William Tooke.

A new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) online

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Online LibraryWilliam TookeA new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) → online text (page 39 of 48)
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or Mofaical reds, he applied to Lilly for his afliftance.
Lilly, with one Scot, who pretended to the ufe of the faid
rods, attended by Ramfay and above thirty perfons more,
went into the cliofter by night, and, obferving the rods to
tumble over one another on the Weft fide of the cloifter,
concluded the treafure lay hid under that fpot ; but, the ground
being dug to the depth of fix feet, and nothing found but a
coffin, which they found not heavy enough for their purpofe,
they proceeded, without opening it, into the abbey. Here
they were alarmed by a ftorm, which fuddenly role, and
increafed to fuch a height, that they were afraid the Weft
end of the church would have been blown down upon them ;
the rods moved not at all ; the candles and torches, all but
one, were extinguifh-t d, or binned very dimly. Scot was
amazed, looked pale, and knew not what to think or do ;
until Lilly gave dire6lions to difmifs the daemons, which
when done, all was quiet again, and each man returned
home. However, that method of divination was never after
ufed by our conjurer, though he was cunning enough to
afcribe the mifcarriage, not to any defect in the art itfelf, but
to the number of people who were prefent at the operation,
and derided it ; fhrewdly laying it down for a rule, that
fecrecy and intelligent operators, with a ftrong confidence and
knowledge of what they are doing, are neceflary requilites to
fucceed in this work.

Mean while, he had buried his firft wife, purchafed a
moiety of .thirteen houfes in the Strand, and married a fecond
wife, who, joining to an extravagant temper a termagant
fpirit, which he could not lay, made him unhappy, and
greatly reduced his circumftances. Wirh this comfortabie
yokemate he removed, in 1637, to Horiham in Surrey, where
he continued till Sept. 1641 ; when, feeing a profpect ox
fiiliing in .troubled waters, he returned to London. Here
having purchafed feveral curious books in this art, which were
found in pulling down the houfe of another aftrologer, he
perufed them with incefTant diligence, finding out fecrets
contained in them, which were written in an imperfect Greek
character; and, in 1644, published his " Merlinus Anglicus
Junior," arid fevcral other aftrological bocks. He had
5 con-

LILLY. 339

contracted an intimacy, the preceding year, with Bulftrode
Whitelocke, efq. who was afterwards his friend and patron;
and, in 1645, devoted himfelf entirely to the interefts of the
parliament., after the battle of Nafeby, though he had before
rather inclined to the king's party. In 1647, u P on the
breaking out of the quarrel between the parliament and army,
whofe head quarters were at Windfor, he was fent for, to-
gether with Booker, another aftrologer, by Fairfax, the gene-
ral, who addrefied them in theie terms : " That God had
bleffed the army with many fignal victories, and yet their
work was not finiihed; that he hoped God would go along
with them, until this work: was done; that they fought not
themfelves, but the welfare and tranquillity of the good
people, and the whole nation ; and, for that end, were re-
Ibived to facrifice both their own lives and fortunes; that he
hoped the art, which they (Lilly and Booker) ftudied, was
lawful and agreeable to God's word; that he underftood it
not, but did not doubt they both feared God, and therefore
had a good opinion of them," To this fpeech Lilly returned
the following anfwer: " My lord, I am glad to fee you here
at this time : certainly both the people of God, and all others
of this nation, are very fenfible of God's mercy, love, and
favour unto them, in directing the parliament to nominate
and elect you general of their armies, a perfon fo religious,
fo valiant. The feveral unexpected victories obtained under
your excellency's conduct will eternize the fame unto all
pofterity. We are confident of God's going along with you
and your army, until the great work, for which he ordained
you both, is fully perfected; which we hope will be the
conquering and fubverfion of yours and the parliament's
enemies ; and then a quiet fettlement, and firm peace over all
the nation, unto God's glory, and full fatisfaction of tender
confciences. Sir, as for ourfelves, we truft in God, and, as
Chriftians, believe in him ; we do not iludy any art, but
what is lawful and confonant to the fcriptures, fathers, and
antiquity! which we humbly defire you to believe.' 3

