William Tooke.

A new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) online

. (page 41 of 48)
Online LibraryWilliam TookeA new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) → online text (page 41 of 48)
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eftablifhed fuch characters of diftinftion, as have been uni-
verfally followed by fucceeding entomologies.

The iiril part of his academical education Linnaeus
received under profeflTor Stobxus, at Lund, in Scania, who
favoured his inclinations to the iludy of natural hiftory.
After a refidence of about a year, he removed, in 1728,
to Upfal. Here -he foon contracted a clofe friendihip with
Artedi, a native of the province of Angermannia, who

i O

had already been four years a ftudent in that univerlity,
and, like himfelf, had a ftrong bent to the ftudy of natural
hiflory in general, but particularly in ichthyology. He
was moreover well ikilled in chemiftry, snd not unacquainted
with botany, having been the inventor of that diftinftion
in umbelliferous plants, arifing from the differences of the
involucrum. Emulation is the foul of improvement, and,
heightened as it was in this inflance by friendihip, proved
a moit powerful incentive. Thefe young men profecuted
their {Indies together with uncommon vigour, mutually
communicating their observations, and laying their plans fo
as to aiTift each other in every branch of natural hiftor^ and

Soon after his refidence at Upfal, our author was alfo
happv enough to obtain the favour ot federal gentlemen of
eftablifhed character in literature. Lie was in a particular
manner encouraged in the purfuit of his ftudies by the pa-
tronage of Dr. Olaus Celfius, at that time profefTor of di-
vinity, and the reftorer of natural hiilorv in Sweden; iince
fo diftinguifhed for Oriental learning, and more particularly
for his '-*- Hierobotanicon, or Critical Differtations on tlie
Plants mentioned in Scripture," '] his gentleman is laid to
have given Linnaeus a large lhare of his efteern, and he was
fortunate enough to obtain it very early after his removal to
Upfal. lie was at that time meditating his "Hierobo-

A a 2, tan icon i"

356 'L I N N 2E U S.

tanicon ;" and, being {truck with the diligence of Linna?us,
in d; {bribing the plants in the Upfal garden, and his ex-
teniive knovvJedge of their names, fortunately for him at that
time involved in difficulties, from the narrow circumfrances
of his parents, Celfius not only patronized him in a general
way, but admitted him to his houfe, his table, and his
library. Under fuch encouragement, it is not ftrange that
our author made a rapid progrefs, both in his {Indies, and
the efleem of the profeflbrs : in fa 6V, we have a {hiking proof
of his merit and attainments, in finding, that, after only two
years reiidence, he was thought fufficiently qualified to give
lectures occafional y from the botanic chair, in the room of
profeflbr Rudbeck.

Linnaeus was foon afterwards appointed, by the Royal
Academy ot Sciences of Upfal, to make the tour of Lapland,
with the view of exploring the natural hiiiory of that artic
region. This tour had been made, for the firft time, by the
elder Rudbeck, in 1695, at the command of Charles XI.
but, unfortunately, almoft all the obfervations which that
traveller had made, perilhed in the terrible fire at Upfal, in,
1702. Linnanis fet out from Upfal, on this journey, about
the middle of May, 1783 ; equally a ftranger to the language
and to the manners of the Laplanders, and without any
aiTociate. He even traverfed what is called the Lapland
Defert; a tracl: of territory deftitute of villages, cultivation,
or any conveniences, and inhabited only by a few ftraggling
people. In this district, he afcended a noted mountain
called Wallevary, in fpeaking of which he has given us a
pleafant relation of his finding a fingular and beautiful new
plant (Andromeia tetragona) when travelling within the arc~lic
circle, with the fun in his view at midnight, in fearch of
a Lapland hut. Hence he crofTed the Lapland Alps into
Fin mark, and traverfed the fhores of the North fea as far as

Thefe journeys from Lula and Pitha, on the Bothnian
gulph, to the North fhore, were made on foot; and our
traveller was attended by two Laplanders ; one his interpreter,
and the other his guide. He tells us, that the vigour and
ilrength of thefe two men, both eld, and fufficiently loaded
with his baggage, excited his admiration, fince they appeared
quite unhurt by their labour, while he himfelf, though young
and robuft, was frequently quite exhaufted. In this journey
he often ilept under the boat with which they forded the
rivers, as a defence again ft rain and the gnats, which in the
Lapland fummer are not lefs teazing than in the torrid zones.
In defcendins; one of thefe rivers, he narrowly efcaped



L I N N M U S. 357

perifhing by the overfeting of tlie boat, and loft many of the
natural productions which he had collected.

