William Usborne Moore.

The Commercial year book online

. (page 7 of 125)
Online LibraryWilliam Usborne MooreThe Commercial year book → online text (page 7 of 125)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


thousands or lire :



1884.

France 196,704

Uniied Kingdom 250,706

Austria 123,897

Germany 141,761

Russia 71,894

Switzerland 66,985

United States and Canada. 109,859

Turkey, Serria, Roumania. 15,433

Belgium 81.730

Argentine Republic 20,573

Central America. 7,770

British Possessions in Asia 74,645

Egypt 21,181

8pain and Gibraltar 10,781



n ports —
1895.


1896.


1894.


— Exports —
1895.


1896.


164,101


137.263


153,816


141,167


157,599


234,703


2*9,990


124,312


115,682 ,


110,557


135,045


135,174


127,528


117,308


126,029


146,779


146,672


150,620


175,948


166,187


103,848


118,844


13,892


12,660


12,783


45,962


45,307


210,254


193,607


173.161


124,182


121,570


91,197


101,846


86,453


31,550


42,734


18,434


20,576


17,956


27,562


27,923


23,778


18,527


19,005


25,638


27,431


29,565


85,638


57,375


2,411


5,1)81


1,919


1,121


4,913


59,473


66,667


13,533


19,636


25,509


9,321


5,541


10,604


12,238


14,386


11,345


9,573


12,747


11,851


12,990



Commerce with the United States.

The values of the imports into the United States and of the exports from the United States to
Italy for the years ending June 30 were as follows :



Imports into United States. .
Exports from United States.



1893.


1894.


1895.


1896.


1897.


1898.


$28,250,241


$18,006,075


$20,851,761


$22,142,487


$19,067,195


$20,300,291


13,019,539


13,910,620


16,363,425


19,143,606


21,502,423


23,270,858



The principal imports into the United States for the year ending June 80, 1896, were: Argol,
$1,488,478 ; sulphur, $1,586,551 ; fruits (lemons and oranges). $5,941,855; hides and skins, $843,548 ; mat-
ting (floor), $684.886 ; oils (vegetable), $946,722; cheese, $475,940 ; silk (unmanufactured), $4,587,761;
wool, and manufactures of, $533,467 : silver, $40. Exports from the United States were : Corn, $583,268 :
cotton, $10,533,082: refined mineral oils, $1,829,177; tobacco (unmanufactured), $2,874,478; wood, and
manufactures of, $714,959.

Imports and Exports op Gold and Silver Coin and Bullion.



Year. Imports.

1890 $1,913^25

1891 2,316,000

1892 4,173,109

1893 2,899,208

1884 3,579,320

1895 1,030,427

1886 1,106,006



-Gold-



Exports.

$3,817,212
8,184,500
6,710,037

14,964.167
4,578,867
3,262,472
2,748,610



Year. Imports.

1890 $9,212,739

1891 8,163,900

1892 10,653,251

1893 8,920,296

1894 17,358,980

1895 432,127

1896 1,045,446



-Silver-



Exports.

$9,047,222
8,916.600

12,233,185
6,901,927
4,483,107
1,655,940
1,717,291



Shipping, Railroads, Post-Offices, Telegraphs. (See index.)



Money and Circulation.

The money is the same as that of France, the lira being- equal to 19.3 cents.
State and bank notes is shown as follows :



The circulation of



State notes..
Bank notes*.



1890.
1,000 Lire.
342,809
1,126,440



1892.


1898.


1894.


1895.


1896.


1,000 Lire.


1,000 Lire.


1,000 Lire.


1,000 Lire.


1,000 Lire


841,414


351,792


492,149


510,000


510,000


1,188,885


1,221,634


1,128,598


1,085,675


1,069,233



Gold was coined to the value of 1,864,400 lire in 1800 ; 653,220 lire in 1891 ; 674,120 lire in 1892 ; 824.280
lire in 1893. No silver has been coined in recent years. In 1894 bronze pieces were coined to the
amount of 3,790,978 lire ; nickel, 17,780,200 lire : in 1895, nickel, z,219,800 lire.

