William Usborne Moore.

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1892-93.
1893-94.



Years.



Revenue.
Pesetas.

490,111,645
687,897,075
707.398,172
749,563,003



Expend-
iture.
Pesetas.

765,801.327
780,672,183
782,130,858
763,219,972



Years.

1894-95

1896-96

1896-97

18P7-98 (budget).



Revenue.
Pesetas.
754,993,033
766,022,872
769,5*86,261
866,014,870



The following are the budget estimates for 1896-97, 1897-98, and 1898-99 :

Pesetas.

Revenue. 1896-97.
Direct taxes on land, trade, mines. Government salaries,

registration, etc 295,940,810

Indirect taxes, customs, excise, etc 302.135,000

Tobacco monopoly, lottery, mint, and minor sundries 136,105.000

Revenue from national property 22,885,451

From the public treasury 17,200,000

Total 773,766,261

Expenditure.

Civil list t 9,500,000

Cortes 1,638,085

Public debt 314,991,533



Pesetas.
1897-98.

297,460,810
307,235,000
141,148,000
26,718,942
110,721,019



883^78,771 866,014,870



Expend-
iture.

Pesetas.
780.242,373
803,448,751
761.414,608
865,508,774



Pesetas.
1898-99.

279,360,810
305,073.000
182,696.024
25,185,000
105,700,000



Judicial expenses.
Pensions and indemnities.

Council of Ministers

Ministry of State

44 Justice.



1,463,859

56,214,730

964,300

4,714,512

53.858,240

War 140,225,881



Marine.

44 Interior

44 Agriculture and Commerce.
44 Finance

Tax collecting '

Fernando Po



Total.



23,433,941
27,249.868
77,960,225
16,187,418
28,70R,565
655,000

757,765,657



9,250,000

1,638.085

419,733,792

1.585,447

68,699,730

1,013 467

4,739,387

64,660,064

142,120,396

28.844,991

27,527,669

79,446,306

16,109,442

28,222,212

875,000



9,250,000

1,638,085

♦399,236,678

1,614,651

61,749,730

980,883

4,935,919

54,717,850

143,844,451

24,994,260

28,839,198

80,73H,653

18,549,988

33,543,488

875,000



878,865,878 865,608,774



In 1897 the public debt of Spain was approximately as follows : Consolidated debt, £183,967,000 ;
redeemable, £66,225,000: Treasury debt (including £18,280,000 floating nebt), £82,854,000: total, £283,048,-
000. The interest on the debt, including £3,802,840 for credit operations on account of the war in
Cuba, amounted to £16,789,348.



Production and Industry.

About 80 per cent, of the soil is classed as productive, of which 33 8 per cent, is devoted to agri-
culture. The wheat yield for 1895 was 78,737,000 English bushels. The number of farm animals in
1895 was estimated as follows: Horses, 383.318 ; mules and asses, 1,496,703; cattle, 2,071,826 ; sheep, 16,469*-
303 ; goats, 2,820,827 ; pigs, 1.910,368.

Th»i production of minerals and metals for the years 1895 and 1896 was as follows, in metric tons :
Coal, in 1896, 1,874,771: in 1895, 1,783,083; iron ore, in 1896, 6,808,000; in 1895, 5.514,329; pig iron, in 1896,
246,326; pig lead, in 1898, 172,695 ; In 1895, 163,521 ; copper, in 1896, 2,873,025 ; in 1895, 2,847,600. There were
produced 1,513,998 kilogrammes of quicksilver in 1896, and 222,900 kilos of silver, against 68,546 for 18*5.



Foreign Trade.

The total imports and exports (including the precious metals) have been as follows, in pesetas:



1890..


Year.


Imports.
941,137,925
873,833.503
751,7^3.597
674,972,142


Exports.
937,759.883
803,814,728
603.(122,145
600,909,764


Year.

1894

1895


Imports.
710,513,401
703,792,444
748,986,377
793,341,121


Exports.
579,929,271


1891..




692.635,935


1892..




