William Waugh Smith.

A complete etymology of the English language ... online

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they be alike, that letter is doubled ; if unlike, they remain single.

Com'-pa-ny ac-com'-pa-ny two c's

Ous'-tom ac-cus'-tom "

Join ad-join' one d

Grieve ag-grieve' two g's

Mis'-sion com-mis -sion " m's

Re-spond' cor-re-spond' " r's

Com-pose' de-com-pose' one c

Sat'-is-fy dis-sat'-is-iy two s's

Solve dis-solve' "

No'-ble en-no -ble two n's

Leg'-i-ble il-leg'-i-ble " Ps

Lib'-er-al il-lib'-er-al "

Mor'-tal im-mor'-tal two m's

Bnle ZZVI.

The following words ending in / or fe, change / into «, and add e$ in
their plurals :

Plarals. Plarals.

Sheaf sheaves Leaf leaves

Loaf loaves Beef beeves

Thief thieves Calf calves

Half halves Elf elves

Shelf shelves Self selves

Wolf wolves Life lives

Knife knives Wife wives

Nora.— The verbs formed from the following words ending with / or /<?, have the
/ changed into v :



Safe

Grief

Be-lief



save

grieve

be-lieve'



Strife
Proof
Re-Uef



strive
prove
re-lieve'



Sule ZZVII.

The foUo^nng words ending with / or /<?, retain the /, and add • in their
plunUs:



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4<



BUITH*S ffilLlftV-fiOOS 6F TBftitOUMY.



Chief


chiefs Btfef brirfir


Fief


fie&


Grief


griefe Clef clefs


Oaf


oafa


Wdf


waifs Coif coifs


Gulf


gulfs


Hoof


hoofs Roof roofe


Proof


proofs


Woof


woofs Turf turfs


Scarf


Be&r&


Dwarf


dwarfs Fife fifes


Strife


Btrifed


Safe


safes Wharf wharfs


Staff


8ta&


Ker'-chief


ker'-chiefe Ms'-chief


mis'-chie&


Be-lief


be-liefe' Re-lief


re-liefa'


Re-proof


re-proofs' Ca'-lif


ca'-


li&


Hand'-ker-cbief hand'-kef-diieft Mifl'-be-Uef


mif


j'-be-Uefe




Etiio zrviii.







Compounds generally retain the orthography of the simple words whidn
•ampose them ; as, horse-man, up-hill, Bkell-fish, knee-de^, inn-keeper, &Q,



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PABT SECOND.



PREFIXBS

OF SAXON OR ENOLIBH ORTGIN.



FORMULA.— Aboard,— a-b-o-a-r-d,— aboard.— JBoortf U ii Drimitive word; th«
Saxon prefix a signifies on, in, to, a^,^-wlien combined, tb.«y ftnn the word oioomrd^
vhich means on loarcL



A.

Signifies oti, in, to, or <d,
A-BOAia>\ ad: on board ; in a ship.
^-pirb', ad. an fire.
^-BLEEp', ad. in sleep ; sleeping.
A'STBUs', ad, to the stem.
^-head', ad, to the head ; farther on.
A'FAB.\ ad. at a distance.

Be.

Signifies mak$.
Be-OAiM', V. to make calm.
.Bedaub', «. to daub ov^r.
.^deck', v. to deck; to adoni«
B&-i>m\v. to make dim.
Be-vomJ, v. to make foul.
i^KUMB', V. to make numb.

JEn.

Signifies in^ into, or on; t$\
Bn-ctB!cLR, «. to put in a circle.
i^DAN^GEB, «. to put in danger.
EnrKC^', 9. to make irdo bXi act.
i^n-cAMp', f). to form into a camp.
i^DEAB', «. to make dear.
JG^fee'blb, 0. to make feeble.

J5Jm, fw En.

Signifies to make, to give.
J^n-BEL'LiSH, V. (beau*), to make beavtilkl.
JKtti-pow'bb, v. to give power to.
-fi^-BOD'Y, V. to give a body to.
Bm-BOT^ThEyV. to put in a bottle.

♦ NoTB. — ^The words in parentheses are the roots from which the Eng^sh words
are derived. The pupil will find the meanings of the roots under their isespectiTC
heads, though in general the moaning is indicated where the roQt is nsad. .



