William Usborne Moore.

The Commercial year book online

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•4,887,737

9,514,256

109,077

9,482,179

10,836,872

20,268,551

12,877,067

32,645,618

4,990,416

27,716^03

834,836

28,550,039

8,550,089

25,006,000

26,000,000

26.000,000

25,000,000



Agriculture.



The statement following shows the acreage in cereals and green crops in Great Britain and
Ireland respectively :

Great Britain.

Wheat. Barley. Oats. Beans. Peas. Potatoes. Turnips.

Year. Acres. Acres. Acres. Acres. Acres. Acres. Acres.

1874 3,630,800 2,287,987 2,596,884 559,044 310,547 520,480 2,133,336

1891 1,927,962 2,095,771 3,263,401 244,180 248,048 504,454 1,956,578

189% 1,417,488 2,166,279 8,296,068 242,665 209,024 541.217 1,915,902

1896 1.698,967 2,104,764 8,096,488 261,076 196,561 568,741 1,888,118

1897 1,887,806 2,086,249 3,084,999 228,912 190,656 504,914 1,883,145

Ireland.

1874 188,711 212J880 1,480,186 9,646 1,766 892,421 338,487

1894 49,842 164,780 1,254.818 2,784 401 717,120 311^894

1895 36,529 171,785 1,216,870 2,854 496 710,889 318,248

1896 37,919 178,896 1,193,604 1,771 318 706,662 308,494

1897 46.880 170684 1,175,467 1,877 440 677,766 308,942



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THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



Produce of Principal Crops.



Description
of Crops.

Wheat

Barley and bere . . .

Oats

Beans

Peas

Potatoes

Turnips and 8wedes.



Description
of Crops.

Wheat

Barley and bere

Oats

Beans

Peas

Potatoes

Turnips and Swedes.



1894.


—Great Britain

1885. 1886.


1897.


1888.


1894.


-Ireland—
1885.


1896.


1887. j


1,000


1,000


1,000


1,000


1.000


1,000


1,000


1,000


1,000


Bush.


Bush.


Bush.


Bush.


Bush.


Bush.


Bush.


Bush.


Bush.


60,178


87,176


57,058


54,940


1,666


1,532


1,100


1,184


1,865


72,285


68,661


70,775


66,814


6,211


6,806


6,877


7,050


5,799


185.468


122,140


114,016


116,847


65,701


56,400


62,827


48,844


46,708


7,086


5.555


6,487


6,806


118


112


71


64


47


6JB19


4,719


4,970


6,238


6


10


12


8


10


1,000


1,000


1,000


1,000


1,000


1,000


1,000


1,000


1,000


Tons.


Tons.


Tons.


Tons.


Tons.


Tons.


Tons.


Tons.


Tons.


2,780


8,588


8,562


2,608


8,064


1,878


8,472


2,701


1,488


26,886


24,780


28,254


26,652


4,848


4,279


4,490


4,788


4,184




Average Yield per Acre.




















-Ireland-
1885.






1884.


1885.


1886.


1887.


1898.


1804.


1886.


1887.


Bush.


Bush.


Bush.


Bush.


Bush.


Bush.


Bush.


Bush.


Bush.


80.68


26.28


83.68


28.06


80.28


81.04


80.85


81.41


28.69


84.60


81.68


88.68


82.82


88.76


88.27


87.12


40.66


88.98


41.64


87.06


86.88


88.48


44.62


44.16


48.02


40.92


89.75


20.04


22.01


25.66


28.88


85.86


40.28


30.34


80.48


84.49


25.64


22.61


25.84


27.56


18.68


25.64


84.28


25.40


28.72


Tons.


Tons.


Tons.


Tons.


Tons.


Tons.


Tons.


Tons.


Tons.


5.53


6.64


6.32


5.17


4.28


2.61


4.88


8.88


2.21


18.48


12.01


12.36


18.88


16.01


13.76


14.88


15.50


18.88



Live 8tock in 1897.

