William Usborne Moore.

The Commercial year book online

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806,000
308,000


1,427,000
1,585,000
1,694,000
1,758,000
1,900,000
1,795.000


5,778,000
6,465,000
6,917,000
7,228,000
7,509,000
7,432,000


297,000
312,000
368,000
416,000


5,210,000


1,476,000


218,000


1,694,000


6,904,000




5,860,000
5,674,000
5,867,000
6,110,000
6,272,000
6,659,000


1,286,000
1,512,000
1,578,000
1,624,000
1,704,000
1,682,000


241,000
810,000
861,000
400,000
444,000
503,000


1,527,000
1,822,000
1,989,000
2,024,000
2,148,000
2,1*5,000


6,877,000
7,496,000
7,808,000
8,134,000
8,420,000
8.844.000


467,000
504,000
569,000
617,000
697.000
791,000


5,988,000


1,664,000


877,000


1,941,000


7.929,000


608,000


7,015,000
6,800,000
6,627,000
7,060,000
7,280,000
7,441,000


1,810,000
1,944,000
1,872,000
1,593,000
1,940,000
1,711,000


557,000
632,000
679,000
671,000
803,000
861,000


2,367,000
2,576,000
2,551,000
2.264.000
2,743,000
2,572,000


9,882,000
9,376,000
9,078,000
9,324,000
10,023,000
10,013,000


924,000
914,000
918,000
958,000
1,074,000
1,105,000



982,000

1,004,000
1.075,000



Digitized by LjOOQ IC



422



THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



Production, Imports, Exports, and Consumption— Crop Tears 1871 to 1898.

(From the Bureau of Statistics and " Financial Chronicle.")

Three Figures Omitted.



Year. r- A nnual Crop. — >

Bales. Lbs.

1871 4,347 2,030.094

1872 2,974 1,384,084

1873 3,931 1,833,189

1874 4,170 1,940,648

1875 3,828 1,783,644

1876 4,632 2,157,958

1877 4,474 2,095,901

1878 4,774 2,260,286

1879 5,074 2,404,410

1880 5,761 2,771,797

1881 6,606 3,199,823

1882 5,456 2,588,240

1883 6,950 3.405,070

IS** 5,713 2,757,544

1885 5,706 2,742,966

1886 6,576 3,182,306

1887 6,505 3,157,378

1888 7,047 3,439,172

188J» 6,938 3,439,935

1^90 7,311 3,627,366

1891 8.653 4,316,044

1892 9.035 4,506,576

1893 6.700 3,a52,658

1894 7,5.50 3,769,381

p 1895 9,901 5,036,964

189(5 7,162 3,595.776

1897 8,714 4.383,820

1898 11,181 5,667,372



Disposi
/ Don


tion of


Foreign


Total Con-


lestic .


r-Productlon-s


sumption,


Ex-


Consump-


Im- Consump-


Domestic


ported.


tion.


ported.


tion.


& Foreign.


Lbs.


Lbs.


Lbs.


Lbs.


Lbs.


1,462,928


567,766


1,197


420


558,186


933,537


450.547


2,894


2.606


453,153


1,200,064


633,125


4,426


4,091


637,216


1,358,602


582,046


3,626


3,248


585^94


1,260,419


523,225


2,149


1,716


524,941


1,491,405


666,553


2,451


2,227


668,780


1,445,369


650,532


2,657


2,379


652,911


1,607,534


652,752


3,082


2,096


654,849


1,628,373


776,038


2,994


2,491


778,528


1,822,081


949,736


3,548


3,313


953,049


2,191,929


1,007,894


4,450


3,209


1,011,103


1,739,976


848,264


4,340


2,496


850,761


2,288,075


1,116,995


4,082


843


1,117,838


1,862,573


894,972


7,019


5,666


900,637


1,891,659


851,307


5,116


3,506


854,813


2,068.037


1,124,268


5,072


3,795


1,128,064


2,160,457


987,921


8,925


34J08


991,129


2,264,121


1,175,052


5,498


5,294


1,180,345


2,384,817


1,055,118


7,973


7,785


1,062,908


2,471.780


1,155,566


8,606


8,358


1,163,924


2,907,359


1,408,685


20,909


20,461


1,429,146


2,935,220


1,571,356


28,664


28,531


1,599,887


2,212,115


1,140,543


43,368


43,007


1,183,550


2,683,282


1,086,099


27,706


26,676


1,112,775


3,517,533


1,519,431


49,332


48,560


1,567,992


2.365,882


1,298.451


41,149




1,339,600


3,040,771


1,452,185


38,988




1,491,173


3,823,000


1,542,000









Exports to Each Country.

