William Usborne Moore.

The Commercial year book online

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Year. Value.

1820 $4,413.<«8

1830 14,528,166

1810 20.6W,999

18'rf) 49,83 5.8*1

1860 80,734,006

1870 217.MK.826

1880 267,252,913

18911 337,768,524





Per Cent.


Vol« ie


of Total


P«T


Consump-


Capita.


tion.


$0.46


39.15


1.13


63.67


1.21


59.74


2.14


79.24


2.57


72.04


5.6")


86.82


5.33


87.11


5.39


88.63



Net Importa-
tions • Average
for 10 Years).

Value.
t$6,859,702
8,290,062
13.9V),772
13,005,852
31,333,273
33,046,521
39 537,094
43,345.981



Value

Per

Capita.

10 71
0.64
0.82
0.56
1.00
0.80
0.7«
0.69



Per Cent,
of Total

Consump-
tion.
60.85
3*5.33
40.20
21). 78
27 96
13.18
12 m
11.37



* Cotton hosiery and knit goods, included in the census figures of thin table, are not included in
the value of imports.

t Net imports for year ending September 30, 1821.



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4-28



THE COMMERCIAL YEAK BOOK.



The Movement of Wool.



numbbr and value of sheep, wool clip, average weight or fleece, imports and exports,
Consumption, and Scoured Wool.



1870..
1880..
1881..
1888..
1883..
1884..
1886..
1888..
1887..
1888..
1880..
1800..
1801..
1802..
1806..
1804..
1806...
1890..
1807..
1808..



Total Prod.

and

Imports.

Pounds.

1870.....* 311,880,190

1880. 860,881,747

1881 296,984^36

1888. 899,861,744

1883. 360,575,478

1884 378,350,651

1885. 378,506,170

1886 431,084,058

1887. 399,038,030

1888. 382,558,753

1880. 391,487,789

1800. 381,431,886

1891 414,363,648

1898. 442,670,658

1806. 475,586,838

1804 353^09.989

1806 531,802,608

1806. 585,108,199

1807 683,386,734

1808. 391,948,558







Bv 3. N.
I). North.








By Department


Pounds.


Value


Agriculture.
Pounds.


Calendar


Jan. 1.


Year.


193,364,433


162,000,000


163,000,000


90,230,537


232,500,000


264,000,000


104,070,759


240,000,000


200,000,000


106,504,954


272,000,000


300,000,000


124,365,835


290,000,000


380,400,000


119,902,706


300,000,000


337,500,000


107,960,650


308,000,000


329,000,000


92,443,867


302,000,000


323,031,026


89,872,839


285,000,000


302,169,950


89,279,926


269,000,000


301,876,121


90,640,369


265,000,000


205,799,479


100,650,761


276,000,000


309,474,856


106,397.447


285,000,000


307,101,507


116,121,290


294,000,000


383.018,405


185,900,864


303,151.055


348,538,138


89,186,110


287,105,930


325,210,712


66,686,767


309,748,000


294,208,726


65,167,736


273,000,000


272,474,708


67,020,942




259,153^51


92,721,133




266.720.< 84


{Continued.)




Total






Exports.


Retained for




Pounds.


Consumption.


Scoured.


June 30.


Pounds.


Pounds.


1,862,945


209,367,254




3,840,071


356,791,676




5.578,980


290,385 247




3,948,015


335,913,729




4,074,517


366,500,961




2,315.094


376,035*557




3,203,345


375,892,826




6,680.849


484,404,109


149,365,625


6,986,238


392,051,798


140,566,685


4,381,806


378,176,858


136,501,966


3,404,670


388,083,050


134,796,360


3,519,509


377,911,776


139,628^20


2,930,045


411,373.603


180,386,703


3.210,019


439,460,633


146,300,318


4,310,496


471,276,343


151,103,776


6,407,664


346,712,315


140,802,266


6,622,190


524,670,412


126,718,600


12,978,217


512,136,988


115,284,579


8.700,598


614,686,136


111,366.087


8,685,071


389,322,588


111,661,581



Imports.

Pound*.

June 30.