The total coinage from 1862 to the end of 1894 was : Gold, 426,332,990 lire ; silver, 567,037,025 lire ;
nickel, 17,780,200 lire ; bronze, 83,636,121 lire ; total, 1,094,786,836 lire. The recoinage was 28,954,834 lire.

For gold and silver coins, see Index.

Note.— For further information see this " Year Book," Volume I, pages 61-63.

•Including, for 1893, 9,182,000 lire ; for 1894, 2,445,000 lire ; and for 1895, 857,355 of notes of the Banca
Romana (in liquidation).



Digitized by



Google



36



THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



Banking.

There are now only three banks of issue : The Banca d' Italia ; the Banca di Napoli, and the
Banca di Sicilia. In 1806 the condition of the three institutions combined was as follows, in thousands
of lire:



Assets.

•Cash and reserve 585,614

Bills 813,457

Credits 90,730

Deposits 1,475,044

Various securities 920,150

Total 3,384,995



Liabilities.

Capital 347,000

Notes in circulation 1,069,233

Accounts current 306,371

Titles and valuables deposited 1,475,044

Various 175,788

Total 3,375,436



There are 759 co-operative credit societies and popular banks, with assets at the end of 1891
amounting to 754,072,665 lire, and liabilities 745,789,445 lire; 150 ordinary credit companies, with assets
1,726,911,882 lire, and liabilities 173,940,689 lire. Eleven agrarian credit companies had assets (1892) 49,812,-
389 lire, and liabilities 49,759,134 lire. There were 10 credit foncier companies with assets 1,071,378,107
lire, and liabilities 1,063,418,487 lire (1894).

SAVING8-BANK8, BTC, 1896.



Total Deposits Repayments

Offices. Depositors. Deposits. during* Year. during- Year.

Lire. Lire. Lire.

Post-office savings-banks 4,827 2,997,562 478,000,000 281,024,939 278,208,432

Ordinary savings-banks* 395 1,475,008 1,258,052,466 456,616,930 411,274,397

Co-operative savings-banks and

ordinary credit companies* . . 762 445,075 318,933,482 354,394,381 367,943.087

In 1895 the ordinary savings-banks had 1,588,412 depositors, their total deposits amounting to
1,343,723,104 lire.



* Figures are for the year 1893.



Digitized by



Google



BELGIUM.



37



BELGIUM.



Area and Population.

The area of Belgium is 11,373 square miles. According to the census of 1890, the
then 6,069,321; In 1880 it was 5,520,009; in 1870, 5,087,826: in 1860,4,731,996; in 1850,4,426,1
4,072,619. The population per square mile in 1896 was 571.1 ; total population Dec. 81, 6,



Distribution of Population by Occupations (1890).



Mining and metal industries

Industries connected with vegetable products..

Industries connected with animal products

Mixed industries

Commerce

Professions and official occupations

Various occupations and independent

Total

Without profession or status

Grand total



Males.
277,997
226,818
38,806
282,881
215,559
506,847
509,261

2,057,169
1,151,093

3,208,262



Females.

15JW6

85,442

13,415

190,878

111,532

153,440

862,246

882,219
2,199,592

3,061,811



ion was
and in 1840,



Total.



Immigration and Emigration.



Immigration..
Emigration...



1890.
21,458
21,675



1891.
20,741
18,994



1892.
21,774
22,532



1893.
21,686
22,117



1894.
24,685
18,302



1895.
23,476
18,617



262,260
52,221
473,759
327,091
659,287
871,507



6,290,07^



1896.
24,501
19,762



Excess of immigration.. Dec. 217 Inc. 1,747 Dec. 758 Dec. 481 Inc. 6,883 Inc. 4,859 Inc. 4,793



Fiscal Affairs.

