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Wisconsin.

Wyoming



J383.
2.75
4.30
2.20
2.10

3.00
1.90

2.87



5.50

2.57
1.22
2.26

1.75

2.19



1884.

$2.50
3.45
2.13
1.96

3.66
2.02
3,94

12.66
5.00

2.49
1.26
1.96

1.75

4.75
1.19



1885.

$2.50
3.88
2.04
2.08

3.00
1.05
3.14

1L72
6.00

2.78
1.25
1.31

1*76

4.75
1.80



1880.

$2.65
3.99
2.17
2.05
2.93
3.50
1.54
2.23



5.00

2.69
1.42
1.87

2.50
500
1.94



1887. 1888.

$2.39 $2.34

4.00 4.00

2.20 2.12

2.13 2.84

2.81 2.68

3.33 2.90

1.91 1.90

2.18 2.04
3.50 350

10.00 8.00

0.00 0.00

2.65 2.48

1.84 lJW

2.19 1.27

2.60 i.*74

7.00

2.22 1.70

.... 3.00



1889.

$2.30
3.43
1.57
2.57
3.12
2.70
1.91
2.28
1.10
8.69
6.32

2.50
1.40
2.03
4.00
2.22
8.00
1.76
6.75



1890.

$2.41
3.90
1.48
2.25
3.28
8.25
2.37
1.80
1.51
8.71
4.89

2.92
1.91
1.96
4.86
1.68
8.00
1.83
5.75



1891. 1892.

$2.33 $2.31

3.24 331
2.26 2.00

2.25 2.25
2.00 2.02
3.22 3.47
2.35 2.18
2.02 2.01
1.46 1.50
8.91 9.00
4.75

L99 2.i8

1.82 1.80
1.93 2.05
4.50
1.58 2.18
7.00 7.08

1.83 1.76
6.61 6.60



8.00



1893.
$2.27
+3.13
1.50
2.00
1.58
3.51
2.18
200
1.05
8.00
3.18
2.80
1.95
1.62
1.86

2.26
6.06
1.02
6.41
8.60



1894.
$2,026
+2.86
1.26
2.00
2.00
8.60
1.856
1.73
1.58
11.00
4.32



1895. 1896. 18W.

$2.10 $2.07 $8.14

+2.76 +2.88 +£»

1.17 1.28 1.28

2.00 2.00 1JBT
1.94 1.99 1.98
8.41 3.50 3.46
2.14 1.81 1JSO
1.46 1.66 1.41
1.20 1.66 1.60
7.49 7.06 6J8

2.01 2.00 SJtt



2.78 2.40 2.58 2.48

1.066 1.206 bl.79bl.53

1.64 1.90 1.84 L8I

i.64 1.82 lJA L40

3.48 4J7 4.04 4.42

1.878 1.84 1.87 1UU

4.58 5JB5 8.94 AM

*3.50 ZJ6Q 8.00 8.08



Average



1.49 1.49 1.49 1.63 2.01 1.46 1.02 2.02 1.97 1.96 1.74 1.837 1.44 1.84 US



+ Utah included.



X Value estimated.



b Average value, including New York.



Digitized by LjOOQ IC



MINERAL PRODUCTS OF THE UNITED 8TATE8.



443



MDTEBAL PRODUCTS OP THE UNITED STATES.



(From the U. 8. Geological Survey.)



Calbndab Years.



PRODUCTS.

Metallic.



Pijgr iron, spot value long tons. . .

Sliver, coining value (a) troy ounces .

Gold, coining value (o) troy ounces.

per (c), value at New York City. . . .pounds

1 (d), value at New York City short tons. . .

Zinc, value at New York City short tons. . .

Quicksilver, value at San Francisco. . . . flasks (e)

Aluminum, value at Pittsburg pounds

Antimony, value at San Francisco short tons. . .

Nickel (/), value at Philadelphia pounds

Platinum, value (crude), San Francisco. troy ounces.



Quantity.

8,023,127

58,884,800

2,568,188

458,007,180

187,000

81,490

80,765

1,800,000

601

17,170

168



-1896-



Total value metallic products. .
Non-Metallic— Spot Values.