1896

1897


892,32^,618


1893..




924,936,947









* Includes 61,299,347 pesetas for Cuban campaign.



Digitized by LjOOQ IC



8PAIN.



55



The following table shows the principal articles of import and export, in thousands of pesetas :



Mineral matters and ceramics

Metals and their manufactures

Drugs and chemical products

Cotton, and manufactures of

Other textile fibers, and man u Tree of..

Wool, and manufactures of

Silk, and manufactures of

Paper, and articles of

Ti m bers

Animals, and parts of

Machinery

Alimentary substances

Various

Gold bullion and coin

Silver bullion and coin

Other articles (special)



1896.
70.123
21,285
50,895
90,808
80,377
30,299
22,635

9,913
49,302
71,084
41,546
180,492

7,606

600

24,604

48,228



-Imports—

1896.

69,157

26,158

57.947

75,228

22.043

22,604

19.820

8,500

42,446

66,744

41,857

153,747

6,384

1,261

101,706



1897.
70,541
24,262
59,534
96,860
22,749
19,816
18,757
8,810
43344
69,509
47,674
138,830
5,800
999
143,336
22,519



1895.
88,998
80,818
21,858
48,384

8,667
17,968

5,021
10,910
29,495
60,266
469
290,964

2,186

568

41,624



-Exports —

1896.

104,726

94,162

20,424

62,123

4,517

20,442

4,648

12,432

39,670

62,300

650

338.276

379
139,438



1897.

116,449

94,874

24,534

59,062

3,923

17,669

4,962

12,501

48,398

62,658

498

309,964



1,279
170,581



Total 708,792



748,986 793,841 692,636



892,329 924,937



The total values of imports and exports, including bullion and specie, with the principal coun-
tries are shown below in thousands of pesetas :



Country.

Russia

Norway and Sweden...

Germany

Holland

lielgium

United Kingdom

France

Portugal

Italy

Morocco

Gibraltar

United States

Cuba

Porto Rico

Argentine Republic...
Philippine Islands



Total, all countries..



1890.
26,855
37,190
44,476

2,839

40,473

194,578

292,298

84,874

16,383

9,640

2,855
79,394
44,561
23,127
10,579
24,563

941,188



- Imports -

1895.

27,450

30.921

34^50

8,993

26,810

154,825

285,478

40,151

24,285

9,426

5,149

84,990

87.182

30,180

14,406

24,971



1896.
40.279
22,852
44,068

4,335
40,522
154,709
217,714
41,069
21,5«i0
11,606

6,611
73.899
88,758
56,204

8,707
22,977

909,689



1890.

"M39

11,929

18,891

21,445

218,372

425,604

85,672

8,082

1,476

2,025

24,521

86,427

22,617

15,409

9,214

937,760



-Exports-
1896.



1,263

6,499

18,950

23.081

198,274

288,197

34,879

8,968

1,002

7,431

12,768

186,262

44,417

10,032

26,770



1896.

"2j'li
9,390
18,396
17,661

226,717

282,464

41,518

10,129

1,182

8,582

10,846

255,905
48,128
10,077
41,309



804,952 1,028,252



COMMERCE WITH THE UNITED STATES.



Fiscal year ending June 30. 1893. 1894. 1895. 1896. 1897. 1898.

Exports into United States... $5,694,568 $4,255,875 $8,574,126 $4,131,184 $8,681,973 $8,575,386
Imports from United States.. 13,460,068 18,122,906 10,927,069 11,492,428 10,912,789 10,228,546

The principal exports into the United States for the year ending June 80, 1896, were : Chemicals,
drugs, dyes, $498,667; fruits, including nuts, $1,458,262; iron ore, $302,827; wines. $542,841.

Imports from the United States were : Cotton, unmanufactured, $8,789.024 ; mineral oil (crude),
$664,316 ; tobacco, unmanufactured, $988,140 ; wood, and manufactures of, $718,661.



Imports and Exports op Gold and Silver Coin and Bullion.



1887.
1888.
1889.
1890



Year.



