William Usborne Moore.

The Commercial year book online

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1890 9 4,271 42 65,951 51 7Q£22

1893 6 1,030 47 69,356 53 70^96

Belgium. 1804 6 1,039 50 74,499 56 75^38

Vessels of 50 tons and up. 1895 5 917 50 78,271 55 79,188

1896 5 917 54 86,296 59 87,213

1897 5 917 53 84,822 58 85,739

1890 63 10,886 64 27,283 127 37,668

rhln o 1898a 58 11,888 123 30^53 181 42^41

Verals of foreign tvoe im ** U* 274 138 81 « m 187 4 * 448

vessels or foreign type 188g ^ lhJX& 14D j^ 410 ^ ^^

omy ' 1806 74 16,500 145 32,708 210 40,307

1897 88 20,170 166 37,975 254 58.154

Russia. 1896 2,135 328,889 522 205,648 2,657 528,967

Vessels :of 25 tons and up. 1897 2,207 338^60 567 240,967 2,774 577,207

1890 162 72,820 89 84,882 251 156.70!

Aiiatrta IBB 1*2 69,675 91 87,187 288 146^62

Exdudiii^nan'coMtincr * m *» S°m 96 96,522 224 146,084

vessels ana nshing boats. 18fl6 103 ^^ 99 105,793 202 146,098

1807 90 35,163 110 119,967 200 155,130

1890 91 45,834 10 8,847 101 54^91

HunmiT 1893 72 34,657 16 15,128 88 40,785

vessels and Ashing boats. im K ^^ gg ^^ H eim

1897 45 22,407 32 35,173 77 57,580

United States.
See Index, " Shipping. 1 *



* Includes also ships of Iceland, Faroe Islands, and Danish West Indies.
t Registered vessels only.



Digitized by



Google



STATISTICS OF SHIPPING.



133



Tonnaob Entered ahd Cleared, with Cargoes and in Ballast, and with Cargoes Only.

The following tables show the total tonnage (English measurement) of sailing and steam vessels
national and foreign, engaged in the foreign trade, entered and cleared, with cargoes and in ballast
and with cargoes only, at the ports of the respective countries, in thousands of torn :



Coun-
tries.



i

s

1

•a



With Cargoes and in Ballast.

* Entered > / Cleared

Na- For- Na- For-

Year. tional. eign. Total, tional. eign.

1800 20,778 10.U63 88,886 27.105 10jO8

1806 28,910 10,223 87,142 27,228 10,262

1804 20.088 10,785 80.818 20,649 11.070

1805 20,175 10,826 40,001 20.516 11,021

1806 80£80 12,188 42,477 31,182 11,808

1807 82,101 12,782 44,928 82,235 18,040

With Cargoes Only.

1880 21,196 7,840 20,068 25,267 8,500

1806 20,962 7,884 28,706 24,406 8,457

1894 22,727 8,414 31,141 26,688 0,095

1895 22,992 8.866 81.858 26,068 9.889

1896 24.630 8,860 83,480 27,728 9,977

1807 25,840 9,296 34.686 28,101 11,207



"


Na-


-IUMU-

For-


'


Total.


tional.


eign.


Total.


87,448


53,973


20,381


74 -£t


87.491


54,148


20.485


74,688


40,718


58,682


21.855


80.536-


40,537


58,691


21.847


80.538-


42,985


61,472


23,991


85,462


45^76


64,427


25,772


90,199


88,857


46,460


16,480


62,890


82,958


45,458


16,291


61,749*


85,778


49,410


17,509


66.919


86,272


49,925


17,705


67,680


87,708


52,856


18.827


71.188


39,808


53,441


20,508


78,94



h
ill 8

h



With Cargoes and in Ballast.

1890 3,405 11,961 15,866 3,890 12,069

1806 8,406 18,186 16,079 3,537 13,288

1894 8,649 18376 17,025 8,747 18,560

1896 8.677 18,049 16,726 8,616 18,408

1896 8,678 13,779 17,452 8,741 14,078

1897

With Cargoes Only.

1890 2,863 9,666 12,629 2,747 11,534

1806 2,967 10,885 18,822 2,849 12,459

1894 8,099 10,552 18.651 8.001 12.889

1895 8J02 10,207 18.809 2.884 12,674

1896 8,087 10,777 18,864 8,004 13,141

1897 ?.



