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William Tooke.

A new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) online

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Online LibraryWilliam TookeA new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) → online text (page 34 of 48)
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Aberdeen and Murray. After this, he travelled into France;
and purfued his ftudies in the univerfities of Thouloufe,
Poictiers, and Paris, at which place he took the d.gree of
doctor of laws. He continued abroad till 1554, when he
was commanded home by the queen-regent, and made official
and vicar-general of the diocefe of Aberdeen; and, entering
into the priefthood, he became parfon of LJne. About this
time the Reformed doctrine, beginning to fpread in Scotland,
was zealoufly oppofed by our author; and, a iolemn difpute
being held between the Proteftants and Papifts in 1560, at
Edinburgh, Lefley was a principal champion on the fide of
the latter. However, this was ib far from putting an end to
the divisions, that they daily increafed; which occ aliening
many diilurbances and commotions, both parties agreed to
invite home the queen, who was then abfent in France. On
this errand Leiley was employed by the Roman Catholics,
and made fuch di (patch, that he came feveral days before lord
James Stuart, fent by the Protefbrns, to Vitri, where queen
Mary w*s then lamenting the death of her hufband, the king
of France. Having delivered to her his credentials, he told
her majefty of lo;d James Stuart's (who was her natural
brother) coming from the Covenanters, and of his defigns
againft the Roman Catholic religion ; and advifed her to
detain him in France by fome honourable employment till
(he could fettle her affairs at home ; but the queen, not at all
diftrufting the nobility, who had fent lord James, defired
Lefley to wait, til! Hie could coniult with her friends upon
the methods molt proper for her to take. At firfr, the court
of France oppofed her return homej but, finding her much
inclined to it, they ordered a fleet to attend her; and Leiley
embarked with her at Calais for Scotland, Aug. 1561.

Prefently after his arrival, he was appointed one of the
fenators of the college of juftice, and fworn into the privv-
council. The abbey of Luridores was conferred upon him
afterwards; and, upon the death of Sinclair bifhop of Rofs,
he was promoted to that lee. This advancement was no more
than he merited from the head of the Roman church in Scot-
land, in whofe defence he was always at hand, an able dif-
putant with the new Separatists. His learning was not in-
ferior to his other attainments; nor was his attention fo en-
tirely abforbed in ecclefiaftical matters, but that he found time
to confider and improve the civil ftate of the kingdom. To
this end, having obferved th.t ail the ancient laws were
growing obfolete, for wuiit of being collected into a body,
he reprefented the thing co the queen, and prevailed with her
majefty to appoint proper perfons for the work. Accordingly,

U 4 a com-



2 9 o LESLEY,

/

a commiffion was made out, empowering our bifhop, with.
fifteen others, privy-counfellors and advocates in the law,
with authority to print the fame. Thus it is to the care
principally of the bifhop of Rofs, that the Scots owe the fir it
impreflion of their laws at Edinburgh, in 1566, commonly
called the black a&s of parliament, from their being printed
in the black baxon character. Upon the queen's flying into
England from the Covenanters, queen Elizabeth appointed
com mi (Boners at York to examine the cafe between her and
her fubje&s- and our bifhop was one of thofe chofen by his
queen s in 1568, to defend her caufe. He did fo with great
vigour and itren^th of reafoninc;: and, when this method

O C? ' '

proved ineffectual, appeared afterwards in the character of
ambaffador at the Englifh court. He was fent to complain
cf the injuftice done to his queen; but, finding no notice
taken of his public felicitations, formed feveral fchemes to
procure her efcape privately. With that view, among other
projects, he negociaced a fcheme for her marriage with the
duke of Norfolk; which being difcovered, the duke was
convicted of treaibn, and executed. Lefley, however, being
examined upon it, pleaded the privileges of an ambaffador;
alleging, that he had done nothing but what his place and
duty demanded for procuring the liberty of his princeis, &c
but, his pleas not availing, he was lent prifoner to the ifle of
Ely, and thence to the tower of London.

