius lay to the grand gout in large pieces, and his
manner was ftrong, true, and fweet. He improved moil
under Rubens, for whom he worked, and from whom he
drew his befl principles : infomuch that, it is faid, this great
IT. after, being appiehenfive, left Jordans would eclipfe him
by a fuperior knowledge in colouring, employed him a long
time to draw, in ciiftemper of water-colours, thofe grand de-
igns in a fuit of hangings for th'e king of Spain, after the
fetches which Rubens had done in proper colours ; and, by
thi* long reftraint, he enfeebled that ftrength and force, in
which Jordans repreiented truth and nature fo ftrikingly.
Our excellent artift finished feveral pieces for the city of
Antwerp, and for various places in Flanders. He worked alfo
for their majefties of Sweden and Denmark. In a word, he
was indefatigable: and, after he had worked without inter-
miffion all day, ufed to recruit his fpirits among his friends
in the evening. He was an excellent companion, being of a
chearful and leafant humour. He lived to about 84, and
died at Antwerp in 1678,

JORDEN (EDWARD), an Englifh phyfician, and con-
fiderable writer on chemiftry and mineralogy; the following
memoirs of whom are collected from Dr. Guiciot. He was
born, in 1569, at High Halden in Kent, and probably educated
at Hart-hall, Oxford. He vifited foreign univerfitits, and
took his decree of doctor in that of Padua. After his return,
he pracYifed his profeffion in London, where he became a
member of the college of phyiicians, and was in high reputation
for learning and abilities. He injured his fortune by engaging
in a project to manufacture allum. We are ignorant where
his works were fituated; but it is certain, he obtained a grant

C 3 from

&a J O R T I N.

from James I, of the profits of them, which was revoked at
the importunity of a courtier; and, though he made applica-
tion for redrefs, he never obtained it, notwithstanding the king
appeared particularly fenfible of the hardfhip of his cafe. He
fpent the latter part of his life at Bath, and died there, of the
gout and Hone, Jan. 1632. Vid. an account of his works in
Aiikin's Biog. Mem. of Mt-dicine.

JORNANDE^, by Imh a Goth, and fecretary to the
prince of the Goths, in the reign of Juibnian. His work
*' de Rebus Gothicis" has been tranflated by Maupinuis,
andfo much refembles the hiftory of the Goths by Cafiiodorus,
that it has by fome been thought an abridgement of it. He
wrote alfo a volume " de Origine Mundi et de Rerum et
Temporum Succeffione," in which he has borrowed largely
from Florus without acknowledgement.

JORT1N (Dr. JOHN), a learned EngJifli divine, was
bora in London, Oct. 23, 1698. His father Renatus was
of Bretagne in France; came over to England about 1637,
when proteilantifm was no longer tolerated in that country;
was made a gentleman of the privy-chamber in 1691 ; be-*
came afterwards fecretary to lord Orford, Sir George Rooke,
and Sir Cloudefly Shovel, and was- cad away with the lafl,
Oft. 22, 1707. His mother was Martha Rogers, of an
ancient and refpeftable family in Bucks, which had prov
duced fome clergymen, diftinguifhed by their abilities and
learning. He was educated at the Charter-houfe, where he
made a good proficiency in greek and latin : french he
learned at home, and he underflood and fpcke that language

May 1715, he was admitted of jefus-college, Cambridge;
and, about two years after, recommended by his tutor Dr.
Styan Thirlby, 'who was very fond of him, and always re-
tained a friendfhip for him, to make extrals from Eufta-
thius, for the ufe of Pope's 41 Homer." He was not em^
ployed diredlly by Pope, nor did it ever happen to him to
fee the face of that poet: for, being of a fliy moddl nature,
he felt no impulfe to force his way to him; nor did the other
make enquiry about him, though perfectly fatisfied with
what he had done for him. He took the degree of B. A,
in 1718-19, and M. A. in 1722 : he had been chofen fellow
of his college foon after the taking of his fiift degree. This
year 'he diitinguifhed himfelf by the publication of a few
latin poems, intituled, " Lufus Poetici j" which were well
received. Sept. 1723, he entered into deacon's orders, and
into prieft's the June following. Jan. 1726-7, he was pre-
(snted by his college to Swavefey, near Cambridge ; but,


J O R T I N.

marrying in 1728, he refigned that living, and foon after
fettled himfelfin London.