16,429
16,825
17,307
17,024
17,819



6,796
7,030
7,896
7,293
7,414



24.000
26,474
26,966
26,457
27,857



80.795
38.504
84,832
38,750
35,271



14,281


5,610


21,200


26,810


15,808
15,840


5,836
6,100


g$


29,180
20,491


15,408


5,936


22,781


28,717


16,145


6,091


28,918


80,009



With Cargoes and in Ballast.



8
I



1890 4,482 9,802 14JB84 4,773

1898 4,002 9,762 18,854 4,290

1894 4,024 10,042 14,066 4,286

1895 4,114 9.666 13,779 4,417

1896 4,328 10,874 14,697 4,811

1897

With Cargoes Only.

1800 4,845 9,276 13,641 4J»7

1806 8,958 9,247 18^05 8,846

1894 3,892 9,602 13,494 3,734

1895 4,001 9,221 13^22 3,934

1896 4^11 9,866 14,077 4,223

11807



9,911
9,878

10,236
9,718

10,619



6,363
5,034
5,352
5,330
6,042



14,684
14,168
14,472
14,180
15,380



0,620
8,880
0,086
9,278
10,265



9,256
8,382
8,260
8,681
9,184



8,612
7,804
7,626
7,935
8,434



19,713
19,640
20,278
19,378
20,893



14,649
14^81
14,954
14,560
15,906



28,968
28,022
28,588
27,909
80,027



23,261
22,085
22,680
22,496
24,342



With Cargoes and in BaUast.



a

I

x



1890 5,296 6,807 12,106 5,178

1893 5,673 6.424 12,097 5,764

1894 6,095 6,633 12,728 6,438

1806 6,195 6,807 13,002 6,042

1896 6,433 7,723 14,156 6,277

With Cargoes Only.

1800 4,473 8,504 7,977 4,700

1806 4,344 2,996 7,340 5,106

1894 4,452 8,151 7,6(13 5,535

1895 4,663 2,901 7.564 5,626

1896 4,788 3,077 7,865 5,753



6,681
6,162
6,725
6,878
7,590



5,989
5,394
5,848
6,195
6,913



11,809
11,928
13,163
12,920
13,867



10,639
10,500
11,383
11,821
12,666



10,474
11,487
12,583
12,237
12,710



9,173

9,450

9,987

10,289

10,541



13,488
12,586
13,358
18,685
15,813



9,448
8,390

9,096
9,990



28,912
24,028
25,991
25,922
28,028



18,616
17,840
18,986
19.385
20,531



Digitized by LjOOQ IC



134



THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



With Cargoes and in Ballast.



Coun-
tries.



!



1800.
1896.
1894.
1886.
1898.



Year.



1800.
1893.
1894.,
1896.
1806..



, Entered-

Na- For-

tional. eign.

4,618 6,902

4,780 6,669

6,068 7,176

5,007 6,916

6,164 6,979



4,407
4,690
4,870
4,810
4,966



^ , Cleared >

Na- For-

Total. tional. eign. Total.

10.620 4,697 6,929 10,686

11,439 4,884 6,667 11,641

12.239 6,104 7,166 12,280

11,922 6,138 6,893 12,031

12,143 6,120 6,823 11,943



With Cargoes Only.



5.660
6,318
6,906
6,668
6,619



9,957
10,948
11,776
11,478
11,575



3.631
3,800
3,068
3,981
3,944



8,536 7,066

3,662 6,362

3,786 7,753

3,495 7,476

3,563 7,607



Na-
tional.
9,276
9,664
10,167
10,145
10,284



7,938
8,430
8,838
8,791
8,000



-Total-
For-
eign.
11,881
13,816
14,332
13,806
13,802



9,085
9,880
10,691
10,163
10,182



Total.
21,106
22,060
24,409
28,953
24,066



17,023
18,310
19,629
18.964
19,082



With Cargoes and in Ballast.



( 1890 1,136



1893.
1894.
1895.
1806.



1890.
1893.
1894*.
1895.,
1896.,



1.070
1,209
1,099
1,103



1,048
1,011
1,132
983
1,048



2,467
2,665
2,869
2,786
2,835



3.603
3.735
4,078
3,825
3,938



1,169
1,099
1,200
1,094
1,073



2,434

2,700
2,830
2,718
2,677



With Cargoes Only.