Bituminous coal (a) short tons. .

Pennsylvania anthracite long tons. . .

Building stone

Petroleum barrels (hh. .

Natural gas

Brick day

Clay (all other than brick) long tons.. . .

Cement barrels (i). . . .

Mineral waters gallons sold.

Phosphate rock long tons.. . .

8alt barrels (j)...

Limestone for iron flux long tons. . . .

Zinc white short tons. . .

Gypsum short tons . . .

Borax pounds

Mineral paints long tons (fc).

Grindstones

Fibrous talc short tons. . .

Asphaltum short tons. . .

Soapstone short tons. . .

Precious stones

Pyrites long tons....

Corundum and emery short tons. . .

Oilstones, etc pounds

Mica pounds

Barytes (crude) long tons.. . .

Bromine pounds

Fluorspar snort tons. . .

Feldspar long tons....

Manganese ore long tons.. . .

Flint long tons. . . .

Monazite pounds

Graphite pounds

Bauxite long tons.. . .

Sulphur short tons. . .

Fullers' earth short tons. . .

Marls short tons. . .

Infusorial earth short tons. . .

Millstones

Chromic iron ore longltons.. . .

Cobalt oxide pounds

Magnesite short tons. . .

Asbestos short tons. . .

Butile pounds

Total value of non-metallic mineral products. . .

Total value metallic products

Estimated value mineral products unspecified (I)



187,640,276
48,010,616

'60,960,861



860,000

9,479,478

25,446,312

948,720

18,850,726

4,120,102

20,000

224,189

13,508,000



46.089
80,508
22,188



Value.

190^50,000

78,069,238

58,088,000

48,898,267

10,472,000

6,519,920

1,075,449

520.000

84^90

4,464

944

1286,782,570

1114,801,515

81,415,785

81,846,171

58,518,709

12,450,260

9,000,000

808,000

6,878,885

4,129,862

2,868,954

4,040,889

2,060,000

1,400,000

572.844

675,400

580,455



115,488
2,120



17,068

546,580

6,500

7,614

9,979

12,274

80,000

586,618

18,864

5,260

9,872

60,000

2,846

786

10,700

1,500

504

100



899,448
577,568
854,065
97,050
820,168
113,246
127,098
67,191
46.513
144,501
52,000
30,700
88,812
21,088
1,500
48,460
47,338
87,200
59,860
80.000
16,792
22,567
6.667
15,301
11,000
6,100
850



Grand total..



$834,187,878

286,782,570

1,000,000

1621,969,948



-1897-



Quantity.

9.652,6*0

53,860,000

2,774.935

491,638,000

206,192

99,960

26,648

4,000,000

756

23,707

150



Value.

105,122,299

69,673,000

67,868,000

54.080,180

14,885,728

8,498,800

998,445

1,500,600

109,655

7,823

900



1802,196,502

147,789,902 $119,740,062
46,814,074 79.129,126

36,070,661

60,568,081 40,929,611

18,828,422

8,000,000

1,000,OCO

10,989,468 8,178,288

23,255,911 4,599,106

1,039,845 2,678^02

15,973^02 4,920,020

4^47,688 2,124,000

25,000 1.750.000

288,982 755,864

16,000,000 1,080,000

60,913 795,798

868,058

57,009 896,986
75.945 664,682
21,923 865,629

130,675

148,201 891,541

2,165 106,574

149,970

88,446 95,226

26,042 58,295

847,149 129,004

5,062 87,159

11,175 43,100

11,108 95,505

11,952 26,227

44,000 1,980

1,255,510 64,277

20,590 67,652

2,275 45,590

17,113 112,272

60,000 30,000

22,858

25,932

None

31,282

18,671

6,450

350



None

19,520

1,148

580

100



$320,118,845

802,198,502

1,000,000

$682,812,847



a $L2929 per troy ounce.

b $20.6718 per troy ounce.

c Including copper made from Imported pyrites.

d The product from domestic ores only.

e Of 76M| avoirdupois pounds net.

/ Including nickel in copper-niokel alloy, and in exported ore and matte.

a Including brown coal and lignite, and anthracite mined elsewhere than in Pennsylvania.