Linnaeus thus Ipent the greater part of the fummer in ex-
amining this ar&ic region, and thofe mountains, on which,
four years afterwards, the French phiiofophers fecured im-
mortal fame to Sir llaac Newton. At length, afrer having
fufFered incredible fatigues and hardships, in climbing pre-
cipices, pafling rivers in miferable bo its, fufFering repeated
viciflitudes of extreme heat and col .1, and not untrequently
hunger and third:, he returned to 1'ornoa in September.

He arrived at Upfal in November, after having performed,
and that mofilv on foot, a journey of ten degrees of latitude
in extent, exclufive of the many deviations which the accom-
plifhnient of h>s deiign rendered neceflary. The refult of this
journey was not puhlilhed till feveral years afterwards ; but
he loft no time in prefenting the academy with a catalogue of
the plants which he had dilcovered ; which, even fo early as
that period he arranged according to the fyftem iince deno-
minated t\ie/;-xnal. '

In 173?, we find this great naturaiifl vifiting and exami-
ning the feveral mines in Sweden ; where he formed his firfl
Ike tch of his " Syftem on Mineralogy," which appeared in
the early editions of the " Syilema Naturae," but was not
exemplified till 1768.

The next incident in the hiflorv of this celebrated perfon
\vas his being fent, with feveral other naturalifts, by the
governor of Dalekarl.a, into that province, to inveftigate its
natural productions. After accomplishing the purpofe of this
expedition, he refided fome time in the capital of Delekarlia,
where he taught mineralogy, and the docimaftic ait, and
pracliieJ phvfic. In 1735, he travelled over many other parts
of Denmark and Germany, and fixed in Holland, where he
chiefly reiidtd until his return to Stockholm about the year
1739. Soon after he had fixed his refidence at this place, he
married one of the daughters of Dr. More, a phyfician at
Fahlun, in Dalekarlia, with whom he became acquainted
during h : s flay in that town.

In 17:5, the year in which he took the degree of M. I), he
publilhed the firll Iketch of his " Sytfema Naturae," in the
form of tables only. It thence appears that, before he was
twenty-four years old, he laid the balis of that great ftruclure
which he afterwards railed, and which will perpetuate his
fame to the laveit ages of botanical fcience.

In 1736, Linnaeus vifited England, where he formed many
friendfhips with men at that time diftinguilhed for their
knowledge in natural hiftory : but, though Boerhaave had
furmlhe-d him with letters of recommendation to Sir Hans

A a 3 Sloane,


Sloane, we arc told, that be met not with that reception
which be had rea'on to expeft [T]. For this treatment,
Dr Pulteney, with great probability, a {Tigris the following

n 173?, this great naturalift made an cxcurfion to Paris,
when' he had the infpe&ihg of the Herbaria of the Juflie'us,
at thai time the fir it botanills in France , and allo the botani-
cal collect ions of Suri;:n and Tournefort. He intended going;
thence to Germany, to viiit Ludwig, and the celebrated
Hall T. vvitb * iiom he maintained a clofe correspondence ;
bat lie was obliged to return to Hoihnj without enjoying this
plea i uve [u].

About the latter end of 1738, or the beginning of the fnbfe-
quent >. e-;r, Linn-jeis returned to h-s native counrry, wlrre
he fettled as a p'; 1 \\ at Stockholm, it is laid, that at fir ft
ho me- with confid e oppolitiori, and was oppre'.'ed with
many difficulties; our a ;th he furmounted all, and ac-

quir <; e-tc'niive pra<! ice, The intered of count Teilin, wiio
becanv ze.Jt;-, s at. on, piocured him the rank of phyikiah
to the fleet, a"d a i:ip-. 11,1 iom Uie citizens for giving lectures
in borany. The eita . . . hment of the Royal Academy or
Scieno s a 1 - Stockholm, ot which Linnaeus was appointed the
rini prelident, Icrved not a little to favour the advancement of'