2,300
2,512
2,707
2,634
2,631



3,848
3,523
3,889
3,617
3,679



785

784
800
707
697



1,316
1,867
1,410
1.279
1,363



4,608
3,799
4,080
8,812
8,750



2,051
2,141
2,210
1,986
2,060



2,306
2,169
2,409
2,183
2,176



1,773
1,795
1,932
1,690
1,745



4,901
6,365
6,699
6,604
6,612



3,616
3,869
4,117
8,918
3,994



7,206
7,534
8,106
7,637

7,688



5,389
6,664
6,069
5.603
5,739



With Cargoes and in Ballast.



I



3S-0 3



1800 7,397 857

1893 8,235 809

1894 8,306 867

1896 9,343 905

1896



8,254

8,044

9,173

10,248



7,338 856

8,229 814

8,286 865

9,843 901



With Cargoes Only.



1890 6,808 705

1893 7,830 663

1894 7,939 735

1895 8,906 787

1806



7.508
8,493
8,664
9,783



6,411
7,217

7,447
9,006



711
661



719





r 1800


1.861




1806


2,069




1894


2,010




1896


1,966




1896


2,076


3 ■

1-4


1890


1,627




1806


1,686




1894


1,649




1895


1,788




. 1806


1,864




f 1890


603


-t-


1893


541


1


1894


091


1895


700


u


1896


806


3

w

a

i


1890


408


1893


456


1894


538


tf


1895


530




. 1806


649



With Cargoes and in Ballast.

5,592 7,453 1.612 5,181

5,228 7,287 2,066 5,384

5,953 7,068 1,077 6£18

6,273 8,259 2,046 6,625

6,815 8,391 2,025 6,589

With Cargoes Only.

5,182 6,809 1,235 2.956

4,461 6,147 1,556 2,696

4,786 6.384 1,413 2,956

5,934 7,722 1,626 8,770

5,006 7,770 1,662 4,138

With Cargoes and in Ballast.



5,561
5,867
9,153
8,877



6,064
6,408
9,843
9,577
9,446



466 5,654

543 5,802

674 9,115

690 8,925

783 8,633



With Cargoes Only.



2,140



2,926
2,962
3,217



2,548
2,690
3.462
3,512
3,866



426 4,984

500 4,985

617 8,177

655 7,985

718 7,641



6,009
6,345
9,789
9,615
9,416



5,410
5,485
8,794
7,640



958
1,084
1,365
1,390
1.591



834

956

1,153

1,185

1,367



11,115
11,669
18.267
17,802
17,271



7,124
7,219
1,158
10,967
10,758



8,293
9,043
9,151
10,244


14,735
16,464
16,692
18,686


1,712
1,623
1,732
1,806


16,447
18,087
18,324
20,492


7,122
7,878
8,137
9,725


13,214
16,047
15,386
18,002


1,415
1,324
1,415
1,606


14,629
16,871
16,801
19,506


6,793
7,460
8,195
8,670
8,614


8,473
4,126
8,987
4,081
4,101


10,773
10,612
12,171
12,798
12,904


14,246
14,737
16,168
16,829
17,005


4,191
4,252
4,369
6,806
6,790


2,862
8,242
8,062
8.414
3,516


8.188
7,157
7,691
9,704
10,044


11,000
10,309
10,753
13.118
18,560



12,078
12,753
19,632
19,192
18,862



7,968
8,175
12^56
11,152
12,135



* ** National " includes Hungary.

+ Including the Caucasian ports of the Black Sea from and after 1894.



Digitized by LjOOQ IC



STATISTICS OF SHIPPING.



135









With Cargoes and in Ballast.










Coun-
tries.

a


Year.

' 1890

18^3.