The following table shows the revenue and expenditures, in thousands of francs, for the years
indicated :

4 Revenue » * Expenditure »

Year. Ordinary. Extraordinary. Total. Ordinary. Special. Total.

1,000 fr. 1.000 fr. 1,000 fr. 1,000 fr. 1,000 fr. 1,000 fr.

1870 190,537 14,905 205,442 191,844 25,064 216,906

1880 291,921 102,294 394,215 292,009 90,899 382,908

1885 818,170 19,915 833,085 813,916 87,835 851,251

1890 840,526 87,878 378,404 335,281 82,663 417,894

1894 862,600 42,589 405,185 353,340 49,219 402,559

1895 872,644 23,086 395,730 364,819 45,564 410,388

1896 388,696 91,737 480,433 886,174 65,054 441,228

The amended budget for the year 1897 was : Ordinary revenue, 886,923,178 francs, and ordinary
expenditure, 386^96.842 francs.

The national liabilities in 1897 were: Share of the Netherlands debt, at 2K per cent., 219,959,632
francs ; loans at 3 per cent., 2,088,537,690 francs, and the floating debt (treasury bonds), 20,000,000 francs,
making a total of 2,328,497,322 francs.



Agriculture.

Of the 2,945,715 hectares which compose the area of Belgium, 67.84 per cent, are under cultiva-
tion, and 16.61 per cent, under forest, 7.88 per cent, uncultivated, the rest roads, marshes, rivers, etc.
The agricultural population in 1880 numbered 1,199,319, or 21.77.

In 1880, the various agricultural products were distributed as follows (in hectares) : Cereals, 934,-
663 ; peas, beans, etc., 33,093 ; sugar beet, 32,627 ; flax, 40,078 ; other ornamental plants, 24.070 ; root
plants, 88,153; potatoes, 199,357 ; grasses, 536,000; heaths, brushwood, land not regularly cultivated,
etc., 231,964; fallow, groves, orchards, etc., 146,592; forests, 489,423. The principal cereals were wheat,
275,961 hectares ; oats, 249,486 ; rye, 277,640.

The estimated yield of the various crops in 1896 was as follows : Wheat, 7,238,595 hectolitres ;
barley, 1,445,616 hectolitres; oats, 8,477,118 hectolitres: rye, 7,422.135 hectolitres; potatoes, 81,679,940-
quintals; beet (sugar), 9,374,551 quintals; beet (other), 9.814,386 quintals. In 1895, the yield of tobacco
was 5,166,000 kilogrammes.

The total value of agricultural products in 1880 was 1,412,224,000 francs ; and of animal produce,
238,752,380 francs. The net revenue from forests alone in 1890 was 4,830,884 francs.

In 1880 there were 271,974 horses, 1.382,815 horned cattle, 365,400 sheep, and 646,376 pigs.



1 hectare = 2.471 acres. 1 kilogramme = 2.2046 pounds avoirdupois.



Digitized by



Google



38



THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



Mining and Metals.

The production and value of ooal were as follows :

1880. 1890. 1891. 1892. 1893. 1894. 1895. 1896.

Tons (1,000) 16,886 20,366 19,676 19,683 19,411 20,686 20,468 21,218

Value in francs (1,000)... 169.680 268.503 247,454 201,288 181,40* 191,292 193,867 202,010

The production of pig iron and manufactures of iron were as follows :

1890. 1891. 1892. 1893. 1894. 1895. 1896.

Pig iron-
Tons 787,836 684,126 753,268 745,264 818,597 829,234 959,400

Value (1,000 francs). 50,073 88,318 38,716 38,052 40,828 40,207 51,580

Manufactured iron-
Tons 514,311 497,380 479,008 485,021 453,290 445,899 519,857

1,000 francs 82,988 72,602 64,879 61,873 57,589 55,729

Steel ingots-
Tons 221,296 221,913 260,087 273,113 405,661 407,634 598,755

Million francs 24,989 21,307 23,277 22,929 33,011 31,018 50,510

Steel rails, etc.—

Tons 201,817 206,306 208,281 224,922 341,318 367,917 519,300

1.000 francs. 81,278 29, IU 27,601 28,868 40,201 42,419 63,129

The lead produced in 1896 amounted to 17,222 tons, and in 1897, 14,800 tons ; 149,599 tons of zinc*
crude and sheet, in 1896, valued at $12,427,000; and 28,509 kilog. of silver, valued at 1638,000. In 1897*
the pig-iron production was 1,034,732 tons; steel ingots, 616,604 tons.