Im



rts.

,158
546,883
2,611,869
8,359,988



1891 22,661,095



Exports.
$886,642
820,250
2,555,706
1,027,918
4,028,875



Tear. Imports.

1892 $8,948,996

1893 6,026,068

1894 4,866,596

1896 4,680,687

1896 16,961,008



Exports
$8,&0,258

2.628,185
690,228

8,142,978
23,830,697



Shipping, Railroads, Telegraphs, and Post-Office. (See index.)



Money and Banking.

On September 24, 1898, and September 25, 1897, the position of the Bank of Spain was as follows,
i n pounds sterling :



Liabilities. 1898. 1897.

Circulation £56.368,000 £45,742,000

Deposits & current aoc'ts. 34,277,000 18,260,000



Assets. 1898. 1897.

Gold £10,823,000 £9,027,000

Silver 5,357,000 10,603,000

Foreign correspondents.... 7,844,000 1,563.000

Loans and discounts. 43,787,000 20,949,000

Spanish 4 per cent, stock... 15.265,000 15,666.000

Treas'y bills, obligat'ns, etc 12,227,000 9,467,000

For gold and silver coins, see Index.

Theoretically, there is a double standard of value, gold and silver, the ratio being ltifa to 1. But
of silver coins only the 5- peseta piece is legal tender, and the coinage of this is restricted.



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56



THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



POBTUGAL.



Portugal, including the Azores and Madeira, had a population in 1878 of 4,745,134, and in 1890 of
5,082,247, occupying an area of 34,038 square miles. The only important non-Portuguese element in
the population is the gypsies ; there are about 3,000 negroes in the coast towns. The population in
the north is mainly Galioiau ; further south there has been considerable intermixture with Arabs and
Jews, as also with French, English, Dutch, and Frisians.



Fiscal Affairs.



The revenue and expenditure have been, in milreis :



Years.

1889-90

1891-92



Revenue.
39,435^97
38,643,209
41,875,869



Expenditure.
54,350,598
54,947.083
48,013,140



Years.

1893-94

1894-95

1895-96



Revenue.
46.104,788
46,519,932
53,179,020



The estimates for 1897-98 are as follows :



Revenue.
Direct taxes—

Property tax

Industrial tax

Income, etc., taxes

Other taxes

Registration

Stamps

Lotteries

Indirect taxes—

Import and export duties. . .

Lisbon octroi

Othor duties

Additional taxes

National properties-
Railways

Posts a nd telegraphs

Various

Receipts d'ordre



Total

Extraordinary .



Milreis.
8,132,000
2,153,000
6,406,100

236,300
2,755,000
2,231,500

300,000

19,617.000
2,136,500
3.283,350
1,086,000

1,740.000
1,322,000
1,751,418
3,525,110 |

52.275,878 I
2,830,000 :



Expenditure.



Civil list

Cortes

Interest and amortization

Other expenditure

Public debt

Loss on exchange

Ministry of Finance

Interior

" Justice, etc

War

" Marine and Colonies..

** Foreign Affairs

*• Public Works

Sa vings-bank



Expenditure*
46,461,638
48,602.870
54,561,077



Milreis.

525.000

97,244

7,198,377

1.646,780

17,833,538

500,000

3,737,000

2,598,065

1.034.258

5,854,320

4,027,331

379,912

5,779,056

58,920



Total ordinary.
Extraordinary .
Total



51,269,853

3.764,991

55,034,844



In 1897, the outstanding debt of Portugal is stated as follows : External 3 per cent, consolidated,
£39,261,051 ; external 4 per cent, redeemable, £1.822,223; external i\4 per cent, redeemable, £12,793,989:
external 4& per cent, tobacco loan, £9.260,000. Total external, £63,137,263.

Internal 3 per cent, (quoted in London). £56,941,901; total external and internal, £120,079,164.

Also outstanding : Internal at 4 and k% per cent., £6,181,905.

Stated to be in hands of Government: External at 3, 4, and 4W per cent., £2,529,362; internal at
3 and 4 per cent., £28,007,411.

