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4. Logwood extract 10

5. Silk satin and silk-faced cotton satins. . 10

6. Steel ingot and steel slab 5

7. Mousseline de laine, plain and white — 8}£

8. do do dyed and printed... 10

9. Woolen and worsted cloths of all kinds.. 10

Ad Valorem.
Per Cent.

10. Woolen cloth, pure wool 10

11. Woolen yarns. 8

12. Soap, ordinary 10

13. Candles, tallow and paraffin 10

1 4. Wines, including champagne 10

15. Printing machinery 5

16. Drawing instruments. 10

17. Jewelry, imitation 10

18. Lorgnettes 10

19. Perfumery 10

Conventional Tariff with Germany.









Ad Valorem.
Per Cent.

Velvet and velveteen 10

Cotton woven fabrics, pure and mixed. . 10

Lead, ingot or sheet 5

Amorphous phosphorus 10

Subnitrate of bismuth 10

Bromide. 10

8ulnine 8

hlorate of potash 10

Dynamite 10

Iodide of potash 10

Nitrate of potash 5

Salicylate of soda. 10

Telegraph wire 5

Iron and steel wire, also iron and steel
rod not exceeding & inch (English) in

diameter 10

Pig iron 6

Rail iron and steel 5

Iron bar, rod and plate or sheet 7V£

Steel do do do 7H

Ad Valorem.
Per Cent.

19. Galvanized sheet, corrugated or plain ... 10

2i). Leaf iron or leaf steel 10

21. Pipes and tubes 10

22. Uailroad passenger cars, and parts there-

of 5

23. Iron nails or wire uails 10

24. Screws, bolts, and nuts, iron or galva-

nized 10

25. Window glass, plain and unstained 8

26. do stained and polished 10

27. Aniline dyes 10

28. Alizarine dyes 10

29. Logwood extract 10

30. Paint in oil 10

31. Cotton yarns 8

82. Yarns made of linen, flax. Jute, wool,

and combed wool, for weaving pur-
poses 8

83. Yarns of any kind for weaving purposes. 8
34. do for all purposes 8

Digitized by




Ad Valorem.
Per Cent.

35. Yarns of all kinds not specified 10

96. Silk-faced cotton satins 10

37. Hops 6

38. Hats, felt 10

39. Rubber goods, manufactured 10

40. Linen fabrics 10

41. Sole leather 15

42. Other leather, all kinds 10

43. Locomotive engines, and parts thereof. . 5

44. Condensed or desiccated milk 5

45. Sterilized milk 5

46. Paper of all kinds 10

47. Paraffin oil 10

48. do wax 5

49. Portland cement 5

Ad Valorem.

50. Clocks, and parts thereof, excepting

watches 10

51. Blankets, woolen or mixed, provided wool

predominate* 10

52. Flannel, woolen or mixed, provided wool

predominates. 10

53. Mousseline de luine 10

54. Cloths, woolen or mixed, provided wool

predominates 10

55. Italian cloths 10

56. All other fabrics 10

57. Zinc, block, ingot, and slab 5

58. do in sheet 7H

59. Refined sugar 10

Conventional Tariff with Austria-Hungary.

Ad Valorem.
Per Cent.

1. Kitchen utensils, vessels, and enameled

ware made of iron and steel 10

2. Lamps, glass or metal, and all other acces-

sories 10

3. Bent- wood furniture, all kinds 10

4. Jewelry, imitation 10

Ad Valorem.
Per Cent.

5. Buttons of all kinds 10

6. Glassware and all glass manufactured

article?, excepting window glass 10

7. Insect powders 5

8. Horses free

Digitized by




34.— Battle-ship Maine ordered to Havana.


8.— Letter of Spanish Minister, Dupuy de Lome, published, containing Insulting rcf erenoes to the

10.— M { nister De Lome resigned.

14.— Luis 1 olo y Bernabe appointed Spanish Minister to the United States.
16.— Maine blown up in Havana harbor, and 286 lives lost.

17.— Board of Inquiry appointed to Investigate the cause of the Maine explosion.
21.— Board of Inquiry began its investigation in Havana.


0.— Congress passed a bill appropriating $50,000,000 for national defense.
10.— Minister Polo arrived in Washington.

12.— Naval Board appointed to recommend vessels for purchase by the Government.
19.— Battle-ship Oregon left San Francisco to join North Atlantic Squadron.
21.— Naval Board of Inquiry reported that Maine bad been destroyed by a submarine mine.