This audience, in November, feems to have been occasioned
by a fufpicion of his attachment to the Royal party, which
he had given fome room for, by receiving an applicatioii
from the king, then in cuftody of the army at Hampton-
court; for, in Aujguft preceding, when his majefty had
framed thoughts of efcaping from the foldiery, and obfcuring
himfelf fomewhere near the city, he fent, as Lilly tells us,
Mrs. Whorwdod, to know in what quarter of the nation
he might be fafcly concealed, till he thought proper to difcover
himfeif, Lillv, having created a figure, faid, the king might

Z 2 bs

340 LILLY.

be fafely concealed in fome part of Eflex about twenty miles
from London, where the lady happened to "have a houfe fit
for his majeiiy's reception, and went away next morning
to acquaint him with it. But the king was gone away in the
night Weflwatd. and lurrendered himielf at length to Ham-
mond, in the lile of Wight; and thus the project was
rendered abortive. However, he was again applied to by
the fame lady, in 1648, for the fame purpole, while the king
was at Carifbrook-caftle ; whence having laid a defign to
efcape by fa wing the iron bars of his chamber-window, lady
Whorwood came to our author, and acquainted him with
it. Lilly procured a proper law, mads by one Farmer, an
ingenious lockfmith, in Bow-lane, Cheapiide, and furniflied
her with aqua-fortis befides ; by which means his majefty
did the bufmefs, and was out with his body, till he came to
his breaft, when his heart failing, he proceeded no farther.
About September, the fame lady came a third time to Lilly,
on the fame errand. The parliament-commimoners were
now appointed to treat with his majefty; upon which, our
aftrologer, after perilling his figure, told the lady the com-
miffioners would be there fuch a day, elected the day and
hour when to receive them, and directed, as foon as the
proportions were read, to fign them, and make hafle with
all fpeed to come up with the commiffioners to London, the
army being then far diftant from London, and the city enraged
ftoutly againil them. The king promifed he would do fo, but
was diverted from it by lord Say.

All this while our aftrologer continued true to his own
intereil, by ferving that of the parliament party, from whom
he received this year, 1648, fifty pounds in cam, and an
order from the council of flate for a penfion of iool. per ann.
which was granted to him for furnifhing them with a perfect
knowledge of the chiefeft concernments of France. This he
obtained by means of a fecular prieit, with whom he had
been formerly acquainted, and who now was confeflor to one
of the French fecretaries : he received the penlion two years,
when he threw it up, with die employment, in difguit on fome
account or other. Mean while, he read public lectures upon
aftrology, in 1648 and 1649, ^ or tns improvement of young
ftudents in that art ; and, in ihort, plied his bulinefs fo well,
that we find him, in 1651 and 1652, laying out near scooi.
for lands and a houfe at Horfham. During the liege of
Coichefler, he and Booker were fent for thither, to encourage
the foldiers, which they did by alluring them that the town
would foon be taken, which proved true in the event.
Having, in 1650, wrote publicly that the parliament Ihould
4 act

LILLY. 34 r

not continue, but a new government arife, agreeably thereto,
in the almanack for 1653, he afferted, that the parliament
ftood upon a ticklifh foundation, and that the commonalty
and foldiery would join together againft them. Hereupon he
was now called before the committee oi plundered minifters ;
but, receiving notice thereof before the arrival of the mefienger,
he applied to fpeakcr Lenthal, always his friend, who pointed
out the ofFenfive paflages. He immediately alteied them;
attended the committee next morning with fix copies printed,
which fix alone he acknowledged to be his ; and, by that
means, came off with' only being detained thirteen days in
cuilody of the ferjeant at arms. This year he was engaged
in a difpute with Mr. Thomas Gataker; and, before the
expiration of the year, he loll: his fecond wife, for which he
Hied no tears, but fang Gloria Patri, &c. and married a 'hird
in October following. In 165;, he was indicted at Hicks's
hall, for giving judgement upon ftolen goods, but acquitted :
and, in 1659* he received, from thr king of Sweden, apreient
of a gold chain and medal, worth above 50!. on account of
his having mentioned that monarch with great refpedi: in his
almanacks of 1657 anc ^ J ^5^'