In 1895-96, the iuterest amounted to 17,160,140 milreis. The floating debt in June, 1897, amounted
to 36,826,421 milreis.



Industries.

Of the whole area of Portugal, 2.2 per cent, is under vineyards ; 7.2 per cent, under fruit trees :
12.5 per cent, under cereals ; 2.7 per cent, under pulse and other crops ; 26.7 per cent, pasture and fal-
low; and 2.9 per cent, under forest ; 45.8 per cent, waste. In Aleratejo and Estremadura and the
mountainous districts of other provinces are wide tracts of common and waste lands, and it is asserted
that from 2,000,000 to 4,0u0,000 hectares, now uncultivated, are susceptible of cultivation.

There are three cotton factories at work for exportation to Angola. The population engaged
in industries of various kinds, exclusive of agriculture, in 1881, was 90,998. Portugal has about 4,000
vessels engaged in tishing, and the exports of sardines and herrings are considerable.



Foreign Commerce.

The following shows the value of the imports for consumption and the exports, in milreis :



Year.

1890

1891


Imports.

58,837,849

47,778,143


Exports.
32,077,369
51,182.749
33,976,500
29,337,500


1894..
1895. .
1896..


Year.


Imports.

36,489,000

... . 40,996,000


1892

1893


34.589,700

39,837,000


40,815,000










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Exports.
27,796,000
29,281,000
29,880,000



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DENMARK. 57



The imports and exports* special trade, are shown as follows, in thousands of mi Ire is :

Imports » / Exports k -

1894. 1896. 1898. 1894. 1895. 1896.

Living animals 1,271 2,048 2,500 1,902 2,519 2,519

Raw materials 14,249 14,842 14,883 5,778 5,884 5,248

Textiles 4,602 5,284 5,264 819 1,182 1,288

Food substances. 11,885 13,317 12,023 13,667 15,671 15,460

Machinery, etc 1,635 1,656 1,828 88 110 84

Various manufactures. 2,460 2,699 2,957 1,673 1,095 1,547

Tare 61 72 75

Coin and bullion 826 1,143 1,285 3,884 2,808 8,787

Total 36,489 41,005 40,815 27,796 29,260 29,880

The declared values of the leading " special " imports and exports in 1896 were, in milreis :
Imports— Wheat, 3,898,506; cotton and cotton yarn, 2,404,026 ; wool.1,120,197 ; iron, 1,672,979; coal, 1,742,-
894; sugar, 2,363,579; codfish, 2^70,098; leather and hides, 1,164,274; animals, 2,471,776; tissues, va-
rious, 3,623,563.

Exports— Wine. 10,982,831; cork. 8,893,064; animals, 2,519,262 ; copper, 1,091,598; sardines, 941,502;;
cotton tissues. 1,085,476: gold coin, 8,185.005.

There were exported in 1896 : 451,210,500 litres of common wine ; 2,733,700 litres of liqueur wine ;•.
22,537,000 Utres of Madeira ; 284,561,800 litres of port.

Imports and Exports op Gold and 8ilvbr Coin and Bullion.



-Gold » , Silver-



Year. Traports. Exports. Imports. Exports.

1888 H,596,1H $9,805,798 $2,465,264 $&1,79&

1893 1,010,664 6.237,108 166586-

1894 8,830 8,891 296 302

1895 979.274 2,267,587 255,199 218,988:

1896 15,120,000 3.456,000 1,587.920



Shipping, Railroads, Post-Offices, Etc. <see index.)



The milreis. or 1,000 reis, is of the value of $1.08. or 4s. 6d. in English money, and about 4.6 mil-
reis to the £ sterling. Large sums are expressed in con toe (1,000 milreis).

Bronze coins are 40, 20, 10. and 5 reis bieces.

The standard of value is gold. The English sovereign is legal tender for 4,500 reis. In the present
derangement of the monetary system. Bank of Portugal paper is the chief circulation.

For gold and silver coins, see Index.