In J,'73 he was fet at liberty; but, being baniihed Eng-
land, he retired to the Netherlands. The two following
years he employed in foliciting the kings of France and Spain,
and all the German princes, to intereft themfelves in the
deliverance of his miftrefsj but, finding them flow in the
affair, li - went to Rome, to fee what influence the pope might
have over them, la the end, perceiving all his efforts fruit-
lefs, he had recourle to his pen, and publifhed feveral pieces
to promote the fame deiign [o]o in 1579, he was made

fuffragan

[o~J Kis writings are ? i. ^ Affli&i noble apology which he make?, in the

Anirm Confolationes, & tranquill'i Ani- breaking off, at the beginning of his

jni Confervatio. Paris, i574>" 8vo. admired fovereign's troubles; for, be-

2. '? De Origine, Moribus, & Rebus fides the prejudices which the world

geftis Scptorum. Roma:, 1578." 410. might think him under, hi his refpecls

It qonfifts of ten books, whereof the to fo kind a miftrefs, he makes this

three laft, making half the volume, are farther reflection upon the undertaking :

dirtin&ly dedipaied to queen Mary; to "Some things," fays he, "favoured fo

whom they had been prefentecl in much of ingratitude and perfidy, that,

Englifh, feyen years before the nrit although it were very proper they IhouUi

publication in Latin. There are fepa r be known, yet it were improper for me

rate copies of them in feveral libraries, to record them, becaufe often, with

gpe Catalog. MSS- Oxon. Thishiftory the danger of my life, I endeavoured

js carried down to the queen's return to put a Hop to them ; and I ought to

jffcrn France in 1561. It is a molt do all that isinme^ not tolettliembe



LESLIE. 297

fnfFragan and vicar- general of the archbifhopric of Rouen in
Normandy, and, in his vifitation of that diocefe, was appre-
hended and thrown into prifon, and obliged to pay three
thoufand piftolcs for his ran Com, or elfe to be given up to
queen Elizabeth. He remained unmolefted under the pro-
tection of Henry III. of France; but, upon the acceflion of
Henry IV. a Proteftant, who was fupported in his claim to
that crown by queen Elizabeth, he was again apprehended,
in his vifitation through his diocefe, in 1590; and, being
thrown in:o prifon, was obliged to pay three thoufand piftoles
for his ranforn, to fave himfelf from being given up to Eliza-
beth. In 1593, ^ e was Declared bifhop of Conflance, with
licence to hold the bifhopric of Rofs, till he ftiould obtain
peaceable pofieffion of the church of Ccnftance and its re-
venues. Some time after this, he went and refided at BrufTels ;
and, at laft, feeing all hopes cut off of his returning to his
bifhopric of Rofs, by the eftablifhment of the Reformation
under king James, he retired into a monaftery at Guirtenburg,
about two miles from BruOels, where he pafied the remainder
of his days, and died in 1596.

His character is repreier.ted much to his advantage, by
feverai writers, both at home and abroad ; "and, indeed, all
parties agree in fpeaking of him as a man of incomparable
learning, an able ftatefman, a zealous churchman, and his
fidelity to his queen was admirable and exemplary.

LESLIE (Dr. JOHN), bifhop of Clogher in Ireland, was
defcended from an ancient family, and bom in the North of
Scotland. The firfi: part of his education was at Aberdeen,
whence he removed to Oxford. Afterwards he travelled into
Spain, Italy, Germany, and France: he fpoke French, Spanifh,
and Italian, with the fame propriety and fluency as the
natives ; and was fo great a matter of the Latin, that it was
laid of him, when in Spain, Solus Lefleius Latins loquitur. He

known unto ftrangers." With this & Jure Marias Scotornm Reginse, quo

work are publifhed, 3. (l Parenaefis ad Angliae Succeflionem Jure fihi vindicat.