After the Restoration, in 1660, being taken into cuftody,
and examined by a committee of the houfe of commons,
touching the execution of Charles I, he declared, that Robert
Spavin, then fecetary to Cromwell, dining with him fooa
after the facl, avTured him it was done by cornet Joyce. This
year, hefued out his pardon under the broad-feal of England,
and continued in London till 1965; when, upon the raging
of the plague there, he retired to his eftate at Horiham. Here
he applied himfelf to the ftudy of phyiic, having, by means
of his friend Elias Afhmole, procured from archbifhop Shel-
don a licence to praclife itj and, Ocl. 1670, he exercifed
both the faculties of phyfic and aftrology, till his death, which
was occafioned by a dead palfy, in 1681, at Horfham. He
was interred in the chancel of the church at Walton, and a
black marble ftone, with a Latin infcription, was placed over
his grave foon after by Mr. Ailimole, at whofe requeft alfo
Dr. Smalridge, biihop of Briflol, then a fcholar at Weftminfter-
fchool, wrote a Latin and Englifh elegy on his death, which
are annexed to the hiftory of our author's life and times, from
which this memoir is extracted.

Lilly, a little before his death, adopted one Henry Coley,
a tailor, for his fon, by the name of Merlin Junior, and
made him a prefent of the impreffion of his almanack,
which had been printed {ix and thirty years fucceffively;
but he bequeathed his eftate at Horfham to one of the fons
of his friend and patron Bulftrode Whitelock; and his

Z 3 magical



magical utenfils came all into the hands of Dr. Caufin,
his fucceiTor, of famous memory. See a lift of his books
below [H].

LILY (WILLIAM), an English grammarian, was born
at Oldham, in Hampfhire, about 1466. After a good
foundation of fchool-learning, he was fent to Magdalen-
college, Oxford, and admitted a demy there at the age of
eighteen. Having taken the degree of A. B. he quitted the
univerfity, and went, for religion's lake, to Jerusalem ; and,
in his return, flayed fometime at the ifle of Rhodes, to fludy
the Greek language; feveral learned men having there taken
refuge, under the protection of the knights, after the taking
of Conftantinople. He went thence to Rome ; and improved
himfc If farther in the Latin and Greek tongues under John
Sulpitius and Pornponius Sabiaus. On his arrival in Eng-
land, in 1 509, he fettled in London, and taught grammar,
pce'ry, and rhetoric, with good fuccefs, and fo much repu-
tation, that he was appointed fir ft -matter of St. Paul's fchool
bv the founder, Dr. Colet, in 1510. This laborious and
nfeful employ he filled for the fpace of twelve years ; and in
that time educated a great many youths, ibme of whom
proved the greateft men in the nation. For inftance : Tho-
mas Lupfet, Sir Anthony Denny, Sir William Paget, Sir
Edward North, John Leland, &c. Knights, " Life of Dean
Colet," pp. 371, 389. He died of the plague at London
1111522, aged 54. He is highly praifed by Erafmus, who
revifed the fyntax of his grammar, for his uncommon know-
ledge in the languages, and admirable Ikill in the inftrnction
of youth. He was very intimate with Sir Thomas More,
to whofe Latin tranflations of feveral Greek epigrams are
prefixed, fome done by Lily, printed with this title, " Pro-
gymnafmata Thorns Mori & Gulielmi Lilii, Sodalium,

n] Thefe are, i. (! Merlinus An- Angels." See Cornelius Agrippa's

glicus Junior." 2. Ci Supernatural hook with the fame title. Thefe three

Sight." 3. " The white King's Pro- laft were printed together in one vo-

jv ecy." 4. tf England's prophetical lume; the two firrt being tranflated

fvlerlin; all printed in 1644. 5. "The into Engl-fh by Elias Afhmole, efq.

fb.rry Melfenger, 1645." 6. "Col- 14. " A Treatifs of the three Suns feen

leftion of Prophecies, 1646." 7, " A in the Winter of 1647," printed in

Co-'vment on the white King's Pr - 1648- 15. "Monarchy or no Monar-

phecy," ib. 8. " The Nativities of chy, 165:." 16. " Obfervations ort

Archbifhnp Laud, and Tliomas earl the Life and Death of Charles, late

Straffovd," ib. 9. " Chr>ftian Aftro- Kinj of E.:g!anJ," ib. and again in

logy, 1647:" upon this piecs he read 1615, with the title of Mr. William

his lectures in 1648, mentioned in the Lilly's " True Hiftory of King James

text. jo. "The third Book, of Na- and King Charles I," &c. 17. " An-

tivitics," ib. ii. The World's DOS Tenebrofus; ^ the Wack Year."