)l Of 42 gallons.

{ Of 300 pounds for natural cement, and 400 pounds for artificial Portland.

iOf 280 pounds net.
Including metallic paints, ocher, umber, Venetian red, sienna, ground soapstone, ground
slate, and mineral black.

I Includes antimony smelted from imported ores. The product of antimony ores in the United
States was 86 short tons, valued at $2,845. This would yield about 60 tons of metallic antimony,
m Not reported.



Digitized by



Google



THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



IRON AND STEEL MANUFACTURES.



Comparative Summary, Iron and Steel, 1870, 1880, and 1890.



Iron and Steel Industry, by Geographical Divisions, 1880 and 1890.

(For the above information, consult ** Commercial Year Book," Volume III, pages 468 and 460.)



Iron and Steel Works in the United States, 1898.

(From the Report of United States Geological Survey, by James M. Swank.)

In 1807, the iron and steel works in the United States were classified as follows: Blast furnaces,
420; rolling mills and steel works, 604; Bessemer steel works, 46 ; open-hearth steel works, 90 ; crucihle-
steel work?, 46; tin-plate works, 00.

Of the 420 furnaces that are mentioned, all but 79 use bituminous coal and coke and anthracite
coal, the remainder using charcoal. The annual capacity of the whole number of furnaces, after
making due allowance for those that are not likely to run again, was about 18,000,000 long tons in
April, 1808. To the whole number of furnaces may be added 4 large new furnaces that are now in a
forward state of construction, and these furnaces will add about 600,000 tons to the total annual
capacity we have mentioned.

Omitting all forged products, the annual capacity in finished products of the rolling mills in
April, 1896, was 17,929^60 long tons, against 14,768,900 tons in January, 1896. The number of puddling
furnaces in April, 1898, each double furnace counting as two single furnaces, was 8,889, against 4,408 in
January, 1806, a decrease of 619.

Of the whole number of rolling mills mentioned, 61 were prepared to roll standard, girder,
light T, and other rails; 66 were equipped to manufacture all kinds or structural material, including
bridge rods, building rods, plates for bridge work, structural tubing, etc.; 230 were equipped to manu-
facture plate, sheet, and skelp iron and steel ; 46 were devoted in whole or in part to the manufacture
of cut nails and spikes, 9 other works buying their nail plate ; 24 made wire rods, and 79 made wire



The total number of completed Bespemer steel works in April, 1898, including 2 Clapp-Griffiths

{>lants and 1 Robert-Bessemer plant, was 46, containing exactly 100 converters. The annual converti-
ng capacity of the whole number of Bessemer steel plants in April, 1808, was 10,683,000 tons. No new
Bessemer steel plants have been built since 1806.

In April, 1898, there were 99 completed open-hearth still plants, with 283 furnaces built and
building, the whole number having an annual capacity of 3,522,250 tons of ingots and direct castings.
At the same time there were 46 completed crucible-steel plants, with an annual capacity of 95,000 tons.
The number of pig and scrap iron bloomeries not connected with rolling mills or machine shops
in April, 1898. was reduced to 10, of which several were then idle, while in the whole country there
were only 2 forges that made blooms directly from the ore. Of all the Southern fonres that once
made bar iron directly from the ore, only one is left— Helton forge, in North Carolina, and it was not
in operation in 1897.



Manufactures of Iron and Steel by Specified Industries.

For statistics of capital, number of establishments, number of employes, total wages, cost of
materials, and value of products, including receipts from custom work and repairing, see under
heading " Manufactures of the United States, 11 page 261, this volume.



Iron Ores.

Iron Ore Production in the United States, with Lake Superior District Compared.



Bed Brown

Year. Hematite. Hematite. Magnetite.

