William Waugh Smith.

A complete etymology of the English language ... online

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Sub'facs, n. the outside.
Fea'tubb, 7l cast of the face.
Fash'ion, n. form ; custom.



StJPEBFi'ciAi,, a. lying on the outside ; shallow.

JPcMj'ili*— Easy to Do.

Fac'ilb, a. easily led ; yielding. I Facil'itate, t. to make easy.

Facil'ity, n. easiness. , IDif'ficult, a, hard to be done.

FaVlo, fal'sum — to Deceive.

Falla'cious, flf. fitted to deceive.
Fal'liblb, o. liable to error.
Fal.'sify, d. to make Mse.



FAiiSR, a, not true.
Fal'sity, n. an untruth.
Fal'lacy, n. a deceitful argument



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SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY.



Fa' do J fa<ftuni — ^to Make ; to Do ; to Act.



Fact, n. a thing done ; a reality.
Affect', t, to act upon.
Affec'tion, n. love ; kindness.
Affecta'tion^ n. assumed feeling.
Coun'terfeit, n, a forgery.
Defeat', t?. to undo ; to overthrow.
Defec'tion, n, desertion.
Defect', n, a fault ; a blemish.
Defi'cient, a. faulty ; wanting.
Effect'* tr. to bring to pass; to do.
Effi'cient, a. active ; able.
Effect'ual, a, producing decisive
eflFect.



Epfec'tive, a. producing effect.

Infect', «. to taint with disease.

Infec'tion, ». a tainting.

Pee'fect, a. complete ; pure.

Peofi'ciency, n. a making forwards^

Pbofi'cient, n, one advanced in any
pursuit.

Refec'tion, n. refreshment after fa-
tigue.

Rbfbc'tory, n. an eating room.

Suffice', v. to make enough.

Suffi'cient, a. making enough.

Sur'feit, v. to feed to excess.



Fa'ma — Fame; Renown; Refutation.



Fame, n. celebrity ; renown.
Fa'mous, a. full of renown.
Defame', v, to slander.



Defama'tion, n, calumny.
In'famy, n. utter disgrace.
In'famous, a. openly censured.



Fa^mes — Hungeb ; Scarcity of Food.
Fam'inb, n. scarcity of food. | Fam'ish^ v. to starve.



FamiVia — a Family.

Fam'ily, n. the persons living in a | Famil'iar, a, affable ; well known,
house.



Fa^nutn — a Temple ; a Holy Place.



Fane, n. a temple.
Fanat'ic, n, an enthusiast.



I Profane', v, to pollute.

I Profane', a, irreverent ; common.



F€<lix, feiVids — Happy.



Felic'ity, n, happiness.
Felic'itous, a. happy ; fortunate.



IFelic'itate, v. to congratulate.
Infelic'ity, n. misfortune.



F&ra — a Wild Beabt.
Fero'cious, a, cruel ; savage. | Fierce, o. savage ; furious.



Fe^ro, la'^tum— 'to Bear ; to Carry ; to Bring.



Fer'tile, a. bearing plentifully.
Circum'ference, n. a carrying round.
Confer', v. to consult.
Collate', «. to bring together.
Defer', tj. to put off.
Def'erence, n. regard ; respect.
Dif'per, v. to be unlike.
Dil'atory, a. tardy ; slow.
Infer', v. to draw a conclusion.



In'perence, 71. a conclusion.
Of'fer, v. to present for acceptanc i.
Prefer', tj. to like better.
Prof'per, v. to offer.
Refer', v. to give to another for de?

cision.
Relate', v, to tell ; to pertain to.
Suf'fer, v. to bear ; to allow.
Transfer', to convey ; to remove.



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Fenfdo, fen'sutn — to Strikb ; to Ward.



Fend, «. to ward off.
Fence, n. a security.
Defend', «. to protect.



Defence', n, guard ; security.
Offend', v, to displease.
Offence', n. crime ; injury.