[T.] Dr B'ierhaave's letter to S : r
J-lans bloane. on this octafion, is pre-
ferved in th- Bi'itiih Mul'eum, and runs
thus " Linnaeus qui has ;ibi dab:t
lit-e-.s. eft un ice dig ustevideie, uuice
a te vii'eri ; qui vos fimul videbif,
^ hominum par, cui fimile vix
dalnt orbis." This encomium, how-
ever quaintly expr-fled, jet \vr.s, in
fome meMure, prophet'c of Linnsns's
fuuire f. me and cr:^:uefs. a:,d proves
h.av intimately Bocrhaave ha- ! pent-
tr t-d iiito the genius and abilities of our
author; and, rtraised ;s rh.s p.iralltl
thcug! t, it is likely how-rver
opening ot th:- 1 fexi-.-u fyflenn,
from "Ray's, b vthch. Sir
had alvv.^y:- kno - n pLtist^,
and p;-.:tiju!atly t!;..- innov.-iti n-, ;^ thty
were ti.en called, which Linr.xus had
r.-ade in alterirg t!-e ur.mes of (o ninny
gei'era, were raher t! e caufe of that
coblr.ef?, with \v'..ich ! e \\as received
by our excellent naturalift. p obabiy
we have reafon to regret this c.rcum-
fh-nce; for, other wife, L n: sens n id.c
liavr ''btiantd an eftablifair^ nt in Eng-
lard, as it has been thought he wJhed
to have done ; and doubtleit in? oppor-
tiii-irifs in this kii'gdo n >.;:-!,' have
been n.uch more favourable to his de-

that the


fip.i'S, than in thofe arftic regions where
he (pent ttie remainder of his days. In

the mean time, we may juitly inter tlie
exalted idea that L'nnaens had of Eng-
land, as a land emment'y favourable to
the improvement of fcicnce, from that
compliment, whicli, in a Utter to a
friend, he aftrrwaids p .id to Londonj
when, fp"akmg of that C'ty, lie c-dled
if, " Puiidtum faliens in Vitello

{"u] Dr. Pnlteney gives an account
of the ftveial icicpt;fic pro^uclions
which Lir.naeus puil.ihed j-r wit us to
this time. Ihefc are, the " Syftema
N^turss," " Fundam^nta Botanic?.,"
<v oil i.otheca But-mi^a," and " Ge-
neia Plamarum." The -Lift of thofe
i? juftly ccinfulered as the m-.>i> valuable
of all the woiks of this ci-.icb-rr.tcd au-
thc-r. \Vhat immenfe appliciition had
been bellowed upon it, the reader may
e. fi!y conceive, on being it formed,
that, before the public-alien of ihe firft
eciitn n, the author had examined t'.e
rh;irachrs cf e\g\\t ihouiand flowers.
Ihe laft book of Liui ssuc's compofiticn,
publi^id dating his ftay in Ho'.LmJ,
\vns the " Clnlfi-s Pl-mtai uin ;" which
is a copious illuftration of the ftcond
part of the" Fund.iixunia."


L I O T A R D. 359

his fame, by the opportunity which it al d of difplaying

his abiii ics. In 1741. u;>on the refignation ot Rob r^, he
was conftifuted joint pn r of phviic, and i hvfician to the
kino;, with Rofen, who had been apj .,,.tul tuc pr c' ding
year [ \]

In 1755, Linnaeus was honoured with a gold medal by
the Koy;;l Academy o Sciences of S'ocl.hvl'.i, for a paper
on the fuhj- ft of promoting: a^ncultii ar.d all branches

* * ^^ t

of rural oeconomv ; and in i-fo, lie obtained n in

froiii the Imper, of '' :u St. Pe^erfbjfrg, for

a pape- relative to the dn fexes of plants.

We a r c tokl that ' .innoMis, upon ; c. enio- eel a good

conftitution ; but that he was iometi-res- feverely afflicted with
a ic and v as not pteJ from th.c gout. About

t'ne clofe of 177^, he was ki/ccl \vitli an ap pl.xv, which left
him paralytic: arid, at tlu beginning of the year 1777, ^ ie
fuff red another i<roke. wliich verv miich impaired his mental
powers But ihe ciifeaie, fuppo'ed to have been the more
immediate caule of his d-ath, \vas an ulccration of the
urm:i r y bla:!der ; of which, arrer a tedious indifpofition, he
died [an. 11. 1778, in the yifi: year o! his a-'C.