1880. 2^48,998 1,919,622 2j84,276

1890 10,627,660 2^60,988 2,570,838

1891 9,827,398 2J57,664 2,317,106

1802. 11,646,619 2,486,101 1,971,966

1808 8^72,637 1,840,272 1,830,886

1804 9,347,484 1,472,748 972,219

1896 12,618,996 2,102,868 1,268£22

1896 12,676^88 8,126^12 1,211,526

1897 14.413,318 1,961,954 1,060,479



Car-






Total


Lake


bonate.
828,471


Total.
7,120,862


Imports.
498,406


Supply.
7,61*770


Superior.
1,677,814


877,617


16,086,048


1,246.880


!2\282,878


8,944,081


189,106


14,501,178


912,864


16^04,04;


7,621,466


192,981
184,884


16^96,866
11,687,620


806,686
626,951


17,103^51


ss


87,278


11,879,679


168,541


12,048£0


73W48


78,089


16,957,614


624,158


16,481,797


104968,978


01,423


16,005,449


682,806


16,688^66


1 M£« 8 &


88,286


17,518,046


489,970


18,008,016


12,205^22



Digitized by LjOOQ IC



IBON AND STEEL MANUFACTURES.



445



Production or Iron Orb by States, with Total Valuation and Average Value Per Ton

1888. 1894. 1805. 1806. 1807.

Long Ton. Long Ton. Long Ton. Long Ton. Long Ton.

Michigan 4,068,824 4,419,074 5,812,444 6,706,738 8$87,468

Minnesota 1,490,027 2,988,408 8,866,468 4,283,880 6,601,429

Alabama 1,742,410 1,493,086 2,199,890 2,041,798 2,098,621

Virginia •010,985 *O0O,562 712^41 850,406 711,128

Pennsylvania 007.985 5335,087 900,340 747,784 728,742

Wisconsin 489,429 847,501 049,851 007,405 554,155

Tennessee 872,996 292,881 519,796 535,484 604,497

NewYork 584,122 242,759 307,256 386,477 885,725

NewJersey 856,150 277,488 282,438 264,999 254,235

Colorado 171,670 250,199 240,987 215,819 187,314

Georgia and North Carolina 186,015 174,094 272,014 175,331 204,639

Ohio 68,141 58,493 44,884 58,480 54,417

Montana, N. Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming. +38,716 £44,438 $47,026 44,596 39,965

Kentucky 86,714 42,548 42,098 30,096 12,464

Massachusetts and Connecticut 40,752 80,259 89,142 27,289 22,573

Maryland 18,830 7,915 981 11,502 11,500

Texas 25,660 16,361 8,871 4,777 13,588

Missouri 77,863 81,926 12,512 4,586 000

Total 11,587,629 11,879,679 15,957,614 16,005,449 17,518,040

Foreign ore imported 626,961 167,307 524,158 682,806 475,000

Total value of ore per ton $19,265,973 $13,577,325 $22,788,069 $18,963,221

Average value of ore per ton $1.66 $1.14 $1.14 $1.42 $1.08



Lake Superior Iron Orb Shipments, by Ranges, 1892 to 1897.



Long

Ranges— Gross Tons. Tons.

Marquette Range, Mich 2.680,194

Menominee Range, Mich, and Wis.. . . 2,259,367

Gogebic Range, Mich, and Wis 2,967,678

Vermilion Lake, Minn 1,158,072

Mesabi Range, Minn 4,245

Total 9,080,556



1893.


1894.


Long


Long


Tons.


Tons.


2,084,827


1,935,379


1,563,049


1,255,255


1,466,815


1,523,451


815,735


1,055,220


684,194


1,918,234



1895.
Long
Tons.
1,982,080
1,794,970
2,625.475
1,027,103
2,839,350



1896.


1897.


Long


Long


Tons.


Tons.


2,418,846


2.678,785


1,763,235


1,767,220


2,100.398


2,168,088


1,200,907


1,881,278


8,082,973


4,220,151



6,594,620 7,682,548 10,268,978 10,566,359 12,205,522



The following statement, compiled from the Cleveland "Iron Trade Review,'
shipments of iron ore in gross tons :

Mar- Esca- Glad- Two Total

Year. quette. naba. stone. Ashland. Harbors. **Duluth. Lake.

