William Usborne Moore.

The Commercial year book online

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silver is 1 to 15%. w t AU

The coinage of silver is suspended. The mint charge for gold Is one per cent. Such is the
system as it exists on paper, but the actual coined money of the country is in a very unsatisfactory
condition.

For gold and silver coins, see Index.



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GREECE.



67



GREECE.



The area of Greece is 25,014 square miles.

At the census of 1879, the population (including that of Thessaly in 1881) was 1,973,768 ; in 1889,
2,187,208 ; in 1896, 2,488,806, or 97.3 population per square mile.

The areas and populations by provinces will be found in previous issues of the " Commercial
Year Book."

There are large numbers of Greeks in the Ottoman Empire, raising the whole Greek nationality
to over 8,000,000, as under: Greece, about 2,200.000; Asia Minor, 2,000,000; Crete, Cyprus, and other
Ottoman islands, 400,000; European Turkey, 3,500,000; total, 8,100,000.



For 1897 the budget estimate of revenue and expenditure was as follows :



Sources of Revenue.

Direct taxes

Customs and excise

Stamps and dues

Monopolies

State property

Sales

Repayments

Arrears

Light-houses

International telegraphs

Elementary instruction

Municipal contributions

Ex traordinary



Total.



il.
164

.52
75
06
162
SO
SO
00
00
00
00
00
00



96,343,939



Branches of Expenditure.

Public debt

Pensions ,

Civil list

Chamber of Deputies ,

Ministries-
Foreign Affairs ,

Justice ,

Interior

Instruction, etc ,

Army

Marine

Finance ,

Collecting revenue

Various



Total.



Drachma!.

21,690,895

5,742,600

1,325.000

490,320

2,224,479
5,364,325

18,930,935
5,647,543

16,345,311
7,000,487
1,523.952
8,963,478
3,503,240

98^852,665



For five previous years the actual receipts and expenditures were as follows :



1889.
1890..
1891.,
1892..
1893.,



Year.



Ordinary.

Drachma!.
83,269,911
79,548,045
89,725,769
94.882.884
96,731,44



-Revenue-



Extraordinary.
Drachma!.
99,800,878
43.224,000
12,900,000
10,999,890
9,739,157



Total.
Drachma!.
182,570.284
122,772,048
102,625,769
106,882,774
106,470,571



Expenditure.
Drachma!.
107,817,616
129.858,578
125.106,600
107,679,604
101,563,761



The receipts for 1894 are given as 102,895,141 drachma! ; for 1898, revenue, 97.100,400, and expend-
iture, 90,901,700 drachmai.



On January 1, 1897, the outstanding public debt of Greece was as follows :



Consolidated

Amortizable

Floating (Treasury bonds).

Forced currency

Fractional currency



Gold Drachmai.

155.000.000

470,034,822

14,194,086

16,800,000



Total.



656,028.888



Paper Drachmai.
31,801,295
84.644,248
14,000.000
74,200,000
14.000,000



168,645.543



The details of the above, which are practically the same for 1897 as in 1895, will be seen In the
** Commercial Year Book " for 1898.

The annual interest being paid at the beginning of 1897 was 8,477,534 drachmai gold and 4,520,158
drachmai paper; the interest on the external debt being reduced 80 per cent, of amount due; that
on the monopoly loan to 48 per cent., and that on other internal debts to 83 per cent.

Greece agrees to pay to Turkey a war indemnity of £T4,000,000, ana to accept international
control in financial matters.

Greece is mainly an agricultural oountry. In 1893 the agricultural production was approxi-
mately as follows : Cereals, 20,250,000 bush. ; tobacco, 16,000,000 lbs. ; vineyards, 66,000,000 gall. ; currants,
350,000,000 lbs. ; olives, 15,000,000 lbs. ; figs, etc., 60,000,000 lbs.



Commerce.

The imports and exports, including bullion and specie, are as follows, in thousands of drach-

1890. 1891. 1892. 1893. 1894. 1895. 1896.

General imports 153,657 155,515 116,042 97,943 119,088 118,160 124,913

Special imports 120,786 140,360 119,306 91,485 109,959 109,610 116,276

General exports 11(2,144 110,444 85.965 f*4,849 80.335 74,618 73,293

Special exports 95,792 107,490 82,261 88,034 74,291 72,183 72,477



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68



THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



The special commerce with the leading countries is shown below, in thousands of drachma! :



Russia

Germany

Holland

Belgium

United Kingdom

France

Italy

Austria-Hungary

Roumania.