Nobilitaiem Populumqus Scotorum :" Rheims, 1580," 4:0. 8. There is a

atui, 4. " Regimium & Infularum MS. upon the fame fubjecl: in French,

Scotiae Defcriptio." 5. <; Defence of intituled, " Remonftrance au Pape,

the Honour of Mary Queen" of Scotland.; &c." Cotton library, Titus, cxii, i.

with a Declaration of her Right, Title, and F. 3. 14. 9. lt An Account of his

and Intei eft, to the Crown of England. EmbaiTage in England, from 1568 to

Liege, 1571," 8vo. 6. "A. Treatife 1572-" MS. in the advocate's library

fliewii g, that the Regimen of Women in Scotland. Cat?.l. of Oxford MSS.

is conformable to the Law of God and 10. " An Apology for the Bi,"hop of

Nature." Thefe two laft are afcribed, Rofs, as to what is laid to his Charge

by Parfons the- Jefuit, to Morgan Phi- concerning the Duke of Norfolk." MS

lips. Conference about the next Sue- in the library of the lord Longueville.

ceffion, Part 2, c. r. But Camclen n. " Several Letters in the Hands of

alTerts them to be our author's, Annal. Dr. George Mackenzie.''
Ejiz, fub. Ann. $569, 7, " DC Titulo

continued



298 LESLIE.

continued twenty-two years abroad; and, during that time,
was at the fiege of Rochelle, and the expedition ro the ifle of
!Rhee, with the duke of Buckingham. He way all along
converfant in courts, and at home was happy in that of
Charles I, who admitted him into h'.s privy-council both in
Scotland and Ireland ; in which Nations he was continued
by Charles II. after the Reftoration. His chief preferment
in the church of Scotland was the bifhopric of the Orkneys,
whence he was tranilated to Raphoe in Ireland, in 1633; 2nd,
the fame year, fworn a privy-counfello* in that kingdom. He
built a {lately palace in his diocefe: it vvas built in the form
and ftrength of a caftle, one of the fintft epifcopal palaces in
Ireland, and proved to be ufeful afterwards in the rebellion
of 1641, by preferving a good part of that country. The
good biihop exerted himfelf, as much as he could, in defence
of the royal caufe, and endured a fiege in his caftle of Raphoe,
before he would furrender it to Oiiver Cromwell, being the
laft which held out in that country. He then retired to
Dublin, where he always ufed the liturgy of the church of
Ireland in his family, and even had frequent confirmations
and ordinations. After the Refaration, he came over .to
England; and, in 1661, was tranflated to the fee or Clogher.
He died in 1671, aged above 100 years, ha*- ing been above
50 years a bifhop ; and was then reckoned the ancienteil
biihop in the world.

LESLIE (CHARLES), the fecond fon of the preceding, and
a very diftinguifhed perfonage, was born in Ireland, we know
not in what year; and admitted a fellow-commoner in Dub-
lin-college, where he continued till he commenced mafter of
arts. Then he came to England, and entered himfelf in the
Temple, at London, where he ftudied the law for fome years;
but, at length, growing weary of it, relinquifhed it, and
applied himfelf to divinity. In 1680, he entered himfelf into
holy orders; and, in 1687, became chancellor of the ca-
thedral-church, or diocefe, of Connor. About this time he
rendered himfelf particularly obnoxious to the Popifh party
in Ireland, by his zealous oppofition to them, which was thus
called forth. Roger Boyle, biihop of Ck'grur, dying in 1687,
Patrick Tyrrel was made titular Popifh bifhop, and had the
revenues of the lee aligned him by king James. He fet up
a convent of friars in Monaohan: and, fixing; his habitation
there, held a public vilitation of his clergy with great fo-
lernnity; when, fome fubtle logicians attending him, he was
fo infolent as to challenge the Proteftant clergy to a public
difputation. Lefiie undertook the tafk, and performed it to
the fatisfaclion of the Proteltants; though it happened, as it
generally does at fuch contelb, that both ijdes claimed the

6 vi^ory.



LESLIE. 299

vV&ory. He afterwards held another public difputation with
two celebrated Popiih divines, in the church of Tynan, in the
diocele of Armagh, before a very numerous affembly of per-
fons of botli religions; the iffue of which was, that Mr. John
Stewart, a PopiLh gentleman, folemnly renounced the errors
of the church of R.;me.