Cat.iilropi e," ib. 12.. 4< The Pro- This drew him the difpute \vith

phecies of Ambrofe Merlin, with a Gata^er, v/hich ouf author carried c:%

Key," ib. 13. " TrliherriuF, cr the in his almanack in 1654.
Government of the World by preiiJing


L I M B O R C H. 343

Bail!, 1518," by Frpbenius ; and again in 1673, ibid. Our
author's other pieces are mentioned below [i]. Lily, by his
wife Agnes, had two Ions ; and a daughter, who was married
to his ulher John Pv it wife, who fucceeded his father-in-law
in the mafterlhip of St. Paul's fehool, and died in 1532.

LILY (GzoRGF.), eMell fon of the above, was born in
London, and bred at Magdalen-college, in Oxford ; but,
leaving the univerfity without adegree, went to Rome, where
he was recei.ed into the patronage of cardinal Pole, and
became eminent for feveral parts of learning. Upon his
return, he was made canon of St. Paul's, and afterwards
prebendary of Canterbury. He publilhed the fir ft exact
map of Britain, and died in 1559. He wrote fome books [K].

LILY (PETER), iecond ion of William, was a dignitary
in the church of Canterbury, and father of another Peter
Lily, D. D. This other was feme time fellow of Jefus-
college in Cambridge; afterwards a brother of the Savoy-
hofpital in the Strand, London; prebendary of St. Paul's;
and archdeacon of Taunton. He died in 1614, leaving a
wido\$, who publimed fome of his fermons,

LIMBORCH (PHlLip), a celebrated profe (Tor of divinity
in Holland, was of a good family originally of Maeftricht,
and born at Amfterdam, June 19, 16.33. He parTed the lirft
years of his life in his father's houfe, going thence daily to
fchool ; and then, attending the public lectures, became the
difciple of Gafpar Boiiasus in ethics, of Gerard John Voffius
in hiftory, and of Arnold Sanguerd in philofophy. This
foundation being laid, he applied himfelf to divinity under
Stephen Curceiiaeus; who fucceeded Simon Epifcopius in.
that chair, among the Remonftrants. From Amfterdam he
went to Utrecht, and frequented the leclures of Gilbert
Voetius, and other divines of the Reformed religion. May,
1654, he returned to Amflei dam, and made his firil probation-
fermon there, Oct. following. He paired an examination in
divinity, Aug. 16^5; and was admitted to preach publicly,
as a probationer, winch he did firft at Haerlem. The fame
year, he was invited to be ftated minifter of Alcmar, but

[i] Befi^es his Grammar, a famous " De Carol! V. Cscfaris Adventn."
edr-ion of which was published in 1732} [K] Thefe are, " Anglorum Regura

with improvements ! y V/.u\i, rhetoric- Chronices Epitome, Venice, 154?-

prpfeltor at Greihant T coIlege^ we Inve, Francf. 1565. 33^1,1577." To which

*' lit JEnygmaticum Bofii A'ltibofficon are -.^io.ed, " Lancafti \x 5c Eboracenfis

primum, fecnnduin, certium, ad G. [Famil.] tie Rejiio Contentiones, &

Hormatiiium, 15^1." 410; (C Poernnta Kegvini Anglix genealogia;" " Elogia

varia," p;intecl with tliefe Antiboffi- Viroiurn il'.uflrium, 15^9," 8vo;

cons : (i Apologia ad R. Whittyngto- " Catalogus, five Series Pontiticum Ro-

num;" "Apologia ad f. SkeUonum,, manorum." Befides the " Life of

tie Laiuiibus Deiparae Virgiuis ;" " Su- Bi(hop Fiflier," MS. ia die library of

j-er Philippi Archiducis Appulfu ;'" the Royal Society.