The following table shows the exports of unmanufactured domestic cotton, by countries, from
1821 to 1898. (Last three figures of each column omitted.)





United




Ger-


Bel-








Year Ending


Kingdom.


France.


many.


gium.


Russia.


Spain.
Lbs.


Italy.


.1 une 30.


Lbs.


Lbs.


Lbs.


Lbs.


Lbs.


Llw.


1821


87,718


27.439


748




304


284


897


1830


209,830


75.105


1,123


.....


111


32


236


1840


494,915


179,090


9,158


12,890


2,203


524


3,902


1850


431,531


125,834


5,044


12,746


4,338


27,676


9,353


18(50


1.264.136


283,967


66,072


14,800


21,698


44,021


27,018


1870


649,165


153,146


86,775


1,726


15,170


27,704


7,274


1874


903,571


177,365


114,613


8,553


64,090


53,359


12.298


1875


911,941
957,329


155,139
203,975


75,284
108,545


3,118
15,538


65,708
80.896


29,813
47,561


9,041


1876


23,379


1*77


1,020.365


219,088


77,605


2,298


25,109


46,030


11,547


1878


1,039,948


236,030


121,649


14.191


85,428


40,tt85


18,110


1879


983,774


196,988


137,484


9,563


154,323


70,607


23,808


1880


1.216,627


179,846


154,022


8,948


102,250


fri.936


29,563


1881


1,364.835


276,926


233,095


9,159


133,857


63,810


37,5?2


18S2


1.180.896


166.770


162,481


2,366


92,116


57,631


22,036


18H3


1,388.205


214,414


269,291


21,027


173,677


98,469


40 303


]*K4


1,1^2.126


228,684


181,527


15,431


96,819


67,964


25.862


1885


1,209.917


180,730


234,493


42,832


67.565


67,659


39,520


1886


1,222.240


200.821


284,717


62,534


92,461


84,207


55,236


1887


1^56.757


233.045


280,832


55.144


75.629


69,249


36,611


1888


1.419,262


196.098


280,312


65,395


108.398


84,665.


55,187


1889


1,470.400


200,098


3i0.377


73.903


72,017


90,766


65,533


1890


1,452.576


242.379


418,820


46,793


96,581 '


87,669


64.875


1891


1,700.606


27C,550


509,571


48,711


67,805


109.418


97,(01


1892


1,690,843


346,392


482,441


67,186


67,196


93.729


85,501


1893


1,181,588


284.029


425,193


45,199


18,178


100,106


80.009


1894


1,485,451


305,426


454,694


64,453


70,840


112,682


105,817


l*w»".


J.77r 891


395.349


752 315


72 670


70999


127.839


16H.327


1896


1,133,611


239.133


519,229


43,983


45,811


108,089
111,459


130,822


1897


1.5(53,593


358,012


685,788


40.865


42,020


157,870


1898


1,766,050


421.019


929,262


80,971


51,912


131,824


193,790



Other

Countries.

Lbs.

7,500
12,020
41,257
18,856
45,970
17,594
34,749
10,375
54,178
43,3?2
61,488
51,824
63,867
71,611
55,677
82,686
64,156
48,940
65,817
62,188
54,800
81,718
62,i03
97,685
101.932
77,813
83.879
155 143
95,889
144,148
275,336



Total.
Lbs.

124,893
298,450
743,941
635,381
1,767,686
958,558
1,35S,602
1.260.418
1,491,405
1,445,369
1,607,533
1,628,374
1,822,061
2,190.928
1,?39,975
2,288,075
1,862,572
1,891,659
2,068,037
2,169,457
2,264,120
2,384,816
2,471,799
2,907.359
2,935,220
2,212,115
2,683,282

2,335,226
3,103,755
3,850,264



For statistics since the year 1801, see Volume I, pages 365-6-7-8-9.



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THE COTTON INDUSTRY.



423



Foreign Movement in Goods.

Exports op Cotton Manufactures, by Countries, Years Ending June 30, 1803-1808.

Cotton Clotlis.

Countries. 1893. 1894. 1896. 1896. 1897. 1898.