Turkey (Europe and Asia)... .
United States

Total, all countries...



1890.

21,408
5,651
1,861
4,009

33^87

10,255
5,100

16,691
523

18,924
1,667

120,786



- Imports -

1895.

28,416

8,440

467

1,435

30,774

6.791

2.449

13,887

654

9,684

8,707



109,610



1896.

24,141

10,209

939

2,745
29,447

8,523

2,906
11,842

1,514
14,423

4,502

116,276



1890.
917
2,372
3,178
6,008



21,440
1,518
8,598
302
9,878
5,702

95,792



rts-



Ezpor
1805.
5,310
5,087
8,107
7,831
16,833
7,975
6,841
5,957
969
8,804
2,350

72,188



1896.
7,617
3,334
3,230
8£»
18,197
6,505
3,969
6,942
817
7,925
2,681

72,477



The imports and exports of some of the leading articles are shown as follows, in thousands of
drachma!:



Imports.

Cereals

Woven tissues

Coal and raw materials. .

Woods

Drugs and chemicals....

Pish products

Sugar



1895.

27,589

20,831

13,052

4,635

4,668

4,154

2,909



1896.
29,202
22,954
14,244
5,387



4,864
3,786



Currants.

Ores

Wine

Figs

Olive oil.
Tobacco..
Acorns...



Exports.



1805.
21,807
18,627
4,476
2,884
3,183
2,011
2,346



1896.
23^08
14,618
5,438
3,547



2,704

2,412



The trade in merchandise with the United States is shown as follows, for the years ending
June 30 :



1893. 1894.

Imports into United States $1,283,557 $797,281

Exports from United States. . . . 130,461 124,449



1895.

$327,201

152,544



1896.

$720,386

191,046



1897.

$782,702

110,763



1898.

$910,390

127,550



Shipping, Railroads, Telegraphs, Post-Office. (See index.)



Greece has a bimetallic monetary system, and its coins conform to the standard of the Latin
Union. The ratio between the two metals is 15-U to 1. The coinage of gold is unlimited and that of
silver suspended. The coinage charge is 7 4-9 francs per kilogramme fine for gold and 1% francs per
kilogramme line for silver. Gold coins and the 5-franc silver pieces are unlimited legal tender.

For gold and silver coins, see Index.

— ^^The situation of the National Bank of Greece on August 81, 1897, was as follows: Gold and
silver on hand, 1,700.000 drachmai ; notes to bearer in circulation, 137.500,000 drachma! ; private accounts
current and deposits, 41,800,000 drachmai; portfolio, 13,000,000 drachmai ; advances on real property,
37,400,000 draohmal; advances on personal property, 3,200,000 drachmai; funds abroad, 6,400,000
drachmai.



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SEBVIA.



69



SERVIA.



The Kingdom of Servia has an area of 19,060 square miles. It is divided into fifteen provinces,
with a total population in 1695 of 2,288^59 persons. The population consists of 86.48 per cent, rural,
and 18.62 per cent, in cities. The occupations of the people are 16.81 per cent, in trade ; 10.82 per cent,
in occupations connected with food ; 16.22 per cent, connected with clothing- ; 14.20 per cent, con-
nected with molding of iron and metal work ; 4.31 per cent, teachers and clergy ; 8.16 per cent,
officials. As to race, in 1891 there were 1,955,944 Servians (who. according to language, are Slavonic by
race), 143,684 Roumanians, 37,581 Gypsies, 6,878 Germans, 2,929 Albanians and Turks, 4,510 Jews, 1,359
Bulgarians, 9,676 other foreigners.

The revenues and expenditures of Servia have been estimated as follows :

Revenue. Expenditure.
Year. Dinars. Dinars.

1890 46,196,864 46,196,864

1891 57,527,084 57,527,084

1892 60,135,840 60,107,472

1893 70,076,902 72,205,800

« On January 1, 1896, the public debt amounted to 408,287,000 dinars, 355,202,000 being at 4 per cent.
£1,000.000 in four per cents, were issued in 1897.

Servia is almost exclusively an agricultural country, the land being distributed almost entirely,
among peasant owners, whose holdings are mostly from 10 to 30 acres.

