William Tooke.

A new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) online

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Online LibraryWilliam TookeA new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) → online text (page 47 of 48)
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the beau ties' of antiquity. '] here he became acquainted wiih
IVlarccllus Cervin, afterwards pope Marcellus 11. who ha4
a good tafte for the polite arts, and, conceiving a great efteem


L O R M E. 409

for Lorme, communicated to him every thing that he knew.
Enriched with the fpoils of antiquitv, he returned to Lyons
in 1536, and ban i The d thence the Gothic tnfte. At length,
going to Pnris, to work for the ca-dinai c!c Bdiay, he was
foon emploved in the court of Kenrv II. He made the
Hode-fhoe, a fortification at Fontainbleau, built the ftately
cattle of A net, the palace of the Tuiileries, and repaired
and ornamented fever?.! of the roval boufes, as Villiers,
Colerets, St. Germain, then called the caille of the Muette,
the Louvre, &c. Tbefe fervices were recompensed above
his expectations. He was made almoner and counfellor to
the king, and had the abbies of St. Iiloy and St. Serge of
Angers conferred upon him.

Ronfard, the poet, out of envy, publifhed a fatire, or
fatirical, againit him, under the title of " La Truelles
croffe'e," The Trowel croiier'd, De Lorme revenged himielf,,
by cauiins; the garden-door of the Tuilieries, of which he was-
governor, to be (hut againfl the poet; whereupon, Ronfard,
took out his pencil, and wrote upon the gate thefc three
words: u Fort, reverent, habe." De Lorme, who under-*
flood little Latin, complained of this inlcription, as levelled;
at him, to queen Catharine de Medicis, who, enquiring into-
the matter, was told by Ronfard, that, bv a harmlefs irony*
he had made that infcription for the architect when read i a
French ; but that it fuited him fHll better in Latin, thefe
being the firil words abbreviated of a Latin epigram of Au-
fonius, which begins thus: ** Fortunam reverenter habe [N]-,"
adviling him thereby to reflect on his primitive grovelling
fortune, and not to fruit the gate againft the Mufes. DG
Lorme died in 1557 ; he left feveral books of architecture,
greatly efteemed Thefe are, I. " Nouvelles Inventions
pour bien baftir 5c a petit frais trouvee n'agueres, 1561^"
Paris, in folio, fifty-feven leaves. 2. " Ten Books of Archi-
tecture, 1568," folio.

LORME (JoHN DE), an eminent phyfician of France,
was born in J544> at Moulins, in the Bourbonnois. He
iludied at Montpelier, where, having taken his doctor's
degree, he pracYifed his art at Forez in 1578. Here he wrote
fome Latin and French verfes, which were prefixed to the
Troifieme Notaire of John Papon [o] ; and afterwards was
made firft phyiician to Louifa of Lorrain, confort to Henry

[N] The two lines of the epigram [o] There is alfo a fonnet of hi?

are, prefixed to Kachot's treatife of vulgar

*? Fortunam reverenter habe, quicunque errors, intkuled, " Erreurs populaires

repente touchant les Medicines 5c Regime de

** Dives ab exili pro^rediere loco." Sante ," concerning which, fee the

pigr. viii. 7 article of LAWRSNCS JOUBERT.


L O R M E.

1IT, arH then to Mary of Mcdicis, queen to Henry IV, under
whom he alfo had the place of phyfician in ordinary. He had
the good fortune to fucceed againfl the opinion of Du
Lauient, the king's chief phyfician [pi, in advinng phlebo-
tomy for the queen, when fhe was feized with a diarrhct a ;
her majelly was let blood, and recovered. He attended the
court, where he was much eileemed, many years ; and,
when he became difabled, by age and infirmities, for that
fervice, he obtained an honourable di {charge to retire to
Ivloulins, the place of his nativity; where Lewis XIII. re-
turning victorious from Languedoc, Dec. 1622, with the
queen his mother, took their lodgings at his houfe, in 1623,
as a teftimony of their kindnefs. He fpent the latter part
of his life in great tranquillity, and d;ed in 1634, more
laden with honours than with years, at the age offourfcoie
janu fen.