United Kiugdom $530,863 $712,578 1659,444 $588,476 $830,421 $736,284

Germany 17,784 128,524 127,537 149,309 96,672 43,096

Other Europe 70,680 65,259 46,237 100,272 95,620 100,755

British North America 647,663 987,837 387,160 1,189,615 1,776,483 783,985

Mexico 291,893 309,091 389,544 494,365 366,753 415,910

Central American States and Brit-
ish Honduras 348,136 431,052 668,333 648,546 599,126 396,510

West Indies (including Bermuda).. 1,168,018 1,245,926 950,184 953,726 919,602 927,711

Argentine Republic 331,485 317,883 188,247 274,983 270,844 181,868

Brazil 1,325,787 1,435,546 1,594,726 919,185 607,019 565,921

Colombia 181,478 160,351 298,332 401,690 382,546 281,803

Other South America 1,126,740 1,227,787 1,394,518 1,572,683 1,364,903 1,126,871

China 1,638,657 2,846,220 1,703,023 3,854,146 7,114,574 5,195,845

British India and East Indies 144,759 330,077 282,278 138,603 199,880 627,843

Other Asia and Ocean ica 289,395 487,464 761,263 411,685 1,905,581 1,35«,824

Africa 490,331 271.690 444,572 793,386 748,236 554,301

Other countries 514,815 537,511 583,819 467,707 5,350 5,296

Total $9,108,484 $11,494,786 $10,479,217 $12,958,357 $17,281,620 $13,290,823

Other Manufactures of Cotton Goods.

United Kingdom $241,670 $361,867 $259,280 $384,675 $467,656 $380,08?

Germany 119,434 164,835 230,514 171,080 219,069 190,041

France 7,367 9,849 10,774 16,502 10,492 4,44?

Other Europe 41,285 97,175 48,230 50,420 51.817 70,085

British North America l,aw,001 1,275,623 1,719,871 1,754,002 1,351,179 1,681,64?

Mexico 140,322 151,575 151,924 322,729 346,139 334,65*

Central American States and Brit-
ish Honduras 70,589 71,424 172,191 193,310 240,683 213,503

West Indies (including Bermuda).. 143.215 14.5,155 128,200 143,303 161,708 128,804

Argentine Kcpublic 56,877 32,461 18,209 41,933 66,845 34,726

Brazil 76,782 103.143 107,792 73,787 67,975 50,828

Colombia 38,511 40,052 83.953 32,7?2 54,832 45,064

Other South America 56,147 48,261 58,035 56,633 66,683 34,810

British Australasia 57,8(51 71,485 89,087 119,437 181,397 167,274

Other Asia and Ocean ica 262,853 246,954 222,988 455,332 398,566 336,931

Africa 18,587 10,405 15,440 46,321 70,232 52,728

Other countries 11,379 16,836 23,734 16,803 10,787 7,312

Total $2,700,871 $2,846, 100 $3,290,222 $3,879,039 * *,750,058 $3,733,269

Total cotton manufactures... $11,809,355 $14,340,886 $13,769,439 $16,837,398 $21,037,678 $17,u24,002

Imports of Cotton Manufactures, by Countries, and Classes of Articles, 1893 1898.

Cotton Manufactures.

1893. 1894. 1895. 1896. 1897. 1898.
Cloth-
France $121,219 $278,020 $351,559 $504,339 $582,609 $559,107

Germany 422,364 249,992 295,354 »>5,971 415,101 500,801

Switzerland 1 16,259 90,299 533.760 £52,673 3<9,2H2 156,287

United Kingdom 4,9*5,367 2,845,067 4,297,513 3,855,141 3,283,173 4,179,120

Other Europe 3,978 6,094 4,860 4,420 3,328 30,946

All other countries 7,290 11,334 71,013 17,879 4,206 8,189

Total $5,797,477 $3,480,806 $5,554,059 $5,100,424 $1,677,679 $5,434,450

Clothing, etc., not including knit
gooas—

Belirium $198,819 $182,860 $182,427 $197,110 $225,033 $167,019

France 298,027 23X.363 452,697 481,340 462,166 266.498

Germany 581,731 360,942 657,900 640,303 503, 168 361,966

Switzerland 39,079 323,011 212.647 97,372 109,601 16,481

United Kingdom 508,009 514,619 1,214,789 1,302,422 1,260,954 188,512

Other Europe 14,892 3,421 2,992 17,672 25,289 16,573

China 33,798 24,371 29,580 31,240 23,758 24,976

Other Asia 6,274 10,136 4,722 14.309 8,532 6,541

All other countries 1,422 1,055 9,123 1,547 2,721 1,988

Total $1,682,049 $1,658,778 $2,766,877 $2,683,315 $2,627,222 $1,050,554

Knit goods: Stockings, hose, and
other-
France $444,949 $256,907 $307,748 $411,583 $336,394 $241,278