The country has considerable mineral resources, including various kinds of coal, the total pro-
duction of coal in 1891 having been 87,650 tons. Besides coal, there are iron, lead, silver, zinc, quick-
silver, antimony, gold, asbestos, copper, and oil shales. Many concessions have been made to com-
panies and private persons for working mines, and mining operations are also carried on by the State



Year.

1894

1895


Revenue.
Dinars.
59,220,034
68,755,600
63,669,720
63,669,720


Expenditure.

Dinars.

64,057,973

63.623,868


1896 (estimated)....

1897 (estimated)....


63,355,607
63,355,607



The value of the foreign trade is shown as follows, in dinars :



Year. Imports. Exports. Transit.

1890 38,044,748 45,840,655

1891 42,806,000 52,480,000 18,368,000

1802 87,069,634 46,451,656 17.635,000

1893 40,922,584 48,910,435 16,349,000



Year. Imports.

1894 84,&1,000

1895 28,230,715

1896 33,447,869



Exports.
46,088,000
43,890.451
53,285,969



Transit.
18,037,368
24,868,872
16,844,088



The values of the leading imports and exports are shown as follows, in thousands of dinars :

* Imports » » Exports >

1894. 1895. 1896. 1894. 1895. 1896.

Agricultural produce and fruits 1,493 1,149 1,217 13,095 16,046 23,427

Animals and animal produce 309 296 443 26,727 18,983 22,333

Colonial produce 8,431 3,424 8.584 2 5 1

Hides, skins, leather, etc 2,916 1,663 2,558 2,641 3,718 2,952

Cotton goods 6,759 4,365 6,961 1,283 843 913

Wool and woolen goods 3,057 2^19 3,400 85 149 161

Poods and drinks 1,461 858 532 820 2,414 2,101

Metals 3,320 2,309 2,885 343 220 273

Apparel 810 1,951 2,333 5 10 11

Pottery, glass, etc 2,198 2,186 2,024 213 150 170

Wood and woodwork 1,841 1,171 1,339 668 556 624

Banking is conducted by various establishments, of which, in 1890, there were 43. The principal
is the privileged National Bank of the Kingdom of Servia, in Belgrade, with a paid-up capital of 20,-
000,000 dinars. It is entitled to issue bank-notes, of which there were, in 1889, 28,597,840 dinars in circu-
lation, with a metallic reserve of 4,596,000 dinars. Besides the National Bank, there were, in 1894, 5 bank
establishments, 27 bank associations, and 28 savings-banks. . ,

Servia accepted, by the law of June 20, 1875, the French decimal system for its moneys, weights,
and measures. The Servian dinar is equal to one franc. In circulation are gold coins of 10 and 20
dinars (milan d'or); silver coins of 6,2,1, and 0.5 dinar; copper of 10 and 5, and nickel of 20, 10,
and 5 paras.

For Railroads, Telegraphs, and Post-Office, see Index.



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70



THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



MONTENEGRO.



The area of Montenegro is estimated to embrace 3,630 English square miles. The total popula-
tion was stated in official returns to number 230,000 in 1879 ; a recent estimate puts it at 200,000. The
population is mainly pastoral and agricultural. The Montenegrins belong almost entirely to the
Servian branch of the Slav race.

No official returns are published regarding the public revenue and expenditure. Estimates
state the former at 600,000 Austrian florins, derived chiefly from land and cattle taxes, the salt monop-
oly, and customs duties. Montenegro owes to the Lander Bank of Vienna a sum of one million
florins, borrowed at 6 per cent.

The cultivated land is mostly the property of the cultivators, the Croatian system of domestic
communism being generally prevalent. In some districts, however, the land is split up into diminu-
tive peasant holdings, while in a few the metayer system is met with, but large estates nowhere exist.
The principal crops grown are maize, tobacco (450,000 lbs. in 1894), oats, potatoes, barley, and buck-
wheat.

The customs tariff is 6 per cent, ad valorem on all merchandise, with the exception of certain
prohibited articles. The exports are valued at about £120,000. imports at £20,000. The principal
exports are sumach, flea powder, smoked sardines, smoked mutton, cattle, sheep, goats, cheese, wool,
hides, skins and furs, honey, beeswax, wood for walking-sticks, etc., olive oil, wine, tobacco.

Montenegro has no railroads, and has only 280 miles of telegraph.

Montenegro has no coinage of its own, Austrian paper being the principal medium of exchange.
Turkish silver is also current, and French and English gold circulates freely at a rate of exchange
fixed from time to time by the Government. There is no bank of any kind in the country.