1894

1896

1896


Na-
tional.
... 1,108
... 1,174
... 1,247
... 1,302
. . . 1,323


Entered-
For-
eign.
4,683
4,828
5,267
5,556
6,160


Total.
5,786
6,002
6,514
6,858
7,483


t Cleared -

Na- For-

tional. eign.
1,100 4,703
1,170 4,769
1,254 5.289
1,309 5,503
1,322 6,166


Total.
5,803
5,989
6,538
6,812
7,488


Na-
tional.
2.208
2,344
2.501
2,611
2,645


-Total-
For-
eign.
9,386
9,597
10,556
11,059
12,326


Total.
11,589
11,941
13,057
13.670
14.971


3

•a






With Cargoes Only.










a


1890

1893

1894

1895

, 180$


494
461
444
491
464


4,468
4,600
5,081
5,115
5,639


4,962
5,061
5,475
5,606
6,108


445 8,177
407 3,482
398 3,804
426 3,857
416 4,288


3,623
8.889
4,202
4,282
4.704


939
868
842
916
880


7,645
8,082
8.885
8,972
9,927


8.584
8,960
9,677
9.888
10,807








With Cargoes and in BaUast.










i


f 1890

1898

1894

1895

1898


... 1,564
... 1,832
... 1,891
... 1,814
... 2,027


3,888
4,424

5,028
4,969
5,863


5,457
6,256
6,913
6,773
7,890


1,559 3,832
1,831 4,313
1,908 4,985
1,853 4,906
2,088 5,688


5,391
6.144
6,838
6,759
7,021


3,128
3,668
3,794
3,667
4,060


7,715
8,787
9,957
9,865
11,551


10,838
12,400
13,761
18,538
14,911


=






With Cargoes Only.










:W


1890

1893

1894


... 1,537
... 1,811
... 1,857


3,720
4492
4,820
4,789
5,596


5,257
6.008
6,677
6,580
7,597


1,382 1,626
1,632 2,038
1,672 2,184
1,635 2,135
1,751 2,487


3,008
3,670
3,806
3,770
4,188


2,919
3,443
3,529
3,426
3,753


5,346
6,280
6,954
6,874

8,082


8,265
9.678
10.488




1895

.1896


... 1,791
... 2,002


10,300
11,785








With Cargoes and in BaUast.










&


f 1890

1896

1894

1896

1896


1
2

7
3
3


1,811
1.502
1,718
1,856
1,989


1,812
1,504
1,726
1,859
1,992


1 1,778

2 1,279
5 1,487

3 1,605
3 1,940


1,779
1,281
1,492
1.508
1,943


2

4
12
6
6


3,589
2,781
3,306
8,361
8,929


8,591
2,785
3,217
3,867
8,986


S -

s






With Cargoes Only.










e


1890

1898

1894

1895

. 1896


1
2
7
3
3


1,800
1,460
1,642
1,764
1,941


1,801
1,462
1,649
1,767
1,944


1 915

2 1,185
5 1,413

3 1,456
3 1,889


916
1,187
1,418
1,459
1,842


2

4

12

6

6


2,715
2,645
3,055
3,220
8,780


2,717
2,649
8,067
3,226
3,786








With Cargoes and in BaUast.












fl890

1896


... 1,812
. . . 1,957


3,561
8,879
4,182
4,098
4,761


5,873
5,886
6,338
6,117
7,051


1,813 3,581
1,989 8.880
2,138 4.212
2.101 4.166
2,880 4,789


5.894
5,869
6,850
6,267

7,069


3,625
3,946
4,294
4,120
4,620


7,142
7,719
8,894
8,264
9,500


10,767
11,665


!

no


1894

1896

1896


... 2,156
. . . 2,019
... 2,290


12,688
12,384
14,120






With Cargoes Only.










1890

1896


... 1,197
... 1,204


1,238
1,376
1,511
1,308
1,290


2,485

2,580
2,890
2,628
2,706


1,648 2,482
1,765 2,820
1,885 8,019
1,828 2,868
2,042 8,149


4,030
4,585
4,854
4.691
5,191


2,745
2,969
3,214
3,148
13,458


3,720
4,196
4,580
4,171
4,489


6,465

7,186




1894

1895


... 1,879
. . . 1,315


7,744
7,814




1 1896


... 1,416


7,897








With Cargoes and in BaUast.












f 1890


367


4,921
5,144
5.462
5,827
6,796


5,288
5,798
5,948
6,258
7,253


879 4,897
690 5,150
479 5,425
393 5.774
481 6,841


5,276

5,840
5,904
6,167
7,272


746

1,339

965

824

888


9,818
10,294
10.887
11,601
18,637


10,564


3


1893

1894

1895

1896


649
486
431
457


11,683
11,852
12,426
14,525






With Cargoes Only.