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46 BMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY.

Fare.

Signifies lefore,
Ibre^'HOOTS, n. the part of the day before noon.
JPbrc-RUN'NBB, n. one who runs before,
Fore-BEE\ V. to see beforehaxid,
Fare^'SiGBT, n, a seeing beforehand.
Fare-rmjj'^ v. to tell beforeheaid,
Fare-Doou', V. to doom beforehand,

Signifies to make,
Jm-Brr'TER, v, to make bitter.
Jm-BBOWN', t). to make brown.
/m-POv'BRiSH, V. to make poor.
Jf7»-PSABL', V. to make like pearls.

Mis.

Signifies wrong.
J/m-afply', V, to apply torong.
MU-belief'j n, wrong belief. i

Mts-CAL'cxnjATKt V. to Calculate wrong.
JfM'-coNDUCT, n. wrong conduct.
JUs-GTSiDK^ V. to guide wrong.
MmpIjACE^ v. to place wrong.

Out.

Signifies beyond, mare than^

Out-BiD', V. to bid beyond or more than another,
Ow^-livb', v. to live beyond.
Ottt-RUN', t). to run beyond,
Ote^sHnns', «. to shine mare than.

Over.

Signifies above or over, too much, too greaL

OMr-BTJR'DBN, «. to burdcu too much.
Owr-FLOw', «. to flow <wer.
Owr-LOAD', «. to load <(w mt^.
Ootfr-BUN', «. to run <w^ or above,
OotfT-SFREAD', «. to Spread over or oJewe.
Ouer-VAL'uE, V. to value foo m«cfe.

TTfif before a Verb,
Signifies to take off, to reverse the ad qf.

Un-BAR', V. to take off the bar.
UfirCSAJN^ V. to take off the chain.
JTti-hinge', v. to take off of the hinge.
UnrTm', V. to take out the pin.
UnrSEAij\ V. to take off the seal.
I^yokb', V. to take off the yoke.

TTUf before an At^eettve,
Signifies not
XhirA'VLK, a. not able.
f^j^TTYK, a. not active.



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LATIN PBKFIXSS. 47

UhrASioay^y a. not armed.
C^bbo'kek, a, not broken.
{TnKJEB'TAiN, a. not certam.
UjirjVBT'y a. not just.

Under.

Signifies leneath^ leu than,
Under-BiD^^ v, to bid less than another.
tTTwZ^-OP'piCEK, n, an officer under another.
Under-BWEB/uPYy n, one who is under the sheriff
Under-yAjJxm^ v, to rate under its value.

With.

Signifies frmn or against,
Ft^^DBAw', «. to draw from or away.
WUhrW^ASD'^ 9. to stand agaimt,
Fit^HOLD', «. to hold from.



LATIN PREFIXES.

FORMULA, - AvEKT,—a-v-e-r-t,— avert,— vtfrf is derived from the Latin word verto^
to tarn ; — ^the Latin prefix a signifies from or atoay ;— when combined, they form iYi»
word averi, which means to turn from or aioay,

A.

Signifies from or away,
^-vert', V, (verto)^ to turn from.
uI-voca'tion, w. (voco), a calling atoay,
^-vul'sion, n. (t>dKe>), a tearing away.

Ab.

Signifies from or away.
Ah-jBCt'y V. (jaeio)y to cast awaf/.
Ab-iAj'TiON, n. {luo\ a washing away.
Ab-BJiJ>^\ V. (rado)^ to rub atoay.
Ab-BJTpr'^ a. (ruptum), broken from or off,
-4&-SOLVK', V, (solvo), to loose from.
JlhBonB^ V. (sorbeo), to suck from or up.

Abs.

Signifies from or away,
Ab'^vsTj a. (ens\ a being away.
Ab»-TAis'y V. (teneo)y to hold from.
AI»-trjlct\ v. {trcUio), to draw from.

Ad.

Signifies to.

^^apt', «. (aptus), to fit <(?.
-4<^duce', «. (duco), to lead ^<7.
^({'-EQUATB, a. (eqym)^ equal to.
^<:^hbbe', v. (hcBreo)y to stick to.
ul^A'oBNT, a. (jaeeo), lying to or n«ir.
^i-jom', «. (Jungo)^ to join to.