LORME (CHARLES DE), fern of the preceding, was
born with grea,t natural endowments in 1587 ; and, being
alfo bred a phyfician, pratftifed his profeiiion with as much
reputation as his father; and became phyfician in ordinary
and counfellor to Lewis XIII. He was acknowledged, both
at court and the city of Paris, to be one of tl-e fineft
gemufes in his profeiTion. He had been before phyficiaa to
Gallon, duke of Orleans, but dici not continue long in employ-
ment. He was likewife phyfician to Bourbon ipa, where he
} raciifed much longer. He rivaled his father alfo in the
length of his life ; and, moreover, when he was very far
advanced in years, had vigour enough to think of marrying
u third wife. Yea, what is more, lie Ipent fome years con-
(idering the matter; and then made choice of a very young
and very beautiful maiden, which, it was thought, would his death. On the contrary, his marriage-bed proved
the grave of~1iis young wife:" me got a consumption by the
old man's fide, and could never be cured ; while her hufband
prolonged his life, apparently in fome meafure by this mar-
riage, to the age of fourfcore and eleven. Some time before
his death, he refitled in the marihal de Crequi's houfe, where
he died in 1678, ai> famous as he was old.

He always did that which has paffed for a proverb with
regard to phyficians, and which never fails of being objected
to them, " Phyfician, cure thyfelf." He gave vogue to a
ptifan called " bouillon-rouge/' i. e. " red broth," which
proved beneficial to thoufana's of people. He fpent vail fums

[p] Da Laurent grounded himfelf " Flncnte alvo venam non fecabis,'*
upon Hippocrates, who fay-, bleeding Patin's Letters, p. 85, torn. iii.
muft not be employed in a loofenefs,


L O R R A I N. 411

in making experiments, unwilling to be ignorant of any
particular in his profeffion ; yet he had a kind of myftical
polypharmacv, and zealoufly maintained the fpecific virtue of
antimony. He had a tafte for polite literature. He was
charming in converfation, having treasured up a vail deal of
ufeful knowledge, which he communicated wonderfully well ;
and, what is more, he was extremely referved when defired
to give his opinion of the feveral literati who lived in France
within a century before. On thefe occafions he happily-
employed his judgement and affection, cenfuring no one, nor
detracting from his due praife ; on the contrary, he always
let their characters, as we do pictures, in the moil favourable
point of view. He had a prodigious memory, and a good
underftanding, which continued clear and unclouded at the
Jaft. He was lo lively, that there were {hewn fome very
good verfes made by him not above a fortnight before his
death. Upon the whole, take him altogether, he was a great
man, w r ho was vailly indebted to God and nature for his

LOR RAIN (ROBERT LE), an eminent fculptor, born at
Paris, Nov. 1666. From his infancy he made fo rapid a
progrcfs in the art of deligning, thatj at eighteen, the cele-
brated Girardon intruiled him with the care of teaching his
children, and of correcting his difciples. He committed to
him alio, in conjunction with NoulifTon, the execution of
the famous tomb of cardinal Richelieu, in the Sarbonne, and
of his own tomb at St. Landres, in Paris. On his return
from Rome, he rimmed feveral pieces at Marfeilles, which
had been left imperfect by the death of M. Puget. He had
a ftrict friend (hip with Depreaux, De Piles, and Tournefort,
and was received into the academy of fculpture, O<5h 1701,
when he compofed his Galatea for his chef d'ceuvre, a work
univerfally efteemed. Lori am afterwards made a Bacchus
for the gardens at Verfailles, a fawn for thofe at Marli, and
feveral bronzes ; among others, an Andromeda, in a grand
gout, &c. The academy elected him profeiTor, May
29, 1717; and he died their governor, June i, 1743,
aged 77.

The pieces in the epifcopal palace of Saverne, which are
all of his compofition, are much admired. He was a learned
defigner, with a great deal of genius, and fucceeded in his
heads, efpecially thofe of the young nymphs, with fo much
truth, and a delicacy fo admirable, that his chilTel feemed
to be directed by Corre;io or Parmefan. In ihort, if he
had been more of a courtier, and made the bell of his oppor-
tunities, he would have acquired the reputation of the greateit


4 i2 L O R R Y.