In this town he fpent the next 25 years of his life : for
though, in 1737, the earl of Winchilfea gave him the living
of Eaftwell in Kent, where he reiided a little time, yet he
very foon quitted it, and returned to London. Here for
many years he had employment as a preacher in feveral
chapels; with the emoluments of which, and a competency of
his own, he fupported himfelf and family in a decent though
private manner, dividing his leilure-hours between his
books and his friends, especially thole of the literati, with
whom he always kept up a clofe and intimate connection.
In 1730, he publimed " Four Sermons upon the Truth of
the Chriftian Religion:" the fubftance of which was after-
wards incorporated in a work, intituled, " Difcourfes con-
cerning the Truth of the Chriftian Religion, 1746," 8vo.

In 1731, he publimed " Miscellaneous Obfervations upon
Authors, ancient and modern," in 2 vols. 8vo. This is a
collection of critical remarks,' of which however he was not
the fole, though the principal, author: Pearce, MaiTon, and
others, were contributors to it. In 1751, Abp. Herring,
unfolicited, gave him the living of St. Dunftan in the eaft,
London. This prelate had long entertained an high and
affectionate regard for him ; had endeavoured aforetime to
ferve him in many inftances with others ; and afterwards, in
1755, conferred upon him the degree of D. D* This fame
year, 1751, cams out his firft volume of " Remarks upon
Eccleliafti-cal Hiftory," 8vo. This work was infctibed to
the earl of Burlington ; by whom, as truftee for the Boylean
Lecture, he had, through the application of Bp. Herring
and Bp. Sherlock, been appointed, in 1749, to preach that
lecture. There is a preface to this volume of more than 40
pages, a very pleating one ; for, befides much learning and
ingenuity difplayed throughout, it is full of thefpirit of liberty
and candour. Thefe " Remarks upon Ecclefiaftical Hiftory"
were continued, in four fuccecding volumes, down to the
year 1517, when Luther began the work of reformation:
two, publimed by himfelf, in. 1752, and I754i and two,
after his death, in 1773.

In 1755, he publiihed " Six Diflenations upon different
Subjects," 8vo. The fixth Differtation is, " On the ftate of
the dead, as defcribed by Homer and Virgii ;" and the re-
marks in this, tending to eftar>lifh the great antiquity of the
doctrine of a future ftate, interfered with Warburton in his
" Divine Legation of Moles," and drew upon him from that
quarter a very fevere attack. He made no reply, but in his
*' Adverfaria" was the following memorandum, which iliews,

C 4 that

J O R T I N.

that be did not oppofe the notions of other men, from any
fpintof envy or contradiction, bat from a full perfuafion that
t' e real matter of fact was as he had repreiented it " I have
examined," fays he, "the {late of *che dead, as defcribed by
Homer and Virgil ; and upon that diffcrtation I am willing
to il-ikc all the little credit that I have as a critic and philo-
fopher. I have there obi-rved, that Homer was not the in-
ventor of the fabulous hiilory of the gods : he had thof {lories,
and alfo the doctrine of a future {late, from old traditions.
Many notions of the Pagans, which came from tradition, are
confidered by Barrow, Seim. viii. Vol. II. in which Sermon
the e.xiftence of God is proved from univerfal content." See
alfo Bibl. Choif. I. 356. and B:bl. Univ. IV, 433,