49,830,199

128,131,747

55,964^36

67,861,744

70,575,478

78,350,651

70,506,170

129,084,958

114,038,030

113,568,753

126,487,729

105,431,285

129,303,648

148,670,662

172,433,838

55,152,586

806,033,906

830.911,473

860,852,026

132,795,318



Average
Weight
I leeee.
Pound*.

3^2

4.42



5.84
5.80
6.00
6.00
6.06
6.04
6.50
6.38
6.80
6.87
6.88
6J0
6.44



Imports of Wool and Woolens.

Imports or Wool and Manufactures or Wool roR the Twelve Months Endino

Juki 30, 1807 and 1808.

(For the above statistic*, see pages fsi and iSt.)



Digitized by LjOOQ IC



THK WOOLEN INIHSTKY.



429



Wool Product of the United States, 1898.

(From the Bulletin of the National Association of Wool Manufacturers.)



Number
of Sheep.

States and Territories. April 1, 1898.

Maine 226,851

New Hampshire 74,221

Vermont 158,274

Massachusetts 40,395

Khode Island 10,564

Connecticut 30,205

New York 793,354

NewJersey 39,096

Pennsylvania 763,989

Delaware 12,47ti

Maryland 126,619

Virginia 363,813

North Carolina 273,890

South Carolina 66,540

Georgia 318,370

Florida 74,150

Alabama 204,001

Mississippi 245,580

Louisiana 116,754

Texas 2,520,068

Arkansas 131,162

Tennessee 309.080

West Virginia 422,952

Kentucky 617,131

O hio 2,307,610

Michigan * 1,312,018

Indiana 643,810

Illinois 583,133

Wisconsin 688,608

Minnesota 395,535

Iowa 555,448

Missouri 629,211

Kansas 220,993

Nebraska 258,977

California 2,418,999

Oregon 2,580,833

Nevada 526,988

Colorado 1,475,388

Ariiona 808,822

North Dakota 342,793

South Dakota 343,414

Idaho 1,548,980

Montana 3,101,497

New Mexico 2,741,871

Utah 1,800,396

w ashington 726,308

Wyoming 1,703,338

Oklahoma 24,463

Total 3o,671,914

Pulled wool

Total product, 181**.



Average
Weight,

1898.
Pounds.
6
6*



Wool,

Washed and

Unwashed.

Pounds.

1,361,106

482,437

1,093,918

222,173

58,102

166,458

4,759,524

195,480

4,392.937

62,395

633,095

1,819,065

1,389,450

332,700

1,273,480

296,636

867,004

982.320

525,393

16,380,442

557,488

1,390,860

2,326,236

3,085,655

12,114,953

8,856,122

3,862,860

3,644^82

4,475,952

2,768,745

3,610,412

3,775,266

1,767,944

2,201,305

16,932,993

21,201,872

3,952,410

9,958,889

6,229,621

2,056,758

2,060,484

11,617,200

20.935.105

12,338,420

10,802,876

6,173,587

13,626,704

171,241



6.44



229,880,065
36,860,619

266,720,684



Per
Cent,
of
Shrinkage.
42
55
57
42
42
42
50
47
52
46
47
42
43
44
40
42
42
42
50
70
42
43
48
87
50
53
45
50
52
58
58
52
67
69
66



70
60
60
68
62
53
65
72
68
66

61
40.



Wool

Scoured.

Pounds.

789,441

217,096

470,384

128,860

33,699

95,545

2,879,762

108,604

2,108,620

38,693

335,540

1,055,058

780,587

1188,312

784,088

172,049

502,862

58tf,746

262,697

4,914,133

328,314

792,790

1,209,648

1,948,968

8,057,476

4,162,877

2,124,573

1,822,291

2,148,457

1,182,873

1,516,873

1,812,128

588,421

682,404

5,767,218

6,174,643

1,264,771

3,186,838

1,868,886

82-\708

824,194

3,717,504

7,956,340

5,799,057

3,780,832

1,728,599

4,860,545

58,221

89,545,210
22,118,871

111,861,581



Estimates of Production of Wool.



(ByS. N. D. North.)