1892 1,026,338 4,010,085 115,886 2,223,683 1,165,076 4,245 8^45,313

1893 1,080,984 2,048,981 208^85 1,117,524 903,329 520,565 5,880,018

1894 1,424,409 1,657,240 79,109 1,781,703 1,373,344 1,887,286 7,633,091

1895 1,079,485 2,860,172 100,211 2,850,219 2,651,465 1,598,783 10,233,910

1896 1,664,813 2,821,931 220,887 1,566,233 1,813,992 1,988,932 9,644,086

1897 1,945.519 2,302,121 841,014 2,067,637 2.651,465 2,376,064 12,215,645

1898 2,245,973 2,800,513 335,966 2,891,088 2,093^45 2,630,610 13,650,788



shows the Lake



Rail. Totalp.

528.930 9,074,243

178,037 6,058,955

115,841 7,748,932

195,127 10,429,037

290,792 9,934,828

253,993 12,409,638

300,000 18,950,788



Imports of Iron Ore, 1879 to 1898, Calendar Tears.



Gross

Year. Tons.

1879 284,141

I860 498,408

1881 782,887

1882 689,655

1888 400,876



Gross
Year. Tons.

1884 487,820

1885 890,786

1886 1,039,438

1887 1,194,801

1888 587,470



Gross
Year. Tons.

1889 853,578

1890 1,240.880

1891 912,850

1892 806,685

1803 586,951



Gross

Year. Tons.

1894 168,541

1895 624,168

1806 682,806

1807.. s 475,000

1808 180,009



Number of Furnaces in Blast.

The following table shows the number of furnaces in blast at the close of each year since 1878 r



Year.
1878


Fur-
naces.

410


Year.

1878...
1870...
1880...
1881...
1882...


Fur-
naces.

265

888

440

455

417

1898.


Year.

1883

1884

1885

1886

1887


Fur-
naces.

807

280

270

881

880


Year.

1888

1889

1890


Fur-
naces.
.... 883
.... 844
.... 811


Year.

1893

1894

1805

1896

1897


Fur-
naces.

137


1874

1875


805

208

286

270


185

042


1870

1877


1891

1892

202


.... 818
.... 268


169

101



* Including West Virginia. t Including Idaho and omitting Wyoming.

t Including Nevada and omitting Wyoming. • Including Nevada and Idaho.
*• Superior shipments are included in Duluth.



Digitized by LjOOQ IC



446



THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



The following table shows the number of furnaces In blast at the close of each year since 18868;
■classifled according to fuel :



Fuel Used. 1892.

Bituminous coal and coke 141

Anthracite and anthracite and coke. 72
-Charcoal 40

Total 263



1803.


1894.


1896.


1896.


1897.


1896.


84


127


163


106


146


162


34


34


56


32


29


80


19


24


23


22


16


20



187



186



242



159



191



202



Iron and Steel.

Production of Pio Iron, in Long Tons, Classified by Fuel.

Fuel Used-Gross Tons. 1893. 1894. 1805. 1896. 1897. 1898.

Bituminous, chiefly coke 5,300,184 5,520,224 7,950,068 7.166,471 8,464,692 10,273,911

Anthracite and coke 1,207,646 794,667 1,214,297 1,084,745 911,628 I 190 am

Anthracite alone 49,883 120,075 56,602 111,667 21,149f U****™

-Charcoal 386,789 222,422 225,841 310,244 255,211 296,750

Total 7,124,502 6,657.888 9,446,308 8,623,127 9,652,680 11,773,934



Total Production of Pio Iron, 1810 to 1898.



Year. Tons.

1810 53,908

1820 20,000

1830 165,000

1840 286,903

1850 563,755

1880 821,223



Year. Tons.

1870 1,665,179

1875 2,023,733

1880 3,835,191

1885 4,044,526

1886 5,683,829

1887...; 6,417,148



Year. Tons.

1888 6,489,738

1889 7,603,642

1890 9,202,703

1801 8,279,870

1892 9,157,000

1803 7,124,502



Year. Tons.

1894 6,657,388

1885 9,446,308

1806 8,623,127

1897 9,652.680

1898 11,773,934



Production of Pig Iron, by States.



The following table shows the production of pig iron, by States, in the order of their prominence



(Compiled from the reports of the American Iron and Steel Association.)



Pennsylvania..