LIN I'RUM ("EVER-'NU^, bifhop of \V'iSurs;-in Jutland,
known bv levtra! theological fe.stifes compofed by him in
Lati", wa^ pro'eiior of divn^Ly and e ! oquence in the uni-
ver'itv iv L Cope iiiagen, in which city he died in 1732.

LiO . AR ) (JOHN' STtrutN) \va. born at Geneva in
1702, and defigned for a m t. Fn 1725, he went to

ftudv at Paris and, in 17^, acc^-mp^ni-.'d ti;e marquis de
Puiiieux to Rome, where he made hi ink 1 If known by his
woiks in Cra\ons. He in Ei- 1 i:i the rei^n of

* J c^

George i but did not (lay l-'-ns;. He m.:de a journey to the
Levant, whtTc he adopted the E?.f:ern habir, and wore it on
his return, with a very long beaid, which at lad he facrificed
to , r m n, and married a vouna wife. c came a^ain to

*J i i

England in 1772, and brought a collection of pictures of
diffeient mailers, which he fold by auction. Truth and

[r.] Dr PuUeney, >n th<<; p'ace, j;ives tfeatifrs wns the (( Mantifia Alfera/*

an account df lie ' lur CE undicum & pu!.li.lied in 1771. The remaining

Gotl tndicura," " I'er inicum," c-.t Dr. Pu!tene\'s volume con-

" Flurt Suec'ca," " Faunn Sucric?," t.iins an acc-vnt of the '* Amoenitates

t( Ma:eri;i Medica," and " Phiio- AcaJemicx;' 1 with oblervatiou?, tend-

fophic i ca ;" the hiunry anil ir.g to fliew the utility of

mutsut wh-cli woiks be hi idly c x- knowledge in relation to agriculture,

plains; aiul afierwirJ.s gives a 1 r;;^ atiii the feeding of cattle; accompanied

analyfis- of the ' Syltema Natuirr. ' with a ti .inflation of Linnaeus's "Pan

and of the '- Gei^er.i Morborura i" Siiecicus," nccomm<)dat-;d to the Englifh

with a (hort account of the pa r \vi-ii- pl.-.rt-:, with references to authors, and

le i by Lin rcu c , in the " Afi.\ Uni'a- to figures of Che plants.
lienfia." The Ull of this great man's

A a 4 fidelity

L I P S I U S.

fidelity are the marks of this painter's hands ; but with the
iiifFnefs of a bufl in all his portraits. See Walpole's Anec-
dotes of Painting, where is a fine head of him in fmall.

LIPS1US (JUSTUS,, a moll acute and learned critic, was
born at Ifcanum, a country feat of his father, between
BrurTeis and Louvain, O61. 18, 1547. He was defcended
from an ancient and rich fhinilv ; his anceftors had been, as
his father was, among the principal inhabitants of BrufTels,
He was fent to the public Ichooi at Brulfels, at fix years of
age ; and he foo'n gave fuch proofs of uncommon parts, that,
according to the ilorics related of him, he might very well be
deemed a kind of prodigy. It is faid, and indeed he tells us
himfelf in one of his letters, that he acquired the French
language, without the afTiftance of a mailer, fo perfectly as to
be able to write in it before he was eicrht vears old. In the

*> J

fa.! e letter, he relates three mimaps, which befel him during
the Rate of chLdhood, by one of which he \vas very near
periihing: he lell, in the fir ft place, from a rock at Ifcanum,
into a mow-drift, whence he was taken by a maid-fervant,
who accidentally faw him, almoft fuffocated ; then he fell
from the fcaftold of a houfe that was repairing at Ifcanum,
whither he had climbed with one of his playfellows, who,
falling 1 kewife, had the misfortune to bi^ak his leg,
while Lipfius's girdle, catching upon fomething by the
way, preferved him from mvch hurt ; and, laftlv, at BruiTds,
he fell into. the river, and was fo near being drowned,
that, when he was taken out, he was, in appearance^