Foreign Commerce.



The imports and exports of Belgium, under •* special " and •• general " trade,' were as follows, in
francs:



1890.
1891.
1892.
1893.
1894.
1895.
1896.,



i General Trade v

Imports. Exports.

3,189,160,016 2,948,151,841

8,119,623,667 2,817,"05,898

2,817,674,833 2,664,423,337

2,810,709,742 2,690,261,736

2,703,080,783 2,424,560,429

2,904,948,026 2,604.862,583

3,037,400,000 2,720,300,000



t Special Trade >

Imports. Exports.

1,672,100,000 1,437,000,000

1,799,800,000 1,519,000,000

1,536,500,000 1.369,400,000

1,575,900.000 1,355,900,000

1,574,500,000 1,3(6,700,000

1,680,400,000 1,385,400,00

1,776,700,000 1,467,900,000



The leading articles of "special trade " for 1896 and 1897 are shown as follows, in thousands of
francs :



Animals, living

Animal products (crude).

Arm* (Are)

Butter

Chemical products

Coal

Coffee.



Copper and nickel

Drills and chiffons

Drug supplies

pish*.../.. .....!.....;"....:::::::

Glassware ['

Grains, and products of. .' . .' .' .' .' .' .* .' .' * ..".**'

Hides

Iron and steel

Machinery and tools ....!..'....'.

Manures

Meats .'!"!'.!.'.'!.*!;"'.'.

Mineral products (crude). ...............

Papers

Pigments and colors. ..'.'.'.'.'.'.'.

Rubber (crude)

Stone

Textiles !!..!.'.'.' .*.'.'.'.'.' .'.'.'.'.'

Textile material*, raw (not cotton &' wool')!

Tin, lead, and zinc _.,...-

Vegetables and vegetable substances 96,142

v egetables, eggs, rice, salt (colonial) 39.366

Vegetable oils 18,856

Wearing apparel 14,358

Wines 27,070

Wood, oak, and walnut 102,297

Yarns of linen, wool, etc 30,0»9



1897.
47.769
37,761
1,673
13,194
83,854
36.219
62,345
19,646
11,324
33,341
22,620

4,000
277,585
75.354
36,316
26,857
16,798
19,816
91,547

5,500
26,585
13,636
16,852
61,632
54.89(5
27,910



-Imports-



56,571
87,122
1,562
14,219
87,136
31,153
52,260
19,596

9,370
21,533
21,955

3,761
299,547
67,513
36,096
22,991
18.203
17,735
73,845

5,477
27,635
10,118
10,115
65,515
57,229
27,286
106,770
38,578
18,555
13,867
39,522
89,996
31,603



, Exports

1897.
36,321
35,203
15,298
; 6,433
47,682
95,618
184
14,218
15,343
23,470

8,900
74,004
80,362
72,780
129,001
73,070
80,488
25,285
49,506
17,843
23,656
10,233
34,264
50,580
80,646
52,300
48,362
30,211
13,900

9,758

263

12,984

109,519



1896.
31,363
35,511
15 «*07

6.622
45,590
95,845
105
16,578
12,945
17,240

3,744
78,344
73,909
65,808
132,940
61,714
23,807
28,650
38,657
19,851
24,256

7,723



55,604
61,477
51,295
5U*5
27,097
12.048
9,721
272
12,700
111,277



Commerce with the United States.

The values of the imports and exports as between the United States and Belgium, for years
ending June 80, were as follows, in thousands of dollars :

1892. 1893. 1894. 1895. 1896. 1897. 1898.