The Bank of Portugal, with a capital of 13,500 contos, or 13,500,000 milreis, has the exclusive right
of issuing notes. It is the State's banker and the Treasury's disbursing agent. The notes of the Bank
are guaranteed by debts owing by the State for advances from time to time by the Bank. On Septem-
ber 30, 1898, the situation of the Bank of Portugal was as follows: Metallic stock, 18,482,000 milreis •
note circulation, 57.086,000 milreis; accounts current and deposits, 1,943,000 milreis; commercial
account. 13,964,000 milreis; advances on securities, 1,943,000 milreis; balance against Treasury. 15.648.-
000 milreis.



DENMARK.



The area of Denmark is 15,289 English square miles. Its population in 1890 was 2.iAfia»n w«-
earlier years, see " Year Book," Volume I, page 16. WM *«»«. For

The actual revenue and expenditure for the years ending March 31 were as follows :

tovenue. Expenditure. Revenue. Expenditure
Year. Kroner. Kroner. Year. Kroner £t£««Jr re *

1893.. ...!T. 57,233,340 64,974.837 1895 67,^2,857 «££%

1893 K^SS 63,192,087 1896 79051J35 7^470o2

""" — -■«"" 1897 65JB35.336 ffi'rc'SS



1894*.'..'...*. 58,075,266 62,152,474



65,235,336 eS^SW



The estimated revenue for 1897-98 was 66,847,101 kroner, and expenditure 64,734,189 kroner Th#»
budget estimates for 1898-99 are : Revenue, 68,568,724 kroner : expenditure. 68,430 032 * roner ' The

The capital of the debt in 1897 was 196,406,438 kroner. The total foreign debt amounted to 66 515
260 kroner. The debt is mostly 8 per cent. nwa *° °°« 6 1V

The total area under wheat, according to latest returns (1888), was 3,029.404 acres ; potatoes 128
84»acres; clover, 456,586 acres; bare fallow. 637,696 acres : meadow, etc., 2,625,865 acres. The^dSfc
crops In 1895 were: Oats, 37,904£B bushels: barley, 22,32*,839 bushels; ryeVl7,123,62 Tushete- wh«J?
4,4^534 bushels; potatoes. 19,6^5,254 bushels; , roots, 88,920^000 bushels; besides vegetables hay S5S
clover. The total value of the product in 1894 was 262,858,982 kroner ; in 1893, 264,490^310 kroner



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58 THE COMMERCIAL FEAR BOOK.

Foreign Commerce.

The following table shows the value, in kroner, of the imports and the exports of home produce,
including precious metals :

Year. Imports. Exports.

1800 307,081,194 288.887,987

1898 824.587,214 252,818,626

1898 320,294,907 286,115,987



Year. Imports. Exports.

1894 848,989,131 268,604^6

1895 884,089,120 268,420.082

1896 888,986,096 288,878,94*

The principal classes of commerce are shown as follows, in thousands of kroner :

/ Imports » » Exports .

1894. 1895. 1896. 1894. 1895. 1896.

Foods 189,100 140,000 188,200 208,900 810,900 217,600

Manufactured articles 72,700 79,000 81,400 18,000 12,900 14,000

Raw products 110.800 110,600 121,800 81,400 28,800 83.300

Means of product'nfmaclTry, etc.). 26,800 84,400 42,500 12,400 16£00 19,000

Total 348,900 864,000 383,900 263,700 868,900 288.960

The principal articles of import and export, with their respective values, in thousands of kroner,
are shown as follows :



-Imports , « Exports *-



1894. 1895. 1898. 1894. 1895. 1896.