Ohio

Illinois

Alabama

Virginia

Tennessee

New York

Wisconsin

West Virginia.

Michigan

Kentucky

Colorado

New Jersey.. .

Georgia

Missouri

Maryland

Connecticut...
Massachusetts.

Texas

N'rth Carolina.

Oregon

Indiana

Minnesota



1800.


1892.


1896.


1894.


1895.


1896.


1897.


1898.


4,415,329


4,193,805


3,643,022


3,370,152


4,701,163


4,024,166


4,631,634


5,537,832


1,240,330


1,221,913


875,285


900,029


1,463,789


1,196.326


1,372,880


1,986,358


701,107


949,450


406,281


604,795


1,006,091


925,239


1,117,239


1,365.896


816,911


915,296


728,888


592,302


854,667


922,170


947,831


1,033,676


292,778


342,847


302,856


298,086


346,589


386,277


307,610


283,274


287,625


300,081


207,915


212,773


248,129


248,338


272,130


26*,439


329,806


310,395


191,115


175,185


181,702


206,045


243,304


228,011


219.854


174,961


131,772


91,505


148,400


158,484


103.909


172,781


129,438


154,793


81,591


80,781


141,968


108,569


132,907


192,699


230,768


184,421


117,538


95,171


91,222


149,511


132,578


147,640


47,860


56,548


47,501


33,854


63,780


70,660


35,899


100,724


21,061


31,441


45,555


73.669


58,508


45,104


6,582


..


158,740


87,975


74,305


63,273


55,502


59,163


95,696


100,681


29,185


9,950


39,675


40,268


31,034


15,593


17,092


13,762


89,777


57,020


32,860


. 6,522


27,518


12,548


23,883


141,010


147,820


99,131


151,173


5,600


10,916


79,472


193,702


19U,974


20,135


17,107


12,478


7,416


5,615


10,187


8,336


6,336


4,938


7,946


7,853


156


4,710


1,873


3,284


3,661


9,700


8,613


6,257


4,671


4,682


1,221


6,175


5,178


2.840


2,906


2,843




323


2,151






10,987


7,628


4,739


1,000










14,641


7,700
14,071


5,567
10.373














Total... 9,201,630 9,157,000 7,124,602 6,657,388 9,446,308 8,623,127 9,652,680



Consumption and Stock of Pio Iron.

(Estimated by J. M. Swank.)

Pig Iron-Gross Tons. 1898. 1894. 1895. 1896. 1897.

Domestic production 7,124,502 6,657,888 9,446,308 8,623,127 9,662,680

Imported 54,304 15,582 53^82 66,272 19,212

Stocks on hand January 1 536.616 707,318 661,328 503,132 847,686

Totalsupply. 7,714,512 7,880,288 10,100,868 9,186,631 10,519,578

-Deduct stocks December 81 707,318 661,328 606.132 847,686 874,978

Also exports 24,587 24,482 26,164 62,071 262.686

Approximate consumption.. 6,982,607 6,694,478 9,628^72 8,275,774 9,881,914



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IRON AND STEEL MANUFACTURES.



For earlier years the consumption bas been :



Gross
Year. Tons.

1875 2,000,000

1876 1,800,000

1877 2.160,000

1878 2,800,000

1879 3,482,584

1880 3,990,415



Gross
Year. Tons.

1881 4,982,565

1882 4,968J878

1883 4,884,740

1884 4^29,280

1886 4,348,844

1886 6.191,864



Gross
Year. Tons.

1887 6,806,886

1888 6,674,380

1889 7,755,098

1890 8,948,888

1891 8,866,728

1892 9,306,815



447



„ Gross

Year. Tons.

1893 6,962,607

J8W 6,694,478

1895 9,628,572

1896 8,275,774

1807 9,881,914



The Production of Crude Steel.
(In Long- Tons.)



1890.

Bessemer 3,688,871

•Open-hearth 518^232

Orucible 71,175

Hisoellaneous 8,796

Total 4^77,071



1892.

4,168,485

669,889

84,709

4,548



1893.


1894.