Imports from the United States... $48,7*5 $20,740 $28,423 $25,243 $27.(171 $33,072 $47,606
Exports to the United States 10,273 11,166 8,610 10,141 13,776 14,082 8,«42



Digitized by



Google



BELGIUM.



39



The principal articles of imports from Belgium for the year ending June 30, 1896, were : Cement,
$871,000; chemicals, drugs and dyes, $241,607; chicory root, $000,993; cotton, manufactures of.
$366,112; flax. hemp, and lute, manufactures of. $576,354; furs, manufactures of, $366,602; glass and
glassware, $1,688,616; hides and skins, not furs, $211,336; jewelry, $1,269455; leather, kid gloves,
$410,608: paper stock, $872,141; provisions, meat products and cheese, $267,292; sugar, not above No.
16 D. 8., beet, $1,771,977; wool, $1,432,400; manufactures of, $666,694.

Principal exports to Belgium were : BreadstufTs, $3,893,234 ; copper, ingots, bar, and old, $1,525,-
851; cotton, unmanufactured, $3,539,012; iron and steel, manufactures of, $611,490: leather, manufac-
tured, $446,419; naval stores (rosin, etc., and turpentine), $742,158; oil cake and oil-cake meal, $1,206,-
719; refined mineral oil, $2,637,758; provisions, $4,877,036, of which $2,520,358 is bacon and hams and
$1,900,065 is lard ; tobacco, unmanufactured, $2,216,921 ; wool, and manufactures of, $591,108.

Gold and Silver Coin and Bcllion, Imports and Exports.



Year. Imports.

1890 $9,202,507

1891 866,479


-uuw »

Exports.

$195,444

2,517


1892 512,878


10,534


1893 546,675

1894 8,904,676

For years 1855 to 1884, see this " Tear Book,


82,450
325,100

" Volume I, page



4 on y

Imports.
$10,595,251


Exports.
$1,179,518


297,911


13,823


338,179


25,879


362,453


60,419


1,004,219


3,864,205



Shipping, Railroads, Telegraphs, Post-Offlce. (See index.)



Money.

The franc is the unit of value, and is of the par value of 19.8 cents. Belgium is one of the five
? States forming the Latin Union.

For gold and silver coins, see Index.

For monetary system of Latin Union, see "Commercial Year Book, 11 Volume I. pages 61-63.

The nominal value of coin minted and circulated from 1832 to 1894 was : Gold, 598,642,745 francs ;
• silver, 556,342,745 francs; copper and nickel. 17,671,784 francs; total, 1,172,657,275 francs. No coinage
. has been minted recently. The proportion of Belgian and of foreign fractional silver coin (2, 1, and yi
> franc pieces) in circulation was as follows : Of silver fractional pieces amounting to 849,217 francs
received at the offices of the bank on September 1, 1893, 43.53 per cent, in value was Belgian, 84.24 per
cent. French, 17.83 per cent. Italian, 3.65 per cent. Swiss, 0.745 per cent. Greek ; or 56.465 per cent, was
. foreign.



Banking.

The one bank of emission in Belgium is the National Bank, instituted 1850. Its capital, entirely

Eaid up, is 550 million francs. It is the cashier of the State, and is authorized to carry on the usual
anking operations.

The situation of the bank on September 80, 1897, was : Cash, 104,300,000 francs : notes to bearer
< in circulation, 486,000.000 francs ; accounts current and deposits, 41,400,000 francs ; port folio, 426,800,000
' francs ; advances on mortgage, 28,000.000 francs ; treasury account and deposits, 46,200,000 francs.
The condition of the 54 joint-stock and private banks at the end of 1896 was :



Assets.



Cash

> Securities-
Commercial

Public funds, etc..

Accounts current

Advances



Total.



1,000 Francs.
39,577

160,390
296,908
399,115
261,037

1,166,027



Liabilities.