Germany 5,626,779 3,903,003 5,954,481 5,509,539 4,994,881 3.616,333

Switzerland 77,788 55,580 23,769 44,211 64.144 57,874

Uni ted Kingdom 238,360 130,207 231 ,550 21 1 ,304 1 85,530 116,352

Other Europe 3,848 14,657 17,446 13,772 15,572 1,530

All other countries 451 301 185 263 182 1,114

Total $6,392,175 $4,360,655 $6,535,179 $6,190,672 $5,598,703 $4,034,483



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424



THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



1886.
$111,807


1894.
$6te22
783,336


1895.
$117,128


1896.
$182,111


1807.
$146,531


1898.
$126,522


1,031,980


1,195,083


1,241,628


1,783,857


2.871,742


1,513,557


1,244,509


1,747,558


1,223,343


1,996,162


1,888,797


5,591,776


3,758,653


6,589,788


5,763.885


5,679,977


4,881,703


4,404.607


2,126,381


2,999,464


2,494^256


2,935,015


2,944,2*1


20,106


37,194


27,420


12,803


14,146


24.894


8,466


6,474


9,580


20,928


18,520


30,765


(12,741,798


$8,021,769


$11,686,016


1*0,878,954


$12,573^07


$11,768,704


$2,330
37,730


$9,344


$2,106
16,468


$241


$1,579


$107


15,888


17,162


14,667


8,917


51,528


38,557


36,473


27,60b


55,871


J&S? 9


668,214


261,474


602,628


826,167


574,173


622^18


2,830


786


990


894


1,094


3,114


12


180


40
$658,702


5
$872,067


2


14


$762,653


$826,£>4


$647,888


$687,999


$221,550
651,905


$156,420
447,028


$58,306
570.204


$35,332
531,626


$29,676
500,453


369,383


1, Owl, 634


861,635


1,112,876


1,045,881


1,402,460


896,895


57,091


94,06*


247.071


206,^8


164,922


241,277


4,018,613


2,853,198


3,929.850


4,755,221)


6,084,626


2,664,082


15,809


15,711


24,608


81,582


40,465


30,074


113.840


51,825


43,091


81.556


64,967


24,875


13,699


18,416


14,786


24,837


18,627


80,427


$6,184,141


S4.49x.315


$5,995,792


$6,712,072


$8,307,164


$4,291,110



Laces, edgings, embroideries,etc-

Belgium

France

Germany

Switzerland

United Kingdom

Other Europe

All other countries

Total

Thread (not on spools), yarn,eU*.

Belgium

France..

Germany

United Kingdom

Other Eu rope

All other countries

Total

All other—

Austria-Hungary

France

Germany

Switzerland

United Kingdom

Other Europe

Japan

All other countries

Total



Prices in New York and Liverpool.

(Compiled by A. B. Shepperson.)

Highest and Lowest IPrices in New York.

Middling Upland Cotton During Each Month and for the Season.

Season of Season of Season of Season of Season of Season of

1892-93. 1893-94. 1894 95. 1895-96. 1896-97. 1897-98.

High. Low. High. Low. High. Low. High. Low. High. Low. High. Low.

September.. 7% 71-16 8 7-16 713-16 6 15-16 6 5-16 9tt 8*6 S% 8 3-16 7 13-16 6*4

October 8M 711-16 89-16 81-16 6 5-16 5« 9$* 8*2 8« 715-16 6H «

November. .10 8 5-16 8*6 715-16 6 6H6 t 8% 8 3-16 7% 6 513-16

December... 10 9K 81-16 7 13-16 5 13-16 5 11-16 8 fr-16 8*4 711-16 71-16 515-16 513-16