9.— Consul -General Lee and many other Americans left Havana.
11.— President sent to Congress a messaire advocating intervention in Cuba.
10.— Congress adopted a resolution demanding the expulsion of Spain from Cuba, as follows :

Resolutions of Congress Demanding the Expulsion of Spain from Cuba.

Whereas, The abhorrent conditions which have existed for more than three years in
the Island of Cuba. 8> near our own borders, have shocked the moral sense of the people of
the United States, have been a disgrace to Christian civilization, culminating, as they have,
in the destruction of a United States battle-ship, with two hundred and sixty -Six of its officers
and crew, while on a friendly visit in the harbor of Havana, and cannot longer be endured, as
has been set forth by the President of the United States in his message to Congress of April
U, 1808, upon which the action of Congress was invited ; therefore,

Retolved* (1) That the people of the Island of Cuba are, and of right ought to be, free
and independent.

(2) That it is the duty of the United States to demand, and the Government of the
United States does hereby demand, that the Government of Spain at once relinquish its
authority and government in the Island of Cuba and withdraw its land and naval forces from
Cuba and Cuban waters.

(3) That the President of the United States be, and he hereby is, directed and empowered
to use the entire land and naval forces of the Tnited States, and to call into actual service of
the United States the militia of the several States, to such extent as may be necessary to
carry the?e resolutions into effect.

(4) That the United States hereby disclaims any disposition or intention to exercise
sovereignty, jurisdiction, or control over said island, except for the pacification thereof, and
as-erts its determination, when that is accomplished, to leave the government and control of
the island to its people.

20.— Resolution signed by the President.
20.— President's ultimatum cabled to Madrid.

Letter of Instruction to Minister Woodford, Containing the President's Ultimatum.

Washington, April 20, 1888.
To Woodford, Minister, Madrid :

You have been furnished with the text of a joint resolution voted by the Congress
of the United States on the 10th instant- approved to-day— in relation to the pacification of
the Island of Cuba. In obedience to that act, the President directs you to immediately
communicate to the Government of Spain said resolution, with the formal demand of the
Government of the United States that the Government of Spain at once relinquish its au-
thority and government in the Island of Cuba, and withdraw its land and naval forces from
Cuba and Cuban waters. In taking this step the United States hereby disclaims any dis-
position or intention to exercise sovereignty, jurisdiction, or control over said Island, except
for the pacification thereof, and asserts its determination, when that is accomplished, to
leave the government and control of the island to its people, under such free and inde-
pendent government as they may establish.

1 If by the hour of noon on Saturdty next, the 28d day of April instant, there be not

communicated to this Government by that of Spain a full and satisfactory response to this
demand and resolution whereby the ends of peace in Cuba shall be assured, the President
will proceed without further notice to use the power and authority enjoined and conferred

I upon him by the said joint resolution to such extent as may be necessary to carry the same

into effect. Shkrman.

Digitized by LjOOQ IC


20.— Spanish Minister demanded his passports.

21.— Passports handed to United States Minister Woodford at Madrid.

21.— President directed cecretary of the Navy to blockade Havana and other Cuban ports.

23.— President issued a proclamation calling for 125,0U0 volunteers.

26.— Congress adopted a resolution declaring that war had existed since and including April 21.

27.— First action of the war. The New York, Puritan, and Cincinnati bombarded and silenced the

forts at Matanzas.
27.— Asiatic Squadron, under Commodore Dewey, sailed from Mirs Bay, China. It was composed of

the Olympia (flag), Baltimore* Raleigh, PetreU Concord, Boston, and McCulioch.
29.— Admiral Cervera's fleet sailed from the Cape de Verde Islands.


1.— Commodore Dewey destroyed the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay. The Reina Cristina, CastGla,
Don Antonio de UUoa, Don Juan de Austria, Isla de Luzon, Ida de Cuba, General Lezo,
Marque* del Duero, El Correo, Velasco. and Ida de Mindanao (transport), were burned or
sunk, and the tugs Hdpido and Hercules and several small launches were captured. The
Spanish loss, according to Admiral Montejo, was, including those at the arsenal, 381 killed
and wounded. Our loss was none killed, and 9 slightly wounded. No damage was done to
our ships.

11.— Engagement at Cardenas, Cuba. 8panish gunboats and masked shore batteries opened fire on
the blockading vessels, Machias, Wilmington, Window, and Hudson. Ensign worth Bagley
and 4 sailors were killed ; Lieutenant Bernadou and 20 others wounded.

12.— First land battle of the war occurred near Port Cabanas, Cuba. The transport steamer Oussie,
carrying members of the First Infantry, with arms, ammunition, and food for the in-
surgents, made a temporary landing at this place after a brief skirmish with the Spanish

12.— A portion of Admiral Sampson's squadron bombarded the defenses of San Juan, Porto Rico. Our
loss, 2 killed, 7 wounded ; our ships suffered no damage.