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4fi SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY*

A, far Ad.*

A-bcesd', v. {6cando\ to climb to,

uI-scbibe', «. {BCfHbo)^ to write or impute to,

J[-8FEB8e', v. {sparge)^ to sprinkle to or upon.

Aspire', v, (spiro), to breathe to,

A-y'jssuk, n. {venio), the way of coming to (a place).

ii-vow', «. {votum), to vow to,

Ac, for Ad.

Signifies to,
Ao<SEJm\ f>. (cedo)j to yield to,
Accept', «. (capio), to take to,
Aooesb', n, (cedo)y approach to.

Af, for Ad.

Signifies to,
Af'Tix!, f>. O&tM), to fix to.
4^-plict', «. (Jligo)j to strike to or at,
Jif^'WLUX, n, (Jhio), a flowing to.

Aff, for Ad.

Signifies to,
.A^-OBAYATE, «. (^a«M), to make heavy to.
Ag'-QULSTDiZBy V, (ffmndis), to make great to.
Ag-QBMsa^ V, (gradior), to go to or against,

Al, for Ad.

Signifies to.
^2-iiB'yiATE, «. (lema), to make light to.
.4^-lxjde', v. (ludo), to play or advert to,
,il^Lu'vIAL, a, (Itto), washing to,
AItLy', t>. i^igo)^ to bind to.

An, for Ad.

Signifies to.
uinr-NBx', ®. (necto), to tie to.
.^Ti-in'HiLATE, «. (nihil), to make to nothing.
-4n-N0UNCB', V, (nuneio), to tell to.
.^jirinTL', 1^. (nt^w), to reduce to nothing.

Signifies to.
4/>-FA'BEirr, a. {pa/reo\ becoming visible to.
4p-PBND', «. {pmd), to hang to.
4p-PBBTArN', t). to pertain to.
.ilp-FBOx'iMATB, Xf, ipTope), to comc near to.

Ar, for Ad.

Signifies to.
-4r-BANGB', «. (rang), to put to or tn order.
-4r'-BOGATB, V. (rogo), to ask or. assume to. (one's self).

* For the sake of euphony, (an agreeable sound in langnoge,) the/orm of the prefix
Xa tkequently changed. Thus, we have ascend, for a«{scend ; avenue;, for ocfyenue, ^.



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LATIN PBEFIXBS. W

A8f for Ad.

Signifies to,
AjH^JiXL\ f>, (sdlio)^ to leap ujxm or agairut.
^<H3IGn', v. (»ignum)y to mark or allot to.
^-snc'iLATE, V. (8imilis)y to make like to,
A»'SIBt\ 7>. (aisto), to stand to or 5y.
.^•-so'ciATE, «. {90€io\ to join to,
Ahsukb!j o. (gumo), to take to.

At, for Ad.

Signifies to,
At^ AJs' J 9. (tango), to touch to.
At^TEND^ V, (Undo), to stretch to.
At-TEST\ D, (tettu), to bear witness to.
-4^•TBACT', «. (traho), to draw to.
^t-TBiB^UTE, D. (trAiio), to glve or ascribe £0*.

Signifies round or o&m^.
^m^Bi'TiON, n, (eo\ a going oftwf.
^iw'-puTATB, «. (piUo), to cut f(mn(2 or <>^.

Signifies before.
' ilni^CB'DENT, a. (ctfdfo), going lefore.
An'te-iLOOu, n, a room before the main one.
Ante-DATK' D, (datum), to date before,
Ante-JiiLu'yTAJX, a, (diluvium), before the flood.
^n^MEBm'iAN, a. (meridies), before midday.
u4nfe-MUN'DANB, a, (mundus), before the world.

Circum.

Signifies round or about,
Cireum^A^cwsrr, a, (jaeeo), lying round. ^

Ow'CMm-NAv'iGATB, «. to uavigatc round,
Oircum-acBiEE', v. (scribo), to write r<mn<?, to indoflt.
Or'cumrBFECT, a, (specio), looking round, cautious.

' Cis.