Z 4 declines


declined it, not thinking himfelf yet qualified to fulfil tho
duties pf a minifter of the gofpel. However, he publiihed
a courfe of fermons, in Low Dutch, by Epifcopius, his.
great uncle by the mother's ilde, which came out in 1657
and the fame year was invited to be m milter of the Ref
monfcrants at Gouda, where there was a numerous con-
gregation of that feft of Chrifuans. He accepted this vo-
cation, and exercifed the miniilerial function in that town till
he %v^s called to Amfterdam.-

Having inherited the papers of Epifcopius, he found
among them a great number of letters relating to the affairs
of the Remonftrants; arid, communicating thefe to Hart-
feckar, minifter of the Remonftrants at Rotterdam, they
joined in" difpofing them into a proper order, and then pub-
iifhed them under the title of " Epsftols prarftantium et
eruditorum Virorum, 6.c. : ' at Amsterdam, in lOoo, 8vo,
Thefe being well received by the public, Limborch collected
in ore letters, ai.d pubiifhed a fe.:ond edition, corrected and
enlarged, in 1604, fol. After which, the copy coming into
another bookleller's hands, a third edition came our, -1704,
at Arrfteickm, in folio, with an appendix, by Limbcrch,
pf twenty letters more; io that \ve have here aimoft a
complete feries of every thing which relates to the hi (lory of
Arminianifm, from the time of Arminius to the fynod of
Dort, and afterwards. Jn 1661, our author pubiifhed a little
piece, in Low Dutch, by way of dialogus upon the iubieft
of toleration in religion. Curcell*us having printed, in 1650,
the firft yoKime of Epifcopius~s works, which had been
communicated to him by Francis Limborch, our author's
rather, the fecond volume was procured by Philip the foil
in 1661 ; to which he added a preface in defence of Epifct pius
and the RemonO.rants. In 1^67, he b.came miniiter at
Amiterdam, where Pontanus, the profefTor of divinity, whofe
talent lay chiefly in preaching, appointed Limborch hi
deputy ; firft for a y^ar, and then religned the chair abfo-
lutely to him in ic68. From this time he turned all his
fludies that \v:ay, and acquired a great reputation, not only
among thofe of his own party at home, but among foreigner?-,
too, to which the mildnels and modefry of his temper con-
tributtd not a little, fcoon after, lie pubiifhed, in Flemiih,
fevers 1 fermons of Epifcopius, which had never been printed

In i>6o, he had married ; and, his wife being dead, in
1674 he engaged in a fecond marriage, and had two children.
The cnluing year, he procured an edition of all the works
pf his mafter Curceilaeus, feveral of which had never ap-
peared before. But, as neither Epifcopius nor Curcelisus


L I M B O R C H. 345

had leifure to finifh a complete fyftem of the Remonftrant
theology, Limborch refo'ved to undertake the tafk, and to
compote one which fhould be entirely complete; iome dif-
orders, however, and feveral avocations, hindered him
from rmi'hing it before 1684, and it did not come out till
1686. This was the firO- fyflem of divinity, according to
the doctrine of tho Remonftrantsj that had appeared in
The work was undertaken at their reqo eft, received v. ith a!l
CAgerneis bv them, and pafTed through four editions L].
The fame \ear, 1686, lie had a uilpute, at firft w<v.-z vocc,
and afterwards in writing, with llaac Orobio, a Jew of
Seville in Spain who had made his efcape out of the Inqui-
iition, r.n.i retired to Amfterdam, where he ptaftifed phylic
with great reputation. Thi<; difpute produced a pk'ce by our
author, intituled, tk Collatio arnica de Verirate Religionis
ChrHtianae cum erudito" " A friendly Conference