18, -The cruiser Charleston sailed from San Francisco to the Philippines.

19.— The Flying Squadron, under Commodore Schley, sailed from Key West to blockade Cieufuegoa.

19.— Cervera's Squadron found to be at Santiago, Cuba.

24.— The Oregon reached Jupiter Inlet, Florida.

25.— President issued a proclamation calling for 75,000 more volunteers.

25.— First relief expedition (2,500 men) for Manila left San Francisco.


1.— Admiral Sampson arrived off Santiago.

3.— Lieutenant Hobson sank the collier Merrimac in Santiago harbor to close the harbor's entrance.

These volunteers accompanied him : Osborn Delgnan, George A. Phillips, Francis Kelly,

George Chare tte, Daniel Montague, J. C. Murphy, Randolph Clausen. After sinking the

Merrimac they surrendered to the enemy.
10.— United States marines landed on eastern shore of Guantanamo Bay, Cuba,— the first permanent

landing by our forces on Cuban soil.
11-14.— Almost constant fighting between the marines and Spanish forces. Our loss was 6 killed and

3 wounded.
13.— President signed the War Revenue Act.

13.- Circular issued inviting subscriptions for $200,000,000 3 per cent, bonds.
13.— Lieutenant Blue returned from a detour of 70 miles of observation of Santiago harbor.
15.— Second expedition in aid of Dewey (4,200 men) sailed from San Francisco.
21.— Cruiser Charleston compelled the surrender of Guam, one of the Lad rone Islands.
28.— General Shafter's army landed, with little resistance, at Daiquiri, Cuba.
24.— The battle of Guasimas, between the Spanish and the unired States cavalry and "Rough

Riders." Spanish repulsed, with heavy loss. Our loss, 16 killed, 52 wounded.
27.— Third Manila expedition, consisting of the transport ships Indiana, Ohio, Morgan City, and

City of Para, sailed from San Francisco.
80.— First relief expedition arrived at Manila Bay.


1, 2, 8.— Capture by General Shafter's forces of El Caney and San Juan, two heights forming the

chief defenses of Santiago on the land side.
8.— Admiral Cervera's fleet, leaving Santiago harbor and attempting to pass our war-ships, destroyed
by Sampson's tleet. The Spanish vessels destroyed were the Infanta Maria Teresa, Vizcaya,
Cristdbal Colon, Almirante Oquendo, and the torpedo-destroyers Pluton and Furor. Casual-
ties on our side, 1 man killed, 10 wounded. Our ships suffered no serious injury. Admiral
Cervera, about 70 officers and 1,600 men were made prisoners, while about 860 Spaniards were
killed and 160 wounded.
«.— At night the Spanish cruiser Reina Mercedes sunk while steaming out of Santiago harbor.
6.— Hobson and his companions exchanged.

7.— German man-of-war Irene prevented Philippine insurgents from taking Isla Grande, in Subig
Bay. Dewey sent the Raleigh and Concord to their assistance, when the German boat with-
drew and the island was taken, together with 1,300 prisoners.
8.— Congress adjourned.
9.— General Miles sailed for Santiago.
10, 11. -Santiago bombarded by our fleet.
12.— General Miles reached General Shafter's headquarters.
13, 14.— Generals Miles and Shafter met Spanish commander under a flag of truce to discuss surrender

of Spanish forces.
17.— General Toral surrendered Santiago, with more than 23,000 men, and at noon the American flag
was hoisted over the Governor's Palace. Our losses about Santiago were : 23 officers and 287
enlisted men killed, 99 officers and 1,332 enlisted men wounded.
17.-Second expedition from San Francisco arrived at Manila.
18.— Embarkation of troops for Porto Rico begun at Tampa.

25.-Military expedition under General Miles landed on southern coast of Porto Rico.
25.— General Merritt arrived off Manila.

Digitized by



25.— French Ambassador at Washington, M. Jules Cambon, on behalf of Spain, presented a message

intended to open the door to negotiations for peace.
27. -United States Navy entered harbor of Ponce, Porto Rico.
28.— United States Army took possession of Ponce.
31.— Engagement between Spanish and American troops near Manila


4.— General Shafter's troops ordered to Montauk Point, Long Island, from Santiago.
5.— Engagement between United States and Spanish forces at Guayania, Porto Rico.
£-12.— Frequent conflicts in Porto Rico. Oar losses : 3 enlisted men killed ; 4 officers and 86 enlisted

men wounded.
9.— Spain formally accepted President's terms of peace.
12.— Protocol signed by Secretary Day and M. Cambon.
12.— Proclamation by President ordering suspension of hostilities.