LORRAIN (CHARLES of), cardinal and archbifhop of
R helms., fon of Claude, the firft duke of Guife, was horn in
152 <; He was a man of the greater! abilities, bu. made the
worft ufe of them, to the great prejudice of France, in order
to fatiate his violent third after riches and honours He
i'ucceed'ed to very confiderabie in 1^,0, bv "he death
of his uncle, cardinal John of Lorrain, whole debts lie never
difcharged, though he had promiicd he woi;U. He enjo\ed an
almoft unlimited authority under Henry II; but A as itiii
more powerful under Francis II ; he, and his brother, the
duke of Guife, governing the kingdom at pieafure, upon
pretence that they were uncles of queen Mary Stcar;.. He
made a (hilling -figure by his learning and eloquence in the
conference of Poilti ; and the only motive of his conienrin^ to
the holding of that alfembly was, that he rmght have an
opportunity of fhewing his genius and parts. He like wife
made a confiderabie appearance jn the council of Trent ; but
did not maintain in it the liberties of the Galilean church
with fo much vigour as the court of Rome dreaded, thinking
it more for the intereft of his family not to difoMige the pope
He has been considered a? the chief author of the war of
Italy, in which the duke of Guife had like to have loft ail his
reputation. Although Charles IX. had forbViden wearing of
arms, yet cardinal de Lorrain came to Paris with armed
guards, having a commiflion under the broad feal to have
armed ffiiarrls. Marlhal de Montmorenci, p-overnor of Paris,

o o

feilt the cardinal a very civil meflage, that he could not admit
3rm with that warlike train ; and the contempt fhewn to that
irscffage ohligecl him to repel force by force. This was done
without any other lofs than that of one of the cardinal's men,
who was going to put himie'f in a pofture of defence; at
which the_cardinal was fo terrified, that he rled, and hid hirn-
iclf in a ihop. He withdrew in the night to his archiepifco-
pal ice in Rheims, there to meditate revenge, lliis incident
was publilhed throughout all Europe, and the cardinal
pref.ty much laughed at for it. He died in 1574.

LORKJS .(WILLIAM DE) died about the year 1260, was
a ?,ood poet, confidering the age in which he lived. He was
av-thor of " The Romance of the Rofe," a work written in
imitation of Ovid's " Art of Love," and which has been fre-
quently republil'hcd.

LORRY (ANNE CHARLES), a French phyiician of great
r putation, born in the neighbourhood of Paris in 1725.
The dif/erent and numerous works which he publifhed during
Lis life-time prove him an accomplished fcliolar, as well as
of great ikill in his profcilion. HJS Latinity was remarkably
pure and correct, and worthy of the better age of literature.


. L O V E. 413

His moft celebrated work is a treatife " Be Melancholia et
Morbis* Melancholias ;" but bis treulife " Sur 1'Ufage
des Alimens''* obtained him, aud very defcrvedly, a great

LOT KM MOHM), a good painter of the English fchooJ,
though a native of Holland, iince he lived and painted many
years iu England. He had an uncommon g'enias in land-
fcape-painring, in a manner very iylvan, like the glades and
ridings of the parks in this country. He is, for the moil part,
very cold in his colouring, which is mixed with anunpleafant
thrkne's; however, he underftood well the diipofition of
lights and thadows. He delighted particularly in oaken trees,
which he almoft every where introduces into his pictures.
His landicap^s are generally very large. He did many florins
at land, accompanied with Ihowers of rain, tearing up trees,
dalhings of water, and water- falls, cattle runrrng to Ihelter,
and the like, to which he had a particular genius, and ex-
ceibd in them. Thefe pieces were admirably good. Ke=
painted alfo many views of the Alps in Switzerland, where
he lived feveral years- His works abound in England, fo that
the juttnefs of this character may be eslily determined. He
died in London about 1681.