1890


289


8,778
3,877
4,071
4,463
4,735


4,067
4,881
4,500
4,845
5,155


308 3,740
510 4,073
412 4,377
332 4,741
367 5,469


4,048
4,583
4,789
5,073
5,836


697
1,014
841
714
787


7,518
7,950
8,458
9.204
10,204


8.115


1898


504


8,964




1894


429


9,299




1895


382


9,918




. 1896


420


10,991



Digitized by LjOOQ IC



136



THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



Coun-




tries.






f 1890.




1806.




1894.




1805.


«


1806.







s i




s






1890.


1898.




1894.




1805.




Ib96.



Year.



With Cargoes and in Ballast.



-Entered » / Cleared -

Na- For-
Total. tional. eign.



Na- For-

tional. eign.

2,850 1,(106



2,193
2,852
2,806
2,740



9S1
800

987
1,076



1,749
2.054
1.905
1,906



4,024 2,31

3,942 2,222

4,400 2,313

4,211 2,267

4,646 2,724



1,674
1,789
2,067
1,947
1,948



With Cargoes Only.*

1,079 2,010 400 127

1,143 2,012 872 141

1,814 2,313 845 176

1,271 2,258 377 171

1,193 24369 458 209



Total.
4.009
4,011
4,480
4,214
4,672



527
513
521
548



Na-
tional.
4,604
4,415
4,665
4,573
5,464



1,381
1,241
1,344
1,364
1,529



-Total-
For-
eig



4,121
3,852
3,854



1,206
1,284
1,600
1,442
1,402



Total.
7,933
7.963

8,786
8,425
9,318



2,537
2,525
2,984

2,806
2,961



f 1890 206

« I 1893 128

■S i 1894 146

g I 1896 157

I 1896 219



With Cargoes and in BaUast.

2,738 2,944 224 2.747 2,971 430 5,485 5,915

3,460 3,583 123 3,436 3,550 246 6,896 7,142

8,650 3,805 131 8,700 3,831 277 7.850 7,686

4,185 4,292 160 4.055 4,215 317 8,190 8,507

4,574 4,793 228 4,485 4,711 445 9,060 9,504



With Cargoes and in BaUast.



ill

>

a



f 1890 363 1,288 1,641 849

1893 329 1,996 2,322 339

1894 287 2,303 2,680 278

1805 98 2,753 2,851 114

1896 477 3,155 3,632 479

With Cargoes Only.

1890 261 929 1,190 346

1803 244 1,097 1,841 381

1894 211 1,520 1,731 267

1895 71 1,496 1,567 113

1896 361 1,678 2,029 467



1,177
1,640
1.954
2.305
2,613



1,062
1,450
1,884
2,116
2,307



1,526
1,970

2,227
2.419
3,092



1,897
1,800
2,151



702 2,465

668 8,633

560 4,347

212 5,058

966 5,768



3,864



606
575

478
184
818



1,981
2,556
8,404
3,615
4,075



3,167
4,301
4,907
5^270
6,724



2,587
3,131
3,882
3,799



With Cargoes and in BaUast.

, d f 1800 1,831 4,510 6,341 1,883 4,123

g£ 1893 2,844 4,062 6,406 2,408 4,080

8? i 1894 2.694 3,994 6,688 2,885 4,003

Ea I 1895 2,506 8,741 6.247 2,493 4,522

^3 U896 2,938 4,178 7,116 8,061 6,042



5,506
6,433
6,978
7.015
8.003



3^14
4,747
6,570
4,999
5*989



8,683

8,092
8,087
8^63
9,220



11,847
12,830
13.666
13,262
15,209



With Cargoes and in BaUast.



f 1890.
1893.
1894.
1805.
1896.



I

o



1890.
1803.
1804.
1805.
1896.



1,716
1,876
1,825
1,748
1,038



1,099
1,069
1,136
1,191



938 2,654

971 2,847

937 2,762

876 2,624

971 2,900



1.752
1,992
1,787
1,840
1,975



947
967



875
960



With Cargoes Only.



646
094
651
636
700



1.600
1,793
1,720
1,772
1,801



1,534
1,620
1,434
1.483
1,667



748
732
712
666
706



2,600
2.950
2.717
2,715
2,071



2,282
2,361
2.140
2,149
2,375



3,468
3,868
3,612
3,588
3,913



2,407
2,728
2,506
2,019
2,868



1,885
1,938
1,807
1,751
1,937



1,394
1,420
1,363
1,302
1,408



5,353
5,806
5,470
5,380
5,880



3,801
4,154
3.866
3.921
4,266



( 1890.
-s 1803.
( 1894.