13.— Manila attacked by United States Army and Navy, and captured. There were surrendered to
us about 13,000 prisoners and 22,000 stand of arms. Losses of our army about Manila : 17
enlisted men killed; 10 officers and 06 enlisted men wounded.
20.— Naval parade in New York harbor, when the cruisers and battle-ships New YorK Iowa, Indiana*

Brooklyn, Massachusetts. Oregon,, and Texas passed in review.
25.— General Shafter left Santiago ; last of his army embarked next day.
30. -General Merritt sailed from Manila for Paris to confer with Peace Commissioners.
31.— Orders issued looking to release of Spanish naval prisoners.


9.— American Peace Commissioners named. They were William R. Day, of Ohio ; Cushman K.

Davis, of Minnesota ; William P. Frye, of Maine ; Whitelaw Reid, of New York, and George

Gray, of Delaware.
12.— Admiral Cervera and other Spanish naval prisoners sailed for Spain.
15.— 8panish Peace Commissioners are named. They were So ft or Montero Rios, President of the

Senate; Senor Abarzuza, Senor Villa-Urrutia, Spanish Minister to Belgium ; Senor J. de

G arnica, and General Cerero.
17.— United States Peace Commissioners sailed for Paris.
20.— Spanish troops began to evacuate Porto Rico.


1.— First session of the Peace Commission in Paris.
18.— United States took formal possession of Porto Rico.


10.— Treaty of Peace signed in Paris by all the United States and Spanish Commissioners.

January 4, 1899.— Treaty of Peace laid before the Senate by the President for ratification. The text
of the treaty is as follows :


The United States of America and Her Majesty the Queen Regent of Spain, in the name of her august

son, Don Alfonso XIII, desiring to end the state of war now existing between the two countries,

have for that purpose appointed as plenipotentiaries:
The President of the United States:

William R. Day, Cushman K. Davis, William P. Frye, George Gray, and Whitelaw Reid, citizens
of the United States;
And Her Majesty the Queen Regent of Spain :

Don Eugenio Montero Rios, President of the 8enate ; Don Buenaventura de^barzuza, Senator
of the Kingdom and ex-Minister of the Crown; Don Jose de Garnica. Deputy^o thcCortes and
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court ; Don Wenoeslao Ramirez de Villa-Urrutia, Envoy Extraor-
dinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Brussels, and Don Rafael Cerero, General of Division.
Who, naving assembled in Paris and having exchanged their full powers, which were found to be in

due and proper form, have, after discussion of the matters before them, agreed upon the fol-
lowing articles:

Article I.— Spain relinquishes all claim of sovereignty over and title to Cuba.

And as the island is, upon its evacuation by Spain, to be occupied b> the United States, the
United States will, so long as such occupation shall last, assume and discharge the obligations that
may under international law result from the fact of its occupation for the protection of life and

Art. n.— Spain cedes to the United States the Island of Porto Rico and other islands now under
Spanish sovereignty in the West Indies, and the Island of Guam in the Marianas or Lad rones.

Art. III.— Spain cedes to the United States the archipelago known as the Philippine Islands,
and comprehending the islands lying within the following lines :

A line running from west to east along or near the twentieth parallel of north latitude, and
through the middle of the navigable channel of Bachi, from the one hundred and eighteenth
(118th) to the one hundred and twenty-seventh (127th) degree meridian of longitude east of Green-
wich, thence along the one hundred and twenty-seventh (127th) degree meridian of longitude east
of Greenwich to the parallel of four degrees and forty-flve minutes (4:45) north latitude to its
intersection with the meridian of longitude one hundred and nineteen degrees and thirty-five
minutes (119:36) east of Greenwich, thence along the meridian of longitude one hundred and
nineteen degrees and thirty-five minutes (119:35) east of Greenwich to the parallel of latitude
seven degrees and forty minutes (7:40) north, tnence along the parallel of latitude seven degrees
and forty minutes (7:40) north to its intersection with the one hundred and sixteenth (116th)
degree meridian of longitude east of Greenwich, thence by a direct line to the intersection of
the tenth <10th) degree parallel of north latitude with the one hundred and eighteenth (118th) d?

Digitized by



gree meridian of longitude east of Greenwich, and thence along the one hundred and eighteenth
(118th) degree meridian or longitude east or Greenwich to the point of beginning.