Signifies on this side,
Cw-al'pine,* a, on tJiis aide of the Alps.
Ci9-ATLAii^ric, a, on this side of the Atlantia

Ciyn. (Gum.)
Signifies together or with.
CoTirCUBf, V, (curro), to run together,
C7(m-PLiCT', V. (Jligo), to strike together.
Ciw'-FLUENCE, n. (Jluo), a flowing together.
Oim-OTscr', v. (necto), to tie together,*
Co7ir%TJRE!, V. (spiro), to breathe together,
Ci97i-8TBUCT', ^, («t7^o), to build together.

* Cisalpine, on thia side of the Alps, in regard to Rome, that Is on the soutb sidA
of the Alps, Transalpine, on the north side of the Alps.



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SMITH'B HANB-BOOK OF ETTKOLOOT.

Oi^^/pr Orm.

Signifies together or wUK,
OihB^qjaAi^ a, eqaaXwUh.
Ch-n^YKL^ a. (amim), of the same age t9i£^
Ckhvuwif^ «. to eadst together,
CchBKXR'yn. one who is heir fffi^ another.
C%^•HKRX', 9. (JuBreo\ to stick together.
OihOF^BSULTRy 9, {opera), to work toge&t^.
Ca0, for Con.

Signifies together or with.
Oog^'iXAiVf 0. (naacor^ bom ttfj^vti^^ur^wMi
Coif for Con,

Signifies together or triCA.
O^lafsb', ». (labor), a falling together.
OdlrjJLtlA\ «. (Zo^t^m), to bring together.
OolrLBicn', «. (ie^), to gather together.
CMf'iAKSATK, 9. (^omm), to place together.
CW'-LoqxjT, n. (loquor), a speaking together,
Ool-hjffaos, n, (htdo), a playing togeUier.

Com, for Con.

Signifies together or iri6\
Cbm'-XKBCE, fi. (mercor), a trading together,
Oom-^nx'j e. to mix together.
Oom-uo'TTOS, n. (moveo), a moving t0|0i0<Aer«
OemrBEL', V. (peUo), to drive with.
Oom-vosa^ v. {jffono), to put together.
Oom-TBMas'y V. (premo), to press together.

Cor, for Con,

Signifies together or wi^
Oor-KBL' ATiyn, a. relative toith.
C^bob'obats, V. (rdbfwr\ to make strong together,
OoT'BOtKBfp V. (rodo)y to gnaw together.
Contra.
Signifies againtt.
Oontrct-jyiCT^, v. to speak agcdrut or contrary tQ,
Con'tro-TSSBiT, «. (verto), to turn against.

Counter, for Contra.

Signifies againet.
Cknmter-BAi/AKCEf v. to balance against.
Oounter-UARCK'j v. to march in an opposite diiectioow
De.
Signifies doton or from.
Zh-CLum'j V. (dino), to bend doien.
Induce', «. (rfttt»), to lead from.
Hmtbnd', 9, (fendo)y to strike <2t>tOfi^
J}&-^ect\ 9. (jaeio)y to cast down, *
2>»-fend', «. (pendeo), to hang/nwn.
IV^POSb', v. (iM?m>), to put doten.



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I.ATIH PSEFZXSS.

Signifies toiake/rom, «My,^, <v Mtf/
1X»-a'blb, 9. to render moi able.
JMt-AKif'v. to take awof ^TTOB,
JMi-BBUKTB', CL noC to believe.
JMHiint'DKH, «. to takeoff a burden.
IM^^osr'BBT, a. «* h<iiicsL
1Kki4>t'ai^ o. not loyaL

ffignifies i^pof^
JKf-FSL^ 9. {peBo), to drive ^^pori.
JKf^BCT', «. {«»), to cot <9wri.
HtMOi.vs', •. («&•), to looae ^
2Kt-TKHD', «. (t0i'/0), to stretch * ^
JKf-TOST', «. (forfvM), to twist ^port.
IKmkact', «. (IraAff), to draw ^ari.
IH,forIHs.