As the P^pifts had got pofieffion of an epifcopal fee. they
engrclTea other offices too; and a Popim high-fherifF was
appointed for the county of Monaghan. This proceeding
alan-vi! the gentlemen in that country ; who, depending much
en L:.ilie'i knowledge as a juftice of peace, repaired to him,
then confined, by the gout, to his houfe. He told then), that
it would he as illegal in them to permit the fheriff to a& as
it wot. hi be in r-itti ro attempt it. But they infilled that him-
felf fhoiiid Hpn' nr IP. perlox. on the bench, at the approaching
quaner-feffions, and all promiled to act as he did; fo he was
carried r ' ere with much difficulty, and in great pain. Upon
the quefiicn, whether the (he-. iff was legally qualified., he
ar.iw-ud ..pertly, ''That he was of the king's own religion,
and it was his majefty'swill that he fhould be fheriff." Ltilie
replied, "That they were ' not inquiring into his majeiry's
religion, but whether he (the pretended fheriff) had qualified
himfelf according to law, for acting as a proper officer; that
the law was the king's will, and nothing elfe to be deemed
fuch; chat his fubjects had no other way of knowing his will,
but as it is revealed to them in his laws: and it muft always
be thought to continue la, till the contrary is notified to them
in the fame authentic manner." Whereupon, the bench
unanimouily agreed to commit the pretended fnerifF, for his
intrusion and arrogant contempt to the court. Leflie alfo
committed iome officers of that tumultuous army which the
lord Tyrconnel raifed, for robbing the country.

Hither <.o Ltilie had aled as a divine and a good magiftrate.
Mean while, he never approved of carrying thefe principles
of reliftance ib far as to deprive the king of the fupreme
power; and, perfevering fteadily in that opinion, he con-
tinued, after the Revolution, in allegiance to king James,
In coniequence, refufing to take the new oaths appointed upon
that change, he loft all his preferments; and, in 1689, when
the troubles began to arife in Ireland, withdrew, with his
family, into England. Here he fet about writing political
pieces, in fupport of the caufe he had embraced ; and, being
a perlbn of extraordinary vvic and learning, was eftecrned a
chieftain among the Nonjurors. His tirfl piece, in this caufe,
was an anfwer to abp. King's *' State of the Proteftants in
Ireland, .under the late King James's Government," wherein
he iliewed himfelf as averle fioin the principles and practices

of



LESLIE.,

ef the Irifii, a-nd other Papifts, as he wa? from thofe of re-
fiflance. Neither did his fufferings make him forget his duty
to the church of England ; in defence of which he fhewed
himfelfa ftrenuous champion againft the quakers, many of
whom were converted by him. But, as all^ his converts were
clefuous of returning to prefbytery, whence they had left
fprung, he was obliged to treat the fubjecl of church-govern-
ment in defence of epifcopacy. He iikewife employed his pen
in the general caufe of the Chriftian religion, againft Jews
2nd Deiils, and againft the errors of Socinians and Papifts.
Mean while, his writings, and frequent vifits to the courts of
St., Germains and Bar le Due, rendered him obnoxious to the
government; hut he became more fo upon the publication of
the ** Hereditary Right of the Crown of England aliened ;"
of which he was the reputed author. Finding hirnfelf, on
this account, under a neceii'ity of leaving the kingdom, he
repaired to the Pretender at Bar le Due; where he was
allowed to officiate, in a private chapel, alter the rites of the
church of England; and he took much pains to convert the
Pretender to the Proteftant religion, but in vain. However,

O

to promote the faid Pretender's intereft, when a great frir
was made about him in England, he wrote a letter from Bar
le Due. dated April 2.3, 171^ which was printed and dif-
peried among his adrierents, replete with the moft fordid
flattery ; wherein, after eiving a fine description of the Pre-
tender's perfon and character, his graceful mien, magnanimity
of Ipirir, devotion free from bigotry, application to buimefs,
ready appreheniion, found judgement, and affability, fo that
none conver&d with him without being charmed with his
good fenfe and temper ; he concludes with a propofal, " on
condition of his being reftored to his crown, that, for the
fecurity of the -church of England as by law eftablifhed, he
would fo far wave his prerogative, in the nomination of
bifnops, deans, and ail other ecclefiafrical preferments in the
gift of the crown, that live bifiiops fhou'd he appointed, of
which the archbiihqp of Canterbury for the time being always
tc be one, who, upon any vacancy, might name three perfons
to him, of whom he would chufe." Many other proposals
of the like naiure were made foon after, and feveral projects
were not only laid in England, but an actual infurre&ion
begun in Scotland, by his party, in 1715; all which ended
in the crufbing and clifperfing of the rebels, and in the Pre-
tender's being obliged to leave the French dominions.