LOVE (JA.MES). By this name our prefent author was
diiunguiihed for many years before his death, though it vas
"nly aiTumed when he iiril attached himfelf to the fbge.
His real name was Dance, and he \vas one of the fons of Mr.
Dance the city furveyor, whole memory will be trar*im:ttcil
to poflenty, on account of the clumfy edifice \vhich lie
erected for the refidence of the citv'i -chief magiiirates. Our
author received, it is (aid, his education at V/eflminfter-
ichool, whence he removed to Cambridge, which, it is
believed, he left without taking any degree. About that time,
a fevere poetical fat ire again ft Sir Robert Walpole, then
minifter, appeared under the title of'* Are thefe Things lor''
which, though written by Mr. Miller, was afcribed to Pope.
To this Mr. Love immediately wrote a reply, called, 4i Yes,
they are, what then?' : which proved fo fatisfactory to the
perfon whofe defence was therein undertaken, that he ir,ade
him a handfome prefent, and gave him expectations of pre-
ferment. Elated with this diicindion, with the vanity of
a young author, and the credulity of a young man, he coii-
iidered his fortune as efUbliihed, and, neglectng every other
purfuit, became an attendant at ,the mini tier's levees, where
he contracted habits of incidence and expence, without ob-
taining any advantage. The ilage now offered itfelf as an
afylum from the diiiicallies he had involved himfelf in, and
therefore, changing his name to Love, he made !r.s fint



eflays in {trolling companies. He afterwards performed both
at Dublin and Edinburgh, and at the latter place refided fome
years as manager. At length, he received, in the year 1762,
an invitation to Drury-Lane theatre, where he continued
during the remainder of his life. In 1765, with the a/Tiftance
of his brother, he creeled a new theatre at Richmond, and
obtained a licence for performing in it ; but did not receive
any benefit from it, as the fucceis of it by no means anfwered
his expectations. He died about the beginning of 1774. He
neither as an a6lor or author attained any great degree of ex-
cellence. His performance of Falftsff was by much the befl ;
but this has been exhibited to the public with fo much more
advantage by Mr. Henderfon, that the little reputation which
he acquired by it has been entirely eclipfed by the fuperiority
of genius which his fuccefTor has displayed in the repre-
fentation of the fame character. As an author, he has
given the world ''Pamela, a comedy, 1742;" and fome
other dramatic pieces enumerated in the " Biographia Dra-


LOVE (CHRISTOPHER) was fucceffively re&orof St. Anne's
Alderfgate, and St Laurence Jewry, in London. He was
author of fermons, and other pieces of practical divinity, in
3 vols. 8vo, printed in 1652, 16^4, and 1657, which gained
him a conliderabie reputation. He was convicted of High
Treafon in the court of juftice for holding correfpondence
with the king, and confpiring againft the republican govern-
ment; for which he was condemned to be beheaded. Great
applications were made to parliament in his behalf, not only
by his wife and friends, but aifo by feveral parilhes in Lon-
don, and by fifty-four minifters, who could onlv procure
a refpite of his execution for one month. He loft his head
July 1651.

LOVELACE (RICHARD), an elegant poet of the laft
century, was the eldeft fon of Sir William Lovelace of Wool-
ridge in Kent, and was born in that county about 1618. He
received his grammar-learning at the Charter-houfe ; and, in
the year 1634, became a gentleman-commoner of Gloucefler-
Hall, Oxford, being then, as Wood obferves, " accounted
the moil amiable and beautiful perfon that eye ever beheld ;
a perfon alfo of innate modefty, virtue, and courtly deport-
ment, which made him then, and efpecially after, when he
retired to the great city, much admired and adored ( by the
female fex." In 1636, he was created M. A; and, leaving
the univerfity, retired, as Wood phrafes it, in great fplendor,
to the court ; where, being taking into the favour of lord
Goring, he became a foldier, and was firft an enfign, and
afterwards a captain. On the pacification at Berwick, he