^SSS


3,571,813


787,890


784,986


68,613


61,702


2,806


4,081



1896.
4,909,128
1,187,182

67,666

858



1896.
8,919,906
1,298,700

60,689
2,394



1897.
5,475,815
1,068,671 '

69,969
3,012



4,927,581 4,010,996 4,412,032 6,114,834 5.281,688 7,156,957



Production of Leading Articles from 1860 to 1897.



The following table, taken from the report of the American Iron and Steel Association, shows
-the progress of the iron and steel industries in the United States, and also the growth of the pig iron
industry of Great Britain.

Total
Shipments of
Lake Supe-
rior Iron Ore.

Calendar Year. Gross Tons.

I860 114,401

1861 49,909

1868 124,169

1868 208,066

1864 243,127

-1866 286,208

1866 278,796

1867 473,567

1868 491,449

1869 617,444

1870 830.940

1871 779.6(17

1872 900,901

1873 1,102,458

1874 919,557

1875 891,257

1876 ... 992,764

1877 1,015,087

1878 1,111,110

1879 1,376,691

1880 1,908,745

1881 2,3U6,506

1882 2,965,412

1883 2,353,288

1884 2,518,H92

1885 2,466,372

1886 3,568,022

1887 4,730,577

1888..... 6,063,693

1880 7,292,754

1890 9,012,379

1891 7,062,233

1888 9,069,556

1898 6,080,492

1894 7,748,938

4895 10,438,368

1896 9,916,085

1897 12,463,793





Production


Production




Production


of All Kinds


of Iron and




of Piglron in
the United


of Steel in


Steel Kails in


Production


the United


the United


of Pig Iron in


States.


States.


States.


Great Britain.


Gross Tons.


Gross Tons.


Gross Tons.


Gross Tons.


821,223


11,888


183,070


3,826,752


653,164




109,480


8,712,890


708,270




190,998


3,943,469


846,075


8.075


246,221


4.510.O4O


1.014.282


9,258


299,487


4,767,951


831,770


18,627


818,118


4,825,254


1,205,668


16,940


384,628


4,528,897


1,305,028


19,643


412,596


4,761,023


1,431.250


26,786


452,423


4,970,206


1,711,287


81,250


629.988


5,445,757


1,665,179


68,750


553,571


5.963.5J5


1,706,793


73,214


692,619


6,627,179


2,548,713


142.954


892,857


6.741,929


2,560,963


198.798


794,712


6,566,451


2,401,262


215,727


651,262


5,991,408


2,023,733


389,799


707,600


6.365,462


1,868,961


533,191


785,383


6,555.997


2,066,504


569,618


682,776


6,606.664


2,301,215


731,977


788,112


6,881.051


2,741,853


935,273


993,993


5.995,337


3,835,191


1,247,335


1,305.212


7,749,233


4,144.254


1,588,314


1.646,518


8,144,449


4.623,323


1,736,692


1,507,851


8,586,680


4,595,510


1,673,535


1,214.905


8,529,300


4,097.808


1,560,879


1,022,188


7,811,727


4.044,526


1,711,920


976,978


7,415,469


6,683,329


2,562,508


1,60»,537


7,009,754


6,417,148


8,889,071


2,139,640


7,559,518


6,489,738


2,H99,440


1,403,700


7,998,969


7,603,642


8,385,732


1.62i,204


8,822,824


9,2*12,708


4,277,071


1,885,307


7,904,214


8,279,870


8,904,240


1,307,176


7,406,064


9,157,1 00


4,927,581


1,551.844


6,709.265


7,124,502


4.019.996


1,136,458


6,976,990


6,657,888


4,412,082


1,021,772


7.427.342


9.44A.a«


6,114.834


l,306.ia5


7,703,450


8,623,127


6,281.689


1,122,010


8.659,681


9,652,680


7,156,967


1,647,892


8,789,455



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448



THE COMMERCIAL YEAR BOOK.



General Summary of Trade. 1885, 1886, and 1887.



Production of, In Gross Tons,—



Pig iron.

Spiegeleisen and ferro-manganese, included in pig iron



Online LibraryWilliam Usborne MooreThe Commercial year book → online text (page 77 of 125)