In this exigence he withdrew to Italy, whither Leflie at-
tended him, notwithltandinj; the ill-ufage he met with at that
court. He was a firm Proteftant, and no unable champion
pi that religion ; and was encouraged to hope, that he might

maku



LESLIE. 301

>

ir,ake a convert of his prince. He had been fent for efpecialiy
by himfflf, with a promife that he (liould celebrate the church
of England fervice in his family j and that he would hear
what he fhould reprefent to him on the fubjec"l of religion.
But the Chevalier was far from keeping the word he had given,
and on the faith of which our divine had come over; for,
though he allowed him, for form's fake, to celebrate the church
of England fervice in his family, yet he never was prefent
there; and not only refufed to hear Leilie himfelf, but fhel-
tered the ignorance of his priefts, or the badnefs of his caufe,
or bo-.h, behind his authority, and abfolutely forbad ail
cifcourfe concerning religion. However, Leilie put up with
every thing, in dutiful lubmiilion to- his avowed fovereign,
till ihe year 1751; when, having undergone many diffi-
culties, and fin a ing nothing but difappointments, he funk
under the preffur.c; and, returning to his. native country,
died- April 13, 1722, at his own houfe at Glallough, ia the
county of Monaghan.

As to his character, Bayle flyles him IC a man of merit and
learning," and tells us, that he was firft who wrote, in Great
Britain, againft the errors of madam Bourignon. His books,
adds he, are much efteemed, and efpeeialiy his treatife of
" The Snake in the Grafs." Salmon obferves, that his works
muft tranfmit him to pofterity as a man thoroughly learned,
and truly pious. Another writer informs us, that Leflie made
feveral converts from Popery; and fays, that, notwithftanding
his miftaken opinions about government, a,nd a few other
matters, he defer ves the higheft praifs for defending the
Chriftian religion againft Deifts, Jews, Quakers, and for
admirably well fupporting the doctrines of the church of
England againft thole of Rome. The author of the " Free-
holder's Journal," immediately after the death of Mr. Leilie,
obferved, that, when the Popim emiflaries were mod aclivein
poifoning the minds of the people, Mr. Leflie was behind no
man in diligently expofirg, both in public and private, ths
errors and abfurdities of the Roimfh doclrines. Yet, upon
the abdication of king James, he refigned his livings, followed
his fortuneSj and adhered firmly to his interefls; and, after
his demife, to thofe of the- Pretender. Nocwichftanding his
well-known attachment to the Jacobite intercit, and his
frequent vilits to the court of St. Germain's, he was not much
molefted by the government till a little before SacheverelPs
trial, when he attacked bp. Burnet pretty warmly in a
pamphlet, called " The good old Caufe, or Lying in Truth;"
wherein he would prove, from the bifhop's former works, die
truth of that doctrine for which the doclor was profccuted
bv the commons, and violently inveighed asiainil the biihoj>

* 4 & w i

himfelf



LESLIE.



himfelf. To avoid the ftorm that threatened him for
pamphlet, he fled out of England, and remained abroad til]
1721, when he returned hither, with a refolution, let the
confequrnces be what they would, of dying in his own coun-
try. Some of his friends acquainting lord Sunderland with
his purpofes, and imploring his protection for the good old
man, his lordfhip readily and generouily promifed it. Mr.
Leilie had no fooner arrived in London, than a member of the
houie of commons olEcioufly waited ou lord Sunderland wirh
the news, but met with fuch a reception from his lordfl^p as
the malice of his errand deferved.