United

England. Wales. Scotland. Ireland. Kingdom.*

Horses 1,168,768 158^82 204,879 584,188 2,069,862

Cattle 4,567,834 700,120 1,228,548 4,468,835 11,004,084

8heep 15,721,213 3,185,358 7,428,888 4,157,581 80,687,061

Pigs 1,880,584 216,447 185,821 1.827,226 8,682,818

The following facts are taken from Mulhall :

8ince 1846 there has been a decline in acreage of nearly two millions, but this has been compen-
sated by the increased pastoral industry. Below are shown the figures :

Year. Grain. Green Crops. Pasture. Total.

1846 11,600,000 10330,000 22,840,000 44,870,000

1886 8,870,000 11480,000 27,880,000 47,880,000

The average production of crops and meat for the three years 1888-4-5 was : Wheat. 1,240.000
tons; barley. 1,880,000 tons; oats, etc., 4,460,000 tons; potatoes, 6,100,000 tons; turnips, 80,800,000 tons;
hay, 12,d00,(fi) tons : meat, 1,100,000 tons.

Notwithstanding that the price of grain has fallen 40 per cent, since 1846, the gross value of farm

Sroducts then was £218,000,000, as against £280,000,000, the average value for 1883-4-5. The following
gures will show the relation between labor and production and the influence of machinery thereon:

Year. Hands. Product, £'s. £'s Per Hand.

1846 8,519,000 218,000,000 62

1885 2,527,000 280,000,000 81

From these figures it may be deduced that two men now produce in quantity what five did then.
The fluctuations of agricultural capital are shown below in millions pounds sterling:



1780.

Land 702

Cattle 8*

Sundries. 79

Total 867



1812.

1,101
146
136

1,372



1846.

1,706
160
185

2,040



1880.

2,086
207
230

2,525



1806.

1,686
202
188



Indust ial Raw Materials.

Coal and Iron Ore— Production and Values.



Quantities.

Year. Tons.

1880 181,614,288

1884 188,277,626

1895 188,661,362

1886 195,361,260

1887 202,128,931



-Coal



>

Value.


, Iron Ore-
Quantities.


Value.


£


Tons.


£


74,963,997


13,780,767


3,926,445


62,729,769


12.367.308


3,190,647


57,231,213


12,615,415


2,865,708


57,190,147


13,700,764


3,150,424


59,740,009


14,008,500





* Includes Isle of Mau and Channel Islands.



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GREAT BRITAIN.



Pig Iron -Production, Exports, etc.



1897.
Tons.

Production of pig iron 8,789.455

Total exports of iron and steel 3,7;>0,000

Estimated home consumpr ion 8,003,594

Stock of plar iron, December 31 885,000

Average price of Scotch warrants

Production op Bessemer Ingots.

Year. Gross Tons.

1885 1,304,127

1890 2,014,843

1894 1,535,384

1895 1,535,225

1898 1,815,842

1897 1,884,165



1896.


1895.


1894.


Tons.


Tons.


Tons.


8,659,681


7,895,675


7,364,745


3,552,286


2,838,149


2,649,998


6,268,532


4,305.029


4,539,299


1,200,000


1.500,000


1,043,178


46s. lOd.


44s. 5d.


42s. 8d.



1893.

Tons.

6.829,341

2,856.574

3,976,632

868,730-

42b. 4d.



Production op Open-hearth Steel Ingots.

Year. Gross Tons.

1885 583,918

1890 1,564,200

1894 1,575,318

1895 1,724,737

1896 2,317,555

1897 2,601,806-



Imp< rts. Exports, Consumption, and Stock of Cotton.

The following: shows the quantities of each description of cotton for 1897, in thousands of
pounds, and the corresponding: totals of previous years :



1897.


Import.


Export.


Consumption.


Stock Dec.


A merican


1,420,530


138,9*9


1,331,219


356,285


Brazilian


17,300


1,004


15.286


3,017


Egyptian


298,817


70,690


234.036


63,876


Peru, West Indian, etc


8,951
41,479

1J87,077


3.163
25,078


7.247
24,242

1.612,025


4,816


East Indian, etc


2,924


Total, 1897


238,924


420.918


Total, 1896


1,806,087


191,090


1,644.661


587,027


Total, 1895


1,815,074


209,211


1,631,953


616.690


Total, 1894


1,834,546


244,396


1,613,373


642,781


Total, 1893


1,498,062


235,580


1,482,664


666,005



Average Price op Cotton.