JPeKveo— to be Hot ; lo Boil.
Fee'vor, n. heat ; zeal. | Fer'vent, a. hot ; ardent.

Fes^tum — a Feast.

Fes'tal, a. belonging to a feast. I Fes'tival, n, a time of feasting.

Fes'tive, a, joyful ; gay. | Festiv'ity, 7i. joyfulness.

Feast, n, a sumptuous entertainment.

JPt'des— Faith ; Trust.



Fidel'ity, n. faithfulness.
Confide', «j. to trust in.
Con'fidence, n, trust ; boldness.
Deft', tJ. to challenge ; to dare.



Dif'fident, a, distrusting one's sell
In'fidel, n, an unbeliever.
Per'fidy, n. treachery.
Affi'ancb, 73. to pledge faith to.



Fl^go^ fix^um — to Fix or Fasten ; to Pierce.



Fix, «. to piake fast.
Fix'ture, 71. anything fixed to a
place or house.



Affix', «. to join to.
Prefix', ®. to put before.
Suffix', «j. to add to the end.



Transfix', v. to pierce through.
Fi^nis — the End ; Border ; Limit.



Fin'ish, v. to complete ; to end.
Fi'nite, a. having an end.
In'finite, a, unlimited.
Define', v. to limit ; to explain.
Def'inite, a. certain ; limited.



Fi'nal, a. last ; conclusive.
Confine', u. to shut up ; to limit
Indef'inite, a. not limited.
Refine', v. to improve ; to polish.
Superfine', a, eminently fine.



JFtr'iwi*8— Strong.

FeeuI, a, hard ; strong. I Confirm', v. to establish.

Affirm', v, to declare pomtively. | Infirm', a. weak ; feeble.

Fiyctis — a Bag or Basket.

Fis'cAii, a. pertaining to the public I Confis'cate, v, to seize as a for-
treasury. I feit.

Fla^gro—io Burn ; to Be in Flames.
Fla'grant, a. burning; notorious. | Conflagra'tion, n, an extenmvefire.

Flmn'ma — a Flame ; a Fire.

Flame, n. a burning vapor. I Flam'beau, n. a kind of torch.

Inflame', r. to set on fire. I Inflam'mable, a. easily set on fire.



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FMtus — a Blast ; a Pijff of Wind.
FLATfuiiBNT, a. windy ; vain. | Inflate', ©. to puff up.

Fle&tOf flex^utn — to Bend ; to Turn.



Cib'cumflex, a, moving round.
Flex'iblb, a. ductile ; pliant.
Deflec'tion, n, turning from the
true course.



Inflex'ible, a, not to be bent.
Reflect', v. to cast back ; to think.
Inflect', v, to bend.
Inflec'tion, n. a bending inward.



FWgOj fli&tum^io Beat ; to Dash.



Afflict', ©. to pain ; to grieve.
Afflic'tion, n. calamity.



Con'flict, n. contest ; struggle.
Inflict', u. to beat in or on.



Flo'ba, n. the goddess of flowers.
Flo'kal, a. relating to flowers.
Flob'ist, n. a cultivator of flowers.



FloSf flo^ris — a Flower.

Flor'id, a. flushed with red.
Flow'er, n. a blossom.
Flow'er, V, to blossom.



Flour'ish, "0. to thrive ; to grow.
Flu^Of fltix^uni^to Flow.



Flux, n. the act of moving, as a fluid.
Fluid, n. anything that flows.
Flu'ent, a, flowing; voluble.
Flu'ency, n. readiness of speech.
Ef'flux, 71. a flowing out.
Ap'fluence, '/I. riches ; plenty.
Con'fluence, n, a flowing together.



In'flux, 71. a flowing in.
Re'flux, n, backward coarse.
In'fluence, 71. power.
Influen'tial, a. exerting power^
Sdper'fluous, a. overflowing.
SuPERFLu'iTY, 71. more than enough.
Fluc'tuatb, v. to move as waves.



Fluctua'tion, n, wavering.