From BrufTels he was fent, at ten years old, to Aeth ; and,
two years after, to Cologne, where he was taught by the
Jefuits. At fixteen, he was fent to the univerfity of Louvain ;
where, beins; already well {killed in the learned languages,
he applied himfelf principally to the civil law. His great
delight was in belies knres and ancient literature ; and, there-
fore, Icfing his parents, and becoming his own mniler before
he was eighteen, he projected a journey to Italy, for the fake
of cultivating- them to perfection. He executed what he
projected; but, before he let out, he publiihed three books
of various readings, 4i Variarum Lc&ionum Libri tres,"
Vv'hich he dedicated to cardinal Granvellan, a great patronizer
of learned men. 1 his was attended with very happy effects,
and opened his way to the cardinal, when he arrived at Rome
in 1567. He lived two years with him, was nominated his
fecretary, and treated with the utmofl kindnefs and generofity.
He was here in as good a fituation as could poilibly be defired ;
for, though the cardinal honoured him with the title of
fecretary, yet the trouble and bulinefs of that office was left


L I P S I U S. 361

to others. His time was all his own, and he ufed to employ
it jult as he pleafed ; the Vatican, the Farnefian, the Sfortian,
and other principal libraries, were open to him; and there he
fpent much time and pains in collating the rnanufcripts of
ancient authors, of Seneca, Tacitus, Plautus, Propertius,
&c. His leifure-hours he ufed to employ in traverfing the
city and neighbourhood, in order to infpeft and animadvert
upon the moil remarkable antiquities. There were alfo at
this time feveral men in Rome, very eminent for their
abilities and learning; as, Antonius Muretus, Paulus
Manutius, Fulvius Urfinus, Hieronymus Mercurial is. Caro-
lus Sigonius, Petrus Viftorius, and others, with whom he
became well acquainted, and from whom he reaped great

In 1569, he returned to Louvain, and fpent one year in a
very gay manner, a? he himielf ingenuoufly coufefTes. He
ufed to frequent balls, affemblies, taverns, and every fcene of
rnirth; however, he pleads the heat o'i youth in his excufe ;
and, the mure eafilv to break off his engagements of this
nature, he reiblved upon a journey to Vienna. He was near
jumping out or' the frying pan into the fire, as the faying is ;
for, {lopping at D >'e, which is an univerfity in the Tranche
Comte, they made him drink hard, and had nearly killed
him. The cafe was thus: he delivered there an oration in
public, to rhe honour of Victor 'Gefelinus, who was taking
his degree of doctor of pSiviic ; upon which he was invited to
a great entertainment, where, as the cuftom of the country
then was, the quells ufed to urovoke one another to drink
plentifully. Lipfius complied; hut, being unequal to the
talk, was fuJdenlv feized with an unufual ihivering, and
went home with a fever. " This ftory," fays Bayle, " would
not have been furprifing, had Lipluis been an Italian or
a Spaniard; for to fuch people an entertainment, at taking
a degree in fome Northern univerfities, is as dangerous
an action as a battle to a colonel, unlels they get a
difpenfation for not pledging at every turn ; but he was a

As foon as he was pretty well recovered from his iiinefs,
he fer forwards to Vienna, and there fell into the acquaintance
of Builx-quius, Sainbuchus, Bighius, and other learned men,
who iifed manv arguments to induce him to iettle there

j O

but the love of his own native foil prevailed, and lie directed his
eourfe through Bohemia, Mifnia, and Thuringia, in order
to arrive at it. But being informed, that the Low Countries
were over-run with the wars, and that his own patrimony
was laid walte by fuiJkrs, he halted at the univerfity of Jer.a,
in Saxony, where he was mveile.i with a profefTorihip.


362 L I P S I U S.

did not continue here above a year ; but decamped for his
own country, as foon as it was a. little fettled. He arrived at
Cologne, where he married a widow in 1574. He did this,
as he fays, rather in compliance with his own inclinations,
than by the advice of his friends ; but fo the gods decreed it.
Some fiv. that fhe was a very ill-natured woman, and made
him a bad wife. We learn from himfelf. however, that they
lived very peaceably together, although they had no child: en.
He continued nine months with his wife at Cologne, and
there wrote his w ' Antiquae," which chieilv coniift
of emendations of Plautus ; he alfo began there his notes upon
Corn iins 3 "acitus, which were aiferwards fo universally ap-
pl : : : bv the 'earned.