Ellison & Co., of Liverpool, give the following- estimate of the average price of cotton at that
port for a series of years :



1897.
d.

Import 4 5-16

Export 4 7-16

Consumpi'n.. 4 5-16



d.

m

4 11-16



1895.

d.
4 3-16
4 3-16
4M



1894.
4%



d.
5 3-16
5 1-16
5 3-16

Wool.



1892.

d.

413-16

411-16

413-16



1891.

d.

5 5-16

4 15-16

5 5-16



1890.

d.

513-16

5 5-16

5 15-16



1889.

d.

5 11-16



d.
517-32

519-32



Helmuth, 8wartze & Co., London, give the following statements of the supply, export, and
consumption of wool in the United Kingdom :



1893.
1894.
1895.



Year.



Domestic

Clip.
Estimated

Lbs.
151,000,000
142,000,000

135,000,000

1896 136,000,000

1897 139,000,000



Imports of Wool,

Alpaca, and

Mohair.

Lbs.
696,000,000
723,000,000
801,000,000
736,000,000
767,000,000



Total.
Lbs.
847,000,000
865,000.000
936,000.000
872,000,000
906,000,000



Total
Exports.

Lbs.
362,000,000
358,000,000
426,000,000
352,000,000
411,000,000



Left for
Home Con-
sumption.
Lbs.

485,000,000
507,000,000
510,000,000
520,000,000
495,000,000



Flax, Hemp, and Jute.
The Imports of these articles into the United Kingdom were as follows :



Flax— Dressed, undressed, and Tons.

Tow or Codilla of- 1897.

From Russia 73,379

Germany 947

Holland 2,660

Belgium 20,715

Other countries 1,101



-Quantity-
Tons.
1896.
67,227
1,443
2,754
22,270
1,505



Tons.

1895.

77,874
1,687
5,301

16,484
1,276



£

1897.
1,998,482

23,937

131,918

1,024,206

24,641



Total 98,802

Hemp—Dressed, undressed, and
Tow or Codilla of—

From Russia 7,416

Germany 8,485

Italy 15.975

British East Indies 6.877

Philippine Island? 44,578

Other countries 6,575

Total 89.906

Jute 338,919

Total of flax, hemp, and jute. 526,627



95,199 102,622 3,203,184



-Value —

£

1896.

1,821,523

44,434

140.386

1,078,219

32,754



3,117,316 3,270.840




11,071
9,322

11.025
5,569

39,319

15,411

91,717
340.649



12,540
10,a54
10,914
4.999
47,957
11,187

97,951

392,025



177,507
201,845
419,154
94,614
759,111
111,228

1,763,459

4,142,610



527.565 592.598 9,109,253



273,159
227,297
339,969
89,891
731,633
289,557

1,951,486

4,167,992

9.236,794



316,325
248,744
a55.580
78,031
891,266
197,721

"^087,367

7358,036

9,716,543



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THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



Fisheries.

The quantity and value of fish, excluding shell fish, landed on the coast of the United Kingdom
tor the year 1807 were as follows : England and Wales, 397,280 tons, value £5,508,494 : Scotland, 250,087
tons, value £1.687,628; Ireland, 40,916 tons, value £283,944; total United Kingdom, 688.268 tons, value
£7,480,080; Including shell fish, £7,907,509.



Imports and Exports.

The merchandise imports and exports of Great Britain have been as follows for a series of years :

r— Exports-^ ,

... .^

Tear. j. ai i.

1890 97 ; 95

1891 64 50

1892 82 70

1898 78 18

1894 10 W

1895 68 46

1896 04 U

1897 83 08

CLASSES or Articles for Twelve Months Ended December 31.



Imports from foreign countries and British possessions (in thousands of

1897.

Animals, living (for food) £11.880

(A.) Articles of food and drink, duty free 151,550



(B.) Articles of food and drink, dutiable.

Tobacco, dutiable

Metals

Chemicals, dyestuffs, and tanning substances.

Oils

Raw materials for textile manufactures

Raw materials for sundry industries and manufactures.

Manufactured articles

(A.) Miscellaneous articles

(B.) Parcel post



26,791
4,072
21.265
6,006
7,641
70,263
52,085
85,038
14,139
1,004



pounds) :

1896.