In 1758, appeared nis tk Life of Erafmus,*' in one vol. 4-to;
and, in r/oo, another vol. 410. containing-** Remarks upon
the Works of Erasmus," and an" Appendix- of Ex ; racts from
Eraimus and other Writers." In the, preface to the former
volume, he fays, that " Le Clerc, vvh le publifhing the works
of Erafmus at Leyden, drew up his Life in french, collected
principally from his Letters, and i alerted it in the ' Biblio-
theque Choifie;' that, as this Life was favourably received
by the public, he had taken it as a groundwork to build "upon,
and had n-anilated it, not luperftitioufly and clofely, but with
much freedom, and with more attention to things than to
words; but that he had made continual additions not oniy
with relation to tae hiftory of thofe days, but to the life of
Erafmus, eipecially where Le Clerc grew more -rcmifs, either
wearied with the tafk, or called off from rhefe to other
labours." After mentioning a lew other m< uers to his
readers, he turns his difcourfe to his/r/V/z/,j; ''recommending
himielf to their favour, whilfi he is with them, and his name,
when he is gone he nee; and intreating them to join with him.
in a wiib, that he may pafs the evening of a ftuoious and
unambitious life in an humble but not a llothful obicurity,
and never forfeit the kind continuance of their acvuilome4

But, whatever he or his friends might wifli, he was to
live hereafter neither io iiudiouily nor fo obfcurely as his
imagination had figured out to him: more public fccnes
than any he had yet been engaged in ftill awaited him.
For, Hayter, Bp. of London, with whom he had been upon
intimate terms, dying in. 1 7^2, and Ofbaldifton, who was
alio his friend, fucceeding to that fee, he wa.^ made domellic
chaplain to this bilhop in March, admitted into a prebend of
St. Paul's the fame month, and in October prefcnted to the
living of Keniingtcn, whither he went to refide foon after,
and there performed the office of a good pariih-prieft a?> long as


J O R T I N. 25


he lived. Tn 1764, he was appointed archdeacon of Lo'v'on,
and (" on after tud the offer of the re.-torv of St. James,
Weflmintfer; which, however, he refufcd, from thinking
his fituati<-n at Kenfm ton more to his honour, as well as
better adapted to his now advanced :^e. He e he lived, oc-
cupied (when his clerical functions pernrtted) amongft his
books, and enjoying himfelf with hi, uiual ferenity, till
A us;. 27, 1770: when, being feized with a diforder in the
bread and lungs, he grew continually worfe, in fpite of all
afnibnje; and, without undergoing rn'.'ch pain in the couric
of his illnefs, died S-:pt. 5, in his 72d year. He preferved
h s oitderftanding to the laft ; ami, in anfwer to a female
attendant who offered him fumethinj, " No," fcid he, with
much compofure, " I have had enough of every thing." He
was buried in. the new church-yard at ECenfington, as he had
<lire&edj and had a flat (tone laid over nim, with this in -
icription dictated by

Joannes Tortin

Movtalis eile deiiit,

Anno Saiutis 1770,

JEtatis 72.

He left a wic/ow, and two children; Rogers Jortin, of Lin-
coln's inn, in the proff-ffion of the law; and Martha, married
to the Rev. Samuel Darby, late fellow of Jefus-college in,
Cambridge, and now re&or of Whatfield in Suffolk.

Bdides his principal works, which have already been men-
tioned, there are fome other things of a Tmaller nature : as,
" Remaiks upon Sp liar's P.oeivs, 1734," 8vo, at the end
of which are fom *' Remarks upon Milton;" "Remarks
on S~n<ca," printed in the " Preient State of the Republic
of Letters, 1 * for Aug. 1734; "A Sermon, preached at the
Conf.cration of Pearce, thfhop of Banker, 1747;" a few
** Remarks on Tillotfon's Sermons, 9 " given to his friend Dr.
Birch, and printed in the appendix to Birch's Life of that
prelare, 1752; "Letter to Mr. Aviibn, concerning the
Mafic of the Ancients," fubjoined to a fecond edition of
A^ifon's 4t EiTay on Mufical Expreflicn, 1753;" and a fevir
*' Remarks on phillips^s Li'e of Cardinal Pole," printed in an
Appendix to " Neve's Animadverfions" upon that Hiftory,
176^. In 1771, the year after his death, four volumes of his
'* Sermons," in 8vo, were mfcribed by his fon Rogers Jortin
to his panihioners of St. Dunftan's, at who'fe requeft they
were publimed; and thefe, being well received by the public,
reprinted in 1772, with the addition of three volumes


26 J O R T I N.


more. At the end of the feventh volume, are " Four Charges,
delivered to the Clergy of the Archdeaconry of London."