ROUMANIA.



The estimated area and population of Rou mania are : Area, 48,307 square miles, and population
(1893), including Dobruja, is 5,800,000. Included in the population of Hou mania proper are 4H million
Roumanians, about 3u0,0ii0 Jews, 200,000 Gypsies, 50,000 Bulgarians, 20,000 Germans, 37.400 Austrians,
20,000 Greeks, 15,000 Armenians, 2,000 French, 1,500 Magyars, 1,000 English, besides about 8,000 Italians,
Turks. Poles, Tartars, etc.

The chief sources of revenue consist in direct and indirect taxes, and the profits derived from
the extensive State domains and valuable salt mines, and from the salt and tobacco monopolies. The
following table shows the revenue and expenditure for the last six years ending March 31 (old style):



1890-91. 1891-92. 1892-98. 1893-94. 1894-95.

Lei Lei Lei Lei Lei

Revenue 170,353, 79tt 180,147,096 182,095^596 219,597,336 199,620,405

Expenditure.... 162,116,869 168,404,894 178,532,004 199,261,159 209,985.905

The following are the budget estimates for 1897-98 :



Revenue.

Direct taxes

Indirect taxes ,

State monopolies

Ministries-
Agriculture, etc

Public Works

Interior

Finance..

War

Instruction und Worship..

Foreign Affairs

Justice

Various



Lei.

33,610,000
61,160,000
50,170,000

25,383,000

16,838,000

10,242,000

4,570,000

1,325,000

200,000

160,000

200,000

11,293,000



Total 215,153,000



Expenditure.

Public debt

Council of Ministers

Ministries-
War

Finance

Worship and Public Instruction..

Interior

Public Works

Justice

Agriculture, etc.

Foreign Affairs

Supplementary credit



1895-96.
Lei.

202,507.632
216,560,567



Lei.
79,215.000
66,500

44,470,000

25,325,000

27,084,000

18,611,000

5,642,000

6,613.000

6.147,000

1,635.000

444,000



Total 215,153,000



The public debt amounted to 1,240,432,700 lei in 1897.

Of the total population of Rou man la, 70 per cent, are employed in agriculture.



There are about



700,000 heads of families who are freehold proprietors. Of tne total area, 68 per cent, is productive,
and 29 per cent, under culture, 21 per cent, under grass, and 16.9 per cent, under forest. In 1896, the
various cereal crops were: Wheat, 1,505,210 hectares, 25,088.700 hectolitres; maize, 1,939,080 hectares,
23,056.700 hectolitres; barley, 607,700 hectares, 11,201,700 hectolitres; oats, 281,870 hectares. 5,187,300 hec-
tolitres; rye, 243,400 hectares, 4,305.100 hectolitres. Colza, flax, and hemp are also cultivated. The
area under tobacco was 5,700 hectares, yielding 40,590 quintals ; vines, 145,740 hectares, yielding 4,627,800
hectolitres wine ; plums, 52,020 hectares, yielding 967,250 hectolitres.



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ROUMANIA.



71



The following table shows the value of the commerce, in thousands of lei :



Imports.
Exports.



1890.
962.791
275.958



1891.
486,682
274,681



1892.
880,747
285,884



1898.
480,490
870,652



1894.
422,142
294.108



1895. 1696.

804,576 387,928

265,048 424,067



According to Roumanian returns, the value of the commerce of the leading countries with
which Roumania deals was as follows, in thousands of lei :



/—Imports from-> /—Exports to-%

1896. 1896. 1895. 1896.

Germany 80,812 95,807 26,154 17,008

Great Britain.. 58,984 7*4,867 75,868 111,931

Austria 86,208 92,863 42,006 32,697

France 25,509 25,888 6,682 8,788



Belgium 14,720

Turkey 14,761

Russia 9,505

Italy 6,069



/-Imports from^ -— Rxporte to->
1895. 1896. 1895. 1896.

9.889 75,579 113,849
15,471 14,168 15,494
8,121 9,245 6,150
7.885 10,681 10,840



The values of the leading imports and exports in 1896 were as follows, in thousands of lei :



Imports. Exports.

Textiles 150,900 2,800

Metals and metal goods. . . 61,200 2,500

Hides, leather, etc 15.100 1,200

Wood 6,400 7,400

Glass and pottery 8.100 200

Chemicals 15,400 400

OU, wax, etc 6,800 100

Cereals 4,800 276,500



Imports. Exports.