£10,438

147,000

25,568

4,352

20.492

6,776

8,450

74,757

47.241

81.379

14,330

1,012



Exports of British and Irish produce and manufactures (in thousands of pounds) :



Animals, living £1,133

Articles of food and drink 12,188

Raw materials 20.140

Articles manufactured and partly manufactured, viz. :

(A.) Yarns and textile fabrics 96.618

(B.) Metals and articles manufactured therefrom (except ma-
chinery) 34,487 33,549

(C.) Machinery and mill work 16,282 17,014

(D.) Apparel and articles of personal use 9,878 10,474

(E.) Chemicals, and chemical and medicinal preparations 8,674 8,242

(F.) All other articles, either manufactured or partly manufac-
tured 32,939

(G.) Parcel post 2,057



£941
11.684
17,687

105,329



38,552
1,069



Total value £234,350

Principal Articles of British Import (in 1,000*8 op £'s).

1893.
Grain and flour £51,180



Cotton, raw.

Wool, sheep and lamb's. .

Dead meat

Sugar, raw and refined. .
Butter and margarine. . .

Wood and timber

Silk manufactures

Flax, hemp, and jute

Wooien manufactures. . .

Animals

Oils

Chemicals, dyestuflte. etc.

Seeds

Fruits and hops

Currants and raisins

Leather

Wine

Cheese



30,685
24,439
22,831
22,062
16,409
15,387
11,728

8,308
10,125

9,875



7,401
6,335
7,021
5,540
1,615
6,581
5.302
5,161



1806.
£8,966
140,242
25,058

3.353
18,656

6.558

8,111
70,769
44,024
75,601
14,867
978



Totalvalue-. £451,238 £441.808 £416,689



£793
11,062
18,298

101,377



15,150
9,307



31.387
1.8*7



£240,145 £225.890



1894.


1895.


1896.


1897.


£48,220


£49,723


£52,793


£53.560


32,944


80,429


36,272


32,195


24,791


20,026


24,958


24,437


22,725


23,763


24,753


27.36M


19,172


17,684


18,384


15,951


16,501


16,802


17,842


18,402


17,151


15,748


19,202


23,636


12,618


15,237


16.707


16,912


9,045


9,716


X' 23 !


9,109


9,765


10,243


10 «K£


10,443


9,261


10,275


9,705


10,903


9,090


8,966


10,439


11,380


7,505


8,112


8,447


7,641


6,819


6,559


6,785


6,006


7,188


6,279


6,736


5,751


6,286


5,083


5,747


6.633


1,766


1,662


1,600


2,115


7,094


8,060


7,503


7,648


5.018


5,448


5,961


6.438


5,475


4,675


4,900


5.*W


.


Di


gitized by VjOCK


>Ie



GREAT BRITAIN.



Metal*- 1808.

Copper ore, etc £8,819

Copper, part wrought, etc 1,914

Iron ore • 2.782

Iron, in bars 598

Iron manufactures 2,966

Lead 1,886

Tin. 2,898

Zino and its manufactures 1,406

Bggs 3,876

Coffee 3,987

Tobacco 8,549



1898.

Cotton manufactures £54,699

Cotton yarn 9,066

Total of cotton £63,753

Woolen manufactures £16,404

Woolen and worsted yarn 4,532

Total of woolen and worsted . . £390,986

Linen manufactures £4,775

linen jam. . • v 1.005

Jute manufactures 2,391

Jute yarn 298

Apparel and haberdashery, 5,768

Iron, pig 1,971

Iron, bar, angle, bolt, and rod 980

Iron, railroad, of all sorts 2,511

Iron wire 647

Iron, tin plates 4,991

Iron, hoops, sheets, and plates. 8£65

Iron, oast and wrought, of all sorts. 8,766

Iron, old, for re-manufacture 884

Steel, wrought and unwrougbt 2,177

Total of iron and steel £20,698

Hardware and cutlery £2,047

Copper 8,082

Machinery 18,917

Coal, cinders, fuel, etc 14,875

Chemicals 8,680



£18,689

£1,884
8^65
14,205
17,871

8,471



£19.681

£1,856
2,819
15,150
15,484
8,289



£88,818

£2,181
2,549
17,(87
15,161
8,844



1894.