U



DihflFKBSB', «. (vor^), to a|ffiiikie <

Djhtebt', «. (©frto), to turn <Q»3rl
IK-GfHBs', a. (gradior)^ to go lyori.
JM-i.utb', a. (bfo), to wash agmt,

mf, for IHs.
Sgnifies apatt,
Dif'WKB^ e. {fero\ to bear e^
DifwissB^y a. {Jwiido\ to pour i

ffigniiieH oml or Mit ef.
Xb-axtt^^ a. (090), to take or fioroe o¥t of.
JBb^xtt'^ a. {eapie), to take omL
jBaoTB', a. (at9), to caU ouL
Akxaix', a. {damo\ to ciy out
.£bK:i.m>B', a. {dauda)^ to siiiit out
.£^PA2n>', a. ( jiaiui(9), to spread Mif.
B^-TEj/j a. (peOo\ to drive Mtf ^.
JSa^posT', a. (pcwia), to cany otiL

Signifies Mit or Mit 0^
E'-vsxTt^ n. (^Ueo\ what is spoken M
.S^ucb', a. (itt09), to lead ouL
X'-OBxaa, n. (gradur\ a going airfL
J&>ncT', a. (jocio), to cast oiil
JB-usct', a. (20^), to choose oiil
M^SLhSs!^ a. (nu29), to rob ouL

Ef,forKx.

ffignifies Mit or Mit ^
JBf-WAcaf, a. (/ckm), to take Mit the ftoa.
I^-nATL^ n. C/fiw), a flowing omL



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*9Z SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGr.

Extra*

Bignifies leyond,

iSufm-MnN'DAKB, a. (mundus), beyond the world*
JShstraron'j>iJSAB.Y, a, beyond ordinary.

ZUf before a Verb,
Signifies in or into, on or upon,

J^-olinb', v. (clino), to lean into.
iw-CLUDE', V. (clatido), to shut in.
Inrcnn^ V. (curro), to run upon.
InrTJjicT', ®. (fli{fo), to strike upon,
J»'-FLUX, n. (jfhu})y a flowing into.
in-HALE', V. {halo), to breathe in.

11, for In,

. Signifies in or into, on or upon,

/^lu'minate, I), (lumen), to put light infe>.
/^Lu'siON, n. {ludo), a playing «p(W.

Jm, for In,

Signifies in or into, on or t(pw.

/?»-mer8e', v. {mergo), to plunge infe?.
iw-PEL', V. (pello), to drive on.
/m-PEND', ^. {pendeo), to hang «*^f>» or ^wr.
/w-port', «j. {porta), to carry iw^.
/w-po8e\ «. {pom), to put w^xw.
Jfw-pRie'oN, «. to put in prison.

Ir, for In,

Signifies in or into, on or wpon,

' ir'-BTTATE, t>. {ira), to put *» anger.
ir-RUp'TiON, n. (ruptum), a breaking into,

lUj before an Adjective.
Signifies not.

/»-ac'tive, a. not active.
/n-AK'iMATE, a, {anima), not having life.
iw-CAU^Tious, a. not cautious.
/n-coM'pETEKT, a. not competent.

Ig, for In,

Signifies no^.

i^Ko'BLB, a. not noble.

ijj^KOMiN'ions, a. {nomm), not having a namt.

II, for In,

Signifies not.

J7-le'oal, a. not legal.

/^LEa'IBLE, a. {lego), that can not be read.

H-iAB'EitAL, a. not liberal.

/^Lic'iT, a. not permitted.



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LATIN PREFIXES.

Jut, for. In.
Signifes runL

Jm*MOB'AL, a. not moral.
Jw-mor'tal, a, not mortal.
Jw-par'tial, a. ru)t partial.
Twi^pa'tibnt, a, not patient.
^-pbr'pect, a, not perfect.

Jr, for In.

Signifies not

/r«-RA'TiONAL, a. not rational.
/r-RBFur'ABLB, a. not to be refuttd.
ir-RBG'ui.AR, a. not regular.
ir-RBSisT'iBiiE, a, not to be resisted.

Inter.

Signifies 'between or arrwng.

77ife9r-PBRB', V, (ferio\ to strike letween,
In'ter-ijVDiE, n, (Itido), a part between plays.
Jnfer-posB', V. (pono), to place between.
/nttfr'-ROGATB, D. (rogo), to ask between.
Jnttfr-RUPT', «. (rupfww), to break between.
IfUer-SEcr'y v. («ea?), to cut bettoeen.