With Cargoes and in BaUast.



14

7
2



1,427 1,441
1,603 1,610
1,313 1,315



14 1,293
4 1,579
2 1,295



1,307
1.583
1,297



28
11

4



2,720
3,182
2,608



2,748
3,393
2,612



With Cargoes and in BaUast.

-' ( 1800 410 2,461 2,871 440 2,428 2,868 850 4,880 5,739-

5 - 1805 474 2,258 2,732 200 2,773 3,030 740 5,081 5,771

6 ( 1800 172 3,144 3,316 443 3,519 3,962 615 6,663 7,278

♦Tonnage of cargoes only.



Digitized by LjOOQ IC



STATISTICS OF RAILROADS.



137



Railroads.

Algeria.— In 1807, there were 2,156 miles open for traffic.

Alsace-Lorraine.— In 1896, there were open 1,078 miles, of which 961 miles belonged to the State.
Angola. —In 1896, 200 miles were open.
Anhalt.— There are 200 miles.

Argentine Republic— The official returns for the railways of the Republic for the year end-
lag December 81, 1895, are shown as follows :



Length

In Kilo- Passengers

metres. Capital. Carried.

State railways 1,068 $42,426,297 161,448

Private railways guaranteed by the

State 3,920 124,016.498 81,116,994

private railways not guaranteed.... 6,272 248,380J&9 12,572,785

Provincial railways 2,996 81,152,012 1,008,080



Tons of
Cargo

Carried.
859,861

1,512,237
5,592.544
2,149,599



Gross

Receipts.

$529,941

4,630,826
17,812,099
8,454,602



Net

Profits.

$64,153

1,685,040
9,808,270
1,148,579



Grand total 14,222 $498,076,081 $14,554,257 9.614,041 $26,457,468 $12,651,051

In 1896, there were 14,489 kilometres, or 8,983 miles. *

Austria.— The following are railway statistics of Austria : In 1896, State lines, 4.533 miles ; com-
panies* lines worked by the State, 983 miles ; companies* lines worked by companies, 4,774 miles. Total,
10^40 miles.

The capital expenditure or total cost of construction in 1896 was 2,661,712,000 florins.

The traffic statistics in 1896 were as follows : Passengers, 105,200,000 ; goods carried, 100,000,805
tons; receipts, 263.954,900 florins; working expenses, 153,896,000 florins.

N. B.— For other and earlier statistics, see "Commercial Year Book," Vol. Ill; also previous
issues.

Baden. -In 1805. there were 1,024 miles, of which 871 belonged to the State of Baden, besides 67
miles in neighboring territories, income, 54,018,076 marks ; expenditure, 84,470,257 marks. Capital in-
vested by the State is 475,000,000 marks.

Barbados.— 24 miles.

Bavaria.— In 1807, 3,908 miles, of which 3,385 miles belonged to the State.

Belgium.— In 1896, total number passengers carried by State railroads was 82,676,592 ; by the com-
panies, 24,155,216. Gross receipts for the State, 160,434.763 francs, of which 58,060,194 francs were for
passengers; and for the companies, 48,182,862 francs, of which 13,184,718 francs were for passengers.
Expenses for the State, 90,757,305 francs; for the companies, 20,429,910 francs. The first cost of the
State railroads from their origin, in 1884, to the end of lo95 amounted to 1,413,057,543 francs; net re-
ceipts from 1835, 1,505,187,060 francs, and financial charges, 1,437,088,840 francs.

Bolivia.— 500 miles now built.

Brazil.— In 1896, 8,086 miles open for traffic, 6,403 under construction, 4,670 under survey, and
8,440 miles to be surveyed. Of the lines open, 1,832 were Union lines, 2,259 miles were subventioned
lines, 905 miles were non-sub ventioned lines, and 3,000 miles conceded to or administered by States.
Most of the railroads have been constructed with the guarantee of interest (mostly 6 and 7 per cent.)
on the capital by the Government. The total cost of the Union lines to the end of 1894 has been 257,-
674,987 milreis, and the deficit paid from the national Treasury 11,118,481 milreis.

Brunswick.— In 1897, 302 miles.

Bulgaria (including Eastern Rumelia).-In 1897, 600 miles ; in Bulgaria proper, 343 miles.