1896.


1896.


1897.


£24961


£2,807


£»,8g


£2,762


2,864


1,888


2,882


3,041


2,979


2,978


8,768


4,436


565


549


670


689


3,061


3^96


4,574


5.778


1,515


1,654


1,868


8,068


2,718


2,681


2,290


1,684


1.195


i,a»


1,664


1,688


3,786


4,003


4.184


4,867


8,582


8,778


8,579


3,571


3,472


3,354


4,871


4,072


Home Produce (in 1,000's of £*s).




1894.


1896.


1896.


1897.


£67,879


£54,456


£69,884


£64,061


9,886


9,891


10,048


9,982


£66,565


£68,746


£69,882


£68,994


£14,011


£19,788


£18,267


£15,»3


4,718


5,878


5,666


4,842


£18,789


£85,110


£88,968


£80.885


£4,505


£tm


£6,061


£4,774


989


966


1,042


977


S'JS 8


84380


*5i5


8,168


876


866


879


580


5,869


6,878


6,746


6,466


1.913


8,077


2,686


2,892


888


864


1,104


1,084


^25


1,897


8,565


3,869


680


711


904


867


4,889


4,289


8,086


3,087


2,988


8,014


3,698


3,469


8,484


3,788


4,784


4,885


221


852


889


239


2,472


8,908


8,918


4,817



£84,640

£8,107
8,680
16,888
16,669
8,675



The Per Capita Consumption or CHisr Articles or Food.

The quantity of the principal food imports retained for home consumption per head of popula-
tion in each of the years 1890-96 was as follows :

Article. 1890. 1891. 1898. 1893. 1894. 1896. 1896. 1897

Bacon and hams lbs. 13.58 18.11 14.10 11.73 18.89 14.68 15.90 17.96

Butter " 5.88 6.14 6.83 6.69 7.87 7.98 8.46 8.85

Cheese " 6.88 5.86 6.89 5.87 6.38 5.98 6.82 7.17

Bggs No. 38.91 88.68 86.08 34.89 36.68 38.97 40.86 48.83

Wheat and flour lbs. 286.88 244.06 868.78 247.66 256.19 285.09 257.3 287.84

Sugar* " 78.21 80.17 77.84 78.85 80.06 88.18 86.29 80.89

Tea " 5.17 5.88 5.43 -5.41 5.68 5.67 5.77 5.81

Rtoe •* 9.88 8.85 8.91 8.54 7.86 8.00 6.49 8.68

Tobacco " 1.56 1.61 1.64 1.68 1.66 1.67 1.78 1.75



Distribution or British Foreign Trade.



Countries.

1897.

Russia £22,275

Sweden 9,846

Norway 4,969

Denmark 10.970

Germany 28JB80

Holland 28,988

Belgium 2£S7

France 53,880

Portugal 8,646

Spain 18,118

Italy $824

Austrian territories. 1,882

Greece 1,684

Turkey 6^212

Egypt 9,296



Imports From

In Thousands of £'b.

1896. 1895.

£88,648 £24,787

9,687 8,784

4,882 3,882

10,687 9,799

87,667 86,998

19,855 28,480

19,855 17,645

49,974 47,471

8,604 2,492

11,984 11,815

8,168 3,188

1,856 1,222

1,241 1,241

5,880 5.751

9.632 9,584



-Exports To-



1894.

£88,699

8,880

8,667

9,544

86,874

87,606

17,062

48,460

2,890

10,547

8,129

1,886

1,288

4.900

9,286



1897.

£7,543

8,568

2,251



In Thousands of £'s.
1896. 1896.



84,606
8,857
8,281

13,884
1,417
3^47
5.609

'•as

6.557
4,485



£7,830
8,168
1,995
8,868

88,478
8,850
7,824

14^68
16
8,46
5,150
1,606
860
5,044
3,780



£7,004
8,081
1,896
2,700

80,581
7,874
7,885

18,870
1,461
8,688
5.546
1,716
806
5,848
8,848



1894.