Intro.

Signifies within.

Jn«w-DUCB', D. {duco), to lead witliin.
Jwtro-VERT', ©. {f>erto\ to turn within.

Ob.

Signifies in the way, against, out.

W-LOQUY, n. (loquar), something spoken against.
66'-STACLB, n. (8to), something standing in the way.
O^-trtjdb', v. (trudo), to thrust agaimt.
0^-viATB, V. (ma), to put out of the way.

Oc, for Ob.

Signifies in t^ way, up, dovm.

Oc-ca'sion, n. (cado), a falling in the way.
Oc'-cupT, V. (capio), to take up.
Oo-cur', u. (curro), to run m «A^ way.

Of 9 for Ob.

Signifies in the way, against.

Qf-FBND', V. (fendo), to strike against.
Of'-VER, V. (fero), to bear in the way.

Op, f<»r Ob.
Signifies in the way, against.

Op-vom\ t>. (jP^o), to put in the way.
Qj-PRBSs', t>. {premo\to press against.
Cjp-PUGN', «. (pugna), to fight against.



n



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SMITH'S HAinVBOOK OF BTTMOLOOT.

JPer.

Signifies thtrm^h or thoraughlif.
PiJr'-FBCT, a. (facio), made thmmgUy.
P«wiRB' t (^^9), to breathe through.

P<wjsb; «. (tt«ww), to read iivrmgh,

Tost.

Signifies afU/t,

Pewi'wiOBiPT, n. (««^), something wn*tten itfiw.

-Pre.

Signifies Si^or^.
■ -RrMSEDB', f. (<j«fo), to go lefWB.
-«v-DiCT', «. (^ict?), to >r<5tell.

S^'L'J^ ' ''• j^^^^x' ^ ^"^ ^^ esteem ft*>^
-^-pix, t^. (^j«), something fixed fte^T
^siDB' t,. (.«fe,), to sit le^e. ^ •
-«v-vBisrr', «. (w»i(?), to come hrfirre,

Ihreter.

Signifies li&ycfnd orpoit,
^^ter-Tt, a. (»), gonepagt.
-tteter-NAT'TjiLAjj, a. beyond natuiiL

2Vo.

Signifies /or, /(>riwm?, /<w^ or a«^
-PJl^EBD' 2>. (ce^fo), to go fonmrd,
-m-Mora , « (»»j^eo), to move /orwwtL
^mjj'v. (peUo), to drive forward, ^
^DUCE', ». (^t/<»), to lead forth,
^xH}LAm\ V. (demo), ijo cry ouL
-Rra^BACT', V. (traho), to draw^.
i^v-voKB', ®. («?<%»), to call (nO^ ^

Be.

Signifies back or again^ anem.
^eBDB', V. (cedo% to go 5adt
Me-CLAiii', V. (danw), to call^KO?.
-ff^nsTK', T, (dino), to lean back.
^ -PLOT, ». (/t«>), a fiowing back,
Me-W8K\ V. (Jundo), to pour back,
-«^voKB', t>. (wco), to call ftacfc

Retro.

Signifies baeh or backwardi,
-g^CBs'flioN, n. («?Mwm), the act of going badt.
^ro-QfRAjm, V, (gradior), going backward.
^etro-BBECT, n. (specio), a looking bachcard$.



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LATIN FBSTIXKi. fS

SB.

Signifies (uide or aparti,

iSkjedb', «. (eedo), to go opor^.
/S^kilitde', V, {daudo\ to ^ut up apart,
8e-j}VCSL\ «. (at£«0), to lead atide.
iS^Di'TiON, n. (ift^m), a going oMe,

Sine.
l^gnifies taithovi,

8im!'VLR^ a. (plico)y toithaut fold.
Sin-c^RE', a, (e&ra), without wax.
8i'n&-cuB;Ey n. (cura)^ a situation mthout can.

Sub.

Signifies under.

Sub-JA^cmav, a. (jaeeo), lying under.
SulhUAnimt^^ €L (mare)y un£r the sea.
Sub-tiCBJBE', V. (scribo)y to write under.
Sub-TRAcr', V. (traho)y to draw under or fimk

SuCf for Sub.