Belides the political tracls which he fcattered, Mr. Leiiie
lefc two volumes in folio of theological works, in 'which he
has difcuued well nigh all the controverfies which now difturh
the peace of the Chriilian church. Confummate learning,
attended by the loweft humility, the firi&efl piety without
the leaft tincture of morofenefs, a converfation to the laft
degree lively and fpirited, yet to the laft degree innocent,
made him the delight of mankind, and leaves what Dr.
Hickes fays of him unqueftionable, that he made more converts
to a found faith and holy life than any other man of our
times.

A catalogue of his books is inferted below [?].

LESSING



[p] We flinll divide thefe into his
political and religious works. Of the
former, he wrote, i. f< Anfwer to the
State of the Proteftanfs of Ireland,*'
&c. already mentioned. 2. " diTan-
<lia, concerning the new Affociations,
&c. 1703," 41:0. 3. " Rehearfals;"
at firft a weekly paper, publifhed after-
wards twice a week in a half-fheet, by
wr.y of tii.ilogue on the affairs of the
times; begun in 1704, and continued
for fix or f'e^en ye?rs. 4. " The VVo'f
ftripped of his Shepherd's Cluathirg, in
Anfwer to ( Moderation a Vircue/
1704," 4to. The pamphlet it anfwers
was written by James Owen. 5. * The
Bifhop of Sariim's [Burnet's] proper
Defence, from a Speech faid to be
fpoken by him againft occafional Con-
formity, 1704,'' 410. 6. " The new
Affbciation of thofe called Modera:e
Churchmen," &c. occafioned by a
pamphlet, intitule*!, *' The Danger of
Frieftcrafr, 1705," 410. 7. " The
new Affoc ; ation, part 2, 1705," 410.
8. " The Principles of Ditfenters con-
cerning Toleration and occafional Con-
formity, 170;," Ato. 9. "A Warning
for the Church of England, 1706," 410.
Soms have doubled whether thefe iwo



pieces were his. 10. "The good old
Caufe, or Lying in Truth; bt-ing a
fecond Defence of the Bifhop of S.irum
from a fecond Speech. &c. 1710.'' For
this, a warrant was iffued out Pgainfl
Leflie. ii. "A Letter to the Bifhop
of Ssrum, in Anfwer to his Sernon
after the Queen's Death, in Defence of
the Revolution, 1715." 12. " Salt for
the Leech." 13. " The Anatomy of a
Jacobite/' 14. " Gallienus ledivivus."
15. " Delenda Carthago." 16. " A
Letter to Mr. VVilham Molyneux, on
liis Cafe of Ireland's being bound by the
Hnglilh Afts of Parliament." 17. "A
Letter to Julian fohuf-n.'" 18. Several
Tracls ag'ainft Dr. Higden and Mr.
Ho-'dly."

His theological traces are, firft, againft
the Quakers; as, i. ' The Snake in
the Grafs, Sec. 1697," Svo. 2. '* A
Difcourfe proving the Divine Inftitution
of Water Baptifm, &c." ibid. 410. 3.
" Some feaionable Reflections upon the
Quakers' folemn Proteftation againft
George Keith, &c. 1^97.'' 4. " Satan
difrobed from his Difguife of Light,
1698," 410. 5. " A Defence of a
Book, intituled, < The Sn:ike in the
Gj;a(s,' ijcc," Svo. 6. " A Reply to

a Book,



L E S S I N G.



303



LESSING (GOTTHOLD EPHRAIM). Leffing's grand-
father, Thtopliiius, being a ftudent of the civil law, held a
difputation at Leipfic, in 1670, " De Religionum Tolerantia,'*
relative not merely to the toleration of rhe three Chrifiiao
parties, but to the general toleration of all religions. His
father, who was a man of talents and learning, had dcftined
him fe If to an academical life, but was called to take charge
of a congregation at Kamctz, the place of his nativity. Here
he was in correfpondence with the mod famous preachers of
]rs time, published Ibme works of his own, and translated



Online LibraryWilliam TookeA new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) → online text (page 34 of 48)