£6.884
2,970
1.917
2.502

17,796
8,787
7,681

13,586
1,446
8,945
5,655
1.427
881
6,520
3,99 B



* The total of raw and refined sugars.



Digitized by



Google



THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



Countries.

1897.

India £1,602

China 2,700

United States 113,195



-Imports From-



In Thousands of £'s.



-Exports To-



Mexico

Central America

Chili

Brazil ,

Uruguay

Argentine Republic
Other countries



594
1,176
3.206
3,738

345
6.745
9,974



1896.

£2,314

2,984

106,376

593

990

3,609

4,045

316

8,979

9,878



1895.

£2,483

3.344

86,549

467

976

3,436

3.614

461

9,084

8,486



1894.

£2,280.

3,543

89,607

555

949

3,711

3,940

267

6,169

10,375



1897.
£2,485

5,142
21,036

1,605
845

2,230

5,438
795

4,742
16,611



In Thousands of £'&.
1896. 1895.



£2,621
6,734

20,436
1,519
1,269
2,551
6,706
1,434
6,678

16,854



£2,398
5,254

27,948
1,522
1,316
3,246
7,323
1,349
5,349

14,549



1894.

£2,67T
4,451

18,799-
1,214
998
2,207
7,528-
1,488
4,515-

18,439-



Total £357,545 £348,548 £321.159 £314,433 £153,645 £155,987 £156,888 £143,184



Commerce with the United States, 1880 to 1898.



Years ending
June 30.

880

886



890.
891.



Imports from
U.S.
$452,796,000
348,453,000
361,515,000
447.895,000
445,414,000
499,315,000



Exports to
U.S.

$211,613,000
154,254,000
177,897,000
186.488,000
194,726,000
156,300,000



Years ending
June 30.



1894.
1895.
1896.
1897.
1898.



Imports from
U.S.
$421,134,000
431,059,000
387,125,000
405,741,000
483,270,000
540,860,152



Exports to
U.S.

$182,859,<XK>
107,372,000
159.083,000-
169,963,000
167,948,(XX>
109,138,365



Principal Articles op Export and Import as Between the United States and Great
Britain for Fiscal Years ending Junk 30, 1891, 1897, and 1898.



Exports from the United Kingdom.



1891.

Art works $303. 197

Books, m usic, maps, etc 2.405,392

Cement, Roman, PortlM, etc. 1,984,692
Chemicals, drugs, dyes, etc.. 14,467,902

Cotton, unmanufactured 1,216,742

Cotton manufactures 12,324,970

Earthen, stone, & china ware 4,672,277
Feathers & down, not dressed 675,407
Fibers, vegetable, etc., un-
manufactured 5,909,928

do. manufactured 18,284,974

Fish 660,681

Furs, and manufactures of. . 3,926.311

Hides and skins 5,535,366

India rubber, crude 2,630,164

Iron & steel, & manuf'r's of.. 10,314,228
Leather, & manufactures of. 2,311,441

Malt liquors 1,444,633

Metals, metal composit'ns,etc 2,276.854

Oils, vegetable 512,601

Paper stock, crude 1,844,833

Silk, manufactures of 5,575.040

Sugar 476,795

Tea 547,222

Tin, in bars, pigs, etc 2.394,026

Wool, unmanufactured 13,734,771

Wool, manufactured 14.975,831



1897.

$1,185,603

1,654,693

596,195

9,419.097

1,471,095

14,349,471

4,017,233

1,276,196

HO
103
110
143
132
t97
HO
!43
129
J70
518

61
104
!65
33
SI
(41



Imports into the United Kingdom



1897.



1891.
Animals (cattle, horses, and

sheep) $28,727,100 $39,270,162

Breadstuff s—

Barley 362,605 3,808,691

Corn 8,167,775 22,962,199»

Oats 105,028 5,410,578

Wheat 27.281,400 41,975,657

Wheat flour 33,781,917 30,925,612

Copper— Ore 6,852,470 1,889,564

Ingots, bars and old 1,000,498 8,283,175.