Signifies under y up,

Suc-CESSD^ «. (cedo)^ to go under or after.
Site<i(m\ «. (fiwro)y to ran under,
Siic<!uxB\ «. (otfdo;, to lean under.

Suf, for Sub.

Signifies under,

8uf*-¥isRy V. (fero)y to bear under,
3uf'Fvsm\ V, (Jwido)^ to pour under*

Sup, for Sub.

Signifies under y up.

Sup-TonT'y «. {porto)y to bear up.
8up-T0SK\ V, {pono), to put wnder.
Sup^TiBLBBa\ 9. (prema)y to press wider.

Super.

Sigaifieft abace or over^ upon,

Super-AJBOxmD'y «. to <>t?«rabonnd.
Saper-ASOiy i>, to add ever and dbeve.
Super-Tum'y a. aterOne.
Super-VBjm'y v. {sedeo)y to dt oI^om.
<9Mper-vi'soB, n. (pideo)y an <M?tfrseer.
iS^2^€r-BCBiBE', «. ($eribo)y to write tipew*

5ur, (jFV-. /w Super.)
Signifies n^mCy ever, upon.

Sur-^oxnspi'y v. to mount above,
Sur-YiYK'y V, («Mw), to live aver or t^ter.
Sur^-vjiOViy n, (fades), upon the fiMM).
Sur-Ywx'y V, (video)y to look tipem.



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6$ SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OP ETYMOLOGY.

StiSf for Sub*

Signifies under, up, upwards.
Stu-TBcr'y V, (ipecio), to look under.
Bu^tksd', V, (pendea), to hang up.
i9u«-TAiN', «. (teneo), to hold up.

Trans,

Signifies across, over or beyond, through.
TVo-ducb', «. (dueo), to lead <ieross,
Trans-viSB', «. (fero), to carry over.
Trans-jjATB\ v. (latum), to carry over.
Trans-vrr', v. {mitto), to send over.

Ultra*

Signifies heyond.
JJl'tnu-iKT, n. one who is beyond.
1726u-hon'tane, a. (mans), beyond the moantains.
UUrorUJjii'DASE, a. (mundus), beyond the world.



SUFFIXES.



FORMULA. — ^Manual, — ^m-a-n-n-a-l,— mannal,— m««w is derived from the Latin
word maniM, the hand ; — the suffix oZ signifies of, rdating or pertaining to; b^fitUng or
ecoming /—when combindd, they form the word manual, which means reloHtg orpsr*
turning to the hand.

Ac.

Signifies of, or beUmging to.
Cab'dioc, a. (ca/rdia, Gr.), belonging to the heart
ELEOi'at;, a. (degia, Gr.), belonging to elegy.
Dbmo'nio^;, a. belonging to a demon.

Aceotis.

Signifies ^or consisting of, like or resembling.
Aaxsa'eeous, a. (arena), consisting of sand.
ARBiLLa'ce&us, a. (a/rgiUa), consisting of clay.
YiLKTsa'ceous, a, (farina), consisting of meal.
'H.ESBa'ce<ms, a. (herba), consisting of herbs. -.

Aej/. ^

Signifies being, or state of being; office of.
Ac'cuBoey, n. a being accurate.
DBL'ica<jy, n. a being delicate.
Os'sTiNacy, n. a being obstinate.
Cxj'juicy, n. the office of a curate.

Age.

Signifies collection of; state of being ; <m (j^lowamM for.
Bxa'aage, n. a collection of bags.
CGBjy'age, n. a eoUectiam of cords.
Hbrb'o^^, n. a collection of herbs.
BosD^age, n. state of beinj in bonds. '



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SUFFIXES. 6T

Al.

Signifies of^ rdating or pertaining to; befitting or heeoming.

FiL'iaZ, a. (JUius), relating to or becoming a son.
FJjO'roI, a. (Jlos), relating to flowers.
Man'uo^, a. {manus\ relating to the band.
Ment'o^, a. {mens), relating to the mind.

An, latif Eatu

Signifies belonging, relating ot pertaining to.

k.aniJ'B.ian, a, {ager), relating to the fields.
CHRis'T*a/i, a, relating to Christ.
PLKBE'ia», a, relating to the people.
'ExjBOFe'an, a, relating to Europe.