The following table shows the production of fleece and pulled wool,
and scoured wool, thd shrinkage on fleece wool being taken for each State,
mated at 40 per cent. :

Fleece and Pulled Wool, Washed and
-in the Grease



washed aud in the grease
, and on pulled wool estl-



Pounds.

301,878,121

295,779,479

809,474,856

307,401,607

338,018,405

348,688,188

825,210,712

_ 294^96,726

1898 254&2S

1897 3J5& 1

1998 388,720,864



1888.
1889.
1890.
1891.
1892.
1898.
1894.,
1896.



Decrease.

291,829
8,096,642



2,078,849



28,&7,426
80,913,986
21,822.018
18,821,467



Increase.



18,699,877

25.806^38
15,510,733



7.567.433



Pounds.
136,691,965
184,795,&50
139.828^2J
139,326.70B
146,800,818
151,108,776
140,292^68
126,718,690
115,284^79
111,385,987
111,861,681



Scoured Wool-
Decrease.
3,964.780
1.796,805



301,517



10,811,608
14,573,578
10,434,111
3.918.592



Increase.



4,88J,870



5,973,615
5,803,468



296.594



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430



THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



Stocks of Wool.



Stocks op Domestic and Foreign Wools on Hand in the United 8tates January 1, 1896, to 1889-



(From the " Boston Commercial Bulletin/ 1 )



Stocks or Domestic (in Pounds).









1897.


1896.


Boston ,






40,528,000


44,681,000


New York






4,448,800
13,050,000


4,106,000


Philadelphia


6,750,000


Albany and Troy.






1,170,000


1,025,000


Hartford






5,280,000


1,800,000


Providence






526,000


275,000


West Virginia....
Ohio and Pa






1,600,000


1,800,000






4,500,000


3,000,000


Michigan






1,600,000


1,775,000


Kentucky






1,100,000


1,500,000


Chicago






18,571,780


9,189,000


Wisconsin






1,500,000


850,000


St. Louis






6,055,000


7,640,000


Texas






1,500,000


1,900,000


Territories






2,720,000


1,060,000


Oregon






1,500,000


250,000


San Francisco






5,850,000
106,496,080


4,198,500


Total


206,891,863


106,780,000


90,799,500


Concealed sp'lles..


16,646,000


18,426,000


17,060,000


11,885,000


Total


225,067,868


127,206.000


128,558,080


102,684,500



1895.
82,416,600
6,808,000
4,060,000
1,873,000
8,000,000

400,000
♦800,000
6,000,000

700,000
+700,000
7,861,000
$960,000
6,060,000

800,000
1,900,000

250,000
4,020,000

76,789,100
22,000,000



1804
38,506,000
8,075.000
8.600,000
1,045,000
2,500,000

500,000
•600,000
7,500,000

500.470
+860,000
5,450,000

100,000
8,069,000

925.000
1,610.000

250,000
5,770,000

81,862,000
27,000,000



98,789,100 106,862,000



Stocks or Foreign (in Pounds)



1899.

Boston 52,228,327

New York 7,895,000

Philadelphia 6,000,000

Smaller markets.. 10,000

Total 66,181,827



1896
24,760,000

9,261,000
18,425,000

2,185,000


1807.
15,060,000
6,179,000
4,500,000
1,066#»


1806.

11,806,300

9,700,000

8,500,000

1,525,000


1806.

6,875,600

15,704,000

10,075,000


1804.
6,402,500
11,870,000
6,000,000









49,581,000



26,844,000



31,533,300



32,654,500



28,772,500



A Decade of Wool Consumption in the United States.

(From the " Bulletin of the National Association of Wool Manufacturers.")



mporU of Wool Fiscal Tears Ending June 50, 1888 to 1897, Inclusive* with Exports of Foreign and
Domestic Wools. Amount of Domestic Clip, and Quantity Retained for Cons
with Percentage of Foreign Wool to Total Supply as Ascertained.



estic Clip, and Quantity Retained for Consumption,
tign Wool to Total Supply as Ascerta'

(See " Commercial Year Book," Volume III, page 446.)



* Includes Wheeling, all classified separately previous to 1896.