He then retired to his own native feat at Ifcanum, near
BrurTels, where he determined to live at a diftance from the
noife and the cares of the world, and to devote himfelf entirely
to letters; and there is a fine epittle of his extant, to lhe\v the
.reat advantages of a country over a city life. But he was


diftuibed by the civil wars, before he was weM fettled ; arid
went to Louvain, where he relumed the ftudy of the civil
law, and took up the title of a lawyer in form, though with
no intent to pra6tifc or concern himfelf with bufinefs, which
he i r could be pie vailed to ci . He publilhed at Louvain
his " Epiftolicrc Queftiones,'' and fome other things; but,
at lengrh, was obliged to quit his refidence there. He went
to Holland, and f^cnt thirteen years at Leyden ; during which
time he compofed and pubiilhed, what he cal's his beft
works. 1 hefe are, " Lltcliorum Libri duo ;'' *' satvra I\Ie-
nip^n ;" "Saturnalium Li ri duo ;" " Commentarii pleni
311 Cornelium Taciturn ; ' " De Conftantia Lihri duo ' " De
Amphitheatre Libri duo ;" " Ad Va!er,um Maximum Not? ;"
" Epiftolarum Ccnturis du - ;" " Epifto!i-ja Inilitutioi' 3
" De lecla Pronunciatione Linguae Latins;" " Animadver-
fiones in Scnecae Trae.oe ; ' ; Animadverfiones in Vel-
leium Patc-rculiim :" t; PcliLJccrum Libri lex ; v ~~" De una
Re!. Liber." Ihefe he calls his beft works, becaufe

thev were \vr:tLn, he favs, in the verv vigour of his age, and

o ...

when he \v:is quite at leifure; " in flpre xvi, & ingenu in
alto otio ;" and he ;tdJs too, that hi :th continued good

till the lafer part of his life, "nee valctudo, riil iub t :-
tremos am , tirutavit."

He with himfelf fuddenly nnd privately from Leyden,

in ICQC; and, afccr iome ilay at Spa, \\ ent arid fett'td at
Louv'uin, wh-:re he taught polite li:e r arure, as he had done
at Ley den. -'.tell credit and refutation. He ipent

- ^

the i T of Ins life at Louvain, though he had recer


p _.i ibi ons, and the ufrcrs oi v:iit advantages,


L I P S I U S. 363

he would have removed clfowhcrc. Fope Clement VITT.
Henry IV. of France, and Philip II. of Spain, app" to
him by advantageous propofals. Several cardinals would
gladly have taken him under their protection and p-'tronnge ;
and all the learned in foreign countr'cs hon ircd him ex-
tremely. The very learned Spaniard, Ar as Moir , v.h *,
at the command of Philip II, fupe intended the reprinting
the Complutenfian edition of the Bible at Pkmtin's pr'fs, had
fuch a particular regard and affection !or him, that he treated
him as a fon rather than a friend, and not only admitted him
into ail his concerns, biu even o fie red to le:ive him all he
had. Lipfics, neverthelets, continued at Louvain, and,
among othe -s, wrote rhs following works: " De Crucc
Libri tres ;" lt De Aiditia Romana. Lihri quinque;" " Po-
liorc^tic^n Li^-ri quh<q <e f ' '' De Mag njtu dine Romana
Libri quatn^r;" " DiiTertatiuncula & Commenrarius in Plinii
Panegvricam ;" " Manudu6Uo ad Stoicayu Philofophiam,"
&c. All his '.vorks have been col levied and printed together,
in folio., mor t -\m once. His critical notes upon ancient
.authors are to be tound in the befr ;. ;is of each re!pe61ive
author i.nd ieveral of his other pieces have, for their peculiar
milky, -.- : reprinted feparately.

Lipi]'i^ > ! ied at Louvain, March c?, 1606, in his 591-11
year, and !e r, fays Jofeph Scaliger, the: le-:rnej world and
his fru i"h's t^ lament the lofs of him. There is the following
judgement p'-::Td uuon Lipfius and his works in the ' Scaii-
gerana Posterior:'' ' > he third centurv of his mifcellaneous
epiitL'S i-i tiic worft of all his works; the bell are his '* Com-
mentaries u on Tac-.t s, ' his Orations " De Concord i a,'*
and ^ u,)on the L : e.ith of the Duke of Saxony." His
** Elecla'' and " ^a'urnalia ' aie very excellent books. He
was a Greek good enough tor his own private uftv
but no further. How unhappy a judgement lie makes of
Seneca die tragedian ' He was perfe&ly ignorant of poetrv,
and everv thiiig reia:ii^g to it.' 11^ \vroic a bad La'in ityle
i:i his later conipoikions ; for \ .1 he feems a iittie in-

Online LibraryWilliam TookeA new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) → online text (page 41 of 48)