LOWE. 415

returned to bis native country, and took poffcflion of his
cftate, worth about five hundred pounds per annum; and,
about the lame time, was deputed by the county to deliver the
Kent) ih petition to the boule of commons, which giving
offence, lie was ordered into cultody, and confined in the
Gate houfe, whence lie was releafed on giving boil not to go
beyond the lines of communication without a pafs from the
fp^aker. During the time of his confinement to London,
be lived beyond the income of his eilate, chiefly to fupport
the credit of the roval caufe ; and, in 1646, he formed a
regiment for the fervice ot the French kins;, was colonel of it,
and wounded at Dunkirk. 1111648, he returned to England
with his brother, and was again committed prifoner to Peter-
houfe in London, where he remained till after the Icing's
death. At that period he was let at liberty, but, " having
then confumed all his eftate, he grew very melancholy,
which, at length, brought him into a confumption, became
very poor in body and purfe, was the object of charity, went
in ragged cloaths (whereas, when he was in his glory, he
wore cloaths of gold andfilver), and mod ly lodged in obfcurs
and dirty places, more befitting the woifl of beggars and
pooreit of fervants ' He died in a very poor lodging in
Gunpowder alley near Shoe lane, in 1658, and was buried at
the Weft end of St Bride's church. His pieces, which are
light and eify, had been models in their way, were their
fimplicity but equal to their fpirit. They were the offspring
of gallantry and amufement, and, as fuch, are not to be
reduced to the ten: of criticifm. Under the name of Lucaila,
which is the title to his poems be compliments a Mils Lucv
Sacheverel, a lady, according to Wood, of great beauty and
fortune, whom he was accuftomed to calL ' ; Lux Cafta. *
On the report of Lovelace's death of his wounds, at Dunkirk,
(he married. Winitanley has, and not improperly, compared
him to Sir Plrlip Sidney. He wrote alfo two plavs, " The
Scholar," a comedy; and " The Soldier," a tragedy.

LOWE (PETER). AH that we know of this venerable
furgeon is gathered fiom his works. He was born in Scot-
land, and was many years abfent from his native country iiv
the fervice of foreign princes. He tells us, that he had
pra&ifed 22 years in France and Flanders; had been two
years furgeon- major to the Spaniih regiment at Paris ; that he
afterwards followed Henry IV. of France in his wars lix vears.
He ftyles himfelf, in the tide-page of one of his books,
" Doctor in the Faculty of Surgery at Paris, Ordinary- Sur-
geon to the King of France and Navarre." He dates hi-;
book from his houfe at Glafgow, Dec. 20, 1612; but it ii
uncertain how long he had been fettled there. He mention*,


416 L O W T H.

that fourteen years before, on his complaining of the ignorant
perfons who intruded into the pra&ice. of furgery, the king
of Scotland granted him a privilege, under his privy feal, of
examining all practitioners in furgery in the Wcflerii parts of

LOWER (Dr. RICHARD)^ a celebrated Englifh phyfkian,
was a native of Cornwall, and trained under the famous Dr.
Thomas Willis* He praiifed phyiic in London with great
reputation, and died in 169'!. He was the author of an
excellent book u De Corde;" and of another " De Motu &
Colore Sanguinis, & Chyli in eum Tranfitu." Thisphyfician
pra&iled the transtufion of blood from one animal into an-
other ; bur, whether he was the inventor of this operation, we
know not. *

LOWER (Sir WILLIAM, knt.), a noted cavalier in the
reign of Charles I, was born at Tremare in Cornwall.
During the heat, of the civil wars, he took refuge in Holland,
where, being firongly attached to the Mufes, he had an
opportunity of enjoying their fociety, aa'd pnrfuing his
fludy in peace and privacy. He was a great admirer of the
French poets, particularly Corneille and Quinault, on whofe
works he has built the plans of four out of the fix plays which
he wrote; the titles of which may be feen in the " Eiogra- '
phia Dramatica." He died in 1662.