? Includes Milwaukee.



t Includes Louisville, etc.



Digitized by LjOOQIC



THE WOOLEN INDUSTRY.



431



Annual Wool Supply.



Wool Produced, Imported, Exported, and Retailed for Consumption, 1890-1886, Fiscal Years.



do Thousands of Founds.)







Exports,










, Fine


Wool %






Domestic


* — Net Imports — »




Retained


Retained


Per




Total Im-


and


Classes


CI a 88


Pro-


for Con-


for Con-


Cent, of


Year.


ports.
... 129,804


Foreign.
2,980


I and II.


III.


duction.


sumption.
486,848


sumption.
345,966


Foreign.
10.63


1090-91..


86,783


89,882


300,475


1881-82..


... 148,671


3,210


53,360


92,313


307,101


452,562


860,249


14.81


180-88..


... 172,434


4,310


46,189


122,026


333,018


501,142


379,116


12.18


1888-94..


... 56,153


6,498


7.167


42,006


348,538


307,193


355,185


2.(&


1884-95...


... 206,062


6.622


98,388


105,402


325,211


524,722


419,320


23.4ft


1886-96...


... 280,911


12,972


126,966


97,919


294,297


512,236


414,317


30.64


1886-97..


... 850,852


8,701


295,283


112,141


272,475


614,627


502,486


46.84:


1887-98...


... 182,796


2,626


47,480


82,810


259,153


389,323


306,512


15.50


1888-88...










266,721










The yearly exports of domestic wool have never exceeded 500,000 pounds, except as follows :



. 520,247 pounds. I 1895-96 6,945,981 pounds.

.4,279,109 " I 1896-97 5,271,535 "



The World's Production of Wool in 1898.



(Estimated from the latest returns, by S. N. D. North.)



Ruropo— *•

Great Britain and Ireland 140

Russia, Including Poland 100

France J00

Germany^ jgO

Austria-Hungary 00

Italy 00

Portugal 00

Sweden and Norway 00

Turkey in Europe, etc 00

All other Europe 00

944,418,440
North America— ^^ „_

United States ^?MX'S&

British Provinces ^JKMSS

Mexioo 5, 000,000

288.720,684

South America— ^ A ^ ^

Argentine Republic ^S'S&SK

Chili 7,500,000

Brazil 1,500,000

Uruguay 90,000,000

Venezuela 15,000,000



South America (continued)— Pounds.

All other 20,000,000

604,000,000

Central America and West Indies 6,000,000

Asia-
Russia 60,000,000

British India 85,000,000

Asiatic Turkey 39,000,000

Central Asia 46,000,000

China 85,000,000

All other 16,000,000

280,000,000

Australasia 533,000,000

Africa-
Algiers and Tunis 30,425,000

Egypt 8,000,000

Cape Colony, Natal, and Orange

Free State 105,000,000

All other 1,000,000

189,425,000
Oceanica 50,000

Total 2,689,614,124



• Fleece-washed.



* Washed and unwashed.



Note,— The apparent increase in the total as between 1897 and 1898 is the result rather of more
definite information than of an actual increase in supply. The shortage noticed in Australia a year
•go has been increased during the past year, but is offset by the increased supplies from the River
plate region.



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4*2



7HK * "NMEJU1AL TEAK &»*K.



Wod Price*.

GtmrAMMttm or Apical AwmtLkuw. Pjucb or fjmio F»c Wamucd

tffjuiger ft Avery.



Fucbck or Bonos,
Fm Fouws






-f s



2 a

,8&4 .31

.07 .40

:Sg 5

.04% .46

.02 .46

<8f 47

:i«8 :i*4



.♦«

.45
.47
.43
.4*1
.34

84

4*

.50
.47
.44
.40tt
40g
.40
•37fc
.43
.30

:£*
:S*

.31



.32

.29*
.28
.28
.26

.28




r

I st

Yctr. 1

^= |

SB;;;;;;;;:.:;;;: ;i4
m« &m

UWT :a

\m 4.V4

»::::::::::::::: ST*

I30A r,7

1867 *H

\m 4»

1900 49

IB::::::::::::::: .SB

1*72 72

1*73 WW

1874 >4Z

W76.. m

1876 44fc

1877 47W

1878 **n

1879 3»V«

I860 4»M

1881 43

wm:; ::.'.*.'; ::.".'.'." :4o$
\m 37

J886 -m%

urn 34

1887 33

wan m

im 33> 4

1890 as

1891 WW

1892 29

1896 =»V*

1894 -m

l»9ft )IH

1890 18

1897 22

189M 28^

Floe Ohio Hoece, January, 18ft\ 17 cents; scoured, 38 cents.