Canada. -For 1805, 1896, and 1897, years ending June 80, the following statistics are shown :







Passengers.


Freight.


Tear.


Miles.


Number.


Tons.


1896


16,091


13,987,580


21,524,421


1896


16,270


14,810,400


24,266,800


1807


16,550


16,171,338


25,300,831



Receipts.

$46,78o,487
50,545,569
62,353,277



Expenses.

$32,749,669
85,042,655
35,168,666



Net

Profit.

$14,035,818

15,502,914



Capital
Paid Up.
$894,640,559
899,820,000
921,858,232



In 1807, of the capital paid up, $149,937^86 represented Federal Government aid, and 46,782,000 aid
from Provincial Governments and municipalities.

Cape of Good Hope.— In December, 1896. 2J853 miles of Government railroad, with 96H miles
under construction ; private railroads, 25414 mile-*; capital expended on Government railways to the
end of 1896, £2,119,341; gross earnings in 1896, £4,078,561; expenses, £1,921,800; number of passengers
carried in 1896, 7,978,652 ; tonnage of goods, 1,378,345 (of 2,000 lbs.).

Ceylon.— 207 miles open for traffic in 1895, and 215 miles surveyed and projected.

Chili.— In 1896, 2,504 miles open, of which 1,075 miles belonged to the State. The cost of the
State lines to the end of 1893 was 64,459,179 pesos, or, including lines (600 miles) ultimately falling to
the State, 77.540,011 pesos.

China.— In 1896, 870 miles.

Cochin China.— 51 miles.

Colombia.— In 1807, 400 miles open, 270 miles unfinished, and 85 miles contracted for.

Congo Independent State.— 164 miles open, 86 miles in course of construction.

Costa Rica.— 131 miles.

Cuba..— 1,000 miles.

Denmark.— In 1896. 1.434 miles open, of which 1.067 miles belong to the State. Total cost to State
to March 81, 1897, 206,942,082 kroner.

Bast Africa Protectorate (British).— In 1896, 120 miles open.

Ecuador.- 58 miles.

Botpt.— In 1897, 1,148 miles belonging to the State, and 72 miles companies; total, 1,215 miles.
100 miles under construction, and Government grants for 230 miles.



Digitized by



Google



138



THE COMMERCIAL TEAR BOOK.



England.— See United Kingdom.

Finland.- In 1807, 1,505 miles, all of which, excepting 20 miles, belonged to the 8tate. Traffic in»
1805, 3,022,200 passengers, and 1,218,841 tons of goods. Total cost to State to end of 1805, 192,548,100
marks; total revenue of same. 15,457,000 marks, and total expenditure, 10,120,000 marks.

France.— Some general statistics are shown as follows :

Construction Goods

Length Cost. Receipts. Expenses. Passengers. Carried.

Year. Miles. £1,000. £1,000. £^000. I.OOTb. 1,000 Tons.

1890 20,666 560,080 46,731 34,238 241,119 92,506

1894 22,339 615,480 49,389 27,491 336,514 99,105

1895 22,505 620,480 50,542 27,368 348,852 100,834

1896 22,649 628,480 51,906 27,464 363,009 104,046

German East Africa.— 10 miles.

German Empire.— Some general statistics are shown as follows :

Total Length Percentage

in English Total Capital Expenditure Receipts on Capital

Years. Miles. in 1,000 Marks. (1,000 Marks). (1,000 Marks), of Surplus.

1889-90 25,958 10,304,442 703,916 1,271,068 5.50

1894-96 27,392 11.280,120 864,775 1,416,951 4.90

1895-96 28,071 11,481,738 856,722 1,504,375 5.64

Of 28,882 miles owned by the State. 2,817 miles were owned by private companies. In 1896-96,,
248,055,000 metric tons of goods, including live cattle, were carried, paying 984,108,000 marks. Number
of passengers, 502,833,000, yielding 405,973,000 marks. Narrow-gauge lines not included in these figures,
but are in the tabular matter.

Greece.— In 1897, 591 miles open, and 300 under construction.

Guatemala.— 150 miles open and 210 under construction.

Guiana (British).— 38?tf miles.

Hamburg.— In 1896, 23 miles.

Hesse.— 612 miles— all except 24 miles the property of the States of Hesse, Prussia, and Baden.



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