The United States will pay to Spain the sum of twenty million dollars ($30,000,000) within three
months after the exchange of the ratifications or the present treaty.

Art. I V.— The United States will, tor ten years from the date of exchange of ratifications of
the present treaty, admit Spanish ships and merchandise to the ports of the Philippine Islands on
the same terms as ships and merchandise of the United States.

Art. V.— The United States will, upon the signature of the present treat/, send back to Spain,
at its own cost, the Spanish soldiers taken as prisoners of war on the capture of Manila by the Amer-
ican forces. The arms of the soldiers in question shall be restored to them.

Spain will, upon the exchange of the ratifications of the present treaty, proceed to evacuate
the Philippines, as well as the Island of Guam, on terms similar to those agreed upon by the Com-
missioners appointed to arrange tor the evacuation of Porto Rico and other islands in the Went
Indies under the protocol of August 12, 18U8, which is to continue in force till its provisions are
completely executed.

The time within which the evacuation of the Philippine Islands and Guam shall be completed
shall be fixed by the two Governments. Stands of colors, uncaptured war vessels, small arms, guns
of all calibers, with their carriages and accessories, powder, ammunition, live stock, and materials
and supplies of all kinds helonging to the land and naval forces of 8paininthe Philippines and
Guam, remain the property of Spain. Pieces of heavy ordnance, exclusive of field artillery, in the
fortifications and coast defenses shall remain in their emplacements for the term of six months, to
be reckoned from the exchange ot the ratifications of the treaty ; and the United States may, in the
mean time, purchase such material from Spain if a satisfactory agreement between the two Govern-
ments on the subject shall be reached.

Art. VI.— Spain will, upon the signature of the present treaty, release all prisoners of war and
all persons detained or imprisoned for political offenses in connection with the insurrections In Cuba
and the Philippines and the war with the United States.

Reciprocally, the United States will release all prisoners made prisoners of war by the American
forces, and will undertake to obtain the release of all Spanish prisoners in the hands of the insurgents
in Cuba and the Philippines.

The Government of the United States will at its own cost return to Spain, and the Government
of Spain will at its own cost return to the United States. Cuba, Porto Klo", and the Philippines,
according to the situation of their respective homes, prison*. rs released or caused to be released by
them respectively under this article.

Art. VII.-The United States and 8 pain mutually relinquish claims for indemnity, national
and individual, of every kind, of either Government, or of its citizens or subjects, against the other
Government, which may have arisen since the beginning of the late insurrection in Cuba and prior
to the exchange of ratifications of the present treaty, including all claims for indemnity for cost of
war. The United states will adjudicate and settle the claims of its citizens against Spain relinquished
in this article.

Akt. VIII.— In conformity with the provisions of Articles I, II, and III* of this treaty, Spain
relinquishes in Cuba and cedes in Porto Rico and other islands in the West Indies, in the Island of
Guam, and in the Philippine archipelago, all the buildings, wharves, barracks, forts, structures,
public highways, and other immovable property which in conformity with law belong to the public
domain, and as such belong to the Crown of Spain.

And it is hereby declared that the relinquishment or cession, as the case may be. to which the

preceding paragraph refers, cannot in any respect impair the property or rights which by law belong
to the i>eacef ul possession of property of all kinds, of provinces, municipalities, public or private
establishments, ecclesiastical or civic bodies, or any other associations having legal capacity to

acquire and possess property in the aforesaid territories renounced or ceded, or of private individuals,
of whatsoever nationality such individuals may be.

The aforesaid relinquishment or cession, as the case may be. includes all documents exclusively
referring to the sovereignty relinquished or ceded that may exist in the archives of the Peninsula.
Where any document in such archives only in part relates to said sovereignty, a copy of such part
will be f urnished whenever it shall be requested. Like rules shall be reciprocally observed in favor
of Spain in respect of documents in the archives of the islands above referred to.

In the aforesaid relinquishment or ctssiou, as the case may be, are also included such rights as
the Crown of Spain and its authorities possess in respect of the official archives and 1 records, execu-
tive as well as judicial, in the islands above referred to, which relate to said islands or the rights and
property ot their inhabitants. Such archives and records shall be carefully preserved, and private
personsshall, without distinction, have the right to require, in accordance with the law, authenti-
cated copies of the contracts, wills, or other instruments forming part of notarial protocols or files,
or which may be contained In the executive or Judicial archives, be the latter in Spain or in the
islands aforesaid.

Art. IX.— Spanish subjects, natives of the Peninsula, residing in the territory over which

Online LibraryWilliam Usborne MooreThe Commercial year book → online text (page 109 of 125)