Column 9 show 4 the clean cost In London of a class of wool most nearly corresponding to Ohio
•courod tloeoo hi column 2. Currency prices throughout in columns 1 and 2.



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THE WOOLEN INDUSTRY.



433



Course or Prices at Philadelphia for Season 1897-98, Reported by Coates Brothers.



Ohio. Penn., and West Vti.
Fleece washed.

XX and above

X

Medium

Quarter blood

Common

N. Y., Mich.. Ind., and Wis.
Fleece Washed.

XX

X

Medium

Quarter blood

Common

Combing & Delaine Fleece.

Washed, fine delaine....

4 * medium

low

*' coarse

Unwashed, medium

** quarter blood.

braid

Unwashed, Light & Bright.

Fine

Medium

Quarter blood

Coarse

Unwashed, Dark Colored.

Light fine

Heavy fine

Medium

Fine medium

Coarse

Colorado.

Medium and fine, choice.
•• ** heavy.

Common and qrt'r blood.

Coarse, carpet

New Mexican.

Choice improved, light. .

Partly improved, ^ . .

Coarse, carpet, " . .

Heavy, sandy or burry. .

Black

Fine, 13 months

Medium, 12 months

Coarse, 12 months.

Montana and Dakota.
Unwashed, fine, bright . .

" medium, bright

" coarse, bright

'* d'kc'ldLlTvy or short.
Utah and Wyoming.
Unwashed, light, fine....

" heavy, fine

" fine medium

" selected medium.

" low

Canada Washed.

Choice selected

Quarter blood

Coarse

Pulled.

City merino

City super and lambs —
Wesfn super and lambs.




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IWm 19(ft20 20321 2N323 25f£27 [email protected] 260)27 [email protected] [email protected]
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22323 22(323 [email protected] 25®27
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18(319 10319 [email protected] 20322 21(323 21&23 21<

13(315 10315 14(316 10318 [email protected]

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18(319 10319 [email protected] 20(322 20324 20324 23^24 23:
17(318 17&18 18i&19 [email protected] [email protected] 10321 [email protected]

11(312 [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] 10318 16(318 10318 16®18 10318 15<ai7 1-
10311 10311 10312 12(*14 14®16 14(316 14(316 14^16 14(^16 13ai5
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During the past fiscal year the market was largely influenced by the Tariff bill, which although
somewhat anticipated, yet was followed by advancing prices and large sales until near the close of 1897,
after which markets were more quiet, but fairly firm and steady, until the threatened war with Spain
checked trade so that business became very dull and uncertain, with prices largely nominal, although
at the close there was more demand and a rather firmer feeling.



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434



THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



THE SILK INDUSTRY,



The following table exhibits the growth of the silk industry from 1860 to 1800, as returned by the
several censuses:



1880.....


Year.


No. of
Estab-
lish-
ments.
67


Capital.
$678,300


1880




139


2,986,980


1870




86


6,231,130


1880




888


19,125,300


1890.....




472


51,007,537



#— Average No. of Em->
ployes, 4 Total Wages.
Employes. m



1,743

6,435

6,649

31,337

60,913



Wages.

$1,060^224
1,942,286
9,146,706

19,680,818



Cost of
Material

Used.

$1,008,860

3,901,777

7,817,669

22.467,701

51,004,426



Value

of

Product*.

$U800,47«

6,607,771

12J10,$8f

41,088,04*

87^88,4M



COMBINED TEXTILE INDUSTRIES.