Paid-up capital

Reserves (various)

Contracts for fixed term.
Contracts short dated ....
Unpaid dividends



1,000 Francs.

205,288

96,862

274,576

568,793

20.508



Total.



There are, besides, agricultural banks, credit unions, and popular banks.
• statistics of the State savings-banks :



1,166,027

The following are



Year.



Offices. Depositors.



1890.
l«93.



844

856



731,057
960,468



Amount of

Deposits at

End of Year.

Francs.

282,588,099
351,308,338



Year.



1894.
1895.



Offices. Depositors.



859

868



1,053,669
1,145,408



Amount of
Deposits at
End of Year*
Francs.
390,181,775
427,317,066



Digitized by



Google



40



THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



RUSSIA.



Area and Population.

The area of the Russian Empire, including its internal waters, covers 8,644,100 English square
miles. There has been no general census enumeration of its population since 1859, when the number
of inhabitants was 74,000,000 in round numbers. The growth of population has since then been largely
accelerated by acquisitions of territory, and the rate of increase is indicated by the following figures,
supposed to be based on careful estimates. The latest census figures are appended and differ slightly
from the estimated population for 1896, given in this work last year:

European Central

Year. Kussia. Poland. Finland. Caucasus. Asia. Siberia. Total.

1867 63,658,934 5,705,607 1,794,911 4,583,640 2,686,246 3,827,627 81,696,965

1970-72.. ... 65,704.559 6,006,421 1,832,138 4,893,332 4,566,096 3,428,867 86,451,413

1882-83 77,879^521 7,083,475 2,142,093 6,534,853 5,237,354 4,093,535 102,970,831

1886 85,282,101 8,319,797 2,232,378 7,458,151 5,532,021 4,493,667 113,817,115

Average )

yearly V.. 1,081,158 130,710 21,873 143,725 140,289 68,302 1,581,057

increase )
Last census 94,188,750 9,442,590 2,587,801 9,723,553 7,590,275 5,731,732 129,211,113

According to official statistics there was in Russia an excess of emigration over immigration in
the case of Russians of 1,146,052 in 33 years (1856-1888), and a surplus of immigration of 2.304,717 foreign-
ers during the same time. Emigration is on the increase. Of late the Russians, especially Jews, con-
tributed a large part to the flow of emigrants into the United States. During the years 1871-85, 8,767,-
605 foreigners entered Russia, but only 7,525,360 left, showing thus an immigration of 1,242.245 (563,345
Germans, 447,736 Austrian*, 9,395 English, and nearly 100,000 Persians). The surplus of foreigners who
entered Russia during the years 1886-88 (2,478,430) over those who left was 278,947, while the surplus of
Russian subjects who left Russia (1,413,018) over those who returned was 136,129.

The emigration to Siberia may be judged from the following numbers of emigrants carried on
board the steamers which ply on the Ob and Irtysh : In 1888, 26,129; in 1889, 30,410; in 1890, 38.000; in
1801, 60,000 ; in 1892, 100,000 ; in 1895, 100,000, and in 1896 and 1897 from 150,000 to 200,000 each year.



Fiscal Affairs.

The followingtable gives the total actual ordinary and extraordinary revenue and expenditure
in paper roubles. The table is made up upon a new classification adopted on June 4, 1894, and differs
from preceding years as follows : (J) All revenue which was commonly calculated in the budget esti-
mates with the fluctuating value of the rouble is now calculated at a uniform value of 1 rouble 50
copecks paper = 1 rouble gold, and 1 rouble 50 copecks in silver; and (2) various articles which were
differently classed in former estimates, some of them in the ordinary and others in the extraordinary,
are classed for all the ten years according to the new classification, in paper roubles :



-Revenue-



1886..
1888.,
1890.
1891..
1892..
1893..
1894..
1*95..
1896..
1897..
1898..



Extraordinary.

183,843,657

54,662,834

94,858,076

29,513,486

189,617,408

160,523,630

75,226,335

153,068,740

43,500,457

3,809,627

3,300,000



Ordinary.