LOWT-H (WILLIAM), a cliilinguiilied divine, was the
fon of William Lowth, apothecary and -citizen of London,
and was born in the pariih of St. Martin's Ludgate, Stpt. 1 1,
1661. His grandfather Mr. Simon Lowth, rector of Tyle-
hurft in Berks, took" great care of his education, and initiated
him early in letters. He was afterwards fent to Merchant-
Tailors fchool, where he made fo great a progrefs, that he
was elected thence into St. John's College, in Oxford, before
he was fourteen. Here he regularly took the degrees of
mafter of arts, and batchelor in divinity. His eminent worth
and learning recommended him to Dr. Mew, bilhop of Win-
chefter, who made him his chaplain, and conferred upon him
a prebend in the cathedral- church of W ? inchefler, and the
rectory of Buriton, with the chapel of Petersfield, Hants.
His ftudics were ftridtly confined within his own province,
and folely applied to the duties of his function; yet, that he
might acquit himfelf the better, he acquired an uncommon
lhare of critical learning. There is fcar'cely any ancient
author, Greek or Latin, profane or ecclefiaftical, efpecially
the latter, but what he had read with accuracy, conftantly
accompanying his reading with critical and philological re-
marks. Of his collections in this way, he was, upon all
ocoalions, very communicative. Hence his notes on " Cle-
4 mens

LO W T H. 417

mens Alexandrinus," which are not to be met with in Potter's
edition of that father. Hence his remarks on 'Jotcphus,"
communicated to Hudfon for his edition, and acknowledged
in his preface; as alib thofe larger and more numerous anno-
tations on the " Ecclefiaftical Hiftorians," infcrted in
Reading's edition of them at Cambridge. The author of
" Bibliotheca Biblica" was indebted to him for the fame kind
of afllftance. Chandler, late bifliop of Durham, while en-
gaged in his defence of Chriftianity from tlie prophecies of
the Old Teilament, againft the difconrfe of the " Grounds
and Reafons of the Chriftian Religion," and in his vindication
of the " Defence/' in anfwcr to t; Ttn Scheme of Literal
Prophecy confidered," held a conftant corrcfpondence with
him, and confulted him upon many difficulties that occurred
in the courfe of that work.

The moffc valuable part of his character was that which
leaft appeared in the eyes of the world, the private and retired
part, that of the good Chriftian, and the ufeful pariih-prieft.
His piety, his diligence, his hofpitality, and beneficence,
rendered his life highly exemplary, and greatly enforced his
public exhortations. He married Margaret, daughter of
Robert Pitt, efq. of Blandford, by whom he had three
daughters and two fons, one of whom was the learned Dr.
Robert Lowth, one of the greateit ornaments of his time.
He died in 1732, and was buried by his own orders in the
church-yard at Buriton.

He publifhed, i. " A Vindication of the Divine Authority
and Infpiration of the Old and New Teitament, 1692,"
I2mo. And a fecond edition, '* with Amendments, and a
new Preface, wherein the Antiquity of the Pentateuch is
afferted, and vindicated from fome late Objections, 1699."
2. " Directions for the profitable Reading of the Holy
Scriptures; together with fome Obfervations for confirming
their Divine Authority, and illuflrating the Difficulties there-
of, 1708," Hmo. 3. " Two Sermons preached in the
Cathedral-Church of Winchefter, at the Affizes in 1714,
intituled, " Religion the diilinguiihing Character of Human
Nature, on Job xxviii, 28," and, " The Wifdom of ac-
knowledging Divine Revelation, on Matt, xi, 10," 4. " A
Commentary on the Prophet Ifaiah, 1714." 5. " On
Jeremiah, 1718." 6. " On Ezekiel, 1723." 7. " On
Daniel and the Minor Prophets, 1726." Thefe were after-
wards republimed together, with additions, in one voi. folio,
as a continuation of bp. Patrick's " Commentary on the other
parts of the Old Teftainent, in which form it has had feveral
editions. 8. " The Characters of an Apoftolical Church
fulfilled in the Church of England, and our Obligations to
VOL. IX, e continue

4 i8 LOWTH.

continue in the Communion- of it." Q. " A Sermon preached

Online LibraryWilliam TookeA new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period .. (Volume 9) → online text (page 47 of 48)