•Colonial goods 80,926 31,787 81,788 8,477 10,168 11,898

Beverages 4,284 5,108 5,467 1,989 8,228 2,713

Textile manufactures 41,692 41,574 42,645 5,414 5,494 6.384

Metals and hardware 84,096 41.695 44,268 5,473 5,984 9,041

Wood and manufactures 15,876 18,132 21,598 8,319 8,406 8,676

Ooal 28,489 82,146 22,138 1,817 1,759 £010

Animals 1,873 2,258 3,169 35,954 89,250 &44

Pork, butter, eggs, lard 40,488 85,917 85,485 149,807 166.050 160,744

Cereals !..".. 42,359 44,559 40,801 10,536 6,859 8^600

The following table shows the distribution of Danish foreign trade, in thousands of kroner :

-Imports » . Exports *-»



1894. 1895. 1896. 1894. 1895. 1898.

Germany 118,994 122,108 126,077 66.978 65.548 67,842

United Kingdom 68,651 70,694 78,264 152,642 155.876 169.664

Sweden and Norway 55.108 52,654 66,465 81,011 28,914 80.089

UnitedStates 13,648 10,085 17,083 935 2,808 1.758

Rest of America 5,123 1,635 614 285 110 170

Russia 42,566 89,607 32,839 2,428 8,046 6.6W

Holland 8,116 9,398 8,814 341 812 299

Belgium 6,427 6,892 6,555 1,010 972 780

Prance 5,669 6,995 7,975 1,754 964 1,974

Danish colonies 4,418 4,189 2,332 3,988 4,046 4,533

Free port of Copenhagen 18,704 26,810 7,541

Commerce with the United States.

1892. 1893. 1894. 1895. 1896. 1897. 1898.
Imports from the U.S. $8,370,676 $5,270,484 $5,050,837 $3,475,326 $6,557,448 $10,194,857 $12,097,421

Exports into the U.S.. 228,545 235,855 194,900 324,827 334,586 356,355 211,837



Shipping, Railroads, Telegraphs, Post-Office. (See index.)



Money and Banking.

The monetary unit, the krone of 100 tire, is of the value of 26.8 cents.
For gold and silver coins, see Index.

The standard of value is gold. Silver is legal tender up to 20 kroner.

Note.— For monetary system, see ** Year Book," Volume I, page 75.

On July 8L 1897, the accounts of the National Bank balanced at 137,038,708 kroner. The u.-
Included 32.720.ffil kroner in bullion and 19,345,500 in specie. The liabilities Included 88,000,000 kroner
note issue, 27,000,000 kroner of capital, and 3,000,000 kroner reserve fund. In Denmark there are about
60 other banks for commercial, agricultural, industrial, and other purposes. In 1896 there were 584
savings-banks, with 1,080,820 depositors, and deposits amounting to 626,228,438 kroner, or 606 kroner to
each account.

* •* General »» trade.



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NORWAY.



59



NORWAY.



The area of Norway is 124,445 square miles ; and at the census of 1881 the population was 2,000,217,
of which 76.3 per cent, were rural and 23.7 per cent, urban.

Emigration to the United State* was as follows : 1889, 12,507 ; 1890, 10,898 ; 1891, 13,249 ; 1892, 16,814 ;
1893, 18,690 ; 1894, 5,591 ; 1895, 6,153 ; 1896, 6,684.



Fiscal Affairs.



The following statement shows the principal items of the budgets of 1897 and 1898 :



1897.

Sources of Revenue. Kroner.

Income tax 3,900,000

Customs 24,000,000

Excise on spirits 4,000,000

Excise on malt 3,900,000

Succession tax 550,000

Stamps 663,000

Judicial fees 1,000,000

Mines 527,350

Post-offlce 3,750,000

Telegraphs 1,400,000

State property 2,876,284

Railways 8,712,000

Miscellaneous 5,448,737

Balance 3,975,629



1898.

T.

uo

00
00
I'O
00
00
00
00
00
00
54
IK)
74



Total 64,700,000 70,863,331



1897.

Branches of Expenditure. Kroner.

Civil list 349,682

Storthing 524,022

The Ministries 1,822,459

Church and education., 7,096,117

Justice 6,758,599

Interior 2,534,908

Post, telegraphs, etc 6,517,518

State railways 12,393,330

Roads, canals, ports, etc 4,139,161

Finance and customs 3,207,149

Mines 575,850

Amortization of debt 1,049,617

Interest of debt 5,683.986

A rmy 9,270,800

Navy 3,448,400

Foreign Affairs 706,235

Miscellaneous 122,167

balance



Kroner.