with a learned Te\v concerning the Truth of the Chriftian


Religion." In it he (hewed, that a Jew can bring no
argument of any force in favour of JucLifm, which does not
hold xvith ftrong rep'.on in favour of Chriftianity. The
{lubborn Jew would not yield, but carried it fo far as to fav,
that every body ought to continue in the religion, be what it
would, which he prbfefled, iince it was ealier fo difprove
the truth of another religion, than it was to prove his own.
Upon that principle he averred, that, if it had been his lot
to be bom of parents who wo-rihiped the fun, he faw no
reafon why he fhould renounce their religion, and embrace
another. To this piece againft Orobio, is added a fmall
tract a2;ainft Uriel Acofta, a Portugueie deift, in which
Limborch anfw^ers verv folidlv his arguments, to fnew that
there is no true religion besides the religion of nature FM].
Shortlv after, Limboic; p 'blilhed a little piece of Epifc pius,
in Flemilh, containing an account of a difpute between that
Remonftrant and one V'"il]iam Bom, a Romiih prieft, {hew-
ing, that the Roman ch&rch is not exempt from errors, and
is not the fovereign judge of controveriies. In 1692, the
book of lentences, pafTed in the inquiiition at Thouloufe in
France, coming into the hands of a friend, and containing

[L] The title of the firft edition is, a long preface in defence of the Re*

<{ Theologia Chriftiana ad Praxim Pie- monftrants, sgainft a piece in Low

tatis ac Promotionem Chiiftianae unice Dutch, under the title of the et Combats

direcla, Amft. 1686," 410; the fourth, of Sion, by James Fruitier." There

1715, fol. to which is added, " Relatio is a long extract of the lt Theologia

hiftorica de Online c Prcgreffu Con- Chnftiana/' by Le Clerc, in Bibl.

troverliarum in Fcsderato Belgio de Univ. torn. II. p. IT, & feq.
Prsedeltinatione Tra<5latns pofthumus." [M] Acofta's book is intituled " Ex-

This pofthumous piece was printed emplar Vitas humanae." This Por-

feparately ihe fame year at Amfterdam, tuguefe auerw^rds kii;cd himfelf at

2iro, in JL<r# Daich or Flemilh, with Amfterdam.


346 L I M B O R C H.

all the fentences pafled in that court from 1307 to 1323,
Liraborch refolved to publish it, as it furnifhed him with an
occafion of adding the hiftory of that dreadful tribunal, drawn
from the writings of the inquifitors themfeives [N]. In 1693,
our author had the care of a new edition, in one large folio
volume, of the fermons of Epifcopius, in Low Dutch, to
which he added, not only a preface, but. alfo a very long
hiftory of the life of Epifcopius, in the fame language: this
has been fince translated into Latin, and printed in 8vo at
Amfterdam, 1701.

In 1694, there was a young gentlewoman at Amsterdam,
of 22 years of age, who took a fancy to learn Hebrew of a
Jew; and was, by that opportunity, {educed into a refolution
of quitting the Chriftian religion for Judaifm. As foon as
her mother underftood this, Ihe employed feveral divines, but
in vain ; becaufe they undertook to prove Chriftianity from
the Old Teftament, omitting the authority of the New ; to
which ihe, returning the common anfwers me had learned
from the Jews, received no reply that gave her fatisfaclion.
While the young lady, who was otherwife miflrefs of ienfe
enough, was in the inidft of this perplexity, Dr. Veen, a
phyfician, happened to be fent for to the houfe ; and, hearing
her mother fpeak, with great concern, of the doubts which
difturbed her daughter, he mentioned Limborch's difpute
with Orobio, This put her upon defiring that Limborch
mip"ht difpute with her daughter, in hopes that he would be
able to remove her fcruples, and bring her back to the Chriftian
religion. Limborch accordingly came to her, and, proceeding
with her as he had done with Orobio, quickly recovered her
to a better judgement. In 1698, he was accufed of a calumny,
in a book concerning the Afyoj in St. John's golpel, by Vander
Waeyen, profeffor of divinity at Franecker, becaufe he had
faid, that Francis Bur man, a divine and profelTor at Levderi,
had, in his " Theologia Chriiuana," merely tranfcribed
Spinoza without any judgement. But Limborch, producing
paffages from both, made it appear, that he had laid nothing

Online LibraryWilliam TookeA new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) → online text (page 39 of 48)