January 915-16 9 7-16 8 5-18 7<A BH 5*tf 85-16 83-16 7% 71-16 515-16 5%

February.... 9 7-16 9 81-16 7% (M 59-16 8*4 713-18 7 7-16 7 8 5-16 515-16

March 9*4 8« 73* 7tf 6 7-16 5 9-18 8 7% 7 7-16 7 8-16 6 5-16 61-16

April 89-16 79? 7*2 7j| 7 6% 8*4 7% 7jK 75-16 67-16 63-16

May 713-16 7% 7% 7*| 7% 6*i 8$1 8 7% 7% 69-16 65-16

June 81-16 7% 77-16 7*2 7* 7 8 77-16 7% 711-16 69-16 65-16

July 8 8-16 715-16 7 5-16 615-16 7 8-16 7 7 7-16 71-16 8 VA 644 61-16

August..... 8 7M 7 6% 83-16 7*6 8% 7 M6 8*4 7% 6*1 5*

Highest of I 10c. on 8 9-16c. on 8 3-16c. on 9%c. on 8%c. on 7 18-16c. on

Season... f Nov. 25. Oct. 16. Aug. 29. Oct. 15. Sept. 10. Sept. 1.

Lowest oft 71-lBc. on 6%c. on 5 9-16r. on 7116c. on 7c. on 5f4c on

Season... f Sept. 3. Aug. 2. Nov. 12. July 15. Feb. 13. Aug. 22.

Highest and Lowest Prices in Liverpool.

Middling Upland Cotton During Each Month and for the Season.

Season of Season of se»if»on or Season of Season of Season of

1892-93. 1893-94. 1894 95. 1895 Ht. 1896-97. 1897-98.

High. Low. Hlffh. Low. High. Low. High. Low. High. Low. High. Low.

September.. 4*4 815-16 411-16 4% 3 29-32 317 82 423-32 4 7 32 4 27-32 496 4 532 8«

October 44 4*4 494 4H 3K 36-32 415-16 4 29 32 411-16 4 7-16 3% 8k

November. . 5W 4 7-16 4% 4 7-16 3 7-32 2 31-32 4 25 32 4 7-16 4§6 411-32 311-32 8 7-82

December... 55-16 5 47-16 4^ 35-32 3 1-32 421-32 4';, 4% 331-32 3W 88-16

January.... 5% 5*4 4 7-18 4*4 3 3-32 2 31-32 4% 4U 41-16 815-16 8*4_ 88-16

February.... 5 3-16 4 13-16 4*4 41-16 31-32 2 31-32 419-32 4% 4 1-32 825-82 315-32 88-16

March 51-16 4% 43-16 4*6 311-32 3 413^J 4^ 41-32 829-82 815-82 85-16

April 411-16 43-16 43 16 41-16 311-16 311-32 413-32 4 11 32 4J4 4 821-3287-16

May 4 5-16 4*6 41-16 315-16 3% 3 9-16 415-32 4 5 32 4*1 4 8-32 3% 817-32

June 49-1H 43-16 41-16 3 15-16 3 29-32 3% 4832 327 32 4 £-32 43-82 819-8287-16

July 4916 4% 4 325-32 3*4 321-32 4 1 32 W 49-32 4 5-32 815-32 313-38

August 4*4 4 3-16 8% 813 10 4&-32 311-16 4 23-32 4 3-32 4 5-16 4 1-16 317-32 8 5-16

Highest of I r*$d. on 494d. on 4 9-33d. on 4 15-16'. on 4 27-32d. on 4 5-82d. on

Season... J Jan. 6. Oct. 17. Aug 30. Oct. 16 Sept. 8. Sept. 2.

Lowest of I 315 16d.on 325-32d.on 231-32.1. on 39*d. • ^ 3 25-32d.ou 33-16d.on

Season... f Sept. 1. July 31. Nov. 14. July 27. Feb. 13. Dec. 10.

FOR DAILY OR WEEKLY PRICES OF COTTON AND COTTON GOODS, SEE INDEX. UNDER

"PRICES."



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THE COTTON* INDUSTRY.



425



Dyeing and Finishing.



The following table shows the growth of tue dyeing and finishing industry, as returned by tha
several censuses :

No. of 4 — Average No. of Em — . Cost of

Establish- ploy es, and Total Wages. Material Yalueof

Year. raents. Capital. Employes. Wages. Used. Products.