Fo^cus — ^a Hearth ; a Fire-Place.
Fo'cus, 71. the place of fire. | Fo'cal, a, belonging to the focus.

Note.— The place of heat when a burning glass is held in the sun.

Fo^lium — ^a Leaf ; a Sheet, (as of paper.)

Foil, n, a thin leaf of metal. I Fo'lio, n. a large book. *

Fo'liage, n, a growth of leaves. | Portfo'lio, «. a case for loose leftYes*

For^tna — a Form; Beauty.



Form, n. shape ; figure.
Form'al, a. ceremonious.
Formal'ity, n. ceremony.
Conform', v. to make like ; to com-
ply with.
DsFOfUf ', n. to idisfiguie.



Inform', v. to instruct.
Perform', v. to do or act.
Perform'ancb, 71. action ; work.
Refobm', V, to grow better.
Tbansform', v. to change.
U'nifobm, a. even ; regukr.



Fors, for^tis—CRANCB ; Luck.

Fob'tunb, n, chance ; wealth. I Unfob'tunatb, a. unlucky.

Fob'tunatb, a. successful. | Misfob'tunb, n, calamity.

FoBTu'rrous, a. accidental.



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l^oK^i*— Bbave ; Strqno.

For'tittjdb, n. courage ; bravery.
Fob'tipy, v. to strengthen.
Fob'tbess, n. a fortified place.
FoBCB, 71. strength.



FoBCE, V, to compel.
Com'pobt, v. to cheer.
Ep'fobt, 71. exertion.
Enfobce', v. to put in execntioii.



Fran^go, frcuftum — ^to Bbeak.



Fbac'tion, n. a broken part.
Fbac'tube, n. a breaking.
Fbaq'ment, n. a broken part.
, .Fbag'ilb, a, easily broken.



Fbail, a, easily broken.
Fbail'ty, n, weakness.
Inpbac'tion, n. a violation.
Infbinoe', v. to break in upon.



Frafter, fra^tris^o, Bbotheb.

Fbateb'nal, a, brotherly. I Fbat'bicide, n, the murder of a

I brother.

Fraus, from^dis — ^Deceit ; Cheat.

Fbatjd, n, deceit. I Fbaud'ulent, a, deceitful.

Dbpbaud', t>. to cheat. I Fbau'diilence, w. deceitfulnea&

Fri'gvSf frVgoris — Cold.

Fbiq'id, a. cold. I Repbio'ebate, f). to cool.

Fbigid'itt, n. coldness. * I Refbig'ebatob, w. a cooler.

FrofiA, fron^tis — the Fobehead ; the Face.

Front, n. the face ; the forepart. I Confbont', v. to meet face to face.
Afpront', v. to offend. | Eppbont'eby, n. impudence.

Fim^ar, ffuHtus — ^to Enjoy.

Frui'tion, n. enjoyment. | Fbuc'tipy, v. to make fruitful.

Fbuit, n. the produce of a tree or plant.

Fu^giOf fu^gitum— to Fly or Flee.

Fu'gitive, a, running away. I Refugee', n. one who flies for pro-

Sub'tebpuge, n, an evasion. I tection.

Rep'ugb, n. shelter. I Ver'mipugb, n. a worm medicine.

Fu^muS'-^&UOKE ; Fume.

Fume, n. smoke ; vapor. I Fu'ming, «. raging ; smoking.

Fu'migate, v. to ^Qioke. | Perfume', v, to scent.

Fun' do J fu'8um^^U> Poub Out ; to Melt.



FusK, «.to melt.
Fu'siON, n. the act «f naelting.
Fu'siBLB, a, that may be melted.
Confound', 'o. to mingle.
Confuse', «. to confound ; to mix.
Diffuse', t, to spread.
Effu'sion, n. a pouring out.



Infuse', «. to pour in.
Pbopuse', a, lavish.
Pbofu'sion, ». abundance.
Refund', «?. to pour back.
Suffuse', «. to spread over.
Refuse', v. to deny ; to decline.
Rbfu'sal, n. a denial.