Befides great integrity, great humanity, and other quali-
ties, which m?ke men amiable as well as ufeful, this learned
perfon was of a very pleafant and facetious turn; as his
writings abundantly Ihew. He had, neverthelefs, great fen-
libility, and could exprefs himfelf with warmth, and even
with fome degree of indignation, when he thought the occa-
lion warranted him to do fo. For inftance, he had a great
refpec\ and fondnefs for critical learning, which he fo much
cultivated; and, though he knew and allowed it to have
been difgraced by the manners of certain proud, faftidious,
and infolent, critics, fuch as Salmafius, Scaliger, Scioppius,
&c. yet he thought the reftoration of letters, and the
civilization of Europe, fo much indebted to it, that he could
ill bear to fee it contemptuously treated. Hence a little tart-
nefs fometimes in his writings, when this topic falls in his

For the motto of his " Life of Erafmus" he chofe the
following words of Erafmus himfelf; " illud certe praefagio,
de meis lucubrationibus, qualefcunque iunt, candidius ju-
dicaturam Pofteritatem : tametfi nee de meo f-culo queri
pofTum." Yet it is certain, that he had very flight notions
of pofthumous fame o.r glory, and of any real good which
could arife from it ; as appears from what he hath collected
and written about it, in a note upon Milton, at the end of
his " Remarks upon Spenfer." He would fometimes com-
plain, and doubtlds with good reafon, of the low e-ftimation
into which learning was fallen; and thought it difcoun-
tenanced and difcoui aged, indirectly at kail, when ignorant
and wonhlefs peifons were advanced to high ftadons and
great preferments, while men of merit and abilities were
overlooked and neglected. Yet, he laid no undue flrefs
upon fuch ftations and preferments, but entertained juil- no-
tions concerning what muft ever conftitute the chief good and
happinefs of man, and is himfelf believed to have made the
moft of them.

" Where, 3 ' fays he, (the following is tranfcribed from his
" Adverfaria") " where is happinefs to be found? where is
her dwelling-place? Not, where we feek her, and where
we expedt to find her. Happinefs is a modefl reclufe, who
feldom fhews her lovely face in the polite or in the bufy
world. She is the fifter and the companion of religious
wifdom. Among the' vanities and the evils, which Solomon
beheld under the fun, one is, an accefs of temporal fortunes to
the detriment of the poiTeilbr: whence it appears, that
profperity is a dangerous thing, and that few perfons have a



bead jftrong enough, or a heart good enough, to bear it.
A fudden rif- from a low fhuion, as it fometirnes (hews to
advantage the virtuous and amiab'e qualities, which could not
exert themfelves before; fo it more frequently calls forth and
expoles to view thofe (pots of the foul, which lay lurking
in fecret, cramped by penury, and veiled with diflimulaiion.

**An honeft and fenfible man is placed in a middle ftation,
in circumft <nces rather (canty than abounding. He hath all
the necefDnei-, but none of the fuperrluities, of life; and
thefe neceflaries he acquires by his prudence, his ftuchrs, and
his induflry. If he feeks to better his income, it is by fuch
methods as hurt neither his conscience nor his conftitution.
He hath friends and acquaintances of his own rank; he
receives good offices from them, and he returns the lame As
he hath his occupations, he hath his diverfiocs alfo; and
partakes of the fimple, frugal, obvious, innocent, and chearful,
amufements of life. By a 'udden turn ef things, he grows
great; in the church or in the ftate. Now his fortune is made ;
and he fays to himfelf, * The days of fcarcity are pad, the
days of plenty are come, and happinefs is come along with
them.' Miftaken man ! it is no fuch thing. He never more
enjoys one happy day, compaied with thofe which once
fhone upon him. He difcards his old companions, or treats

Online LibraryWilliam TookeA new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) → online text (page 3 of 48)