Animals and products 9,200 10,800

Fruits, vegetable*, etc 28,400 14,700

Drinks 1,000 2,400

Paper 6,100 200

Fuel 9,400 1,900

Various 20.800 3,500

Total 837,900 824,100



In 1896, the merchant navy consisted of 299 vessels of 61,078 tons, including 28 steamers of 1,064
tons.

The navigation of the Danube is carried on under international regulations. From its mouths
to the Iron Gates it is regarded as an international highway, the interests of the several States being
specially provided for. The arrangement lasts for 21 years from April, 1888. In 1895, 1,619 vessels of
1,564,698 tons cleared from the Danube at Sulina.

For Railroads, Telegraphs, Post-Office, see Index.

The decimal monetary system was introduced into Roumania in 1876, the unit of the monetary
system being the leu, equivalent to the franc. The monetary standard is gold.

For gold and silver coins, see Index.

The Bank of Roumania is the chief financial institution. It is a State bank, with a capital of
30,000,000 lei, of which the Government furnishes 10,000,000 lei. The Bank has the sole privilege of
issuing notes. The circulation must be covered by securities or other valuables which can be easily
converted into cash, and the Bank must hold a metallic reserve amounting to at least one-third of the
outstanding notes.

On October 28, 1895, the outstanding circulation was 154,065,862 lei, and the reserve in gold 87,571,-
001 lei. and in silver 2^89,403 lei.



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72



THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



BULGARIA.



The estimated area of the Principality of Bulgaria proper is 24,360 English square miles, and of
South Bulgaria (or Eastern Boumelia) 13,500 square miles. By a census taken on January 1, 1898, the
population of the whole Principality was ascertained to be 8,309.816: the population of Eastern Rou-
melia being 992,386. The great majority of the inhabitants live by the cultivation of the soil and the
produce of their flocks and herds.

The budget estimates for 1397 were : Revenue, 83,425,019 levs (francs) ; expenditure, 82,422,659 leva.
The chief items of revenue were : Direct taxes, 33,731,145 levs ; customs and excise, 31,080,000 levs. The
chief items of expenditure were : Public debt, 18,267,992 levs: finance, 4,991,940 levs; interior, 8,380.876
levs : public instruction, 9,188,660 levs : war, 22,104,000 levs. The public debt consists of 10,000,000 leva,
besides a loan of 46,100,000 levs in 1886 for the purchase of Varna-Rustchuk Railway, a loan of 30,000,000
levs in 1889, and a loan of 142,000,000 levs in 1892 <of which 72,000,000 only have yet been paid over). The
total amount of these loans in January, 1897, was 169,814,404 levs, while the total assets of the State
amounted to 157,200,806 levs. Besides these liabilities, there are the Russian occupation debt of 1,000,-
4W0J, the East Roumelian tribute, the Bulgarian tribute, and the still undetermined share or the
Turkish debt.

The principal agricultural product is wheat, which is largely exported. There are (1892) 5.359,900
acnes arable, 770,400 meadow, 237.120 vineyard, 111,120 market garden, etc. ; woods and forests, 3,291,100.
The total cultivated area is 9,770,700 acres; uncultivated but tit for cultivation, 13,651,800; unfit for
cultivation, 1,099,150. There are about 400,000 proprietors of land, and the rural population not pos-
sessing land numbers about 2,329,900.

The public debt consists of a loan of 46.777,500 levs in 1886 for purchase of Varna-Rustchuk Rail-
way (42,063,500 levs outstanding in January, 1897) ; a loan of 30,000.000 levs in 1888-9 (27,440.000 outstand-
ing); one of 142,780,900 lev* in 1892, of which 76,090,000 have been issued ; there has also been received
an advance of 10,000,010 levs on account of a further issue of this loan ; the Russian occupation debt,
11,918^296 levs outstanding; the East Roumelian tribute debt to the Ottoman Government, 6,785,208 leva.

The total value of the imports into Bulgaria in 1896 amounted* to 76,530,278 levs or francs, as
compared with 69,020^95 frs. for 1895. The exports for 1896 were valued at 108,739,977 frs., against
77.68a.546f rs. in 1895. The following table shows the trade by countries, in thousands of levs or franca :



United K'dom.

Austria.

Turkey

France

Russia.