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JF\*ft'clt/«— a Bottom or Basis.



Found, c. to lay the basis of.
Foun'dbry, n. a casting house.
Founda'tion, n, basis.



Fundambn'tal, a. lying at the base.
Profound', a. deep ; thorough.
Profundity, n, depth.



Fu^ria — Madness.

Fu'rious, a. mad ; raging. | Fu'ry, n, rage ; frenzy.

Infu'riate, v. to make furious.



Congeal', v. to freeze.
Conqela'tion, n, a freezing.
Gbl'id, a. extremely cold.



Ge^lti — ^Frost; Ice.

Gel'atinb, n, an animal substancoT

resembling jelly.
Jel'ly, n. a kind of sweetmeat.



Gblat'inous, a, like gelatine.
Ge^nuSj genferis — Birth; Family; Race.



Con'geniaj^, a. agreeing in temper

and tastes.
Degen'erate, «. to grow worse.
Engen'der, «. to produce.
Gen'der, n. kind ; sex.
Gbn'eral, a. public ; extensive.
Gen'erate, V, to beget; to produce.
Gbn'erous, a, noble ; liberal.
Generos'ity, n, liberality.
Ge'nial, a, causing production.
Gb'nius, n. mental power.



Genteel', a. elegant in manners.
Gentil'ity, n, dignity of birth.
Gen'tile, n. a pagan.
Gen'tle, a.-soft; mild; tame.
Gen'uine, a. pure ; real.
iNGE'NiotJS, a. witty ; skillful.
Inqen'uous, a. open ; frank.
Ingenu'ity, n. wit ; acuteness.
Proqen'itor, n, a forefather.
Proq'eny, n. ofispring ; race.
Regen'erate, €. to renew.



Ge'roj ges'tuni — ^to Bear ; to Carry.

Ges'ture, n, action.
Gestic'ulatb, t). to use gestures.
Digest', ©. to arrange ; to dissolve,



Suggest', o. to hint.



Conges'tion, n, a carrying together.
Indiges'tion, n. want of power to
digest food.



GWria — Glory; Honor.

Glo'rifYj t?. to give glory to. | Glo'ry, n, praise ; renowiL

Inglo'rious, a, shameful.

Gra^dioVf gres^stis — to Go Step by Step.



Grade, n, rank ; degree.
Grad'ual, a, advancing by steps.
Grada'tion, n, regular progress.
Grad'uate, ©. to mark degrees.
Degree', n. a step ; a rank.
Degrade', t. to put in a lower rank.
Degrada'tion, n. a low condition.
Digress', v, to turn aside.

Transgress',



E'gress, n, a going out.
In'gress, n. entrance.
Con'gress, n. a coming together.
Aggres'sion, n, an attack.
DiGREs'sioN, 71. a deviation.
Progress', v, to advance.
Pbogres'-sivb, a. advancing.
Ket'rograde, a. going backward.
V. to violate.



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Glu^tio —to Gulp Down.

Glut, «. "to overfill ; to stuff. | Glut'ton, n. an excessive eater.

Dkgluti'tion, ». the act of swallowing.

Gran'dis — Gbeat; Grand.

Grand, a, great ; high in power. I Qrand'eur, n. state ; splendor.
Grandbb', n. a man of high rank. | Ag'grandize, «. to make great.

Gra'mitn — a Grain of Corn.



Grain, n. a seed of com.
Gran'ary, n. a storehouse for grain.
Gran'itb, w. grain stone.



Gran'ule, n, a small grain.
Gran'ulate, v. to form into grains.
Gran'ular, a. consisting of grains.



€rra'f/«fl— Pleasing ; Thankful.



Grate'ful, a, thankful ; pleasing.
GRAT'rruDS, n. thankfulness.
In'grate, a. unthankful.
In'grate, 71. an ungrateful person.
Grat'is, ad. for nothing.
GRATu'iTOUS,a.given without reward.
Gratc'ity, n. a fres gift.