1860 104 $4,818,350 5J06 * $11,540,847 $16,454,480

1880 124 5.718,671 7,097 $2,001,588 5,006,485 11,718,468

1870 292 18,374,503 18,068 5,231,538 +90,580,998 +118,017,687

1880 191 26,288,981 16,698 6,474,364 13,664,296 32,297,430

1890 248 38,460,800 20,287 9,717,011 12,385,220 28,900,580

Note.— The table exhibited does not embrace the statistics of establishments connected with
cotton, woolen, or silk factories. While chemicals and dyestuffs to the value of $8,407,693 were con-
sumed in 1890 by the dyeing and finishing manufacturers themselves, the silk, woolen, and cotton
mills in which dyeing and finishing are done consumed chemicals and dyestuffs valued at $11,278,970.

Classes or Goods Dyed and Finishkd.

The various classes of goods dyed and finished, with the quantities and value thereof in 1890, are
3h own as follows:



Woolen yarns, dyed. ,

Worsted M

Cotton

Spun silk.

Thrown silk.

Wool stock,

Cotton ♦* " ,



Wool and worsted piece goods, dyed..
Cotton " *• ...

bleached .

?>rinted...

dyed



Silk
Mixed



Total value



Lbs.


Value.


17.999,661


$751,801


9,842,157


493,974


48,462.750


2,086,127


311,880


119,810


8,822,017


2,846,387


1,160,666


48,828


4,676,344


204,827


Square Yards.


Value.


30,779,084


$652,998


446,496,822


5,671,488


454.357,758


3,889,940


507,667,868


10,355,082


7.405.399


894,777


80,716,250


2,069,765




$28,900,560







•This item was not fully reported at the census of 1850.

+ At the census of 1870. the value of the fabric itself was included, whereas at all subsequent
censuses merely the values added to such fabrics by the process of dyeing and finishing are given.



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426



THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



THE WOOLEN INDUSTRY.



The following 1 table exhibits the growth of the woolen industry, including hosiery and knit
goods, from I860 to 1890 inclusive, as returned by the several censuses :



1860.
1860.
1870.,
1880..
1890.



Year.



No. of




/-Average No. of Em — *


Cost Of




Total


Establish.




ployes, and Total Wages.


Material


Value of


Horse-


merits.


Capital.
$32,516,366


Employes.


Wages.


Used.


Products.


power.


1,760


v


$29,244,696


$49,636,881




1,673


42,849,932


58,522


$13,361,602


46,649,365


80.734,606




3,456


132,382,319


119,869


40,357,235


134,154,615


217,668,826




2,680


159,091,869


161,557


47,389,087


164,371,551


267,252,913


15i,6i9


2,480


296,494,481


219,182


76,660,742


203,095,572


337,768,524


237,404



Geographical Distribution.



The following table illustrates the geographical evolution of
localization :

Wool-Carding Machinery — » - —

r-No. of Cards (Sets)-> . Per Ct. of Total » ^-No,

1870. 1880. 1890. 1870. 1880. 1890. 1870.

Total U. 8.... 9,224 7,581 8,198 100 100 100 281

Massachusetts.. 1,512 1,660 1,837 16.39 21.90 22.41 172

Pennsylvania... 1,468 1,155 1,299 15.92 15.24 15.84 29

New York 1,170 1,150 1,403 12.69 15.17 17.11 1

Bhode Island... 490 495 572 5.31 6.53 6.98 7

Connecticut.... 752 622 646 8.15 8.20 7.88 34

N. Hampshire.. 418 385 492 4.53 5.08 6.00 12

Maine 335 274 387 3.63 3.61 4.72

Kew Jersey.... Ill 184 235 1.20 2.43 2.87 6

Vermont 200 167 M 2.17 2.20 1.91

Ohio 334 182 112 3.62 2.40 1.37

Indiana 346 160 163 3.75 2.11 1.87

Illinois 251 109 71 2.72 1.44 87

In above States. 7.387 6,543 7,364 80.08 86.31 89.83 261

All other States 1,837 1.038 834 19.92 13.69 10.17



the industry arid its tendency to



Worsted Industry v

of Combs-, ^-PerCt. of Total-*
1880. 1890. 1870. 1880. 1890.
518 855 100 100
190 265 65.90 36.68
124 191 11.11 23.94
80 88 0.38 15.44
70 195 2.68 13.51
21 34 13.03 4.06
21 29 4.60 4.05



515
3



29 230 1.74



1(H)
30. 9ft
22.34
10.29
22.81
3.H8
3.39
0.5«
3.39



836 100 99.42

19 0.58



97.78
2.22



Machinery.