847,589,274

836,992,477

914,789,775

925,355,708

952,575,764

996,392,639

1,045,512,088

1,129.439,236

1,229,044,280

1,284,858,862

1,338,085,213



-Expenditure-



Extraordinary.
97,438,987
69,231,493
123,901.207
178,,377,328
166,759,310
47,702,806
101,423,380
366,634,470
255,308,655
129,112,19ft
123^64,710



Budget Estimates, 1896, 1897, and 1898.

Revenue.

1896.

Sources of Revenue. Roubles.
I. Ordinary Revenue.
Direct Taxes -

Land and personal 48,023,965

Trade licenses 43,352,800

On capital 13,159,000

Total di rect taxes 104,535,765



1897.
Roubles.



39,921,328

44,047,800
13,854,500

97,823.628



1898.
Roubles.



40,875,71ft
45,277,800
14,424,300

100,577,81ft



Digitized by



Google



RUSSIA.



41



1896.
Sources of Revenue. Roubles.
Indirect Taxes-
Excise on spirits 284,262,000

tobacco 32,461,000

sugar 42,295,000

naphtha 19,059,800

44 matches 7,518,000

Customs duties 153,876,000

Stamp duties 66,274,922

Total Indirect taxes 604,736,722

Hint, mines, post, and telegraph 44,779,211

Saleof spirits by the State 31,242,000

State domains 294,085,647

Saleof State domains 899,459

Redemption of land : State's peasants 47,820,995

Liberated serfs 41,179,005

Reimbursement of railways and other loans 60.758,332

Miscellaneous 6,374,371

War contributions 3,137,943

Total ordinary revenue 1,239,471,695

II. Extraordinary Revenue.

Perpetual deposits at the Bank of Russia 2,200,000

Sales of State's domains

Total extraordinary revenue 2,200,000

To meet extraordinary expenditure 119,876,299

Total revenue 1,361,547,994



1897.
Roubles.

284.900,000

34,917.000

47,526,000

21,061,000

7,015,500

159,687,100
70,811,511


1898.
Roubles.

260,453,000

34,913.000

51,046,000

20,782,000

7,015,200

169,260,000
70,210,674


626,918,111

57,144,880

68,182,800

329,479,275

598,429

45.618,000

42,060,000

59,660,994

5,230,378

1,650,000


623,679,874

48,529,100

85,461,000

370,127,108

593.339

43,181,586

37,376,714

57,318,227

5,163,453

2,450,000


1,318,366,496

2,400,000
1,408,627


1,364,458,217
3,300,000






3,808,627


3,300,000


91,795,936


106,291,709


1,413,971,058


1,4:4.049,923



Expenditure.



1896.

Branches of Expenditure. Roubles.

I. Ordinary Expenditure.

Public Debt-
fa) Interest and capital. State debts 215.866,838

(b) Interest and railway obligations 53,361,225

(c) Unpaid arrears

Higher institutions of the State 2,434,087

Holy Synod 17,487.903

Ministry of the Imperial Household 12,964,653

Foreign Affairs 4,693,280

War 288,521,969

Navy 57,966,000

Finances 186,811,134

44 Agriculture and State Domains 32, 180,197

Interior 90,024,643

Public Instruction 24,863,081

44 Ways and Communications 196,411,583

Justice 28,009,858

State control 5,956,395

Direction of studs 1,535,588

Unforeseen 12,000,000

Total ordinary expenditure 1,219,088,414

II. Extraordinary Expenditure.

For railways and ports *130,459,580

Total extraordinary expenditure 130,459,580

Total expenditure 1,361,547,993



1897.


1898.


Roubles.


Roubles.


216,708,383


218,675,036


61,720,626


51,716,196


1,901,500


1.701,500


2,590,328


2,612,842


19,652,264


20,374,941


12,810,667


12,597,492


4,762,138


4.802,176




Online LibraryWilliam Usborne MooreThe Commercial year book → online text (page 7 of 125)