G7.at'ify, tj. to indulge ; to please.
Congrat'ulate, 7). to wish joy to.
Grace, n. favor; kindness.
Gra'cioub, a. merciful ; kind.
Disgrace', 'd, to dishonor.
Ingra'tiate, v. to put or wind into
favor.



6rra'v/«— Heavy ; Grievous.



Grave, a. serious ; weighty.
Grav'ity, n. weight ; seriousness.
Grief, n. sorrow ; trouble.
Gribv'ous, a. mouraful ; sad.



Grieve, v. to mourn.
Griev'ance, 71. an injury.
Aggrieve', v. to vex ; to trouble,
Ag'gravate, tj. to make worse.



Grex, gre^gis — a Herd or Flock.



Grega'rious, a. going in flocks.
Con'gregate, 7). to assemble.
Congrega'tion, 71. an assembly.



Egre'gious, a. remarkably bad.
Ag'gregate, «). to gather into a mass.
Ag'gregate, 71. a mass.



Con'gruous, a, going together
cranes in a flock.



Gm^f gru^is—Sk Crane.

I Incon'gruous, a. unsuitable.

I CoNORu'iTY, 71. agreement ; fltness.



G^M«'*M«— Taste ; Relish.
Gust, n. tasic ; relish. \ Disgust', n. distaste ; dislike.

Note. — Gust, a blast of wind, comes from the Danish (gust.)

ITa^beo, hah%tum — ^to Have ; to Hold.



Hate, ®. to possess.
Hab'it, 71. custoiii ; use.
Habita'tion, n. a dwelling.
Habit' CJAL, a. customary.
Habit'uate, v. to accustom.
A'ble, a, having power.
Abil'ity, n. power.



Habil'iment, 71. a garment.
Disa'blb, ®. to deprive offeree.
Ena'ble, 7), to emjjower.
Exhib'it, d. to show ; to display.
Debil'itate, «. to enfeeble.
Inhab'it, ©. to dwell in.
Prohib'it, v. to forbid.



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254 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY.

Hce^reO, hcB^sunt— to Stick Fast ; to Stop.



AdhIboie^, V, to stick to.
Cohe'sive, a. sticking.
Cohe'sion, n, state of union.



Inhe'rent, a. existing in.



Hes'itate, v. to delay ; to paase.
CoHEUENT, a. sticking together.
Incohe RENT, a. unconnected.



Heir, n. one who inherits.
Inhbr'it, v. to possess by descent.
Coheir', n, an heir with another.
Her'itage, n, property inherited,
Ikher'ttai^ce, n, patrimony.



Hce^res, hcere'iUs—fLu Heir.

Disinher'it, V, to cut oflF from sue

cession.
Hered'itary, a. that has descended

from an ancestor.
Heir'loom, n. any movable owned

by inheritance.



Ha^lo — ^to Breathe.

ExHAT.ff/, t). to breathe out. | Exhala'tion, n. yapor.

Inhale', «j. to breathe in.

JELau'riOj hau^tuni — ^to Draw, as water.

Exhaust', t?. to draw out until noth- 1 Inexhaust'ible, a, that cannot be
ing is left. I exhausted.

HU^aris — Cheerful; Merry.
Exhil'arate, V, to make cheerful. Hilar'ity, n, cheerfhlness.



Hu'man, a. belonging to mankind.
Humane', a. kind ; tender.
Hu'manize, v. to render humane.



Ho'mOf liomfinis — 2l Man;

Human'ity, n, the nature of man*
Inhu'man, a. barbarous ; cruel.
Hom'icide, n. manslaughter.



Ho^noVf hones^tus — Honorable; Honejst.

Dibhon'or, n. disgrace; shame.
Hon'est, a. without fraud ; upright.
Hon'ebty, 71. justice ; truth.



Hon'or, n. dignity ; respect.
Hon'orary, a, done in honor.
Hon'orable, a, worthy of honor.