^Imports f rora-^
1895. 1896.
15,266 18,209
21,766 22,394
8,019 9,924
3,005 3,358
3,401 4,300
8,759 8,590
1,923 2.253
1,936 2,641


-—Exports to-^

1895. 1896.

14,198 32,832

3,223 2,721

22,606 22,087

13,026 13,984

71 74

13,428 20,454

597 416

1,195 1,885


I Belgium

Switzerland

8ervia

United States..
Greece...., ....
Other count r's.

Total


/—Import

1895.

1,608

547

1,078

144

479

290


isfrom^

1896.

2,226

763

1,042

210

356

273

76,580


r-Expoi

1895.

5,824

3

98

28

91

3,898

77,686


rts to-%
1896.
8,516

"«6

'283


Germany

Kou mania.

Italy


5,398


69,020


108,740



The chief imports in 1896 were: Textiles, 26,467,000 levs; colonial goods, 6,575,000 levs; metals,
8,788,000 levs; machinery, 2,611,000 levs; timber and furniture, 4,124,000 levs. Chief exports: Grain,
94,069 levs ; live stock, 4&7,0O01evs.

The number of vessels entered at the port of Varna in 1896 was 795, of 496,331 tons; and 793, of
468,687 tons, cleared ; at Bourgas, 489 vessels, of 347,285 tons, entered.

For Railroads, Post-Offices, Telegraphs, see Index.

There is a National Bank of Bulgaria, with headquarters at Sofia and branches at Phtlippqpolia.
Rustchuk, and Varna; its capital is $2,000,000, provided by the State, a reserve fund of $150,000, and
$80,000 notes in circulation. The Ottoman Bank has a branch at Philippopolis, and in each district there
is an agricultural bank under control of the Government. There are nickel and bronze stotiokl
(centimes), silver coins of H, 1,2, and 5 levs (francs) ; the notes of the National Bank circulate at par.



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INDIA.



73



ASIA.



INDIA.



Area and Population.

British Territory.

Area in No.

Square Dis- Population

British Provinces. Miles, tricts. in 1881.

Ajmere 2,711 2 460,722

Assam 49,004 13 4,881,428

Bengal 151,548 47 66,750,520

BerArs 17,718 6 2,672,673

Bombay 125,144 25 16,605,967

Burmah 171,430 36

Central Provinces 86.601 18 9,838.791

Coorg 1,583 1 178,302

Madras 141,189 21 80,827,113

N. W. Provinces and Oude 107,503 49 44,160,507

Punjab 110,667 32 18,843,186

Quetta, etc

Andaman a .. 14,628

Total British Provinces 964,993 250 198,860,606



Population

in 1891.

642,358

5,476,833

71,846,987

2,897,491

18.901,123

7,605,560

10,784,294

173,055

35.630,440

46,905.085

20,866.847

27,270

15,009

221,172,952



Native States not under direct British administration :

' Area in Population, Population,

Square Miles. 1881. 1891.

Total States 695,167 54,932,908 66,060,479

Total India 1,560,160 253.793,514 287,228,481



Increase.
81,636

595,407
4,598,467

224,818
2,895,158

"945,503

-5^47

4,803,327

2,754.578

2,023,881

27.270

981

22,312,846



Pop. per
8q. Mile.

1891.

200

112

471

164

151
44

125

109

252

438

189



229



Densitv
per Square
Increase. Mile.

11.117,571 111

83,429,917 184



For details of States and Provinces, consult " Commercial Year Book " for 1898, Vol. III.



Population by Occupations (000's omitted).



State and local administrations. 5,800

Defense 664

Service of foreign States 500

Provision and care of cattle 8,646

Agriculture 171,735

Personal, household, and sanitary ser-
vices 11,220

Food, drink, and stimulants. 14,576

Light, firing, and forage 3,522

Buildings. 1,438

Vehicles and vessels 147

Articles of supplementary requirement 1,149

Textile fabrics and d ross 12.61 1

Metals and precious stones 3,821



Glass, pottery, and stone ware 2,361

W 4,298

Di 392

Le 3,286

Co 4,686

Tr 3.953

Le s 5,672

Sp 141

Ea 25,468

Ui 1,663

In 4,774

Total 287,223



Fiscal Affairs.



The subjoined table gives, in tens of rupees (Rx.), the total gross amount of the actual revenue



Online LibraryWilliam Usborne MooreThe Commercial year book → online text (page 12 of 125)