An, Ian,

Signifies one wlio, or the person ^uU.

ART'isan, n. one who is skilled in an art.
QHSJB'Tian, n, one %oho believes in Christ.
EuBOP-d'a», n, one who lives in Europe.
HiSTo'iua?!, n. one who writes history.

Ance, Ancy.

Signifies being or state of being ; ing*

CoTs'aTaTici/, n, state of being constant.
lot'iso^umce, n. state of being ignorant.
Vio'iLa/icc, w. state of being vigilant.
AssiST'aTie^, n, (aisto), a standing to.

Ant.

Signifies one w7w, or the person that,

AjBSAjjj'ant, n, one who assails.
AssiST'an^, n, one who assists.
CLAiM'an^, n. one who claims.
CoM^BATaTiJ, n. one who combats.
AjtrvnTD'ant, n, one who attends.
DEPEND'an^, n. one who depends on another.

Ant.

Signifies ing.

BBiLL'ian^, a, (briUer), shintTi^.
Attend 'a«^, a, attendiTi^ ; accompanying.
DBPEKD'a/it, a. (pendeo), hanging down,
CoN'soNa^*, a. (aontts), sounding together.
OBSBBv'an^, a, obBerving.
ThRAs'ant, a, 'pleasing.

At.

Signifies in the form of; Uke; relating to; hofoing.

CiB'ouLar, a: (circultts), in the form of a circle.
QiiOB'ULar, a, (jgldbiui), in the form of a globe.

♦ Inp has a participial meaning, and is defined by the expression con&ntting <o ; be-
cause it denotes primarily, continuance of ctction, or condition.



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fift SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETTMOLOOT.

Is^suhaTy a, (insula), relating to an island.
Jv'eiuhary a, (jugulum), rdating to the tlm»lk
Oc'uLar, a, (ociUus), relating to the eyes.
CEL^LULar, a. {eeUa), having cells.

Ar.

Signifies one who.

Bsa'oar, n. one who be^.
LiW, n. one who tells bes.
ScholW, n. <m« t«A<7 goes to school.

Ard.

Signifies one who.

'DBxnsK'a/rd, n, one who gets drunk.
^lAjQ'oard, n. one who is sluggish.
jyo'Tord, n, one whose mind is impaired.
Nio Wr^, n, one who is a mise^.



Ary. j



Signifies one who or the person thalt,

AD'vEBsari^, n. (7n< t^A^ is adverse.
Eif'issory, n. (m^ who is sent out.
Mb'sioNar^, n, (mitto\ one who is sent
TBiB'uTary, w. a»d t/?A<? pays tribute. ^

Ary.

Signifies the place where, or the thing Ma&

Afna/ry, n. (apis), the place where bees are kept.
QnAS'ary, n. (granum), the place where grain is stored.
lii'BBory, n. (liber), the place where books are kept
IjjfiaNary, n. (lumen), the thing that gives light.

Ary.

Signifies belonging, relating, or pertaining to,

'Hos'ojRory, a, pertaining or relating to honor.
Lir'Biwwy, a, (jlitera), pertaining or relating to letters.
MiL'iTary, a, (miles), pertaining or relating to soldiers.
'Pxjjj'uGsary, a, (pulmo), pertaining or relating to the lunga.

Ate.

Signifies having, being.

Cob'pob^^ cl, (corpus), ha/ting a body.
IsAS'jMate, a. (anima), not having life.
Intes'to^, a. (testis), not hcmng a will.
Dsa'psBO^, a. (spero), being out of hope.

Ate^

Signifies one who or the person thsft.

Cv'Bote, n. (eura), one who has the care.
DiEL'iaaate, n. (lego), one who is sent from.
QBJLD'vate, n. (gradior), one who takes a degree.
Po^TSNTa^, 71. (posse), one who has power.



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^ Ate.

SgnifSes 1^ Moitf, t9 9i0c» <9^iiC, w tf tafai
J^KBn/rtt^ «. {dAUu\ to make feeble.
YAcn/TMte, «. (faeOu)^ to mdka easj.



Online LibraryWilliam Waugh SmithA complete etymology of the English language ... → online text (page 6 of 30)