Dishon'est, a, unjust ; wicked.

Hbs^pes, hos^pitis—sk Host or Guest.

Hos'pitable, a. kind to strangers. i Host, n. one who entertains another*
Hos'pital, n. a building for tha sick. | Hotel', w. an inn.

Host'ler, n. a man who takes care of horses.

Hos^tis—'on Enemy.

Host, n. an army ; a multitude. | Hos'tile, a. adverse ; opposite.

Hostil'tty, n, open war.

Jlte'anws— the Ground. Hu^mUis — op the Ground ; Low ; Humblb«



Inhume', u. to bury.

Exhume', «. to take out of the ground.

Hum'ble, a, modest ; submissive.



Hum'ble, v. to crush ; to subdue.
Humil'ity, n. freedom from pride.
! Humilia'tion, n. abasement of pride.



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Tdem — the Same.

lDBN'TiT¥i ». sameness. | Iden'tical, a. the very saiue.

Iden'tift, «>. to prove to be the same.

Jfjr'nfs— Fire.

Ignite Vt?. to set on fire.
Ig'neous, a. contaming fire.
Igni'tion, n, the state of red heat.



Igni'tiblb, ppr, capable of being set
on lire.



Im'age, w. a picture ; an idol.
Imag'ine, 9. to form an idea in the
mind.



Ima'go, itmig'inis-^wi Image.



Imagina'tion, n, fancy ; idea.
Imaginary, a. existing only in fancy.



Im'perOf impera'tum-^\o Command.

Em'febor, n, a commander; a mon

arch.
Impeb'ative, a. commanding.



Impb'rious, a. overbearing.
Jn'«wto— an Island.



Em'pibe, n. the dominion of an em-
peror, or of a mighty nation.
Impe'bial, a, royal ; regal.



In'sular, a, belonging to an island.
In'stjlate, t, to detach from sur-
romiding objects.



I'solated, a. placed by itself.
Penin^sula, 71. land almost surrouded
by water.



Infteger — Whole; Entire; Unbroken.



In'teger, n, a whole number.
In'tbgral, a, whole ; complete.



I Inteq'ritt, n, honesty : purity.
I In'tegrate, '0, to make entire.



In^tus — Within.



Intb'rior, a» inner ; inland.
Inter'nal, a, inward ; within.
In'timate, a. inmost ; familiar.



In'timate, d. to hint.
In'timacy, n. close familiarity.
Intrin'sic, a. internal ; real.



Tra — Anger.



Ire, n, anger ; rage.
Ibas'cible, a, easily made angry.



I Ir'ritable, a. easily provoked.
I Ir'ritatb, v. to tease ; to fret.



Ja'dOf jacftum^-Axi Throw or Cast.



Ab'ject, a, thrown away ; mean.
Ad'jbctivb, n. a describing word.
Conjec'ture, I?, to guess.
Deject', v. to cast down.
Dejec'tion, 71. lowness of spirits.
Eject', t?. to throw out.
Inject', v. to throw in.
Ejac'xjlate, t?. to utter abruptly.

Subject', ^.



Interjec'tion, n, an exclamation.
Object', tJ. to oppose.
Ob'ject, 72. purpose ; design.
pRo'jECT, n, scbeme; contrivance.
Project', id. to cast forward ; to plan.
Projec'tile, 71. a body thrown for-
ward.
Reject', tJ. to refuse,
to put under.



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256 smith's hand-book of etymology.

rfa^ceo — ^to Lib.

Ja'cent, a. lying at length, I Circumja'cent, a. lying round.

Adja'cent, a, lying next. I Interja'cent, a. lying between.

Jo'cus — ^a Joke ; Sport.

Jocose', a, merry ; waggish. I Joc'ular, a, sportive ; merry.

Joke, n, a merry trick. I Joc'und, a. gay; lively.

Ja'dicOj judica^tiun — to Judge ; to Decide.