361,466

665,500
1,331,986
7,552,663
6,109,571
2,820,218
6,758,959
13,399,331
4,316,248
3,423,682

572,000
1,222,679
5,965,722
9,975,220
3,704,500

769,651
1,913,938



Total 64,700,000 70,863,331



The following shows the amortization, growth, and interest of the public debt, years ending

June30: ' a * *

Amount at

Year. Amortization. Growth. Interest. End of Year.

1898 591,160 3,959,330 124,950,005

\m" 681,948 *89,676,733 4,201,574 163,943,791

1895" ' 19,630,351 4,430,230 144.313,440

1896.*. 532,407 18,572,000 4,957,772 157,353,038

Of the total area, 75 per cent, is unproductive, 22 per cent, forest, and 3 per cent, under cultiva-
tion. At the end of 1890 there were 146,355 farms, mostly worked by their owners.

In 1890, the area under cereals was 185,605 hectares; potatoes, 39.128 hectares. The estimated
yield of cereals was 5,962,353 hectolitres; of potatoes, 8,441,403 hectolitres. The total value of the
produce was for cereals, 38,262,761 kroner ; for potatoes, 24,807,136 kroner.

The value of cereals imported (including flour) was 31,784,700 kroner in 1895 ; the principal article
being rye, 14,647,200 kroner. The import of butter amounted to 1,667,900 kroner, and of bacon and
meat to 7,261,900 kroner. The total value of the coastwise fisheries in 1884 was $6,187,261.

The total area covered with forests is estimated at 26.320 square miles, of which 73 per cent, is
under pine trees. The 8tate forests occupy 8,870 square miles, administered by a forest staff under
the supervision of the Ministry of the Interior. The value of unwrought or partly wrought timber
exported from Norway in 1895 was 27,777,800 kroner, and of wrought timber, 15,833,000 kroner.



Foreign Commerce.



The total imports and exports of Norwegian and foreign goods were as follows, in thousands of

kr0ner: 1890. 1891. 1892. 1893. 1894. 1895. 1896.

Imports (foreign) 208,659 223,024 199,987 204,569 205,990 222,310 240,217

Snorts (Norwegian).. 1 124,482 124,082 118,779 126,719 124,032 128,408 137,756

Exports (foreign* 6,664 6,300 7,645 9,368 7,964 8,*72 10,015



♦Of this amount 19431,560 kroner were applied to the redemption of a former loan.



Digitized by LjOOQ IC



60



THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



Animals, living

Animal produce (malty food)

Breadstuffs

Groceries

Fruits, plants, etc

Spirits, etc

Yarn, rope, etc

Textile manufactures, etc

Hair, skins, etc

Tallow, oils, tar, etc

Timber and wooden goods

Dyestuffs

Different vegetable produce

Paper and paper manufactures

Minerals, un wrought

Minerals, manufactured

Metals, un wrought, or partly wrought..

Metals, manufactured

Vessels, carriages, machinery, etc



-Imports

IbiM.

1,083

13.KI2

31,458

21,314

2,030

4,374

12,108



7,727

11,892

8,094

1,105

2,782

1.878

19,728

2,975

7,814

10,089

18,948



Total 205,990

Re-exports



sands of kroner, were as follows :




of Foreign Goods^


/—Exports Norw'n


Goods-v


l89o.


1896.


1894.


1895.


1896.


2,083


2,484


543


813


657


12,92,1


14,043


42,614


44,855


40,30*


32.195


35,743


764


286


294


26,047


26,4)6


14


18


22


3,321


3,780


131


208


63


4,721


6,155


216


148


26a


12,333


13,606


598


656


801


26,366


29,283


5,176


5,643


5,688



Online LibraryWilliam Usborne MooreThe Commercial year book → online text (page 10 of 125)