Numbbb or Cards, Combing Machines, Looms, and Spindles and Total. Amount or Wool.
Used, as per Censuses or 1860 to 1890.



Year. Cards.

W60 3,319

1870 9.224

1880 7,581

1890 8J98



Combing
Machines.



261
£18

885



Looms.

16,075
46,175
59.261
69.807



Spindles.

639,700
2.194,498
2,254.996

3,182,500



Total Wool.

Lbs.
100,682,810
214,373,219
287,597,334
351,158,020



Quantities and Values of Products, Census of 1890.

Products. Quantities. Value.
Woolen, worsted, union, and cotton-warp cloths, coatings, cassimeres,

etc., for men's wear square yards. . 104,938.311 $83,521,714

Woolen, worsted, union, and cottou-warp overcoatings, cloflkings, etc.,

for men's and women's wear square yards. . 14,883,893 13,0e2,801

Woolen, worsted, union, and cotton- warp dress goods, sackings, tricots,

ladies' cloth and broadcloth, alpaca*, mohairs, etc., for women's

wear square yards. . 126,692,829 32.149.923

All-wool, union, and cotton- warp flannels ** .. 61.195.^01 18.582,549

8atinets " .. 18,630,656 4,298.082

Linings, Italian cloths, and lastings " 4.585.080 1,255.520

Jeans, kerseys, and linseys " 17,121,217 4.738.034

Jersey cloth " .. 3,072.533 2.171.328

Buntings * .. 566,880 135.9*3-

Carriage cloths * 4 1,282,921 626,791

Total piece goods " a52.974.821 $160,562,725.

• This item was not fully reported at the census of I860.



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THE WOOLEN INDU8TRY.



427



Products. Quantities. Value.

Woven shawls of wool or worsted square yards. . 4,7*8,682 $2,098,685

All-wool, union, and cotton-warp blankets " 20,79o,644 7063,900

All- wool, uniou, and cottou-warp horse blankets *• . . 6*607,074 1,721.616

Can-wire robes " .. 776,963 646,904

Total " .. 31,885,333 $11,620,848

Woolen, worsted, and union upholstery goods " 4,181,288 1 ♦* a*i laa

Braids and picture cords running yards.. 133,869,751? , * ,WH ' 1W

Ingrain carpets, 2 and 3 <>.y, and ingrain art carpets square yards. . 36,726,370 15,924,45$

Tapestry and body brussels, tapestry velvet, Wilton, Ax minster, and

Moquette carpets running yards. . 38,536,565 27,125,980'

All other carpets square yards. . 1,521,330 784,204

Rugs of all kinds number.. 1,563,803 2,629,781

Total value of carpets and rugs $46,464,417

Pelts square yards.. 6,950,001 $3,120,29&

Wool hats dozens.. 1,046,481 $5,229,176

Ail-wool and union or merino yarns pounds. . 42,21 \173 $18,082,970-

Worsts yarns •• .. 29,376,182 22,411,36^

Cottonyarn " .. 3,602,936 782,849

Wool rolls, noils, waste, and ail other partly manfd. products. . *' .. 12.850,039 3,176,65$

Total yarns and partly manufactured products 88,134,330 $39,433,835-

Woolen, merino, and cotton half-hose dozens. . 7,080,943 $7,441,852*

Woolen, merino, and cotton hose ** .. 10,072,033 11,749,438

Merino, all-wool, and cotton shirts and drawers " . . 6,866,157 33,009.997

Legjrings and gaiters " .. 25,072 85,401

Gloves and mittens *• .. 898,081 1,942,03a

Hoods, scarfs, nubias, etc " .. 342,497 1,476,430

cardigan Jackets, etc %h .. 381,478 3,576,248

Knit shawls " .. 22,990 115,467

Fancy knit goods, wristlets, etc " .. 270,633 759,74$

Boot and shoe linings yards. . 7,606,711 1,088,558.

Total $61,245,169

All Other products $6,457,933

Total value of products $837,768,524



Comparison of Domestic and Imported Wool Manufactures.

Comparative Statement or Domestic and Imported Wool Manufacture, with Per Capita
Value and Pekckntaoe or Total Consumption.*



> — Domestic Manufactures (Census). — >



Online LibraryWilliam Usborne MooreThe Commercial year book → online text (page 74 of 125)