JuDi'ciAL, a, pertaining to courts of

justice.
JuDi'ciARY, n, the system of courts

of justice.



Adjudge', ij. to pass a sentence.
Adjd'dicate, «. to try and decide.
Judge, v. to decide.
JuDi'cious, a. guided by judgment.



Prej'udice, n, a prejudgment

J^u^gum—z, Yoke.

Con'jugal, a. pertaining to marriage. | Con'jugate, «. to join together.
Sub'jugate, u. to put under the yoke.



Junc'tion, n. union.

Join, u. to unite ; to combine.

JoENT, n, a joining ; a connection al

lowing motion.
Adjoin'ing, a. next ; contiguous.
Ad'junot, 71. something joined.



rfunfgOf jun&tiun — to Jom.

Conjoin,' «. to unite ; to associate.
Disjoin', u. to separate.
Enjoin', 'o. to direct ; to order.
Injunc'tion, n. precept ; order.
Subjoin', i:. to add at the end.
Subjunc'tive, a. conditional.



fJu^ro — to Swear.



Abjure', «. to renounce upon oath.
Adjure', v. to charge solemnly.
Conjure', v. to summon in a solemn
manner.



Con 'jure, v. to practice secret arts.
Ju'ry, n, a set of men sworn to give

a true verdict.
Ju'ror, 71. a member of a jury.



Per'jury, n. false swearing.
J^tis, ju^ris — bright; Justice; Law.



Just, a^ equitable ; honest,
Just'ice, n. right.
Injust'ice, n. wrong.
Jus'tipy, u. to clear from guilt.



Adjust', u. to set rightw
In' JURE, v, to treat unjustly.
Inju'rious, a. hurtful.
Jurisdic'tion, n. legal authority.



JTu^venis — Young.
Ju'vENiLE, a. youthful. | Ju'nior, n, one younger.

Ju^vOy juftum — ^to Help or Aid.
Ad'jutant, 71. a major's aid. | Coadju'tor, n, a fellow helper.

La^boVf lap^sus— to Fall ; to Slip ; to Glide.

Lapse, n. a slip ; a fault. ( Elapse', v. to pass away.

Collapse', «. to fall inward. 1 Relapse', «. to fall back again.



Digitized



by Google



LATET K00T3 AND DEEIVATlVES. 257

La'bob, w. work ; toil. I Lab'oratort, n, a chemist's work-

Labo'bious, a. fatiguiDg. | room.

Elab'obate, a. much labored upon.

Lac, la^tis — ^Mile:.
Lac'teal, a. pertaining to milk. | LACTiF'sBotrs, a, bearing milk.

Lan^gueo — to Dboop ; to Languish.

Lan'oxjid, a, drooping ; weak. | Lan'guish, v, to grow feeble.

Lan'qtjob, n, feintness ; weakness.

JLa^piSf lap^idis — a Stone*
Lap'idab^, n. a worker in precious I Delapida'tion, n, iliin ; decay.



La^ttLs — a SiDB.
Lat'bbal, a. pertaining to the side. | Collat'ebal, a, placed by the ade.

Laftus — ^Wide; Bboab.
Dilate', «. to widen apart. I Lat'itudb, n^ breadth.

LatiSf Zau'cfis— Pbaise.

Laitb, «. to prai^ ; to extol. I Lau'dable, a, praiseworthy.

Latt'datobt, a. bestowing praise.

La^vo, Wtutn — to Wash.
Lave, «. to wash ; to bathe. | Lo'tion, n. a medicinal wash.

Laoifus — Loose; Slack,

Lax, a. loose ; dissolute. [ REtiAx', «. to slacken ; to remit.

Pbolix', a, loosened out ; lengthy. ( Rblaxa'tion, n, ease ; remission.



Le^fjOf legaftum — ^to Send as an Ambassadob ; to Bequeath.

Allege', ©. to affirm.
Allbga'tion, w. affirmation.
Col'leagub, n. a partner.
Alle'gla£7GE, n. the duty of a subject.
Del'egate, n. a deputy.