Cotton, unmanufactured... 170,863,888 117,292,717

do. manufactured 976,155 1,298,077

Cycles, and parts of 2,375,675-



Fish— Salmon, canned 1,792,838 2,534,977

Fruits, including nuts 961,311 3,683,577

Furs and fur skins 2,534.310 2,432,774

Glucose 1,374,044 2,571.872:

Hops 2,254,001 1,159,262

Iron & steel, & manuf r's of. 3,501,657 10,132,574
Leather, and manuf Vs of.. . 9,242.388 12,915,976-

Naval stores 3,857,992 9.214,958

Oil cake and oil-cake meal. . 5,157,578 3,170,88$

Oils, mineral, refined 7,801 ,606 13,240,527

Parafflne and paraffine wax. 3,298.263 3,126,041
Paper, and manuf 'r's of . . . . 239,498 1,044,308-
Provisions-Beef products.. 27,374,390 28,673,010'

Hog products 49,384,916 51,713,135

Butter & cheese 7,055,831 6,696.672

Seed, linseed 9,900 2,178,022

Starch 241,062 1,2(9,745

Tobacco, & manufVs of . . . . 7,382,547 9,711,285
Wood, & manufactures of. . 7,222.933 12,612,967

Zinc— Pig, bars, etc 1,669,959

For the year ending June 30, 1898. the imports into the United Kingdom were : Animals, living
(for food), $36,374,000. Bread stuffs— Wheat, 174,926,000: wheat meal and flour, $46,508,000; oats, $12,-
330,000; Indian corn, $38,651,000; bacon, 130.759,000 ; beef (fresh), $24,081,000 ; hams, $18,249,000 ; cheese,.
$6,631,000; lard, $12,961,000; copper, $9,997,000 ; cotton (raw). $127,740,000; tallow and stearine, $2,263,000;
wood and timber. $11,261,000; leather, $14,821,000; animals, horses, $4,045,000.

The exports for the corresponding period were : Wool, sheep and lambs, $2,833,000 ; cotton man-
ufactures, $,797,000 : Jute manufactures. $3,757,000 ; linen manufactures, $7,119,000 ; woolen and worsted
manufactures, $5,394,000; iron and steel and manufactures, $7,233,000; machinery, $1,602,000 : alkali*
$1491,000 ; bleaching materials, $1,146,000 ; earthen and china ware, $2,567,000 ; skins and furs, $3,342,000.



Foreign Movement of Precious Metals.



Gold Coin and Bullion.

Year. Imports. Exports.

1885 $65,097,034 $58,061,325

1890 114,693,910 69,623,497

1891 147,472,002 117,634,800

1892 108,418,125 75,187,425

1898 120,978,231 94,959.241

1894 134,590,674 76,208,306

1895 176,197.803 104,094,683

1896 118,671,435 146.101,036

1897 150,089,830 150,034,960



Silver Coin and Bullion.

Year. Imports.

1885 $45,908,639



1890.
1891.
1892.
1893.
1894.
1895.
1896.
1897.



60,541,810
63,663,246
60,222.938
72,912,463
65.431,903
60,428,333
69,496,213
87,815,840



Exports.
$47,946,155
52,866,658
64,993,889-
68,495,988
68,219,872
60,979,318
52,209,705
72,983,450
91,463,470



Digitized by



Google



GREAT BRITAIN,



Shipping and Navigation.



(8ee also Index, under " Shipping: of the World.")



Vbsskls in the Home Trade.

, Sailing »

Year. Number. Tons. Men. Number.

4891 8,675 656,968 36,714 2,211

1896 7,086 449,192 80.148 2,752

1887 6,871 434,125 28,866 2,906

Vessels Engaged in Both Home and Foreign Trade.

1891 812 40,248 1,796 286

1896 220 24,640 1,156 294

1897 180 22,645 1,008 813

Vessels in Foreign Trade Alone.

1891 2,127 2,250,285 42,679 3,632

1896 1,686 2,144,235 36,903 3,701

1897 1,534 2,016,247 34,027 3,619



Steam —
Tons.
354,714
421,404
432,839



166,813
282,297
256,223



4,796,518
5,661,572
5,763,734



Men.
25,107
81,800
33,759



5,160
6,008
6,584



129,015
136,029
186,678



Total Shipping of the United Kingdom in the Home and Foreign Trade.



Online LibraryWilliam Usborne MooreThe Commercial year book → online text (page 2 of 125)