The growth of the textile industries of the United States for a period of forty years,
by the several censuses, is shown in the following table ;

No. of

Estab- /-Average No. of Bm-^ Cost of

li*h- ployes, 4 Total Wages. Material

Year. ments. Capital. Employes. Wages. Used.

fl850 8,026 $112,513,947 146.897 $76,715,969

1860 8.027 150.080,852 194.082 $40,858,462 112.842,111

Combined textiles \ 1870 4,790 297,694,248 274.943 86,565,191 358.249.108

I 1880 4,018 412,721,496 384,251 106,050,666 302,709,884

11890 4,114 739,973,661 511,897 175,547,343 421.898,196



as re p orted



Value
of
Product*.
$U8.7ttjn
214.740,614
520,886,784
682,6Vft,«B



New Textile Machinery, 1898.



The following data, compiled from the "Textile World,** show new textile machinery compared
with previous years :

New Mills Constructed.



1898. 180T. 1896. 1895. 1894. 1893.

Cotton 84 49 66 59 23 52

Woolen. 25 53 81 83 17 33

Knitting 46 71 86 80 40 53

Total



1898. 1897. 1896. 1895. 1894.

Silk 19 43 17 10 11

Miscellaneous 10 14 8 16 28



1ft
It



134 280 207 198 114 US



Cotton

Woolen 8



Knitting 12

^otal.



Tot



Projected Mills.



1898. 1897. 1886. 1895. 1894.

28 15 47 69 28

8 7 10 6

7 17 18 5



Silk

Miscellaneous 1



50



1898 1897. 1896. 1896.
13 5 8



33 79



Projected Mills in 1898, in New England, the South, axd Elsewhere.



Else-
South. N.E. where. Total. South.

Cotton 28 28 Silk

Woolen 2 16 8 Miscellaneous

Knitting 8 4 12 —

Total 18



Else-

N.E. where. Total.

11

11

*4 11 »



Spindle Growth.

New England- 1898. 1897. 1896. 1895. 1894.

New mills 35,840 240.352 211,662 39,060

Enlargements 10,000 31,240 4,560 66,156 100,848

Southern States -

New mills 158,750 256,780 382,045 493,280 148^72

Enlargements 159,624 150,094 42,000 152,800 119,709

Middle and Western States-
New mills 7,000 4,000 24,000 19,000

Enlargements. 10.000 14,000

Total 253,374 477,954 702,957 937.898 421,689



Digitized by LjOOQ IC



COMBINED TEXTILE INDUSTRIES.



435



Distribution or Skvdiji Growth akd Nbw Mills iw 1806.
New Cotton MUU.



South— No.

Alabama. 3

Arkansas. 1

Georgia 6

North Carolina 8

8outh Carolina 8



Spindles. Looms.



Total.



80,000
8,000
97,600
31,260
87,000

168,780



800

10

1,070

000

660

IUM0



North- No.

Massachusetts. 1

Rhode Island 1

New Hampshire 1

NewYork 1

Pennsylvania. 3

~ , 1



Total 8



Spindles. Looms.
10



600



6,000

£666

7,000



60



660



New Woolen MitU.



New England (total) 11

Maine 3

Massachusetts. 7

Vermont 1

Middle States (total) 8

NewYork 8

Pennsylvania 4

New J ersey 8

Grand total



Western States (total) 8

Illinois. 1

Michigan 1

Minnesota. 1

Southern States (total) 8

South Carolina, 1

Virginia. 8



New Knitting MtUt.



New England (total) 7

Bhodelsland 8

Connecticut 1

Massachusetts 8

Middle States (total) 88

NewYork 7

New Jersey 1

Pennsylvania. 16



Western States (total) 6

Ohio 1

Indiana 1

Minnesota. 1

Michigan %

Southern States (total) 11

North Carolina 8

Georgia. 7

Texas 1



Grand total 46

New 80k MO*.



Bhodelsland (total) 1

Silks and satins 1

New Jersey (total) 8

Tie silks and ribbons 1

Broad silks and specialties 1

Dress goods 1



New York (total) t

Yarns 1

Broad silks 1



Online LibraryWilliam Usborne MooreThe Commercial year book → online text (page 75 of 125)