Del'egate, «. to send on an embassy.
Leg' AC Y, n, a gift made by will.
Leg' ate, n. an ambassador of tho
Pope.



Ziffvis — Light; East.



Lev'itt, n, lightness ; gayety.
Allb'viate, t, to make easy to.
El'bvate, n. to raise up.
Leav'bn, n. a substance to make
bread light.



Leay'en, 17. to make light, as bread*
Le'veb, n. a mechanical power.
Lev'y, «. to raise ; to collect.
Rel'bvant, a. applicable.
Relieve', n, to ease ; to succor.



Relief', n. ease ; assistance.

J by Google



Digitized t



258 smith's hand-book of ettmologt.



TiefgOj le&tum — to Gatheb ; to Head ; to Choose.

Collect', v, to gather together.
Di'alect, n. subdivision of a lan-
guage.
Dil'igent, a. industrious.
Elec'tion, w. the act of choosing.
El'igible, a. fit to be chosen.
In'tellect, n. understanding.
Intel 'ligent, a, able to understand.
Intel'ligencb, n. information.
Lec'tubb, n, a discourse.



Le'gend, n. a wild narrative.
Leg'ible, a, that can be read,
Le'qion, n, a body of soldiers.
Neglect', u. to pass over carelessly.
Neglect', n. inattention ; slight.
Neg'ligent, a. careless ; heedless.
Predilec'tion, n. a liking befone-

hand.
Recollbct', v. to bring to mind.
Select', t?. to choose out.



SBLEC'TTONy 71. choicC.

ie'ni«— Mild; Gentle.
Le'nient, a. mild ; soothing. | Len'ity, n. mildness of temper.

Lex, le^ffis—& Law or Rule.



Lb'gal, «. lawful.
Ille'gal, a. unlawful.
Legal'ity, w. lawfulness.
Lb'galize, v. to make lawful.
Lbg'islate, v. to make laws.



Leg'iblaturb, n. the law making

power.
Legit'imatb, a. lawful ; genuine.
Legit'imacy, n, lawfulness of birth.
Pbiy'ilbge^ n. a special advantage.



Libber, Uh'ri — a Book,

Li^BBABT, n. an apartment for books, l Libra'bian, n. one who has chaigo
Li'bel, ». a ddamatory writing. | of a library.

Li'BsaiiOUS, a. defamatory,

JLi'fter— Free.

Lib'bbal, a. free ; generous. [ Lib'erate, «. to set free.

Lib'ebty, n, freedom. I Illib'ebal, a. mean ; suspicious.

Xi'ftro— a Pound ; a Balance.
Dblib'ebate, i>» to weigh mentally. | Equilib'sium, n. an equal balancing^

LVceOf lUfitum — to be Lawful or Pbrmittbd.

Illic'it, o. unlawful. I Li'cense, v. to grant authority to.

LfcBNSB, n, permission. I Licen'tious, o. unrestrained.

JJVgo, liga^tum — to Bind ; to Tie.



Alle'qiance, n. the binding of a sub-
ject to his government.
League, n. a binding or union.
Li'able, a. bound ; responsible.



Ob'ligate, ®. to bind by contract.
Ob'ligatqry, a, binding.
Oblige', v, to gratify ; to compel.
Relig'ion, n. duty to God.



lA^metif limfinis—B. Threshold.
Eldc'inate, «. to put out of doors. | PREMM'nsrARY, a, introductory.



Dinitiyprl h\/



Gooale



LA^TIN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES.



259-



Zd^nea^a. Linen Thread. Xi'nMiw—FLAx.



Delin'eate, V, to describe.
Interline', u. to write between lines.
Line, n, a rank ; a row ; extension in

length.
Lin'eal, a. descending in a line.



Lin'eament, n. feature ; outline.
Lm'EAGE, n. race ; progeny.



Online LibraryWilliam Waugh SmithA complete etymology of the English language ... → online text (page 22 of 30)